黄浦区 2015 年高考模拟考 英 语 试 卷
（完卷时间： 120 分钟
2015 年 4 月 21 日下午
满分： 150 分）
（共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: I
n Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. In a school. B. In a studio. C. In a zoo. D. In a hospital. 2. A. Shop assistant and customer. B. Manager and employee. C. Doctor and patient. D. Student and teacher. 3. A. Because she doesn’t like the flat. B. Because she needs a better roommate. C. Because the present flat is too small. D. Because it’s cheaper to live in the dormitory. 4. A. To solve a computer problem. B. To apply for the job. C. To design a new program. D. To ask about the salary. 5. A. She is accustomed to singing in public. B. She will not sing any more in public. C. She is afraid to sing before large audience. D. She likes singing for people very much. 6. A. An art museum. B. A beautiful park. C. A college campus. D. An architectural exhibition. 7. A. Because she has enough sports at work. B. Because she usually comes back home too late. C. Because she has no sports facilities at home. D. Because she isn’t used to doing housework at night. 8. A. He’ll go to the cinema with the woman. B. He’ll go out to see a wonderful show. C. He will watch the “Running Man” show on TV. D. He will take part in the most fascinating program. 9. A. She is having a job interview. B. She is starting her own company. C. She is interested in shopping. D. She is looking for the sales manager. 10. A. He is quite pleased with his neighbor’s removal. B. He thinks moving to the south is not a good choice. C. His neighbor is moving to the south in some ways. D. He feels a little disappointed at his neighbor’s removal.
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Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. His novels seem to get more popular and sell well. B. The ideals like truth and justice can be found in his novels. C. His novels have attractive characters in grand historical background. D. About 50 of his novels have been made into movies and TV series. 12. A. A diplomat. B. A translator. C. An editor. D. A writer. 13. A. To learn from classic literature. B. To set complex adventure plots. C. To show off his beautiful language. D. To promote traditional Chinese virtues. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. China has over 2,200 newspapers. B. China has over 9,000 magazines. C. There are 309 local radio stations. D. There are about 306 TV stations. 15. A. Xinhua News Agency is one of the nongovernmental news agencies. B. Xinhua News Agency has more than 100 branch offices across the world. C. The head offices of the two main news agencies are in different cities. D. China News Service mainly supplies news to domestic Chinese. 16. A. CCTV is a complete system with movie production and transmission. B. CCTV is the largest and most powerful international high-tech agency. C. CCTV has business relations with over 350 television organizations. D. CCTV has extended its business to more than 130 countries and regions. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
The rate for __17__: How much to exchange: The bank’s special offer: How to exchange: 645 to buy and 649 to sell To exchange __18__ dollars for RMB. The bank will not __19__ 2% service fee for the exchange over 250 dollars. In __20__ and some small change for the rest.
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Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What should the students do first? Why should the students type in their email address? What should the students type in the search box? How many results have the students got after they type in “__24__”? II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Positive thinking can help you win. Some athletes can reach great goals such as the achievement of an Olympic gold medal. Others never live up to their promise. What kind of preparation before (25)_______ race or other event makes the difference? Everyone knows that athletes spare no effort (26)_______ (strengthen) their bodies. But researches show that strengthening the mind may be just as important. Careful study indicates that the best athletes win partly (27)_______ they think they can win. Thinking positive thoughts seems to give the possibility for success in sports. People who say to themselves over and over “I know I (28)_______ do this. ” often find they have the advantage to win. On the other hand, people often fail who think “I can’t win.” One procedure (29)_______ helps many athletes is creating pictures in the mind. They are told to think of each move they must do. Some use more fanciful pictures. One skater liked to imagine a star bursting inside her, (30)_______(fill) her with energy. Another athlete who wanted to feel calm pictured himself as a bird floating in the air. Next time you want to make progress, try training your mind to help you. Perhaps a teacher or other instructor can help you plan your training. If you imagine yourself doing (31)_______ (well), you may soon see improvement in (32)_______ you really can do. Positive thinking and pictures created in your mind can help you win! To find a good website and __21__ its home page. To get an email __22__. __23__. There are 1,543 results.
