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牛津高中英语模块三 Unit 2


晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 2

Unit 2
句型公式 1.主句+when/while/as 从句

Language

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晨背佳句〃日积月累

When the family came here from Russia,

they were penniless. 当这家人从俄罗斯回来时,身无分文。

晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 2

2.主句+after/before+从句 We went home after we had finished the work. 我们完成工作后就回家了。 3.主句+until 从句 He didn’t leave until I came back. =Not until I came back did he leave. =It was not until I came back that he left. 直到我回来他才离开。 He waited until I came back. 他一直等到我回来。

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晨背佳句·日积月累
交际用语

Unit 2

1.enjoy yourself:to be happy and experience pleasure in a particular situation 过得愉快;感到快乐 Enjoy yourself and have a happy day! 祝你过得愉快,幸福每一天! 2.look before you leap:to say that it is wise to think about possible dangers or difficulties before doing something 三 思而后行 When determined to do something,you’d better look before you leap. 决心做某事时,你最好三思而后行。

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.occupy vt.占领,占用(时间、空间等)→be occupied with 忙于?? 2. consist vi.组成, 构成→consist of 由??组成→consist in 在于 3.mixture n.混合,混合体→mix... with ...把??和?? 混合 4. contribution n. 贡献, 促成因素; 捐赠→contribute to 有 助于;是??的原因

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

5.process n.过程;进程→ in the process of 在??的过 程中 6.concern n.关心;忧虑;vt.涉及;使担忧;对??感兴 趣→as far as ...be concerned 就??来说 7.conclusion n.结论;推论→ in conclusion 总之 8.differ vi.相异,有区别→differ from ...in...在??方面 和??不同 9.convenient adj.方便的→ at one’s convenience 在某人 方便时 10.combine vt. & vi.组合;(使)联合→combine ... with ... 把??和??结合起来

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

B

构词记忆法 n.更换; 替换

1.replace vt.替换,代替,取代→ replacement 2.entire adj.完全的,整个的→ entirely 地

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adv.整个地;完全

3. distinction n. 区别, 差别→ distinct adj.不同的; 单独的; 明显的 4.spelling n.拼写→ spell v.拼写

5.character n.(书写或印刷)文字,符号;人物;性格→

characteristic n.特征,特色

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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6.racial adj.人种的,种族的→ race n.种族;赛跑 7.gentle adj.温柔的,平和的→ gently adv.温柔地 8.embarrass vt.使尴尬,使难堪→ embarrassment n.尴 尬,难堪 9. interrupt vi. & vt.插嘴, 打断, 暂停→ interruption 断 10.appearance n.外观,外貌→ appear vi.出现 n. 打

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

C 语境助记法 The latest version of typewriter is very practical.Its simplified appearance is very beautiful.It represents the most advanced progress in this field.It differs from the traditional ones.It will make our work and life more convenient.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

学情自测 A.用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 1.He carried on, ignoring interruptions (interrupt) from the defense lawyer. 2.He is such an embarrassment (embarrass) to his family. 3.The twins are almost identical in appearance(appear). 4.Hubble reached the conclusion (conclude) that theuniverse was expanding. 5. All contributions (contribute) will be gratefully received.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

B.将左栏的单词和右栏的英语释义连接起来 1.practical 2.occupy 3.official 4.distinction 5. unique A.very special, unusual, or good B.a difference between two things C.to keep sb. busy at an activity D.done by people in authority E. intended to be useful or suitable, not just fashionable or attractive
答案 1.E 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.A

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基础梳理·授之以渔
Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.be made up of 由??组成 be made in 在??制造 2.name after 以??命名

Unit 2

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in the name of 以??名义
3. aside from 除??之外

apart from 除??之外
4.lead to 导致 result in 导致 5.stand for 代表,象征 stand by 袖手旁观

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

6. as a whole 作为整体,总体上

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on the whole 总的说来
7.make contributions to 对??作出贡献 contribute to 捐献;有助于 8.come into use 开始使用 come into effect 生效

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

学情自测 选词填空 name after, contribute to, come into...use, as a whole, stand by 1.Would you like to contribute to our collection? 2.We can’t just stand by and watch her die. 3.His views are not popular with the townspeople

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as a

whole .
4.Albert was named after his grandfather. 5.When did this word come into common use ?

