一 .现在分词作状语 分词和主语之间 是主动关系(分词用 v-ing ) 二. 过去分词作状语 分词和主语之间 是被动关系 (分词用 v-ed )
pp和v-ing各有两大特点： 1. pp 表示被动的动作； v-ing表示主动
的动作 2. pp
表示已经完成的动作; v-ing 表示正 在进行的动作
1. Following the old man, we went upstairs. (we followed ) (跟着那个老人, 我们上去了)
2. Followed by the old man, we went upstairs. (we were followed) (被那个老人跟着, 我们上去了)
重难点辨析：主语一致 Seeing from the hill, you will find _______ the city looks like a big garden. Seen _______from the hill, the city looks like a big garden.
如果句子的主语和分词是主动关系, 现在分词 ， 用_______ 句子的主语和分词是被动关系， 过去分词 用_________ 。
Difference between the Present Participle and the Past Participle (现在分词与过去分词的区别) Used _____for a long time, the book looks old. 由于用了很长时间，这本书看上去很旧. Using the book, I find it useful. ______ 在使用的过程中，我发现这本书很有用. Looking at her, he jumped with joy. (look) ________ Looked by her, he jumped with joy. (look) _______at
分词作状语，主语是问题。 逗号前后两动作，共用一主语。 主语找出后，再来判关系。 主动-ing,被动用-ed。 Having done 表先后， 千万要牢记。
Having been done 是Having done的被动态
? Having finished his homework, he went playing. (完成式主动态) ? After he had finished his homework, he went playing.
? Having been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking. (完成式被动态) ? After he had been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking.
I. 用所给词的适当形式填空，并与A-C的 汉语翻译相匹配。
impress; pour; speak C 1. Once spoken ______, a word becomes a promise. A 2. Once poured ______, water cannot be taken
back again. Impressed by the beautiful scenery, I B 3. __________ forgot to go back home in time.
A.覆水难收 B.流连忘返 C.一言既出, 驷马难追
II. 用所给词的适当形式填空。 Seen (see) from the top of the hill, 1. ______ the city looks beautiful to us. 2. ______ Given (give) time, he’ll make a first class tennis player. 3. ________ Looking (look) out of the window, I found many children playing on the playground.
4._______ Given (give) more time, I’ll finish my work on time. 5. Compared with _________ developed (develop) countries, we still have a long way to go. 6. The English teacher entered the room, _________ followed (follow) by his students. Hearing (hear) the news, they all 7. ________ jumped with joy.
8. The teach buildings _____ built (build) in 1960 need repairing. left (leave) in 9. I found my school bag ____ Mary’s room.
Working (work)hard, you will 10. ________ succeed.
Turning (turn) to the left, you will 11. ________ find the path leading to the site.