茂名市 2015 年第一次高考模拟考试 英
注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答 题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码 粘贴处”。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅
笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑，如需改动， 用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置 上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求 作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 Ⅰ 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Air travel makes some people very nervous. The crowds, the noise and flying itself can cause 1 . But there are classes people can take to help them 2 the fear of flying. And there is 3 training for service dogs that suffer the same problem. Service dogs almost never 4 the side of the people they care for. You will see them working on buses, trains and other public 5 systems. But the busy environment found at an airport can 6 even the best trained working dog. People with disabilities depend on their dogs. They want the animals to safely 7 them through security areas. They also need the dogs to remain 8 on duty on the airplane, even when the flying is not 9 . This takes special 10 . The Air Hollywood K9 Flight School is one place where such help can be found. The school has a piece of equipment that provides the sights, sounds and even the feel of an airplane in flight. Dog trainers say 11 training is based on a simple rule: preparation. Dogs need to be exposed gradually and 12 to the environment, to loud noises, to sounds and other dogs so that when this experience happens to them on a daily basis, they're able to act in a way that they're used to acting and that they don't get 13 . Dog owners who 14 the training at Air Hollywood K9 Flight School say they now feel much more at ease about future 15 . Their dogs also seem ready for takeoff.
本试卷共 12 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。
2.A. defeat 3.A.professional 4.A.approach 5.A. association 6.A. trouble 7.A. follow 8.A.nervously 9.A.speedy 10.A. interest 11.A. previous 12.A. repeatedly 13.A. bored 14.A. attended 15.A. career
B. describe B. varied B. bark B. running B. attract B. guide B. stressfully B. relaxing B. attention B. cooperative B.abruptly B. excitable B. inquired B. flights
C. sense C. free C. leave C. transport C. interrupt C. train C. calmly C. dangerous C. training C. academic C. occasionally C. energetic C. overlooked C. security
D. record D. similar D. take D. society D. instruct D. land D. enthusiastically D. smooth D. procedure D. successful D. instantly D. fragile D. recommended D. generations
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使 用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 My Italian Grandmother was a wonderful woman. I always felt blessed growing up in her home 16 a boy. She worked hard, laughed loud, and was never afraid of 17 life threw at her. When she fell and broke her hip in her eighties, my Dad 18 (force) to admit that he could no longer take care of her at home. It was with a heavy heart 19 Dad moved Grandmother into a nursing home. Our whole family gathered together for her 90th birthday in the nursing home dining room. It was a wonderful celebration of her life and the love we all had 20 her. Shortly after that birthday, however, life gave her the 21 (tough) challenge of all as age and illness started to take her mind from her too. The Dementia（痴呆） grew worse and worse. At times when I visited her she didn’t know 22 I was. During one of these visits I was holding her hand while she slept. When she awoke, her eyes stared at me and I could tell she didn’t recognize 23 . She looked down at my hand 24 (hold) hers and instead of pulling hers away, she smiled at me. Then she closed her eyes and went 25 (peace) back to sleep. I could see then that even though her mind didn’t remember me, her spirit still remembered love. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A When Dekalb Walcott III was just 8 years old, his father, a Chicago fire chief, let him tag along on a call. Dekalb says a lot of kids idolized basketball player Michael Jordan when he was growing up in Chicago in the 1990s. Not him. "I wanted to be like Dekalb Walcott Jr.," he says of his father. So when his dad asked if he wanted to go on that call with him when he was 8, Dekalb was excited. "I'm jumping up and down, saying, "Mom, can I go? Can I go?' " The experience changed Dekalb's life, he tells his dad on a visit to StoryCorps. "My eyes got big from the moment the alarm went off." the younger Dekalb says. " This is the life that I want to live someday. "