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1. That is why English has so many difficult rules (为什么 英语有那么多很难的规则)that confuse people. 2. fact, would not be able to understand it if we heard In we

it today (如果我们今天听到它).
3. Aside from place names such as London Old English. (除了诸如伦 敦这样的地名外),very few Celtic words became part of

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

4. When we speak English today, sometimes feel puzzled we about which words or phrases to use (要用哪些单词 或短语). 5.On the other hand, the English language did borrow

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many words from French (英语确实从法语中借用了很
多单词). 6.After the Norman Conquest,highclass people spoke French while common people spoke English (而普通人 说英语).

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

7.Braille, invented by a Frenchman is a language for blind people.

(由一位法国人发明),

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8.By the 10th century, Old English had become the official

language of England (已经成为英国的官方语言).
9.Both countries have slowly changed the way they say the

same words (他们说同样单词的), in different ways. but 10. Not all characters (并不是所有的汉字)were developed
from drawings of objects.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

Ⅳ.教材与高考 1.(教材原句)Aside from place names such as London, very few Celtic words became part of Old English. (2011· 福建,22) A.Far from C.Instead of good service, the restaurant B.Apart from D.Regardless of offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dishes.

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命题思路 答案选 B 项。 本题考查短语辨析。 from 离?? far 远;远非;instead of 代替,而不是;regardless of 不管怎样; apart from=aside from 除??之外。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

变式训练

Quite

C

the fact that he has no

qualifications, Mr.Berry is not a suitable person to work here. A.other than C.aside from B.rather than D.instead of

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解析 句意为:即使不考虑他没有资格证书的事实,贝里先 生也不是在这儿工作的合适人选。 aside from=apart from, 既 可表达 but, except 的意思,也可表达 besides 的意思。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

2.(教材原句)For example, the word sick came from a word once used by the Angles and the Saxons, while ill came from a word once used by the Norwegians. (2009· 安徽,22)—I wonder how much you charge for your services. —The first two are free A.while C.when B.until D.before the third costs $30.

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命题思路 答案选 A 项。考查连词的正确选择问题。while 可译为“而,却”,连接前后两个单句构成一并列句。until, when, before 引导时间状语从句。when 也可连接单句构成并 列句,其意义为“这时,此时”。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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变式训练

I do every single bit of housework, B.while D.as

B

my

husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A.since C.when

解析 句意为:我每一项家务活都干,而我丈夫只是偶尔刷 刷盘子。while 而,却,符合题意。

基础梳理·授之以渔
Ⅴ.单元语法自测——名词性从句 用适当的连词填空

Unit 2

1.I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is

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why he never finishes anything.
2.We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know whether she’ll accept it. 3.Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach how to read first. 4. There is clear evidence that all to interpret is bodily pain. 5. What Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. the most difficult feeling of

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.occupy v.to fill or use a space, an area or an amount of time 使用, 占用; fill your time or keep you busy doing to sth.使忙于;忙着 be occupied (in) doing sth.忙于做某事 occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth.忙于做某事 be occupied with sth.从事/忙于做某事 occupation n.消遣;业余活动;业余职业

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)You can imagine how fully occupied I became,raising four boys under the age of 8! (2011· 天津,阅读 B) 抚养四个 8 岁以下的孩子,你可以想像我是多么的忙! (2)One of my childhood stamps. 我孩提时代的消遣之一是收集邮票。 (3)Many strange ideas occupy his mind. 他满脑子都是奇异的想法。

