江苏省扬州师范大学附属中学 2013-2014 学年度第一学期期中 考试
高 一 英 语
本试卷分五部分 满分 120 分 考试时间 120 分钟。
第Ⅰ卷（共 81 分）
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 16 分) 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从
题中所给的 A,B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where are the speakers talking? A. In the living room. B. In the bedroom. C. At a furniture store. 2. How many friends is the man waiting for? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. 3. How much should the man pay for the tax? A. 8 dollars. B. 5 dollars. C. 4 dollars. 4. What will the woman bring to the party? A. Nothing. B. Some snacks. C. Some drinks. 5. What does the woman want to be? A. A singer. B. A director. C. An actress. 第二节（共 11 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 11 分） 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What does Mr. Green do? A. A manager. B. A professor. C. A doctor. 7. When can the man meet Mr. Green? A. On Tuesday morning. B. On Tuesday afternoon. C. On Wednesday afternoon. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where are the kids? A. At school. B. At Miller ’s home. C. In the kitchen. 9. Why does the woman get a chance to relax? A. A festival is coming. B. Her birthday is coming. C. John will look after kids for her. 10. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Friends. B. Neighbours. C. Husband and wife. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What are they doing? A. Playing a puzzle game. B. Doing a job test. C. Having an interview. 12. What isn’t Jennifer good at? A. Focusing well. B. Dealing with stress. C. Getting on with others. 13. How does Jennifer feel about the result? A. Surprised. B. Disappointed. C. Worried. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Where are they now? A. In Los Angeles. B. In New York. C. In San Francisco. 15. Why does the woman want to take a bus? A. It’s more convenient. B. It’s much cheaper. C. They can go sightseeing on it. 16. What are they going to do next? A. Travel by subway. B. Go for a walk. C. Leave the subway station. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并填涂到答题卡上。 17. As _____ matter of fact, you can’t expect to lose _____ weight simply by going on _____ diet. A. a, the, 不填 B. the, the, a C. a, 不填, a D. the, 不填, 不填 18. The efforts he has devoted during the past few years ______ the children in the remote areas have achieved a lot; several children have been admitted to key universities. A. to teach A. has discussed thought that ______. A. counts buildings. A. which lie B. which lies C. where lie D. where lies 22. The machine might break down someday in the future, _____, you can dial this number for help. A. in that case B. in whose case C. in which case D. in what case 23. —Linda didn’t invite us to her party. —______? I don’t care. A. So what B. For what C. How come D. Now what B. works C. comforts D. deserves 21. The most crowded part in a city is usually the city center, ______ many shopping malls and office B. to teaching B. is discussed C. teaching D. in teaching D. has been discussing 19. I don’t know what _____, but from their serious expressions I guess it must be an important problem. C. is being discussed 20. Although his present was’t worth too much, I still appreciated it very much. In my view, it’s the
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24. Last week we visited the farm ______ fruit was popular all over the world. A. that learning. A. As B. What C. When D. It 26. The animal walked very slowly and hard, _____ it had been seriously hurt on one leg. A. even if B. as if C. now that D. only if 27. The Chinese government has made the Mid-Autumn Festival a legal holiday, a day off. A. when B. which C. where D. what 28. With all teeth ______, the old man had a limited variety of choices on his diet. A. going out B. staying out C. working out D. falling out 29. Now I will announce the news that just yesterday, I said yes to that man who _____ me to marry him a thousand times during the past five years. A. asked B. has asked C. has been asking D. had been asking 30. It’s the third time that you have been unable to answer the same question, ______? A. is it B. isn’t it C. have you D. haven’t you 31. —I like playing basketball but this morning I wouldn’t like to. —______. A. So it is with me B. So do I C. Nor do I D. So would I 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early__32___of gardening may not have started from my love for nature. It was to ___33____my parents. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked with __34___at this work of natural art. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of garbage to her, “something else to ___35___!” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father ever thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something___36___to whatever my parents did! If gardening was something they found____37___,I would plant a garden! I planted some lily（百合花）seeds under the ground. But they failed to ___38___.I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses, Wild ____39_____joy,I found the first rose bloom（开花）.One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off.___40___,I was touched by this land of wonder. ___41___,my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even___42___at me because he found it was ___43____to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s ___44__,I put her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds(杂草)____45___flowers. Not caring about their ____46___,I kept on planting my garden and ____47___to enjoy the pleasure gardening. Plants make such good companions: they breathe, they bloom, they____48____to care and love. It has been many years since I made my first garden out of my desire to ____49___my parent. Today I become known as Mrs. Greenthumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show which makes my people will have B. where C. what D. whose 25. ______ is often the case, watching English films can be a fun experience and useful for English
