当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

2015-2016学年高考英语一轮复习 Unit19 Language课件 北师大版


模块7? Unit 19 Language

基础再现
Ⅰ.写出下列必考单词
识记类词汇 使激动、颤动 1.thrill(vt.&vi.)____________ 自由 2.liberty(n.)____________ 尊贵的,皇家的 3.royal(adj.)____________ 准确,精确 4.accuracy(n.)_

___________ 流利度,流畅度 5.fluency(n.)____________ 十年 6.decade(n.)____________

基础再现
倾向 7.trend(n.)____________ 达到;获得 8.attain(vt.)____________ 包围 9.surround(vt.)____________ 足够的,充分的 10.adequate(adj.)____________ 媒体 11.medium(n.)____________ 加速 12.accelerate(vt.& vi.)____________

基础再现
表达运用类词汇 offence 1.冒犯,得罪(n.)____________ resemble 2.相似, 类似(vt.)____________ unconscious 3.没有知觉的(adj.)____________ applicant 4.申请者(n.)____________ competence 5.能力;技能(n.)____________ register 6.注册(vt.)____________ candidate 7.候选人(n.)____________

基础再现
fasten 8.束紧(vt.)____________ regulation 9.规则(n.)____________ embarrass 10.使窘迫(vt.)____________ punctual 11.守时的(adj.)____________ sincerely 12.真诚地,认真地(adv.)____________

基础再现
Ⅱ.写出下列单词的变化形式
fluency 1.流利度;流畅度(n.)____________

fluent 流利的;流畅的(adj.)____________
fluently 流利地(adv.)____________

accuracy 2.精确度,准确度(n.)____________
accurate 精确的,准确的(adj.)____________ accurately 精确地(adv.)____________

基础再现
absence 3.不存在;缺乏(n.)____________

absent 缺席的;茫然的(adj.)____________
adequate 4.足够的,充分的(adj.)____________

adequacy 足够(n.)____________
adequately 足够地(adv.)____________

adjust 5.调节,调整(vt.)____________
adjustment 调节,调整(n.)____________

inform 6.告知,通知(vt.)____________
通知;消息,情报(n.)____________ information

基础再现
negotiate 7.谈判,协商(vt.)____________ negotiation 谈判,协商(n.)____________ approval 8.赞成,赞许(n.)____________

approve 赞成(vt.)____________
applicant 9.申请人(n.)____________

apply 申请(vt.&vi.)____________
application 申请(n.)____________ regulation 10.规则(n.)____________ regulate 管理;使遵守规章(vt.)____________

基础再现
? 活学活用

用所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子。
absent at the meeting,and his 1.Yesterday he was ________

________made the chairman very angry.(absence) absence
adjusted 2.These desks need adjustment ________,so he ________them to

the height of any child.(adjust)
fluent 3.The girl is ________in French.When she spoke French

fluently ________in

the

party



her

fluency ________

surprised

everyone.(fluency)

基础再现
informed us immediately as soon as he got the 4.He __________ information ________.(inform) 5 . The two countries had to negotiate ________about the little negotiation island,but after two days'________ ,they didn't reach any agreement.(negotiate) regulations 6 . We should obey traffic _____________in order to regulate ________ our life.(regulation) 7 . He said he accurately ________described what had happened accuracy of his statement.After all,he there.But I doubt the __________ accurate his words.(accuracy) is not a person who is ________in

基础再现
approve of his actions and I approve 8.I don't ________ ________your suggestion that he remove the bad habit of smoking.(approval) applicant sent his ____________to application 9.The ________ the club and applied ________for membership.(applicant) surroundings 10.The old man likes to be in good____________ , where he surround ________himself with young people.(surround)

基础再现
Ⅲ.短语熟记
翻译下列必背短语 make progress 1.取得进步____________ regardless of 2.不管,任凭____________ provided that 3.假如____________ in the direction of 4.朝……方向____________ on purpose 5.故意地____________ in the state of 6.处于……的状态____________

基础再现
adjust...to... 7.调整……以适应……____________ to put it simply 8.简单地说____________ catch on 9.学会____________ take the form of 10.以……的形式出现____________

基础再现
? 活学活用 根据括号中的解释,从课文中找出恰当的短语完成下列 句子。 1 . You should not believe what he said , he did it on purpose ___________(by design). be associated with 2.The man was found to _________________(be related to) the car accident. get ahead 3.Trust me and I'm sure to ________(make it).

for ages 4.The old man hasn't heard from his son________(for
years).