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occupations

was collecting

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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2.replace v.to get rid of sb. or sth. and put a new person or thing in their place 更换;替换;代替 replace sb./sth. with...用??替换/取代某人/物 in place of sb.=in sb.’s place 代替某人 take one’s place=take the place of sb.代替某人

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)It is still under discussion whether the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. (2011· 重庆,22) 老汽车站是否应该被一个现代化的宾馆代替仍然在讨论 之中。 (2)My daughter replaced the cup carefully in the saucer. 我女儿小心翼翼地把杯子放回茶碟。 (3)It’s not a good idea to miss meals and

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replace

them

with snacks. 不吃正餐,改吃点心,这不是什么好主意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

3.ban v. to decide or say officially that sth. is not allowed 禁 止;取缔;n. an official rule that says that sth. is not allowed 禁令 ban sb. from (doing) sth.禁止某人(做)某事 a ban on sth.对某事的禁令 put/place a ban on sth.宣布禁止某事

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)The driver declared guilty may be fined a maximum of HK? 25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years in prison and punished for 10 drivingoffence points ; or temporarily banned from driving. (2011· 福建,阅读 A) 被宣布有罪的司机可能被处以最多 25 000 港元的罚金和 被判处最多 3 年监禁,并处以 10 个违章驾驶点的处罚, 或者暂时禁止开车。 (2)After the accident, he was banned from driving . 事故发生后,他被禁止驾车。 (3)They signed agreements banning the use of chemical weapons. 他们签订了禁止使用化学武器的协议。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.The Chinese government has decided to ban smoking in public places across the country. (2010· 广东) b.Thirdly, we must stop water pollution by law.(2010· 福建) c.To solve the problem, Chinese government decided to forbid people from using plastic bags.

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4. conclude v. decide or believe sth. as a result of what you to have heard or seen 断定;推断;to come to an end 结束, 终止; arrange and settle an agreement with sb. formally to and finally 达成;订立;缔结 to conclude 最后 arrive at/reach/come to/draw a conclusion 得出结论 in conclusion 总之;最后

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)By the time I contented myself with the conclusion that he and I were strangers, we were greeting each other warmly every morning like old friends. 一样每天早晨都会热情地打招呼了。 (2)We came to the conclusion that he was against our plan. 我们得出结论他反对我们的计划。 (3)They concluded a treaty with Turkey. 他们同土耳其缔结了一项条约。 (2009· 天津,完形) 当我得知我和他只是陌生人的结论时,我们已经像老朋友

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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5.interrupt v.to stop someone when they are speaking or concentrating on something 打断;打扰;中断;中止 interrupt sb./sth.打断某人(事) interruption n.中断;打扰;插嘴 without interruption 不间断地

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1) Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas. (2011· 北京,阅读 C) 高科技产品扰乱课堂秩序,破坏学生的注意力,同时使 学生过多地依赖外部信息(有碍于学生的独立思考)。 (2) I’m sorry to interrupt you , but could you tell me the way to the hospital? 对不起,打扰了,你能告诉我去医院怎么走吗? (3)I managed to work for two hours without interruption . 我总算连续工作了两小时。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

6.represent v.to speak or act officially for another person, group, or organization 代表; be a sign or symbol of sth. to 表示;象征;描绘 represent sb./sth. as/to be...宣称某人为??;把某事叙 述为?? represent sth. to sb.向某人说明/传达某事 be representative of(=be typical of)是??的代表, 是??中典型的 stand for 代表;象征 on behalf of sb.=on sb.’s behalf 代表某人;为了某人; 代替某人

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)The only problem arose in New York,where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. 众人口味的书。 (2)You should management. 你们应向管理阶层说明你们的不满。 (3)He is a people’s representative. 他是一位人民的代表。 (2011· 天津,阅读 C) 唯一的问题出现在纽约, 当地读者无法确定一本能够代表

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represent

your complaints

to

the

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

易混辨析

represent,stand for 名师指津 (1)represent 用来表示“代表某人 / 某个团体(政府等)”、“某种标志

一试身手

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(1)The red lines

represent
stand for ?

