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全国新课标一卷短文改错专题攻克


Michael Hur

全国新课标一卷短文改错专题攻克
班级_______姓名_______
一、 高考真题再现 首先请同学看下面的一篇短文改错, 这是一篇高考真题。 熟悉题目要求, 了解试题难度。 高考真题: 第四部分写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假段定英语课上老师要求

同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nearly five years before ,and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden, since then---for all these year---we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please . As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors .Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problem. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at on cost! 二、 具体学习 下面我们步入短文改错的知识学习。 我们将从下列方面分析短文改错的特点及更有 效地解题。 1. 试题特点 2. 答题原则 3. 解题步骤 4. 常见错误归类

1 试题特点
从近几年的高考短文改错题看,试题具有下面的特点: 1.选材 短文改错的文体多为第一/三人称记叙文、 应用文(以书信为主)。 一般在 110 词左右。 所选取的语言材料贴近实际生活,多为考生所熟知,且话题贴近学生,有的带点幽默, 有的包含教育意义。文字浅显易懂,材料中没有生僻、超纲的词汇;句子结构简单,基 本上是简单句和并不复杂的复合句;语言地道,符合英语语言习惯。 2.考点 短文改错所考查的词类覆盖面广,分布合理。其重点是从句法、词法和行文逻辑等 角度考查考生在语篇中综合运用英语的能力, 同时兼顾句型结构、 习惯搭配等。 有无错、 错词、缺词和多词等四种可能。错词现象主要出现在名词单复数、动词时态、非谓语动 词、连词、介词、主谓一致、代词、词形(指应该用动词、名词还是形容词形式,以及
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Michael Hur

平行结构中词的正确形式)、冠词;缺词现象主要出现在冠词(名词前)、介词(不及物动 词后或固定结构中)、助动词、不定式符号 to、连词、语义不完整现象等方面;多词现 象主要出现在冠词、介词、助动词、连词、语义重复及行文逻辑等方面。 作为一个与时俱进的新题型,新课标试卷中的短文改错是考生失分较多的题型。原因有 两个方面:一是错误的不确定性。这主要是因为和传统的短文改错相比,新课标短文改 错每行可能有两个错误。 二是因为设错的内容多为考生在平常进行语言操练时常犯的错 误。

2 答题原则
答题原则应牢记在心 1.“规范性”原则:要严格按照示范规定的符号改错。要记住错词纠正、缺词填补、 多词删除对应的修改标志。切忌用文字说明或用箭头表示。 2.“四不改”原则:①单词拼写不改;②大小写不改;③词序错误不改(应从错词或 少词方面考虑);④标点符号不改。 3.“五改动”原则:①忠实于原文原则(不可改变原文的原意);②一对一原则(一行 一错,一错一词);③错误以改动最少为原则;④虚词以添加或者删除为原则;⑤实词 以改变形式为原则。

