2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 2 Unit 1 Cultural relics
Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1．in search of 寻找→search for 寻找 2．design n. & vt.设计→be designed for...为??而设计 3．belong vi.属于；为??的一员→be
long to 属于 4．in return 作为回报→in return for 作为对??的回报→in turn 依次轮流；转而， 反过来 5．at war 处于交战状态→at peace 处于和平状态 6．doubt n. & vt.怀疑→there is no doubt that...毫无疑问?? 7．worth prep.值得的→worthy adj.值得??的→worthwhile adj.值得做的 8．take apart 拆开→apart from 除了，除了??还 9．explode vi.爆炸→blow up 爆炸 10．think highly of 看重；器重→think little of 对??评价不高 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1．valuable adj.贵重的→invaluable adj.极宝贵的→valueless adj.没有价值的；没有 用的 2． amaze vt.使吃惊→amazing adj.令人吃惊的→amazed adj.感到吃惊的→amazement n． 吃 惊 3．decorate v．装饰；装修→decoration n．装饰 4．informal adj.非正式的→formal adj.正式的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1．Many rare(稀有的) and therefore valuable cultural relics(宝贵的文化遗产) remain in China, which have survived(幸免) many disasters and become treasures of the world. 2．He went out in search of(寻找) a job and to his amazement(让他吃惊的是), he was selected(选择) as a designer(设计师) in a company because of his fancy(奇特的) style. 3．I returned the necklace to the person it belonged to(属于) and she gave me some money in return(作为回报)，which I refused.Many people thought highly of(高度 评价) me. 4．There was no doubt(怀疑) that people suffered a lot from the war，ships sunk(下 沉)，buildings exploded(爆炸)．
5．Please remove(脱掉) your coat worth(值??钱) 1,000 yuan before taking apart(拆 开) the machine. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段，记忆单元词汇) The castle of that dynasty was designed in a fancy style.One palace was decorated with carefully selected valuable and rare jewels and it had a beautiful entrance.To our amazement，it survived a great explosion once，which is evidently in doubt. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1．This was a time when the two countries were at war. 这是在两国交战时期。 2．However，the next King of Prussia，Frederick William Ⅰ，to whom the amber room belonged，decided not to keep it.然而，下一位普鲁士国王，腓特烈·威廉一世，这 个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。 3．Nor do I think they should give it to any government. 我认为他们不应该将它给任何一个政府。
Ⅰ.单项填空 1． There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent， 苏，25) A．is there C．is he 答案 A 解析 根据前面 there be 句里含有否定意义的词 little，所以反意疑问句用肯定形式， 其主谓应与陈述部分的主谓保持一致，故选 A 项。 2． This is not my story， nor the whole story.My story plays out differently. (2012·四川，5) A．is there C．is it 答案 C 解析 考查倒装句。nor 位于句首引起部分倒装，排除 B、D 两项；再根据句意“这并不 是(关于)我的故事，它也不是故事的全部。我的故事的结局不同。”用代词 it。故选 C。 (教材原句：Nor do I think they should give it to any government.) B．there is D．it is B．isn’t there D．isn’t he ？ (2012·江
clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. (2012·辽宁，26)
A．taking apart C．making up 答案 A
B．giving away D．turning off
解析 take apart 拆开。句意为：Rod 喜欢拆钟表，然而他无法把钟表再安装起来。give away 分发，捐赠，泄露；make up 弥补，占据；turn off 关闭。 (教材原句：The old man saw some Germans taking apart the Amber Room and removing it.) 4．The players summer (2011·湖南，23) A．selecting C．selected 答案 C 解析 句意为： (我们)期待从全国选出的运动员在这次夏季运动会中给我们带来荣誉。 由 句意可知运动员是被选出来的，此处只有 C 项可作后置定语表被动意义，故选 C。 (教材原句：The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow?brown colour like honey.) 5．Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others， made all the others upset. (2011·北京，26) A．who 答案 B 解析 句意为：玛丽对杰克要比对其他人好，这当然令其他人不快。分析题干可知，本题 为非限制性定语从句，关系代词指代整个主句的意思，故选项 B 正确。A 项指人；C 项不 能引导定语从句；D 项不能引导非限制性定语从句。 (考查单元语法) Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1． Whether the rabbit will be able to adapt quick enough to survive is a big question. (2012·浙江·阅读 A) 兔子能不能迅速适应并存活下来是个大问题。 2． Hobbies：reading and exchanging fancy gifts and ideas about local customs and conventions. B．which C．what D．that of course， B．to select D．having selected from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this game.
