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Misunderstanding in Intercultural Communication


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k o n   o   o ref o sd r g te p yia  n   u n s tn s e k n  o u d rtn   ies  sa e n wig y u y us l,c n iei   h   h s la d h ma   et g ,s e ig t  n e sa d dv re me s g   n c i
s se , n o r gn  e d a k a dd v lpn  mp t y p o l a   a d emo t fh   s n esa dn s whc   y tmJ e c u a igfe b c , n   e eo ige ah , e pec nh n l  s o   emiu d rtn ig , ih   t s p rt  e a atThswi lyas l  o n ai nf r h m    a eas c e su itrut rl o e aaet m p r h . i  l a   o i f u d t  o  e t h v   u c sf lnec l a  mmu iai n l d o t o u c nc t . o   Ke   r s itrutrl o ywo d : nec l a  mmu iain u c nc t   o miu d rtn ig s n esa dn   ln u g   a g ae c l r  ut e u

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S -ald itrutrl o oc l  nec l a  mmu iain i c mmu iain b t e   mb r  fdfee tc l rs I iv le  e u c nc t  s o o   nc t   ewe n me eso   i rn  ut e . t n ov s o u   df rn  ec pin , t td s a d itrrtt n Asi k o     l e e  wo p o l r m  e smec l r a   i ee t re t s at u e , n  nepeai .  s n wn t al v n t   e pefo t  a  ut ec n p o i o   o , h u

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smi r e p r n e .t e   h r  smi r me n n s i l   x e e c s h y s a e i l   a i g .W h l  n i tr u t r l c m mu i ai n e p e o tn h v   a i a i i  n e c l a  o e u n c t ,p o l  f   a e o e

df rn  x e e c s whc   rn   n   i iut sf rp o l o c mmu iaewi   a h oh r a d ge t   d   i ee t p r n e, ihb ig ma yd f c le o   e pet o e i i nc t  t e c   te , n   ral a d h y tep siit f a sn   iu d rtn ig . h  o sblyo   u igm s n esa dn s i c  
I  o   n  o c mmu i ae i   n te  a g a e n y k o n   h   r s i n te o g . o   h u d p y fy u wa tt   o n c t n a o h r ln u g ,o l   n wi g t e wo d   s o   n u h Y u s o l  a     a tn i n t   e r lsf r sn   e e wo d , o . e wo d o d ra d sr c u e o  e t n e   r   lo q i   i e e t t t   t  u e     i g t s   r s to Th   r   r e  n  tu t r  fs n e c sa e a s   u t d f r n   e o o h o u h e f

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s a ea e . f o   a n t r s  h  u e   l i  tr u t r l o n k   t” I  u c n o   a p t er l swe l n i e c l a  mmu ia i n t e r s l   l b   ri l . y g n u c n c t , h  e u t wi   e t r e  o s l e b M o eta    o r  h n a c mm u i ai g t o . a g a e i t e wid m  ft o e wh   p a  t I r fe t a c l r ’ l e n c t   o 1 1n u g   s h   s o o  h s   o s e k i. t e c s   u t e s i   n     l   u  f s l , y   ft i k n , n   i e e t a tr so   tr c i g T y n  o u d r tn     n u g   n   s     o e t   t e wa so   n i g a d d f r n   t n   f n e a t . r i g t   n e sa d a l g a e a d u e i c r c l y h f p e i n a t y

