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新人教一轮复习Book7Unit1


话题词汇 1.unfortunateadj.不幸的;遗憾的 2.disabilityn.残疾 3.lossn.丧失 4.sympathyn.同情 5.overcomev.克服 6.dowellin 在??方面做得好 7.physicaldisability 身体残疾 8.meetwith 遇到;经历;会晤 9.havegreatpotential 有很大的潜力 10.makefunof 取笑 经典语篇 根据下列提示写一篇残疾人事迹报道的短文,词数 100 左右。 1.王红是我的同学,一个可爱的女孩,但她是个残疾人。她 10 岁时因一场大火,烧伤了左 眼和右臂。 2.她不但学会了照顾自己,还鼓励其他残疾人保持积极乐观的生活态度。 3.她学习刻苦,成绩在班上名列前茅。 4. 我们希望所有人都不要歧视残疾人, 要为他们做些事, 比如建设一些方便他们的公共设施。 佳作欣赏 WangHongismyclassmate.Sheisalovelygirl.Butattheageoften , shebecamedisabledinabigfire , whichmadeherlefteyeblindandrightarmlost.


Shedidn’tgiveupanythinginspiteofherdisability.Notonlyhasshelearnedtotakecareofherself , butalsosheencouragesotherdisabledpeopletofacelifebravelyandleadanactivelife. WangHonglearnshardandtakestheheadinourclass.Andweallareinspiredbyher.Wehopeotherpeopl edon’tlookdownuponthedisabled.Whathealthypeopleshoulddo istodowhatwecantohelpthem




suchasmakingpublicequipmentmoreconvenientforthemtouse . 思维发散 1.将第①句中的定语从句改为现在分词短语作结果状语 Butattheageoften,shebecamedisabledinabigfire,makingherlefteyeblindandrightarmlost. 2.仿照第②句用 what 引导的主语从句完成句子 按照我的理解,在愉快的关系中最重要的是理解。(2016· 赣州模拟) Tomyunderstanding,whatmattersmostinahappyrelationshipisunderstanding. 3.仿照第③句用“make+复合宾语”完成句子 八万多人参加了比赛,使它成为了该地区最大的体育赛事。 Over80,000peoplecompetedintherace,makingitthebiggestsportingeventinthearea.



Ⅰ.重点单词 A.写作单词 1.adapt (vt.)使适应;改编 2.conduct (n.)行为;品行;(vt.)指挥;管理;主持 3.exit (n.)出口;离开;退场 4.ambition (n.)雄心;野心 ambitious (adj.)有雄心的;有野心的 ambitiously (adv.)有雄心地;有野心地 5.politics (n.)政治(学) political (adj.)政治的 6.beneficial (adj.)有益的;受益的 benefit (n.)利益;(v.)有利于,受益 7.annoy (vt.)使??不悦;惹恼 annoyed (adj.)颇为生气的 8.resign (vt.&vi.)辞职;辞去(工作、职位等) retire (vi.)退休 9.congratulate (vt.)祝贺;庆贺 congratulation (n.)祝贺;贺词 10.graduation (n.)毕业;毕业典礼 graduate (vi.)毕业 11.suitable (adj.)适合的;适宜的 suit (vt.)适合;(n.)套装 B.阅读单词 12.eyesight (n.)视力 13.clumsy (adj.)笨拙的 14.outgoing (adj.)外向的;友好的;外出的;离开的 15.companion (n.)同伴;伙伴 16.adequate (adj.)足够的;充分的 17.entry (n.)项目;进入;入口 18.fellow (n.)同伴;同志;伙伴;(adj.)同伴的;同类的 19.dignity (n.)尊严;高贵的品质

