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高三学生个性化辅导讲义--人物描写2010.11.26


高三学生个性化辅导讲义
第八章----基础型写作
(描写人物) 主要目标:进一步掌握基础型写作的特点。通过具体的,常用的,写作手法,让学生明白如 何在实际的实例中操练所学的语法知识和掌握如何去描写人。 主要内容:讲解如何描写人物的外部特征,思想状态和行为语言等。 教学目标:1. 掌握描写人物的习惯表达语和常用的词组。 2. 学习并灵活运用描写人物这类型文章中所运用的常用手法。 3. 正确掌握该类型文章的时态,人称代词和篇章结构的分布和组织情况。 预计课时:3 课时 教授方法:讲授,配以课堂实战练习。 引入部分: 1. 李华出生于 1980 年 2 月,江西临川。1996—2002 年在江西临川一中上学。2002—2006 年北京大学读书。 (只能两句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 鲁迅是著名的中国作家。 他不仅是作家, 思想家, 而且还是中国现代文学的开创者。 (只

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能两句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 王梅,女,16 岁。在北京阳光中学读书。爱好音乐,摄影,看书和打篮球。平时善于

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与人交流,乐于助人。 (只能两句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 翟志刚,男,1966 年 10 月出生,出生于黑龙江省龙江县龙江镇龙西村。 (只能用一句 话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Abraham Lincoln 是一个贫苦家庭的孩子,从小勤奋学习。 (只能用一句话)

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_______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 在她的一生中,她获得了许多奖项。其中包括获得“2005 年感动中国年度人物”的称

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号。 (只能用一句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 7. 雷锋给我们树立了一个良好的榜样,很多人都很尊敬他。 (只能用一句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 巴拉克.奥巴马出生于 1961 年 8 月 4 日,夏威夷檀香山(Honolulu, Hawaii)。2008 你那

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11 月 4 日,在大选(the general election)中击败麦肯恩(John McCain), 成为美国第 44 任 总统,首位黑人总统。(只能是两句话) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

记叙文 写人
词句背吧 Be appointed as??被任命为??. Be concerned with?与??有关 Be famous for?.因??.而闻名 Take an active part in 积极参加 Make a contribution to?.对??.做出贡献 Make progress 取得进步 常用的表达方式 1. A. B. C. 介绍人物的姓名,出身 She was born in Beijing on Oct. 12, 1986. She was a great woman with the name of …… Born into a poor family, she …… Work as be born in 担任??. 出生于

in one’ spare time 在某人闲暇时间 s be full of energy 精力充沛 be well thought of 深受好评

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2. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H.

介绍家庭背景 …..was born into a poor /rich family his/her family was so poor that….. his/her family was very strict with him/her….. the son of a poor family When he was a small boy/young During his/her childhood Spend his childhood in…. Live a happy/hard life 介绍教育背景 be admitted to……college’ graduate from…. Department of ……University When at college, he majored in……. Receive a doctor’s degree Go abroad for further studies 介绍生活总的一些相关情况 be interested in…../be fond of….. work hard at….. serve as…. Devote his lifetime /himself to…. Do sth with great determination and perseverance. Win a prize/the first prize in….competition. Receive/obtain/win the Nobel Prize for….. Make rapid progress in…. Set a new world record of…. be selected to/become a member of….. 关于人物评价 one of the best/most important….. be respected by everyone speak/think highly of….. be honored as…. His handwork brought him great success His heroic story spread all over the city. Consistency/perseverance is the key to success.

3. A. B. C. D. E.

4. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J.

5. A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

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H. I. J.

Be famous/well-known as… Become a world champion at …..Championships. LeiFeng has been praised for his communist spirit. 性格气质 kind-hearted warm-hearted absent-minded bad-tempered a strong will 好心的 热心的 心不在焉的 坏脾气的 很强的意志力 勤奋的

6. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I.

be willing/ready to help others 乐于助人 hard-working/diligent independent 独立的 determined 有决心的 幽默的

J. humorous 外貌 good-looking

7. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H.

相貌英俊的 外表可笑的 外貌平平的 白头发的 近/远视的 有魅力的 时尚的

funny-looking ordinary-looking white-haired near/far-sighted charming fashionable lovely

可爱的

课堂实战练习
Part one: 连词成句 1. a clever and kind boy, my friend, is, such _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. at an early age, begin, make a living, he , to _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. but also, he, very, kind and modest, not only, get good marks, is , in all subjects. _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. them, is, a helpful hand, she, ready to lend, always _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.amazing, call, his, is, that, great, flying, skill, so, a, people, man, him. _______________________________________________________________________________

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Part two: 连词填空 1. Both of us are good at English, _______________ we often have a chat in English in our

spare time. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I did not realize she was a famous film star_______________she took her dark glasses off. He took off his hat and coat _______________he dived into the lake. He is such an excellent teacher _______________all the students show respect for him. I will not lose heart _______________difficulties I meet on my way to success. _______________surprised him most was to see some boys playing on the ice over the river. As he did not carry out the project ____________planned, he would be punished by his boss. The children were enjoying their dinner _______________a stranger knocked at the door. No sooner had he seen a blind man _______________he got up from his seat.