代 表 ??” 、 “ 某 物 表 现 的 是 ??” 和 “ 把 某 人 ( 物 ) 描 绘 成??”。 (2)stand for 往往用来表示“(字母、 数字、符号等)代表??”。

railways.

(2)What does “VIP”

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

7.combine v.to come together to form a single thing or group; to join two or more things or groups together to form a single one 结合;组合;联合;合并 combine...with...把??与??结合起来 combine against 为反对??联合起来 in combination with 与??联合

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)Like her mother, Irene combined family and career. (2011· 陕西,阅读 B) 像她的母亲一样,Irene 也把家庭和工作结合了起来。 (2)The workers

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combined against

the boss.

工人们联合起来反对老板。 (3)It took the combined efforts of both the press and the public to bring about a change in the law. 这项法律的变更来自媒体和公众的通力合作。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

8.distinguish v. to recognize the difference between two people or things 区分;辨别;to be a characteristic that makes two people, animals or things different 成为?? 的特征;使具有??的特色 distinguish...from...使??有别于?? distinguish between...and...区分??和?? distinguish oneself by 使出众;使自己扬名 be distinguished for 因??而出名

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)We could hardly distinguish the orangecolored spots of the kites. (2011· 浙江,阅读 D) 我们几乎分不清风筝上的橙色斑点。 (2)The man distinguished himself by his wisdom. 这个人因智慧而扬名。 (3)Speech distinguishes human beings from the animals. 使用语言是人类区别于动物的特征。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

9. convenience n. quality of being useful, easy or suitable the for sb.方便;便利;便利的事物 at one’s convenience 在方便时 for convenience 为方便起见 convenient adj.方便的,便利的 It is convenient for sb. to do sth.对某人来说干某事很 方便

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注意

(1)convenient 作表语时,不能用表示人的名词或代词

作主语,多用于 It is convenient for sb. to do...这一句型。 (2)convenience 意为“方便;便利”时为不可数名词;表示 “便利的事物;便利设施”时可数。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)All of this was about more than convenience. (2011· 新课标全国, 阅读 A) 所有这一切不仅仅是为了方便。 (2)Let’s debate about this matter at your convenience . 在你们方便的时候我们讨论一下这件事。 (3)Is it convenient for you to pick him up after the meeting? 会后你用车去接他方便吗?

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 occupy,replace,ban,conclude,interrupt,represent,combine, distinguish,convenience 1.Let’s go somewhere where we can talk without interruption . 2. me conclude my speech with a saying: Let Where there is a will, there is a way. 3.She is fully occupied in looking after three small children. 4. She has been banned from leaving Greece while the allegations(指 控) are investigated.

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

5.He has replaced Mr. Brown as president. 6.The twins are so alike that no one can distinguish from the other. 7.The firm is working on a new product in with several overseas partners.

one

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combination

8.We bought this house for convenience ;it’s near the school. 9.He represented himself to be/as an expert.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.The thirteen stars on the American flag thirteen colonies that announced independence. A.show C.represent B.sign D.explain

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C

the

解析 句意为:美国国旗上的十三颗星代表十三个宣布独立 的州。represent 代表,符合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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2.As a peaceloving country, we’ll declare a total

A
A.ban

on nuclear arms. B.arrival D.movement

C.control

解析 句意为:作为一个热爱和平的国家,我们宣布全面禁 止核武器。ban 禁止,符合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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3.It is bad manners to a conversation. A.disturb C.interrupt

C

others while they are having B.bother D.drop in

解析 “打断某人的谈话”用 interrupt。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4.—Ann seems to be upset. What’s up? —She

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B

from the voice on the line that her mother B.concludes D.contains

is not satisfied with her test scores. A.includes C.suggests

解析 答语句意为:她根据电话中的声音断定母亲对她的考 试成绩不满意。conclude from...从??推断。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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5. man who thought of The A.comparing C.competing

B

a gas engine with wheels B.combining D.communicating

was the inventor of automobiles.