20.profit (n.)收益;利润;盈利 21.community (n.)社区;团体;社会 22.disability (n.)伤残;无力;无能 disabled (adj.)伤残的 disable (vt.)使丧失能力;使伤残 23.hearing (n.)听力;听觉 hear (v.)听见;听说 24.noisy (adj.)吵闹的;嘈杂的 noise (n.)噪音 25.absence (n.)缺席;不在某处 absent (adj.)缺席的 26.software (n.)软件 hardware (n.)硬件 27.psychology (n.)心理(学) psychologist (n.)心理学家 psychologically (adv.)心理(学)地;精神上地 28.encouragement (n.)鼓励;奖励 encourage (vt.)鼓励 29.abolish (vt.)废除;废止 abolition (n.)废除;废止 30.slavery (n.)奴隶制 slave (n.)奴隶 31.literature (n.)文学(作品);著作;文献 literary (adj.)文学的 32.assistance (n.)协助;援助 assistant (n.)助手 assist (vt.&vi.)协助;援助 33.access (n.)(接近的)方法;通路;可接近性 accessible (adj.)可接近的;可进入的;可使用的 34.handy (adj.)方便的;有用的 hand (n.)手;(vt.&vi.)传递;上交 35.outwards (adv.)向外 inwards (adv.)向内 36.approval (n.)赞成;认可

approve (vt.&vi.)认可;批准 disapprove (vt.&vi.)不赞成,反对 Ⅱ.重点短语 1.inotherwords 换句话说 2.outofbreath 上气不接下气 3.allinall 总而言之 4.makefunof 取笑 5.allthebest(口语) (祝你)一切顺利 6.adaptto 适合 7.sitaround 闲坐着 8.aswellas 和;也 9.inmanyways 在很多方面 10.nevermind 不必担心 11.meetwith 遇到;经历;会晤 12.cutout 切去;省略;停止(做某事) Ⅲ.经典句式 1.Sheisproudtohavetakenpartincompetitionsandtohavebrokenarecordbyrunningtwolaps (800metres) thisyear. 今年她很自豪地参加了多次比赛,而且打破了两圈(800 米)赛跑的纪录。 2.Sometimes,too,Iwastooweaktogotoschoolsomyeducationsuffered. 而且有时候我的身体很虚弱,以至于不能去上学,因此我的学习受到了影响。 3.Justacceptthemforwhotheyare,andgivethemencouragementtoliveasrichandfullalifeasyoudo. 接受他们,给予他们鼓励,让他们能像你一样过得丰富多彩、充实美满。 4.IreadinthenewspapertodaythatyouaretobethearchitectforthenewBankstowncinema. 今天我从报上了解到,您将成为班克斯敦新电影院的建筑设计师。 5.Ihaveaverybusylifewithnotimetositaroundfeelingsorryformyself. 我的生活很充实,没有时间闲坐着顾影自怜。 Ⅳ.课文语法填空 Martyisadisabledbut1.fairly(fair) positivepersonwhoneverfeelssorryfor2.himselfandhaslearnedtoadapttohisdisability.Martyalways3.c onsiders(consider) hehasagoodlife.Heisrealistic4.abouthisdisabilitybutheneverstopsdoingasmuchashe5.can.Hekeepshi mselfbusy6.doing(do) thingslikewritingandcomputerprogramming7.thatdonotrequirephysicalstrength.Hehasfriendswith8. whomhecangotomoviesandfootballmatchesandhehaslotsofpets.Healsostudieshard.Heisa9.mentally(

mental) strongandindependentboy.Martyisabletoliveasrichandfull10.alifeaseveryoneelse.

1.adapt v.使适应;使适合?adjust?;改编,改写?rewrite? [应试指导] 分词作状语的考查 ?1?adapt ?...? to ?使???适应于?? adapt oneself to 使自己适应?? adapt...for...为??改编?写?;改造??以供??之用 adapt from 根据??改编?写? ?2?adaptable adj.有适应能力的;能适应的 ?3?adaptation n.改编本;适应? (1)Duringtheonemonthstay IhadtoadaptmyselftotheirAmericanlifestyleandhelpthemunderstandthebestpartofChineseculture. 一个月的生活中,我只好使自己适应美国的生活方式并帮助他们理解中国文化的精髓。 (2)Thismachinehasbeenspeciallyadaptedforusingunderwater. 这机器是为水下使用而特别改装的。 多维训练 (1)单句语法填空 ①Theplayisadaptedfromanovel. ②Theseteachingmaterialscanbeadaptedforolderchildren. ③Whenyougotoanewcountry,youmustadapttonewmannersandcustoms. ④Thisplayisanadaptation(adapt) ofashortnovel. (2)同义句改写 Thedirectorwasfullyconvincedthatthismovingstory , ifitwasadaptedfortelevision , wouldbeahit.( 改 为省略句) Thedirectorwasfullyconvincedthatthismovingstory,ifadaptedfortelevision,wouldbeahit. 2.absencen.[C]&[U]缺席;不在某处;[U]缺乏 ?1?absence of mind 心不在焉 in sb.’s absence 某人不在时 in the absence of sth.缺乏某物 ,

?2?absent adj.缺席的;不在的;缺乏的 be absent from 缺席???

