海淀区高三年级第二学期期中练习 英 语
2013.4 本试卷共 12 页，共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟 o 第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读
下一小题。每段对 话你将 听一遍。 1. Who likes Clint Eastwood movies? A. The woman. B. The Woman9S father. C. The woman，s mother. 2. What’s the man doing? A. Offering suggestions. B. Asking for help. C. Expressing wishes. 3. What are they mainly talking about? A. Scuba diving. B. The spring break. C. A nice hotel. 4. Where are the two speakers? A. In a hotel. B. In a car. C. In a hospital. 5. What’s Alice now? A. A saleswoman. B. An insurance agent. C. A lawyer. 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题，从每题所 给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后，每 小题 将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What5S the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Roommates. B. Relatives. C. Classmates. 7. Why does Tom get full marks according to the man? A. He works really hard. B. He has good living habits. C. He is a favorite of teachers. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. When will the report probably be ready? A. This Friday. B. This Saturday. C. Next Monday. 9. How does the man feel about the woman’s idea? A. Annoyed. B. Satisfied. C. Uninterested. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where will the party be held? A. In Newcastle. B.At the Hill Peak. C.At the Central Park. 11. What gift will the woman take for Jenny? A. An ice cream cake. B. Some flowers. C. A teddy bear. 12. How will the woman probably go there? A. By car. B. By tube. C. By tram. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What do the volunteers need to do to board the Boat? A. Pay for the trips. B. Take their passports. C. Join in all the activities. 14. Why do participants visit different countries? A. To advocate peace. B. To exchange cultures. C. To teach languages. 15. What skill is most useful for applicants? A. Playing soccer. B. Speaking English. C. Teaching sports. 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面一段对话，完成第 16 至 20 题，每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前，你将有 20 秒 钟的时间阅读试题，听完 后，你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。 Applicant’s Information Form Name Age Major Current job Foreign languages Time for interview Cristina Forsett 16______ 17 ______Relations A 18______ in Boston French & 19______ Next 20______ afternoon
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第 二 节 完 形 填 空（ 共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The “Doorman” On a trip to California, my family stopped for lunch. As we walked toward the entrance to the restaurant, a man, with a 36 ______ beard and dirty hair, jumped up from a bench and opened the door for us. Regardless of his 37 ______ ，he greeted us in a friendly way. Once inside, my daughters whispered, “Mom ，he 38 ______ ” After we ordered our lunch, I explained, telling the kids to look 39 ______ the dirt. We then watched other customers approach the restaurant but many 40 ______ him. Seeing this rudeness truly upset me. The day I became a mother, I had resolved to set a good 41 ______ for my children. Yet sometimes when things didn’t go right, being a good example was 42 ______When our meal arrived，I realized I had left the car-sick pills in the truck. With the windiest trip ahead, the kids needed them, so I 43 ______ myself from the meal and went to get them. Just then, the “doorman” was opening the door for a couple. They rushed past him without even acknowledging his 44 ______ Letting them in first, I said a loud “thank you” to him as I 45 ______ . When I returned, we talked a bit. He said he was not allowed inside 46 ______ he purchased food. I went back and told my family his 47 ______Then I asked our waitress to add one soup and sandwich. The kids looked 48 ______as we had already eaten， when I said the order was for the “doorman”， but they smiled. When it was time to 49 ______ our trip, I noticed the “doorman” enjoying his meal. Upon seeing me, he stood up and thanked me heartily. He then 50 ______ his hand for a handshake and I gratefully accepted. I suddenly noticed the tears in his eyes—tears of 51______ What happened next drew great astonishment ： I gave the “ doorman” a 52 ______ ! He pulled away, with tears 53 ______ down his face. Back in truck, I fell into deep thought. While we can’t choose many things in life, we can choose when to show gratitude. I said thanks to a man who had 54 ______ held open a door for me， and also said thanks for that 55 ______ to teach my children by example. 36. A. heavy 37. A. service 38. A. smokes 39. A. beyond 40. A. hated 41. A. target 42. A. stressful 43. A. excused 44. A. company 45. A. quitted 46. A. before 47. A. story 48. A. concerned B. long B. appearance B. smiles B. over B. ignored B. rule B. accessible B. freed B. presence B. marched B. unless B. deed B. shocked C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. messy status sniffs around missed record awkward prevented effort exited though experience puzzled D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. grey attitude smells into refused example tough withdrew attempt approached since demand bored
