必修五 Unit l Great Scientists
一、攻克词汇 I．重点词汇 1 特征，特性_________ 12．热情的；热心的_________ 2．病毒___________ 13．积极的，肯定的_________ 3．建设，结构，建筑物_________ 14．小心的，谨慎的_________ 4．经验丰富的；专家，
行家_________ 15．怀疑／被怀疑者；嫌疑犯_________ 5．责备；谴责 n．&v_________ 16．照顾；护理；出席；参加 v．_________ 6．结束；推断出 v．_________ 17．污染；弄脏 v_________ 7．宣布；通告 v_________ 18．吸收；吸引；使专心 v_________ 8．命令；指示；教导 v._________ 19．治愈；痊愈 v&n._________ 9．打败；战胜；使受挫_________ 20．柄； 把手／处理； 操纵 n&v．_________ 10．使??显露；暴露_________ 21．图表_________ 11．询问 n_________ 22．医生，内科医生_________ Ⅱ．词不离句（从重点词汇中选出 10 个合适的词并用适当形式完成句子）. 1.The enemy was _________in a decisive battle. 2.The baby was left _________to the sun. 3.Clever children_________knowledge quickly. 4.She is very _________of hurting his feelings. 5.He is famous in this field,and tens of thousands of fans will_________his lecture this evening. 6.What _________distinguish the Americans from the Canadians? 7.After the match,the judge _________that our team won the title. 8.In respect of the problem,we don't have to draw a_________. 9.You must be very careful to _________such a complex case. 10.Which driver, do you think, was to _________for the accident? 二、积累短语 I．短语集锦 1．提出__________________ 9．有意义；讲得通__________________ 2．得出结论__________________ 10 ． 将 ? ? 和 ? ? 连 接 起 来 __________________ 3．使暴露于??中__________________ 4．结束__________________ 11． 因??而责备某人__________________ 5．除??之外；此外__________________ 12．对??严格的__________________ 6．导致，造成（后果）__________________ 13．全神贯注于__________________ 7．调查；研究__________________ 14 ． 为 ? ? 作 贡 献 ； 促 使 、 导 致 ； 投 稿 __________________ 8．也；另外__________________ Ⅱ. 用上述短语的适当形式填空 1.They_________ the secretary_________ the delay of the plan. 2.His careless driving _________ _________the serious traffic accident. 3.From the facts _________ _________ _________he that polluted water carried the disease.
4. Mary ________ _______ ____________reading, so she didn't notice what was happening. 5.The teacher is popular with the students because he__________ __________ _______them. 6._______ __________ __________Xiao Wei,who else will go there? 7.Can you_________ _________ _________ the text? 8.To be honest,my carelessness a lot my failure. 9.The suggestion _________ _________at the conference is under discussion. 10._________ _________being too big,the color of the dress doesn't suit me either. 三、完美句子（根据课文内容补全句子） 1．只有当你把太阳放在中心位置上，天空中其他行星的运动才能说得清楚。 _________ if you put the sun there ________ the movements of the other planets in the sky________ ________ . 2．人们不但不知它的病源，也不了解它的治疗方法。 ________ its cause________ its cure was understood. 3．第二种看法是吃饭的时候人们把这种病毒引入体内的。 The second ________ that people________ this disease________ their bodies with their meals. 4．他从两个与宽街爆发的霍乱有关联的死亡病例中发现了有力的证据。 He found supporting evidence from two other deaths that________ ________ ________ the Broad Street outbreak. 5．为了阻止这种事情再次发生，约翰·斯诺建议检查所有的水源供应。 To ________ this ________ ________ again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies________ ________ .
Section One:词汇 1．put forward ▲【观察·思考】 (l)The workers will go on strike if the demands they________ are turned down. A.came up B．put forward (2)________ your watch________ ; it's five minutes slow. 将你的手表拨快些，它慢了五分钟。 (3)One should always ________ a little money ________ for a rainy day． 一个人总应积攒点钱以备不时之需。 (4)She washed the cups and ________ them________ . 她洗完杯子后便把它们收了起来。 (5)Let me________ ________ your telephone number in case I forget it． 让我先记下你的电话号码，以免忘了。 (6)1t was 2 hours before the fire was________ ________ .（扑灭） (7)The meeting has been ________ ________ until next week． （推迟） (8)【一言辨】 She was to ① on a performance that evening. put After he②put on her dress,l found she had③put on a lot of weight. (汉：① ________ ②________ ③________ (9)I want to ________ ________ a fence between our property and our neighbor's.
我要在我们和邻居的地产之间修道篱笆。 (10)I won't ________ ________ ________ her rudeness any longer． （忍受） 【归纳总结】 (l)put forward①提出（建议等）②拨快（时钟指针）<→> put ... back (2)put aside ①放一边②储蓄(=put away/set aside) (3)put away ①收起莱放好（以备后用）②积蓄，攒钱 (4)put down: ①放下②写（记）下 (5)put off:推迟，延期 (6)put on ①穿上②上演 ③增加(weight) (7)put out①扑灭（火）②出版(vt.)=>come out（vi． ） (8)put up①举起②搭建(a tent／fence) (9)put up with 容忍，忍受，其同义词有：stand,bear，tolerate,．endure（忍受痛苦、苦难） (10)put an end to 结束，终止 (ll)put......into practice 把??付诸于实践 (12) put up at the hotel for the night 在旅馆里过夜 / put sb．up 向某人提供食宿 ▲【再练练】 (l)You can take anything from the shelf,but please________ the books when you've finished with them. A.put on B.put down C.put back D.put off (2)The forest guards often find campfires that have not been________ completely. A.turned down B.put out C.put away D.turned over (3)It is wise to have some money________ for old age. A.put away B.kept up C.given away D.lay up (4)(2011.全国) I can ________ the house being untidy, but I hate it if it's not clean. A.come up with B.put up with C.turn to D.stick to (5)(2012.全国)Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can________ almost every word her teacher says. A.put out B.put down C.put away D.put together (6)(2010.全国Ⅱ)My mother opened the drawer to________ the knives and spoons. A.put away B.put up C．put on D.put together (7)John has recovered and ________ 3 kilos since he left hospital last month. A.put up B.put down C.put away D.put on (8)Terrible!I can't imagine how you can ________ that noise ! A.resist B.sustain C.tolerate D.compromise 2．conclude:v． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)We________ the meeting ________ ________ an English song//________ an English song, 我们以一首英语歌结束了这次会议。 (2)We may ________ ________ his appearance that he is a heavy smoker. 从他的外表我们可以断定他烟抽得很凶。 (3)We will have a further discussion________ we draw a final________ 。 我们将作进一步的讨论，然后再作出最终结论。 (4)________ ________ ,I think there is hope for the future. 总之，我认为将来还有希望。
(5)We ________ ________ the two substances have combined to form the new material. 我们得出这样的结论：两种物质结合形成新的物质。 【归纳总结】
▲【再练练】 (1)我看他是在说谎。 I came ________ ________ ________ ________ he was lying. (2)We can't ________ whether a child is clever or stupid from his(her)points in an examination. A.conduct B.notice C.understand D.conclude (3)The peace negotiations were successfully________ . A.concerned B.concluded C.conducted D.confirmed 3．defeat vt．&n． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)Zhang Yining________ ／________ Li Jiawei________ ________ in the 29th Olympics. 张怡宁在第 29 届奥运会上艰难地战胜了李佳薇。 (2)Much to his disappointment,he was badly________ ／________ in the election. 令他将别失望的是，在大选中他败得很惨。 (3)Who do you think will ________ the beauty contest? 你认为谁能赢得这次选美比赛？ (4)The team has suffered several ________ recently. 球队最近多次败北。 (5)His heart was____faster when he heard the sound. (6)The storm stopped but the waves were still ________ the shore. A.striking B．hitting C．beating D．knocking 【归纳总结】 defeat，beat，win 这三个词都有“赢”的意思，但用法不尽相同。 (1)defeat 和 beat 都可接 sb．作宾语，一般可以互换，其宾语通常是‘ ‘人”或“一个团体” ， 如 a team，a class，a school，an army 等。另外，defeat 还可用于指在战争中“击败”敌军或 入侵者。 (2)win 后接 sth.，如 game,war,race,prize,love,respect 等；后接 sb．时表示“争取某人”o 常 与副词 over 搭配。 (3)beat-beat-beaten 除“赢”意思外，还有“心跳”“ ，（不停地）拍打”等意。
▲【再练练】 (1)He ________ all the competitors in the English competition. A.won B.beaten C.defeated D.fought (2)He is so good at tennis that I have never ________ him. A.struck B.hit C.beat D.defeated ※(3)On a dark night, they ________ the enemy by surprise and ________ the town. A.took;took B.took;seized C.seized;made D.seized;took 4．attend vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)One day,I received an invitation to________ a fancy dress-ball. 一天，我收到一份请帖，请我去参加一个奇特的化装舞会。 (2)All children between the ages of 5 and 16 must________ ________ . 所有 5-16 岁的孩子必须上学。 (3)I have an urgent matter to______ ________ . 我有一件急事要办。 【归纳总结】 (l)attend the meeting/lecture/ceremony/wedding etc.（以观众或听众身份）参加会议／听讲座／ 参加仪式／婚礼等 (2)attend school/college/one's class 上学（大学）／听??的课 (3)attend to sth．/sb．①处理（某事） ；②照料（某人） ▲【注】其它参看 Unit 2 BⅡ ▲【再练练】 (1)He is really too busy ________ ________ ________ anything else． 他实在太忙，无法分身。 ※(2)Who is ________ the patient? A.taking care B.looking for C.joining in D.attending on (3)(2011.湖南)It is the most instructive lecture that I________ since I came to this school. A.attended B.had attended C.am attending D.have attended 5．expose vt. ▲【观察·思考】 (l)When he smiled he ________ a set of perfect white teeth. 他笑时露出了一口漂亮的白牙。 (2)He________ _the plan to the newspapers. 他向几家报纸透露了这个计划。 (3)The film has been________ . 这胶卷已经曝光了。 (4)Do not_________ babies________ strong sunlight. 不要让婴儿受到强烈的日光照射。 --Babies can't________ ________ ________ strong sunlight. (5)Teachers must keep a record of students'________ . 者师必须记录学生的出席情况。 (6)As CCTV's war correspondent in Iraq, Shui Junyi________ ________ ________ many dangers．作为中央电视台的伊拉克的战地记者，水均益置身于种种危险中。 (7)He was on television a persistent liar.
他撒谎成性，终于在电视里遭人揭发。 (8)After only a short ________ to sunlight,my skin began to turn red． 我在阳光下只晒了一会，皮肤就开始变红了。 【归纳总结】
▲【再练练】 (1)①________ to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one's skin. ②________ to sunlight for too much time,the color of the curtain faded. A.Exposed B.Having exposed C.Being exposed D.After being exposed (2)婴儿被遗弃于风雨之中。 The baby was left________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ． (3)-But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people________ ________ ________ cholera.(课本） 但是当他一想到要帮助那些得了霍乱的普通百姓时，他就感到很振奋。 (4)He smiled suddenly,a set of amazingly white teeth________ . （露出一口雪白的牙齿） 6．cure．treat ▲【观察·思考】 (l)There is no known________ for this illness but it can be. 这种病尚无确切的治愈方法，但可医治。 (2)This medicine________ ________ ________ my cold. 这种药治好了我的感冒。 (3)The doctors are trying their best to________ her with a new drug. 医生们正尽力用一种新药为她治疗。 (4)The hospital________ forty cases of cancer last year.（医治，治疗） (5)She________ him to lunch． （招待，款待；请客） (6)The way the guests ________ in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service. A.treated B.were treated C.would treat D.would be treated (7)-I'm sorry. I've left my credit card home.And I don't have enough cash for the meal. - Don't worry.________ .
A.I'll invite you 【归纳总结】
B.It's my pleasure to pay you
C.It’s my treat
D.It's at your expense
▲【再练练】 (1)She ________ him________ stealing.(控告......)=She charged him________ stealing.(介词) (2)Please________ us________ any changes of address.(通知；告诉） 3)You ________ me________ your father when you said that.(使......想起） (4)He resigned after he was________ ________ theft.(怀疑......） (5)(2011.四川)All visitors to this village________ with kindness. A.treat B.are treated C.are treating D.had been treated 7．blame vt．&n， ▲【观察·思考】 his drunk(l)The policeman________ ________ ________ driving. 警察责备他酒后驾车。 (2)The police ________ the traffic accident ________ Jack's careless driving. 警察把那起交通事故归咎于杰克的粗心驾驶。 (3)It is you rather than he________ ________ ________ .(应受谴责） (4)【一言辨】
He was________ ________ （因??被责备）the accident,but he________ ________ ________ （把它归咎于）others. In fact,it is he,not others,that________ ________ ________ ________ it． （该为此承担责任） I【归纳总结】 (l)be to blame(for)应负责任，应受谴责（主动表被动） (2)blame sb.for 因??而责备某人 (3)blame sth.on sb．把某事归咎于某人 ▲【再练练】 (1)________ for the breakdown of the school computer network，Alice was in low spirits. A.Blaming B.Blamed C.To blame D.To be blamed (2)Mr.Green stood up in defence of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one________ . A.blamed B.blaming C.to blame D.to be blamed (3)(2010.安徽合合肥模拟)“Mankind is to ________ for global warming", some top climate scientists said. A.stand B.employ C.blame D.wait (4)(2010.宁夏银川模拟)The mother who lost her son insisted that the careless driver ________ for the traffic accident yesterday. A.was to blame;happening B.be to blame;happened C.be blamed;was happened D.was to blame;had happened 8．handle n．&vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)She turned the________ and pushed the door open. 她转了一下把手把门推开。 (2)________ these instruments gently. 这些仪器要轻拿轻放。 (3)1 don't know how to ________ these people. 找不知道怎样应付这些人。 (4)He is the only one here who knows how to________ the machine． 他是这儿唯一懂得如何操纵这台机器的人。 【归纳总结】 (l)n．把手，柄 (2)vt．①触、摸、拿②处理，应付(一 deal with./cope with) ③操纵 ▲【再练练】 (l)As nobody here knows what is wrong with the machine, we must send for an engineer to ________ the problem. A.handle B.raise C.face D.present (2)易错点:________ well, the car is well received. A.Handling B.Handled C.Handle D.To handle 9.link...to...参 Unit 2BⅢ 10.announce 与 declare ▲【观察·思考】 (l)The results of the final exam will be ________ in a few days. 期终考试的结果将在几天后公布。
(2)The boy________ ________ ________ that he was going to try out his toy plane in the afternoon. 那男孩向我们宣布，他下午要去试飞他的玩具飞机。 (3)Our government has ________ ________ ________ Ruritania. 我们政府已向鲁里坦尼亚宣战。 (4)She ________ that she knew nothing about the robbery. 她声称对那次抢劫一无所知。 (5)Attention, please, everyone!I have an ________ ________ to make. 大家请注意，我宣布一件事。 【归纳总结】 announce 和 declare 两者都有“宣布”的意思： 区别： announce:(state sth.publicly)指公开宣布公众感兴趣的事，着重于“大家都知道”常译为“宣 布、公布” 。 declare:(make sth.public or official,according to rules or custom)指在庄重场合官方权威人士公 开宣布战争、和平、判决和意见等，着重于“使人明白”（较正式、庄重）常译为“宣告， 。 声明” 。 ▲【再练练】 (l)Jones ________ ________ the winner. (2)The fact that she never apologized ________ a lot about what kind of person she is. A.says B.talks C.appears D.declares (3)The schoolyard came to life when the kids rushed out to play games or chase each other for fun at the sound of the bell________ the end of class. 11．contribute v． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)The writer personally________ $50,000 ________ the disaster-stricken area. 那位作家亲自捐赠了 5 万美元给受灾地区。 (2)Zheng He made several voyages during his lifetime and________ ________ ________ ________ /________ ________ ________ the science of navigation in China． 郑和在他一生中多次航行．为我国的航海学做出了巨大贡献。 (3)A proper amount of exercise ________ ________ good health. 适当的运动有助于健康。 (4)His carelessness contributed to the accident. 饱的粗心导致了事故的发生。 (5)I________ ________ ________ ________ ________ Beijing Evening News,but none of them have been published. （投稿） 我已经给《北京晚报》投了好几篇文章，可一篇也没发表过。 (6)他对项目的全面成功做出了非常积极的贡献。 He________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ the overall success of the project. 【归纳总结】 (1)contribute．．to．．①（向??）捐献??②（向报社等）投稿 ． ． (2)contribute to sth./doing．．①对??作出贡献②促成，导致；③有利于 ． (3)make a contribution to=make contributions to 对??做出贡献
Many people contributed money to the poor boy, which contributed to his returning to school. A writer wrote a story about it and contributed it to a newspaper. 许多人给这个可怜的小男孩捐 钱，这使他重新回到了校园，一位作家写了一篇关于此事的文章并把它投到了报社。 ▲【再练练】 (1)I think you need some outdoor exercise. Plenty of fresh air will________ ________ ________ ________ ． （有助于身体健康） (2)He contributes regularly to the magazine New Scientist. （英译汉） (3)Community police have________ ________ ________ ________ ________ crime prevention. 社区警察对防止犯罪做出了积极的贡献。 (4)-There is no doubt that your singing will________ greatly to the success of the party. -I'm so flattered. A.devote B．contribute C．promote D.stick (5)I'm sure your suggestion will________ solving the problem of housing in some large cities. A.contribute to B.come to C．stick to D.agree to 12.apart from... ▲【观察·思考】 (l)Apart from the construction mentioned above,you have also learned the following phrases.(P4) ________ 以上提到的结构，你也学过下面的词组。(相当于________ ) (2)This essay is good apart from a couple of spelling mistakes. ________ 有些拼写错误，这篇文章写得不错。(相当于________ ________ ) (3)The little boy________ ________ the clock to see how it works． （拆开） (4)They look almost the same;it's difficult to________ them________ .（区分开） 【归纳总结】 (1)apart from： 除了， 根据语境， 有时既可以相当于 besides， 也可以相当于 except 或 except for (笼统) (2)take.apart 把??拆开 (3) tell.．apart．，把??区分开 ． 13. besides,except,except for 与 except that: (1)________ his work in physics,he spent a lot of time working for human rights and progress. 除了在物理方面的工作，他还将大量时间用于为人权和人类进步而努力。 (2)Everyone is at school today________ / ________ Tian Tao．今天除田涛之外大家都在校。 (3)Your article is well written________ ________ several spelling mistakes. Your article is well written________ ________ there are several spelling mistakes. (4)I don't want to go to the cinema;________ , I'm feeling too tired. (5)They could do nothing________ /________ ________ ________ . 他们只得屈服。 (6)He has no choice________ /________ ________ ________ .