解析 combine...with...把??和??结合起来。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

6.

A

herself with routine office tasks, she had no time (2012· 蚌埠模拟) B.Occupied D.To be occupied

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to attend to her children. A.Occupying C.Being occupied

解析 occupy oneself with/in doing sth.忙于(做)某事。在句中 occupy 与主语 she 之间为主动关系,故用现在分词形式作状 语。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

7.Come and see me whenever A.you are convenient B.you will be convenient C.it is convenient D.it will be convenient to you
解析

C

.

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convenient 作表 语时,主语 不能是人 ,可用 it is

convenient for/to sb.结构。D 项时态错。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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8.Color blind people often find it difficult to

B

between blue and green. B.distinguish D.contrast

A.separate C.compare

解析 句意为: 色盲的人常感到很难区分蓝和绿。 distinguish 意为“区别”。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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9.John is not here today. Who can game? A.replace C.instead of

A

him in the

B.take the place D.in place of

解析 replace sb.=take the place of sb.代替某人。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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短语与句式 1.consist of 由??组成(无进行时,也无被动语态) consist of=be made up of=be composed of consist in...存在于??,在于?? consist with...与??一致,与??相符

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by dessert,fruit and coffee.(2011· 天津,阅读 A) 正餐经常由肉与蔬菜或鱼与蔬菜,紧跟着是甜点、水果和 咖啡等所组成。 (2)The committee consists of ten members. 委员会由十人组成。 (3)True education does not consist in simply teaching facts. 真正的教育并不在于简单地讲授事实。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.name after 以??的名字命名 (1)name sb.after...以??的名字给某人/物命名?? name sb.as...任命/委任某人为?? (2) by the name of...名叫??的 by name 凭名字,用??的名字 under the name of...以??为名字 in the name of...以??的名义

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)As a child,Jack studied in a village school,which is named after his grandfather. 名字命名。 (2)He writes under the name of Han Han. 他以“韩寒”这个名字发表著作。 (3)He has been named as monitor. 他已被提名为班长。 (2010· 课标全国,24) 孩提时代,杰克在一所乡村学校学习,该学校以他祖父的

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

3.lead to 导致,造成(后果)(cause,result in,bring about); 通向 (1)lead to 中 to 是介词,后跟名词、代词或 v.- 形式。 ing lead sb.to+n.带领??通往,引导某人 lead sb.to do sth.使得某人做某事 (2)lead a...life 过着??的生活 (3)in the lead 领先;处于首位

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take the lead 带头;领先

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)But that often leads to reduced value over time,in the form of lowerquality products and services. (2011· 四川,阅读 E) 但是随着时间的流逝,那样通常会导致价值的降低,以质 量低的产品和服务表现出来。 (2)Carefulness leads to/results in/causes/brings about success while failure may lie in/result from carelessness. 细心便会成功,而失败可能是因为粗心。 (3)All roads

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lead to

Rome.

条条大路通罗马。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a. However, they have also caused some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams. changes. (2011· 江西) (2011· 福建) b.It’s love and concern that have brought about the great c.Around 540 million people are affected by secondhand smoke, which causes 100,000 deaths per year.(2010· 广东) d. Using the mouse for a long time may lead to painful wrists and fingers. (2009· 江苏)

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4.differ from 和??不同,不同于??

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different

adj.不同的

difference n.不同
differ in 在??方面不同 differ with= disagree with 不同意 be different from 与??不同 make a/no difference 起/不起作用;产生/不产生影响? tell the difference between A and B 分清 A 与 B

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)Life in the cities is very different from life in the countryside,where things move at a quieter and slower pace. 节奏也较缓慢。 (2)Man differs from beasts in that the former is able to laugh,while the latter aren’t. 人不同于野兽,因为前者能笑,而后者却不能。 (3)Mutual support and trust often make a great difference. 互相支持与信任往往很重要。 (2011· 安徽,阅读 D) 城里的生活非常不同于农村的生活,在农村情况较安静,

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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语境活用 They are sisters but they are (1) different from (不同) each other (2) in their habits and they also (3) differ from (不同) each other in many ways.But that (4) doesn’t make any difference (不受影响).

