《远大前程》 是一部描写个人成长的小说.其主人公匹普通过讲述自己的生活经历,向读 者展示出一幅十九世纪二十年代英国社会的真实画面.小说主要描写了一个自由、纯朴的青 年很容易地被金钱地位所俘虏,变得虚荣、伪善、势力、忘恩负义.这是对资本主义社会的揭 露与抨击,对人性弱点的研究和探索. 该文重点在于对当时存在的丑恶的现实的揭露与批判, 当时人们对名利及社会地位的追求,扭曲了的婚姻观、
司法机构内部的黑暗和腐败.以上几个 方面是当时英国社会的一个缩影. 总的来说,《远大前程》是狄更斯的一部成熟的作品,它不 仅体现了其写作技巧的成熟和发展,而且也是狄更斯思想最完整和具体的表达.
此部查尔斯·狄更斯《远大前程》先后被多次被翻拍成电影，其中我们星期三看的那 部是 1998 年版的，既然是又文学名著改变的剧本，那么主题就在小说的中，导演就得按照 原著把文字转化成视频， 因而这得里必须了解狄更斯。 这部作品， 是由狄更斯在晚期的写的， 综合了他自己的人生观，价值观，世界观。所以在狄更斯经历了世事沧桑后，得出了“环境 决定本质“的哲学理念，因而著成了这部《远大前程》剧情我不多了，你看了得。 首先，我们把主角的人生阶段分成 3 个阶段：小时候，年轻，中年（事业有成） ，其实 这本电影是从“命运决定遇到的人”到“人决定了环境”再到“环境改变了思想”最后“思 想改变了命运。 ”所以主任公的命运基于机缘巧合，证明了这种世事的无常，无规律，变化 快慢，使得一生具有了戏剧的化的人生，因而改变了自我的思想，小时候的天真，胆小，单 纯， 把自己活活的包裹起来， 影片在开头， 用一个特写， 就在展现主角手持画笔， 这个镜头， 有 2 个意思，一是为下文他成为一个画家埋下伏笔，2 是画的内容是一只鱼，也是本电影的 一个“象征”物，所以后大全景展现大海，此刻就可以联想到鱼在大海畅游，因儿，就暗示 了，主角对未来充满了美好的想象，所以也照应了题目《远大前程》大海是广阔无垠的，愿 成为鱼畅游在大海，畅游未来世界，造就远大前程的根基。所以在影片中，第 2 次出现鱼， 是在小男孩踏进女主人公的庄园，此刻一个特写，他用脚划开草地上的一块空缺，上面是个 鱼的图形，此时又一次暗示了，主人公命运的变化，此处我理解是得是： “鱼重要游到了命 运所安排的地方” 呵呵戏剧化。 也是暗示主人公命运变化的基本， 从而更深刻的照应了主题， 环境得到了一次巨大的变换，主人公家境普通，而庄园富贵堂皇，是一个环境天翻地覆改变 的营造，当然完美的视觉构图给与了这个主题鲜明的体现。O(∩_∩)O~。此时主人工遇到了 第一个人改变他思想，命运的人“老妇人” 。其实是老妇人的一种思想，改变主角对自己梦 想的态度， 就是对艺术的执着， 从话中他们的对话中可以清晰的看见， 老妇人即使一声有钱， 有实力，但是她爱好跳舞，却没人和她共舞，她对舞蹈的追求只限于个人，在家里的的全景 刻画中，大量的艺术作品，体现了老妇人的环境出生在艺术的环境下，因而着迷与自己的爱 好，当老妇人得知主角喜欢画画，毫不犹豫的就让他画，这也是从这一刻起，主角的心开始 放开，追求其自己的梦想。此时她人生中第 2 个改变他思想的人，出现了女主角，我们来又 来看看一个对比，女主人公居住得环境，富贵，奢侈，穿着漂亮，而男主角却朴素，简单， 而且对待问题的态度也不同， 所以狄更斯再次就用 “出生环境” 映射了人最初的思想观念， ， 在那一刻，那主角其实就渐渐的爱上了女主角，那个接吻就是导演给予一个梦幻版的开端， 但是由于出生的环境不同， 使得男主角一直对这种爱情采取的是一种隐藏的心态， 这在哪里 可以看出啊，就是在与女主角发生性关系前那段，在他与女主角对话的时候，此处采用的全 景深的画面，主要突出的不是对话，而是后面那幅画，什么画，一只鱼的肚子里掩藏着一个 女人，这幅画暗示了，男主角心中由于环境不同而产生的自卑，把自己的爱牢牢的反锁了起 来。 我们再来看看，那个长镜头，是把男主人的这份爱推上高潮的的一个经典镜头，从画 展跑出，到雨中快速奔跑，再到餐厅把女主角牵出，跳舞，再离开餐厅，在雨中激吻。这个
长达几分钟的长镜头， 从本质解决的男主角内心压抑已久的爱情， 这也揭开了这部电影的另 一个小主题“为爱而坚持，为爱而大胆，为爱而不顾一切”此处为什么用长镜头饿，主要是 体现主人公内心的思绪没有停断，充分展现了，这份爱得执着，镜头的继续映射了，主人公 情绪的执着， 不放弃， 当然这个长镜头拍摄难度很大， 在雨中的奔跑的情景， 路上大雨猖獗， 但是也没有阻断他得追求。说完这个，再来看看，他得成名过程，他遇到了一个人，就是那 个情敌， 当他有幸来到纽约发展的时候， 其实暗示了环境的再一次改变也是他年轻的那段时 候，纽约给予人的第一感觉，这是一个大城市，灯红酒绿，金钱权利横行霸道的社会环境， 这个从哪里体现啊，那情敌就是他遇到的第 3 个命运人物，这个人，那句，你画画是按，尺 寸收费，还是时间，暗示了这是一个金钱的社会，艺术只是一种交易商品。情敌给予女主角 的是一个富贵的生活，女主角出生富贵，这也是从小环境觉得的思想进程，使得她的男朋友 也应该是有钱有势。所有此时，主人公为了赢得女主角的爱意，所以为了改变这自己从小的 环境，这是我们又要想起一个人，他命运中的个第 4 个人-------乔，抚养他得人，所以，他 开始脱离乔的照顾， 需要独立， 不要过上乔的那种简单， 贫穷的生活， 所欲这点体现在哪里， 在他成名之后，他对乔说了，自己多年的想法，乔也答应了，那个在画展门口的情景也带动 了他内心得真是感情，终究是环境让他开始独立，奋斗，奔向“远大前程” 。 最后我们再回过头来看看，改变他命运的核心人物，也是这戏剧化人生的中流砥柱。 那就是那个拯救了他命运的人---------罪犯，为什么会是一个罪犯改变了他，我个人认为，这 是狄更斯一个对人性的思考，因为，犯人一生经历的环境，使得自己得到了不义之财，这是 他自己的一个赎罪，他为了使得自己的一生活得有意义，做了一个大胆的诠释。罪犯在死亡 面前动的了，真的世界，真的社会，真的生活意义，所以他把一生得财富涌来帮助这个人， 一个有梦想的人，也是他自己儿时有梦想的一个写照，但是却得不到一种命运的改变，因而 也是残酷社会现实环境下得一个缩影，一个写照，狄更斯把罪与善，在此刻联系起来，解释 了，环境诠释了人的一切，罪犯一生为了逃避法律，警察而过着惶惶不安的生活，因而没了 生活的意义，所以他用这个年轻人的改变来，完成自己的一个梦想，在罪的环境下，带来的 只能是灰暗的人生，而善带来确实光明，他得目的就是想男主角的环境变是一个和谐，安定 的。 最后我也在提一个点，就是结尾，导演给予的是一个童话般的结尾， “丑小鸭”爱上了 “天鹅”的故事，最终的画面定格在海上，还是再一次照应了题目《远大前程》大海广阔无 垠。无边无际。生活将继续，命运也将继续，生命也将继续。但是最后也再词说明了一个问 题，在这个灯红酒绿的社会下，真爱胜过一切，但是现实往往也是残酷的，虽然这个结局是 完美的，当然物质基础决定上层建筑，O(∩_∩)O~，女主角最后和女主人公走在一起，单纯 的定出：爱需要坚持，永恒，但是女主角选择他，是因为他也有了钱，有了名，所以宗上所 述， “命运决定遇到的人”到“人决定了环境”再到“环境改变了思想”最后“思想改变了 命运。 ”
