年普通高等学校招生统一考试（上海卷） 2006 年普通高等学校招生统一考试（上海卷） 英语试题 英语试题
本试卷分为第 1 卷(第 1-12 页)和第Ⅱ卷(第 13 页)两部分。全卷共 13 页。满 分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第 1 卷 (共 105 分) 考生注意： 1. 答第 1 卷前。考生务必在答题卡和答题纸上用钢笔或圆珠笔清楚填写姓名、 准考证号
、校验码. 并用铅笔在答题卡上正确涂写准考证号和校验码。 2. 第 1 卷(1-16 小题. 25-84 小题)由机器阅卷, 答案必须全部涂写在答题卡上。 考生应将代表正确答案的小方格用铅笔涂黑。 注意试题题号和答题卡编号一一对 应, 不能错位。 答案需要更改时。 必须将原选项用橡皮擦去, 重新选择。 答案不能写在试卷上。 写在试 卷上一律不给分。第 1 卷中的第 17-24 小题和第Ⅱ卷的试题, 其答案写 在答题纸上, 如写在试卷上则无效。 I. Listening Comprehension Part A Short Conversations Directions： Directions： In Part A. you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it. Read the four possible answers on your paper. and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. On March 2. B. On March 3. C. On March 5. D. On March 8. 2. A. At a cinema. B. At an airport. C. At a railway station. D. At a stadium. 3. A. Old castles. B. Hunting games. C. A seaside holiday. D. An adventure. 4. A. By bus. B. By underground. C. On foot. D. By bicycle. 5. A. Go to the movies. B. See a doctor. C. Get some fruit. D. Stay at home 6. A. Car seller. B. Police officer. C. Detective. D. Reporter 7. A. Funny B. crazy. C. Amused. D. P1eased 8. A. They’d better not go riding. B. Riding a bike is a great idea. C. It’s not good riding in the rain D. They can go riding half an hour later 9. A. There won’t be enough cups left. B. They’ve got
plenty of cups. C. They’re buying what they need. D. They’ve got enough food for the picnic. 10. A. He's unable to finish his homework. B. He can’t give the woman his computer. C. He's to remove the virus. D. He's infected with some disease. Part B Passages irections: Directions: In part B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Some engineers. B. The landlord of the pub. C. The former employees. D. Some customers of the company. 12.A.Threeyears ago. B. Five years ago. C. Last year. D. This year. 13. A. Why a company lost its customers. B. Why a company went out of business. C. How a company went from bad to worse. D. How a company got out of its difficult situation Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following report. 14. A. Physics. B. chemistry. C. English Literature. D. Media Studies 15. A. More than 144,000. B. About 147,500. C. 7.5％ of all the test takers. D. 4.6 ％ of all the test takers. 16. A. Few students avoid harder subjects. B. Each subject has the same level of difficulty. C. Some subjects are more difficult than others. D. Pupils are important to t11e country’s development. Part C Longer Conversations Directions: Directions: In Part C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in me numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. B1anks l 7 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Taxi Order Form
Name: John Smith Time: 5:30 a.m., ___17___, June 8th To: The ___18___ From: 99 Kent Street, near Carlington ___19_____ Phone Number: ____20____ Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. ______21_______ She should __22__ all the way to the right. He is __23__ for maintaining buildings. When is it suitable for the engineer ___24___ later. to come? Complete the from. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Ⅱ. Grammar and Vocabulary Beneath each of the following sentences there are four Directions: choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. —It’s a top secret. —Yes, I see. I will keep the secret _____ you and me. A. with B. around C. among D. between 26. Black holes _____ not be seen directly, so determining the number of them is a tough task. A. can B. should C. must D. need 27. Send my regards to your lovely wife when you _____ home. A. wrote B. will write C. have written D. write 28. A typhoon swept across tiffs area with heavy rains and winds _____ strong as 113 miles per hour. A. too B. very C. so D. as 29. I made so many changes in my composition that only I could read it. To _____ else, it was hard to make out. A. none B. everyone C. someone D. anyone 30. A dozen ideas were considered _____ the chief architect decided on the design of the building. What does the woman complain about? What does the man suggest the woman do first? Why is the engineer sent up?