parents feel very__50__.And now I could say it is my love for____51___that makes me a real gardener. 32. A. memory B. dream C. idea D. devotion 33. A. please B. change C. help D. annoy 34. A. disapproval B. satisfaction C. concentration D. embarrassment 35. A. stay up B. mix up C. clean up D. come up 36. A. equal B. available C. different D. opposite 37. A. painful B. valuable C. upsetting D. enjoyable 38. A. come up B. break out C. hold on D. go through 39. A. to B. with C. in D. by 40. A. Regularly B. approximately C. Mostly D. Finally 41. A. Instead B. However C. Therefore D. Besides 42. A. shouted B. laughed C. skipped D. sighed 43. A. splendid B. troublesome C. wise D. dangerous 44. A. sadness B. displeasure C. delight D. regret 45. A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than 46. A. complaints B. encouragement C. confusion D. pressure 47. A. protended B. tended C. continued D. struggled 48. A. prefer B. turn C. respond D. lead 49. A. defend B. satisfy C. respect D.challenge 50 .A. proud B. comfortable C. strange D. disappointed 51. A. freedom B. life C. growth D. nature 第三部分：阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 （共 15 小题；每小 题 2 分，满分 30 分） A A young, dark haired woman appeared in the doorway. “Good morning, children! My name is Mrs. Murray. I am replacing your regular teacher,” she said, as she wrote her name on the blackboard. “I will enjoy getting to know each of you personally, over the next few months.” The children in the class remained silent, as this was totally unexpected. “Come on, someone say something,” she thought nervously. The children were too quiet. “This probably won’t last long,” she thought, smiling kindly at them. Grade Three students were normally very lively and seldom, if ever silent. “If you have problems, please come to me. I will help you.” The children gradually began to relax, but not one of them spoke. “How can I get them to accept me?” she wondered. Suddenly, she had an idea. “Your first homework will be to write a new song. To make it even more exciting, challenging and fun for everyone, it must be a new love song for Valentine’s Day. The winner will be awarded a prize, at our class party.” The children looked amazed, but pleased. “You may sing your new song, or play it with a musical instrument.”
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As if something had suddenly awakened the children, the silence in the room ended suddenly. “A love song?” a boy asked, smiling sweetly, at his new teacher. “We each have to write one,” said a dark haired girl, “We never had to do that before.” “And perform it too!” a red haired boy responded, laughing aloud. “I love it! Me, sing a love song?” “Want to know what the first prize will be?” Immediately, every hand in the room went up. Mrs. Murray reached into her handbag and pulled out a harmonica（口琴）. “What do you think of this?” She waited. “I am also a music teacher, so I will be able to help you write your new love songs.” added Mrs. Murray, smiling at her new students. Obviously, her smile and intelligent idea about the homework impressed every student in the class. 52. The children remained silent at the beginning because __________. A. they missed their former teacher B. they didn’t accept the new-comer C. they were surprised at the situation D. they were waiting for their homework. 53. We can learn from the passage that __________. A. most children in the class were good at performing music B. it was the prize that made the students accept their new teacher C. children in the class liked to write their own love songs D. the students in this class are not as active as other Grade Three students 54. Which of the following words can best describe Mrs. Murray? A. Kind and curious. B. Helpful and clever. C. Faithful and honest. D. Patient and humorous. B Last week, my granddaughter started kindergarten, and I wished her every success. But part of me didn’t. I actually wanted her to fail in some ways because I believe that failure can be good for our learning process. Success is proving that you can do something that you already know you can do, or doing something correctly the first time, which can often be a problematic ( 存在问题的 ) victory. First-time success is usually a fluke (侥幸). First-time failure, by contrast, is supposed to be the natural order of things. Failure is how we learn. In Africa they describe a good cook as “She who has broken many pots.” If you’ve spent enough time in the kitchen to have broken a lot of pots, probably you know a fair amount about cooking. I once had dinner with a group of cooks, and they spent time comparing knife wounds and burn scars. They knew how much credibility (可信) their failures gave them. I earn my living by writing a daily newspaper column. Each week I am aware that one column I write is going to be the worst column. I try my best every day. I have learned to cherish that column. A