(2012·广东·信息匹配) 爱好有：读书、交换别致的礼物和对当地习俗的看法。 3． The argument is based on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their intellectual (智力的) growth by learning situations that are designed for the average children. (2011·广东·完形) 这种争论认为在普通班里， 这些孩子的智力发展会受到阻碍， 因为学习环境是为普通孩子 设计的。 4．He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay positive.Then he offered to take me to Royal Oak to search for a job.
(2011·安徽·完形) 他询问了我的计划，鼓励我继续保持积极的心态，并主动提出带我去 Royal Oak 找工作。 Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1． 你知道，自从你走后我一直想你，所以我希望英语竞赛一结束就去北京看你。(miss) (2011·山东·写作) You know, I have been missing you since you left, so I hope to see you in Beijing after the English contest. 2． 曾经被毁的地方现在变成了一个充满活力的学校，真是不可思议。(amazing) (2011·福建·书面表达) It is really amazing that the once?ruined place has now been turned into a beautiful school, full of life. 历年高考热点：take apart，select，survive， fancy，design，search for，miss，amazing 等的用法。 2014 考点预测：survive，fancy，belong，design，worthy， take apart，in search of，think highly of 等的用法。
1 survive 双语释义 vt.幸存； 幸免于难(to continue to live)； 比??活的时间长(to live longer than)；vi.幸存；存活 学情诊断 (1)翻译句子 ①Only a few buildings there survived the earthquake. 那里只有一些建筑物没有毁于地震。
②His wife survived him by another 20 years. 他妻子比他多活了 20 年。 (2)She was the only one to A．arrive C．survive of 答案 B the crash.She was so lucky. B．survive D．exist
归纳拓展 survive sth.幸免于??；从??中活下来 A survive B by＋时间 A 比 B 多活多长时间 survive on 靠??存活下来 the survival of the fittest 适者生存 2 fancy 双语释义 v．想要，想做(feel like)；自认为是，自命为；真想不到，竟然；认为，想 象(imagine)；n.想象的事物；想象(力)(fantasy)；想要；爱好 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Don’t fancy that you can succeed without hard work. 不要幻想不努力也会成功。 ②We can’t fancy his doing such a thing.
我们想不到他会做出这样的事情。 ③She fancies herself as a famous actress. 她自以为是一位有名的演员。 (2)We can hardly fancy him A．to finish C．is finishing 答案 D 解析 句意为：我们想不到他一个人能完成这项辛苦的工作。fancy 想象，设想，后面 接动名词作宾语。 归纳拓展 fancy that...以为?? fancy ? one’s? doing sth.想象? 某人? 做某事 the hard work alone. B．finishes D．finishing
to be...? 认为某人??