3 解题步骤
一共四步,分别是: 1. 浏览短文,弄清大意 因短文改错主要考查考生在篇章结构中对英语语言知识的综合运用能力, 所以考生 在做短文改错题时,首先应浏览短文,弄清短文大意,并在浏览的同时注意两个问题: 一是要顺便改出那些较明显的错误,二是要对语意不通的地方(即有行文逻辑错误的地 方)初步作好记号。 2. 逐句研读,逐行改错 通过浏览短文,弄清大意(同时还改出了部分明显错误)之后,下一步就是要逐句研 读。这里我们强调考生要逐“句”去读、逐“句”去改,因为短文改错题只有一句一句地研 读,才能弄清句子意思,把握句子结构,从而为改错奠定基础(若是行文逻辑方面的错 误,我们不仅要逐句读,而且还要联系上下文通篇地读);只有一句句地读懂了短文意 思,你才算大功告成。 3. 对照考点,推敲难点 通过以上两步,你应该已经改出了一些错误,假若第一步浏览短文,你顺便改出了 二、三处错误,第二步逐句研读,又改出了三、四处错误,现在还剩下三、四处的错误 未改出,怎么办呢?此时你就可以走捷径了,这条捷径就是要“对照考点”改错。通过下 面的题型研究, 我们知道短文改错题中的考点具有较好的稳定性。 比如在正常情况下“动 词时态”、“非谓语动词”、“冠词”、“介词”、“形容词和副词”、“名词单复数”、“各类从
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句的引导词”等,是几乎每年都出现的。如果你心中装着这些考点,那么你现在就可以 对照这些考点改错了。比如:假若你在已经找出的错误中你没有发现 “时态”错误,那 么建议你重点去找找时态方面的错误;假若在你已经找出的错误中你没有发现“非谓语 动词”错误,那么建议你重点去找找非谓语动词的错误,等等。我们认为这样与各考点 一一对照,你一定会有“收获”的。另外还要利用多词句、缺词句、无错句等错误类型的 分布规律来判断难点。 4. 通读短文,最后复查 最后这一步其实很重要,当你改完所有错误之后,然后你要再将改正后的短文通读 一遍,最后从“语感”方面检查一次,看看有没有行文不畅的地方,读起来拗口的地方等 等,若有就应该再修改一下。另外在最后复查一步还要将你找出的错误与常考考点(如 动词时态、非谓语动词、名词单复数、冠词等)以及设错句类型(如无错句、多词句、缺 词句等)进行大致的对照,看看它们是不是基本“到位”了。

4 常见错误归类
常见错误举例分析 1.不一致性 主要包括:主、谓语不一致;时态不一致;语态不一致;名词的单、复数不一致; 代词指代不一致;搭配不一致等。 【典例】 …care what the rest of us thought about her. Like the rest of my classmate… 【解析】 考查名词的单、复数一致。classmate 改为 classmates。 2.行文逻辑 这种错误主要是运用行文逻辑, 考查连接手段。 谨记两种句式: 并列句(并列连词), 复合句(从属连词);六种关系:转折关系,选择关系,层递关系,并列关系,因果关系, 同位关系;一种变化:语义的曲折变化。如:肯定与否定,方位与时空的转移等。 【典例】 After we left, I said, “That was very nice of you, Mother. So I didn’t think she looked like Grandma.” 【解析】 考查行文逻辑。So 改为 But。根据前后语境,此处应表示转折关系。 3.词性、词形 主要包括名词的单复数变化、代词的词形变化以及形容词和副词的词形变化。弄清 词性与词性之间的相互修饰关系。比如:形容词修饰名词,副词修饰形容词、动词、分 词等。 【典例】 …black sports shoes and a black sweater , even in the summer. She was, in fact, rather attractively,… 【解析】 考查词性错误。attractively 改为 attractive。作表语,应该用形容词。 4.动词的变化 主要包括时态的词形变化、被动语态的词形变化、非谓语动词的词形变化以及第三 人称单数等。 【典例】 “Excuse me,” she said, put her arm around the unhappy old woman. 【解析】 考查非谓语动词。put 改为 putting。此处是分词短语作伴随状语。she 与 put 是主谓关系,故用现在分词。
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5.特殊疑问词、连词和引导词 【典例】No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going. 【解析】 考查特殊疑问词。what 改为 how。句意是:如何让对方知道情况的进展, 故应用 how。 6.多词错误 多词错误一般有如下几种类型:(1)受母语思维影响,出现汉语式结构;(2)不明词 义内涵,造成词义重叠;(3)介词多余;(4)助动词、系动词多余;(5)多冠词;(6)定语从 句中的成分重复;(7)程度副词和频率副词,如 much,more,often 等的多余;(8)多余 小品词 to 等。 【典例】 I never knew much about her except for that she was strange. 【解析】 考查多余介词。去掉 for。except that 直接接宾语从句,无需再用介词 for。 7.缺词错误 缺词现象常见有: (1)缺系动词; (2) 缺介词; (3) 缺冠词、 物主代词等限定词; (4) 在 定语从句中缺关系代词或关系副词;(5) 缺连接词; (6) 缺否定词;(7) 缺不定式符号 to 等。 【典例】I noticed Mother looking at a nearby table occupied by an elderly woman and young couple. 【解析】 在 young 之前加上 a。从下文可知是一对夫妇,所以需加冠词。 三、 练习


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处, 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My friend Nick told me story about his experience back in the US, which was very interested. One day he was having a yard sale and the old man living next door come by to help. As the old man looked over the things on the yard that were to be sold, he stopped at a box of golden ball for Christmas trees. On the box was a card say:“25 cents each.” “You will never sell these for that much,” he told Nick. Convinced,Nick has brought the price up to 10 cents a piece. Without a moment’s delay,my neighbor picked up the box but announced:“I’ll take them.”