基础再现
of (is made up of) 25 boys and 27 5.Our class consists ________ girls. Regardless of 6._______________(in spite of) many difficulties,they finished the hard work at last. I bet 7.________(I am sure) that our team will beat theirs.

takes the form of 8.Water ________________(exist in the form of) liquid.

基础再现
Ⅳ.语篇学习
ⅰ.课文内容语法填空 阅读课文,然后按照课文内容在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式完成下面短文。 As expected , English is now becoming the global language1.________ the growing international companies and with communications (communicate). the great advances in 2._______________

基础再现
Being able to speak English as a foreign language 3.________(make) you stand out and get ahead. 4.________ makes However,it is difficult to learn English well in the absence of a native language

Although people have realized that the best way environment. 5.________
to be surrounded (surround) by to learn a foreign language is 6._______________ that it , the chances 7.________ the language learners live in the native country are small. Thus , together with the teachers efforts to enrich the language environment,the experts also give

six recommendations to help us get ahead with our English
besides 8.________ staying dedicated: setting achievable targets; our

基础再现
an listening to English songs; reading 9.________ English newspaper or news website ; watching English DVDs; yourself . studying with your friends and rewarding 10.________

基础再现
ⅱ.话题作文翻译与背诵 上周,我们学校的学生会就 “我们是 否要学习英语 ” 在全校展开了调查。结 果表明,大多数同学表示赞成,因为他

们认为学好英语是现代社会对人们的要 求之一,而且对日后的就业非常有帮助。 然而,有些同学却表示反对,他们说学 习英语没用,是浪费精力。更糟糕的是, 他们感到学英语是一种负担。依我看, 我们应该学好英语,因为精通英语意味 着将来有更多的机会。

基础再现
Last week, the Students' Union in our school conducted _________________________________________________ a survey among all the students on whether we should learn _____________________________________________________ English. As the survey shows, most of the students say yes, for _____________________________________________________ they think learning English is one of the demands of modern _____________________________________________________ society and will do good to our future career. However, others _____________________________________________________ are against the idea, saying that learning English is useless _____________________________________________________ and is a waste of energy. What's worse, they take learning _________________________________________ English as a burden.As for me,I think having a good command of English means more opportunities in the future.

考点整合

Ⅰ.重点单词
1.absence n.缺席;不在(某处)

考点整合

归纳拓展
absent adj.=not present不在场的,缺席的
in/during one's absence 某人不在的时候

in the absence of...在(人)不在的时候;在(物)缺乏时
absence from work (school) 缺勤(课)

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)我不在的时候,请帮我照看房子。 Please look after my during my absence ____________________________________________. (2)这个决定是我不在的时候做出的。 was made in my absence The decision ____________________________ . (3)他没有参加昨天的会议。 He was absent from __________________________ yesterday's meeting. house

考点整合

2.surround vt.包围,围绕;与……紧密相关

考点整合

归纳拓展
surrounding adj.周围的 n.环境(常用复数)

surround sb./sth.(with sb./sth.)
围住某人/某物(尤指使之无法脱逃) surround sth./sb.(by/with sth.) 包围或环绕某人/某物 (常用于被动语态) surround oneself with

喜欢结交(某类人);喜欢身边总有(某类东西)

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)他们出动军队包围了这个镇。 surrounded the town with troops. They have ____________ (2)池塘四周绿树环绕。 surround Trees ____________ the pond. (3)房子的四周有高墙。 was surrounded by The house ______________________ high walls.

考点整合
(4)新计划备受猜疑。 is surrounded by much speculation. The new plan________________

考点整合

3.guarantee vt.保证,担保n.保证(金);担保;抵押品

考点整合
归纳拓展
guarantee sth.担保…… guarantee sb.sth.保证某人某事 guarantee to do sth.保证做…… guarantee+that-clause保证…… guarantee sb./sth.from/against...保证……不…… under guarantee在保修期内 give sb.a guarantee (that)向某人保证……

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)如果你和我们旅行,我能保证你玩得开心。 you a good time if you join our journey. I can guarantee ______________________ (2)我们会保证公司不受损失。

against We'll __________the company ________loss. guarantee
(3)我的车还在保修期内,所以我能免费让人修理。

under guarantee My car is still ________________so I can get it fixed free of
charge.

