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【创新设计】2014-2015学年高中英语配套课件:选修9 Unit 4 Period 1(人教版,课标通用)


Unit 4

Exploring plants

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THE DESTRUCTION OF TROPICAL RAINFORESTS Ed Walker(E)is interviewing Dr AnneButler (A) abou

t the

destruction of tropical rainforests.
E : Anne , we hear a lot these days about how quickly tropical rainforests are disappearing.

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A:Yes,that's right.Rainforests now cover only 6% of the earth's land surface.They used to cover about 14%,so more than half of the world's tropical rainforests have been destroyed,and that's in less than 50 years.Over 150 acres of rainforest is lost

every minute in Asia,Africa,Central and South America.
E:That's unbelievable. A : Yes , it's frightening.The last remaining rainforests could be gone in less than 40 years. E:But why is this happening?

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A: Well ,there are a number of reasons.As populations increase,people need more land to live on.Forests are cut down

to plant crops or to start farms.The wood is sold for firewood or
building materials,furniture and paper,for example.And there are also mining companies which destroy the forests in their search for minerals. E:I suppose people have to make a living.

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A:Yes,but you know,people can make more money by harvesting things like fruits,nuts and oils,as well as plants that can be used in medicine than by cutting down the forests. E:Oh really?I didn't know that.Now,could you outline some of the reasons why it's not a good idea to destroy rainforests?

A:Sure.You must have heard about the rich animal and
plant life in tropical rainforests.Well,there are about 10 million species of plants and animals in the world.More than half of these live in the tropical rainforests.So,destroying rainforests means that thousands of these species are dying out before we've even

realized it.
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E:I've heard too that the rainforest could provide us with cures for diseases. A:Yes,there are certainly many new drugs waiting to be

discovered.Another problem is that the destruction of forests
contributes to global warming.Also,rainforests absorb a lot of rain so that there's a constant supply of clean water running into rivers and lakes.If the trees are cut down,the rain isn't absorbed and there is flooding.

E : So , what can individuals do to help slow down the
destruction?

A:That's a good question...(fade out)
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阅读短文,判断正(T)误(F) 1.Rainforests cover 14% of the earth's land surface. ( ) ) ) ) )

2.More than half of the rainforests have disappeared.
( 3.150 acres of rainforest are destroyed every day. ( earth. plants than from cutting down the rainforest. ( ( 4.In 40 years' time we might not have any rainforests left on 5 . People can make more money from harvesting rainforest

答案

1.F

2.T

3.F

4.T

5.T
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Period 1

Warming Up, Pre-reading & Reading

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Ⅰ.单词识记 1.____________v.虫媒→____________n.虫媒 2.____________/Ig'z?tIk/adj.异国情调的;外来的;奇异的

3.____________adj.远的,远处的→____________n.距离;远
4.____________/skeI/n.磅秤;天平盘;规模;程度;范围 5.____________/'mI??n?rI/adj.教会的;传教的

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6.____________v.约束;限制 7.____________adj.流利的;流畅的

8.____________adj.植物学的→____________n.植物学
9.pirate/'paI?rIt/n.____________ 10.endeavour/In'dev?/n.____________ 答案 1.pollinate;pollinator 2.exotic 3.distant;distance 5.missionary 6.restrict 7.fluent 8.botanical ;

4 . scale

botany

9.海盗

10.尽力,竭力

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Ⅱ.短语天地 1.on a large scale____________ 2.date back to/from____________

3.result in____________
4.in the 1740s____________ 5.come across____________ 6.____________以??知名;被认为是 7.____________呼吁;对??有吸引力

8.____________对??感兴趣
9.____________适应 10.____________大量的;许多
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答案
终归

1. 大规模地;广泛地

2.追溯到;远在 ?? 年代
5. 遇见,碰到

3. 导致;

4. 在十八世纪四十年代

6.be known as

7.appeal to

8.take/have/feel interest in 10.vast quantities of/large numbers of

9.be adapted to

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Ⅲ.句型搜索 1.The plants in our gardens look________ ________ ________(如此熟悉以至于)often we do not realize that many

of them actually come from countries________ ________(遥远
的 ). 2.Collecting “exotic” plants,________ ________ ________

________(所谓),________ ________ ________(追溯到)the
earliest times. 3.________ ________ ________(使植物存活下来)during long land or sea voyages was an enormous challenge. 答案 1.so familiar that;far away 2.as they are called;

dates back to

3.Keeping plants alive
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Ⅳ.预读理解
1.Which country sent botanical expeditions in the 18th and 19th centuries? A.Asian nations. B.Australia. C.European nations. D.North American nations.