fancy sb.as...认为某人是?? fancy oneself 自负，自命不凡，自以为了不起 Fancy that！真想不到！真是不可思议！ 易错提示 fancy 用作动词时，后接动名词作宾语，而不接动词不定式；常用于感叹句中，表示“没 想到”。 3 belong
双语释义 vi.属于(to be owned by)；为??的一员(to be a member of) 学情诊断 (1)一句多译 A：这辆车是谁的？ ①Who(m) does this car belong to? ②Whose car is this? B：把椅子放回原处。 ①Put this chair back where it belonged. ②Put this chair back where it was. (2)I think it’s an animal A．belongs to C．belonging to 答案 C 解析 句意为：我认为那是一只猫科动物。空处应该作定语修饰 animal，可排除 A 项； animal 和 belong to 之间为主动关系， 故用现在分词 belonging to 表主动， 相当于 which belongs to。 归纳拓展 belong to属于 易错提示 belong to 属于，没有进行时态和被动形式。 4 design 双语释义 n．设计；布局；安排(arrangement)；打算(plan)；意图(intention)；构思； the cat family. B．belonged to D．to belong to
v.设计；构思；计划；制订(make，plan or intend)
学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①The houses are specially designed for the old people. 这些房子是专门为老年人设计的。 ②These exercises are designed to develop and strengthen muscles. 这些练习是为了增强肌肉而设计的。 ③She did this by design，knowing it would annoy me. 她明知会让我生气，却故意那么做。 (2)I like the television programme A．designed to C．is designed to educate not merely entertain. B．designed for D．is designed for
答案 A 解析 be designed to do...目的是做??，在句中作后置定语，修饰 programme，所 以用过去分词形式，排除 C 项。be designed for 中 for 为介词，后面要接名词或动名 词，故排除 B、D 两项。 归纳拓展 by design? ＝on purpose? 故意地，有意地
be designed to do...目的是做??；打算做?? be designed for...为??而打算/设计 design sth.for...为某目的或用途而制造或计划 5 worthy adj.值得的，有价值的；配得上的 学情诊断 一句多译 这家科技馆很值得参观。 (1)The science museum is well worth visiting/a visit. (2)The science museum is worthy of being visited. (3)The science museum is worthy to be visited. (4)It’s worthwhile visiting the science museum. (5)It’s worthwhile to visit the science museum. 归纳拓展 表示“某事值得做”或“做某事是值得的”的句型： ? ? ? 1? 2? 3? sth. is worth doing/a＋名词? visit，...?
sth. is worthy to be done/of being done It is worthwhile doing sth./to do sth. worth，worthy，worthwhile
worth，worthy，worthwhile 都有“值得的”之义，但结构和所作成分不尽相同。 worth 作表语，意为“值得的”，常见结构为：be worth＋n./pron./doing worthy 作表语，意为“值得的”；作定语，意为“值得尊敬的；值得注意的”，常见结 ? ?of＋n./being done 构为：be worthy? ?to be done ? worthwhile 作 表 语 或 定 语 ， 意 为 “ 值 得 的 ” ， 常 见 结 构 为 ： It be ? ?doing sth. worthwhile? ?to do sth. ? 一言辨异 用 worth，worthy，worthwhile 填空
It is (1)worthwhile to travel to Beijing which is (2)worth visiting，that is, which is (3)worthy of being visited.
6 take apart 双语释义 拆散，拆开(separate)；严厉抨击(criticize severely) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Then her husband lost his job，and the plan fell apart. 接着，她丈夫失去了工作，计划崩溃了。 ②Take the watch apart and see if you can see what’s wrong with it. 把手表拆开，看看你能不能检查出什么毛病。 ③Apart from being too large，it just doesn’t suit me.除了太大以外，它对我 也不合适。 (2)Though young，he succeeded in taking it together without any difficulty. A．out C．apart 答案 C 解析 take sth.apart 把某物分开/拆开，符合语境。 归纳拓展 tell...apart 分清；区别，辨别 apart from...除??以外 fall apart 崩溃 7 in search of 双语释义 寻找(looking for) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①Scientists are in search of a cure for the disease. ②After a long search for the murder weapon，the police found a knife. ③We’ve searched out some of your favourite recipes. ④She searched in vain for her passport. (2)一句多译 警察正在那一区域搜寻凶犯。 ①The police were in search of the murderer in the area. ②The police were searching for the murderer in the area. ③The police were searching the area for the murderer. B．down D．up the machine skillfully and putting
归纳拓展 search for sb./sth.搜寻；查找某人/物 search a place/person for...搜查某处/某人找?? search sb./sth. out 搜寻到，找出；查到某人/物 search high and low 四处翻遍 8 think highly/well/much of 双语释义 对??评价高(have a very good opinion of) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①We all think very highly/well/much of her. 我们都非常看重她。 ②I gave a lot of thought to the matter. 我反复思考过这个问题。 ③He dived in after her without a second thought. 他不假思索地随她跳入水中。 (2)Our English teacher loves us very much and he A．thinks well of C．is well thought of 答案 C 解析 句意为：我们英语老师非常爱我们并且他深受好评。think well of 对??评价 高，此处用了被动语态。 归纳拓展 give thought to 反复思考，考虑 on second thought? s? 又一想，转念一想 .
