1997-2013 年全国卷英语短文改错 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单 词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：把缺词处加一个漏符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处
，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 NMET 1997 Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. I’d like to your penfriend, and get to know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself. My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. I go Hongqi Middle School. We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese, English and physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. Do you play any ball games? What your favorite sport? I look forward to hear from you soon. Yours, Li Hua NMET 1998 My Favorite Sport My favorite sport is football. I was a member of our school football team. We practise for three times every week and often watch football match on TV together. Play football not only makes us grow tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit. We must keep mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. Also, the sport teaches us the important of obedience (服从). Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game. NMET 1999 The Problem with Television Now I can’t watch much television but a few years ago I was used to watch it every night. I was often a little tired after a day’s work and watch TV demands very little effort. Unfortunate, there are too many people among my family. Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot time arguing and there was no way of settle the matter except by selling the TV set. Now someone at home reads instead. 2000 春季 Dear Peter, Thanks very much on inviting me to your birthday party on Sunday. I’d like very much come but had an examination on Monday morning. It is a very important exam but I can’t afford to fail it. I’ll spend all the whole weekend reading and prepare for it. So I’m really sorry that I won’t be able to come in this time. Hope you can understand. I’ll take this chance wish you wonderful time on your birthday. Happy birthday, Peter, and many happy return of the day! Yours, Li Ming NMET 2000 The day before the speech contest (比赛) English teacher talked to me. She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success, but it didn’t matter that I would win or not. When I was in the stage the next day, I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf. There were so many people present! Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. She was smiling but nodding at me. I remembered her words and calm down. I did a good job and won the first prize. Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library. Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher. 2001 年（全国卷 II） Like most of my schoolmates. I have either brothers nor sisters, in any other words, I am an only child. My
parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can make sure that I get a good education. They did not want me to do any work at family; they want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. We may be one family and live under a same roof, but we do not seem to get much time to talk about together. It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. Do they really understand their own daughter? What things are in other homes, I wonder. 2002 年（全国卷 II） Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows. it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animal. The weather was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited. As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. On the way I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly. Evening came down. We spent the night in a hotel at the top of the mountain. The food was expensive and the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. 2003 年（全国卷 II） When I first learned write in English, I ran into many difficulties. The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English. My teacher advised me to keep my diary. I followed her and should put down 100 words or so each day. Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. she liked it very much and reads it to the class .All said the story was a good one . Their word were a great encouragement to me. 2004 年（全国卷 II） Dear Ralph, I’m a newcomer here of a small town. I would describe myself as shy and quietly. Before my classmates, it seems always difficult for me to do things well as them. I'm sure they will laugh to me and see me as fool. So I feel unhappy every day. Besides, I have few friends. I don't know that they don't like to talk with me. Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class, but after class we become stranger at once. I am trying to improve the situation since it doesn’t seem to work. Can you tell me about what I should do? Yours, Xiao Wei 2005 年（全国卷 III） Dear Mr. Brown, I am writing to thank you with your kind help. Before you came to teach us, I had not interest in English. My pronunciation was terribly. I could only speak a few words. But one and a half year later, I now think English fun to learn. I got a lot of from your encouraging words. I will always remember what you said, “If you try to, you can be No. 1!” I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home and will come to China again sometimes in the future. I will write again and send you the photos we take together. Yours sincerely, Li Min 2006 年（全国卷 III） An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England in the balloon in 1784. High over the water, they discover a hole in the balloon. The hole became bigger and bigger. The air keeps the balloon up was escaping quick and the balloon was coming up. The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light. It started to rise higher again. So it was still too close to the water. Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves. The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised see this when the balloon landed in front of them. 2006 年（全国卷 II） We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotel ago. They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning. They came back lately and had some tea. I came in the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light. He was looking for a glass the cupboard. He had no ideas that the kitchen was not for guests. I just smiled to me and thought, “What can I do? We are guests after all.” 2007 年（全国卷 II）