他除了服从别无选择。 【归纳总结】 (1) besides ① 词： ??之外，还??” 具有附加性质 ②副词： “ ， 此外， 而且-in addition (2) except/but“除了（不包括）；具有“排他”性质（同类事物） ▲后可接不定式，如果 ” 其前有实意动词 do，其后的不定式须省去 to，口诀：有 do 无 to，无 do 有 to. (3)except for：在说明整体的基本情况后，再对细节加以纠正，即：肯定整体，修改部分。 ▲【再练练】 用 except( for / that. . . ) ; besides 等填空 : (1)________ Wang Mei, two more girls in our class took part in l,500-metre race and she won the first. (2)She did nothing but________ (watch)TV until 11 last night. (3) Does John know any other foreign language________ French? (4)The suit fitted him well________ ________ the colour was a little brighter. (5)I don't mind picking up your things from the store________ , the walk will do me good. (6) He lives in a town________ a lake. (在......旁) ※(7)I know nothing about the meeting________ it was held. A. besides B. except C. except for D. except where Section Two:今日脱口，迎战高考 1．那天晚上她有演出，在她穿上连衣裙后，我发现她胖了。( put 一言辩 ) 2．我们将作进一步的讨论，然后再作出最终结论。 3．令他特别失望的是，在大选中他败得很惨。 4．我有一件急事要办。 5．在阳光下曝晒过长时间会伤害皮肤。 6．这种药治好了我的感冒。 7．他因事故受到了责备，但他把它归咎于别人。事实上，该为此承担责任的是他而不是别 人。 8．这车很容易操作，所以很受欢迎。 9．大家请注意，我宣布一件事。 10．许多人给这个可怜的小男孩捐钱，这使他重新回到了校园，一位作家写了一篇关于此事 的文章并把它投到了报社。
1. After all things had been discussed,the meeting was________ with the applause. A. completed B. composed C. constructed D. concluded 2. -What do you think of Miss Evens' works? -They have ________ our understanding of these difficult subjects. A. contributed to B. attended to C. devoted to D. looked forward to 3. The supermarket ________ all spotted apples every evening. A. refused B. rejected C. denied D. handled 4. ________ some pennies,there are only several pounds left in my pocket. A. In addition B. Apart form C. Instead of D. Rather than 5. Tom failed in the examination because he wasted a lot of time surfing the Internet and only then________ that nothing was more valuable than time. A. he realized B. he had realized C. had he realized D. did he realize 6. Mr. Johnson is my best friend,whose________ I like best in him is his cheerfulness. A. habit B. manner C. characteristic D. custom 7. Yao Ming, the Houston Rockets' All Star center,was once________ a stress fracture(骨折)in his left foot that nearly ended his NBA season. A. diagnosed with B. treated with C. cured of D. discovered with 8. -The lights were left on all night long. -Yes. It seemed that John ________ . He was the last to leave. A. was to be blamed B. was to blame C. had been blamed D. should be blamed 9.I thought the plan he ________ at the meeting________ . A. put on; makes no sense B. put forward;made no sense C. put off; didn't make any sense D. put forward; doesn't make any sense 10. I'm very________ about expressing my opinions in public in case I may make mistakes. A. cautious B. confused C. delighted D. enthusiastic 11. -Come on. Please give me some ideas about the project. -Sorry. With so much work________ my mind, I almost break down. A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. being filled 12.I know it is ________ to find a well-paid job in the present global financial crisis 9 but I'll try my best. A. encouraging B. challenging C. respecting D. disappointing 13.I always have so many things to _______ when I come back to the company after a trip abroad. A. add to B. come to C. attend to D. used to 14. The man________ of shooting 6 school children was caught by Beijing police,the XINHUA News Agency reported on Friday. A. being suspected B. suspecting C. suspected D. to be suspected 15.I think it is almost a crime to________ children to violence and sex on TV. A. show B. disclose C. uncover D. expose Ⅱ．完形填空 "Mom," came the frantic call from my teenage daughter's bedroom, "Come here quick!" I opened one eye, _16_ tired from the last-minute details of Christmas Eve, and was on my _17_ just as Jennifer cried out again. Waves of dizziness struck me, almost _18_ me back into bed. What was going on?
I _19__ to make it to my daughter and saw her sitting up, pale-faced and holding her _20_ . She looked like I felt. "What's the matter, Jennifer?" I asked. "Mom, I've got the stomach flu, _21__ it's Christmas!" "Well, I don't feel so _22__ myself." And, with that, I ran to the bathroom. By now, my husband was up preparing breakfast. He assumed our noisy hoopla was the __23_ of Christmas morning. Popping his head into the bathroom he said, "Bacon and eggs are OK _24_ you're ready." A __25_ look and he discovered his embarrassing mistake and slipped _26_ back. Our _27_ two children went to church with him while Jennifer came and got in our king-size _28__with me. We spent the day talking, sucking ice chips and _29__. When we were awake, we __30__ about boys, life at her new high school and friends she __31_ when she had changed schools midyear. We became closer that day than we had been in a long time. Many years have passed, and my daughter is grown with a _32__ and two children of her own. Yet not a _33_ goes by that one of us doesn't say, "Remember the Christmas when??" We both laugh, _34__ we received a gift that year better than any we found under _35_. 16.A.already B.still C.never D.hardly 17.A.leg B.position C.feet D.health 18.A.knocking B.drawing C.lifting D.leaving 19.A.managed B.tried C．struggled D.wanted 20.A.shoulders B.legs C.arms D.stomach 21.A.but B.though C.since D.and 22.A.terrible B.great C.excited D.happy 23.A.sensitivity B.joy C.excitement D.worry 24.A.when B.if C.before D.then 25.A.nearer B.closer C.faster D.longer 26.A.secretly B.quietly C.hurriedly D.angrily 27.A.different B.own C.other D.every 28.A.car B.kitchen C.chair D.bed 29.A.sleeping B.dreaming C.chatting D.cooking 30.A.watched B.talked C.heard D.quarreled 31.A.remembered B.seen C.studied D.made 32.A.friend B.doctor C.husband D.lawyer 33.A.Christmas B.day C.time D.hour 34.A.thinking B.wondering C.believing D.regretting 35.A.water B.house C.name D.tree Ⅲ．阅读理解 Kids will often ignore your requests for them to shut off the TV,start their chores(杂事),or do their homework as a way to avoid following your directions. Before you know it,you've started to sound like a broken record as you repeatedly ask them to do their assignments, clean their room,or take out the trash. Rather than saying "Do your chores now. ", you'll be more effective if you set a target time for when the chores have to be completed. So instead of arguing about starting chores,just say, “If chores aren't done by 4 pm,here are the consequences. " Then it's up to your child to complete the chores. Put the ball back in their court. Don't argue or fight
with them,just say, "That's the way it's going to be. "It shouldn't be punitive(惩罚性的) as much as it should be persuasive. “If your chores aren't done by 4 pm,then no video game time until chores are done. And if finishing those chores runs into homework time, that's going to be your loss. "On the other hand,when dealing with homework,keep it very simple. Have a time when homework starts,and at that time,all electronics go off and do not go back on until you see that their homework is done. If your kids say they have no homework,then they should use that time to study or read. Either way,there should be a time set aside when the electronics are off. When a kid wears his iPod or headphones when you're trying to talk to him, make no bones about it; he is not ignoring you,he is disrespecting you. At that point, everything else should stop until he takes the earplugs out of his ears. Don't try to communicate with him when he's wearing headphones — even if he tells you he can hear you. Wearing them while you're talking to him is a sign of disrespect. Parents should be very tough about this kind of thing. Remember, mutual respect becomes more important as children mature. 36. According to the passage,it seldom happens that . A. kids turn a deaf ear to their parents' requests B. parents' directions sound like a broken record C. children are ready to follow their parents' directions D. parents. are unaware of what they are repeating to their kids 37. Parents will be able to deal with their children more effectively if they . A. avoid direct ways of punishment B. make them do things at their request C. argue and fight with their children D. allow their children to behave in their own way 38. When the kid is doing his homework,parents A. should provide him with a good learning environment B. can do whatever they like C. can stay aside watching TV D. must switch off the power 39.It can be inferred from the passage that _ . A. parents should take off his headphones when trying to have a talk with their child. B. it will make no difference that a kid is wearing his earplugs while talking to his parents C. parents shouldn't give in to their kid when he shows no sign of respect D. kids' purposely talking to their parents with iPod gives them a sense of power and control 40. The main idea of the passage is . A. that respecting each other is more important than anything else B. how kids behave to ignore and disrespect their parents C. that children should make choices and decisions on their own D. how parents can deal with their kids' behavior effectively
Flying over a desert area in an airplane, two scientists looked down with trained eyes at trees and bushes. After an hour's flight one of the scientists wrote in his book,"Look here for probable metal. "Scientists in another airplane, flying over a mountain area,sent a message to other scientists on the ground, "Gold possible. "Walking across hilly ground,four scientists reported,
"This ground should be searched for metals. "From an airplane over a hilly wasteland a scientist sent back by radio one word : " Uranium. None of the scientists had X--ray eves:they had no magic powers of looking down below the earth's surface. They were merely putting to use one of the newest methods of locating minerals in the ground... using trees and plants as signs that certain minerals may lie beneath the ground on which the tress and plants are growing. This newest method of searching for minerals is based on the fact that minerals deep in the earth may affect the kind of bushes and trees. that grow on the surface. At Watson Bar Greek,a brook(小溪)six thousand feet high in the mountains of British Columbia,Canada,a mineral search group gathered bags of tree seeds. Boxes were filled with small branches from the trees. Roots were dug and put into boxes. Each bag and box was carefully marked. In a scientific laboratory the parts of the forest trees were burned to ashes and tested. Each small part was examined to learn if there were minerals in it. Study of the roots,branches and seeds showed no silver. But there were small amounts of gold in the roots and a little less gold in the branches and the seeds. The seeds growing nearest to the tree trunk had more gold than those growing on the ends of the branches. 41. Scientists were flying over a desert of a hilly wasteland or a mountain area in order to search for________, in the ground. A. gold B. silver C. metals D. minerals 42. The study of trees,branches and roots shows that ________ . A. there were larger amounts of gold in the branches than in the seeds B. there were smaller amounts of gold in the roots than in the branches C. there were less amounts of gold in the seeds growing on the ends of branches than seeds growing nearest to the tree trunk D. There was as much gold in the seeds as in the roots 43. Which is the best title suggested below? A. Scientists Searching for Metals with Special Power B. New Methods of Searching for Minerals C. Gold Could Be Found by Trees and Plants D. A New Method of Searching for Minerals-Using Trees and Plants 44.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as part of a tree that can help find minerals? A. Leaves. B. Roots. C. Branches. D. Seeds. Ⅳ．阅读表达 Modern inventions have speeded up people's lives amazingly. Motor cars cover a hundred miles in little more than an hour, aircraft cross the world inside a day,while computers operate at lightning speed. Indeed,this love of speed seems never ending. Every year motor cars are produced which go even faster and each new computer boasts (吹嘘)of saving precious seconds in handling tasks. All this saves time,but at a price. When we lose or gain half a day in speeding across the world in an airplane,our bodies tell us so. We get the uncomfortable feeling known as jet lag; our bodies feel that they have been left behind in another time zone. Again,spending too long at computers results in painful wrists and fingers. Mobile phones also______________ ,according to some scientists;too much use may put harmful radiation into our brains,a consequence we do not like to think about.
However,what do we do with the time we have saved? Certainly not relax, or so it seems. We are so accustomed to constant activity that we find it difficult to sit and do nothing or even just one thing at a time. Perhaps the days are long gone when we might listen quietly to a story on the radio,letting imagination take us into another world. There was a time when some people's lives were devoted simply to the cultivation (耕耘)of the land or the care of cattle. No multi-tasking there; their lives went on at a much gentler pace, and in a familiar pattern. There is much that we might envy about a way of life like this. Yet before we do so, we must think of the hard tasks our ancestors faced; they farmed with bare hands, often lived close to hunger,and had to make tools from wood and stone. Modern machinery has freed people from that primitive existence. 45. What's the passage mainly about? (within 10 words) 46. List the difficulties our ancestors met according to the text. (within 15 words) ① ② ③ 47. Fill in the blank in the 2nd paragraph with proper words or phrases. 48. Why do we make new products more and more time-saving according to Paragraph l of this passage?
49. Translate the underlined sentence in the 3rd paragraph into Chinese.
The United Kingdom
一、攻克词汇 I．重点词汇 1．矛盾，冲突________ 2．信任，学分；荣誉，信贷________ 3．省；行政区________ 4．澄清；阐明 v.___________ 5．组成，在于，一致 v ________ 6．完成，到达，实现 v. ________ 7．错误，过失，谬误 n．________ 8．便利；方便 n__________ 9．吸引；引起注意 v．________
10．珍藏品，收集 n．________ 11．筹备，安排，整理 v．________ 12．影响；改变 n．&v ________ 13．折叠，对折 v ________ 14．全国性的；全国范围的 adj ________ 15．快乐，高兴，喜悦 v．&n．________ 16．争吵，争论 v．&n．________ 17．使激动，使胆战心惊 v ________ 18．分开；分离 v.________
19．乡下；农村________ 20．粗略的；粗糙的________ Ⅱ．词不离句（从重点词汇中选出 10 个合适的词并用适当形式完成句子） 1. There was a________ (矛盾)between the accounts of the witnesses. 2. He wanted to________ this problem to the public. 3. The________ of transportation in this area brings hope to this mountain village. 4. She has made progress and already has two successful novels to her________ . 5. The film Hero has much________ for the youth. 6. I was________ that you could stay and chat with me when I felt lonely. 7.They had no time to_______ their own wedding, so they had it organized by a wedding company. 8. A lazy man would never________ anything. 9. The bad________ of the flood is that no people dared to swim in that river. 10. She was________ by so many wonderful treasures displayed in the museum. 二、积累短语 I．短语集锦 1．consist of_______________ _ 8．谈到，说到，参考____________ 2. divide..into______________ 9．把??列出清单___________ 3. break away(from)____________ 10．在特殊场合_____________ 4．to one's credit_____________ __ 11．对??感到骄傲________ 5. leave out _____________ _ 12. in memory of________ 6．代替______________ _ 13．对??有影响________ 14. be joined to ________ 7． （机器）损坏； （精神、身体）垮掉；谈 判等失败________ 15．入睡________ Ⅱ．用上述短语的适当形式填空 1. This word is wrongly spelt. You have________ ________ a letter. 2. The professor has suddenly fallen ill. Who can________ ________ ________ him to give the lecture? 3. The museum was built________ ________ ________ the great writer—Lu Xun. 4. My teacher________ ________ ________ me. Without his instruction, I doubt if I could be so successful. 5. He never ________ ________ his sister in his letters. 6.We________ all the members into three groups to search for the lost boy. 7. Actually,it is very difficult for us to________ ________ ________ a bad habit. 8. The island________ ________ ________ the mainland with a long bridge. 9. Please come________ ________ ________ ; we are always free at the weekend. 10. She________ ________when she heard her husband had been killed in the accident. 三、完美句子（根据课文内容补全句子） 1．如今只要有人提到英格兰，你就会发现威尔士也包括在内。 Now when people refer to England,you________Wales________as well． 2．很遗憾，这些建于十九世纪的工业城市不能吸引游客们。 _________ _______ _______that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. 3．刚建成的时候，它看起来金碧辉煌。
It looked splendid________ ________ ________! 4．奇怪的是，这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过，并且在那里去世。 _______ _________ ________ ________the man who had developed communism__________ ______ lived and died in London． 5．联合王国由几个国家组成？ How many countries does the UK________ ________?