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(B) Two British colonies Australia, the last continent, was discovered by ships belonging to some European nations in the 17th century. These nations were less interested in changing it into a colony than exploring it. As in the early history of the United States, it was the English (33)_______ set up the settlements in America. This history and the geography of these two British colonies have some (34)_______ things in common. Australia and the United States are about equal in size, and neither of their western lands are rich in soil. It was along the eastern coast of Australia and America that the English first settled, and both colonies soon began to develop towards the west. However, this Westward Movement took place more because the English (35)_______ (search) for better land than because the population was increasing. Settlements of the western part of both countries developed quickly after gold (36)_______ (discover) in America in 1849 and in Australia two years later. Although the development of these two countries has a lot in common, there are some striking differences as well. The United States gained its independence from England by revolution while Australia won its independence without (37)______ (go) to war. Australia, firstly (38)_______ (turn) into a colony by English prisoners, was unlike the United States, and its economic development was in wheat growing and sheep raising. By 1922, for example, Australia had fifteen times more sheep than it had people, or almost half as many sheep as there are people now in the United States. Yet, (39)_______ _______ _______ these and other main differences, Australia and the United States have more in common with each other than either one (40)_______ (have) with the rest of the world. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. benefit F. evolution B. welcome G. lasting C. familiar H. reputation D. reach I. goal E. setting J. introducing K. work
Whenever I travel, I meet international leaders who have studied in Britain. These energetic, intelligent people chose Britain because we offer high quality higher education. This is good news for the UK. People who are educated here have a __41__ tie to our country. They promote Britain around the world, helping our trade and our diplomacy. It is easier for our executives and our diplomats to do business with people __42__ with Britain. British exports of education and training are worth some eight billion pounds a year. Money feeds into our institutions and helps our __43__ to open up opportunities for more people to study. Our young people also __44__. They gain from the doors in the world which contact with international students. We can teach, but we can also learn from others. Nowadays, we are launching a long-term strategy to strengthen the United Kingdom as a first choice for the quality of study and the quality of our __45__ to international students. This
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will be a UK-wide and a Government-wide effort. We are __46__ a package of measures to help encourage students from overseas to study in the UK. We will offer international students more open doors. … We have the measures in place, but we are also __47__ tough targets for recruitment(招募). We want to have 25 percent of the global market share of higher education students and we want to increase the number of international students studying in Further Education institutions by 100 percent. Our aim is to __48__ these targets in 5 years. Tough targets, but deliverable. While giving these undertakings, I also want to lay down a challenge to others. To business—I ask you to __49__ with the British Council overseas to market education. And to universities and colleges—I ask you to live up to your __50__, to professionalise your approach, to deliver a quality education to overseas students that encourages involvement and rises to the challenge of our competitors, to work as partners together.
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The United States does not have a government office that regulates the film industry. Government, __51__, does link with the movie business in several ways. In the United States, films generally come from two __52__ : large studios that produce many films and television programs each year and independent filmmakers, including both students and experienced filmmakers. Sometimes — through grants from universities or arts or humanities councils—independent filmmakers do receive __53__ indirectly from funding that originated with the local, state, or federal government, but more often funding comes from private investors or through charity organizations __54__ either promotion of arts or promotion of a cause being addressed by a film. While there is no __55__ of film, there are many government offices that interact with the film industry. At the state and local levels, government film offices promote local film locations because use of their locale brings employment and other __56__ advantages to promote local tourist sites. These offices also help filmmakers work with the police and others to __57__ filming that impacts traffic, uses public buildings, or otherwise needs special consideration. __58__, government organizations, especially the branches of the military, have offices that help coordinate（协调） filmmakers’ use of facilities, equipment, and even personnel. It would be __59__, for example, for a filmmaker to construct a make-believe aircraft carrier or to hire a cast of extras to be in the __60__ of a movie who look like real soldiers, sailors, airmen, or marines (whose haircuts, fitness levels, and posture are often different from that of civilian (群众) actors). The military is willing to make their facilities __61__, within reason, for approved projects, and each branch has an office that handles these requests. Other branches of the government __62__ requests to use public spaces and buildings, such as monuments or parks. Many years ago, the U.S. government did produce quite a few feature films and worked closely — 5 —