wi epy ualtni tr utr l o lh l o        e c l a c mmu iain  l oi n u   nc t . o 22Co v n in .  n e t   o Ac o dn   o L n m a   cin r   f Co tmp rr   n l h o v nin me n   a  s p o l i    c r ig t  o g n Dit a y o   ne o ay E gi ,c n e t   a s wh tmo t e pe n a o s o     sceyc n ie  en   o ma  n   g t Co v nin   r  s al  a d d d wn fo g n r t n t  e eain I o it  o sd rb ig n r l d f h. n e t saeu u l h n e   o  r m  e e ai  o g n rt . t a i o y o o   e te l  fu n e h  o ain o   n ’ h b t.   n   v sfo ifn y it  d l o d tec n e t n  xrmey il e c st efr t   fo es a i Aso e mo e r m n a c  no a ut o , h   o v ni s n m o   s h o ta hhm  n  ue , y  n   iwso   o t ie Bu  i  e peaed a n   ls oo ea oh r yter e c   i ma yr ls wa sa d ve  n h w ol . t v whl p o l r  r wi gco et  n  n te    h i e b   c mmo   au e i i teh b t a d c n e t n  h t e pte a at Co v ni n  i rg e t   o c l r o o nn tr .t s h   a i   n  o v ni sta  e  h m  p r    s o k . n e t sd   r al f m u t et  o yr u
c l r . ih h n e s p o l’ n e c l r l o u t e wh c   i d r  e pe s i t r u t a  mm u i ai n T e a d t n t  n ’ o   o v n i n   y m a e u u c n c t . h   d i o  o o e s wn c n e t s ma   k   o i   o

hm  sn esa doh r. swel s k  i ef s n e so d  i m u d rtn  te s a  l a  i   ma ehms l miu d rto .   F re a l,wh n a n g t t n b g n h   a a ee b sn sma ,ams e tn ig d wn r s f m  i  o  x mpe e     e oi i   e a ,te J p n s  u ie s n r   xe dn   o wad   o h s ao r s o les ma   o fo hswas t wad te Ame ia   u ie s n t  o h   si tn o ue . i ee  h ud r, yb w r m  i   it o r  h     r nb s sma  o wh m  ewa u   t d cd H s y s c n si r  


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No ny g e t g c n e t nas  n u n e  v r  s e t fp o l’ l e Ho t  e l t h   t l  rei , o v ni   lo if e c se e ya p c   e pes i . w o d a  hte i a t f o n o l o  f wi mp c    o c n e t n     trutr l o mu iain wi  e ietes c e s f o mu iain  o v ni s ni ec l a  m o i n u c nc t . l d cd    u c s    m o l h oc nc t . o 23V le Beifa dW O l ve .  au . l  n   rd iw  e Vau 。 eifa dwo lve ae a h   o eo  u  h u hsa d a t n . e   r h  ue  n   ud p ss le b l  n   rd iw  r  t ec r  fo rto g t n   ci s Th y ae ter lsa d g i e o t, e t o   whc   r o maiea dta h u  a    s fl g o ,ih , a   t v  o , o t  v  u  f , n  v nwh t ihaen r t  n   c   swh t su eu , o d r twh to s ief r h w  l eo rl e a de e   a  v e i g t r oi i t i  rJ s s n yS d wikrmi d  s “   iks , e a s  te e p ealh n  o o  e a s f r l  odef . u t   o a He r   e g c   e n su , wet n  o b c u eoh r o l lt iks ; rb c u ea e   l h p   t a, wed   iks ; r e a s    r  l o a dtikwemu t hn  o o  e a s    n eto g t o a dtik  ot n  o o   c u eweweet ds , n   n     s  ik s ; r c u eweo c   u h  , n   n   h b o h t b h s h
we si  h n   o o   e a s ,h v n  h u h   o we t i k s .   t l i k s ; rb c u e a i g t o g ts ,  h n   o ”Vau , e if a d wo l v e a e s c   n u n i l lt l e b l   n   r i w  r   u h i f e t   e d l a f co s n i tr u t r l c m mu ia i n t a  y u s o l  tk   t e d fe e c s i  t e a t r i   n e c l a u   o n c t   h t o   h u d a e h   i r n e   n h m  s ro sy Th   o e i u l. e miu d r tn i g   r u h  b u   y t e ma   esu b r . s n e sa d n sb o g t o t   m  y b  t b o   a b h n