Dear Grandpa, Thank you for your letter. My school is organizing a basketball team and there’s just a chance which I can join it. I'm little of course, but terribly quick and bravely. While the others are jumping about in the air, I can run under my legs and get the ball. It will be lots of fun for practicing out in the playground in the afternoon with the tree around us all red and yellow and everybody laughing and shout. These are the happier girls I've ever seen and I' m the happiest in all! I meant to write long letter and tell you all the things I' m doing at school, but the bell was ringing, so I just have to stop here. Love, Judy 2008 年（全国卷 I） Dear Alice, I have just got some good mews to tell to you. I win a national prize for painting last week. My father was so pleasing that he suggested I go to England for a holiday. I’d like to staying there for half a month, visiting place of interest or practicing my English as well. We’ve been writing to each for nearly a year now. I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you. I imagine you’ll be at vacation yourself by that time. Perhaps we could go out do some sightseeing together. Best, Lily 2008 年（全国卷 II） If I have the honor to be chose to work for the 29th Olympic Games, I will at first improve my English so that I can talk easily about foreign visitors. Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic Games. Third, since I was familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors find their ways in the city. Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture or show them their great achievements. In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. 2009 年（全国卷 II） Hi Susan, I’m sorry that I wasn’t able to return to your bike on time yesterday. I mean to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, and I was hold up on my way back. Just before I turned corner of Park Street, I happened to see an accident. The little girl was hurt and her mother needed help. So I helped them going to the nearest hospital. I stayed here for one and a half hour and made sure that the girl was all right. When I got back, it were already 6 pm. I hope you understand. Thank you! Li Ling 2010 年（全国卷 I） It was a chance of a lifetime to win the first prize on the Story Writing Show. All I had to do was to write a story or present it. My teachers have been telling me how great my writing was. So if they had said was true, I would have a chance of winning the prize. What were better, I had useful help. There was Uncle Chen, gentleman living near my house, who was a very much famous writer. He agreed to reading my story and give me some advices on how to write like a real writer. 2010 年（全国卷 II） Christie was one of my best friend at high school. At that time, we often spend time together. Thank to her help, I made great progress in my study. Last year, she decided to study to abroad. In other words, we would be separated long time. Before her leaving off, I prepared a gift to show my best wishes to him. She said it was the best gift she has ever had. From then on, we’ve kept touch with each other through e-mails. I look forward to see her again in the near future. 2011 年（全国卷 I） One of my unforgettable memory of my school in Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. I hold my lunch-box in my hand when I was going to school. The smell from it was very good. Since the lunch bell finally rang, my friends and me met under a tall tree and had our lunches. My best friend Aigulie was used to share her Nang
with me. Nang is a specially kind of cake in Xinjiang. I like them very much. Now Aigulie and I study at different colleges or we can only see each other during the summer vacation. I think over her a lot and I miss the food and the good time we had together. 2011 年（全国卷 II） Dear George, It's been a week after we left your family and we are now back home. Thank you very much for showing them around your city and providing us for the wonderful meals. After we said goodbye to you, we went to Washington D.C. ,that we stayed for three days. My brother was so much fond of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying another couple of day. However, my father had to return to work on Monday so we fly back last Saturday afternoon. It was really a nice experience. If you'd like to make trip to our city some day, I will be better than happy to be your guide. Yours, Mike 2012 年（全国卷 I） Every one of us can make a great efforts to cut off the use of energy in our country. To begin with, all of us can start reducing to the use of oil by driving only when we have a real need. That won't easy, I know，but we have to start anywhere. What's more, we can go to work by bike once and twice a week, and we can also buy smaller cars that burn less oil. Other way is to watch our everyday use of water and electric at home. For example, how many times have you walked out of a room and leave the lights or television when no one else was there? 2012 年（全国卷 II） Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you opinion about water saving. Water is important. We, as well as animal, cannot live without water and neither agriculture or industry can go without it. Yet it seemed water is becoming less and less. Many countries in the world find we don’t have enough water. To deal with a problem, I think, we should first go all out to plant trees though trees will help save water. Next, no drinking water should left running. Third, we should find ways to reuse the water using in washing, especially bath water for which is quite a lot, and that will save much water. Sincerely, Li Hua 2013 年新课标 1 I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now. I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. 2013 年新课标 2 The book I’m reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain．It is said to have started in the early 1800’s．Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o’clock at night． This custom soon becomes another meal of day． Interesting, it had a connection by the British porcelain （瓷器） industry．Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles．When tea got popular in Britain, there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits．This made for the grow in the porcelain industry． 2013 年 (全国一卷） My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing.
