BⅢ UNITS 13～16
类型：记叙文 典例：(2010· 高考浙江卷)李越被评为你们班的“每周之星”。 叙述李越在上周六，不顾天气炎热，为班级选购歌咏比赛服 装的事迹及其对其他同学的影响；并发表你的评论。
Student of the Week Li Yue has been awarded the title of “Star Student of the Week” for what she did for our class.On the hot afternoon of last Saturday，Li Yue went downtown and walked from one store to another，looking for the costumes we would wear in the singing contest.? While the rest of us were enjoying our leisure time in cool and comfortable rooms，she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting.Finally， she found the right clothes.?Deeply moved by her efforts， we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest. Li Yue is always warmhearted and cares a lot about the class.Besides，she often devotes her spare time to helping others.She deserves the honor and we should learn from her.
?While the rest of us were enjoying our leisure time in cool and comfortable rooms，she spent the whole afternoon
searching and selecting.
The rest of us were having a rest in cool and comfortable rooms，while she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting. ?Deeply moved by her efforts，we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest. As we were deeply moved by her efforts，we spared no pains and finally we won the first prize in the contest.
Unit 13 The mystery of the Moonstone 月长石之谜
基 础 盘 点 自 测 自 评
考 点 串 讲 讲 练 互 动
considerate 1．It was____________(考虑周到的)of you not to play the piano while I was sleeping. guilty 2．I felt____________(内疚的)about not visiting my parents
Meanwhile 3．The doctor will see you again next week.____________(与 此同时)，you must rest as much as possible. astonished 4．It____________(惊讶)everyone present that a journalist threw a shoe at the chairman.
5．You might as well talk to a stone as try to argue with stubborn a____________(倔强的)woman. 6．If the weather remains terrible，we’ll have
cancel to____________(取消)our holiday plans.
innocent 7．He was charged with murder but found____________(无 辜的)later.
8．My friend____________me with my English.With assisted assistance his____________，I have made great progress in
considerate 1．be ____________ to/towards sb. 对某人体贴
live/lead 2．____________ a．..life 过着……的生活
3．pass ____________...to... 把……传给…… on in 4．be ____________ love with 与……相爱 5．____________ a degree 在某种程度上 to set 6．be ____________ in 以……为背景 out 7．keep ____________ of 使避开，使在外面 to 8．be engaged ____________ sb. 和某人订婚
1．As the story develops，we discover some secrets about the people at the house that night，and the why reasons____________they might have stolen the diamond. 随着故事的发展，我们发现了那天晚上房屋里那些人的一些 秘密，以及他们可能盗窃宝石的原因。 Whoever 2．____________is guilty must have a stain on his or her clothes.
3．____________ by the loss of such a valuable jewel， Troubled Rachel’s mother hires the famous detective Sergeant Cuff to
investigate the theft.
1. astonish vt. 使惊讶；使震惊 (教材P112)All the guests are astonished by its size and rare beauty.所有的客人都为这块宝石的体积和绝无仅有的美丽而 感到惊奇。 ①(牛津P105)It astonishes me that he could be so thoughtless.
?be ? (1)? ?be ?
astonished by/at被……惊吓 astonished to do sth.对做某事感到惊讶
(2)astonishment n．惊奇，惊愕 in/with astonishment 惊奇地，吃惊地 to one’s astonishment 令人感到惊讶的是…… (3)astonished adj.(人)感到惊讶的 astonishing adj.惊人的，令人惊讶的
②It was quite astonishing that they didn’t go to church
③To our great astonishment，the boss wasn’t astonished at the astonishing news at all. 使我们非常吃惊的是，老板对这个令人吃惊的消息一点也 不吃惊。
[即境活用] 1．用astonished，astonishment，astonishing填空。 (1)Much to our_____________，the lazy boy won the contest. astonishment astonished (2)We were____________to hear of her sudden death. astonishing (3)China is developing at an______________speed，and will soon be one of the most powerful countries in the world.
(教材P112)Is it coincidence or is it the Moonstone’s bad luck that causes the tension and strange things that happen during the rest of the evening？是巧合还是月亮宝石的厄运使得那天 晚上发生了紧张而奇异的情况吗？ ①(牛津P375)What a coincidence！I wasn’t expecting to see you here.真巧！我没料到会在这里见到你。 ②(牛津P375)By coincidence，I met the person we’d been
discussing the next day.
真是巧了，我在第二天遇见了我们一直在谈论的那个人。 ③(牛津P375)It’s not a coincidence that none of the directors
?It is a ? (1)? ?What ? ?by ? (2)? ?on ?
coincidence that...……是巧合的 a coincidence！真巧！
coincidence/accident/chance碰巧，偶然地 purpose/by design故意地
[即境活用] 2．完成句子 By coincidence (1)________________(碰巧的是)a bus arrived as we reached the empty bus stop，but we ignored it. It can’t be a coincidence (2)________________________(一定不是巧合)that four jewelry stores were robbed in one night.