影评 2 Dim Expectations I was utterly disappointed by the latest BBC's adaptation of Dickens' Great Expectations. I had high hopes when I watched the first episode, thought they had made great casting choice. The boy who played young Pip was excellent, Ray Winston was a good choice for
Magwitch, and I quite liked Gillian Anderson's interpretation of Miss H. Then the grown up Pip and Estella arrived promptly at the second episode: Pip looked like a time traveller, being teleported back to 1800s from a 21st century public school with his fancy dress and finely plucked eyebrows. When he first showed up, he was already well suited to the upper class without any training required, his well powdered face had no trace of a day's hard work at the forge, and what's more, I noticed that he had highlights in his hair. Highlights in 1800s, BBC, you got to be joking! Estella was so plain looking and dead-eyed, her manly shoulders and twitchy lips conveyed no beauty and cold-heartedness of a Dickens' Estella, she truly turned my heart stone cold. I came to the sad conclusion that both actors could not act, they made the whole adaptation a pointless exercise. On the story front, the last two episodes were so rushed, the director and scriptwriter were determined to make this into a 1800s Eastenders, with many great characters deleted and plots altered. Although Shaun Dooley's portray of Joe embodied much love and warmth, without his funny accent/phrases and Biddy, he was incomplete. And what happened to MrJaggers' OCD, where is his soap smell? And, and they bigged up Orlick's part, and made him to have a punch up with Pip at the end, after he got knocked down by Pip and he was just left lying on the floor, viewers were given no clue whether he was dead. I know sometimes one have to make sacrifices when doing an adaptation, but to make so many alterations to a beloved story is sacrilegious. The only saving grace is the marshland, it is truly stunning to see it in colour.
A lager room,where curtains were closed to allow no daylight in,and the candles were lit,.in the centre of the room .there was a table,.at which was a lady.She was wearing a dressmade of rich material.She had a bride's flowers in her hair.butherhair was white.There were suitcases full of dresses and jewels around her.ready for a journey.She only had one white shoe on.the white wedding dress had becameyellow.and the flowers in her hair was died.and the bride inside the dress had grown old.Everything in the room was ancient and dying.the only brightness in the room was in her dark old eyes.Who was the lady?She was Miss havisham.a pitiful lady.Her mother died young.Her farther was very rich and very proud.with only one child,MissHavisham,by his first wife.Then he married his cook.and had a son by her.This son a half brther to Miss havisham,was a bad character,and did not inherit as mush from his farther as Miss Havisham.He fund a man.The man pretended he was in love with Miss havisham.She was certainly in love with him.and give him whatever money he asked for.The couple fixed the wedding day.the guest were invited.The dress and the cake were brought in the room.The day
