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江苏省宜兴市屺亭中学九年级英语上册 9A《Unit 6 Detective stories》Grammar(1)课件 牛津版


Grammar A

Direct speech & Reported speech

Direct Speech
She said, “I like singing. ” She said, “I am waiting for a bus.” She said, “I visited Europe last year.

” She said, “I have never met an American.” She said, “I will see you next week.”

Reported Speech
She said she liked singing. She said she was waiting for a bus. She said she had visited Europe the year before. She said she had never met an American. She said she would see me the next week.

1、人称的变化 一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新
口诀 说 明 直接引语 间接引语

一 随 主 二 随 宾
第三 人称 不变

引号内的第一人 称变间引后与主 句主语的人称保 持一致 引号内的第二人 称变间引后与主 句宾语的人称保 持一致

She said,“ I like She said that she liked tennis. Tennis.” He said to Lily, He told Lily that “ you must get she must get up up early.” early. She said to me , She told me that “ They want to they wanted to help him.” help him.

引号内的第三人 称在变间引后人 称不变

一般现在时 过去进行时 现在进行时 过去完成时 一般过去时 过去完成时 现在完成时 过去将来时 一般将来时 The teacher said,“The sun is bigger than the earth.” The teacher said that the sun is bigger than the earth. 注: 直引若是客观真理,变为间引时,时态不变.

时 态 变 化

2

直接引语

间接引语 一般过去时

直接引语

间接引语
that, those then, that day that week the day before the week before four days before two days before the next/following day the next/following month there go, take could,might,had to

指示代词
时 间 状 语

this,

these

now, today this week yesterday last week four days ago the day before yesterday tomorrow next month

地点状语 方向性动词 情态动词

here come, bring can, may, must

SUMMARY
直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语,
把动词原形变成动词不定式,并在动词不 定前加tell,

ask, order , advise等动

词的宾语。
注意:否定句,在动词不定式前加

not或never.

直接引语变间接引语
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. George said , “ I like maths very much.” George said that ________ __________ maths very much. he liked 2. Lucy said , “ I’ll come here tomorrow .” Lucy said that______ _______ go _______ ______ ______ she would there the __________. next day 3. They said , “ We are cleaning the classroom now” they were They said _______ _______ cleaning classroom______. then 4. Mother said, “ Wash your hands before meals, Tom.” told Mother _______ Tom to wash ______ _______ ______ hands before his meals.

?

.

5. Peter said , “ I can answer this question.” Peter said (that) _______ _______ answer this question. he could 6. Tom said , “ I had lunch 2 hours ago.” Tom said that _____ ______ ______ lunch 2 hours __________. he had had before 7. Tony said to the teacher , “ I’m sorry I haven’t brought my book.” he was Tony told the teacher ___________ _________ sorry _________ he________brought _______book. hadn?t his 8. The policeman said to the children , “ Don’t go out today.” go The policeman told the children _______ _________ _______ not to out _________day that ___________. 9. Mrs Ma said, “I will stay at home for safety tonight ”. Mrs Ma said that __________ _________ stay at home for safety she would ___________ ___________.. that night

She asked, “Have you seen the film?” He asked, “Are you a doctor, John?” She asked us, “Where are you going to get off?” He asked them, “Who gave you a talk yesterday?”

Direct Speech

Reported Speech
She asked me whether\if I had seen the film. He asked John if\whether he was a doctor. She asked us where we were going to get off. He asked them who had given them a talk the day before.

SUMMARY
直接引语是疑问句,变间接引语时,

要从疑问语序变为陈述语序。
直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引 语时,用引导词 if 或 whether 连接。 直接引语是 特殊疑问句 ,变为间接引

语时,仍用原来的疑问词作连词来引导。

Direct Speech
The policeman ordered:“Be quiet.” The teacher said to the boy ,”Open the window .” “Never do that again,” the teacher said. “Wait a moment.” she said to them.

Reported Speech
The policeman ordered us to be quiet. The teacher told the boy to open the window The teacher told me not /never to do that again. She asked them to wait a moment .

解题步骤:

1.陈述句

“I don’t like computers,” Sandy said to her friends.
Sandy said to her friends that I don’t like computers. said she didn’t

Sandy said to her friends that she didn’t like computers.

2.一般疑问句:
Is it easy to work out the problem?
( They asked him ) It is easy to work out the problem.
They asked him

if it is easy to work out the problem.
is was

asked

They asked him if it was easy to work out the problem.

3.特殊疑问句:
When do you harvest the wheat ? ( They asked him )

you harvest the wheat
They asked him when

you harvest the wheat. he harvested

They asked him when he harvested the wheat.

4.祈使句
Little boy, put on your coat.

(They ordered )
Little boy, put on your coat.
They ordered Little boy put on your coat. to put his

They ordered the little boy to put on his coat.

Exercises :
1). Betty says to Harry," I want to borrow your book.” Betty says to Harry (that) she wants to borrow his Book. 2).My teacher said , “she is a good student.” My teacher said that she was a good student.

3) She asked me,” Do you agree with me?”
She asked me if I agreed with her. 4) Anne asked her mother, “Is there any delicious food to eat?” Anne asked her mother if there was any delicious food to eat.

5) “ What are you going to do?” he asked. He asked me what I was going to do. 6)“How do you go to school every day?” asked Mr. Zhang. Mr. Zhang asked how I went to school everyday.

7). Mom said,“ Don?t chat with strangers.” Mom told me not to chat with strangers. 8). “ Go shopping with me, please?” said Mr. Wang . Mr. Wang asked me to go shopping with him.


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