Unit1 一、 1. With his index finger, Patterson pointed toward a plain color-coded box beneath （下面） a long wooden table. 2. He disguised（伪装）himself as a waiter and watched what was going on arou
nd. 3. He often whistles（吹哨） a tune during the morning tea break when his boss is not around. 4. And again he shouted in a high-picthed voice, word by word, with no attempt to restrain （克制，压抑）herself , I can’t stand anymore. 5. There was certain people in the room, like Peter and John, who had failed to grasp（抓住） what I was saying. 6. During that time I was overwhelmed with longing （只要） for those innocent days of early childhood. 7. I’m just praying（祈祷） that the board of directors will take steps before it is too late. 8. She was the director’s faithful（相信的） assistant in whom he could have absolute confidence. 9. There developers pledge（保证）to build how-income housing units when the supply of affordable housing for poor people continues to shrink. 10. People have been mobilized to build defenses and drain flooded land as heavy rains continue to fall. 二、 1.I hated to hear the monitor say“I?ll tell our teacher about it”(tell on) whenever I did something that did not please her. 2.The police have failed to find (track down) any of the people responsible for the attack, though they think the same group was responsible for last year ?s attack. 3.I think the father and son do have some trouble in their relationship, and I feel they should try to solve it.(work it out) 4.I don?t know why he?s always criticizing me unfairly(picking on). I haven?t done anything wrong; on the contrary, I?ve done good business for the company. 5.No car, no house, no wife—these are the problems to be dealt with(reckoned with) for the time being. 6.When the leading lady dropped out of the movie, the producers had no choice but to ask(call on) the cleaning lady to save the day. 7.When he was a student at London University, he had a chance to travel around the world alone.(on his own) 8.I thought if we could continue to live through(get though) the next year on our father ?s income, things would be easier as I would graduate and get a job by then. 9.The unshaven old man in the park turned out to be a police officer dressed in ordinary street clothes.(in disguise) 10.There is nothing remarkable about the narrative, which centers on(revolve around) a traditional love triangle. 三、
When I think of people in this world who have really made a difference, I think of my parents. They were truly saints among ordinary people. I was one of the ten children of my parents adopted. They rescued(拯救，救援) each of us from a life of poverty and loneliness. They were hardly able to restrain（抑 制，控制） themselves from bringing hom more children to care for. If they had had the resources（资源）, they certainly would have. Most people do not realize how much they appreciated（感激，欣赏） someone until they pass away. My sisters and my brothers and I did not want this to happen before we uttered（言辞，说） the words“thank you” to our parents. Although we have all grown up and scattered（分散） about the country, we got back together to thank our parents. My brother Tom undertook （承担， 从事） the task of organizing the event. Every Friday night, Mom and Dad have had the ham dinner special at the same restaurant for the last twenty years. That is where we waited without their knowing. When we first caught a glimpse（瞥一眼） of them coming across the street, we all hid underneath（在…之下） a big table. When they entered, we leapt out and shouted,“Thank you ,Mom and Dad.” My brother Tom presented （代表） them with a card and we all hugged. My dad pretended that he had known we were under the table all along. Unit 2 一、 1. Church Mill, although of fairly moderate （耐力） size compared with some of it?s neighbors, is a delightful two-story building of stone. 2. If your weight remains constant you must be using up all your calories, but if you are gaining weight then some of the calories you consume （消耗， 花费） are being stored as fat. 3. I don?t think it advisable （明智的）that Tim be assigned the job since he has no experience. 4. Meals also have to be modify（修改） from their original state so that they will have a beneficial effect on the body. 5. His face was very red, which was a clean evidence （证明）of his fever. 6. Families with children tend to be restricts （限制）as to when they can take their vacations. 7. They calculated（计算） that the aging population is adding one percent yearly to health service costs. 8. In the case of a polluted river, the remedy（补救措施） lies in the hands of the national government. 9. The change in leadership will have a huge impact（影响） on government policy. 10. Given sufficient（足够的） time, with other things remaining unchanged, prices and wages would eventually be adjusted and full employment may be achieved. 二、 1.He felt depressed when his suggestion was refused, but it didn?t take long for him to feel OK again.(bounce back) 2.At the end of the class the teacher expressed briefly (summed up)the main point of