拓展联系 · 丰富底蕴
Section One:词汇 1．consist vi． ▲【观察·思考】 (1) How many countries does the UK________ ________?(P9) 英国由几个国家组成？ (2)The English test________ ________／________ _________ _______ ________two parts,the written exam and the oral exam. 这个英语测试包括笔试和口试两部分。 ※(3) What we say should________ ________/________ ________ _________ _______(与...... 一致)what we do. 【归纳总结】 (l)consist of 由??组成/构成， （无进行时，无被动） ，相当于 be made up of 或 be composed of (2)consist with 符合，一致(=agree with) (3) consistent ad．一致的 (4)be consistent with 与??一致 ▲【再练练】 (1) The year's team, coached by Jeff Jackson, ________ entirely of college players. A. consisting B.consisted C. was consisted D. to consist (2)In many American universities, the total work for a degree ________thirty-six courses, each________ for one semester. A. is consisted of; lasts B.consists of; lasting C. is made up of; lasts D.make up of; lasting (3) (2010.山东充州模拟)It's said that the team________twelve top European players. A. consists of B.is consisted of C. are made up of D.make up of ※(4)The report does not________ ________the fact. 那报导与事实不合。 ※(5) These results are ________ ________ the findings of the previous study. 这些结果与以前的结果是一致的。 2．divide 与 separate ▲【观察·思考】 (l)As we all know,a year________ _________ _______ four seasons．众所周知，一年分四季。 (2) Let's________these students________ small groups for oral practice. 让我们把这些学生分成小组做口语练习。 (3)十二除以四等于三。 12________ ________4 equals 3．
(4)英国与法国被英吉利海峡隔开。 England_________ ________ _______France by the English Channel. (5)As we joined the big crowd, I got________my friends. 当我们加入人群，我和朋友就被分开了。 (6)We can't work together any more; I think it’s time we went our__________ways. A. own B．different C．separate D. proper (7) Those problems are different in fact, so they should be dealt with_________． A. totally B．specially C. separately D. particularly 【归纳总结】 (1)辨析 divide into, separate from
(2) separate adj．分开的；各自的 adv. separately 各自地; 分别地 ▲【再练练】 (1) When we________ after a long talk 9 we found the children sleeping in ________ beds. A. separated ; separate B. separated ; separated C. separate; separate D. separate ; separated (2)The box is ________ three separate parts,each of which contains various dried flowers. A. divided into B. separated from C. broken in D. cut down (3)Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors completed a 20-hour operation to have ________ one-year-old twins at the head. A. isolated B. separated C. divided D. removed (4) It seems difficult to________ “ hurt”from “injure”in meaning. A. judge B. tell C. divide D. separate 3. break away from 参 Unit 5 BIII 4. credit n ▲【观察·思考】 (1)体会并写出 credit 的不同含义： ①(2012． 山东)It doesn't matter whether you pay by cash or ________ card in this store． （信用） ②You deserve________ for making him change his mind.（称赞） ③He earned enough________ for his degree.（学分） ④The bank refused any further________ to the company. （信贷；贷款） (2)体会 to one's credit 的不同含义：
①________ ________ ________ the four countries do work together in some areas, but they still have very different institutions． （课本） 值得赞扬的是，这四个国家的确在一些方面共同合作，但是 有些制度仍然区别很大。 ②It is greatly________ ________ ________ that Arthur gave back the money he found. 亚瑟拾金不昧是非常值得赞扬的。 ③He's only 30,and he already________ four novels to his________ . 他年仅 30 岁，却已著有四部小说。 （完成、取得??在??名下） 【归纳总结】 ▲ (l)credit n．①信用／任②赞扬③学分④信贷 ▲ (2) to one's credit①值得赞扬②为??．带来荣誉 (3)have sth. to one's credit 完成、取得 引申→：在??名下 ▲ (4)on credit 赊购，赊帐 ▲ (5)credit card 信用卡 ※( 6) do sb. credit/do credit to sb．为（某人）增光，使值得赞扬 5．attract vt.参 Unit 5 BⅣ 6. leave out ▲【观察·思考】 (1)体会 leave out 含义： ①You've left out a zero in this telephone number.(________________ ) ②The publisher asked the writer to leave out the first chapter.(________________ ) ③Whenever you say something, never leave out the others' feelings.(_______________ ) (2)Why don't you just mind your own business and________ ________ ________ （别管我）? (3)I will fake up the story where I________ ________ （停止，中断）yesterday. (4)I realized I'd________ my umbrella________ on the train. 我意识到把雨伞落在火车上了。 (5)We are________ ________ Canada next week. 下星期我们要去加拿大。 【归纳总结】 (l)leave out①遗漏②删掉③不考虑 (2) leave alone 不要打扰，不要碰；别惹，别管 (3)leave off 停止，中断 (4)leave behind 遗留，留下；把??抛在脑后?? (5)leave for 动身去某处 (6)ask for leave 请（病、事假） ▲【再练练】 (1) The teacher stressed again that the students should not________ any important details while retelling the story. A. bring out B. let out C. leave out D. make out (2)-Are you going to have a holiday this year? -I'd love to. I can't wait to leave this place________. A. off B. out C. behind D. over (3) ________ that________ ;you might break it. A. Leave; off B. Leave ; out
C. Leave; alone D. Leave; over (4) He doesn't have enough money for food, ________ amusements. A. let alone B. leave alone C. not speaking D. leave off (5)All the others seemed to know each other and I began to feel________ . A. given away B. fallen behind C. turned down D. left out (6)-If you don't bring a birthday present to Lucy,you may________ . -Thank you for reminding me. Surely I'll buy her one this evening. A. leave her alone B. let her down C. hold her back D. cheer her up 7. take the place of 参 Unit l BⅢ 8．break down 参 Unit 5 BⅡ 9．arrange vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)We have________ (________ )________ ________ to celebrate his birthday． 我们准备了一个晚会来庆祝他的生日。 (2)Have you________ ________ ________ your customer this week? 你安排好了这周与顾客会面吗？ (3)I've________ ________ a teacher to help your son with his English． 我已安排了一位老师帮助你儿子学英语。 (4)The local newspaper________ ________ ________ an interview with Professor Stein. 当地报纸安排对斯坦教授进行专访。 【归纳总结】 (1) arrange( for) sth．安排、筹划某事 (2)arrange to do sth．安排做某事 (3)arrange for sb. to do sth．安排某人做某事 (类似用法：agree with sb. to do sth.; demand of sb. to do sth.) (4)make arrangements for sth．为??做安排 ▲【再练练】 (1)▲【一言辨】Now everything for the conference to be held tomorrow________ ________ ________ （已准备就绪） have________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ．I （安排 Tom 开车去接）the experts at the airport. I'm to________ ________ ________ （安排接 见）Mr. Wang after that. (2) (2010． 湖北八校)Her teacher made a special________ to discuss her progress at school once a month. A. collection B.attraction C. arrangement D. conclusion 10．delight n．&vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (1) He________ ________ ________ fault with others. 他喜欢挑剔别人的毛病。 (2)The boy________ ________ ________ helping others. 这个男孩以帮助他人为乐。 (3) ________ ________ _________ _______ ______ _______, he has made a full recovery. 令他父母高兴的是他已完全糜复了。 (4)I am________ ________ have been invited to your school to talk to you about the history and significance of the Olympic Games.
我很高兴应邀前来贵校，跟大家讲述有关奥运会的历史及其意义。 (5)I'm very much________ ________ the results. 我对这个结果十分满意。 【归纳总结】 (1) delight in( doing) sth．以某事为乐（尤指不该做的事） (2) take ( great) delight in 以??为乐 (3) to one's delight=>to the delight of sb．使某人高兴的是 (4) delighted adj.高兴的，快乐的 be delighted with sth．对??满意 be delighted to do sth./that 为??而高兴 (5)delightful ad，令人高兴／满意的 ▲【再练练】 (1) He seemed to________ /________ ________ ________ ________ ________ embarrassing me．他似乎以让我难堪为乐。 (2)He________ ________ to hear that his youngest son got admission to Peking University. 听说他的小儿子被北京大学录取了，他很高兴。 (3)_____ ______ ______, they eventually got what they had been looking forward to. 令他们高兴的是，他们最终梦想成真。 (4)Do you know that painting is what he ________ in his spare time? A. plays a joke on B. takes great delight C. takes great delight in D. makes fun of Section Two:句型 11. remain vi. &link-v. ▲【观察·思考】 (1)vi.:still be present after the other parts have been removed,used,etc: 剩余，遗留 e.g.①Very little of the house ________ after the fire. 火灾之后，这座房子所剩无几。 ②As far as I know, much work________ ________ ________ ________ ．据我所知，还有很多 工作要做。 (2)link-v.:continue unchanged in a particular state or condition. 保持不变，依然(was and still is) e.g.①After that,what happened to the Amber Room________ ________ ________ . 自从那以后，琥珀屋发生了什么事情仍然是个谜。 ②Ladies and gentleman, please remain________ (seat) until the plane has come to a complete stop. (3)两个句型： ① ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ whether you are right. 你说得对不对还有待于进一步证实。 2. ________ ________ a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. 关于那个工程的实用价值，人们还是心存疑虑。 (4)①The________ （残余）of the supper were/was taken away．晚餐吃剩的东西被收去了。 ②His________ （遗体）were buried at the foot of the hill. (5)The mother said that she would buy a gift for her daughter with the________ ．
A. 20 dollars remained B.20 dollars to remain C. remained 20 dollars D.remaining 20 dollars 【归纳总结】 (1) remain 可用作系动 词，意为“保持，仍是，仍然处于（某种状态） "时，后面跟 adj．/adv．/n．/doing/done； (2) remain 为 不 及 物 动 词 ， 不 能 用 于 被 动 语 态 。 意 为 “ 留 下 ， 逗 留 ， 剩 下 ， 余 留 ” sth．remains/remained to be done 意为“某事有待去做” (3) remaln 还经常用于 there be 句型中，代替‘ ‘be"动词 (4) remaining adj．剩余的，作前置定语，left 表“剩余的”之意时，作后置定语。 (5)remains n，剩余物；残留物；遗体 ▲【再练练】 (1) (2010 . 福建) In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A. sticking B. stuck C. to be stuck D. to have stuck . (2)The little girl who got lost decided to remain________ she was and wait for her mother. A. where B. what C. how D. who (3)(2012 .浙江) No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it’s better________ silent. A. remain B. be remaining C. having remained D. to remain (4)It was already past midnight and only three young men ________ in the tea house. A. left B. remained C. delayed D. deserted (5)(2010 .重庆)The palace caught fire three times in the last century,and little of the original building ________ now. A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained (6) Our computer________ all the records of births and deaths in Britain since 1950. A. sets B. remains C. stands D. holds 12．全部倒装 ▲【观察·思考】 (1)________ ________ St. Paul's Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.（课本） 接着（参观的）是圣保罗大教堂，它是公元 1666 年伦敦大火之后修建的。 (2)Once upon a time________ ________ an old monk in the temple. (3) ________ ________ your turn to recite. (4) The door opened and ________ ________ our English teacher. （进来) (5)What a naughty boy! Down________ ________ from the desk! （跳下来) (6)On the wall________ nothing but some old pictures. (悬挂着） (7)On both sides of the street________ a lot of tall buildings. 【归纳总结】 全部倒装常见结构： (1) There+谓语（come, stand, live, remaln, live, exist, follow 等）+主语 (2)方位副词（here,out,in,up,down,away,off 等）位句首十谓语十主语（主语须是名词，不可 用代词） (3)地点状语（副词、介词短语等）位句首十谓语十主语 ▲【注】这类倒装句型一般只用一般现在时和一般过去时。 ▲【再练练】
(1)(2010 .重庆)At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River ________ , one of the largest cities in China. A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie (2)(2010 .陕西)John opened the door. There________ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl (3)(2010 .江苏)-Is everyone here? -Not yet. . . Look,there ________ the rest of our guests! A. come B.comes C. is coming D. are coming (4)Hearing the dog barking fiercely,away________ . A. fleeing the thief B. was fleeing the thief C. the thief was fleeing D. fled the thief (5)For a moment nothing happened. Then________ all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 13． “从属连词十分词”等 ▲【观察·思考】 (l)lt looked splendid________ ________ ________ ! (P14) =>It looked splendid________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ！刚建成时，它看起来 真是金碧辉煌！ (2)________ ________ /________ , the work must be done well.（一旦开始） (3) You must be careful when ________ ________ ________ （过马路时） /;_____ _____ ______ _____ _____. (4)________ ________ the dog（遛狗时） ，you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car． （课本原句） (5) He looked everywhere________ ________ ________ /________ ________ ________ ． 好像 （ 在找东西） (6) He opened his mouth________ ________ ________ ________ ． （好像要说话） (7)_________ in trouble,ask him for help. 遇到困难时可向他求助。 (8)从属连词十形容词（短语） ___________________________, her parents managed to send her to university． 虽然穷，她父母还是设法送她去上大学。 (9)__________________ , I'll go to see my grandparents this weekend． 如果可能的话，这周末我去看我的祖父母。 【归纳总结】 (1)从属连词十分词／不定式／介词短语／形容词等可看作状语从句的省略，但省略须符合 以下两个条件： ①主从句主语一致或从句主语是 it。 ②从句的谓语是或谓语中含有 be。 (2)常见的省略形式还有；if possible，if necessary，if any，if ever，if not，if so 等。 ▲【再练练】 (1)(2011 . 潍坊二轮)-Did John keep his promise? -Seldom,_________.
A. if never B. if ever C. if any D. if so (2)They say that the H1Nl virus can be killed when_________above 71℃ . (加热) (3)(2011 .江苏)It sounds like something is wrong with the car's engine_________, we'd better take it to the garage immediately. A. Otherwise B. If not C. But for that D. If so (4)The girl seldom speaks until_________. A. spoken to B. she was spoken to C. is spoken D. speaking to (5)-Are there any dictionaries of this kind left? -There are only a few,_________. A. if any B. if some C. if so D. if ever (6)We all know that,_________,the situation will get worse. A. not if dealt carefully with B. if not carefully dealt with C. if dealt not carefully with D. not if carefully dealt with (7)(2010 .全国)Though_________ to see us,the professor gave us a warm welcome. A. surprise B. was surprised C. surprised D. being surprised (8)(2012 . 9r 课标全国) Film has a much shorter history,especially when_________such art forms as music and painting. A. having compared to B. comparing to C. compare to D. compared to (9)(2010 . 浙江)The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise,if _________regularly,can improve our health. A. being carried out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out (10)(2012.安徽)When_________for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked (11) Generally speaking, _________according to the directions,the drug has no side effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken Section Three:今日脱口，迎战高考 1．这个英语测试包括笔试和口试两部分。 2．众所周知，一年分四季。 3．他年仅 30 岁，却已著有四部小说。 4．老师再次强调，在复述故事时，学生们不应遗漏任何重要的细节。 5．我已安排了一位老师帮助你儿子学英语。 ________ 6．这个男孩以帮助他人为乐。
_________ 7．你说的对不对还有待于进一步证实。 8．现在该你背诵了! 9．公路两旁长着许多大树。 10．当面对危险时，我们务必保持冷静。 （When+分词）
I．单项填空 l.The criminal__________ from the two policemen who were holding him and ran away. A.broke off B.broke away C.broke up D.broke down 2.When he got off the crowded bus,he found his pocket_________ .and the disk in it with the important documents gone. A.picked B.stolen C.missing D.lost 3.-I think you have too much luggage,don't you? -Yes.But it's not easy to decide what to _________behind. A.take B.turn C.keep D.leave 4.In the dream Peter saw himself__________by a fierce dog, and he woke suddenly with a start. A.chased B.to be chased C.be chased D.having been chased 5.We all know that,_________,the situation will get worse. A.if not dealt carefully with B.if not carefully dealt with C.not if dealt carefully with D.not if carefully dealt with 6._________in the fields on a March afternoon,he could feel the warmth of spring. A.To walk B.Walking C.Walked D.Having walked 7.News reports say peace talks between the two countries_________with no agreement reached. A.have broken down B.have broke out C.have broken in D.have broken up 8.In space,his companion helped him fix a line around him that would keep him _________away from the spaceship. A.floating B.from floating C.to float D.floated 9.If _________for most of us,the meeting will be arranged next Monday evening. A.reasonable B.comfortable C.convenient D.available 10.None of the secretaries were _________when the manager wanted to send an urgent message. A.acceptable B.available C.affordable D.enjoyable 11.He has recovered_________ of his friend. A.to their much delight B.to the much delight C.to much the delight D.much to the delight 12.-I hear that you will__________be on travel again. -Yeah. My boss for me to discuss business details with someone from another company. A.as.ked B.arranged C.sent D.called 13.She _________an‘m’in“accommodation”.