2.What conditions did the plant collectors have to face?
A.Conflicts. C.Hunger.
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B.Disease. D.All of the above.
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3 . Why did the plant explorer lose several years' work in Paragraph 5?

A.The plants he collected died after a long voyage.
B.Large numbers of seeds failed to grow. C.He used the Wardian case in a wrong way. D.He got hurt in the expedition. 4.What is a Wardian case?

A.There are little holes to let air in.
B.It's a case made of metal. C.It's a case which can be carried. D.It's a container which supplies fresh water to plants.
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5.It can be inferred that________. A.China probably is the original nation of the tea plants

in India
B.Tree of Heaven was introduced from North America C.Father Farges discovered Dove Tree and made it popular in France D.Robert Fortune benefited a lot from the support of the

Chinese government
答案 1.C 2.D 3.A 4.C 5.A

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1.adapt v.使适应;改编 After entering the university,every student must adapt to university life. 进入大学后,每个学生都要适应大学生活。 The car's fuel system was adapted to take unleaded gas.

汽车的燃油系统经过了改装以便使用无铅燃气。
It took him a while to adapt himself to his new surroundings. 他过了好一阵子才适应新环境。
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【归纳拓展】 (1)adapt oneself to...使某人适应于……(to为介词) adapt to...适应于…… adapt sth from...根据……改编某物 be adapted for为……而改编、改写

(2)adaptable adj.有适应能力的;可改编的
adaptation n.适应;改编 (3)adopt v.收养;采纳

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The young couple had no children of their own and adopted an orphan.After a few months,the child came to adapt to his new life.

这对年轻夫妇没有亲生孩子,领养了一名孤儿。几个月过后这个
孩子渐渐适应了他的新生活。

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【比较网站】 adapt/adjust
(1)adapt指修改或改变,使某物或某人做些改变以适应新条件。 (2)adjust指借正当的判断或熟练的技巧 “调整,调节”以使两者 互相适应。

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用适当的介词填空

①The play is adapted________a novel.
②Most tools have been specially adapted________use by disabled people. ③When you go to a new country , you must adapt yourself________new customs. 答案 ①from ②for ③to

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2.familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的 Are you familiar with the rules of baseball?

你熟悉棒球规则吗?
English,maths and history are the subjects that are familiar to you. 英语、数学和历史是你熟悉的科目。 Your face seems familiar.你看上去很面熟。

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【归纳拓展】 (1)

项目
短语 be familiar to be familiar with

主语 宾语 物 人 人 物

意义 为??熟悉 熟悉某事物

(2)sb is familiar with sth=sth/sb is familiar to sb
(3)be on familiar terms with...和??交情好
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【温馨提示】 be similar to与……相似;注意与be familiar to的辨析。 I'm familiar with this car,which is not similar to yours. 我对这辆车很熟悉,这车与你的不一样。

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【单项填空】 The workers are so________to the noise of the machine that they

don't even notice it during their work.
A.accustomed C.familiar 解析 B.subjective D.associated

be accustomed to习惯(适应了)??;be familiar to为??

所熟悉。 答案 A

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3.distant adj.远的;远处的;远亲的;冷漠的 Peace was just a distant hope.

和平只是遥不可及的事情。
She could hear the distant sound of fireworks exploding. 她能够听到远处烟花燃放的声音。 a distant cousin/relative 远房堂兄弟/亲戚

in the too(not)distant future
在遥远的(不久的)将来

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【归纳拓展】 (1)distance n.距离,远离,at a distance 隔开一段距离,从稍远处 keep sb/sth at a distance=keep one‘s distance from sb/sth与…… 保持相当的距离,疏远 (2)distantly adv.遥远地,不密切地,疏远地

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【完成句子】
①We can see the mountain________the distance. 我们从远处就可以看到那座山。 ②The story happened in the________past. 这个故事发生在遥远的过去。

