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人教版高一英语必修一unit1知识梳理及重点词汇解析 2


Unit1 1. 谚语:a friend in need is a friend indeed 患难见真情 A friend is like a second self. 朋友是另一个自我。 2.词汇练兵--从积极和消积的方面讨论朋友 Positive: honest, friendly, open-minded, generous 大 方 的 , helpful, patien

t 耐 心 的 , good-tempered 好脾气的, trustworthy 可信任的, careful, full of love, caring, responsible 有责任 感的, brave, easygoing 随和的, outgoing 好交际的, warm-hearted, kind, selfless 无私的, tolerant 宽大的, intelligent 聪明的 Negative: selfish 自私的,tricky 狡猾的, dishonest, bad-tempered, mean 小气的, impatient, narrow-minded 心胸狭窄的, lazy, gossipy 3.故事性文章阅读技巧:when\where\who\what\why\how When 、who 、where The time of the story The heroine( 女英雄) of the story The length of time they hid away World War 2 Anne two years The place of the story Anne’s best friend The date of the diary Netherlands her diary--Kitty Thursday 15,June,1944

Why: 1 Anne kept a diary because she could tell everything to it. 2 She felt very lonely because she couldn't meet her friends. 3 They had to hide because Jews were caught by Nazis and put away. 4 Anne named her diary Kitty because she thought it was her best friend. 5 They were finally caught because they were discovered. What and how: 1 Anne Frank and her family hid away for___ A over a year B over two years C three years C one year and a half 2 According to Anne ,a true friend is a person___ A that would laugh at you B who makes you happy C whom you can trust D who could save your life 3 Anne said that she had grown crazy about nature because___ A her interest in nature had grown B she had always been so C she had been outdoors too long D she had been indoors too long 4 She didn’t dare open the window when the moon was bright .That’s because___ A they might be discovered B her family might bedisturbed C it was very cold D a thief might get into the room 5 Anne and her family were caught by German Nazis___ A about June 1945 B about February 1945 C about December 1944 D about November 1944

4、一首有情诗(旨在提高对友谊的认识) A Forever Friend Sometimes in life 有时候在生活中 You find a special friend 你会找到一个特别的朋友 Someone who changes your life just by being part of it 他只是你生活中的一部分内容,却能改变你整个的生活 Someone who makes you laugh until you can't stop 他会把你逗得开怀大笑 Someone who makes you believe that there really is good in the world 他会让你相信人间有真情 Someone who convinces you that there really is an unlocked door just waiting for you to open it 他会让你确信,真的有一扇不加锁的门,在等待着你去开启 This is Forever Friendship 这就是永远的友谊 When you're down 当你失意 and the world seems dark and empty 当世界变得黯淡与空虚 Your forever friend lifts you up in spirits and makes that dark and empty world suddenly seem bright and full 你真正的朋友会让你振作起来,原本黯淡、空虚的世界顿时变得明亮和充实 Your forever friend gets you through the hard times,the sad times, and the confused times 你真正的朋友会与你一同度过困难、伤心和烦恼的时刻 If you turn and walk away 你转身走开时 Your forever friend follows 真正的朋友会紧紧相随 If you lose you way 你迷失方向 Your forever friend guides you and cheers you on 真正的朋友会引导你,鼓励你 Your forever friend holds your hand and tells you that everything is going to be okay. 真正的朋友会握着你的手,告诉你一切都会好起来 And if you find such a friend 如果你找到了这样的朋友, You feel happy and complete 你会快乐,觉得人生完整 Because you need not worry 因为你无需再忧虑 Your have a forever friend for life 你拥有了一个真正的朋友 And forever has no end 永永远远,永无止境 So to you(从诗中你可以体会到) : you may need friends to help me/ calm me down when I was upset OR to share my worries and secrets in my inner world OR to share my happiness and sorrows OR to be concerned about my feelings 5、词汇

①Calm
? adj. 平静的,镇静的 E.g. The high wind passed and the sea was calm again. ? vi. 平静,镇静 E.g. The situation calmed down slowly. ? vt. 使…平静,使…镇静 E.g. At last we calmed he down be concerned about / for 关心,挂念 E.g. ① Every teacher is concerned about

②upset

(upset, upset, upsetting) ? vt. 使心烦,使不安 E.g. Don’t upset yourself. ? adj. 心烦意乱的,心情不舒适的 E.g. She was upset at not being invited. Share ? Vt. 分享,分担 短语: share sth. with sb. E.g. She always shares happiness and worries with me.

his students’ study. ②If you don’t go home on time, your parents will be concerned about your safety. Ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视 E.g. He ignores the doctor’s advice and goes on smoking 1.ignorant adj.不知道的,无知的; E.g.I was ignorant that the boss could be so strict. 2.Ignorance n.无知,愚昧 E.g. The villagers’ ignorance made them poorer and poorer. Set down 记下 放下 登记
?
notes. 我已将详细内容记到了笔记本上。 I have the details set down here in my

add vt/vi 很少单独使用,应用如下: 1.add up 加起来 合计 Add up all the money that I should pay you. 2.add up to 总计 The number of students adds up to 2,000. 3.add to 增加 The bad weather added to our difficulties. 4.add…to… 把…加在…上 If you add 5 to 3 you will get 8. go through 经历 经受 E.g.Go through those doors, and you'll see it on the
right. 穿过那些门,你在右边看到的就是了。

Outdoors adv. 在户外 在野外
?
Jack walks his dog outdoors every day. 杰克每天出门溜狗。

On purpose 故意
?
He leave this book to you on purpose. 他有意把这本书留在这儿给你看。

?
while.