考点整合
(4)雾天我们不能担保火车准时到达。 guarantee the punctual arrival We can't ____________________________of trains in foggy weather.

(5)他向我们保证此类事情绝不会再发生。
gave us a guarantee He_____________________that it would never happen again.

考点整合

4.adjust vt.& vi.调整,调节;适应,习惯

考点整合
归纳拓展
adjustment n.调节,调整 adjust sth.调整…… adjust to适应…… adjust oneself to 使自己适应于……

考点整合
? 即学即练

选用上述单词或短语的适当形式完成下列短文。
At the beginning of the new term,the teacher told us adjusted that our learning plans should be (1)________correctly (2)________the new situation,and that all of us should to adjust ourselves to (3)____________________it.We all accepted it and made adjustments .Soon we got used to the new situation (4)_____________ and got good marks.

考点整合

5.inform vt.告知,通知

考点整合
归纳拓展
inform sb.of sth.通知某人某事 inform sb.that-clause通知某人…… inform sb.wh-clause告诉某人……

informed adj.了解情况的,见多识广的
keep sb.informed of (about) sth.让某人了解某事

information n.通知,信息,资讯

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)我们将会另行通知你具体的时间。 inform you of We'll ____________________ the exact time. (2)他告诉我他将去欧洲出差。 informed me that He ______________________ he was going to Europe on business ________________ .

考点整合
(3)这个决定将通知所有直接相关的人。
All those who are immediately involved will

be informed of the decision. ____________________

考点整合

6.congratulate vt.祝贺,庆贺,恭喜

考点整合
归纳拓展
congratulate sb.on (doing) sth.为某事向某人祝贺

congratulation n.祝贺
Congratulations!恭喜你! congratulations to sb.on(doing) sth.为某事向某人祝贺

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)希望我是第一个祝你成功的人。 congratulate on I'd like to be the first to ____________you ________your success. (2)“我被北京大学录取了。” “恭喜你!” —I have been admitted into Beijing University. Congratulations ! —________________

考点整合

7.attain v.达到,获得

考点整合
归纳拓展
attainable adj.可以达到的,可以获得的 attainment n.达到,获得 attain one's goal达到目的 attain power获得权力 attain to perfection达到完美的境地

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)我们必须尽一切努力来达到我们的目标。

We

have

to

make

every

effort

to attain our goal _____________________________________________________.

(2)他已经满14周岁但还不到15周岁。
has attained to the age He____________________________ of 14 but not to the

age of 15.

考点整合
8.embarrass vt.使(某人)觉得不自然、忸怩、尴 尬或害羞;使(某人)不安或焦虑

考点整合

归纳拓展
embarrassed adj.窘迫的 embarrassing adj.令人窘迫的 embarrassment n.困窘;令人困窘的事

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)我们经常因缺钱而窘迫。 embarrassed We are often _____________by lack of money. (2)他总是问一些令人困窘的问题。 embarrassing He is always asking some_______________questions. (3)公司面临着资金上的困难。 embarrassments The company is faced with financial________ .

考点整合
Ⅱ.重点短语
1.get ahead (使)走在前面;取得进步;获得成功

考点整合
归纳拓展
get ahead of sb.领先某人
get about/around/round (消息、谣言等)传播;流传 get (sth.) across (to sb.)(使某事)传播或为人理解 get along with sb. 与某人合得来,与某人和睦相处 get sth. back 失而复得,重新得到

get over sth. 克服,战胜;掌握
get through 用完;消耗掉;做成某事;接通电话 get (sb.) through (sth.)帮助(某人)成功做某事

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)后面那辆车想超过我们。 get ahead of The car behind wants to ________________ us. (2)他靠多做家庭作业很快在班上名列前茅。

got ahead of By doing extra homework,he soon ______________
his classmates. (3)我的工作已经有进展了。 got ahead I've ____________________with my work.

考点整合

2.catch on 明白(后接介词to);变得流行

考点整合
归纳拓展
catch on (to sth.)理解;学会 catch hold of 抓住 catch up (with sb./sth.)赶上 catch sb.doing sth.发现某人做某事 catch sight of 看见 catch one's attention/eyes 吸引某人

考点整合
? 即学即练 选用上述短语的正确形式完成下列短文。 Today,Tom was walking along the street and the scene

caught his attention . But suddenly he on the street (1)____________________
caught a man stealing something from an old lady.He was (2)________ angry , so he caught up with (3)_______________the thief and

caught hold of (4)________________him.At last , the thief was sent to the police station.