A.left behind B.left aside C.left off D.left out 14.I've been told that the medical team, _________five doctors and ten nurses,sent to the flood-stricken area. A.consisted of; are to be B.is consisted of;will be C.consisting of; is to be D.consists of;will be 15.--Did you punish him for that? -Yes,but I don't think I_________. A.should have done so B.need to have done so C.should do that D.ought have done that Ⅱ.完形填空 A man hired a taxi outside the airfield. The cab had a woolen carpet with 16 lace edges. On the glass partition that 17 the driver's seat was a copy of a famous painting. Its windows were all clean. The customer was very much 18 and said to the driver,661've never seen a nicer 19 ."Thank you for your praise. "the driver answered 20 . “The car isn’t mine,” said the driver. "It belongs to the company. I used to be a 21 of cabs. When they returned, all of them were as 22 as garbage cans with cigarette butts and rubbish 23 here and there. One the seats and door-handles could be found something 24 like peanut sauce or, chewing gum. Why so? I thought if the car itself were very clean the passengers would most 25 be considerate and refrain from littering. " "So when I got a 26 to be a taxi driver, I began 27 my idea into practice - to tidy and 28 the car. Now before a new passenger gets on my car, I'd make a check and be sure it is in good order. When my car 29 after a day's work,it always remains 30 ." When doing a thing, one makes efforts and wants to see the result. To change others,one has to make twice the 31 but get half the result. To change oneself is the other way round more fruit with less effort. One had better ask oneself why one makes 32 on others much more than on oneself. 33 you take enough care to do as best you can for other people's sake, your efforts will yield results. If you 34 the inner world of your own,examine yourself and wipe out the dust and dirt, instead of fixing your eyes on other people,you will find a cheerful 35 for yourself and create a pleasant environment for others. 16. A.ugly B.exciting C.brilliant D.favorite 17.A.separated B.covered C.protected D.prevented 18.A.moved B.annoyed C.disappointed D.surprised 19.A.seat B.carpet C.garage D.cab 20.A.naturally B.smilingly C.hopefully D.firmly 21.A.driver B.cleaner C.repairer D.customer 22.A.attractive B.pleasant C.dirty D.clean 23.A.spread B.extended C:dotted D.left 24.A.funny B.busy C.sticky D.clumsy 25.A.likely B.willingly C.extremely D.regularly 26.A.permit B.license C.certificate D.passport 2 7.A.put B.take C.make D.get 28.A.provide B.drive C.decorate D.describe
29.A.speeds 30.A.spotless 31.A.progress 32.A.suggestions 33.A.Though 34.A.look into 35.A.spirit Ⅲ．阅读理解
B.leaves B.pretty B.effort B.comments B.While B.look for B.mood
C.arrives C.bright C.attempt C.demands C.As C.look up C.mind
D.returns D.dirty D.trial D.decisions D.If D.look through D.sense
A When I was six9dad brought home a dog one day,who was called "Brownie". My brothers and I all loved Brownie and did different things with her. One of us would walk her,another would feed her,then there were baths,playing catch and many other games. Brownie,in return,loved each and every one of us. One thing that most touched my heart was that she would go to whoever was sick and just be with them. We always felt better when she was around. One day,as I was getting her food,she chewed up(咬破) one of dad's shoes,which had to be thrown away in the end. I knew dad would be mad and I had to let her know what she did was wrong. When I looked at her and said,“Bad girl,”she looked down at the ground and then went and hid. I saw a tear in her eyes. Brownie turned out to be more than just our family pet. She went everywhere with us. People would stop and ask if they could pet her. Of course she'd let anyone pet her. She was just the most lovable dog. There were many times when we'd be out walking and a small child would come over and pull on her hair. She never barked (吠)or tried to get away. Funny thing is she would smile. This frightened people because they thought she was showing her teeth. Far from the truth,she loved everyone. Now many years have passed since Brownie died of old age. I still miss the days when she was with us. 36. What would Brownie do when someone was ill in the family? A. Look at them sadly. B. Keep them company. C. Play games with them. D. Touch them gently. 37. We can infer from Paragraph 2 that Brownie____________. A. would eat anything when hungry B. felt sorry for her mistake C. loved playing hide-and-seek D. disliked the author-s dad 38. Why does the author say that Brownie was more than just a family pet? A. She was treated as a member of the family. B. She played games with anyone she liked. C. She was loved by everybody she met. D. She went everywhere with the family. 39. Some people got frightened by Brownie when she . A. smiled B. barked C. rushed to them D. tried to be funny 40. Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy. B. Polite. C. Brave. D. Caring. B In the fall of 1985,I was a bright-eyed girl heading off to Howard University, aiming at a legal career and dreaming of sitting on a Supreme Court bench somewhere. Twenty years later I am still a bright-eyed dreamer and one with quite a different tale to tell.
My grandma,an amazing woman,graduated from college at the age of 65. She was the first in our family to reach that goal. But one after I started college,she developed cancer. I made the choice to withdraw from college to care for her. It meant that school and my personal dream would have to wait. Then I got married with another dream: building my family with a combination of adopted and biological children. In 1999, we adopted our first son. To lay eyes on him was fantastic and very emotional. A year later came our second adopted boy. Then followed son No. 3. in 2003,I gave birth to another boy. You can imagine how fully occupied I became,raising four boys under the age of 8! Our home was a complete zoo - a joyous zoo. Not surprising, I never did make it back to college full-time. But I never gave up on the dream either. I had only one choice:to find a way. That meant taking as few as one class each semester. The hardest part was feeling guilty about the time I spent away from the boys. They often wanted me to stay home with them. There certainly were times I wanted to quit,but I know I should set up an example for them to follow through the rest of their lives. In 2007,I graduated from the University of North Carolina. It took me over 21 years to get my college degree! I am not special,just single-minded. It always struck me that when you are looking at a big challenge from the outside it looks huge,but when you are in the midst of it9it just seems normal. Everything you want won't arrive in your life on one day. It’s a process. Remember:little steps add up to big dreams. 41. When the author went to Howard University,her dream was to be . A. a writer B. a teacher C. a judge D. a doctor 42. Why did t.he author quit school in her second year of college? A. She wanted to study by herself. B. She fell in love and got married. C. She suffered from a serious illness. D. She decided to look after her grandma. 43. What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4 and 5? A. She was busy yet happy with her family life. B. She ignored her guilty feeling for her sons. C. She wanted to remain a full-time housewife. D. She was too confused to make a correct choice. 44. What does the author mostly want to tell us in the last paragraph? A. Failure is the mother of success. B. Little by little,one goes far. C. Every coin has two sides. D. Well begun, half done. 45. Which of the following can best describe the author? A. Caring and determined. B. Honest and responsible. C. Ambitious and sensitive. D. Innocent and single-minded. Ⅳ．写作 假设你是李华，你的澳大利亚的外教 Edwin 因父母遭遇车祸回国已经一个多星期了。请你 用英文给他写一份 email，主要内容包括： 1．询问他父母的伤势，表示关切； 2．介绍近期你的学习情况和班级活动； 3．你的祝愿和期盼。 注意： 1．词数 120～150； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
Unit 3 Life in the future 第一部分 透视双基·网络考点
一、攻克词汇 I．重点词汇 1．方面，层面____________ 11．印象，感想，印记 n．____________ 2．在前的，早先的____________ 12．时常发生的，连续不断的____________ 3．系牢，扎牢 v.____________ 13．指导，向导 v．&n.____________ 4． （使）闪光， （使）闪现____________ 14．周围的事物，环境____________ 5．乐观（主义）的____________ 15．容忍，忍受 v.____________ 6．生态，生态学____________ 16．缺乏，没有 v.&n____________ 7．原料，材料____________ 17．按、压、逼近 v.____________． 8．回收利用，再利用 v．____________ 18．开关，转换 n．&v.____________ 9．代表，典型人物____________ 19．瞬间，片刻 n.____________ 10．动机 n.____________ 20．定居，解决 n．____________ Ⅱ．词不离句（从重点词汇中选出 10 个合适的词并用适当形式完成句子） 1.The great scientist made a strong ____________on all of us by her humorous speech. 2.Tell the boy to ____________off all he lights as she leaves the room to save electricity. 3.The university students are fairly____________ about their future. 4.It's necessary for you to____________ your safety belt when driving. 5.If you ____________the button,a machine will cut the grass in the garden. 6.She caught his eyes for an____________. 7.The workers and the boss have reached a ____________over the new working conditions. 8.When I saw the cars crash on the road,a frightened feeling ____________across my mind. 9.The lake is ____________with trees so its ____________ area looks beautiful. And I'd like to bring up my children in such healthy____________. 10.Now there is a system where the waste is disposed of by using the principles of____________. 二、积累短语 I，短语集锦 1．take up ____________ 8．与??相似____________ 2．be back on one's feet____________ 9．向四面八方____________ 3.lose sight of____________ 10．带领某人参观____________ 4．sweep up ____________ 11． （突然）看见______________ 5．slide into ____________ 12. 使想起??； 提醒某人??___________ 13.lack of____________ 6.加速____________ 7.make/leave a good impression on 14．弯腰____________ sb.____________ 15.assist in____________ Ⅱ，用上述短语的适当形式填空 1.The girl was almost frightened to death when she _________ ________ _______a snake. 2.The story _________ me _________ my life in the countryside. 3._________ _________ _________ _________ _________ on others, she is dressed in her finest skirt.
4.What the doctor warned us is that the_________ _________ sleep may cause anger,poor memory and poor concentration. 5.Our classroom should be_________ _________ after class every day. 6.He _________ recently._________ _________ golf to provide himself with some relaxation. 7.In order to meet the demands, they had to _________ _________ production. 8.He _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ again after his operation. 9.We are looking for people who would be willing to_________ _________ the protection of the environment. 10.She_________ _________ and picked the pen up. 三、完美句子（根据课文内容补全句子） 1．一开始，新的环境让我难以忍受。 At first,my new surroundings_________ _________ _________ _________ . 2．空气很稀薄，好在混合的体中剩下的氧气很少。 The air seemed thin, _________ _________ its combination of gases had little oxygen left. 3．可是，当我们到达一个看上去像是大市场的地方时，由于太子朝四面八方飞奔，我看不 见王平了。 However, I _________ _________ _________ Wang Ping when we reached_________ _________ _________ a large market because of too many carriages _________ _________ in all directions. 4．说完这些，他把食物摆在桌子上，又从地板下取出一张床来。 _________ _________ this, he spread some food on the table, and produced a bed from the floor. 5．由于缺乏新鲜空气，我感到头疼。 Hit by _________ _________ _________ fresh air, my head ached.
Section One 词汇 1．impression 参 Unit 5 BⅢ 2．take up ▲【观察·思考】 (1)体会 take up 含义： ①I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year． （课本 P17） (________________ ) ②He took up the telephone receiver and began to dial.(_______________ ) ③She took up the story where Tim had left off.(________________ ) ④I'm sorry to have taken up so much of your precious time. (_______________ ) ⑤The table takes up too much room.(_______________ ) ⑥After he retired from office,Rogers took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest.(_______________ ) (2)I'll________ ________ nothing of what I said. 我不会收回我说的任何话的。 (3)That may be OK, but we must ________ everything________ ________ /________ . 这可能是不错的，但是我们必须全面考虑。
(4)Our class has_________ ________ （呈现）a new look since Mr.Li________ ________ ________ （负责）it． (5)①Don't be_______ _______ by products promising to make you lose weight quickly． （欺骗） ②There are too many facts to________ ________ all at once．事实太多，无法马上全部理解。 (6)选词填空(take it easy; take one's time) ①________ ________ ________ ，you are sure to succeed. ②________ ________ ________ , there's a lot of time left. ③（2010．河南模拟）-I'm feeling terrible, and I feel pain here and there. -Oh, ________ ________ ________ . Nothing serious. (7)Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts.The plane________ ． A.takes off B.is taking off C.has taken off D.took off (8)The country announced that they could ________ that area from then on. A.take after B．take up C．take in D．take over 【注】 take the place of 参 Unit l BIII take part in 参 Unit 2 B II 【归纳总结】 (l)take away 拿走，减去 (2)take back 收回（某人说的话） (3)take in①吸收；理解②欺骗 (4)take off①脱下②（飞机）起飞 (5)take on①呈现②开始具有（意义等） (6)take over 接管，继承 (7)take it easy①别紧张②别担心③别太劳累 (8)take one's time=don't hurry 慢慢来，别着急（时间方面） (9)take up①开始（学习或从事等）②继续③占去（时间或空间）④拿起⑤接受（挑战等） (10)take．．for．．把??（误）当作 ， ． (ll)take sth．seriously 认真对待某事 (12)take．．into account／consideration 把??考虑进去 ． (13)take it for granted 认为??理所当然 (14)take down 取下；写下(一 setlwrite down) ▲【再练练】 (l)We tried to find a table for seven, but they were all________ . A.given away B.kept away C.taken up D.used up (2)Our son doesn't know what to________ at the university; he can't make up his mind about his future. A.take in B.take up C.take over D.take after (3)(2010.江苏模拟)After graduation,he________ the challenge, which all his spare time. A.took up;took up B.took on;took on C:took in;took over D.took on;took in (4)He began to take political science________ only when he left school. A.strictly B.truly C.carefully D.seriously (5)After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane________ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A.set out B.took over C.took up D.set up
(6)(2012.重庆)-Kevin,you look worried. Anything wrong? -Well, I________ a test and I'm waiting for the result. A.will take B.took C.had taken D.take (7)We're trying to ring you back,Bryan,but we think we________ your number incorrectly. A.looked up B.took down C.worked out D.brought about (8)After he retired from office, Rogers________ painting for a while,but soon lost interest. A.took up B.saved up C.kept up D.drew up (9)(2011.陕西)Some insects ________ the color of their surroundings to protect themselves. A.take in B.take off C.take on D.take out (10)—I am afraid I can't return the book to you before Friday. —__________. A.Don't be afraid B.Be careful C.Not at all D.Take your time (11)People ________ hobbies which offer enjoyment, knowledge and relaxation. A.bring up B.set up C.pick up D.take up (12)(2010.北京模拟)It's worth downloading,because it's free and doesn’t ________ a lot of disk space. A.take up B.take off C.take over D.take in (13)(2011.天津)—Just a moment.I haven't finished packing my suitcase. —_______ . Its high time we left for the airport. A.Go ahead B.Take it easy C.Hurry up D.That's fine (14)-Is it OK if I take this seat? -Sorry,________ . A.here you are B.take it C.it’s taken D.never mind ▲【注】考查最多的是 take up，尤其是“从事”与“占据”之意。 3.lack v．&n． ▲【观察·思考】 (1)他缺乏对她说“不”的勇气。 ①He________ the courage to say“No”to her. ②He ________ ________ ________ courage, so he daredn't say “No”to her. →③He didn't dare.say “No”to her________ ________ ________ courage. (2)As he is very rich,he________ ________ nothing. 他很富有，什么都不缺。 (3)________ ________ ________ can affect learning and memory. 缺少睡眠可能会影响学习和记忆。 (4)________ ________ experience, he lost the job. =>________ experience, he lost the job. => ________ ________ experience made him lose the job. →He lost the job________ ________ ________ experience. 他因缺乏经验而失去这项工作。 【归纳总结】 (1) (vt．)lack sth． （无进行时，无被动语态） ：缺乏?? (2)（vi．) lack for sth． （多用于否定句中） ▲常见短语 lack for nothing“什么也不缺” (3) n．(a) lack of??方面的短缺 for lack of+n．因缺乏??