10. What the doctor really doubts is _______________my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. Part three: 造句成文 ( ) All his hobbies help him to have a better understanding of music and make his conducting

more excellent and popular. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )He loves music so much that he thinks of it as part of his life. )In his spare time, he paints a lot. )Travelling gives his music much inspiration. )However, he has many other hobbies. )Mr. Smith is a very famous conductor. )He often goes dancing as well, for he wants himself to be well dipped into music. )That is why he likes to go on a voyage now and then.

Part four: 根据所给的中文翻译下列句子,注意描写人物表达方式的润色。 1. 林肯于 1809 年 2 月 12 日出生在肯塔基州,他是一个贫穷家庭的孩子。 出生于德国,爱因斯坦是一位拥有非凡想象力的科学家。 从中山大学毕业后,他继续到国外深造,并获得了博士学位。 他不仅对科学感兴趣,而且在音乐方面也有造诣。 有着极大的决心和毅力,他终于用 37 年的时间写完了这本巨作。 他是中国最著名的小说家之一,我们将永远记住这个卓越的人。

_______________________________________________________________________________ 2.

_______________________________________________________________________________ 3.

_______________________________________________________________________________ 4.

_______________________________________________________________________________ 5.

_______________________________________________________________________________ 6.

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_______________________________________________________________________________ Part five: 根据所给汉语提示完成句子。 1.________________________________(尽管在篮球界他个子不高), wonderful skill always his helps him win games. 2.Chen Yifei, ________________________________(被认为是中国最著名的油画家之一)and whose works were wrong the earliest of their type to be exhibited and sold in Western countries, ________________________________(1946 年生于浙江宁波) 3.I am good at spoken English________________________________(更擅长使用电脑)。 4. ________________________________ (在我闲暇的时候) I like reading, listening to popular , music and collecting stamps. 5. ________________________________(给我们印象最深的是)his being honest and upright. Part six: 基础写作(一) 北京奥组委在全国中学生中为 2008 奥运会招募志愿者,要求报名者提交英语个人简介。 假设 你是王婷婷,请按下面信息写一份个人简介。 姓名:王婷婷 性别:女 年龄:18 学校:广州西湾路中学 爱好:音乐,摄影,打羽毛球 性格:善于交际,乐于助人 渴望成为志愿者,为社会尽一份力,为奥运,为祖国贡献力量。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 基础写作(二) 请根据以下信息写一篇介绍霍英东的文章。 出 生 1923 年 5 月,香港。 1、7 岁丧父,家境贫困; 个人经历

2、1955 年后,经营建筑、航运、石油等,成为国内外知名人士; 3、改革开放 (the reform and open policy) 以来,先后捐资支持教育、 文化、体育、和福利事业款项达 100 多亿港元。
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成为“感动中国”的人物。

[写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

知识点总结
1.掌握人物描写的语言特点 A. 选好描写的角度。必须考虑好站在第几人称的角度上写和从哪一点着手写。 B.详略得当的描述。要能够抓住人物特点,按要求对人物进行描写,并要注意详略得当。 C.准确生动的描述。描写人物还要注意语言的准确性,可以灵活地使用一些主动句,被动 句,with 的复合结构以及从句等句式。 D.同时,也要准确灵活运用一些动词,名词,形容词,副词以及介词词组。 2. 掌握人物描写的结构 A.在写人物描写时要主次分清,可以采用先总体,后局部的描述顺序。即可总体介绍此人 所具有的特点,然后对其局部的一些细节进行介绍,最后可以再做一些总结。 B.对于有些人物描写,我们也常常可以根据时间或事件发生的先后顺序进行介绍。 3. 被动语态的用法 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,谓语动词为被动语态的句子叫被动句。被动语态由“be +及物动词的过去分词”构成,助动词 be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与 be 作为 系动词的变化完全一样。 For example: A. A lot of books are kept in our school library. B. The Great Wall of China is known all over the world. C. The river was terribly polluted by the explosion in the chemical plant. D. The class meeting will be held next Saturday afternoon.
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4. 状语从句的用法 状语从句可以用来表示时间,地点,原因,目的,结果,条件,行为方式,比较关系,让步 等。因而就有了时间状语从句,地点状语从句,原因状语从句,目的状语从句,结果状语从 句,条件状语从句,行为方式状语从句,比较状语从句和让步状语从句等。 A.She had gone through just a few carriages before she found herself at the front of the train. B. Wherever there is oppression, there is resistance. C. She lied to us because she had to in order to get a job. D. He made such rapid progress that before long he began to write articles in English for an American newspaper.

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