考点整合

3.keep to(to是介词)遵守;坚持; 待在某处; 靠 向;使不偏离;限制在(某话题、某范围内)

考点整合
归纳拓展
keep back阻止;控制;隐瞒;扣留;延迟 keep on 继续

keep up with 跟上,不落后
keep away from 不靠近,远离

keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事
keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

keep sth. in mind 记住某事
keep in touch with 与……保持联系

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)他总是坚守诺言。 keeps to his promises. He always ____________________ (2)他仍坚持他最初的决定。 keeps to He still ____________________ his first resolution.

考点整合
(3)天气太糟糕了,大多数人都被迫待在家里。 The weather is so terrible that most people are forced keep to to ______________ the house. (4)在中国,车辆一般是靠右行驶的。 keeps to In China,traffic usually________________ the right.

考点整合

4.keep in mind 将……牢记在心中

考点整合
归纳拓展
have sb./sth.on one's mind =have one's mind on sb./sth.挂虑;担心 bring/call sb.(sth.)to mind想起 change one's mind改变主意 make up one's mind下定决心 read one's mind读懂某人的心思

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)无论我们开始做什么,我们必须记住什么是正确的、

重要的。
Whatever we get down to doing , we must

keep in mind _______________what is right and important.
(2)你的故事使我想起了多年前我的一次类似的经历。

brings to mind Your story________________a similar experience I had
years ago.

考点整合
(3)一旦他下定决心,没有人能使他改变主意。
has made up his mind , no one can Once he ____________________ change his mind . make him ________________

考点整合

5.on purpose 有意地;故意地

考点整合
归纳拓展
for/with the purpose of 为了……的目的 to the purpose中肯的;切题的 on purpose=by design故意地 by accident偶然地

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)你有时会偶然伤害自己,但你不会故意伤害自己。 by accident You sometimes hurt yourself____________but you don't by design/on. purpose hurt yourself____________

(2)我不会只为买一双袜子而去购物。
for/with the purpose of I wouldn't go shopping _______________________buying a

pair of socks.

考点整合
(3)这答复一点也不中肯,所以不值得我们考虑。 to the purpose The reply was so little________________that it was not worth our consideration.

考点整合
Ⅲ.重点句型
1.But sadly,the chances that we will all have the opportunity to live in an English-speaking country are small.(p.7) 但很不幸的是,我们都将有机会生活在一个讲英 语的国家的可能性是很小的。

考点整合
归纳拓展
the chances that... are... “……的可能性是……”, 其中that引导同位语从句,对chances进行补充说明。

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)我们赢得比赛的可能性很大。 The chances ________________ that we are going to win the game are big. (2)我通过考试的希望很渺茫。

that I will pass the exam are remote. The chances ______________________
(3)他学习非常努力,考上重点大学的可能性很大。 As he works very hard the chances that he will be admitted to a key university ________________________________________________ high. , are

考点整合
2.Somebody jumping for joy is easy to see while a raised eyebrow conveying doubt is easier to miss.(p.10) 某人高兴得手舞足蹈是容易被观察到的,而挑起 眉毛表示怀疑却容易被人忽略。

考点整合

归纳拓展
(1)句中jumping for joy与conveying doubt都为现在分 词短语作后置定语,表示被修饰词(somebody与eyebrow)的 状态。

(2)句中while 为并列连词,用于连接两个分句,表示
前后句所说事情的相对或相反,译为“而……”。

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成或翻译下列句子。
(1)站在那边的那个男人是我们的新校长。

standing there is our new headmaster. The man ______________
(2)他喜欢看电影而我喜欢读书。

while I like reading. He likes watching films ________
(3)任何想去参观长城的人都可以在此签名。 Anyone hoping to visit the Great Wall can sign your ______________________________________________ name here. __________________________

考点整合
(4)正在睡觉的男孩是在那边擦窗户的女士的儿子。 The sleeping boy is the son of the woman ____________________________________________ cleaning windows there. _____________________________________ (5)点头表示同意而摇头表示不同意。 Nodding one's head means agreement while shaking _______________________________________________ one's head means disagreement. _________________________