with Hollywood on films that would encourage public morale during wartime. However, since World War II, these programs have been __63__ due to a combination of budgetary and philosophical concerns. The United States Information Agency, __64__, for many years produced films for exhibition to overseas audiences to complement its other educational programs. One such film, John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums, a posthumous contribution to the president, even won the 1965 Academy Award for best documentary. This __65__, now a part of the U.S. Department of State, no longer produces such feature films. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. A. therefore A. factors A. criticism A. regarded as A. ministry A. educational A. cooperate with A. Hopefully A. flexible A. industry A. academic A. address A. promoted A. for example A. agent B. moreover B. sources B. invitation B. compared to B. feature B. economic B. focus on B. Similarly B. impatient B. background B. artificial B. introduce B. initiated B. by contrast B. program C. however C. studios C. support C. made of C. promotion C. enormous C. arrange for C. Surprisingly C. neutral C. civilization C. available C. receive C. eliminated C. in reality C. director D. otherwise D. methods D. guidance D. concerned with D. need D. effective D. make up D. Obviously D. difficult D. entrance D. apparent D. propose D. highlighted D. as a whole D. organization
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A)  “Maybe when I’m 90 years old, I’ll get used to having everything I do taken for granted,” a young homemaker told a secret to her neighbor, “If Bill would compliment me once in a while, he’d make my life much happier.”  Few of us realize how much we need encouragement. Yet we must bask(沐浴于) in the warmth of approval now and then or lose our self-confidence.  All of us need to feel needed and admired. But unless we hear words of praise from someone else, how can we know that we are valued friends or co-workers?  Anyone who wants to improve his relationships with others need only show a sympathetic understanding. The way to express this understanding and to give others the feeling of importance and worthiness boils down to this: always look for something in the other person you can admire and
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praise and tell him about it.  We each have a mental picture of ourselves, a self-image. To find life reasonably satisfying, that self-image must be one we can live with, one we can like. When we are proud of our self-image, we feel confident and free to be ourselves. We function at our best. When we are ashamed of our self-image, we attempt to hide it rather than express it. We become hard to get along with.  A miracle happens to the person whose self-pride has been raised. He suddenly likes other people better. He is kinder and more cooperative with those around him. Praise is the polish that helps keep his self-image bright and sparkling.  What has this to do with your giving praise? A lot. You have the ability to perform that kind of miracle in another person. When you add to his self-pride, you make him want to like you and to cooperate with you.  In a classic bit of advice, Lord Chesterfield suggested to his son that he should follow the example of the Duke de Nivernoise: “You will recognize that he makes people pleased with him by making them first pleased with themselves.”  The effects of Praise can be great indeed. A new minister called to a church whose members were jokingly referred to as “a refrigerator” by other ministers decided against criticizing his people for their coolness toward strangers. Instead, he began welcoming visitors and telling them how friendly the members of the church were. Things gradually changed. “Praise transformed the ice-cube members into warmhearted human beings,” he said. 66. From paragraph  and paragraph  we can learn that . A. the young homemaker had a thirst for Bill’s praise B. the neighbor reminded Bill to compliment the homemaker C. it is well-known that we all need encouragement very much D. getting other people’s approval leads to losing self-confidence 67. According to the passage, we become difficult to get on with probably because . A. we want to show our self-image B. we are not satisfied with our self-image C. a miracle happens to other people D. we are ashamed of being praised 68. The example in paragraph  tells us that . A. Lord Chesterfield advised his son to praise the Duke de Nivernois B. the Duke de Nivernois made Lord Chesterfield pleased with his son C. praising other people will help win other people’s compliment D. receiving words of praise should go before praising other people 69. In paragraph , “a refrigerator” was quoted probably because . A. it was always freezing cold in the church B. the new minister criticized his people coolly C. the church took the shape of a refrigerator D. the members of the church were unfriendly to strangers