successful column usually means that I am discussing my familiar topic, writing in a style I am used to or saying the same things as anyone else but in a fancy way. My younger daughter is a trapeze artist. She spent three years putting together a show, and she did it successfully for years. There was no reason for her to change it but she did anyway. She said she was no longer learning anything new and she was bored. And if she was bored, there was no point in subjecting (使??服从于) her body to all that stress. She risked failure and great public embarrassment in order to feed her soul. My granddaughter is a perfectionist. She will feel her failures, and I will want to comfort her. But I will also, I hope, remind her of what she learned, and how she can do better next time. I hope I can tell her, though, that it’s not the end of the world. Indeed, with luck, it is the beginning. 55. Why did the author want his granddaughter to fail? A. Success is boring though beneficial. B. She would learn more from failure. C. It’s impossible to do everything successfully. D. He wanted her to be strong enough to face hardships. 56. What’s the author’s attitude toward his daughter changing her show? A. Negative B. Worried C. Positive D. Ambiguous(模凌两可的) 57. The author develops the article mainly by __________. A. giving examples B. following the time order C. comparing different opinions D. presenting a cause and analyzing its effects 58. The writer talked about his own experience to show that _________. A. we cannot depend on luck to live a good life B. we should try every possible way to avoid failure C. past failures made him dare not take risks in writing D. the thought of failure will make you work even harder C A typical day at work for Cesar Millan might include putting on his running shoes and taking a four-hour jog with 40 dogs—dogs large and small, young and old. Amazingly, most of those dogs belong to him. The rest are at the heart of his work; they are troubled dogs sent to Millan to learn good behavior. Obviously Millan, star of the TV show Dog Whisperer and author of the best-selling book Cesar ’s Way, has a special gift for working with these animals. Growing up on a farm in Mexico, Millan knew he wanted to work with dogs. His first job, at age 15, was helping a veterinarian(兽医). He was so good at calming scared dogs and handling all kinds of situations that people started calling him “el perrero”, Spanish for “he dog boy”. Since then, he has built a rewarding career around his favorite animal. “My grandfather taught me at an earl age not to work against nature”, he explains. In nature, dogs are pack animals. They form a group and follow one leader. Millan’s specialty is teaching people to be
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pack leaders for their dogs. Studying dogs on the farm where he grew up, Millan realized they need lots of exercise to be calm. He explains his approach, “Exercise and discipline first, and then affection!” He says a lot of people get it backwards because they don’t realize what dogs really need. Therefore, while he trains dogs, he teaches owners to understand that their pets need rules. He’s helped famous people like Oprah Winfrey and movie star Will Smith and everyday people too. To find the right career, Millan encourages kids to do what they enjoy. “A lot of people don’t realize I’ve been working with dogs for more than 20 years—long before my TV show or book. Success followed me because I was following my dream of being the best dog trainer in the world.” 59. As a teenager, Millan became famous for____________. A. working well with dogs C. being a TV star and writing a book A. dogs like to live with people B. dogs are easier to be trained C. few dogs can be leaders D. dogs should live in groups 61. Which of the following would Millan agree to? A. Dogs are quiet animals. B. Dogs should be trained on farms. C. Rules are more important than love in training dogs. D. Famous people have more problems in training dogs. 62. What does Millan advise children to do when it comes to choosing a job? A. Do what interests them. B. Never give up and they will succeed. C. Share their ideas with many other people. D. Receive training long before they succeed. D Many drivers say the large digital billboards(电子屏幕) flashing ads every few seconds along Bay Area freeways are just too bright and too distracting(令人分心的). And they may be right. A Swedish study published in the journal Traffic Injury Prevention concludes that digital billboards hold the gazes of drivers longer than two seconds. Previous studies have shown that anything that takes a driver’s eyes off the road for that length of time increases the risks of a crash. “This study proves what is common sense when it comes to digital billboards,” says Mary Tracy, president of Scenic America, a national nonprofit group that seeks to limit billboards. “Bright, constantly changing signs on the sides of roads are meant to attract and keep the attention of drivers, and this study confirms that this is exactly what they do.” The Federal Highway Administration allowed digital signs for the first time in 2007 after concluding B. making a life in Spain D. showing love to many animals
