2012—2013 学年度高三英语模拟试题(二) （中职类）
命题人:邓梦菲 Ⅰ. 选择题（本大题共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 从每题所给的四个选项中，选出一个可以填入题中空白处的最佳选项。 1. The factory was built in a secret place, around _________ high mountains. A.
which was B. it was C. which were D. them were 2. All finished, we sat down to enjoy _____we thought the most delicious dinner. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 3. I don’t know the reason _____ you were absent from the meeting, but I am sure that someone will tell me the reason _____ you haven’t told me. A. why; that B. that; why C. because; which D. of which; that 4. He knew the files could be of help to _____ took over the job. A. whoever B. whomever C. whatever D. whosever 5. It was the belief _____ Alex Haley could find his “root” in Africa _____ made him decide to go to Gambia. A. that; where B. where; that C. that; that D. how; which 6. They would not allow him_____ across the enemy line. A. to risk going B. risking to go C. for risk to go D. risk going 7._____ we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. A. For now B. Since that C. Now that D. By now 8.—Since you like the fur coat so much， why not buy it? —Well, I can’t afford_____ coat. A. that expensive a B. that an expensive C. so expensive D. such expensive. 9. — Could you be so kind as to close the window? —_____. A. With pleasure B. Go ahead C. Yes, please D. That’s OK 10. _____ seems to _____ something wrong with her eyes. A. It; have B. That; is C. There; have D. There; be 11. _____ is the best singer in your class? A. Do you think whom B. Do you think who C. Who do you think D. Whom do you think 12. We ought to make friends with such people _____ are kind and hard working. A. who B. as C. that D. whom 13. — You haven’t been to Shanghai, have you? —_____. But how I wish_____ there! A. Yes, I have; to go B. Yes, I haven’t; to go C. No, I have; I had gone D. No, I haven’t; I had gone 14. Was_____ at the air battle on June 8, 1994, _____was led by Captain Johnson _____ Peter lost his life? A. it; when; that B. that; that; who C. it; which; that D. it; which; when 15. —Will you go to Mary’s birthday party?
—No. _____ invited, I can’t go. I’ll be too busy then. A. If B. Unless C. Even if D. When 16. —Where ____ my umbrella? —Somebody ____ it away by mistake. A. is, must have taken B. is, must take C. have been, must take D. is, takes 17. The party ended up with a failure. I would rather ____the party. A. not have attended B. not attend C. not to attend D. not to have attended 18. If they _________ to do this work, he might do it some other way. A. were B. should C. will D. can 19. Maybe you have been to many countries，but nowhere else ________such a beautiful palace． A. can you find B. you could find C. you can find D. could you find 20. ___ some officials, Napoleon inspected his army. A. Followed B. Followed by C. Being followed D. Having been followed by Ⅱ. 完形填空（本大题共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文， 从短文后所给各小题的四个备选项中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 使短文意思通顺，前后连贯。
Most people agree that fencing（击剑）is one sport in which a person must be at least thirty years old before he learns all he needs to know about the sport. 21 Clark Summers of the University of Detroit has 22 that this doesn’t always have to be 23 . Clark is a different kind of fencer in a lot of 24 . He is American, while most fencers are from the 25 of Europe. He is black while most fencers in the past have been 26 . And he is 27 twenty-two years old. Many people 28 that Clark is the most promising fencer in this country today. Although he is young, he has been able to 29 the necessary skills. Already he has won a number of fencing contests（竞赛） 30 older fencers. He is almost 31 to become a member of the U.S. Olympic fencing team! “There is no 32 danger in fencing today,” Clark says, “But I never 33 that fencing was not always a sport. In the old days, people fenced to 34 a quarrel. Each match was a matter of 35 . If that 36 true in the matches I 37 in today, every touch against me would mean that I 38 wounded or killed. So I try to play 39 I were fencing for my life. I don’t like the idea of being 40 . 21. A. And B. But C. Then D. So 22. A. heard B. thought C. shown D. suggested 23. A. true B. wrong C. clear D. clever 24. A. means B. sports C. ways D. times 25. A. countries B. east C. west D. schools 26. A. brave B. strong C. white D. young 27. A. at least B. not C. already D. only 28. A. expect B. think C. hope D. find
29. A. master B. know 30. A. with B. over 31. A. ready B. able 32. A. large B. such 33. A. think B. forget 34. A. make B. pick 35. A. joy and sorrow C. success and failure 36. A. came B. was 37. A. play B. go 38. A. would get B. were 39. A. even if B. even as 40. A. a fencer B. a winner
C. improve D. study C. against D. for C. going D. certain C. real D. little C. agree D. remember C. start D. settle B. life and death D. brightness and darkness C. is D. will be C. work D. stay C. was D. had been C. as ever D. as if C. missed D. killed
Ⅲ. 单句指错（本大题共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 请指出标有 A、B、C、D 的单词或短语中用法错误的一项。
41. How could you make such a little child to help carry the big box? A B C D 42. I really appreciate you recommended me to that company in time. A B C D 43. I can’t tell who she is, for her name sounds unfamiliar with me. A B C D 44. Looking from another angle, the painting would show something different. A B C D 45. “ Never I have heard such a thing in my life!” said the old lady. A B C D 46. Three-fourth of his money has been spent on buying the imported car. A B C D 47. I have learned to absorb the whole sentence without trying to translate it word to A B C word into Chinese. D 48. It was in the afternoon of May 1 that I saw the poor man begging at the railway A B C D station. 49. I will always remember the days when I spent in the countryside with those sweet A B C D flowers and fresh air everywhere. 50. The foreign visitors expressed their thanks to the company for inviting to the A B C D meeting.