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Each hour-long workshop runs twice; participate in any two of three. MONDAY, 13:00-14:00/14:00-15:00 PLANET MONEY Adam Davidson & Alex Blumberg, Co-Founders and Hosts of NPR’s Planet Money (Ballroom A) The World Behind Your T-shirt Explore the global economy through the lens of an item you wear every day—the T-shirt. We’ll follow the journey of a typical T-shirt around the world as it is produced and sold. During the journey we’ll travel across more than 20,000 miles over four continents, meeting the people that make the clothes we wear. Then, in teams you’ll create competing T-shirt companies and go through every stage of the process, from coming up with a design to assembling mock T-shirts in a simulated garment factory. Get ready! DoSomething.org April Wright, Director, International Programs Janice Tsai, International Associate (Ballroom B) 10 Social Change Ways Make You a Baller This session will expose the myth that being a social changemaker makes you a self-important achiever. Instead, we’ll highlight the 10 ways being a social changemaker which will make you probably a baller. How? We’ll share real examples of young people across the globe that are making a difference—big and small—in their communities. EdenWorks Irving Steel, International Liaison Officer, TCS Education System and Advisor at Edenworks Wang Zongying, Executive Director of the Women’s CEO Network of China Patrick Woock, Co-Founder of the International Entrepreneur Institute (Ballroom C) Is Aquaponics the Future of Food? Welcome to the future of food! Aquaponics responds to the growing need for sustainable methods of food production by taking two practices, pairing the production of fish and plants together and connecting them through an eco-system to create environmental efficiency; Aquaponics uses only 10 percent of water compared to traditional agriculture and yields 2-3 times the amount of food, without the use of chemicals and pesticides(农药). The U.S. and China use roughly half of all chemical fertilizer in the world for food production. Imagine the possibilities.
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70. Each expert workshop ____________. A. runs only once on Monday afternoon B. lasts about two or three hours a time C. is hosted by two experts in different fields D. is held in a separate ballroom 71. The workshop in Ballroom A is aimed to help the participants ____________. A. study the global economy through the lens of the T-shirt B. start the journey of a typical factory around the world C. meet the people that make the clothes which we wear D. go through every stage of assembling mock T-shirts 72. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the workshop in Ballroom B? A. April Wright and Janice Tsai will host the workshop. B. This workshop will expose the myth of a social changemaker. C. The hosts will share some real examples of young people over the world. D. You’ll learn about some big and small differences made in some communities. 73. “Aquaponics” mentioned in the last workshop probably refers to ____________. A. the introduction of future food B. a traditional agriculture method C. an eco-system for food production D. a test on chemicals and pesticides (C) The late 1980s found the landscape of popular music in America dominated by a distinctive style of rock and roll known as glam rock or hair metal—so called because of the over-styled hair, makeup, and clothes worn by the style’s shining rockers. Bands like Poison, Whitesnake, and Motley Crue popularized glam rock with their power songs and flashy style, but the product had worn thin by the early 1990s. Just as superficial as the 80s, glam rockers were shallow, short on substance, and musically inferior. In 1991, a Seattle-based band called Nirvana shocked the corporate music industry with the release of its first single, “Smells Like Teen Spirit,” which quickly became a huge hit all over the world. Nirvana had simply mainstreamed a sound and culture that got its start years before with bands like Mudhoney, Soundgarden, and Green River. Grunge(垃圾) rockers derived their fashion sense from the youth culture of the Pacific Northwest: a mixing of punk（鬅客）rock style and outdoors clothing like heavy boots, worn out jeans, and so on. At the height of the movement’s opportunity, when other Seattle bands like Pearl Jam and Alice in Chains were becoming popular, the trappings of grunge were working their way to the height of American fashion. Like the music, the teenagers were fast to accept the grunge fashion because it represented rebellion against shallow pop culture. The popularity of grunge music was momentary; by the mid- to late-1990s, its influence upon American culture had all but disappeared, and most of its recognizable bands were nowhere to be seen to the charts. The heavy sound and themes of grunge were replaced on the radio waves by boy — 9 —