(1)Whatifshebecomesthemistressofthehouseinyourabsence? 你不在的时候,要是她成了那房子的女主人怎么办? (2)Intheabsenceofactualdata,noreliancecanbeplacedonsuchfigures. 在缺乏实际资料的情况下,这样的数据不可靠。 [特别提醒] (1)absence 通常为不可数名词,但表示缺席或离开的次数或时间时,为可数名词。 (2)表示做某事缺席,其后通常接介词 from。 多维训练 (1)单句语法填空 ①Nothinghappenedduringhisabsence(absent) fromAmerica. ②Hehasneverbeenabsentfromclassthisterm. ③Hecamebackafteranabsenceofsixmonths. (2)同义句改写 ①ThedecisionwasmadewhileIwasnotthere. Thedecisionwasmadeinmyabsence. ②Whenlackingproof,thepolicecouldnottakeactionagainsttheman. Intheabsenceofproof,thepolicecouldnottakeactionagainsttheman. 3.annoyvt.使??不悦;惹恼?makesb.angry?;打扰?bother? ?1?annoy sb.with/by 因??而使某人烦恼 ?2?annoyed adj.烦恼的,恼火的 be annoyed at/about sth.因某事而生气 be annoyed with sb.对某人生气 ?3?to one’s annoyance 使某人生气的是 ?4?annoying adj.讨厌的;恼人的?

(1)Trymakinganoteofthethingswhichannoyyou. 试着把烦心事写下来。 (2)Hegotveryannoyedwithmeaboutmycarelessness. 他因我的粗心大意而对我很生气。 多维训练 (1)用 annoy 的正确形式填空 ①Brownsaidhewasbynomeansannoyed ; onthecontrary ,

hewasgladtobeabletomakehimselfclearlyunderstood. ②Theannoyingthingabouttheschemeisthatit’sconfusing. ③Toherannoyance,thestrangerdidnotgoaway. (2)同义句改写 ①Brownsaidbynomeanswasheannoyed ; onthecontrary ,

hewasgladtobeabletomakehimselfclearlyunderstood.(用倒装句改写上题句①) ②Whatannoyedherwasthatthestrangerdidnotgoaway.(用主语从句改写上题句③) 4.accessn.?接近的?方法?means?;通路?path;road?;?使用或见到的?机会;权利?常与 to 连用 ??opportunity,orrighttouse?;可接近性 [应试指导] 后跟介词的用法 ?1?have/get/obtain/gain access to 拥有??的机会;可以接近;进入 give access to 准许进入?接近? ?2?accessible adj.可到达的;易懂的;随和的 be accessible to 可接近的;可靠近的;可使用的?

(1)Womenhadnoaccesstoeducationinolddays. 在过去,妇女没有受教育的权利。 (2)Amanagershouldbeaccessibletohisstaff. 一个管理人员应该让职员感到平易近人。 [特别提醒] (1)access 的本意是进入某一地点的“通道,入口”,侧重进入的手段与途径,其含义是抽象 的,一般用作不可数名词。其引申义可指“接近或取得??的方法、手段、权力等”,常与 介词 to 连用。此外,access 在计算机术语可作“访问,进网”讲。 (2)在 accessto 中,介词 to 后可接名词或代词,一般不接 doing。 多维训练 (1)一句多译 药品不应放在孩子们拿得到的地方。 ①Medicineshouldnotbekeptwhereitisaccessibletochildren.(accessible) ②Medicineshouldbekeptwhereitisoutofchildren’srange.(range) ③Medicineshouldbekeptwhereitisoutofchildren’sreach.(reach) (2)单句改错 Theaccesstoenteringthevillageisridingabike.去掉 entering