came,but the man did not came…He broke her heart.She was angry .She wanted revenge.She adopt Estella.She wanted she to revenge.She said to Pip,who was deeply in love with Estella. “love her ,love her,love her !If she likes you,loveher!If she hurt you.loveher!if she tears your heart to pieces.loveher!”But she did not want Estella to marry Pip.She let her marry another person,who Estella did not love.This is the story of Miss Havisham.She was hurt by a person.She wanted to hurt other persons.And she had done.This is no good for her.Only made her feel a little comfortable.and there was more victims in the world.there are so many persons in the world.when they were hurt they want to hurt other innocent persons.Athough this is no goodnforthem.but they did so.I do not know why they did so.Revenge?Made the world full of hateness.It is difficult to understand. Joe was very different from Miss Havisham.His farther drank a lot,and when he drank he used to hit his mother and Joe.Joe’s mother and Joe ran away fromhim,but he found them and took them home.and hit them.but Jos said that his farther had a good heart.It is difficult to understand.Pip’ssister,Joe’swife,a rude lady.She liked to be in charge and give orders.But Joe did not rebel.He said that when he thought of his por mother’s hard life.he was not afraid of not behaving right to a woman.so he’d rather seem a bit weak her than shouted at her.or hurt her.or hit her.He felt soory that she scrolded Pip as well.He wished that he could take all the scolding himself.What a kind person.Joe is other kind of person.When he was hurt.he would not let other peole suffer from it.he is very different from Miss Havisham.If there are more Jes live in the world,what the world will be?All of us can imagine.I did not say Joe is a very good person.I only say,ifsme one hurt you.It is his faults.and you can revenge t him.Please do not hurt other innocent poele.Miss Havisham and Joe are two persons made me think a lot in this book.Their different outlook on life. Pip is also an important persoon in the story.He fall in love with Estella.He studied as hard as he could.educating himself for her.Why did he love her?Because she is pretty?Because she is rich?Because she is proud?She did not treat him well.She give something eat to him.She put some bread and meat on the groundforhim.like a dog,but he did not hate her.he loved her as well.Beacause Pip loved her .he filt ashamed of his friends.he left from his home and his friends.I think it is not worth at all.If one persn do nt like you and treat you not vell Why do you like he? That’s my thoughts .
Plot summary: Great Expectations, by Charles Dickens Philip Pirrip, who is known as Pip because, not surprisingly, he finds it difficult to pronounce his name, has a terrifying childhood experience in a graveyard on the Kent marshes. A prisoner, who has escaped from a nearby prison ship, grabs hold of Pip and demands that he fetch food and a file to remove his manacles. Pip is an orphan, and he lives with his older sister and her husband, Joe Gargery, a village blacksmith. Soldiers come to the forge to repair some manacles, and then set off to search for the convict, whose name is Abel Magwitch. The latter allows himself to be caught, because the same fate then awaits his fellow escapee, the hated Compeyson.
