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2015英语课堂新坐标高三一轮复习课后作业40


课后作业(四十)
Ⅰ.语法和词汇知识 1.It's ________ great world and all countries should live in ________ harmony with one another. A.a;the C.the;the 【解析】 B.the;/ D.a;/

句意:这是一个大世界,所有的国家都应该

和睦相处。world 前

有形容词修饰时用不定冠词;in harmony with 意为“与??协调一致”。 【答案】 D

2.We all like the new ________ to language teaching. A.means C.way 【解析】 B.method D.approach 四个选项都有“方法”的意思,但从搭配上看,与介词 to 搭配

的应是 approach,所以答案选 D。 【答案】 D

3 . (2013 届 威 海 质 检 )Your understanding on the theory is ________ satisfactory.You must read more after class. A.far from C.along with 【解析】 B.up to D.free of

句意:你对这个理论的理解远不令人满意。课下要多读些东西。

far from“远非,绝不”,符合句意。up to“多达,直到”;along with“和?? 一起”;free of“无??的;摆脱??的”,都不符合句意。 【答案】 A unless

4 . Misunderstandings ________ for lack of social communication, ________ properly, may lead to serious problems. A.arisen;handling C.rising;handled B.arising;handled D.risen;handling

【解析】 句意:如果不正确处理,由于缺乏社交而产生的误解可能会导致 严重的问题。arise“产生,出现”;rise“上升,升起”。第一空在句中作定语,

根据句意要用 arising。 第二空用过去分词表被动, unless handled properly 是 unless they are handled properly 的省略形式。 【答案】 B

5.(2013 届青岛模拟)The engineers tried ________ many kinds of cars before they decided to produce one. A.for C.out 【解析】 B.on D.at 句意:工程师们在决定制造一种汽车前,尝试了很多种的车型。

try out 尝试;try on 试穿;try 与其他两个介词很少搭配。 【答案】 C

6.You'd better ________ the instructions so that the children could understand them. A.decline C.concentrate 【解析】 B.reduce D.simplify

句意:你最好把这些指示简化一下,以便孩子们能够理解它们。

decline“下降, 谢绝”; reduce“减少”; concentrate“全神贯注”; simplify“简 化,使??简明”。结合语境,应用 simplify。 【答案】 D

7. The idea for the new plan came to his mind, ________ to his experiment in the lab. A.while devoting C.while he was devoted B.while devoting himself D.while devoted

【解析】 句意:当他在实验室专心于实验时,他想出了解决这个新的计划 方法。因为在这个句子中,主从句的主语不一致,所以 A、B、D 都是错误的。 【答案】 C

8.The head of the company promised to deal with matters of this sort ________ he returned to his office. A.until C.by the time B.while D.the moment

【解析】 句意:公司领导答应一回到办公室就处理这种问题。the moment

用来引导时间状语从句,意为“一??就??”。 【答案】 D

9.In many countries in the world, breakfast is a snack ________ a meal, but the traditional English breakfast is a full meal. A.less than C.other than 【解析】 B.more than D.rather than

考查短语辨析。less than“ 少于” ;more than“多于 ”;other

than“除了”;rather than“而不是”。根据句意可知 D 项正确。 【答案】 D

10.I'd like to take ________ of this opportunity to thank you for your help. A.advantage C.use 【解析】 B.case D.care 句意:我要利用这次机会来感谢你的帮助。take advantage of 利

用;take care of 小心照管。 【答案】 A

11.(2013 届泰安检测)He is a man of few words,and seldom speaks until ________ to. A.spoken C.speak B.speaking D.be spoken

【解析】 until spoken to 为 until he is spoken to 的省略。句意:他是个沉默 寡言的人,别人不同他说话,他也很少同别人说话。 【答案】 A

12.Make sure the gas is turned off after a bath, which would ________ cause danger. A.somehow C.otherwise 【解析】 B.meanwhile D.furthermore

句意:确保洗完澡后把燃气关掉,要不然会导致危险的。

somehow“ 不知道怎么的 ” ; meanwhile“ 同时 ” ; otherwise“ 要不然 ” ; furthermore“况且”。 【答案】 C

13.What a mess! Please put your books ________, or mom will be upset. A.in sight C.in addition B.in public D.in order

【解析】 句意:真是乱七八糟,快把你的书整理整理吧,要不然妈妈会生 气的。in sight 在视野中;in public 在公共场合;in addition 另外;in order 整齐。 【答案】 D

14.I got in touch with Charles ________ I received his letter. A.when immediately C.immediately 【解析】 B.soon D.suddenly

因为 immediately, instantly, directly 和 the moment, the instant, the

minute 等都可以用作连词,引导时间状语从句,相当于 as soon as。 【答案】 C

15.—Why don't you apologize to her? —________ I didn't do anything wrong. A.No way! C.It isn't my cup of tea. 【解析】 B.Doesn't matter. D.It's all the same to me.