2013 年 (全国二卷） Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. I called my parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was enjoying Brazil. As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do. 2014 年 (全国一卷） 第四部分写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错 误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号()，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2． 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Nearly five years before ,and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes（圣女果） in our back garden, since then---for all these year---we had been allowing tomatoes to self seed where they please . As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors .Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problem. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at on cost! 2014 年 (全国二卷） 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 非选择题答案： （2015 全国一卷）第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:
1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it. （2015 全国二卷）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏子符号（∧）并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded.
Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into
the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents
were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to
wait outside a shop. Five minutes later. Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to
see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would
never happen again.
1997-2013 年全国卷英语短文改错 NMET 1997 1. learn 改为 learnt 或 learned。2. to 后加 be 或 become。3. 删去 more。4. where 改为 which。 5. go 后加 to。6. subject 改为 subjects。7. use 改为 used。8. interesting 改为 interested。9. What 后加 is。10. hear 改为 hearing。 NMET 19981. was 改为 am。2.删去 for。3. match 改为 matches。4. Play 改为 Playing。5. give 改为 gives。 6. keep 后加 in。7. instead 后加 of。8. important 改为 importance。9. captain 前加 the。10. they 改为 we。 NMET 19991. 删去 much。 2. 删去 was。 3. watch 改为 watching。 4. Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately。 5. among 改为 in。6. the 改为 one。7. am 改为 was。8. a lot 后加 of。9. settle 改为 settling。10. someone 改为 everyone 或 everybody。 2000 春季 1. on 改为 for。2. much 后加 to。3. had 改为 have。4. but 改为 so。5. 删去 all。6. prepare 改为 preparing。7. 删去 in。8. chance 后加 to。9. wonderful 前加 a。10. return 改为 returns。 NMET 20001.English teacher 前加 my。2. schoolmate 改为 schoolmates。3. that 改为 whether。4. in 改为 on。 5. as 改为 that。6. 删去 a。7. but 改为 and。8. calm 改为 calmed。9. is 改为 are。10. 删去 often。 2001 年（全国卷 II）76、either 改为 neither。77、去掉 any。78、在 can 后面加 to。79、did 改为 do。80、family 改为 home。81、subject 改为 subjects。82、a 改为 the。83、去掉 about。84、and 改为 or。85、What 改为 How。 2002 年（全国卷 II）76、在 famous 前加 a, 77、animal 改为 animals。78、we 前加 when 79、them 改为 us. 80、visiting 改为 visited。81、picture 改为 pictures.。82、passes 改为 passed, 83、去掉 down。84、and 改为 but， 85、去掉 at。 2003 年（全国卷 II）76、learned to 77、去掉 in 78、anything 改为 everything 79、my 改为 a 80、去掉 should. 81、 talk 改为 talking。82、me 改为 myself。83、showed 后加 it 84、reads 改为 read. 85、word 改为 words 2004 年（全国卷 II）76. of→from 77. quietly→quiet 78. well 前加 as 79. to→at 80. a fool 81. that→why 82. talked→talk 83. stranger→strangers 84. since→but 85. 去掉 about 2005 年 （全国卷 III） 76.with 改 for 77.not 改 no 78.terribly 改 terrible 79.year 改 years 80. fun 前加 is 81. a lot 82. 去掉 to 83. 在 pleasant 前加 a 84.sometimes 改 sometime 85.take 改 took 。 2006 年（全国卷 III）76.the→a 77. discover→discovered 78.keeps→keeping 79. quick 改为 quickly 80.up→down 81.light→lighter 82.So→But 83.his→their 84.去掉 for 85.see 前加 to 2006 年（全国卷 II）76. have had 77. ago→before 78. 去掉 that 79. lately→late 80. in 改为 into 81. but→and 82. 