Pip is invited to Satis House, ostensibly to be the playmate of Estella, who is the ward of Miss Havisham, a recluse who, many years previously, had been jilted at the altar. For Miss Havisham, time stood still on that day, so the clocks are never wound, the wedding cake stands where it always did, now covered in cobwebs, and she still wears her wedding dress. She has sworn to revenge herself on men, and she is bringing Estella up to think the same way. However, Pip falls in love with Estella, and at Satis House he also meets a boy of his own age who is playing in the grounds. This is Herbert Pocket. Jaggers, who is Miss Havisham's lawyer, comes to the forge, where Pip is apprenticed to Joe, to tell Pip that he has "great expectations" that will come to him from an unknown benefactor, whom Pip assumes must be Miss Havisham. Joe releases Pip from his apprenticeship and he travels to London, where he is befriended by Wemmick, Jaggers's clerk, and Herbert Pocket. Meanwhile, his sister, Mrs Joe, is brutally murdered at the forge. Pip has a hard time of it in London, including financial difficulties caused by his belief in those "great expectations" coming to fruition, and the knowledge that Estella has rejected him in favour of Bentley Drummle. The worst shock is the reappearance of Magwitch, who has escaped from the penal colony in Australia to which he had been transported. Magwitch tells him that it is he, and not Miss Havisham, who is his mysterious benefactor. However, this horrifies the somewhat snobbish Pip, and he determines to help Magwitch to get out of the country. Returning to Satis House, Pip asks Miss Havisham for help to set Herbert Pocket up in business. However, she gets too close to the open fire and her dress catches light. Pip is able to douse the flames, but Miss Havisham dies from her burns. Before she does so, she implores Pip's forgiveness and gives him clues that Estella is the daughter of Magwitch and Jaggers's housekeeper. Pip gets a mysterious message that calls him back to the Kent marshes. There he is nearly killed by Orlick, who works with Joe and who is revealed to be the murderer of Mrs Joe. Pip is rescued by Herbert. Pip and Herbert return to London, where they are about to execute Magwitch's escape, but they learn that they are being watched. The plan is to take a boat down the river, but they are intercepted by officers who are guided by Compeyson. In the struggle, Magwitch is wounded and Compeyson drowns. Magwitch is condemned to hang, but dies before this can happen. Pip returns to the forge, intending to propose to his childhood sweetheart, Biddy, but finds that she has married Joe. Pip goes to Egypt to join Herbert Pocket's shipping firm, and only returns several years later to find and marry Estella, who is now widowed.