the lesson in three sentences. 3.As many as(Up to) 1,000 people attended the opening ceremony. 4.The children there are being put in danger(at risk) every day because many care workers still do not know how to protect them from HIV. 5.The spirit of the football team fell to its lowest(go to zero) after the team?s third defeat. 6.The demand for iron increases(goes up) as people do more physical exercises. 7.Unfortunately,your feelings about writing have some negative effects on(interfere with) your ability to write. 8.These vitamins and minerals, ultimately coming from(deride from) food, are the necessary sources of energy for animals. 9.In most cases(In general) , about 70% of graduates are offered positions upon application. 10.It?s good to stand on top of the hill and have deep breaths of(take on) fresh air. 三、 Women who exercise regularly need to be careful with what the eat. Researchers have found evidence that even moderate（有节制的，稳健的） exercise can result in losing iron. They said that whom who exercise regularly, especially in endurance （耐力）activities, typically lose iron. In order to prevent this become becoming a problem, it is important that those woman consume more meat or tack supplements （补剂，填充物）to replace the iron lost. Those who do not bother to get plentiful amounts of iron may begin to feel weak and tired. If you can get recommended daily allowance （限量， 定量） of iron in your diet, you will probably perform better.?? Said one diet specialist.“One shortcoming of taking iron pills is that the pill from is not well absorbed （吸收）and can sometimes make you sick. It is preferable that you try to remedy the deficiency by getting more iron-rich meats in your diet. There are ways to help your body store （储存物）away the iron it takes in. By getting plenty of Vitamin C, your body is able to process （过程，工序）or use, the iron better. Researchers acknowledge （承认） that everyone?s body is different and the problem will be less serious for some. Because it is impossible to decide whether or not this could be a problem for you, health specialists say it is advisable （明智的）to check your iron levels. Even when you can?t feel it, you may still have a problem.
Unit4 一、 1.This means they have been inspected （检查） by a team of professional experts and the standard of their work has been approved. 2.The statue of Liberty had just arrived from Paris and was being assembled(集合，组 装)so it was not in New York Harbor when they arrived. 3.This reaction to the event is rather exaggerate（夸张） but on the other hand there?s something in it. 4.Police had trouble understanding who was responsible for the accident , because
everyone who saw it made different version（版本，说法） of what happened. 5.It is an most universal（普遍的） truth that the more we are promoted in a job, the less we actually exercise the skills we initially used to perform it. 6.His appointment has not been formally approved（赞同） yet. 7.It?s getting more and more difficult to recruit（招募） experienced staff. 8.He insisted that the idea evolve （演变， 发展） out of work done by British scientists. 9.They are the ordinary citizens for whom the honor system was design—people who have dedicated（建筑落成） their lives duty. 10.His expression became very solemn when we told him what was happened. 二、 1．The project he was involved in (work on)last year fell though as it was costly. 2.The committee did not accept (approve)the plan to build a new bridge over the river. 3.Although some members slipped away, the meeting continued(go ahead) without them. 4.There are some houses on the market (for sale)in the economic development zone. Let?s go and have a look. 5.Have you got (came up with) an idea of how to deal with test cheating. 6.This second-hand dress can be changed into (refluction) a rather pretty skirt. 7.It is often the case that popular music starts become famous (rise to fame)at a young age. 8.What interests me (captures my attention)about the painting is the neck that is stretched a little bit and the face that is sour-looking. 9.The theories discussed below may have developed from(evolved from) different assumptions, but it is still difficult to tell them apart. 10.The rode is given the same name as (name after)the old man who has paid all the money for building it. 三、 For many, beauty and fashion are permanently linked. With regard to fashion ,the Barbie doll has been consistently(不断地) in style. Form the first Barbie dolls, Mattel took care to dress them in detailed, fashionable(时尚的) clothes. Some observers note that the fashions of the Barbie doll trace fashion trends（趋势） perfectly since 1959. While critics complain that the models do not represent ?average? female bodies, they also complain about the Barbie doll?s size. Some have criticized the dimensions（尺 寸） of the Barbie doll as an unattainable ideal of the female shape. Charlotte Johnson, the Barbie doll?s first res designer, explained that the doll was not intended（打算） to reflect female figure realistically, but rather to portray a(n) exaggerated（夸张） shape underneath fashionable clothes. However, the unrealistic dimensions of the doll have brought the strongest criticism regarding（视为） the doll?s encourage of an obsession with weight and looks. Convinced of the negative（消极）effects of the Barbie doll on children, Cathy Meredig of High Self Esteem Toys developed a more realistically proportioned doll in 1991. Her doll did not sell well, however.