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Michael Hur

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Mrs. Winthrop, So my first week at college is over! No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going. I’m glad to say that anything has worked out fine in the dorm. I remember asking for a room as far away from the lifts as possible and they find me a comfortable one on second floor. There are two girls from my course here and I plan to make friend with them so that we can help each other on the course work. Everyone else seems very nice and warmly here. Well, I had better to stop now. I’m going to attend mine first lesson this afternoon, for I’ve got some preparation to make. Keep in touch. Best, Carol


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Good morning! Today, my topic is the valuable of time. Time, like the proverb says, is money. This means that if our time is good spent, it will turn out a lot of useful and important piece of work when the proper opportunity come. Although all time is precious, the time of our youth is more precious than any period of our existence because this is the period which we can acquire
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Michael Hur

knowledge and develop our abilities. If we allow these morning hours to slip away, we shall never able to make up the loss. Let those who think nothing of waste time remember this. Thank you for your listening!

答案:一

【 答 案】
答案二:

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Michael Hur

答案:三.

短文改错精练
文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。 错误涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 在每行的下面改。 A One day I went to the market and find many beautiful birds in few cages for sale. I heard two young men talked. One said, “I caught eight bird like these last Sunday, but not a single one
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was alive next morning.” Oh, God! The birds are being killed. The number is reducing year to year. Birds, like other animals, are our friends. They set a lot of pests and make our nature beautifully. So we must do something to protect it from killed. We hope how everyone will care about them. B Before I came to Finland to attend this meeting two weeks before,I had no ideas what kind of clothes I should take along. Fortunately, my friend Julia had gone to Northern Europe. Yes,she was a great help. She bought for me some warm suits and dress, business type of clothes, of course, of dark colours. She also bought me some skirts and blouses so that I could wear same clothes in several ways. Live coloured dresses would give me a nicer change ti me to time. She also helped me to choose a very warm raincoat and a pair of boots. Oh, how luck I am to have such a helpful friend. He saved me a lot of trouble. C Dear Stephen, It’s very kind for you to write me and let me know about your beautiful city. Now I’d like tell you something about my hometown Zhengzhou.The city stood on the bank of the Yellow River. It is a beautiful place for people to live in. Its economy has been developing rapid in the past ten years. New factories, houses and roads have built. More schools and hospitals are available for its people. Therefore, there is still some problems, such as air pollution and heavy traffic in rush hours. In my opinion, Zhengzhou should develop their economy scientifically. I would also think that the growth of its population should be bring under the control so that we’ll have a b etter hometown in future. Yours, Li Jun D Most families in China hoped their single children will have a happy future, so they are very strict in their children. So do teachers in schools! Many children are given so many homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports. The children are forbidden to do anything but to study. No wonder so many children are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and teachers! I believe many people already read this kind of news in newspapers or magazines. Shouldn’t we draw lesson from the accidents? Now our government is carry out a plan to solve the education problems. E Football is most popular game in England. We can’t see this from any match. Rich and poor, young and old, football fans can be seen everywhere, shouted and cheering for one side or the
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other. One of the surprised thing about football in England to a stranger is the great knowledge of the game which still the smallest boy seems to have it. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important team, he has photographs of them and he know the results of large numbers of matches. He will tell you his opinion which is usually as valuable as one of the adults. F Dear Chen Li, I’m very glad to hear from you. You ask me about the difficulties you may meet when yo u get here. Now, I’d like tell you something about it. First, you may have the problem for the