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M i u d r t n i g i   n e c lu a  mm u ia i n s n e s a d n  n I t r u t r l Co nc t   o

S n e o e sv l e b l fa d wo l v e r p e e twh t s e p c e   rh p  o , e u r d o  o b d e     i i c   n ’ au , e i   n   rd i w e r s n   a i x e t d o   o e f r r q i   r r i d n i h s   e    e f n   i d miu d r t d n   ea e  o t e ma   c u   r   r q e t a d t e c n e u n e ma   e mo e s r s m n , s n e s n i g r lt d t  h m  y o c rmo e fe u n l , n   h   o s q e c   y b   r   e i u . a y o   Du n   tr u t r l o i r g i e c l a  mmu i a i n o e s o l  a   r  t n i nt   e . n u c n c t , n  h u d p y mo e at t  ot m   o e o h

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s meo   e c n c us   v l u e , o   ft m a   a ee i blnd r mos    e a es h   tof h m r  ome w  n g a e. p c al   t   klsa   eow: t ho ma a e bl Es e ily wi s il  sb l   h 3.  1Kno yo s l  w  ur e f

W h t o   r g t h   o a y u b i  o t e c mmu ia in e e t r al n le c st e s c e so   a  v n , o t a   e mso l    n n c t   v n   e t i f n e     u c s   f h t e t s  h t ts e   n y o g y u h t e i i i  o b g n wi y u s l f t g t   e i  t   o ref Th  d a o   n wi g y u s l    o tn h . e i e   fk o n   o re f sc mmo , u t sn v r ee sc u il o i r v n   i n b t     e e t ls  r c a t mp o i g ii h   i tr ut r l o ne c l a  mmu ia i n T   n w  o r ef a  r t y u s o l  n w  o r u t r . l e p ea ep o u t o   e u c n c t . o k o y u s l, t s, o   h u d k o y u   l e Al p o l r   r d c s f h   o i f c u     t

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itrutrl o nec l a  mm u iain Th   bl ye a lsy ut v i eiu  o u c nc t . ea it n be  o  oa o dsr sc mmu iainp o lm s b c u ey uh v   o i o nc t   r be , e a s o   a e o
fe   h i     k  h   e e s r   o c s i n . r ec o c t ma et en c s a y c n e so s e o   F r x mp e o   n   a t s s a g r  y g t o k o e c   t e . f h ya efo t eE s, h ywi   e y o   a l , n ma y p r e , t n e sma   e    n w  a h o h r I  e   r   m    a t t e   l v r   e i r t t r h l r s e tu l e r s n  a l g c r st  h   ta g r  e o e a y c n e s t n sa t . we e , ft e   e fo t e e p cf l r p e e t l n   a d  o t e sr n e sb f r  n   o v r ai   t rs Ho v r i  y a   m h   y c i o h r r

W e t o l  e  h y f d te  iee c   te  n   o e t u te h i rlt n hp wi h y e c a g   ad . s, nywh n te   n  h y l   a h oh ra d h p  o frh rt er eai s i , l t e   x h n ec s i k   o l r  
Th t s o s y wh n y u we e a t n i g a c c t i p r     se n c u tis o   u h o c so , o ’  e trn t a     a , e   o   r  t d n     o k a l a t i we t r   o n r , n s c   c a i n y u d b t   o  it e   y n e e p e e tc r sb f r  n  e l o v r ai n g t u d rwa . d i   n e sen c u t , l a e r me e , ti t e r s n   a d   e o e a y r a  n e s t   e s n e  y An  n a   a t r   o n r p e s  e mb r i s h   c o   y   

rq i dc u ts    x h n ec r s e ur  o r yt e c a g  a d . e e o  
Be g a r  f i n     n te   o t t lme t I o t n ma e   ed f r n e b t e    u c sf l n a e n  i  wa eo  mi gi a oh r mp r n   e n . t f   k s h   i e e c   ewe n as c e su  g g me t n t s i a e   e t e

