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高考英语七选五解题技巧和方法


七选五
任务型阅读解题技巧

Gap-filling
广西北海市第二中学 刘小梅 2015.12.1

Contents
七选五考试题型及考查重点 七选五解题技巧(方法及步骤) ? Sample & Sum-up ? Activity Exercise & Check (Team work) ? Post-class Homework Pre-class ? In-class
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七选五高考题型

考试题型
给出一篇缺少5个句子的文章, 对应有7个选项,要求同学们根 据文章结构、内容,选出正确的 句子,填入相应的空白处。

考察重点
? 主要考察考生对文章的整体内容和结

构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。 (考试说明)

七选五解题技巧

方法
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看文章结构 找关键词 找逻辑关系 排除法

Step 1

Structure 文章结构

1
What to expect at high school Be an inventor Spring picnic 大标题 Are you super worried about what to expect
atThe high school? Well, guessinventing what? Everyone is! biggest about isbetter that way With spring secret in full swing, there’s no The following tips will help guide you safely anybody can the do it! Perhaps this sounds crazy, but to celebrate season than with a picnic. through your first day! it’s true. Maybe you have the wrong idea about inventing, so read on to discover the truth.

大标题——短小精悍,大写

2
Be on time When meeting someone for …. Introduce yourself and ask for names Make sure you properly….
Smile! It’s the easiest way to let someone know that you’re nice! Be fun! … 小标题 Listen! …

小标题——短小精悍,结构一致

Smile! It’s the easiest way to let someone know that you’re nice! Be fun! … Listen! … B _____ Ask people who take classes with your questions about what they study today.
A. Change! B. Ask a question! C. Class work is a great icebreaker. D. Say “hello” and see what happens. E. And don’t just talk about yourself all the time. F. Even the shyest person can manage a little smile. G. We all prefer spending time with people who make us feel happy.

2

Be fun! G ________ Think about the people you most enjoy

段首——概括文段,与 小标题相呼应。

3

being with—usually they are always on the up and up. Being fun makes people happy and brightens the way they think of you. It makes you seem like you truly love life and you can deal with any problems that you have to face. Change! Ask a question! Classwork is a great icebreaker. Say “hello” and see what happens. And don’t just talk about yourself all the time. Even the shyest person can manage a little smile. We all prefer spending time with people who make us feel happy.

A. B. C.

D.
E. F. G.

How fast can a home remodeling(改造) A project be completed? ______ At least, that’s the time requirement of the popular TV show called Trading Spaces.
A. B.

4

C.
D. E. F.

G.

About 48 hours. Wow! That’s great! But you didn’t see that on the show. They loved redecorating their neighbors’ place. It sometimes takes several months to remodel a home. But one couple in Portland, Oregon, hated their new room. The people who appear on the show are actors and they enjoy the experience.

段中—— 承上启下

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

They work a lot more. Almost every extremely successful person works more hours than the average person—a lot more. They have long lists of things they want to get done. __________ D They avoid the crowds. 段尾——总结, They are never too proud. Decide where you want to end up. 承上启下 So they have to put in lots of time. Keep in mind selling isn’t controlling. Successful people don’t try to win just one race. But you’ll work a lot harder if there is no other choice.

5

小结一 Structure 文章结 构
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1 大标题 2 小标题 3 段首 4 段中 5 段尾

Step 2

Key words 关键词

1
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Before you shake hands with somebody, make sure that your hands are clean. The handshake should not be too strong or weak. Most people use their right hands, unless they have a reason to C use the left.____
同词重复
It could be a similar taste in clothes or a common hobby. You’ll be in serious trouble if you leave them with a bad impression. However, don’t have your left hand in your pockets because this appears impolite.


A. B. C.

2
A birthday surprise Nathan woke up early and raced into the kitchen. He saw his family preparing their B breakfast just like every other day._____ Where was his birthday cake? Did his family forget his special day?

