高考语法复习 主谓一致 高考考点分析 1、用and连接两个并列成分； 2、介词with 伴随主语； 3、就近原则； 4、各种代词的主谓一致; 5、短语和从句作主语； 6、定语从句中的主谓一致。 问题1： When and where to build the new factory ____ yet. A. is not decided B. are not decid
ed C. has not decided D. have not decided ? 这个句子看上去是and连接的两个并列短语充当主 语，本应用复数形式的谓语，但这两个短语表达 的是同一事件的两个方面，可以看成是一个整体， 因此使用单数的谓语动词；而从句意可判断此句 谓语动词需使用被动语态， 归纳一： 1．两个或两个以上做主语的单数名词用and 连接，谓语用复数． Tom and Dick are good friends. 但若表示一个集合体时则用单数。 A singer and dancer was present at the party. The worker and writer is talking to the students。 Bread and butter tastes good. 类似的表达式有： ( a needle and thread, a horse and cart, a watch and chain, a coat and tie, truth and honesty) 2．用 and 连接的两个名词若被 no, each, every, many a 修饰，则谓语动词用单数。 No bird and no beast is seen in the bare island. Many a boy and many a girl has made such a funny experiment. At Christmas each boy and each girl is given a present. 问题3： Not only I but also Jane and Mary ___ tired of having one examination after another. A. is B. are C. am D. be ? 以连词or, either…or , neither …nor, there be, not only…but also 连接的复合主语，其谓语与其相 邻的那个名词的数保持一致。 Eg. You or I____ to be invited.(be) 邻近原则 问题4： Nobody but Jane _____the secret. (1999) A. know B. knows C. have known D. is known ? either, neither, each, every 或no + 单数名词和 由some, any, no, every 构成的复合不定代词都作 单数看待。 Each of us has a new pen . Everything around us is new. 问题5： The number of people invited _______ fifty, but a number of them ________ absent for different reasons . A. were, was B.