language. You may find it difficulty to communicate with the natives, because many of them have strong accent. Besides, you may not get used to Western food. What’s worse, you will miss your family and friends, especially in the first few week after you get here. However, you don’t have to worry about, and I will try my best to help you. When are you setting off? I’m expect you here. yours Tom G On making friends In life we can har dly do it without friends. There are many difficults and problems that we can’t overcome with only their own efforts. Besides, we need friends to share our joys and sorrows; otherwise, we will suffer loneliness. However, all friends can help us when we are in great need. So what on earth is true friendship? As a popular saying went, “A friend in need is a friend indeed.” True friends are those which never desert you when you are in need. On a contrary, they will offer you sincere help even at the cost of their own interest. However,they will encourage you to stick to what is right or avoid what is wrong or illegal. In conclusion, true friendship lies in sincerity and self-sacrifice. H As we all know it, we are what we eat. Therefore, it’s very important of us to form healthy eating habits. However, bad eating habits are still very common among we students. Some of us often went to schoo l without breakfast; some like to have snacks; some other are particular about food; and still some eat or drink too much. All these bad habits will surely do harm to our health. To keep fit, we should have various healthy diets, that generally include proper amounts of fish, meat, vegetable, f ruit as well as main food. Besides, we’d better have meals regular and form good habits to build up a strong body. Only by this way can we have enough energy to study better. I
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It rained very hardly last summer and the little stream near our house became big river. It burst through the bank. The fields all round was soon full of water. Lucky, the water didn’t reach any of the house in our village. But the burshing water from the river carried away our wooden bridge, that was over three hundred of years old. We were very sorry to lose the oldest thing we have had for such a long time. We will build a new bridge, so it will not be so familiar than the one we had before! J Dear friends, I’m glad to have had this chance to speak to so many friends.My dream is to be a teacher. Some students may wonder how,as they think being a teacher is hard while their pay is little. T herefore, I have my own ideas about that.As we all know, the teacher is too important and necessary for social and economic development. I has had the dream becoming a teacher since my childhood. I love being with child because they make me feel young, energetic and happy. In the fact, I think I can teach the next generation to be useful people who will be able to serve their country. That’s all. Thank you. Yours, Li Hua [答案] A 1.find→found。本文叙述的是过去某一天发生的事,动词应用一般过去时。 2.few→a few。“few”有否定意味,此句为肯定句,所以用 a few 表示“一些”。 3.talked→talking。hear sb. doing sth.是固定搭配。 4.bird→birds。bird 前有 eight 来修饰,应该用复数 5.next 前加 the。表示过去某个时候的第二天早晨,应用 the next morning。 6.to→by。year by ye ar 是固定词组,表示“年复一年,逐年”。 7.beautifully→beautiful。此处作宾语补足语,应用形容词形式。 8.it→them。指代错误。此处指代上文中的 birds,所以应用 them。 9.在 killed 后加 being。鸟是被杀的,且介词 from 后要用 ing 形式作宾语。 10.how 去掉或改为 that。此处应是一个关系代词来引导宾语从句,how 不能做关系代 词,所以应用 that 或省略 that。 B 1.第二个 before→ago。考查副词的用法。根据此句时态可知,应将 before 改为 ago。 2.ideas→idea。名词单数误用为复数。have no idea=don’t know 意为“不知道”。 3.gone→been。考查句意理解。根据句意可知,“我”的朋友去过北欧。故此处应用 been。
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Michael Hur