Women’s inferior state —— thoughts on Great Expectations Dickens is not a writer disdaining women. Instead ， he loves ， respects and takes care of them. However, in his novels, he unconsciously degrades w omen and puts them inferior to men. Great Expectations is evidence to my thesis. There are three aspects in this novel that I believe this kind of thought of Dickens is reveal ed. The first one is that women are fragile. That is not because those women are in lack of will, but that they need surviving abilities and that of self-survival and struggle against destiny. They al ways turn to men. That can be called “hero saving the beauty”. This notion originated in the Gre ek tales but is still adopted successively. The only difference between them lies in the plot and str ucture. Estella is adopted and trained to break men?s hearts by Miss Havisham. Havisham reveng es men and marries Estella to an unworthy guy though Pip deeply loves Estella. Nothing can be bi tterer than see his lover married to another guy for a man. Pip really fell into the despair of losing Estella. However, Estella suffers a lot and begins to regret for her initial choice for her spouse and begins to treasure Then comes my second point. Facing destiny, women are physically and intellectually inferi or to men. Actually it does not mean they have an inferior intelligence, but that it seems so. Or w e can say that both men and women have the same potential of intelligence, but women never s how a lot. God creates everyone equally, but not everyone is granted the same approaches to suc cess or achievements. Women are restricted to families, which restricts them from showing a lot. They can cook food well, which is one standard for their excellence but not the one for male. The novel goes this way since it implies the male consciousness. The ordinary intelligence of women i n marriage and love is exposed completely. Havisham is abandoned on her wedding day, but she keeps the room like the day she got married, while on the other hand she tries every means to re venge men. Bearing these two conflictive thoughts in mind, Havisham certainly fails to live her o wn life out of the control or influence from male. The discipline for women is my third point. A feminist De Bufuwa says: “One is called wom an because she is ?made? not ?born?.” Culturally woman is the product of society and the result of its strict restrictions. Those women who do not obey the disciplines are not regarded as gracio us or good women by social criteria, which emphasizes on families, the responsibilities for their h usbands and their dependence on men. In Great Expectations, Estella and Havisham?s misfortun es are closely attached to love and marriage. They try to revenge men and but they cannot leave men. Es tella leaves Pip, but at last she comes back to him. And Havisham keeps thinking about her marria ge day and her husband. So in Dickens?s novel, women are decent on surface, but failed in heart. Every period has an outstanding feature, which make descendants linger in mind. To learn this n ovel can help us in understanding better women?s efforts to stand up. Society presses public to b elieve that male plays a dominant role. Havisham can symbolize a feminist but what then? She ne eds a male accompany. Her ending somewhat is tragic but Estella harvests through a long time, b ut anyway she wins in depending man and leading a pleasant life.
The above is what I get from the novel in the textbook. And to conclude my opinion in one sentence, I should say ： women depend on men. That is not my opinion, but what I get. I have to mention that again sinc e I myself is one part of that group and I am not willing to take a subordinate role in both family a nd society.