A. because B. before C. whether D. unless 31. Eugene's never willing to alter any of his opinions. It’s no use _____ with him. A. to argue B. arguing C. argued D. having argued 32. When he turned professional at the age of 11, Mike _____ to become a world champion by his coach and parents. A. expected B. was expecting C. was expected D. would be expected 33. Energy drinks are not allowed _____ in Australia but are brought in from New Zealand. A. to make B. to be made C. to have been made D. to be making 34. Russ and Earl were auto mechanics _____ the same pay, but Earl had more ambition. A. to earn B. to have earned C. earning D. earned 35. One advantage of playing the guitar is _____ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A. how B. why C. that D. when 36. The mother felt herself _____ cold and her hands trembled as she read the letter from the battlefield. A. grow B. grown C. to grow D. to have grown 37. In an hour, we can travel to places _____ would have taken our ancestors days to reach. A. where B. when C. which D. what 38. My parents were quarrelling about me _____ I could not quite tell why. A. since B. though C. if D. until 39. He spoke proudly of his part in the game, without mentioning _____ his teammates had done. A. what B. which C. why D. while 40. _____ automatically the e-mail will be received by all the club members. A. Mailed out B. Mailing out C. To be mailed out D. Having mailed out 41. You can see the stars on a clear night, but in the daytime they are _____. A. unavoidable B. invisible C. inaccessible
D. unavailable 42. When Jane began to take swimming lessons, her main _____ was the fear of water. A. evidence B. crisis C. obstacle D. danger 43. Try not to start every sentence with “the”. _____ the beginnings of your sentences. A. Vary B. Decorate C. Form D. Describe 44. I hope I will not be called on in class as I’m not yet _____ prepared. A. attentively B. readily C. actively D. adequately 纵观全国 19 套英语试题，上海卷的语法与词汇部分是相对简单的，比较好地 体现了二期课改的要求，不搞偏题怪题，考察基本用法和常用单词的基本含义， 也使得学生在答题过程中容易上手。 每年的上海卷，雷打不动的考点包括：介词、代词、形容词/副词、情态动词、 动词的时态与语态、非谓语动词，等，可以作为重点复习内容。 25. 本题考察介词的运用。你我之间的秘密，表示两者之间用介词 between，故 选 D。介词的用法比较多，学生只需要掌握常用介词的常用含义即可。 26. 本题考察情态动词。黑洞不能被直接看见，表示能够，用 can/could，故选 A。 27. 本题考察动词的时态。 “主将从现”是时态的常主要考点，空格处作为从句 的谓语动词，用一般现在时，故选 D。 28. 本题考察比较级的常用表达方式。作为“等比”表达方式的基本形式，as… as、not as(so)…as 是学生必须掌握的，故选 D。 29. 本题考察代词的运用。原句意为“对于其他任何人，都很难理解” ，表示其 他任何人，用 anyone else，故选 D。 30. 本题考察时间状语从句。意为“在…之前” ，故选 B。 31. 本题考察非谓语动词中动名词的应用。学生应该记住一些固定语法，如本句 中，It’s no use + V-ing（做什么事情毫无用处） ，故选 B。 32. 本题考察动词的语态。首先要确定该空格为主句的谓语部分（这点很重要， 很多学生不会根据句子的成分来确定所填是谓语还是非谓语，造成盲目选 择） ，其次句末的 by 表明是被动语态（被指望……） ，故选 C。 33. 本题考察非谓语动词中不定式的应用。sb/sth be allowed 后只能加上不定 式成分，并且由于饮料是被生产出来，故选 B。 34. 本题考察非谓语动词中分词的应用。现在分词可以充当定语，单必须和先行 词之间是“主动”关系。本题中 earning the same pay 即作为现在分词短 语修饰 auto mechanics，故选 C。 35. 本题考察表语从句。鉴于“it can give you a great deal of pleasure” 是对于 “One advantage of playing the guitar”的回答，没有疑问色彩， 故选 C。 36. 本题考察补语。grow 作为系动词只能采用主动形式，并且在 feel 之后的补 语成分省略不定式 to，故选 A。