a do eta rd c si e f g  n   sn es n ig . ee e t ec mmu iao n wstei otneo  mig  n  n   t o u e l e n sa dmi d rt dn sTh  f ci  o h p lf i u a v nc tr o     k h mp r c ft n , a i

ad advl e t   itdtm n e pr rtt eoa   ot  ̄ j trs qe i . n  s ee pd ekl   e i t   p p a     la uau e     k   s n h   o   s lo e r e a o ie m ttk b   b coa a u t   h   h i o
33S e     n e sa d d v reme s g  y tm s .  e kt u d rt n   ie s  sa es se   o Sn eln u g     emo t fe t eto o  e pet o ic   g a ei t   s ef ci   l rp o l oc mmu iae y us o l r    a  o tiga o t a sh   v o f   nc t, o  h udt t l r s mehn  b u  y o en y u  a n rsln u g   eoeitrutr l o o rp n e ’ a g a e b f r nec l a  mmu iai n L n u g  smoet a    e il o  o   u c nc t . a g a ei  r h n av hce fc mmu iain  o   nc t . o I ta h so e l esye  fa c l r,wa so   ikn ,a d df rn  atr so   trcig Y u wo l  e f   t e c e  n  i —tlso   ut e   f u y  ft n ig n   i ee t t n  fi e a t . o   ud b  a h f p e n n r
mo e e fc i ei o   o d s e k y u   a t e ’ a g a e. r  fe tv  fy u c ul p a   o rp rn rsln u g  

Be i e  a g a e g t n   o   n wld e o   e n n e b l o e   h tp o l  s   sas   e e s r . t l s sl n u g , e t g s me k o e g   f h   o v r a  d s t a  e p e u e i  l n c s a y I wi  d i t c o   l h l  o     n e s n   o rp r e ’ s e c   ra t n a d o f ry u a wa  o e p e sy u s l b t ra d n t o e p y u t u d rt d y u   a t rS p e h o   ci , n   f   o     y t   x r s   o r ef e t   n   o     o a n   o e   e t c u e miu d r tn i g . h s   f o   o v s e   t e   o n r s k o t e p we   f h   o n i g a d l u h n   a s   s n e s d n s T o e o   u wh   ii d o h rc u ti   n w h   o ro   ep i t   n   g i g a y t e t n a

a   y  ftlig W h l y u la   b u  ie s o ig s se , o   yd v lpc d  e st i   wad te swa so   kn . a i   o  e r a o t v re c dn   y tms y u ma   e eo   o esn ivt t e n d i y o r  h  
me s g  y t ms s d b   t e   u t r s wh c   y  o i o n ai n f r u c s f l n e c l r l o s a es se   e   y o h r l e , ih l ss l f u d t     c e su   t r u t a  mmu ia i n  u c u a d o o s i u c nc t . o

34De eo  m p t y .  v lp e a h  

A f u  t eAme cnpo ebt l u, Weso l o jd eaoh l esnu t  eh v  a e  O   mo s i   a Na v l a rvr  l  s“  h udn tu g  n te p r  ni w  aew l dt   ‘ i es   ‘ o l k W
mo n  n h smo c sn . o c mmu ia e i tr u t r l , o   h u d we ry u   a te ’ mo c s s . a st  o si   i  c a i s”T   o n c t n ec l a l y u s o l  a  o rp n rs“ c a i ” Th t   u y r n i o