(4) be lacking in => be short of = be in need of 缺少 ▲【再练练】 (1)Though money, his parents managed to send him to university. A.lacked B.lacking of C.lack D.lacking (2)(2010.福建)More and more high-rise buildings have been built in big cities ________ space. A.in search of B.in place of C.for lack of D. for fear of (3)Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a.________ of exercise. A.limit B.lack C.need D.demand (4)Americans don't like using Mr., Mrs or Miss. So, if they don't use your last name or titles, that really doesn't mean any ________ . A.lack respect B.lacking respect C.lacking of respect D.lac.k of respect (5)I'm sorry.We're ________ that kind of trousers. Would you come back next week? A.short B.lacking C.in need D.short of 4.lose sight of 参 Unit 5 BⅢ 5．speed up ▲【观察·思考】 (l)We'll be late unless we________ ________ . 我们如果不加快些，就会迟到了。 (2)Plenty of fresh air and exercise will________ ________ his recovery. 充足的新鲜空气和体育锻炼将加速他的康复。 (3)The police car is running________ ________ ________ ________ 100 miles per hour to chase after the truck ahead of it．警车以每小时一百英里的速度追赶前面那辆卡车。 (4)Police are advising motorists to________ ________ . 警方劝告汽车驾驶员减速。 (5)Once outside the station,the train began to________ ________ ________ . 一出车站，火车就开始加速。 (1)speed v.→(sped-sped; speeded; speeded) (2)speed up vi 加速 vt.加速 (3)n．速度 ① at high/low/full/top speed 以高／低／全／最高速; at a speed of.．以......速度 ②with all speed 尽快地 ③reduce speed 减速 ④pick up speed 加速 ▲【再练练】 (1)他以每小时 60 英里的速度开车。 He drove ________ ________ ________ ________ 60 miles per hour. (2)If we want to arrive at the village on time, we'd better________ . A.sweep up B.speed up C.call up D.turn up (3)(2011.山东)They are broadening the bridge to________ the flow of traffic. A.put off B.speed up C.turn on D.work out 6．instant ad， ．&n． ▲【观察·思考】 (l)This patient needs ________ treatment. 这位病人需要马上接受治疗。
(2)It all happened________ ________ ________/________ . 这一切都发生在一刹那间。 (3)The national rescue team of China set out________ ________ /________ the earthquake happened.(一......就......) =>________ ________ the earthquake happened when / before the national rescue team of China set out. =>________ ________ ________ the earthquake happened the national rescue team of China set out. =>________ ________ ________ the earthquake happened the national rescue team of China set out. 【归纳总结】 (l)instant:ad．立即的；立刻的-adv.instantly instant noodles 即食面，方便面 (2)instant:n．瞬间；片刻 in an instant:立刻，马上 for an instant 一会 L (3)表“一．．． ．．．就．．．”方法： ．．． ①the instant / minute / second / moment（名词连词化） ②as soon as ③instantly / immediately / directly(副词连词化) ④hardly / scarcely...when/before... ⑥no sooner...than....． ▲【再练练】 (1) 【-言辨】 injured were in ________ need of help, so we should settle the problem________ . The The ________ we came up with a good suggestion, we got up and went out of the room. (2)Much to my surprise, she________ tears ________ she read the letter. A.burst out;instant B.burst into;.the instant C.burst out;instantly D.burst into;instant 7．settlement n．参 Unit l BI Section Two:句型 8．过去／现在分词作状语 ▲【观察·思考】 (1)Not________ (know) English, he couldn't understand the film.(表示原因） (2) ________ (turn) to the left, you'll see the post office.(表条件) (3) ① It snowed heavily last night, thus______ (cause) the traffic problems today． （表结果～自 然而然的结果） ②They lifted rocks only _____ (drop) them onto their own feet． （表结果一预想不到的不愉 快的结果） (4)When________ (offer) help, one often says“Thank you.”or“It's kind of you.”.(表时间) (5)Unless________ (invite), I won't attend his birthday party. (6)________ ________ (tell) many times, he still repeated the same mistake.(表让步) (7)Not________ ________ (make) full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week.(表原因) (8)(2010.福建)Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, ________ (send) (表伴随) supplies to Yushu, Qinghai Province after the earthquake. 【归纳总结】
(1)分词作状语的句法功能 分词或分词短语作状语时，可以表时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、行为方式、伴随状况等。 ▲-ing 分词作结果状语：自然而然的结果 to do 作结果状语：预想不到的不愉快的结果 (2)分词作状语的基本原则 分词作状语时， 分词的逻辑主语必须与句子的主语保持一致。 分词作状语必须和句中主语含 有逻辑上的主谓或动宾关系，否则一般不能使用分词作状语。 (3)分词作状语的做题思路： 分词作状语 先找: 逻辑主语（主句主语） 再分析关系 ①若主谓关系 现在分词=>若强调先于谓动词发生=>having (been) done ②若动宾关系 a)过去分词（多） （表被动、完成） b)being done(表被动且与谓语动词同时发生) c)having been done（表强调先于谓动词发生） ③若无关系一独立主格（参 Unit 5 BⅢ） ▲【再练练】 (1)(2010.A 海)________ the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. A.Approaching B.Approached C.To approach D.To be approached (2)(2010.安徽)He had a wonderful childhood,________ with his mother to all corners of the world. A.travel B.to travel C.traveled D.traveling (3)(2010.湖南)Dina, ________ for months to find a job as a waitress,finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A.struggling B.struggled C.having struggled D.to struggle (4)(2010.四川)The lawyer listened with full attention, ________ to miss any point. A.not trying B.trying not C.to try not D.not to try (5)(2010.陕西) ________ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees. A.Seen B.Seeing C.Having seen D.To see (6)(2010.北京) ________ at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. A.Looking B.Look C.To look D.Looked (7)(2011.全国 II)The island, ________ to the mainland by a bridge,is easy to go to. A.joining B.to join C.joined D.having joined (8)(2011.陕西)More highways have been built in China, ________ it much easier for people to travel form one place to another. A.making B.made C.to make D.having made (9)(2011.天津) ________ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. A.Translating B.Translated C.To translate D.Having translated (10)________ to reach them on the phone,we sent an email instead. A.Fail B.Failed C.To fail D.Having failed (11) ________ around the Water Cube,we were then taken to see the Bird's Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games. A.Having shown B.To be shown C.Having been shown D.To show
(12)Written in a hurry, ________ . A.Peter made many mistakes in the paper B.there are many mistakes in the paper C.we found some mistakes in the paper D.the paper is full of mistakes (13)(2012.山东)George returned after the war, only________ that his wife had left him. A.to be told B.telling C.being told D.told (14)(2012.四川)Tom took a taxi to the airport,only________ his plane high up in the sky. A.finding B.to find C.being found D.to have found 9．what 引导的名词性从句 ▲【观察·思考】 what 引导什么从句，并仔细体味 what 含义： (1)However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached________ looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions． （课本） （=the place that 引导宾语从句 且在其中作主语）但是，当我们到达一个看上去像是大市场的地方时，由于车辆朝四面八方 飞奔，我看不见王平了。 (2)________ he said just now is very important, （=all/the words that．．引导主语从句，在句中作宾语） ． (3)The young man went into the cinema and after________ seemed half an hour he came out. A.it B．what (4)众所周知，地球绕着太阳转。 ①________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ is that the earth goes around the sun. ②________ well known to all ________ the earth goes around the sun. ③________ is well known to all, the earth goes around the sun. (5)When asked ________ they needed most, the kids said they wanted to feel important and loved. (6)Only then did they realize________ a situation they were in! (7)(2010.浙江)It is uncertain ________ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it. A.that B.what C.how D.whether 【归纳总结】 (1)what 引导名词性从句，既可引导疑问分句，也可引导名词性关系分句，即：what—the+ 名词+that (定从) (2)what 是连接代词或形容词，在名词性从句中要充当句子成分（主、宾、表语或定语） (3)that 引导名词性从句，无词义，不充当句子成分，在非正式文体中引导宾语从句时可以省 略。 ▲【再练练】 (1)(2010.福建)We should respect food and think about the people who don't have________ we have here and treat food Nicely. A.that B.which C.what D.whether (2)(2010.天津)As a new graduate,he doesn't know ________ it takes to start a business here. A.how B.what C.when D.which (3)(2010.北京) ________ some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A.Whether B.What C.That D.How
(4)(2012.全国)It is by no means clear ________ the president can do to end the strike. A.how B.which C.that D.what (5)(2010.上海)One reason for her preference for city life is________ she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants. A.that B.how C.what D.why (6)(2011 北京)________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A.Which B.What C.That D.Whom (7)(2011.北京)The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A.what B.how C.that D.why (8)(2011.上海)The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of ________ others actually understand. A.why B.that C.which D.what (9)(2011.安徽)His writing is so confusing that it's difficult to make out ________ it is that he is trying to express. A.that B.how C.who D.what (l0)My brother never talked about climbing,because he knew that was ________ I got injured. A.what B.when C.how D.where Section Three:今日脱口，迎战高考 1．占用了你们这么多宝贵时间，真是不好意思。 2．Jane 在医专学了 5 年以后，地到乡下当了一名医生。 3．尽管缺钱，他的父母还是设法送他上了大学。 （lack vt． ） 4．他因缺乏经验也失去了这项工作。(for lack of) 5．充足的新鲜空气和体育锻炼将加速他的康复。 6．使我非常吃惊的是，她刚一读这封信就突然大哭起来。 7．他们搬起石头砸了自己的脚。 8．昨晚下了场大雪，因此造成了今天的交通问题。 9．众所周知，地球绕着太阳转。 （what 引导从句） 10．尽管大约 2，000 病人服用了此药，但它会带来什么副作用还不能确定。
I．单项填空 1.After staying in hospital for long,the patient was advised to go to the seaside to________ his health. A.take up B.pick up C.carry up D.make up
2.The couple are spending their holiday on is described as one of the most beautiful islands. A.that B.what C.which D.where 3.________ by his grandparents, Jimmy wasn't used to living with his parents. A.To bring up B.To be brought up C.Brought up D.Being brought up 4.We’re living in a society ________ exchanging presents is an important part in communication, A.which B.when C.why D.where 5.She insisted that animals should live in their natural________ . A.surrounding B.resources C.environments D.surroundings 6.I'm sure the beauty of ________ nature there will make________ excellent impression on you. A. the;the B.the;an C.不填；an D.不填；不填 7.—Sir, please____off your mobile phone! The meeting has begun —Sorry. I forgot. A.change B.switch C.bend D.skip 8.Life is tough in the city.In order to lose their_________ some people drink alcohol. A.temper B.sense C.weight D.pressure 9.For years workers have to________ low wages and terrible working conditions. A.preserve B.prohibit C.ignore D.tolerate 10.The corridor(走廊)was so narrow that I had to________ myself against the wall to let them pass. A.pull B.press C.defend D.prevent 11.Though ________ money,his parents managed to send him to university. A.lacked B.lacking of C.lacking D.lacked in 12.—Do you think I could borrow your basketball? —_____________ A.How come? B.Take your time. C.Yes,go on D.Yes.help yourself. 13.The beautiful girl stood there until the train________ . A.lost sight B.caught sight C.out of sight D.got out of sight 14.-Well,where did you spend your night that day? -At________ . A.where it is called Grand Hotel B.what is called Grand Hotel C.which is called Grand Hotel D.that is called Grand Hotel 15._________ to train his daughter in English,he put an ad like this in the paper",an English teacher for a ten-year-old girl". A.Determined;Wanted B.Determined;Wanting C.Determine;Wanted D.Determining;Wanting Ⅱ．完形填空 Here's what only my closest friends know about me: We never had much, but things went from bad to worse when my dad was laid off. It was 1983 and I was in the sixth grade. He never truly 16 from it. He never again took a full-time job. And life at home was never the same. My mother worked in a restaurant at a hospital in town. She 17 to feed our family of seven and pay the bills. When she got her 18 ,the bills came first. So many times, we didn t have enough to 19 .
My parents were too 20 to walk into a soup kitchen (a place where poor people can go to get a free hot meal ) and ask for help. They worried they might 21 a friend or a neighbor, and would have to talk about our situation, 22 , we relied on the free food the welfare office delivered to us 23 : the free cheese, butter and canned goods. There was no fruit, and the 24 vegetable I ever saw was an occasional tomato or onion. I was served lunch at school:l had always qualified for a 25 school lunch. But I was 26 of that fact. That lunch was my first healthy meal of the day, and sometimes my only meal, 27 I had to carry a card, for the whole restaurant to see. I 28 using it. Most of the time, I used 29 from my paper route (送报) to pay for my lunch instead. These were the years I learned shame. Today I 30 all those years, how hard I tried to hide the 31 in my life，and I realize how 32 my feelings were. None of it was my fault.I was still a good person. And there were so many people who were 33 to help. This is my story. And I 34 it quite openly,hoping that a young boy or girl reading this is able to realize that there's no shame in getting 35 . 16.A.recovered B.separated C.suffered D.resulted 17.A.promised B.hesitated C.struggled D.offered 18.A.holiday B.pay C.diary D.degree 19.A.wear B.learn C.buy D.eat 20.A.proud B.strict C.brave D.slow 21.A.call on B.care for C.run into D.turn to 22.A.Meanwhile B.Instead C.Besides D.Somehow 23.A.happily B.privately C.finally D.immediately 24.A.fresh B.next C.special D.only 25.A.delicious B.healthy C.proper D.free 26.A.ashamed B.fond C.unaware D.afraid 27.A.and B.so C.but D.or 28.A.risked B.avoided C.hated D.practiced 29.A.money B.newspaper C.contribution D.Donation 30.A.look back on B.look forward to C.look down upon D.look up to 31.A.secret B.evidence C.desperation D.truth ,32.A.strong B.foolish C.uncertain D.valuable 33.A.unable B.patient C.responsible D.willing 34.A.repeat B.share C.publish D.record 35.A.advice B.treatment .C.food D.help Ⅲ．阅读理解 A Social networking websites are causing alarming changes in the brains of young users,a famous scientist has warned. Sites such as Facebook,Twitter and Bebo are said to shorten attention spans, encourage instant satisfaction and make young people more self-centered. Facebook's founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg,has been a very rich man,but at what cost to human relationships?.
More than 150 million people use Facebook to keep in touch with friends9share photographs and videos and post regular updates of their movements and thoughts.A further six million have signed up to Twitter,the “micro-blogging”service that lets users circulate text messages about themselves. But while the sites are popular-and extremely profitable-a growing number of psychologists (心理学家) believed they might be doing more harm than good. Baroness Greenfield,an Oxford University neuroscientist (神经系统家)said,“My fear is that these technologies are infantilizing(幼稚化)the brain into the state of small children who are attracted by buzzing noises and bright lights,who have a small attention span and who live for the moment.” Lady Greenfield told the Lords,a teacher of 30 years had told her that she had noticed a sharp decline in the ability of her pupils to understand others,She pointed out that autistic(孤僻的) people, who usually find it hard to communicate, were particularly comfortable using computers. “Of course, we do not know whether the current increase in autism is linked to an increased prevalence (椤苋行) among people of spending time in screen relationships.Surely it is a point worth considering.” she added. 36.Twitter is a website designed for people to______________. A.chat with friends B.share photos with others C.post their recent movements and thoughts D.spread text messages about themselves 37.Baroness Greenfield worries that these technologies____________. A.infantilize the brains of young users B.stop the growth of the brains of young users C.shorten attention spans of infants D.cause changes in the brains of infants 38.According to Lady Greenfield,_______________. A.social networking websites only affect autistic people B.social networking websites can actually help autistic people to communicate C.it is worthwhile to study how social networking websites affect autism D.the current increase in autism is linked to social networking websites 39.Who might hold a different view from Lady Greenfield? A.Many psychologists. B.Mark Zuckerberg. C.Parents of young pupils. D.A teacher of 30 years. B I read a letter of a mother of a gifted child to an expert with gifted children stating that her son was always complaining that he doesn't like his teacher for she talks in baby language and she lets them sing baby songs.Having an insufficient under standing of being different from their normally developing classmates,gifted children my find themselves wanting to learn more than being boxed with other kids of their age.They want to quench their thirst for knowledge.However, in the process, they tend to develop negative thoughts about school and teachers.Thus,they tend to exhibit behavioral problems. Behavioral problems of gifted children could be mainly correlated to their asynchronous(不同 期的)development.This development means that the child has uneven development in their mind, body and emotions. To explain further,a gifted child may live in different ages at once.He may
show high intellectual capabilities at some point but the time his emotions rule, he would go back to his true age going through tantrums and endless sobbing.He maybe find it happy playing with kids his age but the next day,he would be bored that and he would find conversing with older kids to be more challenging. Because of high intellectual level,a gifted child often acts differently in his own classroom.He has the thinking of being above from the rest of his classmates when it comes to grades,academic awards and school recognitions. In classroom discussions, the child may either be very cooperative having advanced knowledge in the lessons but it is mostly that he will suffer from boredom as he is not challenged by the lessons and he would feel no improvement with them. 40.The gifted child mentioned in the first paragraph doesn't like his teacher because. A.she doesn't teach him anything B.what she teacher doesn't satisfy his needs C.she pays no attention to the gifted child D.she treats the gifted child unfairly 41.Which of the following best explains the asynchronous development? A.A child has sound development both in mind and body. B.A child cannot get along well with his classmates. C.A child is intellectually developed but not equal with emotionally. D.A child doesn't feel happy with his school and teachers. 42.In classroom discussions,a gifted child will mostly_______________. A.refuse to join others in the discussion B.look down upon the question being discussed C.show off his advanced knowledge D.share his ideas with others 43.What is most likely to be talked about in the paragraph following the passage? A.How a gifted child gets along with his classmates. B.How to get a gifted child involved in a classroom discussion. C.What can arouse a gifted child's interest. D.How a teacher should handle a gifted child in class. 44.We can infer from the passage that_____________. A.we needn’t pay special attention to gifted children B.a gifted child is well above others in every way C.it's best to teach a gifted child separately D.teaching a gifted child can be challenging Ⅳ．阅读表达 Scientists have discovered that living to the age of 100 may have nothing to do with the lifestyle you lead and everything to do with the type of genes you have. For the lucky carriers of"Methuselah"genes,worries over smoking,eating unhealthily and not getting enough exercise may not be as necessary as to those of us without the special gene pattern. The “Methuselah” genes could give extra protection against the diseases of old age such as cancer and heart disease. They could also protect people against the effects of the unhealthy lifestyles that we believe will lead us to an early death, scientists say.However,the genes are very rare.
The genes include ADIPOQ, which is found in about 10 percent of young people but in nearly 30 percent of people living past 100.They also include the CETP and the ApoC3 genes, which are found in 10 percent of young people,but in about 20 percent of people over 100 years old. Some of those genes were discovered by a research group at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, led by Professor Nir Barzilai. The team studied the genes of over 500 people over 100 years old,and their children. The studies show that tiny mutations(变异)in the make-up of some genes can greatly increase a person's lifespan.Barzilai told a Royal Society conference that the discovery of such genes gave scientists clear targets for developing drugs that could prevent age-related diseases9 allow people to live longer and stay healthy. David Gems,a researcher at University College London,believes that drugs to slow aging will become widespread. “If we know which genes control longevity (长寿) then we can....target them with drugs. That makes it possible to slow down aging,”he told The Times. “Much of the pain and suffering in the world is caused by aging. If we can find a way to reduce that, then we are obliged to reduce that，then we are obliged to take it.” 45.What is the main idea of the text?(no more than 8 words) 46.Which sentence in the text is closest in meaning to the following one? If some genes change a little bit,it will allow people to live much longer. 47.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(no more than 6 words) 48.What can scientists do if they are aware which genes control longevity?(no more than 6 words) 49.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 8 into Chinese.