No way 意为“绝不,没门”;Doesn't matter 意为“没关系”;

It isn't my cup of tea 意为“那不是我喜欢的”;It's all the same to me 意为“我无 所谓”。句意为:“你为什么不向她道歉呢?”“没门儿!我没做错什么。” 【答案】 A

Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.我一到那儿就打电话告诉你这个消息。(the moment) _________________________________________________________________ 2.他和我都想去英国。(as well as) _________________________________________________________________ 3.他坚持要留下来,而不愿意去。(rather than) _________________________________________________________________ 4.你做什么我都无所谓。(matter) _________________________________________________________________ 5.现在他的大部分时间都用在了这项工作上。(devote)

_________________________________________________________________ 【答案】 1.The moment I got there, I called you to tell you the news. well as I wants to go to England. doesn't matter to me what you do. Ⅲ.完形填空 (2013 届德州调研)A mother and daughter living in my community are two of the most unfriendly people I have ever come across in my life.They are totally __1__, mixing with nobody.As they drive past neighbors they keep their eyes looking away and make no sign of __2__.The only fame they have is making a nuisance(讨厌的人) of themselves to the local police station by __3__ music played too loud, dogs barking more than once a day and any other petty(琐碎的) little __4__. On moving into this neighborhood, I was __5__ of these two but decided I would make up my own mind.This proved quite a __6__ to me as more than once either the mother or the daughter would knock on my door and blast(猛烈抨击) me with some __7__ or other.I __8__ answered politely and made sure I __9__ as they went past my place and also made the effort now and then to make a kind __10__ about their garden or pets. Time passed and in October, as part of the Kindness Rock Give, Maureen and I decided to place a kindness rock in their garden.Their __11__ remained unchanged, however, and I continued to be as friendly as possible.During the Easter give, we decided once again to __12__ these two unhappy ladies to our list and __13__ a packet of cookies on their gate.Imagine my __14__ when two days later they __15__ at my gate and jokingly said they were __16__ hanging their Christmas stocking on their gate, and they brought me a bunch of flowers! So, my fellow gifters, do not __17__ on your random gifts of kindness.You may never know just what this __18__ to others, nor how many broken or __19__ hearted people you may just change __20__ a simple act of kindness. 1.A.protected C.separated 【解析】 隔离了。 【答案】 C B.depressed D.equipped 2.He as 4.It

3.He insisted on staying rather than go.

5.Now he devoted his most of time to this work.

根据 mixing with nobody 可知她们不与任何人来往,完全与别人

2.A.enthusiasm C.excitement 【解析】 【答案】

B.acknowledgement D.entertainment

acknowledgement 意为“致意;打招呼”。 B B.requesting D.rejecting

3.A.discussing C.reporting 【解析】

根据 music played too loud, dogs barking...等信息可知她们向当地

警局反映情况,故用 reporting。 【答案】 C B.issues D.affairs

4.A.events C.incidents

【解析】 “petty little affairs”意为“琐事”。 event 大事,体育赛事; incident 事件,(尤其指不寻常的事)如暴力事件;issue 问题,都不合语境。 【答案】 D B.warned D.convinced

5.A.accused C.reminded

【解析】 邻居们非常不喜欢这对母女,作者一搬到这里就有人告知他这些 情况。warn sb.of sth.(警告某人某事)符合语境。 【答案】 B B.project D.matter 根据 more than once either the mother or the daughter would knock

6.A.challenge C.task 【解析】

on my door and blast me 可知,作者要和她们好好相处是个挑战。 【答案】 A B.opinions D.complaints

7.A.quarrels C.explanations 【解析】 【答案】

上文讲到这对母女喜欢投诉,可知她们找作者来抱怨。 D B.never D.sometimes

8.A.seldom C.always

【解析】 根据下文,作者想用自己的行动感动这对母女,故总是很有礼貌 地同她们讲话。 【答案】 C B.stared D.laughed 当她们经过时,作者向她们打招呼。 A B.account D.remark make a kind remark 意为“说好话;赞扬”。这也是作者友善的

9.A.waved C.noticed 【解析】 【答案】

10.A.difference C.gesture 【解析】 示意。 【答案】 D

11.A.smile C.decision 【解析】 【答案】 12.A.add C.reduce

B.attitude D.anger

尽管作者一再表示友好,她们的态度仍然没有改变。 B B.recommend D.drive

【解析】 add...to...“把??加到??中”。作者决定把她们也列入要送礼 物的名单中。 【答案】 A B.took D.fixed 根据语境,作者把饼干放在她们家门口。 C B.anxiety D.doubt