5.inotherwords 换句话说 多维训练 短语填空 inotherwords,keepone’sword,haveawordwith,inaword,havewordswith (1)Hetoldmethathehadwordswiththemanagerandlosthisposition. (2)Howcanweimprovemedicalcaretobenefitpeople ? Inotherwords ,

howcanwecreateahealthcaresystemthathelpspeople?(2015· 杭州质检) (3)Jackisgood,kind,hardworkingandintelligent.Inaword,Ican’tspeaktoohighlyofhim. (4)Gailkeptherwordandreturnedallthemoney. (5)Beingtheofficesupervisor,Ihadtohaveawordwithanewemployeewhoneverarrivedatworkontime. 6.outofbreath 上气不接下气 多维训练 (1)单句语法填空 ①Isawhimkickinghislegsintheairandbreathing(breath) heavily.(2015· 湖北) ②Jacktookadeepbreathandthendivedintothewater. ③Whenwebreathe(breath),theairgoesintoourlungs. ④Theperformanceleftmebreathless(breath) withexcitement. (2)完成句子 ①如果你跑得很快,你可能喘不过气来。 Ifyourunveryfast,youmayloseyourbreath/beoutofbreath. ②当我赶到学校时,我几乎上气不接下气了。 WhenIhurriedtoschool,Iwasalmostoutofbreath. ③这条意想不到的消息使我震惊地屏住了呼吸。 ThenewswassounexpectedthatIcaughtmybreathfromshock. 7.meetwith 遇到?runinto;comeacross?;经历?experience?;遭遇;会晤 多维训练 短语填空 meetwith,makeendsmeet,meetone’sneeds (1)They’vegottowatcheverypennytomakeendsmeet. (2)Weoftenmeetwithmanyunexpecteddifficulties. (3)Weareconfidentinmeetingyourneedsandwon’tletyoudown.

8.Ihaveaverybusylifewithnotimetositaroundfeelingsorryformyself.,我的生活很充实, 没有时间 闲坐着顾影自怜。 句型公式:现在分词短语作伴随状语 现在分词?短语?作伴随状语,表示伴随情况,没有相当的状语从句,汉译时一般译成并列复 合句。

(1)Hemadetheboysitthere,promisingtheywouldnothurthim. 他让那个男孩坐在那儿,保证他们不会伤害他。 (2)Lastnight,Mikemadeacalltome,sayingsorryforhisabsencefrommyweddingceremony. 昨晚,Mike 给我打了个电话,对缺席我的婚礼表示歉意。 多维训练 (1)完成句子 ①Thechildrenranoutoftheclassroom,laughingandtalkingmerrily/happily(欢快地谈笑着). ②Mr.Parkinsonstoodupandlefttheroom,closingthedoorbehindhim(关上了身后的门). ③Thereisnogreaterpleasurethanlyingonmybackinthemiddleofthegrassland,staringatthenightsky(凝 视着夜空). (2)单句改错 ①Markbeginshisbookwithacatalogueofvegetables explainstheirbenefitsforeach.explains→explaining ②Neverlosingheartandyou’llmakeaquickadvanceinyourproject.losing→lose ,

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.Seniorcitizens65andolderanddisabled(残疾的) customersmayrideforhalftheregularfare.(2014· 新 课标全国Ⅱ) 2.Theycanseemforgetfulandclumsy(笨拙的).(2015· 北京) 3 . Inaddition , Iamanoutgoing( 外 向 的 )

girlwhohasrichexperienceinorganizingschoolactivities.(2015· 陕西) 4 . Inmyfirstliterature( 文 学 ) allwithin45minutes.(2015· 重庆) class , Mrs.Smithaskedustoreadastoryandthenwriteonit ,

5.Ihadrecentlyhadabeagle,thefirstandonlyanimalcompanion(伙伴) Ieverhadasachild.(2015· 天津) Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1 . Although/Thoughthejobtakesasignificantamountoftime ,

moststudentsagreethattheexperienceisworthit.(2015· 湖南) 2 . HislatestbookTheSocialAnimal , however , ismoreambitious(ambition)

andseriousthanhisearlierbooks.(2015· 湖北) 3 . Whenevertheyounganimalisfrightened , disturbed , orannoyed(annoy) ,

ittypicallyrushestoitsmotherandrubsitselfagainstherbody.(2013· 浙江) 4 . Anotherbeneficial(benefit)