Unit 4 Making the news 第一部分 透视双基 网络考点
一、攻克词汇 I．重点词汇 1．值得赞扬的，令人钦佩的__________ 2．业余爱好者__________ 3．更新，使现代化 v __________ 4．故意地__________ 5．犯罪的，有罪的，内疚的__________ 6．出版，发行，发表，公布 v．__________ 7．彻底的，详尽的__________ 8．帮助，协助，援助 v.__________
9．约会，任命 n. __________ 10．递交，呈递 v.__________ 11．集中，凝聚 v. __________ 12．获得，取得 v.__________ 13．评估，评定 v.__________ 14．告知，通知 v. __________ 15．指责，谴责，控告 v．__________ 16．需求，要求 v.__________
17．精确的，正确的__________ 20 ． 加 工 ， 处 理 ， 过 程 ， 程 序 v ． & 18．年长的，高年级的，高级的__________ n．__________ 19．赞成，认可，批准 v．__________ Ⅱ．词不离句（从重点词汇中选出 10 个合适的词并用适当形式完成句子） 1. The scientists did a__________(详尽的) research on the cucumber matter but they found nothing. 2. We must __________ our efforts on improving education. 3. We all __________(佩服;钦佩)Stephen William Hawking for his great success in physics. 4.I__________(支持;赞成)of this suggestion which may help our firm make more profit. 5. It will require lots of time to ________(评定 ;评估 ) the effect of the new policy carried out last month. 6. The soldier was __________of running away when the enemy attacked. 7. Coal was formed out of dead forests by a long slow__________of chemical change. 8. We should try to find ways to help beginners__________the basic skills required to learn a new language. 9. A team of nurses__________the doctor in performing the operation, 10.Jack felt__________about the words that he had said to Jenny and decided to apologize to her. 二、积累短语 I．短语集锦 1．concentrate on __________ 9．盼望??__________ 2．depend on __________ 10．把??传给??__________ 3． accuse sb．．of__________ ． 11．防御，抵抗 __________ 4．so as to(do sth.)__________ 12．被制成__________ 13. on one's own__________ 5．ahead of__________ 14. be supposed to__________ 6．have a nose for．．__________ ． 15. be eager to do.__________ 7．通知某人某事__________ 8．完全误解，弄错__________ Ⅱ．用上述短语的适当形式填空 1. I can't carry the________ ________ _______ _________; it's too heavy. 2.The students can't ________ ________ their studies when they are hungry in class. 3. He studies very hard, because he wants to stay________ ________ his classmates. 4. Whether we'll go picnicking tomorrow________ ________ the weather. 5. The e-mail for your pen pal must be sent immediately ________ ________ ________ be received in time. 6. You________ ________ ________ shake hands when you meet someone for the first time in China. 7. Many students________ ________ ________ be admitted into Harvard University. 8. The naughty boy________ ________ ________ ________ ________ bread and cheese. 9. During the Ming Dynasty,the Great Wall was built to________ ________ the enemies. 10. The holiday I am________ ________ ________ is around the corner,so I felt very excited. 三、完美句子（根据课文内容补全句子） 1．周阳将永远不会忘记他在一家畅销英文报纸的第一项工作任务。 ________ ________ Zhou Yang________ his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.
2．对摄影我不仅只是感兴趣，在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我的技术。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skill. 3．如果你对摄影感兴趣，以后你可以集中精力去钻研。 You may be able to________ ________ photography later if you are interested． 4．你有没有过这样的情况：别人控告你的记者，说他的报道失实？ Have you ever had a case________ someone________ your journalists of________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ? 5．一位足球运动员被指控受贿，故意不进球，好让对方球队赢球。 A footballer was________ ________ taking money for deliberately not scoring goals________ ________ ________ /________ ________ ________ let the other team win．
Section One:词汇 1．delighted 参 Unit 2 BV 2．assist,aid 与 help ▲【观察·思考】 (1) She stopped smoking________ ________ ________ /________ /________ ________ （在??帮助下）her family and friends. (2)Despite his cries,no one ________ / ________ ________ ________ ________ /________ /________ .尽管他喊叫，却没有人来帮助他。 (3)Many people ________ ／________ ／________ the disaster area________ money and food. 许多人向灾区支援钱和食物。 (4)A smile can________ us get through difficult situations and find friends in a world of strangers. 微笑能帮助我们度过困境，在陌生人群中找到朋友。 (5)I assist/aid/help her________ ________ her study. 我帮助她继续学业。 →I assist/aid/help her________ ________ her study. (归纳总结】 assist，aid 与 help 表“帮助、协助”等用法基本同
▲【再练练】 (l)We were in trouble then and it was my best friend who________ ________ ________ . 我们当时处在困境中，是我最好的朋友帮助我们摆脱了困境。 (2) She________ ________ ________ when she heard the exciting news． 当她听到这个激动人 心的消息时禁不住哭了。 (3)I'm sorry,but I can't help(________ )________ (cook) the meal. (4)I________ ________ ________ admit he is right. 我不得不承认他是对的。 (5)I couldn't help________ by his speech. A. moving B．to move C. being moved D.to be moved (6)If you want another drink, just________ ________ . 你要是想再喝一杯就请自便。 (7)He's been helping himself to the money in the drawer. (8) (2012．全国)-What shall we do tonight then? -________ -whatever you want. A. Help yourself B.It's a deal C. No problem D.It's up to you (9)They collected much money________ the college students from Qinghai Province. A. in aid B．in aid of C．with the aid of D．aid 3. concentrate 参 Unit 2 BⅣ 4．acquire 参 Unit l BⅢ（gain...） 5.inform vt. ▲【观察·思考】 (1) Please________ ________ ________ any change of the address as soon as possible. 地址如果有变更，请尽早通知我们。 (2) He kept me________ ________ the current events going on both at home and abroad. 他随时告诉我国内外时事。 (3)We regret_______ _______ you_______ your application has been rejected.
我们很遗憾地通知你，你的申请未被接受。 (4)He is very well-informed,that's why he won the general knowledge competition. 【归纳总结】 (1) inform vt.①通知，告知②了解；熟悉 n→ information 消息 (2)inform sb．of / about sth．告知某人某事/ (that)??通知某人 (3)keep sb．Informed (of...)随时向某人告知（??的）情况 (4) well-informed 见多识广的； 消息灵通的 be well informed of/about 精通某事； 对??的消 息灵通 ▲【注】类似 inform sb．of sth．结构参 Unit 3 BI (remind) ▲【再练练】 (l)-Thank you for keeping me_______ of everything that's happening. -Don’t mention It． A. inform B．informed C. informing D.information (2)I have_______ _______ _______ that the couple will marry next year. 我得到可靠消息说这对夫妇明年结婚。 6．depend on ▲【观察·思考】 (l)Good health_______ _______ right foods9 exercise and getting enough sleep. 良好的健康状况依赖于合适的食物、运动和充足的睡眠。 (2) He_______ _______ his parents to_______ _______ _______ the children. 他依靠父母照顾孩子。 (3) Children _______ _______ their parents_______ food and clothing. 孩子们依靠父母供给衣食。 (4)We might need more food,_______ _______ how many people turn up． 我们可能还需要些食物，不过这要看到场的人数。 (5) You may_______ _______ _______ that she will help you． 你可以相信她会帮助你的。 (6)-Is he coming?他来吗？ - _______ _______ ．He may not have time． 视情况而定，他不一定有时间。 【归纳总结】 (l)depend on/upon 依赖，依靠，取决于→ ①rely on ② count on 用法基本同 depend on (2)depend on sb.to do sth．依靠某人做某事/ depend on sb for sth．靠某人供给?? (3) depend on/upon it+that 从句,指望，对??深信不疑 (4) That /It (all) depends 视情况而定 (5) depending on 根据...... →based on, on the basis of, according to 等 (l)-How long are you staying? -I don't know._______ . A. That's OK B. Never mind C. It depends D. It doesn't matter (2)Whether you can lose your weight successfully in this case_______ very much on your condition. A. insists B. bases C. focuses D. depends
(3)In some regions,people wear a variety of protective hats_______ the season. They may wear a wool hat in winter, a rain hat in spring or fall and a wide-edged hat in summer. A. resulting from B. basing upon C. relating to D. depending on (4) You may depend on_______ he will not repeat his mistakes. A. it that B. that as C. him that D. which that (5) (2012.天津) -Can I have a day off tomorrow, Mr. Johnson? -____________. I can manage without you. A. Forget it B. I'm afraid not C. It depends D. Of course ▲细推敲 (6) ①What materials can be thrown into the sea__________ ________ their nature. ②What materials can be thrown into the sea_______ ________their nature? 7．so as to 与 in order to 等 ▲【观察·思考】 (1)他穿着厚大衣以免着凉。 He wore a heavy coat_______ _______ _______ _______ /_______ _______ _______ _______ catch a cold. →_______ _______ _______ _______ catch a cold,he wore a heavy coat. (2)我还不至于蠢到去做那件事。 I'm not _______ _______ _______ _______ do that. (3) Would you be_______ _______ _______ _______ give me a lift? 请捎我一程好吗？（委婉请求别人做事句型） →Would you be_______ _______ _______ give me a lift? (4)为了赶上早班车，我们六点就动身了。 （多译） ①We started at 6 o'clock_______ _______ /_______ _______ _______ we could catch the early bus. ②We started at 6 0'clock_______ _______ _______ /_______ _______ _______ catch the early bus. ③ _______ / _______ _______ _______ catch the early bus,we started at 6 0'clock. (5)我们很早就动身了，所以我们赶上了早班车。 ①We started_______ _______ _______ we caught the early bus. ②We started early_______ _______ we caught the early bus. ③We started _______ _______ _______ _______ catch the early bus. 【归纳总结】 (l)so that(in order that)： 引导目的状语从句， 从句中的谓语动词前常带 may， might， can， could 等情态动词。 (2)in order to 引导目的状语，位于句首或句中。 (3)so as to 引导目的状语，只位于句中。 (4) so...as to 如此......以致于??表结果 注意后接动词原形 ▲注意 so that...既可引导目的状语从句，还可引导结果状语从句。 so...that...只引导结果状语从句 ▲【再练练】
(l)John shut everyone out of the kitchen_______ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if (2)Roses need special care_______ they can live through winter. A. because B. so that/in order that C. even if D. as (3) _______ , he raised his hand high. A. In order could be seen B. In order to be seen C. So as to be seen D. To see (4)(2012 .江西)Having finished her project,she was invited by the school_______ to the new students. A. speaking B. having spoken C. to speak D. to have spoken (5)Tom kept silent about the accident _______ lose his job. A. so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to (6)All these gifts must be mailed immediately in time_______ for Christmas. A. in order to have received B. in order to receive C. so as to be received D. so as to be receiving 8．demand n．&vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (1) He stopped the man and demanded _______ _______ where he came from. 他挡住那个人，查问他的来处。 (2)All the settlers nearby demanded that the nightclub (_______ )_______ _______ _______ as soon as possible. 附近所有居民都要求那家夜总会迟早搬走。 (3) Medical workers are_______ _______ _______ in that area. 那个地方非常需要医疗工作者。 (4)There is_______ _______ _______ _______ colour TV sets. 对彩电的需求量很大。 (5)The manager promised that they will try to _______ their customers’_______ . 经理许诺他们会尽力满足顾客的需求。 【归纳总结】 (1) n．be in (great) demand(迫切)．需求 ; satisfy one's demands 满足某人的需求 (2) vt． demand sth．要求某物; demand to do 要求做??; demand that.要求??（从句用虚 拟语气，即 should+动词原形，should 可省略） ▲【注】request，require 等参 Unit 2 BI ▲【再练练】 (l)He demanded that all the prisoners_______ _______ _______ . 他要求释放所有的囚犯。 (2)While modeling business is by no means easy to get into the good model will always be_______ _______． （需求量大，受欢迎） (3) My demand is that the information referred to in my report_______ to Mr. Brown without delay. A. is e-mailed B.will be e-mailed C. be e-mailed D.e-mailed 9．ahead of ▲【观察·思考】
(1)I thought we'd be late for the concert,but we ended up getting there_______ _______ _______ (提前). (2) -Could I use your computer for a few moments, please? -__________. I'm not using it myself. A. Come on B. It depends C. Go ahead D. That's great (3)Scientists are racing _______ time in order to find a cure for bird flu as soon as possible. A. along with B. against C. around D. ahead of 【归纳总结】 go ahead 前进； （口）干吧，去吧，继续吧 ahead of time 提前 ▲【注】与 in advance 区别参 Unit 5 BⅣ 10．approve vt． ▲【观察·思考】 (1) I_______ _______ your decision. 我同意你的决定。 (2) Many schools in USA didn't_______ _______ students_______ jeans to school and they forbade them. 美国许多学校不赞成学生们穿牛仔裤上学，并且禁止穿。 (3)The course is_______ _______ the Department for Education. 课程已获教育部批准。 (4)By doing well at school he hoped to win his parents' _________． 他在学校表现不错，希望以此得到父母的赞许。 【归纳总结】 (l)approve of sb. /sth．赞成／同意某人／某事(vi.) approve of sb.’s doing sth．同意某人某事 (2)approve the plan 批准计划(vt．) (3)approval n．同意；批准 (4)disapprove v．不赞成；反对 → disapproval ▲【再练练】 (1) A survey done recently shows that not all parents _______ their children taking part in the weekend classes. A. escape B.lead to C. imagine D. approve of (2)When we asked for his attitude to that case, he gave a nod of _______ . A. approving B. approval C. pride D. confidence Section Two:句型 11．走进“although"大家庭 (1) Although the dining room was crowded with hungry students,but I was able to find myself a seat. (改错) ① →②The dining room was crowded with hungry students. _______ ,I was able to find myself a seat. I was able to find myself a seat, _______ . (2)①Busy_______ (也可) he is,he can finish the task ahead of time. =>_______ he is busy, he can finish the task ahead of time.
②_______ _______ it rained（尽管雨下得很大） ，the football game has been decided not to be put off. ③_______ _______ _______ _______ （尽管他是个孩子）, he can speak English very fluently. => Although/Though he is_______ _______ , he can speak English very fluently. (3)①_______ _______ _______ her wounded leg, she managed to get up the stairs. →_______ her wounded leg, she managed to get up the stairs. →_______ _______ her wounded leg, she managed to get up the stairs. ②Every citizen has equal rights_______ _______ race, colour ,or creed. 不论种族、肤色、信仰，每个公民都拥有平等的权利。 (4)_______ I agree with a lot of what you say, I still can't accept your conclusions. A. When B．While C．Despite D．In spite of 【归纳总结】 (1) though 与 although 作连词，引导让步状语从句时，不能再与 but 连用，但可以和 yet 或 still 连用。 (2) though 可作副词，译为“可是，然而” ，多位句尾，注意用“逗号”隔开。 (3) as 引导的让步语从句句型如下：强调部分（表、状等）+as+主语十谓语?? 【注】此句型中的 as 可换成 though，但不可用 although． (4)介词 in spite of/despite 意为：尽管，虽然; regardless of ①尽管，虽然②不管，不顾。 (5) while 引导让步状语从句必须放在句首。 ▲【再练练】 (1) Their tent, _______ light as a feather, remained firm in the storm last night. A. as if B. even C. though D. if (2)Li Ping works very hard at his lesson. He didn't get the first place in the exam,_______ . A. though B. yet C. however D. although (3)_______ the problem is rather hard, _______ the boy worked it out all by himself. A. Although;/ B. Though; but C. Although; but D. Though; and (4)_______ a thorough search, no trace of the murder has been found. A. Instead of B. In spite C. Despite D. Although (5)Once made out, the plan must be carried out_______ any difficulty. A. in spite of B. instead of C. in place of D. regardless of (6)(2011 .北京) volleyball is her main focus, she's also great at basketball. A. Since B. Once C. Unless D. While (7)-Have you been to New Zealand? -No,I'd like to, . A. too B. though C. yet D. either (8) , he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student (9) , Carolina couldn't get the door open. A. Might she as try B. As she might try C. She might as try D. Try as she might (l0) This special school accepts all disabled students, educational level and background. A. according to B. regardless of C. in addition to D. in terms of (ll) Equal treatment for all is guaranteed in this area, race, religion or sex. A. in need of B. in spite of C. regardless of D. in terms of
12. be to do...句型 观察下列句子，标注 be to...含义： (1) His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly influence his life as a journalist.(P26)( ) 他与他的新老板胡新的讨论对他的记者生涯必将产生强烈的影响。 (2)Some books are to be tasted90thers to be swallowed,and some few to be chewed and digested. ( ) (3)You are not to smoke in the room. ( ) (4)The book is to be returned before this Friday. ( ) (5)The queen is to visit Japan in a week's time. ( ) 【归纳总结】 be to do: ①表示不可避免要发生的事， （可译为“注定要??” ） ②表示按计划或安排要做某事 ③表示“应该” ，相当于 should，ought to ④表示“必须” ，相当于 must，have to 总之，以上都不是主语的意愿。 ▲【再练练】 (1) As early as his second film, Chaplin had developed his own manner of acting,the one that world famous. A. would become B. became C. was to become D. had become (2) Look at these clouds. . A. It's going to rain B. It's raining C. It is to rain D. It can rain (3)“Did you tell Julia about the result?” “Oh, no, I forgot. I her now. ” A. will be calling B. will call C. call D. am to call (4) Who do you think for the failure of the marriage. A. is to be blamed B. is to blame C. will blame D. to be blamed ▲【注】 “将来时”的其它表达方法参语法时态。 Section Three:今日脱口，迎战高考 1．微笑能帮助我们度过困境，在陌生人群中找到朋友。 2．从 CCTV-9 我们可以了解到国内外时事。 3．良好的健康状况依赖于适当的食物、运动和充足的睡眠。 4．你可以相信：他不会重犯错误。(depend on it?) 5．请捎我一程好吗？（委婉句型） 6．为了不失去他的工作，Tom 对此事故保持沉默。 7．地震灾区当时极需医疗工作者。 8．天尽管下大雨，运动会如期举行。
①as:___________________________________________________________________ ②in spite of:____________________________________________________________ 9．书有的需要“浅尝” ，有的需要“吞噬” ，只有为数不多的书需要 “咀嚼”“消化” 、 。 10．我原以为我们赴演奏会会迟到的，但结果我们提前到了那儿。
第三部分 巩固练习 ·
I．单项填空 1. Use a recorder to get the facts straight,and if person wants to find fault with you, you'll have evidence to support your story. A. the;/ B. the; the C. the; a D. a; the 2. , it didn't make any sense. A. Heated as the discussion seemed B. As the discussion seemed heated C. Seemed heated as the discussion D. As heated the discussion seemed 3. One can gain a lot of experience while doing a part-time job. , it can broaden one's horizons. A. After all B. Otherwise C. In a word D. Meanwhile 4. What we have to admit is that never in the past thirty years so greatly as today. A. did China change B. China has changed C. has China changed D. China had changed 5. Have you ever heard of a case someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? A. which B. when C. where D. what 6. I hope the media should keep us of the latest news and provide entertainment. A. informed B. to inform C. informing D. inform 7. He denied money but we were . A. to take; unbelievable B. taking; skeptical C. taking ; doubt D. taking ; unbelievable 8. -Can you come to have dinner tomorrow? -__________.I would arrive on time. A. That's right B. That's it C. That's cool D. That's nothing 9.A piece of bad news has been spread that the rich man has been of doing good things only to achieve a good reputation. A. informed B. accused C. blamed D. charged 10. Mr. Black is an experienced engineer,and he will be employed to us in improving our equipment. A. assist B. consider C. provide D. offer 11. -I’m not good at basketball, you know. -________. We're playing for fun. Just try and you'll see you can do it. A. Well,it depends. B. Take your time C. Come on! D. That's OK. 12. -He made an apology be blamed what he had done.