49. A. make 50. A. extended 51. A. approval 52. A. hug 53. A. slipping 54. A. firmly 55. A. journey
B. start B. washed B. affection B. nod B. streaming B. constantly B. wisdom
C. C. C? C?? C? C?? C?
take raised sympathy lift rushing simply opportunity
D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
continue waved gratitude clap breaking politely coincidence
第 一 节 单 项 填 空 （ 共 15 小题；每小题 L 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 21.Tom is a determined person. He never allows ______to lead him by the nose. A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. somebody 22.—Hi, Lily. Don’t forget to watch I，m a Singer at 10:00 this Friday night! —What a pity! I ______in a plane to Hainan for a meeting then. A. will sit B. will be sitting C. am sitting D. sit 23.After graduation, Frank often thought of those who had helped him ______his school life. A. of B. across C. at D. through 24.Mary has trouble in speaking, which makes it difficult ______her thoughts and feelings. A. express B. expressing C. expressed D. to express 25.Very often, your success depends on ______you handle failure along the way. A. when B. that C. how D. what 26.—Sir, ______you park your car at this Fire Engine Access? 一 Sorry, I didn’t notice that. A. can B. must C. will D. may 27.Amanda hopes to live a simple life ______ she can just enjoy her activities rather than rushing to meet the deadline. A. when B. which C. where D. that 28.The film Life of Pi, ______ by Li An, has attracted the audience for its amazing visual effects. A. being directed B. directed C. having directed D. directing 29.One important aim of our school is to prepare us for the future ______ we can face all the challenges with confidence. A. in that B. so that C. even if D. if only 30.For the sake of students, health, outdoor activities ______ in some areas late last year because of the smog pollution. A. do not allow B. did not allow C. were not allowed D. are not allowed 31.______leads a life full of love is rich even though he doesn’t have much money. A. Whenever B. However C. Whatever D. Whoever 32.—Sarah is busy adapting her novel into a movie. —Oh! No wonder I ______her around these days. A. haven’t seen B. hadn’t seen C. didn’t see D. won’t see 33.It is not their interest but the need of the market ______ influences students’ choices of college majors. A. that B. which C. what D. who 34.I didn’t realize my mother loves me so such until I received her gift for my 18th birthday, a diary the process of my growth. A. recorded B. to record C. recording D. having recorded 35.Without joint efforts of all the members, we ______our task in such a short time. A. shouldn’t accomplish B. shouldn’t have accomplished C. couldn’t accomplish D. couldn’t have accomplished 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选
FOOD MONEY COMMUNITY
Potatoes may hold the answer to Among the new state taxes Look for shopping centers to worldwide hunger. Nutritionally proposed to make up for budget try to be more things to more people valuable and easy to grow in a shortfalls, according to ( so they can make more money ). variety of climates and soils, they Newsweek ： a 32% rise in the Though financing is shaky ，the $ 2 may help meet the needs of a tax on chewing tobacco billion Xanadu is scheduled to open world population that the United (Michigan)，an extra $ 5 tax on by December in East Rutherford, Nations expects to increase by admission to gentlemen’s clubs New Jersey. According to Time 100 million each year through ( Georgia )，a 1,900% hike in the magazine, it will feature “a 2030. tax on beer (Oregon ). skydiving simulator, an indoor wave pool, and a 286-foot Ferris wheel.
Americans looking to plant a
While states try to find money, vegetable garden and live off the Coinstar suggests we look under Homeowners who just want to land， or at least save money， the sofa cushions. The average keep a simple roof over their heads may want to think twice. “It’s house has $ 90 in loose change， can now find the details of the incredibly messy, ruins your the company claims, and rather Obama administration’s housing hands, wears holes in the knees of than charge service fees as high plan online. The Department of your jeans, ends up costing 40 as 8%， Coinstar will now quit Housing and Urban Development times more than you think it will, them if the change is shifted to a and the Treasury Department have takes over your dreams and gift card from a participating launched mcddnghorneaffordcibh. merchant. The list includes gov, where Americans can find breaks your heart，” writes Jennifer Reese on slate, com. information about refinancing and Starbucks ，iTunes ， Those who refuse to be disturbed overstock, com, amazon. com, modified payments. 5 can find comfort and good advice and Cabela S. at awaytogarden. com.
