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高中语法定语从句上课用.ppt


定语从句
The Attributive Clause

定语从句:修饰一个名词或代词的从句称为 定语从句,一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词 后面。

关系词:引导定语从句的关联词成为关系词 关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有 that, which, who, whom, whose, as等;关 系副词有where, when, why等。

先行词和关系词的关系 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.
先行词 关系词

This is a book.

The cover is red.

This is a book whose cover is red. This is a book the cover of which is red.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

The girl (who\whom\that) we saw yesterday is Mary.
1.引导定语从句。 关系词3个作用: 2.代替先行词。 3.在定语从句中担当一个成分。

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4.This is the reason (that\which) he explained at the meeting.

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1.This is the town. I was born in the town.
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This is the town where I was born. 2.We will never forget the day. I was born on the day.

We will never forget the day when I was born. 3.This is the reason. I was late for school for the reason.
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This is the reason why\for which I was late for school.

关系代词用法
关系代词 that 指代
人/物
物 人 人 人/物

在从句中 的作用
主/宾
主/宾 主/宾 宾 定

which
who whom

whose (=of which)

关系副词的用法
关系副词 when (=at/in/on /during which) where (=in/at which) why (=for which) 指代 时间 地点 在从句中的作用 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

原因

Practice
that/who 1.The man ______________is talking to me is a friend of my father’s. that/which 2.The school __________________is famous here has a long history. whose 3.I live in the house _________windows face south. who/whom 4.He is the boy________we are waiting for.

5.I will never forget the day when __________we were in the country. where 6. This is the park _________you took photos last Sunday. why 7. That was the reason________he was late for school.

比较下列句子
1.This is the factory_____we visited yesterday. where 1.This is the factory_____my father worked last year. when 2. I will never forget the day______I was born. Which\that 2. I will never forget the day______we spent together last year.
Which\that

只能用that 的情况:
1先行词被最高级 、序数词修饰时; 2先行词有all, only, very, last, few, little, much, none, some, any, every, no 等修饰时; 3先行词是all, anything, everything, something, nothing 时; 4 先行词既有人, 又有物; 5 由who和which提问的句子; 6 主句是There be 结构时.

that 2. The first lesson _______ I learned will never be forgotten.

先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级修饰。

that 1. All ________ we have to do is to practice every day.

先行词是不定代词all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything等。
What we have to do is to practice every day.

that 2. The first lesson _______ I learned will never be forgotten.

先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级修饰。

3. I have read all the books that ________ you gave me. 先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last, just, all, any, every, few, little, no, some 等修饰。

4. They talked of things and persons that __________ they remembered in the school.
先行词既有人又有物时。

that 5.Who is the boy ________ was here just now?

当主语是以who开头的特殊疑问句时, 定语从句须用that,以免与先行词重复。

只能用which的情况:
1.介词提到关系代词前
The city in which she lives is far away. The city which\that she lives in is far away. 2.引导非限制性定语从句 I am reading Harry Porter, which is an interesting
book. 3.整个句子是先行词,从句前面往往有逗号。 He failed in the exam, which made his parents angry.

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought it (去掉) yesterday. 2. Is that factory which your father once ^ worked in? the one Is that the factory which your father once worked in? 3. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. ^ to
4. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never ____ which forget.

Correct the sentences:
5. I still remember the holidays I stayed with ^ when them. 6. I’m going to work in the hospital where ____ that/which needs me. who 7. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake ___ will gather at the school gate.

8. I don’t like the way which you talked to ^ your friend. in

9.John told us about the cities and the people who he ____ had visited. that 10. Soon they came to a farm house,and in front of which sat a small boy. ____ it 11. The reason ____ he explained sounds reasonable. why which

___

1.Do you see the dictionary (that\which)I bought yesterday. 2.Where is the man (that\who\whom)I saw this morning. 3.Here are some exercises which\that need to be done after class. 4.The man who was badly hurt in the earthquake is now well.

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5.The whole city,75% of whose factories and buildings were gone. 6.The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.

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历届高考题回顾
1.In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help. D A.that B.who C.from who D.to whom 2.After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ________he grew up as a child. B A.which B.where C.that D.when 3.All of the flowers now raised here have developed C from those _______in the forest. A.once they grew C.that grew once B.they grew once D. once grew

4.We came to a place _______they had never paid a B visit to before.
A.where B.which C.to that D.to which

D 5.It was 12 o’clock _______they finished the work. A. since B.which C.that D.when

B 6.He often helps students_______he thinks are not quick at their studies. A.whom B.who C.when D. where

7. Is there a restaurant around_______I have D something to eat? A.that B.what C.which D.where A 8. It was at the school_________was named after a hero________he spent his childhood. A.which, that C.that, where B.where, where D.which, where

9. Look at the watch. Don’t you see it B is________watch ________Helen lost the other day. A.as the same ,as B.the same, as

C.the same,which

D.as the same as,that


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