- It's really wise of him. A. so as to not;of B. in order to not; for C. so as not to;for D. in order not to;of 13. Would you tell me the things this afternoon? A. being discussed B. Discussed C. to be discussed D. to discuss 14. As a matter of fact,her mother doesn't of her going to study in the United States alone. A. admit B. agree C. prove D. approve 15. The manager's demand was that the data referred to in his report to Mr. Andrew without delay. A. were e-mailed B. would be e-mailed C. should be e-mailed D. had been e-mailed Ⅱ．完形填空 One effective way of destroying happiness is to look at something and focus on even the smallest fault. It's like looking at the tiled (铺瓦的) ceiling and concentrating on the space. where one tile is 16 . Once I heard a bald man said,“whenever I enter a room, 17 I see is hair. ”Once you've 18 what your missing tile is, explore whether acquiring it will 19 make you happy. Then do one of the three things:get it, replace it with a different 20 , or forget about it and 21 the tiles in your life that are not missing. We all know people who have had a relatively 22 life, yet are essentially unhappy while people who have suffered a great deal but 23 remain happy. The first 24 is gratitude. All happy people are 25 . Ungrateful people cannot be happy. We tend to think that being unhappy leads people to 26 , but it's truer to say that complaining leads to people becoming unhappy. The second secret is 27 that happiness is a byproduct (副产品 ) of something else. The most obvious 28 are those pursuits(追求)that give our lives purpose - anything 29 studying insects to playing baseball. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are 30 to experience. Finally, the belief that something permanent goes beyond us and that our 31 has some larger meaning can help us to feel happier. We 32 a spiritual faith, or a philosophy of life. Whatever your philosophy(人生哲学)is, it should 33 this truth: if you choose to find the 34 in every situation, you will be blessed9and if you choose to find the awful, you will be cursed. As with happiness itself, this is 35 your decision to make. 16. A. different B. missing C. short D. broken 17. A. nothing B. none C. all D. anything 18. A. determined B. predicted C. assumed D. imagined 19. A. completely B. naturally C. hopefully D. really 20. A. tile B. brick C. ceiling D. house 21. A. look on B. focus on C. count on D. decide on 22. A. peaceful B. difficult C. easy D. ordinary 23. A. certainly B. merely C. hardly D. generally 24. A. secret B. factor C. rule D. key 25. A. wealthy B. grateful C. proud D. generous 26. A. upset B. quarrel C. complain D. depress 27. A. admitted B. assuming C. proving D. realizing
28. A. sources B. results 29. A. among B. from 30. A. probable B. possible 31. A. value B. destination 32. A. need B. lack 33. A. involve B. include 34. A. worst B. best 35. A. absolutely B. totally Ⅲ，阅读理解
C. answers C. through C. likely C. survival C. demand C. absorb C. positive C. exactly
D. goals D. for D. capable D. existence D. expect D. mean D. negative D. largely
A Arthur Miller(1915～2005)is universally recognized as one of the greatest dramatists of the 20th century. Miller's father had moved to the USA from Austria Hungary,drawn like so many others by the 66Great American Dream". However, he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the early 1930s. Millers's most famous play,Death of a Salesman,is a powerful attack on the American system,with its aggressive way of doing business and its insistence on money and social s.tatus as indicators of worth. In Willy Loman,the hero of the play,we see a man who has got into trouble with his worth. Willy is“burnt out" and in the cruel world of business there is no room for sentiment:if he can't do the work,then he is no good to his employer,the Wagner Company,and he must go. Willy is painfully aware of this9and at loss as to what to do with his lack of success. He refuses to face the fact that he has failed and kills himself in the end. When it was first staged in 1949,the play was greeted with enthusiastic reviews9and it won the Tony Award for Best Play, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award9 and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It was the first play to win all three of these major awards. Miller died of heart failure at his home in Roxbury, Connecticut,on the evening of February 10,2005,the 56th anniversary of the first performance of Death of a Salesman on Broadway. 36. Why did Arthur Miller's father move to the USA? A. He suffered from severe hunger in his home country. B. He was attracted by the Great American Dream. C. He hoped to make his son a dramatist. D. His family business failed. 37. The play Death of a Salesman . A. exposes the cruelty of the American business world B. discusses the ways to get promoted in a company C. talks about the business career of Arthur Miller D. focuses on the skills in doing business 38. What can we learn about Willy Loman? A. He treats his employer badly. B. He runs the Wagner Company. C. He is a victim of the American system. D. He is regarded as a hero by his colleagues. 39. After it was first staged,Death of a Salesman A. achieved huge success
B. won the first Tony Award C. was warmly welcomed by salesmen D. was severely attacked by dramatists 40. What is the text mainly about? A. Arthur Miller and his family. B. The awards Arthur Miller won. C. The hardship Arthur Miller experienced. D. Arthur Miller and his best-known play. B As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact,it is not the bad thing that is often supposed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health. The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress,and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities90thers lose heart at the first sight of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress,in whatever form,we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between "flight or fight" and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme,but however little the stress, it involves the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long,through continued exposure to stress9 that health becomes endangered. Since we can-t remove stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could), we need to find ways to deal with it. 41. People are finding less and less time for relaxing themselves because . A. They regard working as their greatest enjoyment B. they believe that work is superior to relaxation C. they are traveling fast all the time D. they are becoming busier with their work than ever before 42. According to the author,the most important character for a good manager is his . A. strong will to hold out stress B. knowing the art of relaxation C. high sense of responsibility D. having control over performance 43. Which of the following statements is TRUE,according to the passage? A. We can find quite a few ways to avoid stress. B. Stress is always harmful to people's health. C. It's easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work. D. Different people can hear different amount of stress. 44.In the last sentence of the passage,“do so”refers to . A.“expose ourselves to stress” B.“find ways to deal with stress” C. “remove stress from our lives” D. “establish links between diseases and stress” 45. According to the author,the right attitude toward stress is . A. to avoid it B. to try to cope with it C. to regard it as a vital motivation D. to find some relaxation
Ⅳ．写作 假如你是李华，今年你被山东大学录取了，请给你的英语老师写封信。字数 120～150。 1．告诉她你的好消息； 2．对她的教诲与帮助表示感谢； 3．回忆一件她关心你的事； 4．美好祝福。
Unit 5- First aid 第一部分 透视双基 网络考点
一、攻克词汇 I．重点词汇 1．临时的___________ 12．榨；挤；压榨 v．__________ 2．损伤；伤害 n __________ 13．典礼；仪式；礼节__________ 3．流血 v．__________ 14．潮湿的 adj．__________ 4．踝（关节）__________ 15．紧地，牢牢地 adv．__________ 5．屏障；障碍物__________ 16．坚固地；稳定地 adv．__________ 6．毒药；毒害__________ 17．喉咙 n. __________ 7．复杂的__________ 18．勇敢，勇气 n. __________ 8．变化；多样化 n __________ 19．款待，招待 n．&v __________ 9．肿胀的__________ 20．申请，应用 v.__________ 10．剪刀__________ 21．压力 n. __________ 11．至关重要的__________ 22．救护车 n. __________ Ⅱ．词不离句（从重点词汇中选出 10 个合适的词并用适当形式完成句子） 1. I__________ for a job as a secretary. 2. Society is made up of a__________of people; some are good,others__________ (are) bad , and still others__________ (are) in between.
3. He lay on the floor, __________ (流血) heavily. 4. Many students found __________ jobs during their summer holidays. 5. The injured person had been given first aid before the __________ reached the spot. 6.1t was not easy to__________ so much furniture into the little room. 7.It is__________that he should study English even harder since he will go to America for further education. 8. What the old headmaster said at the graduation __________ dwells in my mind. 9. The policeman was awarded a medal as he showed great __________ in the face of danger. 10. When you get injured,you can slow the bleeding by applying __________ to the wound. 二、积累短语 I．短语集锦 1．在适当的位置__________ 2．装扮；乔装打扮__________ 3．没有什么区别__________ 4．挤出，榨出__________ 5．反复，多次__________ 6．坚持；贴在??上面__________ 7．在??的帮助下__________ 8．生病__________ 9．切断（电源等）__________ 10．出席__________ 11．反复多次__________ 12．put one's hands on__________ 13．区别对待；有影响，起（重要）作用 __________ 14．充当__________ 15．apply...to...__________
Ⅱ．用上述短语的适当形式填空 1. There is no doubt that this scheme will __________ __________ __________ to the way I do my job. 2. The forest will__________ __________ a defense against desert dust. 3. Before you leave the office,everything should be put__________ __________ . 4. It was so hot that he was sweating a lot and his shirt was__________ __________ his back. 5. Nowadays new technology is being __________ __________ almost every industrial process. 6.I was caught in a heavy rain yesterday and I__________ __________ a lot of water from my shirt. 7. -Why hasn't she been here these days? - She must have__________ __________ . 8.I know my golden watch is here somewhere, but I can't__________ __________ __________ __________ it right now. 9. Our teacher told us to practice the English dialogue__________ __________ __________ . 10. The firefighters brought the heavy fire under control__________ __________ __________ __________ the workers. 11. They are threatening to __________ __________ power supplies if their demands are not satisfied. 三、完美句子（根据课文内容补全句子） 1．急救是一个人突然病倒或受伤时而还未找到医生时所得到的一种临时的帮助。 __________ __________ is a temporary form of help given to someone__________ suddenly falls ill or__________ __________ before a doctor can be found. 2．皮肤有三层，它们是防病、防毒、抵御太阳有害光线侵害的一道屏障。 You have three layers of skin__________ __________ __________ a barrier against disease,poisons and the sun's harmful rays. 3．皮肤可以保暖或御寒，保持体内水分。正是皮肤让你感觉到冷热、疼痛，它还使你有触 觉。 ?it__________ you warm or cool; it__________ your body__________ __________ too much water; it is__________ you feel cold,heat or pain and it gives you your __________ __________ __________ . 4．根据皮肤烧伤的层次分为一度烧伤、二度烧伤和三度烧伤。 Burns are called first degree,second degree or third degree __________ __________ which layers of the skin are burned. 5．毫无疑问，是约翰敏捷的思维和在学校学到的急救技术，挽救了斯莱德女士的生命。 __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ John's quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life.
Section One:词汇 1．first aid 参 Unit 4 B V 2．fall ill→系表结构 【归纳总结】 【注意】(1)系动词常分为如下几类： 判断类：be，prove，turn out
似乎类：seem，appear，look 感官类：feel，look，sound，smell，taste 变成类：become，come，go，get，grow，fall，turn 仍然类：remain，continue，stay，keep (2)表语多为形容词，也可为名词、介词短语、不定式及分词等。 (3)[说明]： ①所有的系动词一般无进行时与被动语态。 ②连系动词后面一般不接副词作表语， 但是，表示时间、地点的副词（over，up，off，out，here 等）可以放在系动词 be 后面作表 语，如：The class meeting is over．班会结束了。I must be off now．我现在得走了。 【注】remain 用法参 Unit2 B V． e.g. (l)As time went on,the theory he stuck to_________________________ ． （证明是正确的） (2) All the students__________ __________ at the teacher, who __________ __________ ． 所有的学生都难过地看着老师，他看起来很难过。 ( 3) This flower__________ fragrant, but __________ bitter. 这花闻起来很香，但尝起来很苦。 3．fall ill 表“变化”类的系动词 ▲【观察·思考】 (l)The old woman__________ ／__________ __________ __________ __________ during the winter of 2010. 2010 年冬天，那个老太太变得越来越虚弱。 (2)He has become a lawyer→He's turned__________ . (3)My watch__________ __________ and doesn't work. 我的手表坏了，不走了。 (4) Leaves __________ __________ in autumn． （变黄） (5) As its population__________ __________ , the world seems to__________ __________ . ▲【归纳总结】 become，get，go，grow，turn:这五个词作系动词都有“变得，成为”之意，但各有侧重： (1) get 和 become 用法相同，可指向好的方面转变，也可指向坏的方面转变，强调的是变化 的最终结果。 (2)go 多用于事物变质／坏： ▲常见搭配：go hungry 挨饿；go mad 发疯；go bad 变质；go blind 瞎了；go deaf 变聋了； go wrong 出差错；go worse 变糟。 (3)grow 指由于自然地发展而变大或成熟，即“生长，发育” ，也可表“渐渐变得” ，多指由 小变大，由少变多，强调渐变过程。 (4) turn 指形式和性质的彻底改变，以至面目全非。 ▲后接单数可数名词前无冠词。 ▲【注】其它常见固定搭配： ①come true 实现②fall asleep7ill 入睡／病倒③keep fit／silent 保持健康／沉默④stay awake 醒着。 ▲【再练练】 (1)经过 10 年艰苦努力，他的梦想终于实现了。 (2) Happy birthday, Alice! So you have__________ twenty-one already! A. become B．turned C．grown D．passed (3)On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine , she__________ pale.
A. got B. changed C. went D. appeared 4. electric shock 参 Unit 4 BI 5. in place 参 Unit 3 BI 6. a number of 参 Unit 4 BI 7. put one's hands on (1)1 know my golden watch is here somewhere, but I can't__________ __________ __________ __________ it right now. (2)The development of radio,television and other media has__________ __________ __________ __________ with the development of advertising．广播、电视和其他大众传媒的发展是与广 告的发展齐头并进的。 (3)__________ __________ __________ __________ he is brilliant;__________ __________ __________ (__________ ) he is lazy. 一方面他很有才华，另一方面他又很懒。 (4)The neighbours are always willing to__________ /__________ __________ __________ ．邻居们总是乐于帮忙。 (5)We must __________ __________ our glorious traditions from generation to generation. 我们要把我们的光荣传统一代一代传下去。 (6) He __________ __________ his resignation right after the meeting．会议一开完，他就递 交了辞呈。 (7)1t seems necessary to __________ __________ the listening text to the students. 看来，把听力课本发给学生们是有必要的。 (8)You can't play with the gun! __________ __________ __________ to your father at once. (把......交给......) ▲【归纳总结】 (l) n． put /get /lay one's hands on 找到，发现 by hand 用手工（做） from hand to hand 从一人 之手传到另一人之手 hand in hand 手拉手=>go hand in hand 齐头并进 at hand 在手边， 在身边 on the one hand... on the other hand 一方面，另一方面 lend/give(sb.)a hand 帮 （某人）一个忙 an old hand 老手→ a green hand 新手 (2)v． hand sth．over to sb．移交权力、责任等给某人 hand back 归还 hand down (to) 把（东西）往下递；传给（后代） hand in 交上；提交 hand out 交出；分发 => give out ▲【再练练】 (1) __________ __________ __________ __________ you accept their presents; __________ __________ __________ (__________ )you are rude to the whole family. What really is your attitude to them? (2)Hand __________ your paper at the end of exam. (3)This is a collection of stories that were handed__________ from generation to generation. A. over B. down C. up D. around (4)It is certain that he will his business to his son when he gets old. A. take over B. think over C. hand over D. go over 8. treat 参 Unit l BV 9. apply v.
(1) They__________ the government__________ financial help. 他们向政府申请财政援助。 (2)I__________ __________ four universities and was accepted by all of them. 我申请了 4 所大学，全都被录取了。 (3) The poor students__________ __________ __________ to school for free. 这些穷学生们申请免费上学。 (4) We should__________ __________ __________ __________ . 我们应该把理论应用于实践。 (5)The questions on this part of the form only__________ __________ married men． 表格中这部分问题只适用于已婚男士。 (6)He would do very well if only he__________ __________ . 只要专心致志，他会做得很好的。 ※(7)We applied our minds to finding a solution to our problem, 我们 ____________________ 寻求解决问题的办法 【一言辨】 (8) She applied heavy makeup（化妆品）to her face．词义：__________ (9) Those__________ are applying themselves to filling in/out their__________ form 那些申请人正在专心致志地填申请表格。 ▲【归纳总结】 (1) apply vt 申请 vt.应用；涂，敷 →n. application → applicant 申请人 (2) 词组： apply(to sb．)for sth． （向......）申请...... apply to do sth．申请干某事 apply sth．to sth．把??应用于??，把??涂在?? apply to sth．适用于 apply oneself/one's mind to =>be applied to sth. /doing......专心致志于?? ▲【再练练】 (1) He slowed the bleeding by__________ pressure to the wounds． （课本 P38）他使劲地按住 伤口，使血流得慢些。 (2)Many applicants have__________ to the company for the only position available. A. arranged B.approached C．applied D．appointed (3)I've __________ what I learned to the practical production. A. appointed B. applied C. succeeded D. appealed (4)After a short holiday, he __________ himself once more to his studies. A. applied B. returned C. sent D. engaged (5)The book didn't __________ children probably because the author employed too many scientific terms in it. A. apply to B. appeal to C. intend to D. lead to (6)(2010 . 江西) Parents __________ much importance to education. They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift. A. attach B. pay C. link D. apply (7)The good thing about children is that they__________ very easily to new environments.
