Book3 Unit1 Festival around the world
1. ______n. 美；美人 ___________ adj. 美丽 2. ______v. (使)饿死 ___________ n. 饥饿 ___________ vt. 美化
3. ______n. 起源；由来；起因 _______ adj.
原始的；最初的 _____ adv. 最初；本来 4. ______ v. 相信; 信任____ n. 信任; 信心; 信仰____adj.可信的_____ adj. 难以置信的 5. ______vi. 到达 6. ______ n. 独立; 自主 7. ______ n. 精力 _________ n. 到来; 到达; 到达者 ______adj. 独立的; 自主的 ______ adv. 独立地; 自主地;
__________ adj. 充满活力的; 积极的 __________ n. 许可；允许 ___________ vi. 道歉; 辩白
8. ______v. 许可；允许 9. ______ n. 道歉
10. _______ vt. 原谅; 饶恕 __________ n. 原谅; 饶恕 ________ adj. 可以宽恕(原谅)的 _________ adj. 不可原谅的 11.______ n. 庆祝 12.______ n. 悲哀 ___________ v. 庆祝 __________ adj. 难过的
13.______ n. 愚人 __________ adj. 傻的 14. ______v. 赞赏，钦佩 __________ n. 赞赏，钦佩 __________ adj. 令人钦佩的
二.用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1. Delia's eyes were full of at the news and she looked at her husband. (sad) 2. You are not to leave here without his . (permit) 3. His _ English filled us with (admire) 4. Tom was a boy full of and he did everything (energetic) 5. You'd better to Jim. Of course, making an is not the only way but the most direct one. ( apologize ) 6. Nowadays lots of young people want financial (depend). 7. Mike was arrested on his (arrive) from New York. 8. Look! That _______ is dressed up _______(beauty). 9. We should respect the __________(religion) activities of the local people. 10. I’m not ______(satisfy) with the way he cut my hair.
Fast reading: Translate the following sentences and find out the answers to these questions from the text. 1. 文章中提到了多少种节日？ 2. 人们为什么要庆祝节日? __________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. 人们如何庆祝这些节日?_____________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 4. Write a summary of the text in about 30 words. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 语言知识学习 There are many festivals around the world. Some festivals are religious or seasonal.Others are in memory of important events. Here I want to introduce the Spring Festival. The Spring Festival, which is the most important festival in China, takes place on the first day of lunar year. On New Year ’s Eve, the family gather together to have a feast and later at night they set off fireworks to welcome the arrival of the new year. When the fireworks turn up, all people hold their breath to admire the beautiful scene.On the first day of Spring Festival, people always dress up and visit their relatives and friends. The children, who are looking forward to Spring Festival, can gain lucky money in red paper. During these days, they become energetic and have fun with each other day and night as though they were happy birds. The happy time reminded me of the wishes that I made. The most important wish was that I wanted to get the award for the best student. It’s obvious that I ’ll make up my mind to keep my word. Nowadays the Spring Festival becomes worldwide and it is celebrated by many other countries in the world. 知识点学习：朗读左栏的内容并根据语境按要求完成右栏 要求: 【自主学习】------大声读并翻译 1. in memory of 的意思及用法： 1.in memory of 1) The statue was built in memory of Sun Yet-sen. 造句： 2) The photo was in memory of his past.
拓展：in + n.. + of 短语：
2. take place 的意思及用法： 2.take place 1) The English Song Competition will take place 造句： on March 30. 拓展： “发生”的其他表达： 2) Great changes have taken place in our school.
3.set off 1) The boy set off the bomb an hurt himself.
3. set off 的意思及用法：
造句： 2) I set off for work at six every morning. 2) The missing of Malaysia Airlines flight 拓展：set 相关短语： MH370 set off a series of arguments. 4. turn up 的意思及用法： 4.turn up 1) It’ s time for his performance, but he hasn’ t 造句： turned up. 2) Please turn up the radio. I want to listen to the 拓展：turn 相关短语： news. 5. hold one’s breath， be out of breath 的意思及用法： 5.hold one’s breath 1) The girl held her breath when she saw the 造句： snake. 2) I was out of breath after running for the bus. 6. admire 的意思及用法： 6.admire 1) I admire your courage 2) We all admire him for winning the award for 造句： best student. 7. dress 的搭配及用法： 7.dress up 1)We will dress ourselves up at important festivals. 2) The little boy dress up as a superman. 3) Our English teacher is dressed in black today. 4) Mrs.Smith was dressing her baby when her 造句： husband came in. 8. look forward to 的意思及用法： 8.look forward to 1) I’ m really looking forward to our vacation. 2) I’m looking forward to seeing you this summer 造句： vacation.
9.gain 1) He gained full marks in the examination. 2) He gained happiness from helping others 3) No pains, no gains.