B．is thought well D．is well thinking
without a second thought 立即；马上；不假思索 think about 考虑,think over 仔细考虑
1. Frederick William Ⅰ could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. Frederick William Ⅰ绝没有想到他送给俄国人民的伟大的礼物将会有如此惊人的历史。 句型公式：情态动词＋have done
学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①You could have used my pen at the meeting.I wasn’t using it. 你本可以在会上用我的钢笔的，我当时没用它。 ②Tom shouldn’t have told me your secret，but he meant no harm. 汤姆本不该把你的秘密告诉我，但他没有恶意。 (2)What he said didn’t mean to hurt Mary，but he felt A．he could express B．he could have expressed C．he would express D．he must have expressed 答案 B 解析 could have done 表示本来能够做某事，但事实上未做。 归纳拓展 情态动词＋have done 表对过去情况的推测与估计： ? ? ? ? ? 1? 2? 3? 4? 5? could have done sth.本来能做??? 过去本来能做而未做? it differently.
should have done sth.本应该做??? 过去本应该做而未做? must＋have done sth.一定??? 对过去发生的事情的肯定推测?
needn’t have done sth.本来不必做??? 过去不必做却做了? might/may have done sth.可能做了??? 过去可能做了某事，可能性小
2 There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg... 毫无疑问，这些箱子后来被装到了开往哥尼斯堡的火车上?? 句型公式：There is no doubt that... 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①I doubt whether he’ll win the game or not. 我怀疑他是否会赢得比赛。 ②They had no doubt that the price of houses will fall. 他们不怀疑房价会下降。 (2)There is no doubt honesty. A．whether；for C．what；about 答案 B B．that；about D．why；of he’s an honest boy, so there is no doubt his
解析 第一空 doubt 用在否定句中，用 that 引导同位语从句；第二空表示对某事的怀 疑，用介词 about。
归纳拓展 There is no doubt that... 毫无疑问?? in doubt 不肯定；不确定 without/beyond doubt 毫无疑问；的确 no doubt 无疑；确实地 易错提示 (1)doubt 作动词时： ①在肯定句中接 whether/if 引导的宾语从句。 ②在否定句、疑问句中后跟 that 引导的宾语从句。 (2)doubt 作名词时： ①在肯定句中接 whether 引导的同位语从句。 ②在否定句中用 that 引导同位语从句。 3.单元语法：限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句 学情诊断 用定语从句合并改写下列两个句子 (1)I was invited to join by my neighbor.He has been a League member for three years. →I was invited to join by my neighbor，who has been a League member for three years. (2)The film brought the hours back to me.I was taken good care of in that faraway village in that time. →The film brought the hours back to me when I was taken good care of in that faraway village. (3)Our friends missed the train again.They are always late for everything. →Our friends，who are always late for everything，missed the train again. (4)He doesn’t go to the Great Wall.The man is not a true man. →He who doesn’t go to the Great Wall is not a true man. (5)Can you lend me the book？You talked about it last night. →Can you lend me the book about which you talked last night？
Ⅰ.根据英文释义写出下列单词 1．select：to choose carefully 2．survive：to manage to live or continue in difficulties 3．remove：to take something away 4．rare：not seen or found very often 5．former：of an earlier period or time；happening before Ⅱ.语境填词 worth，design，debate，survive，amaze 1．Harry was lucky to have survived the war. 2．The experiment was an amazing success. 3．They debated whether the old building should be pulled down or not. 4．The novel is not worth reading. 5．The building has been specially designed to provide easy access for people in wheelchairs. Ⅲ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1．The artist spent 10 years on this work.It took the artist 10 years to finish this work 2．He was too weak to take the table away.remove the table 3．It’s certain that the boxes were then taken to Germany by train.There is no doubt 4．People praise those who make great contributions to our country.think highly of 5．What can I do for the help you gave me？in return for your help Ⅳ.微写作(6) 写作素材 1．昨天我去书店搜寻一位艺术家的绘画集。 2．人们高度评价这位艺术家。 3．绘画集中很多画构思独特。 4．确实值得购买。 提示：黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Yesterday I went to the bookstore in search of a famous artist’s selected paintings，which were highly thought of.Many of the paintings have fancy designs， so they’re really worth buying. Ⅴ.微语法(6)——as 与 which 引导非限 制性定语从句的用法
(课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1．When deeply absorbed in work， eating (2012·北京，26) A．that C．where 答案 B 解析 句意为：当他全身心地投入工作中时，他就会废寝忘食，而他经常这样(全身心地 B．which D．when or he often was，he would forget all about sleeping.
