1.多个形容词修饰时 限定词+描绘性形容词+颜色+国籍或地区+用途 各个形容词的位置： 或类别+名词 巧记口诀：限官形龄色国材 a, 以-er, -en 结尾的形容词，一般作前置定语。如： lower, other, wooden, golden, woolen 等
br />b. 不定代词或以-a 为前缀的形容词，一般作后置
定语。someone, something, afraid, alone, alive 等 注意：有些形容词以-ly 结尾的，不要和副词混淆 如 friendly, lovely 等 a. 两者之间比较永比较级通常与 than 连接 Tom is taller than his deskmate. b. 两者以上的事物比较用最高级，前面需加 定冠词“the” That seemed to the happiest day of her life.
3.形容词比较构成法略 4.形容词比较级与最高 级的用法
1. enough 的位置：形容词、副词放在 enough 前面，名词放在 enough 的后面 巧记口诀：形前名后 There is enough rice for you to eat. If I had a long enough holiday, I’d visit Europe. 2. 副词比较等级构成法略。 注意：副词最高级可以 the，也可不用。 Who swims (the) best in your team? a. most+形容词.一般前面需加定冠词 the，但表示一种程 度上非常高的特性和品质时，不表示比较 What he said is most interesting?
3. 形容词和副词 的特殊用法
b. 比较等级的修饰。形容词副词的比较等级常可用下列 词来修饰。 much, far, even, still, a little, no, any, a lot 如 a bit 等 There are now a lot more trees on the hills. c. “比较级+and+比较” 越来越。。 。。 “too+形容词或副词+to do sth.”太??而不能 later, latest 指时间上的较迟 latter, last 指顺序上的后者 d. 两种不同形式的 older, oldest 指人的年纪或事 比较等级不同的意义 年代的久远 elder, eldest 指人的长幼顺序 farther, farthest 指距离上 further, furthest 指抽象意义上的
1. good 和 well well 既可作副词又可作形容词。作副词时修饰动词。作形容词时可作表语，指身体好。 These oranges taste good. good 只作形容词，指质量好或某人品质好。 He did very well in the exam. 2.most, almost 和 mostly a. most 是 many, much 的最高级，表示“最??”前面需加定冠词 He is one of the most famous writers in China b. most+形容词 意为“很，非常” ，前需加不定冠词 Guilin is a most beautiful city almost 表示“几乎，差一点就”与 nearly 相似 Jack has almost finished the work mostly 表示“主要地，多半地” The guests are mostly her friends. 3.How long??，How soon??， How often??和 How far?? How long: 多久， 多长时间， 表示动作或状态需持续多久， 通常回答 “for+一段时间” “since+ 时间点”等 —How long have you been at this school? —Er, I’ve been here for just over two years. How soon: 多快。通常回答“in+一段时间” “一段时间+later”等 —How soon will you be back? —I’ll be back in a week. 注意：若要指动作快，要用“How quickly/fast” How often: 多少时间内发生频率。通常回答“几次 a day” “always” “usually”等 —How often do you watch TV？ —Once a day 注意：若指提问“多少次”则要用“How many times?” How far：距离有多远 —How far do you live from here —Not morn than one mile. 4.sometimes, some times, sometime 和 some time sometimes：有时，不时 Sometimes I go to sleep after 12:00 some times: 几次，数次 He has been to Beijing for some times. sometime: 某时 I saw him sometime last year. some time: 一段时间，一些时候 He used to live in England some time when he was young. 5.too much 和 much too too much: 太多 He drank too much beer yesterday much too: 太
It’s much too cold today. 6. alone 和 lonely alone：既可作形容词，也可作副词。一般后置，在 be 动词或动词后面，意为“独自的， 单独地”无感情色彩。 She is alone at home. I like to work alone lonely: 只作形容词，既作定语，也可作表语。 意为“孤单的，寂寞的”有感情色彩 I was alone but I didn’t feel lonely. 7. too, also 和 either too 用于肯定句和疑问句中，表示“也” ，放句尾。 also 放在系动词、助动词后，实意动词前。 either 用于否定句，意为“也不”放在句尾 8. so?that 和 such?that so?that：so 为副词，后面直接形容词，中间不一定需要加名词。若有名词，不定冠词放 在形容词后。 She is so beautiful (a girl) that everyone loves her. such?that：such 为形容词，后面接名词，且中间如果有不定冠词，放在形容词前 She is such a beautiful girl that everyone loves her. 9. ago 和 before ago 不能单独使用，只能接一段时间+ago，句子时态用一般过去时 before 一段时间+before；句子用过去完成时 before+时间点：句子用一般过去时 10. not?or 和 not?and not?or, 全部否定 She can’t read or write. not?and: 部分否定 She can’t read and write
1. This town has _______ bridge. A. a stone old fine B. an old stone fine C. a fine old stone D. an old fine stone 2. The apple tastes______ and sells________. A. well; well B. good; good C. well; good D. good; well 3. We drank ______coffee at the café . A. very good hot some B. some very hot good C. some very good hot D. some good very hot 4. What you’ve said sounds___________ A. correct B. correctly C. correctness D. correcting 5. They all looked______ at the master and felt quite. A. sad; sad B. sadly; sadly C. sad; sadly D. sadly; sad 6. He looked dead but the faint pulse proved that he was still__________ A. live B. life C. alive D. lively 7. This is a _________clock A. nice Swiss little B. nice little Swiss
C. little nice Swiss D. Swiss nice little 8. She spent________ time studying French. A. much so B. so much C. such much D. so many 9. –How was the examination? --It wasn’t very difficult, but it was________ long. A. too much B. so much C. very much D. much too 10. The weather was _______ worse than I had expected. A. fairly B. quite C. much D. very 11. The patient’s progress was encouraging as he could ________ get out of bed without help A. nearly B. only C. hardly D. badly 12. He wasn’t ________ to buy a color TV A. too rich B, enough rich C. rich enough D. so rich 13. Mary’s _________brother is a doctor. He is four years _________ than her. A. older; elder B. elder; elder C. elder; older D. older; older 14. –Are you feeling______? --Yes, I’m fine now. A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better 15. –How are you getting on with your work? --I can’t do it _________ any longer, I’ll have to get help. A. lonely B. quietly C. alone D. hard 16. –We are free this afternoon. Let’s go to play computer games. --Well, I think I’d better watch an English program________/ A. too B. either C. then D. instead 17. If you don’t want to go swimming, I won’t _______. A. too B. also C. either D. neither 18. I saw the film two days________ A. ago B. later C. lately D. more lately 19. This box is __________ heavy _________I cannot carry it. A. too; to B. so; that C. very; that D. such; that 20. --________ do you write to your pen pal? --Once a week. A. How long B. How many times C. How often D. How soon