60.To find advice on vegetable planting, you can log onto _____ A. awaytogarden. com B. slate, com C. amazon, com D. overstock, com 61.When you change coins at Coinstar , you _____ A. may have to pay extra 8% tax B. shall change at least $90 each time C. can save service charge by choosing a gift card D. will get gifts as a reward from participating merchants 62.This passage is written to _____. A. express some opinions B. provide some information C. give some suggestions D. *introduce some websites A Bertie knew there was something in the wind. His mother had been sad in recent days, not sick， strangely sad. The lion just had just lain down beside him，his head warm on Bertie，s feet， when Father cleared his throat and began, “You’ll soon be eight, Bertie. A boy needs a proper education. We’ve found the right place for you, a school near Salisbury in England. ” His heart filled with a terrible fear, all Bertie could think of was his white lion. “But the lion,” he cried, “What about the lion?”
“I’m afraid there’s something else I have to tell you, ” his father said. Looking across at Bertie’s mother, he took a deep breath. Then he told Bertie he had met a circus owner from France, who was over in Africa looking for lions to buy. He would come to their farm in a few days. “No! You can’t send him to a circus!” said Bertie. “People will come to see him. He’ll be shut up behind bars. I promised him he never would be. And they will laugh at him. He’d rather die. Any animal would ! ” But as he looked across the table at them, he knew their minds were quite made up. Bertie felt completely betrayed. He waited until he heard his father’s deep breathing next door. With his white lion at his heels， crept downstairs in his pyjamas ， he took down his father’s rifle from the rack and stepped out into the night. He ran and ran till his legs could run no more. As the sun came up over the grassland, he climbed to the top of a hill and sat down, his arms round the lion’s neck. The time had come. “Be wild now”，he whispered. “You’ve got to be wild. Don’t ever come home. All my life I’ll think of you. I promise I will. ” He buried his head in the Iion5S neck. Then, Bertie clambered down the hill and walked away. When he looked back, the lion was still sitting there watching him; but then he stood up, yawned, stretched, and sprang down after him. Bertie shouted at him, but he kept coming. He threw sticks. He threw stones. Nothing worked. There was only one thing left to do. With tears filling his eyes and his mouth，he lifted the rifle to his shoulder and fired over the Iion9S head. 56.Bertie’s mother was sad probably because she _____. A. had been seriously ill recently B. had decided to send Bertie to school C. knew selling the lion would upset Bertie D. knew Bertie would hate to go to England 57.The underlined word “they” in Para. 4 probably refers to _____. A. some audience B. other animals C. Bertie9S parents D. circus owners 58.In the last paragraph, the boy lifted the rifle to _____. A. kill the lion out of fear B. threaten the lion back to the wild C. protect himself from the lion D. show his anger towards his father 59.The passage intends to show that _____. A. animal-hunting is popular in Africa B. parents are sometimes cruel to their children C. animals usually lead a miserable life in circuses D. people and animals can be faithful to each other C Doctors sometimes prescribe light therapy to treat a form of depression in people who get too little morning sun. But too much light at other times may actually cause such mood disorders. Long-lasting exposure to light at night brings depression, a new study finds, at least in animals. The new data confirm observations from studies of people who work night shifts, says Richard Stevens of the University of Connecticut Health Center. Mood disorders join a growing list of problems, including cancer, obesity and diabetes——that can occur when light throws life out of balance by disturbing the biological clock and its timing of daily rhythms. In the new study, Tracy Bedrosian and Randy Nelson of Ohio State University exposed mice to normal light and dark cycles for four weeks. For the next four weeks, half of the mice remained on this schedule, and the rest received continuous dim light throughout their night. Compared with mice exposed to normal nighttime darkness, those getting dim light at night lost their strong preference for sweet drinks，“ a sign they no longer get pleasure out of activities they once enjoyed，” Bedrosian says. In a second test, mice were clocked on how long they actively tried to escape a pool of water. Those exposed to night lights stopped struggling and just floated in the water, a sign of “behavioral despair”，10 times as long as the mice that had experienced normal nighttime darkness. All symptoms of depression disappeared within two weeks of the mice returning to a normal light-dark cycle, the