A. B. C.

同构复现

And there was nobody. Where were his birthday presents? All he saw was a not no the ground.

Don’t forget to wear a helmet(头盔)

同构词

3-4

You don’t have to buy a lot of expensive and new gear(装备)

Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, you’re going to fall, and sometimes you’re going to fall hard. “I went down to one run that was pretty hard,” Nate, a skiing learner, says, “_3 C ”

Some skiers who owned nice winter jackets couldn’t go on the trip. 4E “I have a neighbor who let me borrow some of his gear. That was very helpful,” says 13-year-old Matt Rizer.
A.

B.
C. D. E.

Don’t worry about falling. I felt like I was learning pretty quickly. 同畴词 I fell down and I was glad I was wearing a helmet. Don’t think that you ski well enough not to wear a helmet. So they lent their clothes to other skiers.

同构词
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fall – fell (不同时态) beauty – beautiful act – action (不同词性) mate – roommate police – policeman (相同词根)

同畴词 (畴:范畴)
jacket(夹克) clothes (衣服) 夹克是衣服中的一种。 如:fruit: apple, orange, banana… furniture(家具): bed, table, armchair… sports: running, swimming, jumping…
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类别

具体

5
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Sometimes kids are glad to hear a “no” from their parents.______

B

近义词
A. B.

There are two types of parents love. It seems a happy feeling to get out of parents’ control.

6
When we change our jobs or schools, it often leaves us A But for without a friend. _____ many of us the process is difficult and requires courage.
A.

B.

Making new friends comes easy for some people. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.

反义词

小结三 Key words 关键词
同词重复 ? 同构复现(相同句型结构,相同词不同 结构) ? 同畴词 Tip: 就近原则 ? 近义词 ? 反义词
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……

Step 3 Logical relationship 逻辑关系

转折
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B However, the real movie capital is 1. ___ Mumbai(孟买市), in India.

A. Sometimes they even write the script by hand. ? B. Most people think the capital of the movie is Hollywood, in the USA.
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因果
? 2.

A This is because some ____ people have certain qualities, which others do not.

A. Some people succeed, while others may not. ? B. As the famous saying goes, “No pains, no gains.”
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A 3._____ In the other words, when you are in love with someone, you may refuse to see anything bad about that person.

解释

A. Another proverb says “Love is blind.” ? B. Proverbs are found in most cultures and are often very old.
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4. Taking good notes is a time saving skill that will help you to become a better B Second, student in several ways.____ your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. ? A. You must write your notes on separate 并列 paper. (顺序) ? B. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember.
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小结三 Logical Relationship 逻辑关系
? 转折 ? 因果 ? 解释

? 并列(顺序)

……

常见的逻辑关系词
并列: also, too, then, and, as well as, not only…but also…, first, second, firstly, next, for one thing, for another thing…, either…or, neither…nor…

因果: for, because, because of, such, since, as, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, as a result, consequently, so…

转折: however, nevertheless, nonetheless, still, though, yet, in spite of, at any rate, in any case, on the contrary, in contrast, by contrast, in comparison, by comparison, conversely, otherwise, but, while…. 解释: in fact, actually, for example, in other words, as a matter of fact, that is to say….

递进: further, furthermore, more over, what’s more, besides, in addition, not only…but also…

Step 4 排除法
(市一模) Focus on what you love to do together. The gift you choose should tell a story… Think about their interests and hobbies. The gift you choose should be something that is close to his or her heart… __38_ You will want to strike the right balance between a gift that is popular but also unique to them…
A. B. C.

Check out what is hot. Stay within your budget. So, can you find them as a gift that is memorable and yet practical enough to be used daily?

排除法与其 他方法相结合

Let’s review 回顾
方法 ? Steps 步骤
? Methods

Let’s try!

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Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule (14年全国Ⅱ卷)

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From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____36__Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?____37____ Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38___ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. -____39____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!

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A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

Keys: BGCAF

Homework
? 高考实战演练

The end!


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