Direct speech & Reported speech
She said, “I like singing. ” She said, “I am waiting for a bus.” She said, “I visited Europe last year.
” She said, “I have never met an American.” She said, “I will see you next week.”
She said she liked singing. She said she was waiting for a bus. She said she had visited Europe the year before. She said she had never met an American. She said she would see me the next week.
口诀 说 明 直接引语 间接引语
一 随 主 二 随 宾
第三 人称 不变
引号内的第一人 称变间引后与主 句主语的人称保 持一致 引号内的第二人 称变间引后与主 句宾语的人称保 持一致
She said,“ I like She said that she liked tennis. Tennis.” He said to Lily, He told Lily that “ you must get she must get up up early.” early. She said to me , She told me that “ They want to they wanted to help him.” help him.
引号内的第三人 称在变间引后人 称不变
一般现在时 过去进行时 现在进行时 过去完成时 一般过去时 过去完成时 现在完成时 过去将来时 一般将来时 The teacher said,“The sun is bigger than the earth.” The teacher said that the sun is bigger than the earth. 注: 直引若是客观真理,变为间引时,时态不变.
时 态 变 化
that, those then, that day that week the day before the week before four days before two days before the next/following day the next/following month there go, take could,might,had to
时 间 状 语
now, today this week yesterday last week four days ago the day before yesterday tomorrow next month
地点状语 方向性动词 情态动词
here come, bring can, may, must
ask, order , advise等动
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. George said , “ I like maths very much.” George said that ________ __________ maths very much. he liked 2. Lucy said , “ I’ll come here tomorrow .” Lucy said that______ _______ go _______ ______ ______ she would there the __________. next day 3. They said , “ We are cleaning the classroom now” they were They said _______ _______ cleaning classroom______. then 4. Mother said, “ Wash your hands before meals, Tom.” told Mother _______ Tom to wash ______ _______ ______ hands before his meals.
5. Peter said , “ I can answer this question.” Peter said (that) _______ _______ answer this question. he could 6. Tom said , “ I had lunch 2 hours ago.” Tom said that _____ ______ ______ lunch 2 hours __________. he had had before 7. Tony said to the teacher , “ I’m sorry I haven’t brought my book.” he was Tony told the teacher ___________ _________ sorry _________ he________brought _______book. hadn?t his 8. The policeman said to the children , “ Don’t go out today.” go The policeman told the children _______ _________ _______ not to out _________day that ___________. 9. Mrs Ma said, “I will stay at home for safety tonight ”. Mrs Ma said that __________ _________ stay at home for safety she would ___________ ___________.. that night
She asked, “Have you seen the film?” He asked, “Are you a doctor, John?” She asked us, “Where are you going to get off?” He asked them, “Who gave you a talk yesterday?”
She asked me whether\if I had seen the film. He asked John if\whether he was a doctor. She asked us where we were going to get off. He asked them who had given them a talk the day before.
直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引 语时,用引导词 if 或 whether 连接。 直接引语是 特殊疑问句 ,变为间接引
The policeman ordered:“Be quiet.” The teacher said to the boy ,”Open the window .” “Never do that again,” the teacher said． “Wait a moment．” she said to them.
The policeman ordered us to be quiet. The teacher told the boy to open the window The teacher told me not /never to do that again． She asked them to wait a moment .
“I don’t like computers,” Sandy said to her friends.
Sandy said to her friends that I don’t like computers. said she didn’t
Sandy said to her friends that she didn’t like computers.
Is it easy to work out the problem?
( They asked him ) It is easy to work out the problem.
They asked him
if it is easy to work out the problem.
They asked him if it was easy to work out the problem.
When do you harvest the wheat ? ( They asked him )
you harvest the wheat
They asked him when
you harvest the wheat. he harvested
They asked him when he harvested the wheat.
Little boy, put on your coat.
(They ordered )
Little boy, put on your coat.
They ordered Little boy put on your coat. to put his
They ordered the little boy to put on his coat.
1). Betty says to Harry," I want to borrow your book.” Betty says to Harry (that) she wants to borrow his Book. 2).My teacher said , “she is a good student.” My teacher said that she was a good student.
3) She asked me,” Do you agree with me?”
She asked me if I agreed with her. 4) Anne asked her mother, “Is there any delicious food to eat?” Anne asked her mother if there was any delicious food to eat.
5) “ What are you going to do?” he asked. He asked me what I was going to do. 6）“How do you go to school every day?” asked Mr. Zhang. Mr. Zhang asked how I went to school everyday.
7). Mom said,“ Don?t chat with strangers．” Mom told me not to chat with strangers. 8). “ Go shopping with me, please?” said Mr. Wang . Mr. Wang asked me to go shopping with him.