13.A.shared C.left 【解析】 【答案】

14.A.interest C.surprise

【解析】 根据. ..at my gate and jokingly said...可知她们出现在作者家门口, 说话态度很好,让作者感到惊讶。 【答案】 C

15.A.whispered C.shouted 【解析】 【答案】

B.stopped D.wandered

根据上下文,她们在作者家门口停留。 B B.intending D.approaching

16.A.imagining C.considering

【解析】 她们从作者的善意中受到了感悟,开玩笑说正在“考虑”在即将 到来的圣诞节在门口挂上圣诞袜来接收更多的礼物。 【答案】 C B.take up D.give up

17.A.take in C.give in

【解析】 根据 You may never know just what this...to others 可知,不要放弃 对别人的善意,不经意的善意会对人产生很大影响。 【答案】 D B.means D.contributes 一个人的善意对别人意味着很多。 B B.light D.warm

18.A.refers C.relates 【解析】 【答案】 19.A.kind C.hard

【解析】 文章告诉我们,这对母女开始很固执,铁石心肠,后来在作者的 感化下态度发生了改变。 【答案】 20.A.on C.by 【解析】 【答案】 C B.over D.with 用善意之举改变别人,故用介词 with。 D

Ⅳ.阅读理解 (2012· 吉安四校高三联考)People born in winter are more likely to suffer mental health disorders, according to a recent study carried out by researchers at Vanderbilt

University in Tennessee. Researchers raised baby mice from birth to weaning( 断 奶 ) in

either“summer”light cycles of 16 hours of light and 8 hours of dark or“winter”cycles of 8 hours of light and 16 hours of dark.A third group experienced 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark a day. Then half the winter mice stayed in a winter cycle, while half switched to a summer schedule.The summer mice were similarly split.The mice raised in equal periods of light and dark were split into three groups, one of which stayed on the 12hour schedule, one of which joined the winter group, and one of which joined the summer group. After 28 days, it turns out the summerborn mice behaved the same whether they stayed on the summer cycle or switched to winter.But among the winterborn mice, those stayed in winter kept their previous schedule, while those that switched to summer stayed active for an extra hour and a half, which indicates that mice born and weaned in a winter light cycle showed dramatic disruptions in their biological clocks. The Finding is the first of its kind in mammals, and it could explain why people born in winter are at higher risk for mental health disorders including bipolar depression, schizophrenia and seasonal affective disorder. “We know that the biological clock regulates mood in humans,”said study researcher McMahon.“If the mechanism (机制) similar to the one that we found in mice operates in humans, then it could not only have an effect on a number of behavioral disorders, but also have a more general effect on personality.” 【语篇解读】 本文介绍了一项最新的研究结果,结果表明冬天出生的人更 容易患心理疾病。 1.How many groups of mice are there finally in all in the experiment? A.Four. C.Six. B.Five. D.Seven.

【解析】 细节理解题。在第二段中提到了分成了三组,而在第三段中又将 这三组分别分成了两组、两组和三组,因此在实验中一共有七组老鼠。 【答案】 D

2.What's the main idea of the text? A.The biological clock regulates mood in humans.

B.People born in winter are at higher risk for physical health disorders. C.Being born in winter has a negative effect on people's mental health. D.The length of light will influence the behavior of the mice. 【解析】 主旨大意题。通读全文可知,文章的第一段就开门见山地点明了 本文的主旨,即冬天出生的人更有可能存在心理障碍,因此选 C。 【答案】 C

3.The underlined word “split” (Paragraph 3) can be replaced by ________. A.ended C.hit B.torn D.divided

【解析】 词义猜测题。 根据第三段的第一句及画线词后面的“were split into three groups”可推知,“split”与“divided”同义,意为“被分开”。 【答案】 D

4.Which group of mice has changed their behavior after the experiment? A.The group born in winter and staying in winter. B.The group born in winter and switching to summer. C.The group born in summer and staying in summer. D.The group born in summer and switching to winter. 【解析】 细节理解题。根据第四段的第二句可知,冬天出生的老鼠在夏天 的环境下,要多活跃一个半小时,它们的行为发生了变化,因此选 B。 【答案】 B

5.Who is the appropriate reader of the passage? A.A jobhunter. C.A newlymarried couple. B.A student in the university. D.An experienced dentist.

【解析】 推理判断题。通读全文可知,本文告诉我们出生时间对人的精神 健康的影响,再结合四个备选项可知,新婚夫妇应是最合适的读者。 【答案】 C


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