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

5.stand for 是??的意思;代表,支持;主张;容忍,忍 受(用于否定句) stand out 突出,显眼;杰出 stand by 袖手旁观,无动于衷;支持某人 as it stands 照此情况 from where I stand 依我的观点/立场

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)The first could not stand seeing the poverty, he took all so the gold and jewels from his waggons and shared them out among the villagers. 的金银财宝分给村民。 (2)The letters WTO stand for World Trade Organization. 字母 WTO 代表世界贸易组织。 (3)The new road sign is easy to read;the words stand out well. 新路标容易辨认,上面的字很醒目。 (2011· 陕西, 完形) 第一位富人不能忍受看到这种贫困, 他从马车上取出所有

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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6.That is why English has so many difficult rules that confuse people.正因为如此,英语才成了一种具有许多令 人困惑不解的规则的语言。 句式提取:That is why...

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1) 句型 That/It/This is/was why...“那是??的原因”(结 果)是 why 引导的表语从句;why 引导表语从句时,主语一 般是 that,this,it。 =That/It/This is/was the reason why...(why 引导定语从句) (2)because 也可以引导表语从句, 但和 why 引导的表语从句 差别很大。 That/It/This is/was because... =The reason is/was that...那是因为??(原因) (3)The reason why...is that/because...?? 的 理 由 , 是 因 为??

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)I’m afraid reading some of these books is hard work, and that is why you have to develop as a reader. 恐怕阅读这些书(原著)是一件艰苦的工作,那正是你成长 为一名读者的原因。 (2)That’s why he was absent from school. 那就是他没来上学的原因。 (3)The reason

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why he chose

the school is because it is

close to his house. 他选择这所学校,是因为它离他家近。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

7.The question of whether English will keep on changing in the future is easy to answer.未来英语是否会继续变化这 个问题很容易回答。 句式提取:...of whether... whether 引 导 的 从 句 作 介 词 of 的 宾 语 。 连 接 词 whether(是否)可以用来引导名词性从句,与 if 意思相 同;但 if 引导的句子只能作动词的宾语从句,其他的名 词性从句应用 whether 来引导。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)It makes but little difference whether you own a farm or not. 您是否拥有一个农场没有多大差别。 (2)All I want to know is whether or not you’re interested in the plan. 我想知道的是你是否对这一计划感兴趣。 (3)Whether it is true remains a question. 到底是真是假还是个问题。

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高频考点·深度探究
易混辨析 whether,if 一试身手 (1)I don’t know whether or not she will come. (2)That depends on whether you are suitable for the job. (3)It doesn’t make any difference whether he agrees with me or not. (4) Whether to go to Beijing hasn’t been decided. (5)I want to know whether /if he has made progress in English.

Unit 2

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名师指津 (1)在主语从句、表语从句 和同位语从句中一般用 whether。 (2)在宾语从句中, whether 与 if 通常可以互换,但以 下情况只用 whether: ①当从句作介词宾语时, 一般用 whether。 ②与 or not 连用时,一般 用 whether。 ③与不定式连用时,一般 用 whether。

高频考点·深度探究
对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空

Unit 2

consist of,name after,lead to,differ from,stand for 1.I

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stand for after

freedom of speech for everyone.