Now 27, the younger Dekalb is living that life. He became a firefighter at 21 and went to work alongside his dad at the Chicago Fire Department. Before his father retired, the pair even went out on a call together — father supervising（监督） son. "You know, it's everything for me to watch you grow," his father says. But he also recalls worrying about one particular fire that his son faced. "I received a phone call that night. And they said, 'Well, your son was at this fire.' I said, 'OK, which way is this conversation going to go?' " Dekalb Walcott Jr. recalls. "And they said, 'But he's OK. And he put it out all by himself. Everybody here was proud of him.' "And the word went around, 'Who was out there managing that fire? Oh, that's Walcott! That's Walcott up there!' So, you know, moments like that, it's heaven on Earth for a dad." Dekalb Walcott Jr. retired in 2009. The younger Dekalb says he's proud of being a second-generation firefighter. "You know, it makes me look forward to fatherhood as well, because I'm definitely looking forward to passing that torch down to my son." 26. The underlined phrase tag along in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______. A. put out fire B. watch basketball C. follow his father D. ask his mother’s permission 27. Dekalb Walcott III determined to become a firefighter at the age of _________ A. 8 B. 21 C. 27 D. 35 28. What did Dekalb Walcott Jr want to do before he was told that the fire was put out? A. Go on with the conversation B. Put it out all by himself C. Supervise his son D. Go to the fire scene 29. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Dekalb Walcott Jr is proud to be a second-generation firefighter. B. Dekalb Walcott III wants his son to become a firefighter too. C. Dekalb Walcott Jr wants to pass the torch to Dekalb Walcott III. D. Dekalb Walcott III is proud that his son has become an excellent firefighter. 30. Which of the following is the best title of the passage? A. Passing The Torch: A Firefighter Dad's Legacy B. Putting Out Fire: A Challenging Job for Father and son C. Dekalb Walcott III: A Second-generation Firefighter D. Dekalb Walcott Jr.: A Chicago Fire Chief B My family moved from Taiwan to a small town in central Georgia, where my dad got a visa for his family and a job. I had just learned English, and from what little I could gather from my classmates, Santa
Claus would come down one’s chimney（烟囱） and put toys in one’s stocking on Christmas Eve! What a great country, I thought. After I looked up “stocking” in my Chinese-English dictionary, I knew what I had to do. On that fateful night, after everyone went to bed, I took my longest, cleanest knee sock and attached it to a nail already on the mantel(壁炉). Obviously, the previous owners of this house were no strangers to this Santa character. I woke up before everyone else on Christmas Day and ran to the fireplace. To make a sob story short, I was hit with the reality of an empty sock and the biggest lie ever told. I burst into tears, quickly took down the sock, and stuffed it in the back of a drawer. Santa was dead. Every December since then, the topic of Christmas memories would unavoidably come up, and I would amuse my friends with my poor-little-me story. I had to make it as funny as possible, or else I would cry. How could I know that Santa was just late? Nine years ago, on Christmas Eve, an older man with a white beard and a red cap knocked on my front door. He said, “I’ve been looking for you for twenty-five years.” He handed me a bulging red stocking, winked, and left. On top of the stocking was a card. It read: “For Becky—I may have missed you in the second grade, but you’ve always lived in my heart. Santa.” Through tear-blurred eyes, I recognized the handwriting of Jill, a friend I had met just two months before. I later discovered that the older man was her father. Jill had seen the hurt little girl underneath the thirty-something woman and decided to do something about it. So now I believe that Santa is real. I don’t mean the twinkle-eyed character of children’s mythology(神话) or the creation of American holiday marketers. Those Santas annoy and sadden me. I believe in the Santa Claus that live inside good and thoughtful people. This Santa does not return to the North Pole after a crazy delivery but lives each day purposefully, really listens to friends, and then plans deliberate acts of kindness. 31. What does the underlined part “what I had to do” in Paragraph 1 refer to? A. Waiting for Santa Claus. B. Putting a stocking on the mantel. C. Asking for gifts from her parents. D. Looking up “stocking” in the dictionary 32. It can be inferred from the passage that the author’s parents ____. A. didn’t love their child at all B. didn’t know the previous owners of the house C. didn’t know much about Christmas tradition D. didn’t have enough money to buy the author Christmas presents 33. When the author told her friends about the story, she felt ______in her heart. A. proud B. amusing C. hate D. regret 34. By writing the passage, the author speaks highly of ________ A. friendship B. parenting C. religion D. culture 35. The author of the passage is probably ________.