aspectofgroupexerciseistheinformationalsupportparticipantsreceivefromtheinstructor.(2015· 福建) 5 . Beforebuildingworkbegan , alotofpeopledidn’twanttheShard( 碎 片 大 厦 ) thoughtheplanswereapproved(approval).(2014· 湖北) 6 . Atthegraduation(graduate) ceremony , justassheexpected ,

shewasveryproudtostandwithaclassofcare,mannersandconfidence.(2015· 广东) 7.“Yourpartnercansaveyourlife—youcansaveyourpartner’slife,”Wellmansaidasthepairreceiv edcongratulations(congratulate) fromfriends.(2011· 安徽) 8.Alwayskeep(keep) inmindthatyourmaintaskistogetthiscompanyrunningsmoothly.(2015· 湖南) 9 . Allinall , IthinkstudyingEnglishbyactivities , especiallyinconnectionwithrecentthings , isabettermethod.(2010· 湖南) 10.Hefoundsomedifficultyadaptingtothelocalculture.(2014· 广东) Ⅲ.短语填空 cutout,inotherwords,adaptto,makefunof,aswellas,meetwith 1.Thenextdaywemetwiththepeoplewhoranthepark.(2014· 湖北) 2.Robinsaresingingallnight—aswellasduringtheday,Britishbasedresearcherssay.(2011· 四川) 3 . Whetherfromjealousyorfearofsomeonewholookedsodifferent ,

myolderbrotherssometimesteasedmeaboutmyunpleasingskin, ormadefunofmyclumsywalk.(2014· 江 苏) 4.Instead,wearediurnalcreatures,witheyesadaptedtolivinginthesun’slight.(2015· 浙江) 5 . Everyoneknowsconversationsstartingwithweatherspeakarenotrequestsforweatherdata.Inotherw ords,Englishweatherspeakisameansofsocialbonding.(2013· 重庆) 6 . Thedesignsarecutoutofthenylonwithahotknifethatsealstheedgesandthenfasteneddirectlyontotheki te.(2012· 安徽) Ⅳ.完成句子 1.例如,我喜欢的是这一章,该章讲的是 Harold 发现如何才能独立思考。

Ienjoyed,forinstance,thechapterinwhichHarolddiscovershowtothinkonhisown.(2015· 湖北) 2.每当我说“是的,我要去尝试。”时,我就获得了力量。 IgainedstrengtheverytimeIsaid,“Yes,I’lltrythat.”(2011· 天津) 3.吃太多和什么都不吃同样是坏事。 Toeattoomuchisasmuchabadthingastoeatnothing. 4.就像古时候的水手一样,鸟能利用太阳和星星找到它们的路。 Likeancientsailors,birdscanfindtheirwayusingthesunandthestars.(2015· 重庆) 5.为了赶上早班飞机,我们提前预定了出租车并且很早就起了床。 Tocatchtheearlyflight,weorderedataxiinadvanceandgotupveryearly.(2015· 北京)

写作素材 (关于个人发展) 1.汤姆是我的好朋友,是个外向的人。 2.尽管很笨拙且视力有缺陷,但是他有雄心,想有尊严地活着。 3.毕业后,在伙伴的鼓励和帮助下,他接触了文学。 4.现在他的作品已被改编为电影。 5.我祝贺他的成功。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用 who 引导的定语从句,省略句,过去分词短 语作状语等。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Tom, who is my good friend, is an outgoing person.Though clumsy and disabled in eyesight, he was ambitious and wanted to live a life with dignity.After graduation,encouraged and assisted by his companions,he gained access to literature.Now his works have been adapted for films.I congratulate him on his success.

Ⅰ.阅读理解 A Somepeoplecollectstamps.Otherpeoplecollectworksofartormusicalinstruments.ButamanintheAmeri canstateofMarylandcollectssecrets. Forthepast10years ,

peoplehavebeensendingFrankWarrenpostcardsandotherobjectswithsecretswrittenonthem.Henowhas amillionsecrets.“It’sadrawingofalift.Andthesecretsays: ‘IfeelguiltywhenItakeliftsforonefloor ,

