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定语从句易错题汇总


2. A15[2014?安徽卷] The exact year________Anglela and her family spent together in China was 2008. A.when B.where C.why D.which 22.D 考查定语从句的关系词。本题先行词为 year,在定语从句中作及物动词 spent 的宾 语,因此选用关系代词 which。

26.A15[2014?北京卷] I borrowed the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, ________my classmates recommended to me. A .who B.which C.when D.where 26.B 考查定语从句。根据题干信息,定语从句的先行词为 book,定语从句中缺乏宾语, 加之逗号后为非限制性定语从句,所以本题选 B。 31 . A15[2014? 福 建 卷 ] Students should involve themselves in community activities ________ they can gain experience for growth. A.who B.when C.which D.where 31.D 考查定语从句。句意:学生应该使他们自己参与到团体活动中来,在这些活动中 他们可以获得成长经验。根据句意可知,所填词引导定语从句,先行词是 activities,并且 从句中的主谓宾成分是齐全的,且不需要表示时间,故选择 D 项。 31. A15[2014?湖南卷] I am looking forward to the day ________ my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her. A. as B. why C. when D. where 31. C 考查定语从句。 句意:我一直期待着我的女儿能读懂这本书,能明白我对她的感 情的那一天。关系副词 when 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 day,在从句中作时间状语。 22.A15[2014?江苏卷 ] The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work ________ a good impression is a must. A.which B.when C.as D.where 22.D 考查定语从句。句意:这本书在我的日常交流方面给予了我很大帮助,尤其是在必 须给别人留下一个好印象的工作中。分析句子结构可知,先行词为抽象名词 work,定语从 句中缺少地点状语,故用 w here 引导。 28. A15[2014?江西卷] Among the many dangers ________ sailors have to face, probably the greatest of all is fog. A. which B. what C. where D. when 28.A 考查定语从句。句意:在水手们必须面对的许多危险中,也许最大的是雾。此题易 误选 C 项,原因是没有分析清楚从句的句子成分。which 在此引导定语从句,修饰先行词 dangers,同时在从句中作 face 的宾语。 10.A15[2014?山东卷] A company ________profits from home markets are dec lining may seek opportunities abroad. A.which B.whose C.who D.why 10. B 考查定语从句。 句意: 一个来自国内市场的利润在下降的公司可能会寻找国外机会。

a company 是先行词,其后是定语从句,定语从句的主语是 profits,缺少定语,故选 B。 13. A15[2014?陕西卷] Please send us all the information ________ you have about the candidate for the position. A. that B. which C. as D. what 13.A 考查定语从句。先行词是 information,指物,关系词在从句中作及物动词 have 的 宾语,且先行词用不定代词 all 修饰,关系词只能用 that,故选 A。 4.A15[2014?四川卷] Until now, we have raised 50,000 pounds for the poo r children, ________ is quite unexpected. A.that B.which C.who D.it 4.B 考查定语从句。此处 which 指代整个主句内容引导非限制性定语从句,which 在定 语从句中作主语。句意:到现在为止,我们已经为那些贫穷的孩子们筹集到了 50 000 英镑, 这是完全没有预料到的。 12. A15[2014?天津卷] English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, ________ uses it differently. A. all of which B. each of which C. all of them D. each of them 12. B 考查定语从句和主谓一致。句意:英语是一种被好几种不同文化共同使用的语言, 每一种文化使用它时都是不同的。首先 A 项和 C 项中的 all 暗示空格后用 use,故排除 A、 C; 根据空格后的 uses 使用的是一般现在时, 可知空格处需用单数名词或代词, 可选 B、 D; 再根据 uses 是谓语动词,可知空格处是主语,只有 each of which 能作主语,并构成了定 语从句。 5.A15[2014?浙江卷] I didn't become a serious climber until the fifth grade,________ I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree. A.wh en B.where C.which D.why 5.A 考查定语从句。句意:我直到五年级才成为一个真正的攀登者,那一年我爬上了树 枝去够一只被卡的风筝。该句中的先行词是 the fifth grade,此处先行词在定语从句中作时 间状语,应该用关系副词 when。故选 A 项。定语从句的关键是:在主句中找出先行词,然 后把先行词“代入”从句中,判断其在从句中的“地位”和“作用”。如果作主语和宾语,用关系代 词 who, whom, tha t 和 which;如果作状语,则用 when, where, why 等。 9. A15[2014?重庆卷] We'll reach the sales targets in a month ________ we set at the beginning of the year. A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. A 考查定语从句的用法。 此处先行词 targets 被 in a month 所扰, 考生容易错把 mon th 当成 先行词而误选 C。 targets 在定语从句中作 set 的宾语, 所以关系词应用 which 或 that。 故选 A。


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