一．短文改错设置的错误的主要类型 1.名词的单复数 2.动词的时态和语态 3.非谓语动词 4.介词的搭配 5.主谓一致 6.冠词 7.固定搭配 8.行文逻辑一致性 9.词性的混淆 10.同义词辨异 11.连词吴用 12.代词的格与数 13.句子成份残缺
过程可把初步确认的错误标出。 2.然后再从以下几个方面仔细推敲。 （1）动词→查时态，第三人称单数、非谓语动词、语态、主复句时态是否一致。 及物动词多介词或副词以及不及物动词少介词。 （2）代词→查前后是否一致。it 的用法，以及指示代词、人称代词、不定代词、 关系代词的用法是否有误。
（3）介词→查搭配及容易误用的介词。 ① 介词省略
I am sure you will get rid the sorrow and unhappiness caused by the disaster. Get rid of 是固定搭配 意思是摆脱，除去 ② 介词多余 My wife is also happy because of I have given up smoking.用法的辨别区分。 这里显然是 because 与 because of ③ 介词用错（一般为固定搭配） I pick out her false hair and said “ Don’t be sad , Miss.” pick out 挑剔 应该改为 pick up 捡起 （4）形容词副词→查词性有否混淆，形容词与副词的比较级、最高级的用法， 修饰比较级的副词等。 （5）名词→查单复数，可数不可数，是否加冠词，the，a 还是 an，主谓一致问 题。 （6）连词→查上下文之间的逻辑关系。是否误用。but 转折，and 并列， because 因为。 3.重读全文，仔细推敲改正后的短文。读起来是否通顺，逻辑思维与短文脉络是 否合理，词汇的用法、句子结构是否合理。
Passage 1 During weekend I traveled by air at the first time in my life. I usually travel by train or by bus. It’s all cheaper
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and safe. But to fly in the sky was anything new to me. At the beginning I felt a little of nervous. But very soon I become excited when I found myself high up in the sky among the cloud. I also found that the mountains, fields or rivers were interesting small. I enjoyed the journey very much.
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Passage 2 Many people were not satisfied with the manager of the cinema, for some ladies saw films with their hats on blocked their view. They suggested the manager put on a notice asked the ladies to take off their hats when seeing films. The manager said that it would not polite to ask ladies to take off their hats and ladies would protect their rights to wear their hats. And the next day, the following words were appeared on the screen before the film on:” Considering the old ladies’ advanced age, this cinema allows them wear their hats when seeing films.” All ladies took their hats off after they saw the notice. 8 9 10 11 12 5 6 7 3 4 1 2