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高中英语语法:“It”用法及其句型和固定搭配


高中英语语法:“It”用法及其句型和固定搭配

It 常用的固定搭配

1. make it

(1)在口语当中相当于 succeed,表示:成功、做到、说定、赶上、及时到 达

例 It's hard to make it to the top in show business.


(2)在口语中相当于 fix the date for,表示“约定好时间”

例 —Shall we meet next week?

—OK. We just make it next Saturday.

2. as it is

(1)相当于 in fact,in reality 表示“事实上,实际情况是……”

例 We had planed to finish the task today,but as it is we probably won't finish it until next week.

(2)相当于方式状语从句,表示“照原样”

例 Leave the table as it is.

3. as it were

相当于 as one might say,that is to say,表示“也就是说,可以说,换 句话说”

例 He is,as it were,a modern Sherlock Holmes.

4. if it weren't for…/if it hadn't been for…

用来引导虚拟语气,相当于 without,or but for,表示“如果不是……, 要不是……”

例 If it weren't for Tom,I wouldn't be alive today.

5. that's it

(1)相当于 That's all. That's so much. 表示“至此为止,没有别的了”

例 You can have one more sweet,and that's it.

(2)相当于 That's right.表示“对啦”

例 — I guess the key to the problem is thechoice “A”

—That's it.

6. catch it

在口语中, 相当于 be punished/scolded for doing sth. wrong. 表示“因 做错事而挨骂,受责备,受批评,受惩罚”

例 We'll really catch it form our teacher if we're late for class again.

7. have it

(1)相当于 say,insist 表示“说,主张,表明,硬说”

例 Rumour has it that they are getting divorced.

(2)相当于 get to know something,表示“了解,知道,获悉”

例 I had it from John that she was going abroad.

8. have what it takes

在口语中,相当于 be well qualified for,表示“具有成功的条件”

例 You can take it from me that your daughter has what it takes to be a star.

9. so it seems / appears.

10. Keep at it!(Don't give up!)

相当于 go on,表示“继续做,不放弃”

例 My teacher asked me to keep at it.

11. Go it!(Go on!)拼命干,莽撞

12. Now you have done it!(You have done sth. wrong.)

13. Now you'll catch it!(You'll be punished.)

14. As it happened,…

在口语中,相当于 it's a pity that…,表示“真不凑巧,真遗憾”

例 As it happened,they were out.

15. As it turned out,…

在口语中,相当于 it was found to be in the end,表示“最后被证明是”

例 As it turned out,his statement was false.

16. Such as it is(they are)

在口语中,相当于 although it may not be worth much,表示“虽然没 有多大价值”

例 You can borrow my exam notebook,such as it is.

17. Take it/things easy.

相当于 Don't worry or don't hurry. 用来劝告别人,表示“不要慌,别担 心,存住气”

例 Take it easy! He will do it well.

18. Take it from me.

在口语中, 相当于 believe me what I say.表示“请相信我的话, 我敢担保”

例 You can take it from me that he will make it this time.

19. For what it is worth…

在口语中,相当于 although I'm not sure it's of value,表示“不管其价 值如何”

例 Here is the article I promise you,for what it's worth.

20. Worth it

在口语中,相当于 useful,表示“有好处,值得做”

例 Don't hesitate about it! It's worth it.

21. Believe it or not.表示“信不信由你”

例 Believe it or not,Tom is getting married to Mary next Sunday.

22. Take it or leave it. v. 要么接受要么放弃

例 That is my last offer. You can take it or leave it.

23. It all depends/that all depends

在口语中,相当于 it hasn't been decided yet,表示“那得看情况,还没 有定下来”

例 —Are you going to the countryside for holiday?

—It/That all depends.

24. It's up to sb.

在口语中,相当于 it's decided by sb. 表示“由……决定,由……负责,取 决于……”

例 —Shall we go out for dinner?

—It's up to you.


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