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高三英语完形填空复习解题策略教案


高三英语完形填空复习—“显性线索”解题法 一、总结归纳 1. 体裁:记叙文、说明文(主) ;议论文、夹叙夹议(偶) 。 2. 篇幅:约 200~250 词,2011 年开始,考查题数由原来的 10 增加到 15 个。 3. 必考点:实词, 如 名词 、 动词 、 形容词 、 副词 等,着重词义辨析能力的考查。 非考点:虚词,如 冠词、 介词、 连词;代词和从句连接词。 4. 答案

分布特点: 10 个题:2: 2: 3: 3 15 个题:4: 4: 4: 3 二、完形填空解题三大策略 第一大策略 利用显性线索:原词复现 同根词或同源词复现 同义词或近义词复现 上下义词复现 (总括与分述) 反义词同现 相对关系词同现 语义场关系词同现 第二大策略 利用隐性线索 第三大策略 利用逻辑关系 三、课前练习近 3 年高考真题—发现、归纳、总结出题规律(显性线索) 1.(2011 广东)It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes... There can be little doubt that ______ classes can help the gifted children to graduate earlier and take their place in life sooner. however,... A. regular B. special C. small D. creative 2.(2011 广东) Many are concerned that gifted children become bored and lose interest in learning. However this _______ is more often from parents and teachers than from students... A. concern B. conclusion C. reflection D. interest 3. (2011 广东) However this concern is more often from parents and teachers than from students, and some of these _______ simply conclude that special classes should be set up for those who are talented. A. students B. adults C. scholars D. teachers 4. (2011 广东) The argument is based on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their intellectual(智力的)growth by ______situation that are designed for the average children. A. designing B. grouping C. learning D. living 5.(2010 广东) You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to _____ the building. A. enter B. leave C. open D. close 6. (2010 广东) When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different doors and they had distinct functions... This was new to me, because we use the _______ door in South Korea... A. main B. same C. front D. back 7. (2010 广东) The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors, students who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on _____. A. sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier 8.(2009 广东) To make sure that he was remembered with love and respect. Nobel arranged in his ______ to give the largest part of his money to establish the Nobel prizes,... Nobel had to die before he realized what his life was really about. A. book B. article C. will D. contract 四、课堂实战演练—能力强化(把握整体—利用显性线索解题法—养成解题逻辑思维能力) My newest goal, both as a professional and a person, is to be a quitter. Being a 1 isn't being

someone who gives up, who doesn't see important things through to the end. I desire to be the 2 of those things, and think we all should. The quitter I want to be is someone who gets out when there's no 3 to be added, or when that value comes at the expense of something more 4 . A friend of mine once told me that "I knew I was an adult when I could 5 reading a book, even after getting 500 pages into it." Though it sounds 6 , it is what we should do. Generally, we get involved in something, realize we don't want to 7 , but keep going till it’s finished. We say, "well, I've already 8 so much time in this, I might as well stick it out." I propose the opposite: 9 as often as possible, regardless of project status or time invested. If you're reading a book, and don't like it, stop reading. 10 your losses, realize that the smartest thing to do is to stop before your 11 grow even more, and quit. If you're working on a 12 that isn't going anywhere, but you've already invested tons of time on it, quit. Take the time gained by quitting the 13 project, and put it toward something of value. If you're stuck doing something, and don't really want to do it anymore, step back for a second. Ask if you really have to do this, and what value is being produced from your doing it. Don't think about the time you've put into it, or how much it's taken over your life. If you don't want to do it, and don't have to do it, don't do it. Saying no is hard, and 14 a mistaken yes is even harder. But if we do both, we'll start to make sure that we're spending our time 15 value, rather than aggravating our losses. Let's be quitters together. 1.A. professional B.quitter C.reader D.person 2.A. same B.similar C.opposite D.different 3.A. value B.time C.loss D.mistake 4.A. possible B.important C.interesting D.distinguishing 5.A. dislike B.finish C.keep D.stop 6.A. strange B.complicated C.impossible D.confusing 7.A. lose B.quit C.continue D.read 8.A. gained B.invested C.wasted D.added 9.A. read B.work C.add D.quit 10.A. Like B.Count C.Increase D.Cut 11.A. losses B.benefits C.goals D.projects 12.A. book B.proposal C.project D.mistake 13.A. important B.disturbing C.boring D.valueless 14.A. realizing B.recognizing C.accepting D.admitting 15.A. creating B.losing C.keeping D.decreasing 五课后巩固—查漏补缺 1. 完成以下两篇完型填空练习; 2. 双语报第 31 期完形填空专项训练 When I was about twelve years old, my mother told us that we would not be ___1___ Christmas gifts for lack of money. felt sad and thought, “What would I say when the other kids asked what I I’d ___2___?” Then,three women ___3___ at our house with gifts for all of us.For me they bought a doll.I would no longer have to be ___4___ when I returned to school. Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my ___5___ Christmas special and memorable there, I ___6___ remembered the women’ visit. decided that s I I wanted to create the same feeling of ___7___ for as many children as I could possibly ____8__. So I ___9__ a plan and gathered forty people from my company to help. gathered We