A. a teenager B. a primary school student C. a middle-aged woman D. a native American C Cooking programs and classes for children seem to positively influence children's food preferences and behaviors, according to a recent review. And, although the review didn't look at long-term effects of such programs, the findings suggest that such programs might help children develop long-lasting healthy habits. This research comes at a time when childhood obesity（肥胖） rates have been rising rapidly. More than one-third of adolescents in the United States were obese in 2012, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This trend has been caused, at least in part, by a significant decrease in the amount of meals that people consume at home since the 1980s, according to background information in the study. Cooking education programs, such as Food Explorers, teach children about new healthy foods and how to prepare them. They also stress the importance of eating five fruits and vegetables every day. A volunteer parent explains a new food to the group, and the kids make something based on the lesson, such as fruit or vegetable salad. Depending on the program, kids may be sent home with information about healthy foods to bring to their parents, the review explained. The study team reviewed eight other studies that tested different types of cooking education programs. Children in these classes were between 5 and 12 years old, according to the review. The goal of the study team was to learn more about developing an efficient program to encourage healthy food choices that last a lifetime. The study found that it is particularly important to expose kids to healthy foods on a number of occasions. This makes them feel comfortable with the new foods, which helps them build healthy habits. The study stressed the importance of getting parents involved in （参与） their children's eating habits. Parents who are unable to enroll their kids in a cooking class can achieve similar benefits by having their kids help them while they prepare meals at home. Children are more comfortable at home, which makes them more receptive to new foods because they will make the connection to a positive experience. 36. What can we infer from the second paragraph? A. Eating out frequently causes obesity. B. Childhood obesity is totally caused by eating habit. C. Childhood obesity rates have been rising rapidly since 2012 D. Food consumption has decreased significantly since the 1980s. 37. On cooking education programs, ________. A. children learn how to prepare foods from their parents B. children will learn how to cook in the company of their parents C. children may learn information unknown to their parents D. children focus more on cooking skills than on information about healthy foods 38. Which of the following is true according to the study?
A. Parents should let their kids cook independently at home. B. A greater willingness to try new foods helps building healthy habits. C. Children who participate in cooking programs are less likely to become obese. D. Children who take cooking courses are more likely to choose fruits and vegetables as adults. 39. Which of the following categories does this passage belong to? A. Education Systems B. Science and Technology C. Parent-child Relationship D. Public Health Research 40. The purpose of the passage is to A. to inform the reader B. to entertain the reader C. to discuss with the reader D. to warn the reader _________.
D Engineers should embrace （接受）the arts, Sir John O'Reilly, a fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, argued in a lecture. About 59% of engineering companies in the IET's 2014 survey feared skill shortages could threaten （威胁） business. "There is nothing as creative as engineering," Sir John told the reporter. He says science, technology, engineering and mathematics - often known as "Stem" subjects, are vital for a modern knowledge economy. But there is a massive shortfall in the number of recruits（招聘） - with a recent study by the Royal Academy of Engineering saying the UK needs to increase by as much as 50% the number of Stem graduates it produces. Delivering this year's Mountbatten Lecture at the Royal Institution, Sir John argued that engineers should recognise the role of the arts in their work - among other benefits; this could attract more people into the profession. The lecture, Full Steam Ahead for Growth, advocated a wider adoption -- Steam, or science, technology, engineering, arts and maths. Engineers should embrace the arts as being key to creativity and an important component of innovation （创新） , crucial to creating new products and boosting future competitiveness, he argued. "Engineering and technology is an increasingly diverse and creative field," said Sir John. Some university engineering departments already cooperated with art schools to develop understanding, he told the reporter. In particular he mentioned Cranfield University's Centre for Creative Competitive Design and Imperial College's work with the Royal College of Art. The two sets of people could work well together and more emphasis on the creative side of engineering could improve the success of products, he said. "Aesthetics(美学) is part of it," he told the reporter, adding that Apple's iPod was not the first digital media player, nor the only one that worked - but it came to dominate the market "because it was nice to have".
