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动词现在分词作表语,定语和宾补


动词 –ing 形式作表语,定语和宾补
一、动词-ing 形式作表语: 1、常用来说明主语的具体内容,主语和表语的位置可以互换。 译:他的工作是在当地的一间中学教化学。 2、表示主语所具有的性质、特征等。 译:不论我什么时候遇到困难,老师的话都极具感召力。 我们在那家工厂所看到的情况令人震惊。 二、 动词 -ing 形式作定语: 1、动词 -ing 形式作定语时,单个词常常放在被修饰词的前边,短语则放在被修饰词的后面。 Ving 说明被修饰名词的用途时, 通常可以改为 for 短语;Ving 说明被修饰名词发出的的动作时,可 以转换成对应的定语从句。 Explain the phrases or setences in English: a sleeping car = a swimming pool = a swimming fish = a sleeping baby = a sleeping bag = a barking dog = Students wishing to go hiking should sigh their names here. = 2、要注意现在分词做定语与过去分词,不定式作定语的区别: (1)现在分词作定语表示一个主动的,正在进行的动作。 (2)及物动词的过去分词作定语表示一个被动的,已完成的动作。 (3)现在分词的被动语态(being+过去分词)作定语表示一个被动的,正在进行的动作。 (4)不定式作定语表示一个将要发生的动作。 用动词的适当形式填空: 1) The new No. 1 Middle School (build) is to be completed in a couple of years. 2) The woman (speak) with Tom is his mother. 3) The computer center, (build) last term, is very popular among the students. 4) The patient (examine) next is waiting outside, 5) The texts (learn) this term is still remembered clearly. 6)The building (set ) up last year now is our library. 7) The building (set ) up now will be our new company. 8) The building (set ) up next year will be our new company. 9) There was an old temple ( stand ) at the top of the hill. 10)There was an old man ( live ) in the village. 11) He was the first person (come) to the classroom this morning. 12) The only thing (get )is the diamond necklace. 13) The ( surprise) news made us (surprise). 14) The ( interest )man, Chaplin, interested us all. 15) There appeared a ( worry ) look on his face. 16) She tried to hide her ( dissatisfy) expression in public. 17)The boy is wearing a tiger mask, so he is looking (frighten). 18)译:falling leaves fallen leaves
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boiling water boiled water 三.动词 -ing 形式做宾语补足语。 动词 -ing 形式主要用于以下三类动词后构成宾语补足语: 1. 感观动词+名词+Ving (表示该动作正在进行) 感观动词有: 译:我感到一只蚂蚁正在我的腿上爬。 突然我注意到她正站在外边。 你听见有人在哭吗? 我听见他敲了三次门。 你看见有两个穿着白衣裳的人站在你身旁吗? 2、 have, get, leave, keep,等使役动词或状态动词后接 Ving 作宾语补足语,表示使….处于某种状 态。 译:对不起,让你久等。 他们关上门,走了,留下火在燃烧。 3、 表示致使的动词:set, start, send 后接 Ving 表示令….正在…. 译:他的话让我开始思考。 4、with + n. + doing sth, + 句子 译:由于那噪音一直在继续着,我无法专心做我的作业。 有当地的一个村民当我们的导游,我们就不难到处诳诳了。 5、现在分词与过去分词与省略to 的不定式作宾语补足语的区别: whom flns(宾语补足语动词)+sb do (表示主动的经常性动作或动作的全过程已完成) +sb doing sth.(正在进行/持续进行的动作) +sth done(被动的动作) 1)Have you ( hear ) this song ( sing ) before? 2)She was surprised to find the house ( break ) into when she went back home. 3)Unfortunately, he got his wallet ( steal ) on the bus. 4)We are interested in hearing him ( tell ) us the news. 5)He won’t have us ( criticize ) him. 6)It’s a bad habit to leave the work ( undo ). 7)Yesterday I caught him ( take ) my dictionary when I went into the classroom. 用非谓语动词把以下句子改为简单句或含有非谓语动词的复合句: 1. The girl is sitting at the back of the classroom; she is my seatmate. 2. The meeting will be held tomorrow; it is very important. 3. The poem was written by Shakespeare. Have you ever read it? 4. The bird flu is sweeping through Asia. It has jumped from birds to humans at least 20 times so far. 5. What worried me most was that I would not be allowed to go abroad alone. 6. We lived in a room that faced the south.
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Keys: 一、1. His job is teaching chemistry in a local middle school. 2. The teacher ’s words were greatly inspiring whenever I met with difficulties. What we saw in the factory was astonishing. 二、2.1) being built 2) speaking 3) built 4) to be examined 5) learnt 6) set 7) being set 8) to be set 9) standing 10) living 11) to come 12) to get 13) surprising, surprised 14) interesting 15) worried 16) dissatisfied 17) frightening 18) 正在飘落的叶子,已落下的叶子; 正沸腾的水,沸腾过的水 三、1. I feel an ant climbing on my leg. I noticed her standing outside. Do you hear someone crying? I heard him knock at the door three times. Can you see two men dressed in white standing near you? 2. I’m sorry for keeping you waiting so long! They closed the door and went away, leaving the fire burning. 3. His words started me thinking. 4. I couldn’t focus on my homework with all that noise going on. With a native villager acting as our guide, we had no trouble getting around. 5. 1) heard, sung 2) broken 3) stolen 4) telling 5) critizing 6) undone 7) taking 改写句子: 1. The girl sitting at the back of the classroom is my seatmate. 2. The meeting to be held tomorrow is very important. 3. Have you ever read the poem written by Shakespeare?
4. The bird flu sweeping through Asia has jumped from birds to humans at least 20 times so far.

5. What worried me most was my not being allowed to go abroad alone. 6. We lived in a room facing the south.

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