soIlimpwhenIgetout.’”Franksaid. Tenyearsago,Mr.WarrencreatedanartprojectcalledPostSecret.Peoplethenbegantosendhimpostcards, otherobjectsandemailstellingtheirsecrets.EverySunday hechooses10secretsandputsthemonthewebsite. Mr.WarrensayshecreatedPostSecretsopeoplecouldsharetheirsecretsinasafeplace.“Iwasstrugglingwit hsecretsinmyownlife.Anditwasbycreatingthissafeplacewhereotherscouldsharetheirsecretswithme , IthinkthatspacewassomethingIneededjustasmuchastheydid.” Hehaspublishedsixbooksfullofthesecretspeoplehavesharedwithhim.Onesecretineachbookishis.EricP errydeliversmailfortheU . S.PostalService.HehasbroughtthousandsofsecretstoFrank’shomeoverth epastthreeyears.“IhaveacoupleofthebooksthatFrank’sgivenmeandI’vereadthemallandmyfamily hasreadthemallandit’swild!” TheprojectitselfwasonceoneofFrank’ssecrets.HiswifeJandidn’tknowexactlywhathewasdoinguntil thefirstbookwaspublished.Thepublishertoldhimthattheaddresswasgoingtobeonthebook andherefused.However , , ,

theaddresswastherejustbecauseofthecontractbetweenthem.ActuallyWarrenwasn’tveryhappyaboutt hat. SomepeopletellFrankoftheirsecretdesiretokillthemselves.SoheandthePostSecretcommunityhaveraise dmorethan 1milliontohelppreventsuicides(自杀). 1.ItisimpliedinMr.Warren’swordsinParagraph2that. A.thepersonwasashamedofusinganelevatorforonefloor B.Americansarenotallowedtouseanelevatorforonefloor C.thepersonfeltguiltywhenpretendingtobeadisabledone D.hehasreceiveddifferentsecretsaboutusinganelevator 答案 A 解析 细节理解题。根据“IfeelguiltywhenItakeliftsforonefloor,soIlimpwhenIgetout.”可知,A 为正确答案。 2.Mr.WarrencreatedPostSecretinorderto. A.satisfyhiscuriosityaboutothers’secrets B.collectmorematerialsforhisseriesofbooks C.offerasafeplaceforpeopletosharetheirsecrets D.earnalotofmoneybysharingothers’secretsonline 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。由第四段第一句话可知,Mr.Warren 创办这个项目是为了为人们的秘密 提供一个安全的存放地,故 C 为正确答案。

3.WhatwasMr.Warren’ssecretaccordingtothepassage? A.Heoncetooktheliftonlyforonefloor. B.Heisinterestedincollectingothers’secrets. C.Hecreatedanartprojectwithouttellinghiswife. D.Hehelpedpreventothersfromcommittingsuicides. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。由倒数第二段可知,这个计划本身曾经就是个秘密,Mr.Warren 的妻子 并不知情。故选 C。 B

InmyfirstweekasagraduatestudentatCambridgeUniversityin1964Imetwithafellowstudent twoyearsaheadofmeinhisstudies addiseaseandmightnotlivelongenougheventofinishhisPhDdegree.

, ;

hewasunsteadyonhisfeetandspokewithgreatdifficulty.ThiswasStephenHawking.Ilearnedthathehadab But , amazingly , hehasreachedtheageof73.Evenmeresurvivalwouldhavebeenamedicalmiracle , butofcourse ,

hedidn’tmerelysurvive.Hehasbecomearguablythemostfamousscientistintheworldforhisbrilliantrese arch,forhisbestsellingbooks,and,aboveall,forhisastonishingvictoryoverhardship. Stephenreceivedhis“deathsentence”in1964 ,

whenIthoughtitwashardforhimtogoonwithhisstudy.StephenwentfromAlbansSchooltoOxfordUnivers ity.Hewassaidtobea“lazy”undergraduate , buthisbrillianceearnedhimafirstclassdegree ,

an“entryticket”toaresearchcareerinCambridgeandauniquelyinspiringachievement. Withinafewyearsoftheburstofhisdiseasehewaswheelchairbound ,

andhisspeechwassounclearthatitcouldonlybeunderstoodbythosewhoknewhimwell.Buthisscientificca reerwentfromstrengthtostrength : hequicklycameupwithaseriesofinsightsintothenatureofblackholes (thenaverynewidea) andhowtheuniversebegan.In1974hewaselectedtotheRoyalSocietyattheexceptionallyearlyageof32. Thegreatadvancesinsciencegenerallyinvolvediscoveringalinkbetweenphenomenathatwerepreviously conceptuallyunconnected—forinstance ,