投入工作)。由引导词前面的逗号可知，这是一个非限制性定语从句，所以首先排除 that。 由定语从句的 was 可知， 定语从句缺少表语， 所以排除在定语从句中作状语的 where 和 when。故选 B 项。 2．It is the third time that she has won the race， (2012·陕西，14) A．that C．which 答案 C 解析 考查定语从句。所填词前有逗号，是非限制性定语从句，先行词是整个主句，关系 词在从句中作主语，故选 C 项。其余选项与题干不符。 3．The air quality in the city， the (2012·福建，23) A．that C．as 答案 C 解析 句意为： 正如报告中所显示的， 这个城市的空气质量在过去的两个月已经得到了改 善。分析句子结构可知，两个逗号之间的部分为非限制性定语从句，that 不能用于引导 非限制性定语从句，it 和 what 不能作定语从句的引导词。 4．Yesterday she sold her car， A．when 答案 D 解析 which 引导非限制性定语从句，充当 bought 的宾语。that 不能引导非限制性定语 从句。 5． A．It is known to everybody，the moon travels round the earth once every month. B．As C．That D．Which B．where she bought a month ago. C．that D．which B．it D．what past is shown in the report，has improved over two months. B．where D．what has surprised us all.
答案 B 解析 句意为： 众所周知， 月球每个月围绕地球转一圈。 所填选项引导非限制性定语从句， 指代后面整个主句，故用 as 引导，意为“正如”。it 不能引导定语从句；that 不能引导 非限制性定语从句； which 引导先行词是整个主句的非限制性定语从句时， 不能置于句首。
第 4 讲 复合句原来不复杂(1)——名词性从句 名词性从句通常由从属连词(that，whether，if)、连接代词(who，what，which)、连 接副词(when，where，why，how)引导。名词性从句都不能用逗号和主句分开。 (1)What is the most important is that I often surf on an English website—EnjoyReading, in which it offers the latest news，reading materials and so on. (2012·山东·写作)
最重要的是我经常浏览英语网站——享受阅读——网站里提供最新的信息、 阅读材料等 等。 (2)He thinks (that) it is never too late to challenge oneself to achieve something worthwhile. (2012·广东·基础写作) 他认为为了获取有价值的东西进行自我挑战永远不会晚。 (3)From the letter，the writer learnt how great an influence a teacher might have (2012·广东·读写任务) 从这封信中，作者得知老师对学生的影响是多么的巨大。 (4)Therefore，I firmly believe that our future is in our own hands. 江·书面表达) 因此，我坚信我们的未来在我们自己的手中。 (5)One of them is that we can find a variety of topics, such as science，culture and history. (2012·辽宁·书面表达) 其中一点就是我们可以发现很多话题，例如科学、文化和历史。 (6)My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are. (2012·浙 over his students.
(7)In reality，we should learn from the black pencil：not to mind what others say so long as we are confident in what we have done.
(2012·北京·开放作文) 实际上，我们应该向黑色铅笔学习：只要坚信我们所做的，不要在意别人说什么。 (8)But what interests me most is literary books，especially those by famous writers. (2012·江西·书面表达) 但是最使我感兴趣的是文学书籍，尤其是那些著名作家写的。 即时训练 用名词性从句翻译下列句子 1．令我十分担心的是我在整合信息和语言运用方面一直有困难。(2012·山东·写作) What worries me a lot is that I am really having trouble in collecting information and using language. 2．毫无疑问，没有什么比接受教育更重要的事。 There’s no denying(doubt) that nothing is more important than to receive education. 3．有人建议立即采取行动。 It is suggested that action (should) be taken at once.