37. 本题考察定语从句。先行词 places 作为定语从句中的主语，只能使用 which 或者 that，并且不能省略，故选 C。 38. 本题考察让步状语从句。Though 在句中表示转折关系，本句意为“我的父母 为我而吵架，尽管我并知为何而吵。 ” 39. 本题考察名词性从句，what 作为疑问的形式充当 had done 的宾语，故选 A。 40. 本题考察非谓语动词中分词的应用。动词 Mail 的逻辑主语是句子的主语 email，由于邮件是被寄出，所以应该用过去分词表示被动含义，故选 A。 “星星在白天难以见到” ，故选 B。 41. 本题为单词辨析， 42. 本题为单词辨析， “学习游泳过程中面临的最大困难就是对于水的恐惧” ，所 谓困难就是面临的障碍，故选 C。 43. 本题为单词辨析， “写句子是不要总用 the 开头，要学会变换句子的开头的 形式” ，故选 A。 “没有做好充分的准备” ，故选 D。本题容易误选 B，其实 44. 本题为单词辨析， readily 意为“乐意地，容易地” ，不要受到 ready 的影响。 III. Cloze Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. 上海卷是唯一采用两篇 cloze 文章的省份，两篇文章之间有很好的区分度， 并且非常强调“上下文之间的联系” ，很多答案可以在上下文中找到提示。 (A) Several years ago, well-known writer and editor Norman Cousins became very ill. His body ached and he felt constantly tired. It was difficult for him to even __45__ around. His doctor told him that he would lose the ability to move and eventually die from the disease. He was told he had only a 1 in 500 chance of survival. __46__ the diagnosis(诊断), Cousins was determined to overcome the disease and survive. He had always been interested in medicine and had read a book, which discussed the idea of how body chemistry and health can be damaged by emotional stress and negative __47__. The book made Cousins think about the possible __48__ of positive attitudes and emotions. He thought, “Is it possible that love, hope, faith, laughter, confidence, and the __49__ to 1ive have positive treatment value?” He decided to concentrate on positive emotions as a way to treat some of the symptoms of his disease. In addition to his traditional medical treatment, he tried to put himself in situations that would __50__ positive emotions. “Laugh therapy” became part of his treatment. He __51__ time each day for watching comedy films, reading humorous books, and doing other activities that would draw out __52__ emotions. Within eight days of starting his ‘‘laugh therapy” program his pain began to __53__ and he was able to sleep more easily. He was able to return to work in a few months’ time and __54__ reached complete recovery after a few years. 45. A. run B. pass C. move D.
travel 46. A. Besides D. Beyond 47. A. attitudes positions 48. A. shortcoming D. interest 49. A. emotion D. will 50. A. bring about D. make up 51. A. afforded arranged 52. A. positive D. mixed 53. A. escape end 54. A. generally presently