60. By saying “dogs are pack animals”(in Para 4),the author means that___________.
they did not pose a major danger. But a follow-up report is pending (待定的) and could be released this year. California has no law banning the billboards, and is one of 39 states that allows them. “We would need to review more research, so it’s too early to call for a ban,” says Jonathan Adkins, executive director of the Governors Highway Safety Association. “There is a role for digital messaging, such as conveying emergent information and other safety messages.” There are more than 1,800 digital billboards nationwide, more than double the number five years ago. Although no evidence shows an increase in accidents because of the Bay Area signs, many drivers are opposed to them. “Monstrosities” is what Merlin Dorfman of San Jose calls them, while insurance agent David Whitlock says he has found them a major distraction. “They’re much too bright at night,” he says. “When a digital billboard switches from a bright color to a darker one, your eyes cannot adjust fast enough, and you end up losing sight of the roadway.” Officials with sign companies could not be reached for comment(评论), but Bryan Parker, an executive vice president for Clear Channel Outdoor, told USA Today last year that “there’s no doubt in my mind that they are not a driving distraction.” 63. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The brightness of digital billboards is harmful to people’s eyes. B. The Federal Highway Administration banned digital signs in 2013. C. There is evidence showing that digital billboards can lead to an increase in accidents. D. Digital billboards are used to convey messages. 64. What do we learn from the text? A. Scenic America is an organization that approves of digital billboards. B. Drivers in the Bay Area are against the digital billboards. C. California has banned digital billboards. D. There were about 1,800 digital billboards nationwide five years ago. 65. What is Bryan Parker ’s attitude towards digital billboards? A. Supportive. B. Neutral(中立的). C. Opposed. D. Uncertain. 66. What is the main idea of the text? A. Studies have shown digital billboards pose a danger to drivers. B. People’s eyes cannot adjust fast enough to the brightness of digital billboards. C. A study says flashing digital billboards are too distracting. D. Experts think that it is necessary to stop digital billboards.
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第Ⅱ卷（共 39 分）
第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在文后第 67 至第 76 小题的空格里填上适当的单词。 注意：每空 1 个单词。 Things adults should learn from kids Children can teach adults a lot. In other words, there are many things adults can learn from children. For example, kids tend to show love. Every action they do for parents, friends, pets, and people they like, is filled with love. They don’t think twice before loving, and they just love. So adults can learn this: the best way to receive love is to first give it. Unfortunately, most of us have developed the habit of questioning everything. We often try too hard with love, and associate it with weakness. Actually, the only way to experience love is to have minimal expectations, and love your dear ones unconditionally. Kids never hide emotions. They cry when they hurt themselves, and express displeasure when things don’t go their way. On the contrary, we adults always try to hide our feelings, and never express ourselves sincerely. We often feel happy for others with negative thoughts in our hearts. Crying or expressing oneself is what normal people do. Never hold back tears or happiness. If you want to cry, cry your eyes out, and if you are happy or pleased about something, don’t be afraid to show or share it. Kids are curious little beings, who always try to understand their surroundings by completely involving themselves in every task they undertake. They have a huge appetite for knowledge, and ask lots of questions every day. This curious nature guides their life, and often leads them to simple yet brilliant discoveries. Are adults as curious as kids? Well, most of us aren’t. Also, they no longer have the thirst for knowledge, and don’t even ask questions if they don’t understand something. Adults often forget that it isn’t talent or skill but our curiosity and a huge appetite for knowledge that makes us worthy. Kids live in the present, and give 100% to any task they are doing. They never worry about the future, and since they are so busy enjoying their present, life is great today. However, with a job, money, and relationships, it does get hard for an adult to enjoy life. The best thing to do here is to change oneself, and if that isn’t possible, we can live like a child. Just don’t bother about the future, because it isn’t in your control. The only thing you can control is your present, so work hard toward it. As kids treat everyone equally, they make friends soon and also play a lot with them. Through playing, they make a lot of astonishing discoveries about their friends and surroundings. They also learn a lot about life, because they are out in the open and are playing with all their hearts. So how long has it been since you played outdoors for fun as an adult? Not some serious sporting event or activity, just kicking a ball, running in the park, or any other silly game! Playing doesn’t mean that you have to achieve a purpose. Sometimes, it is healthy to just have some fun. Paragraph outlines Show love. ? ? Main points Adults should learn to give love first instead of 67. __________ love. In order to experience love, adults should 68. _________ less and love others unconditionally.