9. gain 的意思及用法：
造句： 拓展： “获得”的其他表达：
10. have fun with 1) He had fun with his friends. 2) He had fun in playing computer games.
10. have fun with 的意思及用法： 造句： 拓展：have fun = 11. remind 的搭配及用法：
1) This story reminds me of my experience. 2) He reminded me to get up early. 3) He reminded me that I should get up early.
12. award 1) It was a great honor to award this prize. 2) The boy gain an award for his bravery. 3) The school awarded our monitor a prize for her good work.
12. award 的意思及用法：
13. keep one’s word 1) He is a man who always keeps his word. 2) Once you have made a promise, you should keep it. 3)Don’t break your word ,or nobody will believe you. 14. apologize 1) I apologized to her for being so rude. 2) I make an apology to her for my rudeness.
13. keep one’s word 的意思： 拓展:“违背诺言” “许下诺言”怎么表达？ 造句：
14. apologize 的意思及用法：
造句： 重点句型 1. It’s obvious that I ’ll make up my mind to keep my word. 1) It’s obvious that he is not willing to help 1.句型结构： 拓展：it 做形式主语的句型： us. 2) It’s obvious that the boy did’t tell the truth. 造句：
2. They become energetic and have fun with each other day and night as though they were 2.as though/if 的用法： happy birds. 1) He looked as if he was ill. 2) You look as if you didn’t care. 3) He talked about the Great Wall as if he had been there. 4) It looks as if it would snow.
3. The most important wish was that I wanted to get the award for the best student. 1) The most important thing is that a friend 3.句型结构： 造句： always understands you. 2) The most important thing is that you should improve your English.
单句翻译： 1. 你要为你昨天所说的话向他道歉。 2. 这首歌让她想起了难忘的童年。 3. 很明显，我们都期望上大学。 4. 我的家乡发生了巨大变化。 5. 那个穿着红外套的女孩因她的出色表演而获奖。 6. 最重要的是你应该遵守你的诺言。 7. 他说的好像他获得过最优秀学生奖似的。 Homework:翻译句子，注意黑体部分的翻译，然后将其合并成一篇5句话的短文。 1. 每个国家都有很奇特的节日是明显的。 2. 其中的一些节日非常有趣,且历史悠久。 3. 毫无疑问，春节是中国最充满活力的传统节日之一。 4. 过年前，人们做好充分的准备，比如大扫除、买新衣等等。 5. 新年第一天，人们打扮一新，访亲探友。 6.人们期盼美好生活，给孩子压岁钱。 7. 此外，他们和亲戚、朋友一起共进美食，还会彼此分享有趣的事情。 8. 在春节期间，大人们看到孩子们玩得开心，这会让他们想起童年。
Grammar -–Modal verbs
一、朗读这些句子,并把句子翻译出来。 （Student Book P.5） 二、Practice: 1. Jim 会说英语。 2. 你能信守诺言吗？ 3. 上个周末，他可能日夜玩电脑游戏。 4. 在春节期间，大人会给小孩红包。 5. 我们不该捉弄同学。 6. 我们必须吃早餐。 7. 你肯定饿了吧。 8. 这个地方禁止停车。
阅读理解： February has long been a month of romance. With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines. On the 14th day, it is a custom for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals! This is what you see on Valentine’s Day, a day named after Valentine who was a priest in the third century Rome. When the emperor decided that single men could become better soldiers than those with wives, he didn’t allow marriage. But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, the emperor sentenced him to death. While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today. Valentine died for what he believed in and so he was made a Saint (圣徒), as well as becoming one of history’s most romantic characters. Nowadays, Valentine’s Day is also popular among Chinese young people. Some students are planning to make Valentine’s cards for parents, teachers and friends. Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes. The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St. Valentine. 1. Which of the following is not a custom for a boy to do on Valentine’s Day? A. to take his girlfriend out to dinner B. to buy his girlfriend flowers and chocolates C. to make Valentine’s cards for teachers and friends D. to spell out his girlfriend’s name with rose petals 2. Why did the emperor in Rome not allow marriage in his country? A. Because there were few women in his country at that time. B. Because he thought men without wives could be better soldiers. C. Because there wasn’t enough food for so many people. D. Because he wanted to control the birth rate. 3. Valentine was put into prison because ______. A. he killed one of the soldiers B. he stole a lot of food C. he didn’t obey the emperor’s order D. he didn’t want to be a soldier 4. The last paragraph mainly tells us ______. A. students in China send cards to their teachers B. it is a good idea to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China C. it is interesting to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China D. Valentine’s Day is also popular in China now 5. The best title for this passage should be ______. A. Valentine’s Day B. A Brave Priest C. Valentine’s Day in China D. A Romantic Man