Sir John said he was not suggesting universities started requiring A-level art from engineering applicants - the key subjects for admission would continue to be maths and the sciences. But an emphasis on creative skills would help "broaden the pool and attract more people in". 41.According to a recent study by the Royal Academy _______ . A. skill shortages could threaten business B. engineering graduates are not as creative as expected C. there are not enough arts graduates produced in the UK. D. the UK needs more graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics 42. According to the lecture Full Steam Ahead for Growth, _______ . A. engineers should cooperate with arts majors B. Accepting the arts could attract more people into engineering C. engineers should realize arts play the most important part in their work D. engineering and technology is as diverse and creative as before 43. By giving the example of Apple's iPod, Sir John intends to _______ . A. stress the importance of arts B. stress the importance of marketing C. stress the importance of communication D. stress the importance of science and technology 44. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. More university students should study arts instead of engineering. B. Engineering and technology is increasingly different and unrelated fields. C. The IET's skills survey raised concerns about the number of recruits to engineering. D. Students from some university engineering departments have already transferred to art schools 45. What is the passage mainly about? A. Lack of creativity makes it difficult for the engineering major to find a satisfactory job. B. The key subjects for engineering majors remain to be maths and the sciences rather than arts. C. University engineering departments should cooperate with art schools to improve the success of products. D. Engineering needs to emphasize its creative side to encourage more young people to choose it as a career. 第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息, 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列图片及文字说明： A. Drop-Bar Road Bikes
Generally lighter in weight than the typical mountain or comfort bike, road bikes are good for multiple pavement uses including fitness riding, commuting, long-distance/event rides, touring and racing. Drop-bar handlebars are lightweight and aerodynamic and are a better choice if you want to go faster or are more concerned with efficiently transferring your energy into making the bike move forward. They also allow for a greater number of riding and hand positions than flat-bars. Their more aerodynamic riding position (bent over at the waist) may put more strain on your back if you are less flexible. B. Flat-Bar Road Bikes
Flat-bar handlebars combine the efficiency of drop-bar road bikes with a slightly more upright riding position. This allows you to sit up in a higher and more relaxed position so you can better see the road and potential risks. An upright position also reduces strain on your hands, wrists and shoulders. This increased versatility comes with the tradeoff of being slightly less efficient (from an aerodynamic standpoint) than the typical drop-bar road bike. C. Hardtail Mountain Bikes
Mountain Bikes are best for dirt or rocky trails and gravel roads; they are OK for pavement too (with tire change). Hardtail bikes feature a front suspension fork and a rigid back with no rear suspension shocks. This type of mountain bike is much less expensive and lighter in weight than a typical full-suspension mountain bike. A hardtail is the more versatile choice if you plan to use it for both paved and unpaved surfaces. The tradeoffs from a full-suspension mountain bike? A hardtail is less able to safely handle more technical singletrack trails, provides less overall shock absorption and, in some situations, delivers less rear wheel traction. D. Full-Suspension Mountain Bikes
Full-suspension mountain bikes have both front and rear suspension shocks making them ideal for backcountry trails or technical (steep, bumpy, twisty) singletrack. They also stand up to more aggressive riding including jumps or drops of up to 5 feet. As mentioned above, full-suspension bikes are more expensive and generally heavier than hardtail bikes. E. Folding bikes
These bikes can be folded up and placed in a carrying bag, which makes them handy for commuters with limited storage space at home or the office. They are lightweight yet strong and can be folded up quickly and easily. Folding bikes are also a good choice for those who want to travel with their bike. F. Electric-assist bikes
These bikes feature a battery-powered motor that can help you climb hills easily or make your commute less strenuous. Built-in sensors can monitor how much pressure you're putting on the pedals and then apply battery power accordingly. 以下是一些用户信息，请把图片与相关介绍匹配起来。 46. Tom is a bike lover. He wants to buy a road bike that can go fast on the road. Speed is important but it is more important for him to see the road and stay safe, since the road on which he rides is often full of traffic. 47. Jack is an office worker. Every day he goes to work by subway. There is still a long way from where he lives to the subway station, so he decides to buy a bike, which can be easily put at home, on the subway train and his office. 48. Peter loves making long-distance journey by bike. When travelling, he has to climb hills or ride on rocky trails, which makes him too tired to go. He wants to continue his journey even when he is tired, but he doesn’t want to travel by car or ride his motorbike. 49. Mark is a bike enthusiast who often rides in the mountainous areas. Unfortunately, his bike was