bands like the Backstreet Boys, and the bubblegum pop of Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera. There are many reasons why the Seattle sound faded out of the mainstream as quickly as it rocketed to distinction, but the most glaring reason lies at the rebellion, anti-establishment heart of the grunge movement itself. It is very hard to resist the trend when you are the one setting it, and many of the grunge bands were never comfortable with the fame that was brought to them. Eventually, the simple fact that many grunge bands were so against mainstream rock stardom (明星 地位) took the movement back to where it started: underground. The fickle American mainstream public, as quick as they were to hop on to the grunge bandwagon, were just as quick to hop off and move on to something else. 74. Which of the following is TRUE according to the first paragraph? A. The landscape of popular music was dominated by rock and roll from 1980. B. The rock and roll formed a distinctive style just because of the over-styled hair. C. Glam rock became popular with the help of Poison, Whitesnake and Britney Spears. D. Glam rockers were shallow, short on substance, and their music was humble. 75. It was not long before teenagers welcomed grunge fashion because _________. A. it would represent the youth culture B. grunge rockers told them to accept it C. they were tired of Glam Rock fashion D. it resisted the shallowness of pop culture 76. What is the difference between glam rock and grunge rock? A. Glam rock was flashier, while grunge rock was rebellious. B. Glam rock appealed to teenagers, while grunge rock appealed to adults. C. Glam rock faded quickly, while grunge rock is still popular. D. Glam rock was more commercially successful than grunge rock. 77. What is the writer trying to document in this passage? A. The popularity of glam rock. B. Nirvana’s role in popularizing grunge rock. C. The rise and fall of grunge rock. D. The reasons why young people loved grunge rock. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. By the mid-19th century most of Europe was in the first stage of the demographic(人口的) transition. Death rate had decreased, as wars, famines(饥荒) and diseases had; local food shortages were rarer, thanks to better economic organization and transport; public health, medical care and the control of infectious diseases had improved. The population increased rapidly, as Malthus had predicted. Between 1800 and 1900 Europe’s population doubled, to over 400 million, whereas that of Asia, further behind in the demographic transition, increased by less than 50%, to about 950 million. — 10 —
But something else was happening there that would have taken Malthus by surprise: as people came to expect to live longer, and better, they started to have fewer children. They realised they no longer needed several babies just to ensure that two or three would survive. And as they moved from country to town, they also found that children were no longer an economic property that could be set to work at an early age, but a responsibility to be fed, housed and (some of them) educated, for years. Worse, with too many children, a mother would find it hard to take and keep a job, to add to the family income. Nor were the young any longer a guarantee against a poor old age: in the new industrial society, they were likelier to go their own way. Thanks to Europe’s newborn limitation, in the past 100 years or so its population has risen only 80%, to 730 million, and most countries’ birth rate is now so low that numbers are unchanging or falling. But their composition is very different from the past: better living standards, health condition and medical treatment are multiplying old heads, even as the number of young ones shrinks. In contrast, Asia’s population over the same time has nearly increased four times, to more than 3.6 billion. North America’s too has grown almost as fast, but largely thanks to immigration. Africa’s has multiplied 5 times, and Latin America’s nearly sevenfold. Why these differences? From around 1950, death rate in developing countries also began to fall, and much faster than it ever had in Europe. The knowledge about how to avoid premature death of small children travelled so readily that life expectancy in many poor countries is now not far behind the rich world’s. But the attitudes and values that persuade people to have fewer children are taking longer to adjust.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
78. What prediction did Malthus make?
79. Give one reason to explain why people started to have fewer children according to paragraph 2.
80. Besides medical treatment, increasing number of old people.
are the other two factors that contribute to the
81. Why has the population in developing countries increased faster than it has in Europe in the last century?
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第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1．这个协议将为两国的合作铺平道路。 (pave) 2．据说那位年轻教授当众反对了校长的提议。(object) 3．一旦那个工程师下定决心，就没有谁能说服他改变最初的决定。(once) 4．昨天我把那台不能用的空调退还给了出售它的商店并得到了退款。(where) 5．大卫得知要参加即将在北京举行的决赛后是如此激动以致于彻夜未眠。(So…that…) II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 近期，你就影响选择大学的考虑因素在高三学生中做了调研，结果如图所示，请结合图表 信息写一份调研报告，须包括以下内容： 1．图表产生的背景和基本内容； 2．就你个人而言，你会考虑哪些因素？ 请列出其中你认为相对重要的两项因素，并说明 原因。
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