③You'd better_____________________________.It's dangerous.
你最好与那只狗保持距离,它很危险。 答案 ①in ②distant ③keep that dog at a distance

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4.environment n.环境 The office is quite bright and airy—it's a pleasant working

environment.
办公室既明亮又通风,那是一种非常愉快的工作环境。 We're not doing enough to protect the environment from pollution. 保护环境不受污染我们做的还不够。

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【归纳拓展】 environmental adj.自然环境的;影响自然环境的 environmentalism n.环境保护论

environmentalist n.环境保护主义者
environmental problems/protection环境问题/保护 environmentally friendly 利于环保的;不损害环境的 raise environmental awareness 提高环保意识 World Environment Day 世界环境日

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【比较网站】 surroundings/condition/environment 作“环境”讲,永远用复数形式,主要指周 围的物质环境。

surroundings

condition

其复数形式conditions可表示“环境;情况”
的意思,但它主要是指抽象意义上的。 作“环境”讲时,是单数集合名词,既可表

environment

示抽象概念也可表示具体意义,包括周围环 境、外界、自然环境、社会环境等。

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【完成句子】 ①It's difficult to imagine that you're working in such

poor________.
很难想像你是在这样差的条件下工作的。 ②An unhappy home________can affect a child's behaviour. 不愉快的家庭环境能影响儿童的行为。 ③Living in pleasant________is good for your health.

生活在舒心的环境中对你的健康有益。
答案 ①conditions ②environment ③surroundings

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5.conflict n.矛盾;冲突 vi.战争;冲突;抵触
the conflict of interest 利益冲突 conflict between religion and science 宗教与科学之间的冲突 The two stories conflicted,so I did not know which to believe.

两个故事相冲突,我不知道相信哪一个。
Do British immigration laws conflict with any international laws?英国的移民法与国际法有抵触吗?

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【归纳拓展】 conflict between...and... ……之间的冲突 conflict of... ……的冲突 conflict with与……冲突,与……战斗 in conflict with 与……冲突,与……矛盾

bring sb into conflict 使某人与……发生争执

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【比较网站】 conflict/fight/war/battle/combat (1)conflict多指对立的思想或意识所导致的冲突、分歧。

(2)fight多指短兵相接的肉搏和厮杀。
(3)war战斗的全体称为“战争”。 (4)battle多指敌对双方使用武器而进行的大规模的战斗。 (5)combat指个人或部队间的单独斗争、战争等。

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【完成句子】 ①She is________ ________ ________( 有 争 执 ) her boss over

sickness pay.
②Our views on children often________(互相抵触). ③ His account________ ________( 相矛盾 ) reports from other journalists. 答案 ①in conflict with ②conflict ③conflicted with

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6.accompany vt.陪伴;伴奏;附有;配有 I must ask you to accompany me to the police station. 我必须请你陪我去警察局。

The singer was accompanied on the piano by her sister.
女歌手由她姐姐钢琴伴奏。 Obama said in Shanghai ,“ It is no coincidence that the relationship between our countries has accompanied a period of positive change.”

奥巴马在上海说:“我们两国之间的关系带来了积极的变化,
这并不是偶然的。” I'll stay here and keep you company.我留下陪你。
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【归纳拓展】 (1) accompany sb to... 陪某人到……to为介词,be accompanied by 由……伴奏/伴随

accompany sb at/on sth 尤指用钢琴为……伴奏
(2 )company n. 陪伴;公司 companion n. 同伴,伙伴 keep sb company 陪伴,作伴

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【温馨提示】 accompany作动词用时意为“陪同 …… 去 ……”(go with...) ,本身已

包含了go的含义,因而不能再与go连用。
I accompanied him to the hotel.我陪他去了宾馆。 Her father accompanied her to the concert and when she sang, her father accompanied her on the piano.Her song sounded wonderful accompanied by the music.

她父亲陪她去音乐会,当她唱歌时,她父亲给她钢琴伴奏。在音
乐的伴奏下,她的歌声听起来优美极了。

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【完成句子】 ①Do you mind________ ________(陪我)to the supermarket?