Never hide emotions.
? ? ? ? ?
Children aren’t afraid to display their emotions while adults always 69. __________ to express themselves sincerely. It’s normal to express oneself, so try to show or share your emotions, 70. __________ you are happy or sad. Kids are curious and are 71. ________ for knowledge, so they ask questions every day. Most adults don’t ask questions even if they feel 72. ________ about something. Actually, our worth 73. ________ on our curiosity and desire for knowledge. Kids live in the present happily, while adults have 74. _________ in enjoying life with many things to consider. Change yourself, or enjoy your present without worrying about the future that can’t be 75. _________. Children 76. _________ and learn a lot through playing. Adults should also play outdoors for fun just like kids.
Live in the present.
? ? ?
第五部分：写作（满分 29 分） 第一节：完成句子（共 5 小题，每空 1 分，满分 9 分） 77. 我坚持认为家长不要对孩子太严厉，这样从长远来看对孩子的心理健康不利。 I insist ______________________________ their children, which will harm children’s phycological health _________________________________. 78. Eric 跟着球跑了进来，后面跟着一条大狗，缓慢地走着。 Eric ran in after the ball, ____________________ a big dog, ____________________________. 79. 我发现负责这个项目的人居然是他的父亲。 I found that the person ________________________ of the project ______________ to be his father. 80. 健身房是一个你不仅可以强身健体还可以交到新朋友的好地方。 The gym is a good place ________________________________________ but also make new friends. 81. 学生被禁止在校期间使用手机的原因是这有助于提高他们在学习时的注意力。 The reason ___________________________________ use their mobile phones at school is _______ _____________________________________________ when they study. 第二节：书面表达（满分 20 分） 高一的同学们已经在一起相处了三个月了，一定结交了不少新朋友吧。请根据以下提示，围绕 “How to develop new friendships”这一话题写一篇 150 词左右的演讲稿，谈一谈你对交友的理解和 感悟。 找到友谊 参加活动，展示，主动攀谈，找到共同点?? 保持友谊 尊重，关心，忧虑，分享，帮助?? 挽救友谊 分歧，信任，真诚，耐心，交流，解决?? 注意：1. 文章的开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 2. 文章内容必须包括全部提示词，可以进行适当发挥。 Hello, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “how to develop new friendships”.
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_________________________________________________________________________________ That’s all for my speech. Thank you for your attention.
扬大附中 2013-2014 学年第一学期期中考试 高一英语参考答案
听力：CABAC CBBBC BBACC C 单选：CBCAC CADAB ADDBA 完形：CDACD CABDB ABBCA CCDAD 阅读：CCB BCAD ADCA DBAC 任务型阅读： 67. receiving 68. expect 69. refuse 70. whether 71. dying/eager 72. confused/puzzled 73. depends 74. difficulty/trouble/problems 75. controlled 76.discover 翻译句子： 77. I insist (that) parents (should) be too hard on/ be too strict with their children, which will harm children’s phycological health in the long term. 78. Eric ran in after the ball, followed by a big dog, walking very slowly. 79. I found that the person (who is) in charge/who takes charge of the project turned out to be his father. 80. The gym is a good place where you can not only get into shape but also make new friends. 81. The reason why students are forbidden to use their mobiles phones at school is that it will help to increase your ability to concentrate when they study. 书面表达： Possible version: The topic of my speech today is “how to develop new friendships ”. First of all, we should know how to find new friendships. You can take an active part in various school activities, where you can show your best part and make yourself noticed. Having a free talk with others is also a good way to make friends, which will help you find who has the same interests as you. Second, when you find your friendships, remember to show respect for your friends. You should not only care about them but also learn to share your worries with them. Once your friends meet with some trouble in life, give your advice to help them out. Sometimes you disagree with your friends, but don’t worry. If you trust them, go to talk with them honestly. I believe that with a little bit of patience and communication, all the problems can be solved. That’s all for my speech. Thank you for your attention.
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