He set down the bag and rested for a

他放下袋子,休息了一会儿

No longer\not…any longer 不再
?
If you always exaggerate, people will no longer believe you. 如果你老是言过其实,人们就不会相信你了。

?
meeting.

Friday has been set down for the next

已经定于星期五召开下次会议。

Settle vt.使定居 安排 解决
?
We'll settle this problem at a proper time. 我们会在适当的时候解决这个问题。 vi. 安家;定居;停留

Suffer
vt. 遭受;忍受;经历

?

suffer defeat, failure, or ruin.

经历挫折失败或毁灭。 vi. 遭受,忍受;受痛苦;经验;受损害

?

They are planning to settle abroad.

?

Learn to suffer without complains.

他们准备定居国外。

要学会受痛苦而不怨。

Recover
vt. 恢复;弥补;重新获得

suffer from 忍受,遭受;患…病;受…之苦
?
Some people suffer from nightmare far Recovering childhood — Why do we want more often. 而有些人却经常受到恶梦的折磨 Get \be tired of 对…厌烦 be tired with 对…到疲倦

?

to recover childhood? 找回童年——为什么要找回童年? vi. 恢复;胜诉;重新得球

?

It took him a year to recover.

?

You may be tired with reading, but you

过了一年的时间,他才恢复过来。

should not be tired of it. 你也许对阅读感到疲倦,但是你不应当对它感 到厌倦。

Pack(sth)up 将东西装箱打包
?
train. 我让你去打包行李,不然我们会错过火车时间。 I told you to go pack up or we'll miss the

?

I'm tired of reporting on titans.

我厌倦了采访那些大人物了。

Get along with 与…和睦相处;取得进展

Disagree

? ? ? ?

Do you get along with your parents now?

vi. 不同意

那你现在跟父母相处得怎么样了?

? ?

It is here that people and nature disagree.

Warming up 词汇
Would you like to join us?

这正是人和自然不一样的地方。

Join in 加入;参加
你想加入我们的比赛吗 Can I join in the game? 我可以参加这比赛吗? Interested in sth 对…感兴趣

E.g Legal experts disagree on his
interpretation of the law. 法律专家不同意他对这条法律的解读。

E.g. Youngers are always interested in new things
Interesting adj 有趣的

E.g I just read an interesting news
Finish sth\doing sth 完成某事、完成做某事

should have done shouldn’t have done 表示过去应该做某事而实际上没有做 E.g You should have come her five minutes ago. E.g You shouldn’t have told him about this. Have to \have got to 不得不 E.g I have got to see my uncle with my parents
Take care of 照顾 Walking the dog 遛狗 (walk sb 陪步) Pay for sth 为…付款

E.g I have to finish my project
I will finish doing the work in two days 两天后我将完成这项工作

work out 算出 课文词汇 lought at 嘲笑 hid away 躲起来 a series of 一系列 grow\be crazy about 对…十分狂热; 十分痴迷 something\everything\anything to do with 与…有关的某事、一切 nothing to do with 与…无关 happen to do sth 碰巧做某事 (happen 不能用 于被动语态) at dusk: 黄昏时刻 傍晚 face to face 面对面 wonder 想知道 E.g I wonder when he will come
我想知道他什么时候会来

E.g After that you have to pay for another night
pay thebill 付款

end-of-term exam 期末考 cheat
n. 欺骗,作弊;骗子

E.g Cheat's never proper 作弊永远不对
vt. 欺骗;骗取

E.g How dare you cheat me
Stay awake 熬夜 In order to 为了 Far too 过于

练习 Exercises 1. The news quite u_____ him. 2. We are all c_______ about / for your safety.

课文要点(模块)
Ⅰ.课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)
根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: Anne Frank is a 2 set down a 1 (犹太的)girl who lived in Netherlands during the World War II. Her family had to 3 (德国的)Nazis. During the time in the 6 8 (经历)during the war. 4 (隐匿的) place, Anne she could tell everything or they would be caught by the 7

5 (系列) of facts in a diary . Anne made her diary her best friend she

to and in the diary she showed us

Ⅲ.课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力)
1.【原句】I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的 事情都无比狂热。 [模仿要点] 句子结构: wonder +if 表语从句 + so …that 从句 【模仿 1】我不知道是否因为我的卤莽使得史密夫先生对我这么生气。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:I wondered if it was because I was so rude that Mr Smith was so angry with me. 【模仿 2】他在想是否因为她的朋友对她很关心所以她的心情才平复下来。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:He wonders whether it is because her friends are so concerned about her that she has calmed herself down. 2.【原句】I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. (定语从句) 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空,鸟儿的歌唱, 月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。 [模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was a time when …There is /was a time when…This/That is/was a 【模仿 1】我还记得这对他来说是一个艰难的时期,他遭受到了身心的打击。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:I can well remember it was a hard time when he suffered a lot physically and mentally. 【模仿 2】在中国历史上,曾经有过一段时期中国鼓励与世界其他国家进行贸易。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:In Chinese history, there was a time when China encouraged trade with the rest of the world. 3. 【原句】It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次 目睹夜晚。 [模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was the first (second…) time that sb + 现在完成时/过去完成时:这是某人第几次 做某事 【模仿 1】这是我们第一次面对面地谈论到这件事情。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is the first time that we have talked about this issue face to face. 【模仿 2】这是他第二次参与怎样解决这个问题的讨论。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It was the second time that he had joined in the discussion about how to do with the problem. time when…

答案:1. Jewish

2. hide

3. German 4. hiding

5. series

6. whom

7. what

8. went through/ experienced


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