researchers report. The scientists also could quash the behavioral symptoms by injecting (注射)the brains of animals with a drug that prohibits the activity of certain molecules linked with human depression. This finding further suggests that light at night may cause something related to depression. Human studies linking nighttime light and mood disorders are important but can’t easily detect molecular underpinnings (分子基础)as animal studies can，says George Brainard of Thomas Jefferson University. The new work, he says, suggests that the change of the biological clock by light at night can be “an extremely powerful force in regulating biology and behavior. ” 63.After being exposed to continuous nighttime light，the mice _____. A. changed their preferences B. escaped from the water more eagerly
C. remained active as before D. showed less interest in their favorites 64.What does the underlined word “quash” in Para. 4 probably mean? A. study B. predict C. ease D. cause 65.We can learn from the last paragraph that _____. A. light at night may have practical value B. the biological clock is beneficial to humans C. human mood disorders cannot be healed easily D. human studies are more important than animal studies 66.What is the main idea of the passage? A. Nighttime light may foster depression. B. A drug has been found to cure mood disorders. C. The study on animals can be applied to humans. D. Human biological clock can be controlled by light. D Why Doesn’t Anybody Copy Apple? Apple’s products are the envy of the world. They have been spectacularly successful and are widely imitated, if not copied. The minute Apple crystallizes a product, everyone knows how to compete. This idea that the basis of competition is set by Apple and then the race is on to climb the path of improvement is unquestionable. When Apple releases a product that defines a category or dramatically changes the structure of an industry, it becomes obvious what needs to be built. But what I wonder is why everyone wants to copy Apple’s products but nobody wants to copy being Apple? I can think of two reasons. Firstly, Apple is not worth copying because it’s not successful; secondly, Apple’s success cannot be copied because it is a magical process. There is a great deal of evidence for the first hypothesis. The idea of Apple being successful is not something reflected in its stock price. Being valued lower than the average company in the S&P(标准普尔)500 indicates that to whatever degree Apple was successful in the past, it’s not seen by the vast majority of observers as successful in the future. Why should one bother copying Apple if it results in being punished with a low valuation? If one works really hard at innovation and then that innovation becomes commoditized(商品化）very quickly, why should one bother? When innovation practitioners are asked what makes Apple successful, the answers regarding the cause of this success border on the mythical. The climax of this hypothesis is the “ chief-sorcerer” theory of success which places one magician， like Steve Jobs，in charge of casting all the right spells (符咒）. What about Apple’s own opinion of what makes it tick? Tim Cook refers to a great team and integration of hardware， software and services as unique Apple advantages. It’s a better explanation. Integration is something that can take a long time, but it is possible with great effort. A few companies are starting to make moves in that direction, but efforts are half-hearted. There is no “move the Earth” panic to become an integrated company from Samsung, Google or Microsoft. My own suspicion is that Apple is more aware of what makes it special than it lets out. However, as Tim points out, it’s not a formula. It’s complex, it’s subtle, but it’s not magic. It’s a process that requires a degree of faith and courage. 67.When a new product of Apple comes out, often it _____. A. ruins an industry dramatically B. starts a revolution of an industry C. puts itself in an unbeatable position D. is soon overtaken by imitated products 68.According to the passage, other companies don’t “copy being Apple” because _____. A. Apple is not a successful company B. they have no access to relevant resources C. it’s hard to find a magician like Steve Jobs D. being Apple takes more than time and efforts 69.We can infer from Para. 5 that _____. A. other companies are dedicated to integration B. Apple itself is fully aware of its unique advantages C. Apple will hold the leading position in this industry D. other companies don’t have a great team as Apple does 70. What does the author think of Tim Cook’s statement? A .Convincing. B. Disappointing. C. Unquestionable. D. Acceptable. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Apathy Apathy is a state of lacking interest, enthusiasm or concern. 71 _____ They may also exhibit unfeelingness. Christians have condemned apathy as a lack of love and devotion to God and His works.