远大前程英文读后感 Great Expectations “ Great expectations” is one of Dicken’s most maturest works. After Dicken had experienced large part of meaningful life, he had a deeper cognition for people, environment, as well as the life which he had gone through. And all the mature cognitions are included in this writing---Great expectations. pip was brought up by his sister who was unpleasant as well as crude and her friendly blacksmith husband—Joe. Joe himself had arranged a common hard but satisfied path for pip to go through, and on the other hand, pip beheld this as his highest goal to achieve. But the two things which he had experienced later had changed his pursue and his fate as well. Met Abel Magwith(an escaped convict) in the swamp, and unwillingly helped him out of danger by stealing food from his own home. If say that had changed his attitude for material life, then, his introduction to Miss Havisham, an aging woman who had been jilted at the alter and Estella who had been brought up by Havisham only to revenge for her own pain had brought vast shock for his world of spirit. Aspiring to be a gentleman despite his humble born, pip fortunately or unfortunately received a fund of wealth from an unknown source and being sent to London with a lawyer. From then on, he became a gentleman without question at the price of losing everything. The title of this book is ‘Great expectations” which make an impression on us that the character would have great expectations just as the title goes. But in fact this title has a tone of sarcastic on the other way around. This story full of quirkiness from the very beginning to the end, the relations among characters are anfractuous as well which actually attracted me a lot. One of the paragraphs, which I appreciate most implicatively as well as beautifully expresses the feeling between pip and Estella. “We are friends,” said I, rising and bending over her, as she rose from the bench. ‘And will continue friends apart.” Said Estella. I took his hand in mine, and we went out of the ruined place; and, as the morning mists had risen long ago when I first let the forge, so, the evening mists were rising now, and in all the broad expanse of tranquil light they showed to me, I saw no shadow of another parting from her. At the view of language, this works had achieved a step o f highest, Dicken had made this writing plain and fluent as well, which surely can attract lots of readers and high comments. To be frank, I really impressed by this art of beauty. So I like Dicken’s works very much.
“Great expectations” is one of Dicken’s most maturest works. After Dicken had experienced large part of meaningful life, he had a deeper cognition for people, environment, as well as the life which he had gone through. And all the mature cognitions are included in this writing---Great expectations. Pip was brought up by his sister who was unpleasant as well as crude and her friendly blacksmith husband—Joe. Joe himself had arranged a common hard but satisfied path for Pip to go through, and on the other hand, Pip beheld this as his highest goal to achieve. But the two things which he had experienced later had changed his pursue and his fate as well. Met Abel Magwith(an escaped convict) in the swamp, and unwillingly helped him out of danger by stealing food from his own home. If say that had changed his attitude for material life, then, his introduction to Miss Havisham, an aging woman who had been jilted at the alter and Estella who had been brought up by Havisham only to revenge for her own pain had brought vast shock for his world of spirit. Aspiring to be a gentleman despite his humble born, Pip fortunately or unfortunately received a fund of wealth from an unknown source and being sent to London with a lawyer. From then on, he became a gentleman without question at the price of losing everything. The title of this book is ‘Great expectations” which make an impression on us that the character would have great expectations just as the title goes. But in fact this title has a tone of sarcastic on the other way around. This story full of quirkiness from the very beginning to the end, the relations among characters are anfractuous as well which actually attracted me a lot. One of the paragraphs, which I appreciate most implicatively as well as beautifully expresses the feeling between Pip and Estella. “We are friends,” said I, rising and bending over her, as she rose from the bench. ‘And will continue friends apart.” Said Estella. I took his hand in mine, and we went out of the ruined place; and, as the morning mists had risen long ago when I first let the forge, so, the evening mists were rising now, and in all the broad expanse of tranquil light they showed to me, I saw no shadow of another parting from her. At the view of language, this works had achieved a step o f highest, Dicken had made this writing plain and fluent as well, which surely can attract lots of readers and high comments. To be frank, I really impressed by this art of beauty. So I like Dicken’s works very much.