about 125 orphans(孤儿)at the Christmas party. every child, we wrapped colorful packages For filled with toys, clothes, and school supplies, each with a child’s name.We wanted all of them to know they were ___10__.Before I called out their names and handed them their gifts, I ___11__ them that they couldn’t open their presents until every child had come forward.Finally the __12___ they had been waiting for came as I called out, “One, two, three.Open your presents!” As the children opened their packages, their faces beamed and their bright smiles ___13__ up the room. The __14___ in the room was obvious, and it wasn’ just about toys. was a feeling---the t It feeling I knew from that Christmas so long ago when the women came to visit.I wasn’t forgotten.Somebody still remembered me.I know I___15___. 1.A.sending B.receiving C.making D.exchanging 2.A.found B.prepared C.got D.expected 3.A.broke in B.settled down C.showed up D.turned off 4.A.puzzled B.embarrassed C.worried D.relieved 5.A.present B.first C.recent D.previous 6.A.hardly B.suddenly C.regularly D.occasionally 7.A.strength B.sadness C.importance D.safety 8.A.know B.reach C.remember D.mention 9.A.kept up with B.caught up with C.came up with D.put up with 10.A.fine B.special C.helpful D.normal 11.A.reminded B.waited C.convinced D.promised 12.A.chance B.gift C.moment D.reward 13.A.lit B.took C.burned D.cheered 14.A.atmosphere B.sympathy C.calmness D.joy 15.A.matter B.wonder C.doubt D.suppose 参考答案 1-5 BCCBB 6-10 BCBCB 11-15 ACADA 4One day, a train was approaching the small town of Cheekyville. On the train was a 1 man with a big suitcase. He was called William Warbler and he looked very 2 indeed. But what made him most unusual was the fact that whenever he needed to 3 , he did so by singing opera. Even if someone said “good day” to him, he would clear his throat and 4 : “Goood dayyy to youuuuuu..... toooooo!” Almost everyone considered William unusual, since no one could get a normal 5 word out of him. As no one knew how he made his living — he lived quite 6 , always wearing the same old second-hand suit — they often had no respect for him and sometimes even 7 him. William had been in Cheekyville for some years, when one day a rumor (谣言) spread that William had received a role in a very important 8 in the nation’s capital, that there had been posters everywhere advertising the event, and that it had been a great 9 . And to everyone’s surprise, when William was being interviewed by reporters, he answered their questions by speaking with good 10 , and with a clear and pleasant voice. From that day on, William gave up 11 at all hours. Now he sang only during his stage appearances. People wouldn’t have thought him 12 if they had seen what William kept in his big suitcase. It was a large 13 , with a hand-carved message on it. The message said, “Practice every second, for you never know when your 14 will come.” Little did people realize that he only got the role in the opera because the 15 had heard William singing while out buying a newspaper. 1. A. tall B. sensitive C. handsome D. strange 2. A. common B. concerned C. wealthy D. confident

3. A. appear B. practice C. communicate D. debate 4. A. whisper B. respond C. repeat D. tease 5. A. advised B. printed C. written D. spoken 6. A. simply B. naturally C. calmly D. fortunately 7. A. had mercy on B. made fun of C. ran after D. were angry with 8. A. concert B. documentary C. opera D. film 9. A. experience B. benefit C. discovery D. success 10. A. movements B. manners C. efforts D. signs 11. A. pretending B. recording C. singing D. wandering 12. A. mad B. skillful C. artificial D. desperate 13. A. knife B. stone C. medal D. diamond 14. A. solution B. inspiration C. performance D. chance 15. A. neighbor B. visitor C. director D. teacher 参考答案 1-5 DACBD 6-10 ABCDB 11-15 CABDC 名句共勉 Experience is the father of wisdom and memory the mother 经验是智慧之父 记忆是智慧之母


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