72 _____ Also meaning “absence of passion” in Greek, the term “apatheia” was used by the Stoics(禁欲主义者)to show a desirable state of indifference towards events and things which lie outside one’s control. The modem concept of apathy became well known after World War I， when it was called “shell shock. ” Soldiers, living in the trenches among the bombing and gun fires, saw the battlefields filled with dead and wounded companions. 73 _____ In 1950，US novelist Passos wrote “Apathy is one of the characteristic responses of any living being when it is subjected to something too tense or too complicated to deal with. ” US philosopher Robert M. Hutchins summarizes the concerns about political indifference. He claims that the death of democracy is not likely to be a sudden murder from ambush (埋伏） _____ 74 There may be other things contributing to a person’s apathy. Activist Dave Meslin argues that apathy is often the result of social systems actively blocking engagement and involvement. He describes various barriers that prevent people from knowing how or why they might get involved in something. 75 _____ These include ： political media that make it difficult for potentially interested people to find relevant information，and media descriptions of heroes as “ chosen ” by outside forces rather than self-motivated. He suggests that we redefine social apathy as a result of poorly designed systems that fail to invite others to participate. A. It will be a slow process of fading away from apathy and indifference. B. Apathetic people may lack a sense of purpose or meaning in their life. C. He focuses on designed choices that deliberately or indeliberately exclude people. D. The word “dispassion” is used for “apatheia”，so as not to confuse it with apathy. E. So they gradually developed a sense of disconnected numbness to normal social interaction. F. Although the word “apathy” originates from “apatheia”，it is important not to confuse the two terms. G. Author John McManamy argues apathy is a psychological problem for some depressed people，in which they get a sense that “nothing matters”. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第 一 节 情 景 作 文 （ 20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三（1)班的学生李华。下面四幅图描述了上周六你陪外教 T IM 去 公园的经历。请根据图片的 先后顺序，将这件事以日记形式记述下来，向校报投稿。 注意：1.日记的开头已为你写好。 2.词数不少于 60。 提示词：发票 invoice
Saturday，March 30 This morning,
(请务必将情景作文写在答题卡指定区域内） 第 二 节 开 放 作 文 （ 15 分） 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.
第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1. C 6. C 2. A 7. A 3. B 8. A 4. C 9. B 5. B 10. B 11. C 12. A 13. B 14. A 15. C 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） ★每小题超过一个词不计分； ★拼写错误不计分； ★星期、语种首字母必需大写，否则不计分，其余单词大小写错 误扣 0.5 分。 16. 29 17. Public 18. secretary 19. Italian 20. Wednesday
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21. A 31. D 36. C 46. B 22. B 32. A 37. B 47. A 23. D 33. A 38. D 48. C 24. D 34. C 39. A 49. D 25. C 35. D 40. B 50. A 41. D 51. D 42. D 52. A 43. A 53. B 44. B 54. C 45. C 55. C 26. B 27. C 28. B 29. B 30. C
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分）
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56. C 66. A 57. A 67. B 58. B 68. D 59. D 69. C 60. A 70. D 61. C 62. B 63. D 64. C 65. A
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71. B 72. F 73. E 74. A 75. C 四、One possible version: Saturday, April 2 Fine This morning, my foreign teacher Tim and I planned to go to the People’s Park to enjoy ourselves. We took a taxi and it wasn’t long before we arrived at the gate of the park. On seeing the green trees and blooming flowers, Tim couldn’t wait to take pictures. It was at that moment that we found his camera was gone. He searched all over his backpack but just couldn’t find it. Suddenly it occurred to me that he might have left it in the taxi. With anxiety and hope, we found out the invoice of the taxi, on which a phone number was printed, so I immediately got in touch with the taxi company. About half an hour later, the driver returned with the camera and you could imagine the wide smile spreading across Tim’s face. Both of us were grateful to the driver, and Tim, in particular, insisted on taking a photo with him. Tim and I enjoyed ourselves during the rest of the day, but it was that taxi driver who made our day. 三、One possible version: Jim, look at this interesting picture. I think it tries to convey that we need to look at things from different angles. As we can see, the two kids are looking at the same number in the opposite direction and having an argument about whether the number is 6 or 9. They feel confused why the obvious truth seems invisible to the other. Similar arguments happen in our daily life when we observe things from our own points of view, just like the two kids in the picture. However, if we can exchange their angles, we may find the others’ “ridiculous” opinions also make sense. Therefore, let’s learn to handle problems from different perspectives and appreciate others’ points. Do you agree, Jim?