IsaacNewtonrealizedthattheforcemakinganapplefalltoearthwasthesameastheforcethatholdsthemoona ndplanetsintheirorbits.Stephen’srevolutionaryideaaboutalinkbetweengravityandquantum( 量 子 ) theoryhasstillnotbeentested.However , ithasbeenhugelyinfluential ; indeed ,

oneofthemainachievementsofstringtheory(







)

hasbeentoconfirmandbuildonhisidea.HehasundoubtedlydonemorethananyoneelsesinceEinsteintoim proveourknowledgeofgravityandheisoneofthetoptenlivingtheoreticalphysicists. 4.WhatimpressedtheauthormostaboutStephenHawking? A.Hisbrilliantresearch. B.Hisbestsellingbooks. C.Hisseriousdisease. D.Hisdefeatinghardship. 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。 根据第二段最后一句中的“...and, above all, for his astonishing victory over hardship.”可知令作者感受最深的是他能克服常人难以逾越的困难。故选 D。 5.WhatmadeStephenHawkingstarthisresearchcareeratCambridge? A.Hisdeathsentence. B.His“lazy”attitude. C.Hisaboveaveragetalentandability. D.Hisrichexperience. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“He was said to be a ?lazy? undergraduate,but his brilliance earned him a first?class degree...”可知选 C。 6.ItcanbeinferredthatStephenHawkingwasborn. A.intheearly1940s C.intheearly1930s 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。根据第四段最后一句“In 1974 he was elected to the Royal Society at the exceptionally early age of 32.”可判断霍金出生于 1942 年。故选 A。 7.Whatcanwelearnfromthetext? A.Hawking’stheorywasprovedyearsago. B.HawkingwasnotassuccessfulasNewton. C.StringtheorybuiltonHawking’sidea. D.Hawking’stheoryhashadlittleinfluenceonothers. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。 根据最后一段中的“...one of the main achievements of string theory(弦理论) has been to confirm and build on his idea.”可知, 霍金的理论帮助弦理论得到证实。 故 C 项正确。 Ⅱ.完形填空 B.inthelate1940s D.inthelate1930s

Aftermybrotherdiedinanaccident



mymotherwasverysad.Iwasonly4yearsoldatthetime



butIstillunderstoodthe8inmymom’sattitudetowardsafety.9,everythingarounduswaspotentially10. Igrewupwithalotof11andrulesthatweremeantto12me.Forexample Iwasnot13towalkhomefromschoolbymyself eventhougheveryoneIknewalreadydid.Icouldn’t14eveningpartiesorgotosummercamp 15whatifsomethinghappenedtome? AsIgotolder thelistofthingsto16gotlonger.Ibecameanatural17.Iwasconcernedaboutthingslikegettingcancer losingmywallet , beingcaughtincaraccidentsandearthquakes—18bigandsmall , , , , , , , , ,

realand19.Thefunnypartisthatyou’dneverknowitbylookingatmylife becauseI’mconstantly20myselftodothethingsthatfrightenorworryme.Infact I’vedevelopeda21formyself : Ifitscaresme

thenIhavetodoit22once.I’vedonelotsofthingsthatwouldhave23mymom:I’veriddenamotorcycle, I’vetraveledalone,andI’veperformedstandupcomedy. Courageisn’tanaturalattribute( 品 质 )

ofhumanbeings.Ibelievethatwehavetopracticebeingcourageous.Themore24Idothingsthatscaremeorth atmakeme25,themoreIrealizethatIcandoalotmorethanIoriginallythoughtIcoulddo. EventhoughIinherited( 经 遗 传 获 得 ) mymother’scautious26 , ,

I’vealsocometobelievethatfearcanbeagoodthing ifwe27it.Believingthathasmademyworldalessscaryplace. 8.A.hint C.scene 答案 B B.change D.lesson

解析 哥哥的死是一个转折点,自那以后,妈妈的安全意识发生了改变(change),故选 B。 9.A.Slowly C.Fortunately 答案 D 解析 一切转变都是从哥哥去世那一刻开始的,所以是很突然的(suddenly)。 10.A.important C.convenient 答案 D 解析 根据下文母亲不让我做的事可知周围的一切都有潜在的危险(dangerous)。 11.A.restrictions C.judgements B.considerations D.comparisons B.inspiring D.dangerous B.Logically D.Suddenly