②He________(附有)his speech with gestures.
③The well-known singer________ ________( 伴 奏 )at the electronic organ by his school teacher. 答案 ①accompanying me ②accompanied ③was

accompanied

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7.particular adj.特殊的,特别的 n.细节,细目
Children particularly would burst into laughter at his behaviour. 尤其是孩子们看到他的表演会大笑不止。 The foreigners usually have a particular preference for

Chinese art.
外国人通常对中国艺术有特别的爱好。

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【归纳拓展】 in particular=particularly特别地;尤其地 be particular about... 对……挑剔

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【比较网站】 particular/special/especial

(1)particular“特别的;讲究的;挑剔的”,强调特定的、个别的、

与众不同的。
(2)special“特殊的;专门的 ” ,强调事物特有的性质、性格或专 门的目的、用途,常与for短语或不定式连用。 (3)especial“特别的;主要的;突出的”,强调事物的重要性,有 “优越;好感”之意。

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【单项填空】 ①She has already tried her best. Please don't be too________about her job.

A.special
C.unusual 解析

B.responsible
D.particular

句意:她已经尽最大努力了,请不要对她的工作太挑剔了。

考查形容词辨析。be particular about为固定搭配,意为:对…… 很挑剔。special特别的,特殊的,专门的,专用的;responsible

有责任的,负责的;unusual不寻常的,罕见的。
答案 D
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【完成句子】
②I hope you can pay________attention to your handwriting. 我希望你能对书写予以特别关注。 ③The lecture will be of________interest to history students. 学历史的学生会对这个讲座特别感兴趣。

④She________ ________ ________ ________what she wears.
她对穿着特别挑剔。 答案 ②special ③especial ④is very particular about

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1.date back to追溯到……;远在……年代 This tradition dates back to medieval times. 这个传统起源于中世纪。 His interest in stamp collecting dates back to his school days.

他对集邮的兴趣始于学生时代。

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【归纳拓展】 1 date back to从现在追溯到过去某时,相当于date from或go back to,该动词的时态通常用一般现在时,没有被动语态。

The custom dates from the 17th century
这个风俗始于十七世纪。 2 out of date过时的 to date到目前为止 up to date新式的;合乎时代潮流的

make/fix a date定个日期
begin to date开始过时 date sb for the dance约某人去跳舞
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【翻译句子】 ①长城建于公元前3世纪。

________________________________________________________
②这座教学楼早在50年前就建成了。 ________________________________________________________ ③他有一些可追溯到二十世纪五十年代的唱片。 _______________________________________________________

答案

①The Great Wall dates from the third century BC.

②The teaching building dates back to 50 years ago. ③He has a collection of records dating back to the 1950s.
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2.on a large scale大规模地;广泛地 Here was corruption on a large scale.

这里的腐败现象曾十分严重。
There has been housing development on a large scale since 1980. 自从1980年以来,住房有了大规模的发展。 He does business on a large scale.他生意做的很大。

These cars are being produced on a large scale.
这些车正在大规模地生产。

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【归纳拓展】 1 scales n.常用复数秤;天平 a pair/set of scales一台/一组天平

a spring scale弹簧秤
2 scale n等级,级别;范围;程度;规模 a scale of salaries薪水的等级 people who are high in the social scale社会地位高的人

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【翻译句子】 ①破坏规模如此之大令我震惊。

________________________________________________________
②污染会引起全球气候的改变。 ________________________________________________________ 答案 ①I was shocked by the big scale of the destruction.

②Pollution could cause changes to weather patterns on a global

scale.

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3.come across(偶然)遇见;碰见 I came across some old pictures in my grandfather's drawer.我

在爷爷的抽屉里偶然翻到一些旧照片。
He spoke for a long time but his meaning didn't really come across. 他讲了很长时间,但他的意思没有被理解。 She came across well in the interviews.

她在面试中留下很好的印象。
My mother came across a child sleeping under the bridge. 我母亲偶然发现一个小孩睡在桥下。
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【归纳拓展】 come about 发生 come out 露出,出现;出版或发表;开花;传出,透露;显出; 照片洗出;结果…… come to 突然想到;共计;苏醒

come to do sth 逐渐地
come up with 想出;提供;找到解决问题的答案或方法

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【完成句子】 ①How does it________ ________that the air bus disappeared above the sea so immediately?