4  2

维普资讯 http://www.cqvip.com

M iu de sa dn  nI tr ut r lCo s n rt n igi n e c l a  mmunc t n u ia i   o

s y y u n e  o b   b e t  e  h n sfo t e p i t fv e o   t e s Ho v r t e e a e ma y b rir o t e a , o   e d t   e a l O s e t i g   r m h   o n    iw  fo h r . we e , h r  r  n   are st  h   o i r v me t fe ah , u h a , o sa t e ff C S t e tn e c     o es mef a u e     e e cu i n o   te s mp o e n     mp t y s c   s c n t n  l o U , h  e d n y t n t o  e t r st t   x l so   f h r , o s - o o h o  
se e t p dno i sc n e n n   e d r r c , n   u t e a d d f n ie b ha o .   eco  h s   i d a c s y   tr o y e   t on   o c r i g g n e , a e a d c l , n   e e sv   e vir Toov r met e eh n r n e , ou ur

n e    e n   o refo   a i g atn i n t h  p n a e u   mo i n l x r s i n   f t e s wh l  o  r o b   e dt rmi d y u s l fp y n   t t  o t e s o tn o se t a e p e so so   h r , i y u t t  e o   e o o   o e V mo ee p e s e Awa e e so   e il e a i r  a  mb r  f   a t u a  u t r   r o c l r  g t i d r d   l r x rs i . v r n s  f p c a b h v o s h t s   t me e s   p r c lr l e o   — u t e mi h   n  u eO’ o a i c u c u f   i s l n   ya s   eh l f 1 I y u c n r ss t e tn e c     tr r t h   t e ’ v r a a d n n e b l c i n   o n u t g ma   lo b   e p u . f o   a   it h   d n yt i e p e  e o h rs e b l n   o v l a a t s r m  i   e   e on t     ‘   o f y u   u t r ’ o i n ai n y u   mp t y c n b  n r a e    o . o rs il a   sa l h n   n   i ti i g d s e   o r l es r tt . o re ah   a   e j c e s d a l t Y u  k l   t t b i i g a d ma n an n   e i d c u   e o s e s r

ie tis o  ohy us l a doh r  ltu o tiuet  U C Sf lnec l r l o mu iain  d nie  r t o ref n   tes t f b   wi h s nr t oaS C E Su itrut a  m l c b   u c nc t . o

I Con l s o   V. cu i n
Th   e eo me to  h   o it   h n e   h   ag   r  n o a s alv l g . lh ma   e n s l e i  n e d v l p n   ft e s ce y c a g s t e lr e wo l i t    m l i a e Al u n b i g  i  n a   d   l   v i t r o n ce   r . e p em u t te e o e b   t a e     n e sa d e e y n - r g r l s  f o   c  h y n e c n e td wo l P o l d   s, h r f r , e mo i t d t u d rtn   v r o e e a d e so   w mu h t e   v o h s e s p r t d fo e c   t e   y e t e   h   it n e o   h   u t r .Th u h t e i e e c s i ln u g , e m  e a ae   r m  a h o h r b   i r t e d sa c   r t e c l e h u o g   h  d f r n e   n a g a e  f c n e t n v l e b l fa d wo l v e b i g a 1 t ft u ls t  h  n e c l r lc m mu i ai n t e c mmo   o v n i 。 au , ei   n   r i w  r    o    r b e  o t e i tr u t a o o e d n o o u   nc t , h   o o n smi r i so   e p e a d t o e t c n q e  o i r v   o i l i e   fp o l n  h s  e h i u st  mp o e c mmu iai n wi  n t  e p e a a n Co a t   n c t   l u i p o l  g i . mmu i ai g o l e nc t   n i tr u t r l , n   an   t e  a g a e , b e v sd fe e t u t r s a d e c u tr  e v le . o e g   u t r  n e c l al o e I r so h rln u g s o s r e  i r n  l e , n   n o n e s w  a u s F r i n c l e u y e c u n u e a l sp o l t  a n i sg ti t h i  wn s c ey W h n f c n  h   i e e c s p o l ma   e e o     e p r n b e   e p e o g i n i h  n o t ero   o i t.   e  a i gtedf rn e , e pe   y d v lp ad e e  u d rt n i g f h ms l e  a d h i o i t. wh c  h l t e n e sa d n  o  t e e v s n  t e r c e y  s i h ep h m t  s a e h i h r c e s I t r u t r l o h p  t e r  c a a t r . n e c l a  u c mmu ia i n p o i e  a mir r i wh c  o e s wn u t r i 1 f c e . Ac e t g t e if r n e   n   o n c t   r vd s   ro   n o ih n ’  o  c l e s ‘ e t d u  e l c p i   h  d fe e c s a d n a p e i t g t e smi rt s o e c n i r v   i  o p r c ai    i l i e , n   a   n h a i mp o e h sc mmu ia i n s i   n   v i  s n e sa d n s n c t   k l a d a o d miu d r tn i g . o l  