damaged when he was riding on the mountain. Now he is going to buy a new mountain bike. Being a rich man, Mark doesn’t care about the price of the bike, but it must be tough and flexible enough to jump and drop on the mountain road. 50. Jim needs a new mountain bike that can be ridden on both paved and unpaved surfaces. It doesn’t need to be too expensive. He hopes to buy a bike that is lighter in weight than a typical full-suspension mountain bike Ⅲ 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 请用英语写一篇短文，介绍《时代》杂志 2014 年度人物“埃博拉斗士”。内容如下： [写作内容]
《时代》年度人物评选概况 方式：每年由《时代》杂志编辑们选出 标准：给新闻和人们生活带来最大影响的个人或团体 2014 年度人物情况 获选者：“埃博拉斗士” 宣布时间：2014 年 12 月 10 日 获选原因：护理人员为抗击埃博拉病毒而努力工作，此病毒在西部非洲爆发，夺去数 以千计患者的生命。 封面人物：两名医生，一名护士，一名救护车司机，一名卫生保健工作者，共五人登 上杂志封面。其中有： Salome Karwah， 父母均死于埃博拉, 她幸存下来， 康复后照料其它病患者； Kent Brantly，美国医生，在非洲医治病人时染上埃博拉病毒，后康复 参考词汇：埃博拉斗士 the Ebola fighters 《时代》年度人物 Time's Person of the Year 卫生保健工作者 health care worker [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。 第二节 读写任务 （共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Recently many universities have used the school beauty and a handsome boy as a way of advertising to attract new students. Web celebrity Zhang Zetian, who is popularly known by her online nickname 'Milk Tea Sister' appeared on the cover page of Tsinghua University's magazine, along with other famous people in the university in 2012. Renmin University, a top university in Beijing featured graduation photos of a beautiful girl, Kang Yikun in 2013 in its website's homepage. The photo won praise from netizens who said it showed the
atmosphere of the graduation season in a creative way. Famous school beauties and handsome boys also appeared in Wuhan University, Northwest University, Beijing Language and Culture University and many other schools. Some approve of this way of advertising. A young writer, Zhang Lechen, who was born in the 1980s, said this promotional method was creative and had a strong visual impact and as a result was a much more effective way to communicate. However, others argue against the method, saying that it is not a good way for the university to use attractive girls or boys to make advertisements. [写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词就“大学招生”这个话题谈谈你的看法，内容包括： （1）你对大学利用美女、帅哥打招生广告的看法； （2）你会根据大学哪些条件来决定报读； （3）你希望在大学结识什么样的人。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的 句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 1—5. BADCC 6—10. ABCDC 11—15.DABAB 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 16.as。考查介词。表示“作为，当……的时候”，用介词 as。 17.what。考查宾语从句。连接代词 what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作 threw 的宾语。 18.was forced。考查被动语态。根据句意，“父亲被迫承认不能再在家照顾奶奶了”，用被动语态。 19. that。 考查强调句式， 即“it is/was+被强调部分+that+其它”。 本句被强调的是状语 with a heavy heart。 20.for。考查介词。本句中，定语从句 we all had 20 her 用来修饰先行词 love，将这个定语从句还 原为简单句，则为 we all had love 20 her。表示“爱某人”，为 have love for sb.，所以填介词 for。 21.toughest。考查形容词比较等级。根据空格前的定冠词及句意“最困难的挑战”，可知用形容词最高 级形式。 22.who。考查宾语从句。根据句意，“奶奶不知道我是谁”，用 who 引导宾语从句。 23.me。考查代词。指代作者。因作宾语，用人称代词宾格。 24.holding。考查非谓语。现在分词作后置定语，表主动。 25.peacefully。考查构词法。修饰谓语动词 went，用副词形式作状语，所以要名词 peace 加后缀-ful 构成形容词 peaceful，再加后缀-ly 构成副词 peacefully。 Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 26—30. CADBA 31—35. BCDAC 36—40. ACBDA 41—45.DBACD
第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 46—50 BEFDC Ⅲ 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) Chosen by the magazine's editors each year, Time's Person of the Year is an individual or group of individuals who have had the greatest impact on news or people’s life that year. On December 10, the magazine named the Ebola fighters its 2014 "Person of the Year", applauding the work of those fighting Ebola in western Africa, where an outbreak of the virus has killed thousands of people. Five people, including two doctors, a nurse, an ambulance driver and a health care worker were pictured on the covers of the magazines. Among them are Ebola survivor Salome Karwah and American doctor Kent Brantly. The former , who lost both her parents to the disease, survived herself and began to care for other sufferers, and the latter became infected with Ebola while treating patients and later recovered from the virus.
第二节 读写任务 （共 1 小题，满分 25 分） Recently many universities have used beautiful girls or handsome boys to make advertisements to attract new students. Different people have different attitudes towards it. Some are for it while others are against .
While using the school beauty and a handsome boy in ads is an effective way to catch our eye, I don’t think it is an appropriate way for the university to attract new students. For one thing, senior school students won’t choose the university just because there is a beautiful girl or handsome boy on campus. For another, it may mislead the value of us students, causing some of us to pay too much attention to people’s outer appearance rather than their inner beauty. In my opinion, prospective students should choose their university based on its school culture instead of the so called "campus goddess". A good friend has a lifelong positive influence on us. As for me ,in university I hope to make acquaintance of those who are learned, broad-minded and helpful.