这架空中大巴突然间在海上消失了,这是怎么回事呢?
②He________ ________realize the importance of English. 他慢慢地意识到了英语的重要性。 ③The weather report said that it would rain this afternoon,but it________ ________to be fine.

天气预报说今天下午要下雨,但结果天气却很好。
答案 ①come about ②comes to ③came out
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4.bring back拿回来;使回忆起来;使恢复
Bring back the book next time.下次把书拿回来。 His story brought back our happy childhood. 他讲的故事使我们回忆起幸福的童年。 Her stay in the mountains has brought her back to health.

在山上的逗留使她恢复了健康。

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【归纳拓展】
bring about引起,致使,造成 bring down击落;射杀;降低

bring in获利;引进;推广;收获
bring out生产,制造 bring up养育,教养;呕吐 bring oneself to奋力,下决心 bring sb/sth under control控制某人/某物 bring...back to life使恢复;使苏醒;使生动 bring...back to health使恢复健康
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【比较网站】 bring back/bring about/bring down/bring in (1)bring back归还;使回忆

Please bring back the book tomorrow.
请明天将书带回来。 This story brought back my own childhood. 这个故事使我想起了自己的童年。 (2)bring about引起;致使;造成

What brought about the quarrel between them?
他们之间的争吵是由什么引起的?

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(3)bring down使减低;降低;打垮,击败 The government has taken some measures to bring down the price.

政府已采取了一些措施来降低物价。
(4)bring in 介绍;引进;赚得 Recently they have brought in new technology. 最近他们已经引进了新的技术。 He does odd jobs that bring him in about £30 a week.

他做零工每周可赚30英镑。

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【完成句子】 ①Tom is said________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(由他叔叔抚养成人). ②I'll try to persuade them to________ ________(降低) the price.

答案

①to have been brought up by his uncle

②bring down

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【单项填空】 ③Born and________near Edinburgh,Susan has devoted herself

to writing for the young.
A.brought in C.brought up 解析 B.brought down D.brought about

bring in引进,获利,推广,收获;bring down击落,射

杀,降低;bring up养育,教育,呕吐;bring about引起,致使,

造成。
答案 C

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1.The plants in our gardens look so familiar that often we do not realize that many of them actually come from countries far away.我们花园里的植物看上去是那么熟悉,以至于我们常常 意识不到在这些植物中有许多实际上来自遥远的国度。

这是一个复合句,以so...that引导的结果状语从句,在状语从
句中that引导的从句作realize的宾语。

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【归纳拓展】

so/such...that引导结果状语从句,意为“如此……以至于”。
so+adj./adv.+that...,so+adj+a/an+可数名词单数+that... so+many/few/much/little+n+that..

该结构中的so是副词,用法等同于“as...as”结构中的第一个
as,引导感叹句的how及“too...to”结构中的too 2 such...that句型的常见形式: such a/an+adj+可数名词单数+that... such+adj +可数名词复数/不可数名词+that

该结构中的such是形容词,用法相当于引导感叹句的what
3 so that以便于(引导目的状语从句);结果(引导结果状语从句)

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It was so hot a day that nobody wanted to do anything.

(=It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.)天气
如此热,谁都不想干活。 I made so many mistakes in the composition that the teacher criticized me. 我的作文中出了许多错误,老师批评了我。

He hurried up so that he could catch the train.
他匆匆赶路为的是赶上火车。 So fast did the teacher speak that I couldn't follow him. 那个老师说得太快,我听不懂。 【温馨提示】 当so.../such...放于句首时,主句应用部分倒装。
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【单项填空】 ________about the economic crisis that he decided to look for more information about it. A.So curious he was B.So curious was he

C.Such curious he was
解析 答案

D.Such curious was he

so/such+adj./adv.作表语或状语放在句首时,主谓倒装。 B

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2.Collecting “exotic” plants,as they are called,dates back to

the earliest times.收集所谓“异国”植物,要追溯到很久以前。 (1)本句是一个复合句, as引导非限制性定语从句,句子的主 语是collecting “exotic” plants,谓语是dates back to...。

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(2)as引导限制性定语从句时,在从句中作主语、宾语、表语、状 语等,常用的结构为: the same...as,such...as...等。as还可以代 替整个句子的内容,并在从句中作主语、宾语、表语。此时,as

引导的从句可放在句首、句中、句末,意思是“正如,就像”,
as is said above,as it is等。

常用的结构有:as you know,as anybody can see,as is known,

He was a foreigner,as I detected from his accent.
他是个外国人,我是从他的口音中听出来的。 Don't read such books as you don't understand. 不要读类似这些你不理解的书。 As is known to all,China is stronger and stronger.

众所周知,中国越来越强大。
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【归纳拓展】

1 as conj.
①引导时间状语从句,强调主、从句谓语动词的动作同时发生, 与while相近,意为“当……的时候”。 As she sang,tears came down her cheeks. 她一边唱歌,一边流泪。

②引导原因状语从句,相当于because,since,意为“因为,
由于”。 As he is a qualified doctor,I trust his advice on medical matters.,因为他是一个合格的医生,所以在医疗上我相信他的 建议。
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③引导方式和比较状语从句,意为“按照;如,像”。 She stayed in bed as the doctor had ordered.,她依照医生的吩咐卧 床休息。

The Christmas tree is almost as tall as the house.,这棵圣诞树几乎
跟房子一样高。 ④引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管”。 Young as I am,I already know what career I want to follow.,尽 管我很年轻,但我早就知道我想从事什么职业。

2 as prep.作为;如同;当某人是……某身份时She spoke of me
as her dearest friend.

她谈起我如同她最亲密的朋友似的。
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【比较网站】 which/as;as/with;as/like 关系代词which引导非限制性定语从句时,可以代替整个主句的 内容,但从句不能在句首,只能在主句之后;as引导非限制性定 语从句,既可放在主句前,又可放在主句后。 The boy didn't come back that night,which worried his parents

much.
这个男孩那天晚上没有回来,这使得他父母很担心。 As has been said,Wang has been married to Li. 正如人们所说,王和李结婚了。 as 表示 “ 随着 ” 时,是连词,引导时间状语从句,而 with 表示

“随着”时,是介词,不引导句子。
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As time went on,he grew clever and clever.

=With time going on,he grew clever and clever.
随着时间的推移,他越来越聪明了。 as prep.多用于正式场合;like常用于look like,feel like,sound like,like this/that等。 Let me speak to you as a father.

让我作为一个父亲跟你说话。
Let me speak to you like a father. 让我像一位父亲那样跟你说话。

As a boy,he lived in Beijing.
=When he was a boy,he lived in Beijing. 他小的时候住在北京。
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【单项填空】 Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, ________,of course, made all the others upset. A.who C.what B.which D.that

解析

句意:玛丽对杰克要比对其他人友好得多,当然,这使得

其他人都不太高兴。考查定语从句。分析句子结构和句意可知空 格处应该引导一个非限制性的定语从句,故排除 C、 D两项;空 格处的关系词用来指代前面整个句子内容,作 made 的主语,所 以排除A项,选B项。

答案

B
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3 . One such missionary , Father d'Incarville , was sent to
Beijing in the 1740s.传教士之一,汤执中,于18世纪40年代 被派到北京。 such adj.如此这般的;这样那样的;上述的;某某 He told me to go to such a place on such a date.

他叫我于某日去某地。

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(1)such 与不定冠词连用时,要放在该不定冠词之前;与 all , no , one,few,little,several,some,any等连用时,要放在其后。

She is such a clever woman.
她是这样一位聪明的女人。 I have met many such people. 我曾遇到过许多这样的人。 One such dictionary is enough.

这样的词典,有一本就够了。

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(2)such用作前置修饰语时,其位置在不定冠词之前,介词之后。 I was in such a hurry that I forgot my bag.

我如此匆忙以至于忘了我的包。
(3)such作“这就是……”讲时,多位于句首,用倒装语序。 Such is the answer to the question. 这就是问题的答案。

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(4)在such...as中, as引导定语从句,as 在从句中作主语或宾语。

这时 as 不能用 that 代替;在 such...that 中, that 引导状语从句,
that只起连接作用,不作任何成分。 It was such a result as I had never imagined. 它是这样一种结果,完全出乎我的意料。 (5)在such...that或so...that结构中,such或so可以提至句首,引起

部分倒装。
Such a heavy bag did he carry with him that he had to have a rest from time to time. =So heavy a bag he carried with him that he had to have a rest from time to time. 他带的那个包是这么重,以至于他不时地休息一下。
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【完成句子】 ①As I know,there is________ ________ ________(没有这样的 车) in this neighborhood. ②The money is used to buy basic foods________ ________(诸如)

flour,rice and pasta.
③________ ________ ________ ________(我们的班长就这样), modest,hard-working,always ready to help others. 答案 ①no such car ②such as ③Such is our monitor

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4.Keeping plants alive during long land or sea voyages was an
enormous challenge.要在长距离的陆地和海上的航行中,使植 物存活下来是一个很大的挑战。 句中keeping plants alive during long land or sea voyages是动 名词短语作主语。

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【归纳拓展】
Keep (1 ) vt表示“使……保持某种状态;使得……”时,常用于以下几 种结构: ①keep+宾语+adj.

Please keep your classroom clean and tidy.
请保持你们教室干净整洁。 ②keep+宾语+adv. What have kept you away for so long? 什么事使你离开这么久?
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③keep+宾语+v.ing, I am sorry to have kept you waiting.

对不起,让你久等了。
④keep+宾语+v.ed Keep the door closed.让门关着。 ⑤keep+宾语+介词短语 Don't keep your hands in your pockets. 不要把手插在口袋里。

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(2 ) vt.后接名词作宾语,构成动宾结构,意为“保存,保留;记 日记等;经营商店等;遵守诺言等”。 I keep a diary in English.我用英文记日记。

She keeps a bookstore 她经营一家书店。
Keep your word,please.,请遵守你的诺言。 (3 )vi.后直接跟形容词、副词或介词短语作表语,构成系表结构, 意为“保持某一状态”。 Please keep quiet!请保持安静!

(4 ) vi.后接动名词,表示连续不断地做某事。
The baby keeps crying all night.

那个婴儿哭了一夜。
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【归纳拓展】
(1)含keep的词组: keep from瞒住 keep to固守;坚持 keep on doing sth坚持做……

keep away from站开;使离开
keep back阻止;抵制;隐瞒;扣留 keep...from doing...阻止……做…… keep in touch with与……保持联系 keep out of挡住;使进不去,使在外
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keep to oneself守秘密,不告诉别人 keep up保持下去,继续下去 keep up with不落后于……,跟上

keep off使不接近
(2)alive adj. 活着的,在世的;存在的;活泼的,好动的 Who is the greatest man alive? 当今最伟大的人物是谁?

He was buried alive.他被活埋了。
This kind of love will be alive forever. 这种爱情永存。
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【比较网站】 alive/living/live/lively (1)alive(作表语或后臵定语,也作宾补)有生命的;活着的,还出 气的。

(2)living(作表语或前臵定语)“活的,健在的”,用于指人/物。
Her grandfather is still living at the age of 93. 她爷爷已93岁,仍然健在。

(3)live(作前臵定语)“活的,有生命的;带电的;直播的”,指物。 Look!A live elephant.

瞧!一只活生生的大象。

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They gave a live broadcast about the World Cup. 他们对世界杯进行了现场直播。 (4)lively(作表语或前臵定语)“活泼的;热烈的”,用于人/物。

They fell into a lively discussion of the question.
他们对这个问题进行了热烈的讨论。

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用lively/living/live/alive填空 ①Who is the greatest writer________? ②Don't touch that________wire?

③Is your grandfather still________?
④A(An)________language should be learned orally. ⑤The enemy was caught________. ⑥The children are so________that I like them. ⑦We'll watch the________football match tonight.

⑧I have________memory of my first day at school.
答案 ① alive ② live ③ living ④ living ⑤ alive ⑥ lively

⑦live ⑧lively
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【单项填空】 ⑨________around the fire, the tourists danced with the local

people.
A.Gather C.Gathering 解析 B.To gather D.To be gathering

句意:那些旅行者们聚在篝火周围和当地人一起跳

舞。考查非谓语动词作状语。故首先排除A项;不定式作状

语且置于句首时常作目的状语,不符合句意,故排除B、D两
项;空格处作伴随状语,只有C 项符合要求。 答案 C
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