Re e e c s  fr n e :

1 eg .Jme.I pi t n f U iesla d P rcilB h vo o nec l rlc Imu i t n 9’ pi 0 2 .L ih a s m l ai so  nvra n   aoha  eair rItrut a  on nc i .2” A r,2 0 . c o   f u ao l  
h t : www. t / p/ i mmi e i tr u t r l r / i h h m. . / e c l a/ 4 l g . t   s n u n e 2 Oy ma R .   a . umi o V s a  o k . iu l mmu ia i na r s  u t r s 2 m Ap i, 0 2 h t : www. C n c t   c o s C l e . 9   rl 2 0 . t / o u p/ i mmi e i t r u tr l r / y mah m. . / e c l a/ 3 o a . t   s n u n

3 a vr L r   。 c adE P r r a dLs  Sea iC m nct nbt enC l rs B in : oe nL n ug  .S mo a ar A.Ri r  . ot , n  i A. t n. o mu i i  ew e  ut e. e ig F ri   ag ae . y h e a f ao u j g
T a h n   n   s a c   r s , 0 0  e c i g a d Re e r h P e s 2 0 .

4 c 1 n R n adS zn eWo gS oln It l rl o u iain A D so r  p ra h B in  oe nL n ug  .S o1 , o , n u a n  n  c l .ne t a  mm nc t :   i us A po c . e ig F ri   ag a e o o mu u C o c e j g
T a hn  n   s ac   es 2 0 . e c iga dRe erhPrs, 0 0 

5 T me, a e  C oslnt g  rnfro  d x g C n etfrS rg   R tea fMm,gh a e PHmi t . u rJm sM. rs— gr eTas   I ei   o cps o t a e鲫 a   a e fn n   o e i  o  i   n g. ri n 3 r  ̄l n   a 

R sl. 9 A r. 02 ht'w . io#an a 9/l t n Poed g/ mehm1 eut 2  p l 0 .t / wwa s r n u l 6Ee r i rcei su rt . s i2 p/ s. - co c n t .   6 .蕈赓杰,李露亮.魅力舆臆力—— 中西 文化透 棍. 北京 :中圆纺缀 出版社. 9 9 19 .   7 .颇嘉辛 .徒文化鍪 楫肴跨 文化 交隙研 究的重黠典辨  .外捂典外 捂教  . o 120 :4 —8 f 1 吉 N ., 0 2 54 .   8 .稗欲和。碾 彦.涉外槽俺 . 南京 :样林 山版社 .9 7 19 .  

9 .剖宓度.文化 翻摧 输纲 . 漠 :湖北 教育 山版社. 9 9 武 19 .  

1.到越莲. 0 褴貌  跨 文化 交降 . 捂教  .00 l 8 2 外 20, :3—4 .  

1.戚雨村. 1 捂言孚引输.I . 海: I   海外捂教育出版丰.98 十 19.  
1.曾  萍.A接 舆蠲接文化取 向.外捂教掣. 2 0 , :2 —3 . 2 00 l 9 3   1. 鲍平 , 3   李  连.文化 典交降. 京 :中圆人 民大毕 出版神. 9 9 北 19 .  

( dtd y he , an  n   n i) E i     l R iya dA ne e b As y  

4  3



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