Throughout the years, the Barbie doll has had several competitors （竞争者） , but none have been able to compete with the glamor offered by the Barbie doll. Unit 5 一、 1.A very promising football player back home, Kamte decided to swith（开关，转换） to golf and turned professional in 2002. 2.Th cabbages have already started to decay （腐败） and we have to throw them away. 3.Many elderly people feel more secure(固定，绑紧) knowing that if they need help, there is always someone with them, caring for them. 4,The Toyota Matrix that we was driving was shaking vigorously, and some of its screws were getting loose（松散的）. 5.Thy went up to the gate, which slid（滑行） open at the push of button. 6. During the colonial eid the church was closely allied with the government, giving full support to the government and, in return, receiving special privileges（特权，优 先）. 7.The baby had woken up for another feed after an interval（间隔） of three or four hours. 8.In this paper I will give a broad outline of the research we have been doing. 9.I knew that he had been in Cuba the preceding（在先的，前面的） year because he constantly mentioned Havana. 10.If he is only interested in your looks, that just shows how shallow（肤浅的，微弱 的） he is. 二、 1.The young woman stretched out her hand to get (reached for)her bag and pulled out a gull. 2.It?s completely dark, so I had to search for (feel for)the car key with my fingers. 3.Thomas turned his head, making a deliberate effort not to breathe (trying to avoid breathing)in the vapor. 4.He always cover his mouth when coughing in order that (so that)he won?t spread germs. 5.John succeeded in accomplishing (managed to accomplish)his work in time. 6.It is very strange that the old lady seemed to be able to read my mind.(sense my thought) 7.We did not make arrangements for (provide for)such a sudden and large-scale enemy attack. 8.His intervention(干预) may have prevented me from suffering (spared)a bloody nose. 9.I was shocked when I learned from a newspaper about (read out)his success in turning his small family business into an international company within three years. 10.I don?t want to be a teacher any more, I?m thinking about changing careers, but the problem is I don?t quite know how to begin (go about)it. 三、
As a surgeon(外科医生), I have seen a lot of deaths. I am rarely astonished by anything. The other day, however, one humorous and slightly odd story I heard touched me. A doctor told me that a very old woman he was treating was lying motionless （静止， 一动不动） on the pillow face down. He thought she was dead, but when he approached, （接近， 靠近） he noticed she was breathing. Her hospital gown exposed （暴露） her back bare, so he put a cover over her. Just then she sat up slowly, startling（使惊讶，吃惊）the doctor. She seemed quite alive. “I thought you were nearly gone,” the doctor said. “Your breathing was so shallow（微弱的） and you seemed lifeless.” “Never mind that, doctor, I?ve been waiting for you,” the old woman said quite confidently as if she was his mother. She had been a good mother to four, but she had survived （存活，寿命长）them all. She gracefully handed the doctor a jar of strawberry jam. “Take the lid（盖子）off and try some,” she said. He sampled（取样， 抽取）a little and told her it was delicious. “Good”, she said, handing him a piece of paper with writing. This is how to make it,” He understood what a(n) privilege(优先，荣幸) she had given him and took it with thanks and then left. The old woman lay back down and died soon after his departure.