4.去掉 for。介词冗余。buy 的间接宾语后置时才加介词 for。 5.dress 后加 es。 dress 要和 suits,并列。故用复数 6.same 前加 the。考查冠词用法。此处表示特指,same 前应加上冠词 the。 7.live→lively。考查形容词辨析。live 作形容词讲时,意为“活的,有生命的”;lively 意思是“(颜色)鲜明的,艳丽的”。后者符合句意。 8.change 后加 from。考查固定搭配。from time to time“不时地,偶尔地,间或”。 9.luck→lucky。词性错误。此处应用形容词,作 am 的表语。 10.He→She。代词性别指代错误。从上下文可知这是“我”的一位女性朋友 C 1.for→of。It’s very kind of sb. to do sth.为固定句型。 2.在 like 后加 to。would like to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“想要做某事”。 3.stood→stands。上下文均为一般现在时,且此处叙述的是一般事实,故用 stands。 4.rapid→rapidly。develop 为实义动词,应用副词修饰。 5.在 have 与 built 之间加 been。主语与动词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,故应用被动 语态 。 6.Therefore→However。前后是转折关系,而非因果关系。 7.is→are。there be 句型遵循就近一致的原则,其后的名词 problems 是复数,所以谓语 动词应用 are。 8.their→its。上下文都有暗示,此处指代“郑州的”,应用 its。 9.Bring→-brought 10.去掉 the。bring...under control“将??置于控制之下,控制住??”。 D 1.hoped 改为 hope 5. have sports 前加 to 9. lesson 前加 a E 1.is 后加 the。考查冠词。形容词最高级前面常加定冠词 the。 2.can’t→can。考查行文逻辑。根据上下文可推出,此句应是一个肯定句。 3.shouted→shouting。考查现在分词作状语。此处是由 and 连接的两个现在分词作状语,表 示伴随。 4.surprised→surprising。 考查动词-ed 和动词-ing 的区别。surprising 表示令人吃惊的事。 说明事态所具有的特征或特点时,用动词-ing 形式的形容词;若表示主语的某种感受时,
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2. in 改为 with 6. but 后的 to 去掉

3. do 改为 are 7. his 改为 their

4.many 改为 much 8.already 前加 have

10. carry 改为 carrying

Michael Hur

则用动词-ed 形式的形容词。 5.thing→things。考查名词的单复数。此处表示“令人吃惊的事情中的一件事”,所以介词 of 后的名词应用复数形式。 6.still→even。考查副词辨析。此处表示“在英格兰甚至一个最小的小孩都掌握了大量的有 关足球的知识”。still“仍然,还”;even“甚至”,表示强调。 7.去掉 it。考查定语从句。此处不定式中 have 的逻辑宾语是前面的“the great knowledge of the game”,不能再用代词 it。 8.team---teams 9.know→knows。考查主谓一致。主语是 he,谓语动词应用第三人称单数形式。 10.one→that。考查代词。one 表泛指,用在此处不合适,因其后有定语限制故应用 that 指 代。 F 1.ask→asked。此处叙述的是对方在上一次来信中询问的内容,所以用一般过去时。 2.Tell 前加 to 3.it →them。此处指代的是上一句中的 the difficulties。 4.for→of/with。此处表示的是语言问题,而 for 通常用来表示“为了”。 5.difficulty→difficult。此处是形容词作宾语补足语。 6.strong 前加 a。accent 通常与不定冠词连用,表示“一种口音”。 7.worse→more。此处表示的是递进关系,所以用 What’s more,意思是“并且”,上 文中的 besides 也是暗示。What’s worse 表示“更糟糕的是”,不符合所给语境。 8.week→we eks。few 用来修饰复数名词。 9.去掉 about。worry about 后没有宾语,因此要去掉介词 about。 10.expect→expecting。此处是现在进行时,表示现阶段正在发生的事情 G 1.去掉 it。考查固定搭配。do without sb./sth.是固定搭配,常与 can 和 could 连用,意思是 “不用或没有某人(某物)也行”。如:He cannot do without (the service of) a secretary.他不能 没有秘书(的协助)。 2.difficults→difficulties。词性误用。difficult 是个形容词。此处应用名词 difficulty 的 复数形式。 3.their→our。代词的误用。句意:有许多困难和问题是我们仅依靠自己的努力所克服 不了的。由句意可知,其中的物主代词应与其人称代词 we 保持一致。 4.suffer 后加 from。考查固定搭配。suffer 后面直接接名词时,意为“受到,遭到”;
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Michael Hur

