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倒装句


而是表示种类;而第二个空中的the sort of wool =the wool ,表示特指的某种。

1 倒装句之全部倒装

全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全 部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与 一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的 结构有: 1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常 用be, come, go, lie, run。

1) There goes the bell. 2) Then came the chairman. 3) Here is your letter.

注 意
(1) There it goes. (2) Then he came. (3) Here you are.

2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语 置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。 1. Out rushed a missile from under the bomber. 2. Ahead sat an old woman.

注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主
语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词 则不能完全倒装。 1. Here he comes. 2. Away they went.

2. 倒装句之部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动 词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中 的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需 添加助动词do, does或did,并将 其置于主语之前。 1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语, 如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

1). Never have I seen such a performance.

2). Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.
3). Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 当Not until引出
主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。 1)I have never seen such a performance.
2) The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.

典型例题

1) Why can't I smoke here? At no time___ in the meetingroom A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit

答案 A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句 首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.

3 以否定词开头作部分倒装
如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than 1) Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender. 2) Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her. 3) No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

注意:not only…but also… 连 接两个并列分句时,第一个分句 应使用部分倒装。

Not only does he do well in his lessons, but also he often helps others with their lessons.

典型例题

1) No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began B. has the game begun C. did the game begin D. had the game begun

答案 D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时,一 般采用倒装句(谓语前置)。这类表示否定意义的 词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及 not only…but (also), no sooner…than, hardly… when scarcely… when 等等。

注意: 只有当Not only… but also连接两 个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装 结构。如果置于句首的Not only… but also仅连接两个并列词语,不 可用倒装结构。 E.g.: Not only you but also I am fond of music.

4 so, neither, nor作部分倒装 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒 装。 1) Tom can speak French. So can Jack. 2) If you won't/don’t go, neither will I.

典型例题

1) ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother? ---I don't know, _____. A. nor don‘t I care B. nor do I care C. I don‘t care neither D. I don't care also

答案:B. nor为增补意思"也不关心",因 此句子应倒装。A错在用 don't 再次否定, C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏 连词。

注意: 当so引出的句子用以对上文 内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒 装结构。意为"的确如此"。 1)Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.

2) ---It‘s raining hard. ---So it is.

5. only在句首要倒装的情况

1) Only in this way, can you learn English well. 2) Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting. 3) Only then did I realize the importance of English.

注意: 如果句子为主从复合句,则 主句倒装,从句不倒装 Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed. 但如果only修饰的是句子的其它成 分,则无需倒装。如: Only socialism can save China. (only修饰的是句子的主 语,故仍用正常语序。)

6. as, though 引导的倒装句

as / though引导的让步从句必须 将表语或状语提前 (形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前)。 注意: 1)句首名词不能带任何冠词。 2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在 主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状 语, 随实义动词一起放在主语之前。

e.g.: Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. 注意: 让步状语从句中,有though, although时,后面的主句不能有 but,但是 though 和yet可连用。

Child as he is (=Although he is a child), he can tell right from wrong.
注意: 如果名词前有形容词修饰时,as 引导的 倒装句中要保留不定冠词。

A bad-tempered man as he is , =(Although he is a bad-tempered man), he loves me deeply.

7. 其他部分倒装

1)so… that 句型中的so 位于句首 时,需倒装。 e.g.: So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

2) 在某些表示祝愿的句型中: May you all be happy. 3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动 词有were, had, should等词,可 将if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。 e.g.: 1. Were I you, I would try it again. 2. Had I seen him, I would have invited him.

9.“你喜欢唱歌。” “我确实喜欢。” A. “You like singing.” “So I do.” B. “You like singing.” “So do I.” C. “You like singing.” “I do so.”

10.只有他会说日语。 A. Only he can speak Japanese. B. Only can he speak Japanese. C. Only can speak he Japanese.


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