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高中英语语法第十六讲


高中英语语法 第十六讲
名词性从句 李阳疯狂英语学院 范银

名词性从句内容
一、四类名词性从句的基本概念 二、三种句子充当四种成分 三、陈述句可分别充当四种成分 四、that引导的定语从句和名词性从句的区别 五、一般疑问句可分别充当四种成分 六、特殊疑问句可分别充当四种成分

一、四类名词性从句的基本概念

>The T-shirt is interesting. I love the T-shirt The T-shirt is interesting The story is interesting

What she is wearing is interesting I love what she is wearing The T-shirt is what interests me.
the story that this girl got lots of dates with this Tshirt is interesting

用一个完整的句子充当某一种句子成分

判断下列句子为何种从句
? I believe what he said ? The mother must accept the fact that his child is deaf ? This book is what I want ? What I am watching is boring ? What we believe is true

Karen’s song: Top of the world
? Such a feeling's coming over me. ? There is a wonder in most everything(that) I see. ? Not a cloud in the sky, got the sun in my eyes, ? And I won't be surprised if it's a dream. ? Everything (that) I want the world to be ? Is now coming true especially for me.

? And the reason is clear, ? It's because you're here. ? You are the nearest thing to heaven ? That I've seen.

6

? I‘m on the top of the world Looking down on creation, ? And the only explanation (that) I can find is the love that I've found ? Ever since you've been around. ? Your love's put me on the top of the world.

? Something in the wind has learned my name, ? And it's telling me that things are not the same. ? In the leaves on the trees, ? And the touch of the breeze, ? There's a pleasing sense of happiness for me.

? There is only one wish on my mind, ? When this day is through ? I hope that I will find ? That tomorrow will be just the same for you and me. ? All(that) I need will be mine if you are here

总结:定语从句和名词性从句的 区别
? 定语从句前面有个名词或者代词,为 了表达的完整性,定语从句离其所修 饰的名词或者代词有一点点距离。
? 名词性前没有名词或者代词,它单独 充当名词或者代词充当的成分

二、三种句子充当三种成分

充当这四种成分的有:陈述句、 特殊疑问句、一般疑问句
陈述句 I love grammar That I love grammar is a fact Do you love I want to know grammar? if you love grammar What do you I wonder what like about you like about grammar? grammar?

一般疑问句

特殊疑问句

练习:把括号中的句子合成构成名 词性从句
1、__________ is unimportant to me. (Does he come?) 2、No one knows exactly ________. ( is there life on other planets? ) 3、MY question is _________ . ( Do we have enough time to go to the movie? ) 4、Please tell me______________. (where do you live) 5、Do you know _______. (when are they coming. ) 6、__________ is a fact. ( the world is round) 正常语序是必然,情态和be 主语后藏,对do 要凶残

引导名词性从句的常用连词
连词that 对应于陈述句 That在从句中不作成分

连词whether, if

对应于一般疑问句

Whether, if 在从句中不作成 分

连接副词:when, where, why, how 连接代词:who, whom, what, which ,whose

对应于特殊疑问句

根据意思, 该用哪个用哪个, 充当一定的成分。

三、陈述句充当四种成分

(1)主语从句:that+陈述句放 在主语位置便构成主语从句
? I love you. It is a fact. ? You are beautiful. it is obvious. ? I am not going to marry you. it is not my idea
? That I love you is a fact ? That you are beautiful is obvious. ? That I am not going to marry you is not my idea

重点内容:通常做法,用it做形式 主语,真正的主语在后面
? That the end of the world is coming is believed by many people ? That Taiwan is coming back to the Mainland is predicted by an ancient book.
? it is believed by many people that the end of the world is coming ? It is predicted by an ancient book that Taiwan is coming back to the Mainland

牢记:主语从句中,that绝 对不能省略

it做形式主语的固定搭配背诵
? It is reported that baby girls are world-widely killed ? It is a shame that we still do the same ? It is strange that people prefer boys ? It should be noted that people are born equal ? It is likely that the killing is going to stop

(2)宾语从句:that+陈述句在 主句中作宾语成分
? You are telling the truth I believe it. I believe that you are telling the truth.
? the world is insane I believe it. I believe that the world is insane

宾语从句歌曲大放送
? I believe you can't appreciate real love until you've been burned ? I believe the grass is no more greener on the other side ? I believe you don't know what you've got until you say goodbye ? I believe you can't control or choose your sexuality ? I believe that trust is more important than monogamy ? I believe your most attractive features are your heart and soul

牢记:宾语从句中,that永远可以 省略——其他名词性从句都不可以

(3)同位语从句——令无数英雄 尽折腰之语法点
? 同位语从句:用一个完整的陈述句说明一个名词, 该陈述句就是同位语从句 ? I love the story that the Red Cap got eaten by the wolf. ? I love the story that you told me yesterday.

判断下列是同位语从句还是定语从句
1、I accept the suggestion that we should have more excises 2、I accept the suggestion he gives me.

1、I hate the fact that he is dead 2、I hate the fact that he told me yesterday. 1、The idea you put up is a disaster 2、The idea that we should go out is a disaster.

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