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新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇[1]1


八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇
Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon

) 4. fall in love with… 爱上… 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他 5. live alone 单独居住 6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/go along 等) The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn‘t feel lonely 那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感 到孤独 7. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪 8. fly to the moon 飞上月球 9. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有 thousands of; millions of) 10. the same as 和……相同 11. A be different from B A 与 B 不同(=There is a difference/Thgere are differences between A and B) 12. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up 表示 ―唤醒某人‖ 13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/become 是连系动词,后跟形容词如 tired/angry/excited 等) 14. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有 go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding 等) 15. lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以) 16. at the weekends 在周末 17. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习 18. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见) 19. I don‘t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意 20. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上(注意 paper/information/news/work/homework/housework 等常考 到的不可数名词) 21. on vacation 度假 22. help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事 23. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼 24. live in an apartment 住在公寓里/live on the twelfth floor 住在 12 楼 25. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路 332 号 26. as a reporter 作为一名记者 27. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明 28. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗 29. in the future 在将来/在未来 30. no more=not …anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生) 31. no longer=not… any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生) 32. besides(除…之外还,包括)与 except =but(除…之外,不包括) 33. be able to 与 can 能、会 ? (be able to 用于各种时态, can 只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中; 而 have to 用于各种时态, 而 must 只能用于一般现在时态)例如: 1.I have been able to/will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用 can)
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34.be big and crowded 34. be in college 35. live on a space station 36. dress casually 37. win the next World Cup 38. come true 39. take hundreds of years 40. be fun to watch 41. over and over again 42. be in different shapes 43. twenty years from now 44. 本单元目标句型: 1. What do you think life will be like in 1000 years? 2. There will be fewer trees、more buildings and less pollution in the future. ? fewer; less 表示否定之意,分别修饰可数名词和不可数名词;more 二者都可以修饰。 3. Will kids go to school? No, they won‘t/Yes, they will。 4. Predicting the future can be difficult. 5. I need to look smart for my job interview. 6. I will be able to dress more casually. 7. I think I‘ll go to Hong Kong on vacation, and one day I might even visit Australia. 8. What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now? 9. That may not seem possible now, but computers, space rockets and even electric toothbrushes seemed impossible a hundred years ago. 本单元语法讲解 一般将来时 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词: 1.含 tomorrow; next 短语; 2.in+段时间 ; 3.how soon; 4.by+将来时间; 5.by the time sb.do… 6.祈使句句型中:or/and sb. will do 7.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时 8.another day 比较 be going to 与 will: be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。 如: He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day. 2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will 表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old. 3. be going to 含有―计划,准备‖的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour. 4.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will, 如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. 掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分 be going to 与 will 了。 一般将来时常见的标志词 1.含 tomorrow; next 短语; 2.in+段时间 ; 3.how soon; 4. by+将来时间; 5.祈使句句型中:or/and sb. will do 例 Be quick, or you will be late=If you don‘t be quick, you will be late 6.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时(另见 Unit 5) Unit 2 What should I do?
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2. had to stay at home/ will have to (不可以用 must) 大而且拥挤 在上大学 住在空间站 穿得很随意 casual clothing 休闲服饰 赢得世界杯 win award 获僵 变成现实 花几百年的时间 看起来有趣 一次又一次 形状不同 今后 20 年

1. too loud 太大声 2. out of style 过时的 3. in style 流行的 4. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话 5. enough money 足够的钱(enough 修饰名词时不必后置) 6. busy enough 够忙 (enough 修饰形容词或副词时必须后置) 7. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票 注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .此处几个短语不能用 of 表示所有格 8. talk about 谈论 9. on the phone 用电话 10. pay for 付款 11. spend…on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱 12. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花…的时间 13. borrow …from 从….借( 借进来) 14. lend…to 把…借给(借出去) 15. You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。 (不用 borrow 或 lend) 16. buy sth for sb 为……买东西 17. tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事 18. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事 19. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白 20. play one‘s stereo 放录象 21. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格 22. fail in (doing) sth… 在...上失败,变弱 23. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功 24. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信 25. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人) 26. to one‘s surprise 使某人吃惊的是….. 27. to one‘s joy 使某人高兴的是….. 28. look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果) 29. get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果) 30. ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物 31. have a bake sale 卖烧烤 32. argue with sb = have an argument with sb. 与某人争吵 33. have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架 34. drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去 35. prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备 36. after-school clubs(activities) 课外俱乐部(活动) ? be/get used to doing 习惯做某事 ? used to do 过去经常/常常做某事 ? be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事 37. fill… up 填补;装满… be full of 装满 38. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人 39. get on /along well with 与…相处很好 40. all kinds of 各种各样 41. as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多
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42. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会) 43. a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时) 44. a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时) 45. be angry with… 生…的气 46. by oneself=on one‘s own 某人自己/独自地 47. on the one hand 一方面 48. on the other hand 另一方面 49. I find/feel/think it difficult to do... 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难. 50. see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做… 51. not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词) 52. 表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法: be/become+ upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed 说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是-ed 结尾的单词,而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时,注 意后面形容词一般是-ing 结尾单词.) 例如:I was surprised/interested/amazed when I heard the surprising/interesting/amazing news. 53 radio advice program 电台提建议的节目 54 be original 新颖的 55. leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处 56 sports clothes 运动服 57. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样 58. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子 59. complain about (doing sth) 抱怨、、 、 60.take their children from activity to activity 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动 61.try to do sth, 尽量干某事 try doing sth 试着干某事 62.be under too much pressure 压力太大 63.a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈 64.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部 65.compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了 66.compare…with 和---比较 67.organized activities 有组织的活动 本单元目标句型: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What‘s wrong(with you)?/What‘s the matter? What should I do? 我该怎么办 You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信 .You should say sorry to him.你应该给他道歉. They shouldn‘t argue. 他们不应该争吵.? Why don‘t you talk to him about it? =Why not talk to him about it?=You should/could talk to him about it. =What/How about talking to him about it.=You‘d better talk to him about it. The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives. Activities include sports, language learning, music and math classes. Thirty people, including six children (six children included), went to visit the factory. People shouldn‘t push their children so hard. Parents are trying to plan their kids‘ lives for them. When these kids are adults, they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves. Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? in front of 在??的前面(外部) in the front of 在??的前面(内部)
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6. 7. 8. 9.