考点整合

3.You say that there is a discount provided that I pay in advance.(p.12) 你说如果我提前付钱的话就有折扣。

考点整合
归纳拓展
1. provided that... “如果……的话,在……条件下”。

provide的过去分词形式 provided和现在分词形式 providing 均可作连词,用来引导条件从句,意为 “ 如果 ……的话,

在 …… 条件下 ” 。可直接引导从句,也可加上 that ,二者
可互换,但在正式文体中常用provided。

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)如果没有人反对,我们就在这里野餐。 Provided that there is no objection/Provided that ________________________________________________ nobody objects,we shall have the picnic here. _____________ (2)如果你去上海,我就去。 provided that you go . I will go to Shanghai ____________________ (3)他说可以把书借给你,前提是你把钱还给他。

He said he could lend you provided that you gave him back.the money ____________________________

the

book

栏 目 链 接

语法专题
动词时态和语态填空——专项训练
语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的特点,因此找出 隐含于上下文中的时间信息,确定动作行为所发生的时间 是解题的关键。做动词时态和语态填空题时,应注意以下 几点: 1.注意题干所提供的信息,如语境、情景以及说话 人的情感。 2.根据句中的时间状语以及一些副词判断时态。

语法专题
3 .考虑时态的一致性。需特别注意短暂性动词与
延续性动词这两个概念,短暂性动词用于进行时态和完 成时态都要受到限制。 4.根据语境考虑语态。

语法专题
专项训练
Ⅰ.用所给动词或动词短语的适当形式填空 1 . As the years passed , many occasions - birthdays , were marked (mark) with Dad's flowers. awards,graduations ____________ 2 . Customers are asked to make sure that they have been given (give)the right to change before leaving the shop. _____________ 3.Great changes have ______________ taken place (take place)in the city

and a lot of factories have ______________ been set up (set up)since the new plan
started.

语法专题
4 . The police found that the house

had been broken into (break into)and a lot of things __________________ have been stolen _________________(steal) . 5 . They believed that by using computers the would be increased (increase). production of their factory __________________

6.The headteacher says that all the preparations for
will have been completed the party _________________________ (complete)by Friday.

7.The wet weather will continue tomorrow when a is expected (expect)to arrive. cold frost ____________

语法专题
8.The careless driver is ________ to blame (blame)for the traffic

accident that happened ________ (happen)yesterday.
sell 9.Flowers usually ________ (sell)well on Valentine's Day, so their flowers ________ (sell)out were sold in no time that day. 10 . I wanted to buy that kind of cloth because I _______________ have been told (tell)the cloth ________ washes (wash)well. felt 11.The water ________ (feel)cool when I jumped into the pool for morning exercise. 12.-Have you handed in your schoolwork yet? is being graded (grade)now. -Yes,I have.I guess it ________________

语法专题
is said (say)that he is a smart boy. 13.It ________ be completed 14 . The work needs completing/to _________________________ (complete)by 6 pm. 15 . The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced (reduce)greatly if people are persuaded to ______________

eat more vegetables.

语法专题
Ⅱ.语篇填空 When he was a little boy,Christopher Cockerell once watched his mother turning the wheel of her sewing-machine with her hand. “Wouldn't it work quickly if a machine

turned 1.________(turn)the wheel for you?”he asked. “I suppose it would,”said his mother,without paying

any attention to him.

语法专题
Christopher 2.________(know)she always had a lot of work, knew and he wanted to help.In his bedroom there was a toy steam- had bought engine which his father 3.___________(buy)him as a gift.“I 4._____________(make)better use of it,”little Christopher said will/shall make to himself.So,when his mother 5.______________(not use)her was not using ,he fixed the toy steam-engine onto it.When sewing - machine was pleased finished the job 6.__________ (finish),he was quite ,thinking

his mother 7.__________(like)it.

would like

“Very clever,”his mother said when she saw it.Then she sat down and went on turning the wheel by hand.“I have been working 8.__________________ (work)like this for too many years,”she explained.

语法专题
This taught Christopher the lesson that anyone who
9.________(try)to improve anything 10.________(have)to has tries

learn:Many people don't like new ideas.