2. “It is the first time that a British airport has been named an individual”,said the Airport Operators

Association. 3.Their house differs from mine in size. 4.The brain consists of matter”. 5.It’s said that a cigarette end “grey matter” and “white

led to

the forest fire.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.我不知道他们是否要来求我们帮助。 I don’t know whether they will come for our help or

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not . 2.我没穿雨衣也没带雨伞,所以全身都淋透了。
I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. That’s why I got wet all through.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.She always differs the vacation. A.on;with C.at;with

B

me B.with;on D.from;in

how to spend (2012· 马鞍山模拟)

解析 differ with sb.on...关于??和某人意见不同。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

2. Tasmania was A.called C.made

B

after its discoverer, A.J.Tasman. B.named D.said

解析 be named after...意为“以??命名”。call,make,say 均不能用于此结构。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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3.The world

D

seven continents and four oceans. B.makes out of D.consists of

A.makes up of C.is consisted of
解析

句意为:世界由七大洲和四大洋组成。 consist of

由??组成,不能用于被动语态;A 项应为 be made up of 结 构;B 项不对。故选 D 项。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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4.The good result A.lies;lead C.lies in;lead to

C

the correct methods,that is to good result. B.leads to;lie in D.lies to;lead to

say,correct methods

解析 句意为:好的结果在于正确的方法,也就是说,正确 的方法导致好的结果。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

5.He has been acting very strangely these days.I can’t

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D

his actions at all. B.account to D.stand for

A.ask for C.call for

解析 句意为:这些天他行为古怪,我根本不能容忍他的行 为。stand for 忍受,容忍。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

6.—What do you think of Japan’s nuclear disasters? —

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C

they happened or not makes no difference to B.If D.When

me. A.That C.Whether
解析

下句句意为:无论它们是否发生,对我没有影响。

whether...or not,习惯搭配,用来引导名词性从句。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

7.—I went to see my friends off at the airport. —Is that meeting? A.because C.how B.why D.reason

B

you were late for the important

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解析 考查表语从句。 句意为: ——我去机场为朋友们送行。 ——那就是你参加重要会议迟到的原因吗?根据句意可知 此处说明迟到的原因,要用 why 引导表语从句。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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8.It is not immediately clear will soon be over. A.since C.when

D

the financial crisis (2011· 苏州月考)

B.what D.whether

解析 句意为:金融危机是否很快会结束,不会立刻明了。 whether 是否,符合句意。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

写作提升〃步步为赢
人物简介 一、写作内容 1.age,sex,birthplace,background(人物基本概况) 2.appearance,character(外表、性格) 3.education(人物的教育背景) 4.big events in his or her life (in order of time)(按时间顺序 写人的经历、生平) 5.evaluation (你的评价)

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写作提升·步步为赢
二、套语背诵

Unit 2

1.职位头衔用同位语,年龄性别与家境也可用同位语。如: Sun Shuwei,a world champion in diving,is a boy of 14 from Guangdong. 孙淑伟是来自广东的 14 岁男孩,他是世界跳水冠军。 I’m Li Hua,a girl of seventeen. 我是李华,是位 17 岁的女孩。 Abraham Lincoln,the son of a poor family,was born in Kentucky on February 12,1809. 亚伯拉翰· 林肯这位贫苦家庭的孩子,于 1809 年 2 月 12 日出生在肯塔基州。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

2.介绍出生的时间、地点和家境用分词结构,使文章更简 洁。如: Yao Ming,born in Shanghai in 1980,is a world famous basketball player. 姚明于 1980 年出生在上海,是一位世界著名的篮球运动 员。 Born of a poor clerk’s family,Charles Dickens had little schooling. 查尔斯· 狄更斯出生在贫苦的职员家庭,他几乎没有受过 什么教育。

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写作提升·步步为赢
3.描写外貌巧用 with 短语。如:

Unit 2

My top leader is a handsome young man, with black hair and big eyes. 我的领导是一位有着黑色的头发,一双大眼睛的英俊年 轻人。 4.生平事迹尽量用复合句、并列句、非谓语动词短语和倒 装等高级语句。如: In his life,he got many honors,one of which is the 2005 CCTV Moving China Award. 在他的一生中, 他获得了许多荣誉, 其中包括获得“2005 年感动中国年度人物”的称号。(定语从句)

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

In 2006, having broken the world record and got the gold medal,he became the idol of the youth. 2006 年,在打破世界纪录并获得金牌之后,他成了年轻 人的偶像。(分词短语) Not only does he show interest in science,but also he has a gift for music. 他不但对科学极感兴趣,而且他还有音乐天赋。(倒装句 式) 5.写成长经历按时间顺序。如:when he was a small boy, at (the age of) five,in 2006,a year later...