而 suffer from 意为“受??之苦”。比较:He has suffered punishment.他已经遭到惩罚。He often suffers from headaches.他经常头痛。 5.all 前加 not。逻辑错误。However 一词的转折表明以下所讲并非都是朋友的好处, 此处意为“并非所有的朋友都能帮助我们”。 6.went→goes。考查动词时态。谚语一般不随时间推移而发生变化,故应用一般现在 时。 7.which→who。考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,those 指的是人,后面定语从句的 引导词应用 who。 8. a→the。考查固定短语。On the contrary 恰恰相反。 9.However→Moreover。考查副词的用法。根据上下文内容可知,此处是递进关系, 而非转折关系。 10.or→and。考查连词。根 据句子大意“而且,他们将鼓励你坚持正确的东西,并避 免错误的或是非法的东西”可知,两个不定式是并列关系,而非选择关系,故应将 or 改为 and。 H 1.去掉第一个 it。在 as 引导的非限制性定语从句中,as 本身在从句中作宾语。 2.of→for。只有在表示感激、嘲笑或责备等主观感情或态度时,不定式的逻辑主语前 才用介词 of;在表客观情形时,不定式的逻辑主语前一般用 for。 3.we→us。among 是介词,后面应该接代词的宾格形式。 4.went→go。此处说的是一些同学经常进行的动作。 5.other→others。此处需要用表示复数意义的代词。 6. drinks→drink。 drink 和 eat 是并列谓语, 主语是 some 指“一些学生”, 所以应用 drink。 7.that→which。用 which 引导非限制性定语从句。 8.vegetable→vegetables。“蔬菜”一词除作定语时用单数外,一般用其复数形式。 9.regular→regularly。副词作状语,修饰动词。 10.by→in / way→means 考查固定短语的搭配。in this way /by this means. I 第 1 处.hardly→hard。hardly“几乎不”,语境为“雨下得很大”,故应将 hardly 改为 hard。 第 2 处.big 前加 a。a big river“一条大河”。可数名词前通常带冠词,这里表泛指, 用 a。 第 3 处.was→were。前面的主语为 fields,依照主谓一致原则应把 was 改为 were。 第 4 处.Lucky→Luckily。作状语应该用副词。 第 5 处.house→houses。any of 后的名词应为复数,因此把 house 改为 houses。
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Michael Hur

第 6 处. that→which。 句中的逗号表明后面为非限制性定语从句, 因此把 that 改为 which。 第 7 处.去掉 of。介词 of 多余,因此去掉 of。 第 8 处.have→had。主句谓语部分 were very sorry to lose 为过去时,而拥有木桥是之前 持续的状态,因此把 have 改为 had。 第 9 处.so→but。前后句为转折关系,因此把 so 改为 but。 第 10 处.than→as。“我们”对新桥没有像老板那样熟悉了,句中使用了 not so...as... 句式,因此把 than 改为 as。 J 1.去掉 had。考查不定式的用法。当不定式所表示的动作在谓语动作之前发生时,不 定式才用完成式。但本句中“有机会讲话”应用一般式。 2.how→why。由下文的 as 引导的状语从句可知,此处指一些朋友想知道作者做教师 的原因。 3. little→low。 考查形容词的用法。 修饰 “报酬” 不能用 little/much 修饰, 而应用 low/high, 类似的名词还有:rent, price 等。 4.Therefore→However。考查连接副词的用法。根据语境可知,此处与前面内容存在 的转折关系。 5.too→very。考查常用副词的辨析。此处意为:教师对社会和经济的发展是非常重要 和必要的。too 在修饰形容词或副词时,意思是“太,过于” ,显然不合适,应该改成 very。 6.has→have。 7.dream 后加 of。考查介词的用法。dream 作动词接宾语时要加介词 of,作名词后面 有修饰语时也要加 介词 of。 8.child→children。名词复数误用为单数。根据 child 后面的“because they make me...” 可知,应用 child 的复数形式。 9.去掉第一个 the。考查固定搭配。in fact“事实上” 。 10.their→our。考查代词的指代。根据文意可知,此处表示“我想我能教育下一代并 使之成为服务‘我们’国家的有用人才” 。

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