写作导航

书面表达分类训练(8)——说明文

写作导航

一、说明文写作
说明文是用简洁的文字介绍事物的特性、构造、变 化或结果的文章。高考中,说明文常见的话题有产品介 绍、地点描述、方位描写、调查报告、变化分析、购物 指南和操作说明等。

写作导航

二、应注意的问题
1.首先要读题审题,弄清需要介绍的内容,把握信息要 点,不可遗漏也不能随意添加信息。
2.写作内容要条理清楚,层次分明。说明科技方面的内 容常用定义法、比较/对比法、分类法和因果法等;说明自然环 境方面的内容常用时空次序法与分类法等。罗列事物、数据的 说明文应注意合理排序,优化结构。

3.时态常用一般现在时,若是介绍其历史时,要用一般 过去时;语态可能用到被动语态;若是介绍地点环境等,要善 于运用there be结构。

写作导航
专项训练
说明文写作练习 民工马明和王丽夫妇每月能挣 1 600元,他们有两个孩子。 仔细阅读他们这个月的开支预算(budget),然后用5个意思连贯 的句子表达所有的信息。

写作导航
A Family Budget Rent Electricity and gas Telephone Clothing Medicine Food Schooling Insurance 150 yuan 120 yuan 40 yuan 160 yuan 100 yuan 600 yuan 300 yuan 80 yuan

写作导航
【参考范文】 _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Ma Ming and Wang Li,whose income is about ¥1, _____________________________________________________ 600every month,have two children.It costs them ¥150 to

_____________________________________________________ rent their house and electricity and gas cost them
_____________________________________________________ ¥ 120.They have to spend only ¥40 on the telephone and _____________________________________________________ pay about ¥160 for their clothes.They need ¥100 for their ____________________________________________________ health care and ¥600 for their food.They pay ¥300 on their children's schooling and the insurance is ¥80. _____________________________________________________ _________________________________________ How hard their life is!

题型突破

细节理解型阅读理解

题型突破

一、细节理解题常见题型
细节信息内容包括人物、时间、地点、因果、条件、 结论、数据、逻辑等,考试中常以下列形式考查: 1.直观题。直观题可从文章的某个词语或某个句子理解 得出答案。 2.间接题。间接题需对文章内容进行概括、归纳、推理 方可找出答案。 3.排序题。选项给出一组乱序的内容,需根据文章内容

细细梳理或用首尾排定顺序再得出答案。

题型突破

二、细节理解题干扰项特点
1.答非所问。命题者设置的答案是原文信息,但不是题 干要求的内容。

2.符合常识。选项符合常识,但不是文章内容或题干要
求的内容。

3.添枝加叶。命题者把原文的信息扩大或缩小,使选项
内容超过文章的范围。 4.捏造事实。命题者根据原文内容编造信息组成干扰项。

题型突破
5.偷梁换柱。命题者采用原文中的句子结构和大部 分的词汇,但换置几个词曲解文章原意。 6.因果等同。命题者故意把结果说成原因或把原因 说成结果。

题型突破
专项训练
阅读理解练习
Imagine Sally and Anne having a drink in a bar.While

Sally is in the bathroom,Anne decides to buy another drink,
but she notices that Sally has left her phone on the table.Anne puts the phone into her friend's bag before heading to the bar so that no one steals it.When Sally returns,where will she expect to see her phone?

题型突破
If you said she'd look at the table where she left it, congratulations! You have a “theory of mind” — the ability to understand that another person may have knowledge,ideas and beliefs that differ from your own,or from reality.

This ability may not seem special but it involves doing
something no other animal can: ignoring our own beliefs about the world — that the phone is in the bag — and take on an alternative world view. The “theory of mind” was first developed in the 1970s, when it was discovered that at around the age of four,

题型突破
children develop this ability.The standard way to test a child's “theory of mind” is called the Sally - Anne test.It

involves acting out the events described earlier , only with
puppets and a missing ball. When asked,“When Sally returns,where will she look for the ball?” most three-year-olds say she'll look in the new spot,where Anne has placed it.The child knows the ball's location,so they cannot imagine that Sally would think it was anywhere else.

题型突破
But around the age of four,that changes.Most four and

five-year-olds realize that Sally will expect the ball to be just
where she left it. For over two decades that was the dogma,but the idea has been challenged by new research that indicated “theory of mind” is present in babies just 15 months old. Such young children cannot answer questions about where they expect Sally to look for the ball,but you can tell

what they're thinking by how long they stare: babies look for
longer at things they find surprising.