B. Despite B. beliefs B. harm B. pain B. set about B. appointed B. approving B. decrease B. especially
C. Without C. goals C. benefit C. fear C. put up C. offered C. strong C. shrink C. actually D. D. D. D.
本篇文章介绍了一名重病患者采用“微笑疗法” ，恢复健康的故事，文章容 易读懂，注重上下文的联系，学生容易得到高分。 45. 由于身患重病，所以无法走动，故选 C。从下句的 lose the ability to move 亦可看出。 46. “不管诊断（残酷） ，Cousins 毅然决定克服困难，生存下去” ，从中不难看 出转折关系，而 Despite 正好符合，故选 A。 47. 既然下句中有 positive attitudes，那当然会有 negative attitude，故选 A。 48. 学会笑对生活，我们会从中收获良多。积极乐观的态度会给我们带来诸多益 处(benefits)，故选 C。 49. 从空格前面的诸多名词不难看出，空格出一定也是一个褒义词，the will to live(生存的意愿)，故选 D。 50. 既然决定笑对生活， 必须生活在一个能够促进产生积极情绪的环境， “促 表示 进产生” ，可以用 lead to；result in；bring about 等，故选 A。 51. “每天都回安排出时间来观看喜剧电影” arrange 和 for 构成搭配， ， 故选 D。 52. 看喜剧电影，笑话书，自然是为了激发一种积极向上的情绪，故选 A。 53. “微笑疗法”是的痛苦减少，故选 B。C 指物体（尤其是衣物）体积上的缩 小。 54. actually 可以表示“竟然“，符合句意，故选 C。 (B) “When a customer enters my store, forget me. He is King, ’’said John Wanamaker, who in l876 turned an abandoned railway station in Philadelphia into one of me world’s first department stores. This
revolutionary concept __55__ the face of retailing (零售业) and led to the development of advertising and marketing as we know it today. But convincing as that slogan was, __56__ the shopper was cheated out of the crown. __57__ manufacturing efficiency increased the variety of goods and lowered prices, people still relied on advertisements to get most information about products. Through much of the past century, ads spoke to an audience restricted to just a few radio or television channels or a __58__ number of publications. Now media choice, has __59__ too, and consumers select what they want from a far greater variety of sources—especially with a few clicks of a computer mouse. __60__ the internet, the consumer is finally seizing power. As our survey shows, __61__ has great implications for companies, because it is changing the way the world shops. Many firms already claim to be “customer-driven” or “consumer-centered”. Now their __62__ will be tested as never before. Taking advantage of shoppers’ __63__ will no longer be possible: people will know—and soon tell others, even those without the internet—that prices in the next town are cheaper or that certain goods are inferior. The internet is working wonders in __64__ standards. Good and Good and honest firms should benefit most. 55. A. changed B. maintained C. restored D. rescued 56. A. in time B. in truth C. in case D. in theory 57. A. Just as B. The moment C. If D. Although 58. A. 1imited B. minimum C. sufficient D. great 59. A. disappeared B. existed C. exploded D. survived 60. A. According to B. Thanks to C. But for D. Apart from 61. A. consumer power B. product quality C. purchasing habit D. manufacturing efficiency 62. A. information B. investment C. claims D. shops 63. A. generosity B. knowledge C. curiosity D. ignorance 64. A. raising B. lowering C. abandoning D. carrying 本篇相对较难，介绍的是网络的迅速发展对于传统商业的影响和冲击。 55. “顾客就是上帝“这一观念彻底改变了零售业的面貌，故选 A。 56. “But convincing as that slogan was”是一个让步倒装结构，要顺接该 转折关系，只有 B 符合。in truth 表示“事实上” 。
57. 本句同样是一个让步状语从句，意为“尽管生产效率增加了商品的种类，降 低了价格，人们仍然依靠广告来获取他们所需商品的信息。，故选 D。 ” 58. 通过上文 just a few 不难理解，空格出应该和其保持一致，强调数量少， 故选 A。 59. 和过去相比，现在的传媒大幅度增加，顾客的选择自然剧增，只有 explode 符合该义，故选 C。 ，thanks to 符合，故选 B。 60. “多亏了网络，顾客才抓住了自身的权利” 61. 既然下文说出很多公司都以顾客作为中心，自然可以看出顾客的消费权利对 于公司具有很大的作用，故选 A。 62. 既然上文说出很多公司都 claim“以顾客作为中心” ，那么这种口号如今一定 会受到顾客的考评，对应上文的 claim，这里采用名词 claims 十分恰当，故 选 D。 63. 从下文中“people will know—and soon tell others, even those without the internet”可以看出：利用顾客的无知（信息的闭塞）如今已经不可能 了，故选 D。这里的 ignorance 没有贬义色彩。 64. 从稳文中不难看出该空格一定是一个褒义词，故选 A。网络的作用在于提升 标准，是的诚实的商家获益。 IV. Reading Comprehension Directions： Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them mere are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one mat fits best according to me information given in me passage you have just read. (A) Cara Lang is 13. She lives in Boston, Massachusetts, U. S. Last Thursday, she didn't go to school. She went to work with her father instead. Every year, on the fourth Thursday in April, millions of young girls go work. This is Take Our Daughters to Work Day. The girls are between the ages of 9 and 15. They spend the day at work with an adult, usually a mother, father, aunt, or uncle. They go to offices, police stations, laboratories, and other places where their parents or other family members work. Next year, the day will include sons, too. The Ms. Foundation, an organization for women, started the program about ten years ago. In the U.S., many women work outside the home. The