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英语语法——形容词和副词的用法


形容词和副词
1.多个形容词修饰时 限定词+描绘性形容词+颜色+国籍或地区+用途 各个形容词的位置: 或类别+名词 巧记口诀:限官形龄色国材 a, 以-er, -en 结尾的形容词,一般作前置定语。如: lower, other, wooden, golden, woolen 等

形容词

2.不同类型形容词 位置
<

br />b. 不定代词或以-a 为前缀的形容词,一般作后置
定语。someone, something, afraid, alone, alive 等 注意:有些形容词以-ly 结尾的,不要和副词混淆 如 friendly, lovely 等 a. 两者之间比较永比较级通常与 than 连接 Tom is taller than his deskmate. b. 两者以上的事物比较用最高级,前面需加 定冠词“the” That seemed to the happiest day of her life.

3.形容词比较构成法略 4.形容词比较级与最高 级的用法

1. enough 的位置:形容词、副词放在 enough 前面,名词放在 enough 的后面 巧记口诀:形前名后 There is enough rice for you to eat. If I had a long enough holiday, I’d visit Europe. 2. 副词比较等级构成法略。 注意:副词最高级可以 the,也可不用。 Who swims (the) best in your team? a. most+形容词.一般前面需加定冠词 the,但表示一种程 度上非常高的特性和品质时,不表示比较 What he said is most interesting?

副词

3. 形容词和副词 的特殊用法

b. 比较等级的修饰。形容词副词的比较等级常可用下列 词来修饰。 much, far, even, still, a little, no, any, a lot 如 a bit 等 There are now a lot more trees on the hills. c. “比较级+and+比较” 越来越。。 。。 “too+形容词或副词+to do sth.”太??而不能 later, latest 指时间上的较迟 latter, last 指顺序上的后者 d. 两种不同形式的 older, oldest 指人的年纪或事 比较等级不同的意义 年代的久远 elder, eldest 指人的长幼顺序 farther, farthest 指距离上 further, furthest 指抽象意义上的

一些形容词与副词及短语的比较
1. good 和 well well 既可作副词又可作形容词。作副词时修饰动词。作形容词时可作表语,指身体好。 These oranges taste good. good 只作形容词,指质量好或某人品质好。 He did very well in the exam. 2.most, almost 和 mostly a. most 是 many, much 的最高级,表示“最??”前面需加定冠词 He is one of the most famous writers in China b. most+形容词 意为“很,非常” ,前需加不定冠词 Guilin is a most beautiful city almost 表示“几乎,差一点就”与 nearly 相似 Jack has almost finished the work mostly 表示“主要地,多半地” The guests are mostly her friends. 3.How long??,How soon??, How often??和 How far?? How long: 多久, 多长时间, 表示动作或状态需持续多久, 通常回答 “for+一段时间” “since+ 时间点”等 —How long have you been at this school? —Er, I’ve been here for just over two years. How soon: 多快。通常回答“in+一段时间” “一段时间+later”等 —How soon will you be back? —I’ll be back in a week. 注意:若要指动作快,要用“How quickly/fast” How often: 多少时间内发生频率。通常回答“几次 a day” “always” “usually”等 —How often do you watch TV? —Once a day 注意:若指提问“多少次”则要用“How many times?” How far:距离有多远 —How far do you live from here —Not morn than one mile. 4.sometimes, some times, sometime 和 some time sometimes:有时,不时 Sometimes I go to sleep after 12:00 some times: 几次,数次 He has been to Beijing for some times. sometime: 某时 I saw him sometime last year. some time: 一段时间,一些时候 He used to live in England some time when he was young. 5.too much 和 much too too much: 太多 He drank too much beer yesterday much too: 太

It’s much too cold today. 6. alone 和 lonely alone:既可作形容词,也可作副词。一般后置,在 be 动词或动词后面,意为“独自的, 单独地”无感情色彩。 She is alone at home. I like to work alone lonely: 只作形容词,既作定语,也可作表语。 意为“孤单的,寂寞的”有感情色彩 I was alone but I didn’t feel lonely. 7. too, also 和 either too 用于肯定句和疑问句中,表示“也” ,放句尾。 also 放在系动词、助动词后,实意动词前。 either 用于否定句,意为“也不”放在句尾 8. so?that 和 such?that so?that:so 为副词,后面直接形容词,中间不一定需要加名词。若有名词,不定冠词放 在形容词后。 She is so beautiful (a girl) that everyone loves her. such?that:such 为形容词,后面接名词,且中间如果有不定冠词,放在形容词前 She is such a beautiful girl that everyone loves her. 9. ago 和 before ago 不能单独使用,只能接一段时间+ago,句子时态用一般过去时 before 一段时间+before;句子用过去完成时 before+时间点:句子用一般过去时 10. not?or 和 not?and not?or, 全部否定 She can’t read or write. not?and: 部分否定 She can’t read and write

习题
1. This town has _______ bridge. A. a stone old fine B. an old stone fine C. a fine old stone D. an old fine stone 2. The apple tastes______ and sells________. A. well; well B. good; good C. well; good D. good; well 3. We drank ______coffee at the café . A. very good hot some B. some very hot good C. some very good hot D. some good very hot 4. What you’ve said sounds___________ A. correct B. correctly C. correctness D. correcting 5. They all looked______ at the master and felt quite. A. sad; sad B. sadly; sadly C. sad; sadly D. sadly; sad 6. He looked dead but the faint pulse proved that he was still__________ A. live B. life C. alive D. lively 7. This is a _________clock A. nice Swiss little B. nice little Swiss

C. little nice Swiss D. Swiss nice little 8. She spent________ time studying French. A. much so B. so much C. such much D. so many 9. –How was the examination? --It wasn’t very difficult, but it was________ long. A. too much B. so much C. very much D. much too 10. The weather was _______ worse than I had expected. A. fairly B. quite C. much D. very 11. The patient’s progress was encouraging as he could ________ get out of bed without help A. nearly B. only C. hardly D. badly 12. He wasn’t ________ to buy a color TV A. too rich B, enough rich C. rich enough D. so rich 13. Mary’s _________brother is a doctor. He is four years _________ than her. A. older; elder B. elder; elder C. elder; older D. older; older 14. –Are you feeling______? --Yes, I’m fine now. A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better 15. –How are you getting on with your work? --I can’t do it _________ any longer, I’ll have to get help. A. lonely B. quietly C. alone D. hard 16. –We are free this afternoon. Let’s go to play computer games. --Well, I think I’d better watch an English program________/ A. too B. either C. then D. instead 17. If you don’t want to go swimming, I won’t _______. A. too B. also C. either D. neither 18. I saw the film two days________ A. ago B. later C. lately D. more lately 19. This box is __________ heavy _________I cannot carry it. A. too; to B. so; that C. very; that D. such; that 20. --________ do you write to your pen pal? --Once a week. A. How long B. How many times C. How often D. How soon


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