3.convince vt. 使确信；说服 (教材 P115)I was convinced that she had taken her own diamond，and that Rosanna had assisted her. 我确信她拿回了自己的钻石，是罗莎娜帮了她的忙。 ?convince sb.of sth.使某人相信某事 ? ?convince sb.to do sth.说服某人去做某事 ? ?convince sb.that...使某人确信…… ①(牛津 P438)I’ve been trying to convince him to see a doctor. 我一直劝他去看病。 ②You need to convince your interviewer of your ability to master the work. 你需要让你的面试官相信你有驾驭这份工作的能力。
be convinced thatclause/of sth.确信…… convincing adj.有说服力的，令人信服的 ③I am convinced that sooner or later we will succeed. 我确信我们迟早会成功的。
④We are convinced of the safety of these products.
[即境活用] 3．Scientists are convinced ________ the positive effect of laughter ________ physical and mental health. A．of；at C．of；on B．by；in D．on；at
解析：选C。句意：科学家们坚信笑对身心健康有积极影 响。be convinced of＝be completely sure about sth.坚信， 深信，确信；effect常与on连用，意为“对……的影响”。以 上两个均属于固定搭配，故选C。
4. assume vt. 假定；设想；假装；承担 (教材 P115)I assumed her maid had taken Rachel’s garment with the paint stain，hidden it，and then secretly made a new one in her room during the night. 我设想她的女佣已拿走了雷切尔的涂料染色的服装， 并隐藏了 它，然后在那个夜晚又偷偷在她房间放了一件新的。
?assume sth./that...假设…… ? ?assume sb.to be认为某人是 ?It is generally assumed that普遍认为…… ?
①(牛津P104)It is reasonable to assume that the economy will
continue to improve.认为经济将继续好转是有道理的。 ②(牛津P104)Let us assume for a moment that the plan
③(牛津P104)It is generally assumed that stress is caused by too much work.普遍认为，紧张是工作过度所致。
归纳拓展 ?assumption n. 假定；假设 ? (1)?make an assumption 认为，假定 ? ?on the assumption that 假定 (2)assuming that...假设/假定……
④Assuming that the proposal is accepted，when are we going to get the money?
⑤A lot of people make the assumption that poverty only exists in the Third World. 许多人认为贫困仅仅存在于第三世界。
4．We all can go out for a picnic this afternoon－
________that the others agree. A．to assume C．assume B．assumed D．assuming
解析：选D。assuming that...“假定……”。类似表达还有： providing/supposing (that)．..。
vt.& vi. 谈论；议论；评论
(教材P116)You may remember that Franklin was suffering from lack of sleep at the time of Rachel’s birthday，and had
upset Dr Candy with his remarks about doctors.
?make ? ? ?make ?
a remark about sth.评论某事 no remark不加评说
① He made a remark on Liu Xiang’s success in the Guangdong Asian Games. 他对刘翔在广东亚运会上的成功作出了评论。 ②The customer made some kind remarks about our service. 那位顾客对我们的服务作出了好评。
remark on/upon sth.就某事发表意见
③(朗文P1726)Several people remarked that Bill seemed like a nice man.有好几个人都说比尔似乎像个好人。 ④It would be rude to remark upon/on other’s appearance. 对他人的相貌评头论足是不礼貌的。
[即境活用] 5．完成句子 (1)老师评论说那篇文章写得很好。 The teacher remarked that __________________________the article was well written.
He was shocked by their angry to his innocent remarks reaction_______________________________.
(教材P116)Franklin Blake，meanwhile，received a letter...
富兰克林· 布莱克，同时，收到一封信…… ①(朗文P1279)The flight will be announced soon.Meanwhile，
please remain seated.
归纳拓展 in the meanwhile? ? ?在此期间，与此同时 in the meantime ? ?
②The conference will begin in an hour，in the meantime，
let’s have coffee!
[即境活用] 6．Jim went to answer the phone.________， Harry started to prepare lunch. A．However B．Neverthelesss
(教材P112)Troubled by the loss of such a valuable jewel， Rachel’s mother hires the famous detective Sergeant Cuff to
investigate the theft.
[句法分析] 句首的trouble与句子的主语Rachel’s mother形成逻辑上 的被动关系，表示她受到困扰，所以trouble用过去分词
①Attracted by the beauty of nature，the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm.
场住两天。 ②Faced with a difficult situation，he decided to turn to
his teacher for help.面对困境，他决定向老师求助。
7．(2013· 江苏南京模拟)________with a gradual rise of seawater，some nations in the Pacific are considering moving in the near future. A．Facing C．Faced B．To face D．Being faced
解析：选C。空处表示“面对海水不断上涨(的情况)”，本题 中faced with相当于facing。