Ms. Foundation wanted girls to find out about many different kinds of jobs. Then, when the girls grow up, they can choose a job they like. Cara's father is a film director. Cara says, “It was very exciting for me to go to the studio with my dad. I saw a lot of people doing different jobs.” Many businesses have special activities for girls on this day. Last year, Cara went to work with her aunt at the University of Massachusetts. In the engineering department, the girls learned to build a bridge with toothpicks and Candy. In the chemistry department, they learned to use scales. They learned about many other kinds of jobs, too. Right now, Cara does not know what job she will have when she grows
up. But because of Take Our Daughters to Work Day, she knows she has many choices. 65. What is Cara's father? A. An engineer. B. An official. C. A moviemaker. D. A professor. 66. According to the passage, Take our Daughters to work Day is ______. A. on every Thursday in April B. a holiday for girls of all ages C. a day for girls to know about jobs D. a day for girls to get a job easily 67. On this special day, Cara has done all the following EXCEPT that ____. A. she learned to use scales B. she worked as an actress C. she went to work with her aunt D. she used toothpicks and Candy to build a bridge 68. What is probably the best title for the passage? A. Cara Lang, a Fortunate Girl B. Take Our Daughters to Work Day C. Children's Day and Work Day D. Ms. Foundation, an Organization for Women 本文较为简单，介绍了美国的一种特殊节日——“带女儿去工作”节。该节 日的目的就是使得女孩子能够了解各种各样的工作， 以便将来选择工作时候有所 参考。 65. 从第三段，第一句中可以看出是一名导演，故选 B。 66. 从整个第二段可以看出，故选 C。 67. A、C、D 在文中分别都能够找到，而充当女演员并没有提及，故选 B。 68. 本题较为容易，选 B。 (B) Nervous suspects ( 嫌 疑 犯 ) locked up in Britain's newest police station may feel relieved by a pleasant yellow colour on the door. If they are close to confessing a crime, the blue on the wall might tip the balance. balance Gwent Police have abandoned colours such as grays and browns of the 20th-century police cell ( 牢 房 ) and have used colour psychology to decorate them. Ystrad Mynach station, which recently opened at a cost of ￡5 million, has four cells with glass doors for prisoners who suffer from claustrophobia(幽闭恐怖症). Designers have painted the frames yellow, which researchers say is a calming colour. Other cells contain a royal blue line because psychologists believe that the colour is likely to encourage truthfulness. The station has 31 cells, including 12 with a “live scan” system for drunken or disturbed prisoners, which detects the rise and fall of their chest. An alarm alerts officers if a prisoner's breathing stops and
carries on ringing until the door is opened. Designers and psychologists have worked for years on colour. Blue is said to suggest trust, efficiency, duty, logic, coolness, thinking and calm. It also suggests coldness and unfriendliness. It is thought that strong blues will stimulate clear thought and lighter, soft colours will calm the mind and aid concentration. Yellow is linked with confidence, self-respect and friendliness. Get the colour wrong and it could cause fear, depression and anxiety, but the right yellow can lift spirits and self-respect. Ingrid Collins, a psychologist who specializes in the effects of colour, said that colour was an “energy force”. She said: “Blue does enhance communication but I am not sure it would enhance truthful communication.” Yellow, she said, affected the mind. Red, on the other hand, should never be considered because it could increase aggression. Mrs Collins praised the designers for using colours in the cells. Gwent is not the first British force to experiment with colour to calm down or persuade prisoners to co-operate. In the 1990s Strathclyde Police used pink in cells based on research carried out by the US Navy. 69. The expression “tip the balance in paragraph 1 probably indicates tip balance” ti that the blue might _____. A. let suspects keep their balance B. help suspects to confess their crimes C. make suspects cold and unfriendly in law court D. enable suspects to change their attitudes to colours 70. Which of the following colours should NOT be used in cells according to me passage? A. Pink. B. Yellow C. Blue. D. Red. 71. Which of the following helps alert officers if someone stops breathing? A. Scanning equipment. B. Royal blue lines. C. Glass doors. D. Yellow frames. 72. The passage is mainly concerned with _____. A. the relationship between colours and psychology B. a comparison of different functions of colours C. the use of colours in cells to affect criminals’ psychology D. scientific ways to help criminals reform themselves in prison 本文介绍了颜色在英国监狱中的应用，适当的颜色可以缓和罪犯的情绪，具 有很大的益处。 69. 从文中可以看出：明黄色和浅蓝色都是有益的色彩，所以在罪犯坦白罪行的 时候应该能够缓解情绪，有利于罪犯的交代，故选 B。 70. 本题较为容易，最后一段的第二局中可以看出，故选 D。
71. 本题为细节题，第四段中可以找出，故选 A。 72. 本题答案非常明确，学生如果看懂了文章，则很容易选出，答案为 C。 （C）
73. The word “talion in introducing the book Eye for an Eye is probably talion” talion a concept of ______. A. medicine B. trade C. avenging D. striving 74. The book entitled A History of Modern Indonesia has focus on _______. A. 1andscapes and tourist attractions in Indonesia B. its fourth largest population in the world C. its relatively unfamiliar and understudied economyD. its social
and political aspects in modern times 75. What do these books have in common? A. Their authors are introduced in detail. B. They all have a hard back and a paperback. C. Each of them is commented by a professor. D. They are published by the same publishing house. 作为快速阅读，一般都建议学生带着问题阅读文章。本文是一则出版社的广 告。 73. 从文章不难理解这句谚语的意思是“以牙还牙，以眼还眼” ，自然是关于“报 复” ，故选 C。 74. 介绍说的很清楚，主要是社会和文化方面，同时又是 20 世纪的，故选 D。 75. 都是剑桥出版社的刊物，故选 D。 (D) The “Bystander Apathy Effect” was first studied by researchers in Eff Bystander New York after neighbours ignored—and in some cases turned up the volume on their TVs—the cries of a woman as she was murdered (over a half-hour period). With regard to helping those in difficulty generally, they found that: (1) women are helped more than men; (2) men help more than women; (3) attractive women are helped more than unattractive women. Other factors relate to the number of people in the area, whether the person is thought to be in trouble through their own fault, and whether a person sees himself as being able to help. According to Adrian Furnham, Professor 0f University College, London, there are three reasons why we tend to stand by doing nothing: (1) “Shifting of responsibility”－the more people there are, the less likely help is to be given. Each person excuses himself by thinking someone else will help, so that the more “other people’ there are, the greater the total shifting of responsibility. (2) “'Fear of making a mistake'’－situations are often not clear. People think that those involved in an accident may know each other or it may be a joke, so a fear of embarrassment makes them keep themselves to themselves. (3) “Fear of the consequences if attention is turned on you, and the person is violent.” Laurie Taylor, Professor of Sociology at London University, says: “In the experiments I’ve seen on intervention (介入), much depends on the neighborhood or setting. There is a silence on public transport which is hard to break. We are embarrassed to draw attention to something that is happening, while in a football match, people get involved, and a fight would easily follow. ” Psychotherapist Alan Dupuy identifies the importance of the
individual: “The British as a whole have some difficulty intervening, but there are exceptional individuals in every group who are prepared to intervene, regardless of their own safety: These would be people with a strong moral code or religious ideals.” 76. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Pretty women are more likely to be helped. B. People on a bus are more likely to stop a crime. C. Religious people are more likely to look on. D. Criminals are more likely to harm women. 77. Which factor is NOT related with intervention according to the passage? A. Sex. B. Nationality. C. Profession. D. Setting. 78. Which phenomenon can be described as the “Bystander Apathy Effect”? A. When one is in trouble, people think it’s his own fault. B. In a football match, people get involved in a fight. C. Seeing a murder, people feel sorry that it should have happened. D. On hearing a cry for help, people keep themselves to themselves. 79. The author wrote this article ______. A. to explain why bystanders behave as they do B. to urge people to stand out when in need C. to criticize the selfishness of bystanders D. to analyze the weakness of human nature 本文的特点是文章较难，而题目并不难。分析介绍了为什么当今社会，挺身 而出帮助他人的人少，而更多的是袖手旁观的人。 76. 从第一段中的(1)-(3)三点中的第一点，不难推断出 A 是正确的。 77. 答案集中在 B、C，其实 Nationality 在文章中是谈到的， “The British as a whole have some difficulty intervening” ，所以只有“职业”这点没有 谈及，故选 C。 78. 通读全文，不难发现“Bystander Apathy Effect”其实就是一种袖手旁观 的冷漠。旁观者都等着周围的其他人出手相救而抑制自己，故选 D。 79. 文章主要是解释“Bystander Apathy Effect”现象，分析其产生的原因， 故选 A。 (E) Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A—F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need.
A. New teachers’ opinions of involving parents B. An argument over an assignment C. A conflict between assumption and reality D. Difficulties in sharing goals E. The best way to score high F. Proper ways of parental involvement 80. An Iowa high school counselor gets a call from a parent protesting the “C” her child received on an assignment. “The parent argued every C point in the essay,” recalls the counselor, who soon realized why the mother was so disappointed about the grade. “It became apparent that she’d written it.” 81. In a survey, 90% of new teachers agreed that involving parents in their children’s education is a priority at their school, but only 25 ％ described their experience working with parents as “very satisfying.” When asked to choose me biggest challenge they face, 31％ of them quoted involving parents and communicating with them as their top choice. 73％ of new teachers said too many parents treat schools and teachers as enemies. 82. At a time when competition is rising and resources are limited, when battles over testing force schools to adjust their priorities, when cell phones and e-mail speed up the information flow and all kinds of private ghosts and public quarrels slip into the parent-teacher conference, it’s harder for both sides to step back and breathe deeply and look at the goals they share. 83 Everyone says the parent-teacher conference should be pleasant, civilized, a kind of dialogue where parents and teachers build partnership. But what most teachers feel, and certainly what all parents feel, is anxiety and panic. 84. When a teacher asks parents to be partners, he or she doesn't necessarily mean Mom or Dad should be camping in the classroom. Research shows that though students benefit modestly from having parents involved at school, what happens at home matters much more. According to research based on the National Education Longitudinal Study, a sample of nearly 25,000 eighth graders, among four main areas of parental involvement (home discussion, home supervision. school communication, and school
participation), home discussion was the most strongly related 本大题为上海卷独有题型，强调学生的概括能力。今年的难度较以往有所增 加，主要叙述了父母在子女学习中出现的错误，和老师之间理解上的误区，以及 该如何正确起到子女学习中的相应作用。 答案：BADCF 第 II 卷（共 45 分） I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 第 1I 卷(共 45 分) 1. 我们相信农民的生活会越来越好。(believe) 2. 一本书是否畅销取决于诸多因素。(Whether. . . ) 3. 我不需要买新车, 我的那辆旧车还很好。(condition) 4. 这里的菜烧得很好，还有免费蛋糕供应。(provide) 5. 外出旅游时务必注意保护环境，为他人着想。(sure) 6. 这小孩太调皮，使得他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱。(So …) 没有生僻、怪异单词的翻译，也没有高难度的成语、谚语翻译，减轻了学生 的负担，很好！！ ！ 参考答案： 1. We believe that peasants'/farmers’ life will be/be getting better and better. 2. Whether a book sells well depends on many/various factors. 3. I don't need to/needn’t buy a new car as my old one is still in good condition. 4. The dishes are well cooked here and free cakes are provided. 5. Be sure to pay attention to protecting the environment and be considerate/think of others if/when/while traveling/doing traveling. 6. So naughty is the child that he often upsets his parents who are busy with their work. II. Guided Writing: Directions: Write an English composition in 120－150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 下表提供了你所心仪的南、北两所大学的招生信息。通过比较作出选择，并结合 个人情况说明理由。 南方大学 北方大学 学费 8000 元/年 5000 元/年 招生人数 20 人 10 人 优惠政策 无 加 20 分 上海以前从未考过的作文题型，将数据分析型作文和 A or B 型论述文相结
合，很好地考察了学生的综合应用能力。 由于学生在考试前刚刚经历过填报志愿，具有“新鲜感” ，根据自身的情况， 完全都是有内容可写的。并且没有所谓的“孰是孰非” ，只要言之有理即可。 个人认为题目出得非常好，跳出了作文题海。