Ⅳ. 阅读理解（本大题共 25 小题，每小题 2 分，共 50 分） 阅读下面短文，每篇文章后面有五个小题，请从每小题给出的四个备选项中，选出最佳 答案。
Why don’t birds get lost on their long flights from one place to another? Scientists have been puzzled over this question for many years. Now they’re beginning to fill in the blank. Not long ago, experiments showed that birds rely on the sun to guide them during daylight hours. But what about birds that fly by night? Tests with artificial（人 工的）stars have proved certain night-flying birds are able to follow the stars in their long-distance flights. A dove had spent its lifetime in a cage and had never flown under a natural sky. Yet it showed an inborn ability to use the stars for guidance. The bird’s cage was placed under an artificial star-filled sky. The bird tried to fly in the same direction as that taken by his outdoor cousins. Any change in the position of the artificial stars caused a change in the direction of his flight. But the stars are apparently their principal means of navigation. When the stars are hidden by clouds, they apparently find their way by such landmarks as mountain ranges, coast lines, and river courses. But when it’s too dark to see these, the doves circle helplessly, unable to find their way. 51. The reasons why birds don’t get lost on long flights _____. A. have been known to scientists for years B. have only recently been discovered C. are known almost by everyone D. will probably remain a mystery 52. During daylight hours, birds _____. A. fly aimlessly B. rely on landmarks C. use sun for guidance D. are most likely to get lost 53. By “his outdoor cousins” [Para. 3] the author means _____. A. the doves that are caged outside B. the doves under the natural sky C. the other doves of the same kind D. other birds in general 54. The experiments with the dove indicated that some birds _____. A. have to be set free to fly B. have to fly under the sun C. will fly along the coast line D. follow the stars at night 55. In total darkness, dove _____. A. lost their way B. fly back home helplessly C. fly by searching D. wait for the stars to appear Passage Two For almost two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the President, the United States government, and the American people. Its history, and the history of the nation’s capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district “not exceeding ten miles square… on the river Potomac.” President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L’ Enfant, chose the site for the new residence, which is now 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition was held to find a builder of the “President’s House”. Nine proposals were submitted, and Irish-born architect James Hoban won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design.
Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw（监督）the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in. Since that time, each President has made his own changes and additions. The White House is not only private home. It is also the only private residence of a head of state that is open to the public, free of charge. 56. The White House is the symbol of the _____ in the United States. A. freedom B. happiness C. government D. peace 57. The construction of the White House was completed in _____. A. 1789 B. 1790 C. 1792 D. 1800 58. Which of the following is TRUE? A. President Washington was the first president that moved into the White House. B. The White House had hardly been changed since it was completed. C. The White House is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. D. The public can pay to visit the White House. 59. This article is mainly about _____. A. the symbol of the White House B. how the White House was built C. the history of the White House D. the presidents living in the White House 60. Irish-born architect James Hoban won the competition because _____. A. he planned the city well B. his design was the best of all C. he was practical and handsome D. his preparations were overseen by the president Passage Three Leisure plays an important part in British life. There are four main reasons for this. First of all, people spend less time working now than they used to, mostly due to the introduction of new technology in industry. The normal British working week is Monday to Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., although some people regularly work a few hours’ overtime each week. Secondly, all working people get a minimum of two weeks’ paid holiday a year. In addition, there are six or more bank holidays a year when all banks and businesses are closed. In some cases the dates of these national holidays change from year to year and in different parts of Britain. Another reason is that, thanks to modern medicine and higher living standards, people live longer now. This means that after retirement, people have quite a few years of leisure left. Nowadays a much greater part of the population is over sixty, but in this group there are more women than men. Finally, fewer babies are born each year and the average family in Britain has two children. This is one result of changing social attitudes. For example, more married women now go out to work. The money they earn influences their leisure time. Even married women who do not go out to work have more time for interesting hobbies because most British homes have washing-machines, vacuum cleaners and
other labor-saving gadgets. 61. In this article “leisure” [Para. 1] means time for _____. A. enjoyment B. creation C. amusement D. rest 62. “A paid holiday” [Para. 3] means working people _____. A. have to pay for their holiday B. have no pay when they are on holiday C. get usual pay when they are on holiday D. get less pay when they are on holiday 63. Among the old people, there are _____. A. as many men as women B. more women than men C. more men than women D. as few women as men 64. In Britain, married women have more leisure hours because they have_____. A. longer holidays than before B. a lot of time at home C. more labor-saving gadgets D. work with a good pay 65. Which of the following ideas is NOT suggested in the text? A. Some married women have more time for work. B. Some married women have interesting hobbies. C. Some married women go out to work. D. Some married women stay at home. Passage Four On July 16, 1995, a new book store opened in the American city of Seattle. No one stepped inside to buy anything. Yet the store, if you could call it that, had sold last year of seven thousand million dollars. Ten years ago, few people bought things over the Internet. Few thought it was safe. Amazon-dot-com changed many people’s minds. Ten years later, an estimated seven out of ten American adults have used a computer to buy something. Market researchers at ComScore Networks estimate online spending last year was 117,000 million dollars. That was for goods and travel services. The person who started Amazon, Jeffrey Bezos, remains its leader. In 1990s, he urged employees to help Amazon “get big fast”. Yet Amazon invested in many similar businesses that failed. Amazon lost plenty of money. It did not make a profit until 2003. Its most recent profit and earnings report, released last week, was better than what many market watchers had expected. Today people can buy not just books and music but also many other products through Amazon. It competes with EBay, which celebrated its tenth birthday in September. EBay calls itself “the world’s online marketplace”. It does not sell anything. Instead, it provides a way for others to sell goods and services. People who want to buy something make competing offers through online auctions. EBay has grown to include several other businesses. These include Pay Pal, a company that processes online payments. As online sellers grew, traditional stores saw the future. Today, stores from the smallest to the biggest sell on the Internet. These include the biggest of all, Wal-Mart.
66. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Only big companies sell things on the Internet. B. Amazon hardly succeeded in business. C. Wal-Mart sells things on the Internet. D. Pay Pal sells books on the Internet. 67. Amazon is _____. A. a traditional book store B. an online marketplace C. a market watcher D. a supermarket 68. EBay _____. A. provides a way for people to sell goods and services B. will expand its business in the near future C. sells the same things as Amazon does D. is not successful in doing business 69. What’s this article mainly about? A. Amazon’s business success over the Internet. B. The history of Amazon. C. The importance of the Internet for our life. D. Online buying. 70. From this article, we may learn that _____. A. people are open to the new things B. Wal-Mart is the best supermarket on the Internet C. it’s easy to earn money on the Internet D. more companies are using the Internet to do business Passage Five Over the past year we offered advice to foreign students who wanted to attend an American college or university. Today we tell about a way to study in the United States for less time and less money. The International Student Exchange Program was started in 1979. ISEP is a group of colleges and universities around the world. They cooperate to provide international educational experiences for their students. Two hundred sixty schools in the United States and thirty-five other countries are members of the program. More than twenty-four thousand students have taken part. Students can study for up to one year in the United States or any of the other countries involved 相关的） Students do not have to go through the usual application （ . process to get into a school. And they pay only what they would have to pay for a term at their own school at home. To take part in the ISEP program, students must attend a member college or university. Each school has an ISEP coordinator 合作者） This person helps students （ . apply to the ISEP office in Washington D.C. To be accepted, students must have good grades. They must also provide TOEFL scores. TOEFL is the Test of English as a Foreign Language. Students are asked to list up to ten choices of American schools they would like t attend. Officials at the ISEP office then place students in the openings offered in colleges and universities. ISEP officials say students who want to study in a foreign country generally do
so during their third or fourth year of college. Students are advised to begin preparations at least one year before they want to experience the program. Applications must be sent to Washington by February of each year. The students accepted can then begin their year in the United States in September. 71. According to the passage, ISEP _____. A. is in the United States B. is a college C. is extremely difficult to be admitted D. provides international educational experiences 72. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The International Student Exchange Program was started in 1979. B. Everyone must get into a school through the application process. C. The United States is one of the countries where students can study. D. The money paid for the program is the same as that at their own school. 73. In order to take part in the program, students have to do all of the following EXCEPT _____. A. attending a member college B. having good grades C. providing TOEFL scores D. offering financial condition 74. We can know from the passage that _____. A. it takes about one year for students to prepare for the program B. students often prepare for the program in the first year of college C. it does not matter whether you send your application or not D. students can choose as many schools as they want 75. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to attend foreign school. B. How to get good marks in the ISEP. C. How to take part in ISEP. D. How to take part in TOEFL.
Ⅴ. 书面表达（25 分）
春天是旅游的好季节。某外语学校校长要求各班同学就春游一事展开讨论。 讨论的主题是： 学校要不要组织学生春游。校长还要求班长就讨论的情况用英语 写一篇有关情况给他。 假定你是某班班长张健，请你根据下面表格中的信息客观 地介绍讨论的情况。 注意：1. 信的开头已为你写好；2. 词数：100 左右；3. 生词：拓宽 broaden . 70% 的学生赞成 30% 的学生反对 1. 可以领略大自然的优美风景 1. 时间紧，耽误学习 2. 增加父母经济负担 理由 2. 拓宽视野，增长知识 3. 呼吸新鲜空气，有益于身体健康 3. 担心安全 你的观点 Dear Headmaster， I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had on whether the school should organize a spring outing for the students. _____ Yours truly， Zhang Jian