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写作提升·步步为赢
6.评价尽量运用短语。如:

Unit 2

Lei Feng set a good example to us,so all the people showed great respect to him. 雷锋给我们树立了一个良好的榜样,所以所有的人都敬 仰他。 此外,以下短语很有用,请熟读背诵: (1)be admitted into a key university 考上重点大学 (2)major in law 主修法律 (3)get a master’s degree 获得硕士学位 (4)graduate from Beijing University 毕业于北京大学 (5)win the first prize 获得一等奖

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

(6)win a gold medal 赢得一枚金牌 (7)win the Nobel Prize 获得诺贝尔奖 (8)become a world champion 成为世界冠军 (9)set a good example to us 给我们树立了良好的榜样 (10)be highly thought of 受到好评 (11)be awarded a medal for 因??而获奖 (12)be awarded the title of 获得??称号 (13)devote...to...把??专用于/奉献给?? (14)do well in/be good at 擅长 (15)be strict with...对??要求严格

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

(16)be fond of/enjoy/love/like doing sth.喜欢做某事 (17)be active in...在??方面活跃 (18)be lively/healthy 活泼/健康 (19)be ready to do...准备好做?? (20)be granted as...被批准为?? 三、范文欣赏:用英语简单介绍王利凯同学 Wang Likai, monitor of Class 3 Grade 2, tall, is healthy and lively.He is not only good at all his subjects,but also he is fond of sports,singing and dancing.

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

When he was admitted into our school,he had much difficulty in learning English,but through hard work he made great progress in learning English.In 2010,he took part in the National Physics Olympic Competition and won the first prize.Wang Likai is very strict with himself in his work and daily life,and is always ready to help others.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

语篇图解〃答题策略
四、细节理解题(Ⅱ) 技巧点拨 3.综合信息题 这类题目往往涉及文章的几句话或几个段落,因此要求 考生把原文所提供的信息综合起来分析,而不能断章取义, 也不能张冠李戴。

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

典例 1 “The key part of using a radioactive battery is that when you harvest the energy,part of the radiation energy can damage the lattice structure( 晶 体 结 构 ) of the solid semiconductor,”Kwon said.“By using a liquid semiconductor,we believe we can minimize that problem.” 73.Liquid semiconductor is used to A.get rid of the radioactive waste B.test the power of nuclear batteries C.decrease the size of nuclear batteries D.reduce the damage to lattice structure .

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

解析

细节理解题。该段末句可简化为“Liquid semicondu-

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ctor can minimize that problem.”,而此处的 that problem 就是指上句中提到的对晶体结构的破坏。将两个细节信息综 合起来可知,液态半导体是用来减小对晶体结构的破坏的。 minimize 与 reduce 是近义词。
答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

典例 2 t may not be coincidental that Betty,who expected relatively longer pauses between turns,is British,and Sara , who expected relatively shorter pauses , is American.Betty often felt interrupted by Sara.But Betty herself became an interrupter and found herself doing most of the talking when she met a visitor from Finland.And Sara had a hard time cutting in on some speakers from Latin America or Israel.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

65.According to the passage,who are likely to expect the shortest pauses between turns? A.Americans. C.The British. B.Israelis. D.The Finns.

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解析 细节理解题。由该段可知,贝蒂是英国人,同萨拉谈 话时会插不上话,但在同芬兰人说话时她成了主导者;而萨 拉是美国人,同拉丁美洲人或以色列人谈话时,她就插不上 嘴。由此可推知,拉丁美洲人和以色列人谈话时语速最快, 停顿最短。
答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

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