答案 A 解析 根据句中的 rules 可知此处要填一个意义类似的词,故选 A。 12.A.limit C.protect 答案 C 解析 这些限制和规矩意在保护(protect)我。 13.A.allowed C.reminded 答案 A 解析 根据 rules 可知母亲“不允许”我从学校独自走回家。 14.A.arrange C.decorate 答案 B 解析 根据母亲对安全问题的谨慎、小心和 evening 一词可知她不让我参加(attend)晚会。 15.A.but C.or 答案 D 解析 上文提到我不能做很多事情,原因是妈妈怕我发生不测。 16.A.hope C.count 答案 B 解析 随着年龄的增长,那份我害怕的东西的名单也越来越长。 17.A.worrier C.adult 答案 A 解析 根据“Iwasconcernedaboutthingslikegettingcancer, losingmywallet...”可知, 我变成了一 个本能的忧虑者(worrier)。 18.A.ideas C.actions 答案 D 解析 gettingcancer,losingmywallet,beingcaughtincaraccidentsandearthquakes 这些都是“灾 B.affairs D.disasters B.dreamer D.thinker B.fear D.bear B.though D.because B.attend D.support B.encouraged D.advised B.help D.train

难”(disasters)。 19.A.special C.imaginary B.common D.practical

答案 C 解析 根据 bigandsmall 可知此处也需要一个与 real 相对的词,故选 C。imaginary 表示“虚 幻的”。 20.A.expecting C.forcing 答案 C 解析 根据下文的“Ihavetodoit”可知, 我总是“强迫”(force)自己去做那些令我害怕或担忧 的事情。 21.A.rule C.case 答案 A 解析 根据“Ifitscaresme,thenIhavetodoit...”可知,我已经养成了这个习惯。 22.A.inall C.afterall 答案 D 解析 根据下一段所述的向困难、恐惧挑战可知,如果有事情让我感到害怕,我就必须最少 (atleast)做一次。 23.A.threatened C.confused 答案 B 解析 我做的很多事情都是母亲不允许的, 所以她如果知道的话, 一定会“震惊”(shock)的。 24.A.rarely C.often 答案 C 解析 根据上一句“Ibelievethatwehavetopracticebeingcourageous.”可知此处表示:我越经常 B.quickly D.fairly B.shocked D.entertained B.atmost D.atleast B.form D.hobby B.warning D.promising

去做那些令我害怕的事情,我就越会认识到自己能做比原先想的更多的事情。 25.A.confident C.happy 答案 B 解析 根 据 “Idothingsthatscareme” 可 知 此 处 也 需 要 填 有 类 似 含 义 的 词 。 故 选 B , B.uncomfortable D.generous

uncomfortable 不舒服的,不安的。 26.A.nature C.work 答案 A B.duty D.task

解析 根据 inherited 可知此处指:我遗传了妈妈谨慎小心的本性(nature)。 27.A.know C.avoid 答案 D 解析 从上文的介绍可以总结出:我认识到如果能面对(face)恐惧,这也是件好事情,因为这 能使人更勇敢。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Aesop( 伊 索 ) wasaslavelivingaround550BC.Wecallthestorieshewrotefables andentertaining , , B.get D.face

aseverystoryhasamoral.Almostallthefableshewroteare28.humorous(humor) appealingtopeople29.ofallages.Todate ,

Aesop’sfables30.have_been_translated(translate)

intomanylanguagesandareknownallovertheworld.Notonly31.havethefablesthemselveslivedfornearly 1500years,but32.expressions(express) fromthemhaveenteredvariouslanguages. Onefable , forinstance , inthemud , ,

isaboutafarmerwhowasdrivinghiscartalongacountryroad.Thecartgot33.stuck(stick) butthefarmermade34.no/littleefforttogetitout.Instead

hebegantopraytothegodsforhelp.ThegodHerculesfinallyappearedandtold35.themantogetbusyandpus h36.it.“Pushyourshouldertothewheel.”Herculesadvised. Themoralofthestoryisclear.Wemustn’trelyonothersforhelp.Anothersayingwhichhascomefromthefa bleis“Godhelpsthose37.whohelpthemselves.”


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