《远大前程》读后感（原创哦！ ） "Great Expectations" has been considered to be one of Charles Dickens’ most mature and relatively late works. Having experienced a wealth of human life, Dickens got a profound understanding of human-being, the surrounding environment and his life experiences while all his mature thinking and understanding were summarized into the book "Great Expectations". The original meaning of the work’s title in fact is a heritage, but when it was translated into Chinese it gave me an impression that the title shows the hero of the story had Great Expectations. However, reading over the book I realized that this "Great Expectations" takes an ironic band——it should be said that the theme of this work not only told the story of orphan Pip
who wanted to be the ideal first-class disillusionment. If one does think so, he holds a wrong understanding of the great significance why Dickens creative the work. The hero Pip lived with his sister’s family. Though their life was hard, Pip didn’t wish to be a first-class person his vision was to be a blacksmith like his brother-in-law, his sister’s husband. The reason why he changed his mind and was eager to be a first-class person later was the changing of environment——he met Miss Harvisham, Estella and some other complex people. As we know one of Dickens's philosophy thoughts is environment takes a deep impact to humans’ ideological and the story expresses his view that different environment creates different people. In short, I think the work was not arbitrarily written, but was based on the 10 works before aggregating Dickens’ thoughts. What is more, Dickens had put his outlook on life, his views of philosophy and ethics into the great creation.
Reflection on Great Expectation -----My Reading Report of Great Expectation Class one Student No.10 Name: Anna Wang Great Expectation was written by Charles Dickens (1812-1870), one of the most popular writers of all the time, who created some of the best-known characters in English literature. Grea t Expectation is similar to David Copperfield in that it is the story of a boy growing up. Pip has lost his parents when he was fifteen years old. He was brought up by his sister and her husband--Joe Gargery, a blacksmith who takes Pip on as an apprentice, teaches him his trade and makes friends with him. One day before Christmas, when Pip went to the churchyard where his parents were buried, he met an escaping convict-- Abel Magwitch. Pip brought cakes for the h ungry man, which touched Abel deeply, although he was caught by police. After the Christmas, Pi p was invited to play with Estella, a beautiful girl adopted by Miss Havisham. Miss Havisham was t he richest man in the village. But she was very strange. She was dressed a bridal veil all the whole life after her fiancé left her at the wedding day, taking her a large amount of property. So she live d in the revenge and hated all the men. She treated Estella as a tool to take revenge on all man. When Pip met Estella, he loved her, so did Estella. But Estella knew she was just a tool to carry ou t the revenge plan of Miss Havisham, so she pretended to be proud, indifferent and look down up on Pip- a relative of a poor blacksmith, which broke Pip’s heart. As a consequence, Pip was deter mined to become a real gentleman who is in possession of money, good manners, luxurious life a nd a great expectation for Estella’s sake. Under the help of a stranger who donated a lot of mone y to him, Pip left Joe and the village, and went to London to live a luxurious life to learn to how to become a real gentleman. Pip started to waste money, look down upon other poor people, even including Joe, his brother-in-law and best friend! Gradually, Pip lost himself in the whirlpool of m oney, although he has had a large number of debts. As the same time, Estella has become more a nd more beautiful, graceful and brilliant. She walked in the crowd of men and married one of the m as the Miss Havisham’s wish, which really tore Pip into pieces. And, as the same time, the myst erious benefactor of Pip came out. He is Abel- the escaping convict whom Pip has helped. When he escaped from the prison again, he earned much money and wanted to pay back Pip in that wa y. But Abel soon was caught by police and died. The properties he gave to Pip also were confiscated by police. Pip fell from the heaven to hell. He couldn’t stand it. As a r
esult, he had a serious ill. After receiving a letter describing the bad situation of Pip, Joe came to London to look after Pip in spite of the bad attitude Pip ever towards him. After recovering, Pip realized his wrong. He decided to be a gentleman by his own endeavor. So he came back to the small village and spared no efforts to make business with his friend--Herbert. Several years later, Pip met Estella again at t he old house of Miss Havisham. After knowing her husband has died and the real reason why Est ella didn’t choose him before, Pip made a proposal to her. At last, the two lovers were in together and Pip found his real great expectation at the end. When I finished reading the novel, I also take consideration to the question “what a real gr eat expectation is?” In my opinion, great expectation not means money, luxurious life provided b y others, even the benefactors are your parents. It is our own dreams that we want to realize by o ur own efforts. Great expectation may be the further study, a respectable degree, a good job, a w arm family or something else. But we must know that our future and great expectation must be mastered by our own. We should working for them, fighting for them, even dying for them, what ever. Only when we got what we want by our own endeavor, can we say we have had a great exp ectation.