在 glass 后加 in 83. ideas→idea 84. me→myself 85. We→They 2007 年（全国卷 II）76. which -- that 77. bravely -- brave 78. my -- their 79. 去掉 for 80. tree -- trees 81. shout 改为 shouting 82. happier -- happiest 83. in – of 84. write ∧ long -- write (a) long 85. was -- is 2008 年（全国卷 I）76.去第二个 to 77win→won 78.pleasing→pleased/happy 79.staying→stay 80.place →places 81.or→and 82.each 后加 other 83.talk→talking 84.at→on 85. out to 2008 年（全国卷 II）76.chose→chosen 77.去掉 at 78.about→with/to 79.about 后加 the 80.good→well 81.was→am 82.ways→way 83. or show 改为 and show 84.their→our 85.making→make 2009 年（全国卷 II）76. 去掉第二个 to; 77. mean 改为 meant; 78. and 改为 but; 79. hold 改为 held; 80. turned the corner; 81.The 改为 A；82. going 改为 go; 83. here 改为 there; 84. hour 改为 hours; 85.were 改为 was 2010 年 （全国卷 I） 76.去掉第二个 a 77. on 改为 in 78. or 改为 and 79. have 改为 had 80. they 前加 what 81. were 为 was 82. Uncle 后加 a 83.去掉 much 84. reading 为 read 85. advices 为 advice 2010 年（全国卷 II）76.friend→friends 77.spend→spent 78.Thank→Thanks 79. to abroad 改为 abroad 80. a long 81.去掉 off 82.him→her 83.has→had 84. kept in touch 85. see→seeing 2011 年（全国卷 I）76.把 memory 改为 memories。77.在 lunches 前面加 the。78.把 hold 改为 held。79. 把 Since 改为 When/After。80.me 改为 I 81. 把 was 去掉。82. 把 specially 改为 special。83. 把 them 改为 it。84. 把 or 改为 and。85. 把 over 改为 of。 2011 年（全国卷 II）76. after---since 77.them---us 78. for---with 79. That 改为 Where 80.去掉 much 81.staying---stay 82.day---days 83.fly---flew 84.trip 前 a 85.better---more 2012 年（全国卷 I）1. efforts 改为 effort 2.off 改为 down 3.把 to 删掉 4. won't be 5. anywhere---somewhere 6. and —or 7. Other---Another 8. electric—electricity 9.and 改为 but 10 television 后加 on 2012 年（全国卷 II）76.you 后加 my 77.animal-animals 78.or-nor 79.seemed-seems 80.we-they 81.a-the/this/that 82.though-because/since/as 83. left 改为 be left 84.using-used 85.去掉 for
2013 年新课标 1 1.hold 改为 hold 2.passes 改为 passed 3.much 改为 well/clearly 4.shoulder 改为 shoulders 5.toward 改为 to/into 6.himself 改为 him 7. he was 改为 and he was 8.去 a 9.during 改为 when 10.never 改为 ever 2013 年新课标 2 1.去 of 2.Have 改为 Having 3.that 改为 which 4.becomes 改为 became 5. of day 改为 of the day 6. Interesting 改为 Interestingly 7.by 改为 with/to 8.drank 改为 drunk 9. good cup 改为 good cups 10. grow 改为 growth 2013 年 (全国一卷）1.visit 改为 visited 2.but 改为 and/so 3. comfortably 改为 comfortable 4.were 改为 was 5.for 改为 with 6.for→with 7．taking→taken take 8．dish→dishes 9．such 后加 a such 10．me→mine 2013 年 (全国二卷） 1.before 改成 ago; 2. for 去掉； 3.Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately 4. week 改为 weeks； 5.so 改为 but；6.will 改为 would；7.myself 改为 me 8.farther 改为 far; 9.interested 改为 interesting; 10.truth 前面加 the 2014 年 (全国一卷
2014 年 (全国二卷） My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson There in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. don’t much Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. hours My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers looks and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the sit lake listening∧ music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our to teachers but also our friends. helpful
（2015 全国一卷）When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living thought in a city, but I miss my home in∧countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. the and Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of with studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs serious air we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to Many find protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it.
our/the （2015 全国二卷）
. 71. parent 改为 parents 72. on 改为 in 73. very 去掉 74. looks 改为 looking 75. where 改为 that 76. begun 改为 began 77. telling 改为 told 78. a 改为 the 79. saw 后加 his 80. terrible 改为 terribly