A. adapt B. appeal C. attach D. apply ▲【注】高考热点：apply u．①应用；运用②申请 10. make a difference (l)It's wrong of the school to make a difference between girl friends and boy friends.(汉： __________ ) (2)1t shows that a knowledge of first aid can__________ __________ __________ __________ ． （课本 P38） 这表明懂得急救知识的确能发挥重要的作用。 (3)Does it make__________ __________ whether she will come to our party? 她来不来参加我们的聚会有什么关系吗？ (4)It won't make__________ __________ whether you go today or tomorrow. 你今天还是明天走没有多大关系。 →It will make__________ ／__________ difference whether you go today or tomorrow. 【归纳总结】 make a difference between 区别对待 make a difference to．．对??产生影响／起作用 ． make some/no difference to 对??有些（没有）关系 make much/all the difference 关系重大，大不相同 ▲【再练练】 (1) We had tried everything to improve their living conditions, but it made little__________ . A. good B. use C. result D. difference (2)What __________ will it make whether Mr. Black tells us the story early or not? A. sense B. difference C. mistake D. use 11． “make"其它短语 (1)①I could just make out the shape of the building. 我只能__________ 大楼的轮廓。 ②I could hear voices, but I could't make out what they were saying.(__________ ) (2) ①We later found out that he'd made the whole thing up. 我们后来发现整件事都是他__________ 的。 ②Farmers make up 80% of China's population. 农民__________ 中国人口的 80%. ③The football team is __________ _____ ______ 12 excellent player． （由......组成） ④She made herself up carefully. 她仔细地为自己__________ . ⑤The rest of the money will be made up by the government. 其余的钱将由政府__________ . (3)①If it's convenient for you, let's__________ _____ 8 o'clock tomorrow morning． （定时间） ②Work hard like this and you'll make it sooner or later.(__________ ) ③If we set off now, we should make it to the station before the train goes. 如果我们现在动身，应该能在火车开走前__________ 车站。 (4)Desks are__________ __________ wood and paper is__________ __________ wood. =>Wood can be__________ __________ desks and paper. (5)We slowly made__________ __________ __________ . 我们慢慢地回家。
(6)I can't make__________ ______ the poem because it doesn't________ ______ at all. 我搞不明白这首诗的意思，因为它根本就讲不通（没意义）. ▲【归纳总结】 (1) make out:看清，弄懂（很费劲） (2)make up：①组成，构成 ②编造(an excuse) ③make up (for)作出补偿 ④化妆 (3)be made up of -consist of 由?” ．组成 (4)make it：①定时间 ②成功 ③准时到达 (5)be made of 由??（材料）制造（能看出原材料） (6)be made from 由??制造（看不出原材料） (7) be made into．．被制成?． ． (8)make one's way 去某处 (9)make sense 讲得通；有意义 (10) make sense of 弄清??的意思 (11) make fun of．．取笑?? ． (12) make sure/certain 确保 ▲make use of 参 Unit 2 BI ▲【再练练】 (1)(2011 .陕 ) More highways have been built in China, __________it much easier for people to travel from one place to another. A. making B. made C. to make D. having made (2) (2011 .浙江) The school isn’t the one I really wanted to go to,but I suppose I'll just have to__________ it. A. make the best of B. get away from C. keep an eye on D. catch up with (3) (2011 .全国 I ) Planning so far ahead__________ no sense—so many things will have changed by next year. A. made B. is making C. makes D. has made (4)(2011 .湖南) In the near future,more advances in the robot technology__________ by scientists. A. are making B. are made C. will make D. will be made (5)(2012 . 重庆) We're having a meeting in half an hour. The decision __________ at the meeting will influence the future of our company. A. to be made B. being made C. made D. having been made (6)(2012 .江西)We were all agreed that the cottage would__________ a perfect holiday home for the family. A. make B. turn C. take D. have (7) American Indians__________ about five percent of the U. S. population. A. fill up B. bring up C. make up D. set up (8)(2012 .山东) If we__________ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn't have been so successful. A. haven't made B. wouldn't make C. didn't make D. hadn't made (9)—I'm thinking of the test tomorrow. I'm afraid l can't pass this time. —Cheer up! I'm sure you'll__________ . A. make out B. make it C. make off D. make up (l0) Because of my poor English, I'm afraid I can't make myself__________ .
A. understand B. to understand C. understood D. understanding Section Two:句型 12. when，while 与 as (1) __________ I was walking down the street, I came across an old friend of mine. (2) __________ I came in, my husband had gone to bed. (3) __________ time went on, more and more people tended to accept Einstein's theory. →__________ time going on,more and more people tended to accept Einstein's theory. (4) She always dances __________ she sings. (边唱边跳) (5)I was sleeping soundly last night _________I heard a knock at the door. ※(6)It was foolish _________ （介词） you to take a taxi _________ you could easily walk there in 5 minutes. [既然，考虑到（某种情况）] (7)You like playing tennis, _________I'd rather read. (8) _________I agree with a lot of what you say, I still can't accept your conclusion.(= Although) ※(9) _________there is life,there is hope. (=As long as) 留得青山在，不怕没柴烧。 cf： _________there's a will，there，s a way．有志者，事竞成。 【归纳总结】 (1)when conj. ①引导时间状语从句时，既可表时间点，也可表时间段，译为“当??时候” ②并列连词，译为“这时”=> 结构、用法参 Unit 3 BⅢ ※③表原因，译为“既然” ；考虑到（某一情况）多位于主句后 (2)while conj. ①引导时状，译为“在??期间， ”只表时段 ②并列连词，译为“而、却” ，强调与两者对比 ③引导让步状从句，译为“尽管，虽然” ，多位句首( =although ) ④“只要”(as long as) (3) as 引导时间状语从句时， 强调主、 从句动作同时发生， 多译为 “①随着?? ②一边??” 【注】as 其它用法，参 Unit 4 BⅡ． ▲【再练练】 (1)(2011 .陕西) _________ all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. A. Since B. While C. If D. As (2) She had just finished her homework _________her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since (3)(2012 .四川)At school, some students are active _________ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another. A. while B. although C. so D. as (4)(2012.湖南) _________I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. Once C. If D. Until (5) _________ I accept that he is not perfect,l do actually like the person. A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless (6)We were swimming in the lake _________ (suddenly) the storm started. A. when B. while C. until D. before
(7)I do every single bit of housework _________my husband Mr. Li just does the dishes now and then. A. since B. while C. when D. as ▲[总结]高考热点：①while“尽管；虽然／而、却??” ②when 这时 Section Three:今日脱口，迎战高考 1．老师看起来很难过，学生们都难过地望着老师。 2．随着人口逐渐增多，世界似乎变得更小了。 3．经过多年的艰苦奋斗，他的理想终于实现了。 4．一方面他很有才华，另一方面他又很懒。 5．我们要把我们的光荣传统一代一代传下去。 6．我已向那家公司申请工作了。 7．申请者们正在专心致志地填写申请表。 8．你今天走还是明天走没有多大关系。 9．我搞不懂这首诗的意思，因为它根本就讲不通。 10．我正在专心读书，这时我听到有人呼救。
巩固练习 · 能力提升
I．单项填空 1. Was it John's quick action and knowledge of first aid________ saved Ms Slade's life? A. that B. where C. which D. why 2. We don't think your proposal to be so we can't accept it. A. quite in place B. very in place C. quite in its place D. quite in our place 3. She knows how to make full use of her time and her parents never put on her to work hard. A. force B. pressure C. burden D. weight 4. The famous actress became , and couldn't say a word when asked about her father, who passed away only last month. A. choked B.frightened C. swelled D. squeezed 5. As a child,he was so fond of reading that he read every book he could put his on. A. hands B. arms C. mind D. heart 6. He's going to hospital in Beijing for special , and there they have good medical care. A. training B. cure C. disease D. treatment 7. You have to be accurate in this job,because a small mistake can make a big ___. A. difference B.difficulty C. trouble D. change
8. When for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked 9. Film has a much shorter history,especially when such art forms as music and painting. A. having compared to B. comparing to C. compare to D. compared to 10. Once a decision has been made,all of us should it. A. direct to B. stick to C. lead to D. refer to 11. John was with his award at a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another. A. provided B. supplied C. presented D. charged 12. An earthquake hit the southeast of the country,causing 6 deaths and hundreds of . A. injuries B. wounds C. damage D. hurt 13. Fever is a of many illnesses. So I suggest you take it seriously and see a doctor as soon as possible. A. message B. symptom C. label D. clue 14. As the young generation,we should never forget those who the success of the revolution. A. bled for B. bleeded for C. fighting for D. bled to 15. Remove clothing using scissors unless it is stuck to the burn. A. if necessary B. if possible C. if so D. even if so Ⅱ．完形填空 There was a very special teacher who made a far-reaching difference in my life. Fall, 1959, the first day of class at Bethesda Chevy Chase High School was about to begin. “Who", I asked a senior, "is Mrs. McNamara, my l0th grade English teacher?" He just 16 and said something about my being in 17 . Soon, I understood what he meant. Mrs. McNamara had a pattern of 18 that she repeated again and again. We would have a literature reading task for 19 . The next day, when we came to class,there would be two or three topics on the blackboard 20 to the homework reading. We were 21 to write an in-class essay about one of the topics. The following day, she would 22 the corrected and graded essays and each person would be called 23 to stand in front of the class and to 24 his/her essay. They class were required to criticize (评论) that essay, 25 the grade of everyone in class would be reduced. The first time that I 26 her read-write-criticize method, I had not 27 to do the homework and had written something without knowing what it meant, 28 the extreme embarrassment I suffered9 standing before my classmates, 29 myself. No one laughed at me;no one would be 30 enough, or foolish enough, to do that in Mrs. McNamara's class. The embarrassment came from 31 and along with it came a strong 32 not to let it happen again. Mrs. McNamara kept all of our written work in files; it was easy to see the 33 in writing that had occurred. What was not so easy to see was the inner transformation that had taken place, at least for me. What Mrs. McNamara 34 me to do was to see myself as others see me and, having done that, I could improve myself. And I 35 . Thank you, Mrs. McNamara. 16. A. nodded B. Laughed C. apologized D. shouted 17. A. trouble B. sorrow C. danger D. anger
18. A. behaviour 19. A. review 20. A. added 21. A. expected 22. A. collect 23. A. on purpose 24. A. talk through 25. A. so 26. A. tried 27. A. undertaken 28. A. Remember 29. A. playing jokes on 30. A. brave 31. A. above 32. A. tendency 33. A. improvements 34. A. trusted 35. A. did Ⅲ．阅读理解
B. evaluation B. performance B. related B. persuaded B. return B. at first B. hand over B. and B. adopted B. attempted B. Predict B. making a fool of B. careless B. within B. preference B. pains B. invited B. could
C. activity D. thought C. practice D. homework C. contributed D. compared C. allowed D. advised C. send D. receive C. by chance D. in turn C. read out D. show off C. but D. or C. examined D. experienced C. bothered D. hesitated C. Bear D. Imagine C. setting a trap for D. taking advantage of C. proud D. selfish C. behind D. Below C. determination D. sense C. difficulties D. advantages C. forced D. permitted C. had D. would
A It is 7 o'clock in the morning. You check yourself in the mirror,adjust your collar,and consider the busy day ahead. But at least you know that the stress won't damage your health, for this is no ordinary set of clothes you are wearing. Set within the fabric are numerous sensors, constantly monitoring your vital signs. If danger signs are detected the garment is programmed to contact your doctor and send a text message telling you to take it easy. Garments that can measure a wearer's body temperature or trace their heart activity are just entering the market, but the European project BIOTEX weaves new functions into smart textiles. Miniaturized biosensors in a textile patch can now analyze body fluids,even a tiny drop of sweat,and provide a much better assessment of someone's health. Jean Luprano,a researcher at the Swiss Centre for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM), coordinates the BIOTEX project. “One of the most obvious applications for smart fabrics is in the medical field, ” he says. “ There has been a good deal of progress with physiological measurements,body temperature or electrocardiograms (心电图). But no one has yet developed biochemical sensing techniques that can take measurements from fluids like sweat and blood. We are developing a suite of sensors that can be integrated into a textile patch. The patch is a sensing and processing unit,adaptable to target different body fluids and biochemical species. At the very least9 some basic biochemical analyses could complement the physiological measurements that can already be monitored. In some circumstances, fluidic analysis may be the only way to get information on a patients' health status. ” 36. What is the text mainly about? A. Smart clothes that track your health. B. How to make your day stress free. C. New advancement in the medical field. D. Biochemical sensing techniques. 37. The first paragraph is written to . A. describe a common scene in people's life B. introduce the topic of the passage
C. tell us to have a smooth start of our day D. predict the new garments to appear 38. The new function of the smart garment is that it can . A. make physiological measurements of a patient B. take one's body temperature C. take electrocardiograms of a patient D. take measurements from fluids 39. Garments mentioned in the passage are probably most useful in the field of . A. education B. medicine C. environment D. fashion 40. The underlined word“Miniaturised”is closest in meaning to . A. smart B. visible C. tiny D. sensitive B (2012.山东卷) San Francisco has its cable cars. Seattle has its Space Needle. And, Longview has its squirrel bridge. The bridge, which has attracted international attention,is now a local landmark. The Nutty Narrows Bridge was built in 1963 by a local builder,Amos Peters,to give squirrels a way to cross the busy road without getting flattened by passing cars. The original bridge was built over Olympia Way on the west edge of the library grounds. Before the bridge was built, squirrels had to avoid traffic to and from the Park Plaza office building where office staff put out a nutty feast for the squirrels. Many times, Peters and others who worked in and near Park Plaza witnessed squirrels being run over. One day Peters found a dead squirrel with a nut still in its mouth,and that day's coffee break discussion turned into squirrel safety. The group of businessmen cooked up the squirrel bridge idea and formed a committee to ask the blessing of the City Council(市政会). The Council approved, and Councilwoman Bess LaRiviere jokingly named the bridge “Nutty Narrows”. After architects designed the bridge, Amos Peters and Bill Hutch started construction. They built the 60-foot bridge from aluminum and lengths of fire hose c 消防水带). It cost $ 19000. It didn't take long before reports of squirrels using the bridge started. Squirrels were even seen guiding their young and teaching them the ropes. The story was picked up by the media, and Nutty Narrows became known in newspapers all over the world. In 1983, after 20 years of use,Peters took down the wornout bridge. Repairs were made and crosspieces were replaced. The faded sign was repainted and in July 1983,hundreds of animal lovers attended the completion ceremony of the new bridge. Peters died in 1984,and a ten-foot wooden squirrel sculpture was placed near the bridge in memory of its builder and his devotion to the project. 41. The Nutty Narrows Bridge was built in order to . A. offer squirrels a place to eat nuts B. set up a local landmark C. help improve traffic D. protect squirrels 42. What happened over the coffee break discussion? A. The committee got the Council's blessing. B. The squirrel bridge idea was born, C. A councilwoman named the bridge. D. A squirrel was found dead. 43.What does the underlined phrase “teaching them the ropes”probably mean in the text? A. Passing them a rope. B. Directing them to store food for winter. C. Teaching them a lesson. D. Showing them how to use the bridge. 44. Which of the following is true of the squirrel bridge? A. It was replaced by a longer one. B. It was built from wood and metal. C. It was rebuilt after years of use. D.It was designed by Bill Hutch.
45. What can we learn about Amos Peters? A. He is remembered for his love of animals. B. He donated $ 1,000 to build the bridge. C. He was a member of the City Council. D. He was awarded a medal for building the bridge. Ⅳ．阅读表达 Recently some American scientists have given a useful sincere piece of advice to people in industrialized nations that they would be much healthier if they ate more of the same kind of food eaten by humans living more than 10,000 years ago. The scientists say that the human body has changed greatly. Our bodies have not been able to deal with these changes in lifestyle and this has led to new kinds of sickness. These new sickness were not known in ancient times. So they are called “diseases of civilization”. Many cancers and diseases of the blood system,including heart attacks and stroke are examples of such diseases. Scientists noted that people in both the old Stone Age and the New Stone Age enjoyed very little alcohol or tobacco, probably none. Ancient people also got a great deal of physical exercise, but a change in food is one of the main differences between life in ancient times and that of today. Stone-age people hunted wild animals for their meat,which had much less fat than domestic or tame ones. They also ate a lot of fresh wild vegetables and fruits. They did not have milk or any other dairy products, and they made very little use of grains. But today, we eat a large amount of these. We eat six times more salt than our remote ancestors. We eat more sugar. We eat twice as much fat but only one third as much protein and much less vitamin(维生素) C. People today probably do not want to live the way people thousands of years ago did,but scientists say that we would be much healthier if we ate much the same way our remote ancestors did,cutting the amount of fatty,salty and sweet food. 46. What's the best title of the passage? (Within 5 words) 47. What lifestyles do people have today? (List 4 aspects within 15 words) (1) (2) (3) (4) 48. The main idea of Par. 4. (Within 5 words) 49. What does the world“domestic” mean? (Line 2 Par. 4) 50. What do scientists advise people to do? (Within 15 words)