题型突破
When Sally searched for the ball in a place she should

not have expected to find it , the babies did stare for longer.In other words , they seemed to understand that people can have false beliefs.
1.The author told the story about Sally and Anne in the bar in order to ________.

A.test how clever the readers are
B.explain how adults solve problems C.introduce the concept of “theory of mind” D.show the difference between facts and beliefs

题型突破
2.Which of the following is true about the classic Sally- Anne test? A . It concluded that children developed the theory of

mind around four.
B.It showed children were confused by the Sally-and Anne test. C.It found that three-year-old children didn't know how to lie.

D.It proved that 4-year-olds were smarter than 3-
year-olds.

题型突破
3.According to the passage,“the theory of mind” has been ________. A.universally accepted B.criticized by the scientists C.clearly proven to be wrong

D.challenged by some researchers
4.When babies who can't talk are given the Sally-Anne

test,why did they stare?
A.They were surprised about where Sally was looking for the ball.

题型突破
B.They were happy to know that Sally was unable to

find the ball.
C.They were confused by the fact that Sally couldn't find the ball. D.They were interested in where Sally was looking for the ball.

5.The passage includes the following contents EXCEPT
________. A.new findings opposing the classic Sally-Anne test B.how different adults and children are

题型突破
C.how the Sally-Anne test is done D.what the “theory of mind” is 1.解析:写作意图题。第一段用假设性情境引出话题, 是为了介绍“theory of mind”这个概念。 答案:C

2.解析:细节理解题。从第四段“when it was
discovered that at around the age of four,children develop this ability.”可知选A。 答案:A

题型突破
3.解析:细节理解题。从倒数第三段的“but the idea has
been challenged by new research that indicated ?theory of mind’ is present in babies just 15 months old.”可知选D。

答案:D
4 . 解 析 : 细 节 理 解 题 。 从 倒 数 第 二 段 的 “ Such young

children cannot answer questions about where they expect Sally to
look for the ball”可知选A。 答案:A 5.解析:细节理解题。本文没有涉及成人与孩子的区别。 答案:B


相关文章:
版高考英语一轮复习UnitLanguage课时作业北师大版选修-精
高考英语一轮复习UnitLanguage课时作业北师大版选修-精_英语_高中教育_教育专区...__19__ after a death, a breakup, a layoff you become hardened and ...
...2017版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课堂检测 ...
【创新设计】2017版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课堂检测 北师大版选修7_...2015-2016学年高考英语一... 105页 2下载券 2014高考英语(北师大版)... ...
2015-2016学年高中英语 阶段检测一 北师大版必修5
2015-2016学年高中英语 阶段检测一 北师大版必修5_英语_高中教育_教育专区。阶段检测一第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 ...
...一轮活页训练(基础版):7.19 Unit 19 Language]
【创新设计】2015高考英语(北师大版)一轮活页训练(基础版):7.19 Unit 19 Language]_高中教育_教育专区。【创新设计】2015高考英语(北师大版)一轮活页训练(基础...
2017届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课时练课时练...
2017届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课时练课时练(2)_英语_高中教育_教育...2014高考英语总复习课件... 74页 1下载券 2015-2016学年高考英语一... ...
2017届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课时练课时练...
2017届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 19 Language课时练课时练(3)_英语_高中教育_教育...2014高考英语总复习课件... 74页 1下载券 2015-2016学年高考英语一... 105...
2015-2016学年高中英语 综合过关检测 北师大版必修5
2015-2016学年高中英语 综合过关检测 北师大版必修5...答案:C 19.How can people become a member of ...language,either in person or on the Internet ...
2016高考英语一轮复习 知识排查突破 book1 unit1 frien...
2016高考英语一轮复习 知识排查突破 book1 unit1 friendship 新人教版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。book1 unit1 friendship 1.on purpose 故意 2.face to face ...
2015-2016学年高中英语 阶段检测二 北师大版必修5
2015-2016学年高中英语 阶段检测二 北师大版必修5_...unit U.S.bills($1 and $5)to use in hard-...language in more detail,we recommend the tape ...
SSP-2015-2016学年高考版3月刊答案及听力录音文字
SSP-2015-2016学年高考版3月刊答案及听力录音文字_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育...W: My mother thought the language was terrible, but my father liked it....
更多相关标签: