2008 年天津高考英语试题中有一道这样的考题: 10. Many Chinese Universities provided scholarships for studentsfinancial aid. A. in favour of B. in honour of C. in face of D. in need of 正确答案为 D?in favour of 赞成,支持;
有利于……;in honour of 为向……表示敬意;为庆祝……;为纪 念……;in face of 面对着,在(危险困难的)情况下,在……的威胁面前;in need of 需要?全句的意思是:很多中国 大学向需要经济资助的学生提供了奖学金? 中学英语中还有很多“in+n.+of...”短语?盘点这些短语,将它们集中起来复习,能起到事半功倍的效果? 1. in advance of 在……前面 Don’t get too far in advance of the others. 不要远远走在其他人的前面? Galileo’s ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived. 伽利略的思想远远走在他所生活的时代的前面? 2. in aid of 用来帮助,起……作用 A concert will be given in aid of the Nurses’ Fund. 将举办音乐会来帮助护士基金会? What is the money in aid of? 这笔钱是起什么作用的? 3. in case of 以防;如果,万一 The wall was built along the river in case of floods. 沿江筑了坝,以防涨水? In case of fire,ring the alarm bell. 如遇火险,即按警铃? 4. in celebration of 庆祝 The party was in celebration of Mother’s silver wedding. 晚会是为庆祝母亲的银婚而举行的? Next day was to be the great mass?鄄 meeting in celebration of the Russian revolution. 第二天将有大型的群众集会以庆祝俄罗斯革命? 5. in charge of 负责(某事) Mary was in charge of the baby. 玛丽负责照料这个婴儿? An experienced worker is in charge of the project. 一位有经验的工人负责此项工程? 6. in course of 在……的过程中 The new textbook is in course of preparation. 新的教科书正在准备之中? The railway is in course of construction. 这条铁路正在修筑中? 7. in danger of 有……的危险,可能遭受 The bridge is in danger of collapse. 这桥有倒塌的危险? We were in danger of being hit by a stone. 我们有被石头砸到的危险?
8. in defence of 保卫……,为……辩护 He gave his life in defence of his country. 为保卫祖国他献出了自己的生命? I can find nothing to say in defence of his action. 我说不出什么可为他的行为辩护? 9. in explanation of 解释……,说明…… What did he say in explanation of his lateness? 他说了什么以解释他的迟到? In explanation of his absence,he alleged(allege vt. 声称)that the message did not reach him. 为解释他的缺席,他声称没有接到通知? 10. in face of 面对着,在(危险困难的)情况下,在……的威胁面前 She showed great courage in face of danger. 面对危险,她表现出了巨大的勇气? What could he do in face of all these difficulties? 面对着这一切困难,他能做什么? 11. in favour of 赞成,支持;有利于 My sister was against my suggestion while my brother wasit.(2006 陕西卷 10 题) A. in honour of B. in memory of C. in favour of D. in search of 我妹妹反对我的建议,而我哥哥却支持?(答案为 C) The decision is in favour of us. 这个决定对我们有利? 12. in fear of 害怕,担心 The thief was in fear of the police. 小偷害怕警察? I’m in daily fear of dismissal. 我每天都担心被解雇? 13. in front of 在……前面 He placed the book in front of him. 他把书放在他跟前? At that moment two girls passed in front of us. 当时两个女孩子从我们前面经过? 14. in honour of(in one’s honour)为向……表示敬意;为庆祝……;为纪念…… We celebrate Mother’s Day in our mothers’ honour. 我们庆祝母亲节是为了向母亲表示敬意? A memorial meeting was held in honour of those killed in the battle. 为纪念在战斗中牺牲的战士,召开了一次纪念大会? 15. in memory of 纪念 I have just finished a long poem in memory of Robert Gregory. 我刚刚写完了一首纪念 Robert Gregory 的长诗? Many special ceremonies are in memory of famous men. 很多特殊的典礼是为了纪念名人? 16. in need of 需要 He was hurt,and in need of help.
他受了伤,需要帮助? We are in need of different types of designs. 我们需要不同类型的设计? 17. in place of 代替,用……而不用…… Use water in place of milk. 用水代替牛奶? The Chinese use chopsticks in place of knives and forks. 中国人用筷子而不用刀叉? 18. in possession of 占有,拥有,持有 Who is in possession of the property? 这财产归谁所有? He was found in possession of dangerous drugs. 他被发现拥有危险药品? 19. in praise of 赞扬……,称赞…… She wrote poems in praise of freedom. 她写诗讴歌自由? The leader spoke in praise of the man who had given his life for the cause. 领导者发言赞扬为事业献出生命的那个人? 20. in respect of 关于,就……来说 He told me the plan in respect of every detail. 他把计划的每一细节都告诉了我? His work is good in respect of quality but bad in respect of quantity. 他的工作质量高,但量不够? 21. in search of 寻找……,搜寻…… The boys went in search of something to eat. 男孩子们去寻找吃的东西? They started off at once in search of the missing girl. 他们立刻出发去寻找失踪的女孩子? 22. in sight of 可以看见(某物) We are in sight of land. 我们可以看见陆地了? We lived in sight of the school. 我们住在可以看见学校的地方? 23. in spite of 不管,尽管 In spite of his age,he still leads an active life. 尽管年事已高,他依旧过着一种忙碌的生活? In spite of all his efforts he failed. 尽管作了最大的努力,他还是失败了? 24. in support of 支持……,证明…… He spoke in support of the plan. 他发言支持这个计划? He even made some experiments in support of his views. 他甚至做了些试验以证明自己的看法? 25. in terms of 就……来说,从……的角度
He is a talent in terms of languages. 就语言来说,他是个天才? achievement,last week’s ministerial meeting of the WTO here earned a low,though not failing,grade.(2006 湖 南卷 27 题) A. In terms of B. In case of C. As a result of D. In face of 就成就而言(A),上星期在这里举行的世贸组织部长会议尽管不算失败,但得分不高? 26. in time of 在……时候 in time of war 在战时 in time of peace 在和平时期 One’s mind works fast in time of great danger. 急中生智? 27. in view of 有鉴于,考虑到,由于 In view of the facts,it seems useless to continue. 鉴于这些事实,继续下去似乎是无用的? In view of your departure tomorrow,can you spare me a few minutes? 你明天就要离开了,能空出几分钟和我谈谈吗?