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

in the library 在图书馆 get out of/get into 出??之外/进入 sleep late 睡懒觉 sleep well 睡得好 get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着 walk down/along 沿??走 take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽) on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上 注意:(特指某日如星期、假日、某月某日或某个特定的上、下午、晚上用 on) in the tree 在树上 on the tree 在树上 take photos 照相 at the train station 在火车站 run away 跑开,逃跑 as+adj 原形 as 和…一样… 例如: She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he(him) buy/draw/make sth. for sb. 为某人买/画/制作 walk home 走回家 in history 在历史上 for example 例如

17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

in the city of on the playground ten minutes ago take place happen to sth./sb.

在??市 在操场上 十分钟前 发生(强调必然性) 发生(强调偶然性)

例如:What has happened to you?=What‘s the matter with you?=What‘s wrong with you? 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. of course=sure=certainly 当然 在车站外/内 相邻,紧贴 接近于;在附近 生病住院/在床 听说(间接听到)
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all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界 outside/inside the station next to close to be ill in hospital/bed hear about/of

29. 30. 31.

in silence 沉默不语 an unusual experience

keep silent 保持沉默 一次不寻常的经历 have difficult

have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣 have meaning to 对—有意义

time doing sth 干某事有困难 32. 33. become the first Chinese astronaut in space 成为中国第一 a national hero 一个民族英雄 第一次

个太空宇航员 34. 35. be famous all over the world 全世界出名 36. for the first time 本单元目标句型: What were you doing when I arrived/at that time/at 8:00 last night/from 9:00 to 10:00 yesterday? 1. I was doing sth. When+一般过去时的时间状语从句... 2. How about... / What about...? 3. While sth./sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth.... 4. 当不明飞行物着陆时,你正在干啥?What were you doing when the UFO landed? 5. 当妈妈正在做饭时,我在看电视。While my mother was cooking ,I was watching TV. 6. I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me. 7. You can image how strange it was.
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8. I followed to see where it was going. 9. Isn‘t that amazing! 10. She didn‘t thinking about looking outside the station.

11.I was so tired this morning. It was difficult to get out of the bed. 12.Liu Xiang won the gold medal at the 2004 Olympics. 13.Beijng was made host to the 2008 Olympics. 14.People often remember what they were doing when they heard the news of important events in history. 15. This was one of the most important events in modern American history. 16.Even the most everyday activities can seem important. 17.Our teacher asked us to stop what we were doing and listen. 18.However, in more recent times, most Americans remember what they were doing when the World Trade Center in New York was destroyed by terrorists. 19.Not all events in history are as terrible as this, of course. 20. His flight around the Earth lasted about 22 hours. 本单元语法讲解 过去进行时(Past Progressive Tense) 句型 S + was/were +V-ing? 例 A:She was doing her homework at 8:30 yesterday evening. (昨天傍晚八点半她正在做家庭作业。 )
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例 B:We were having supper at that time. (那个时候我们正在吃晚饭。 )

解说 如例 1 所示,在单句中使用过去进行时来表达时必须把该 动作正在进行中的时间表明清楚,否则就不合逻辑了。例如:I was taking a bath yesterday. (错) (昨天我正在洗澡——昨天 24 小时都正在洗澡吗?) 所以本句应该如例 1 来表达,或者用一般过去时表达如下: I took a bath yesterday.(昨天我洗了澡。 ) 如果由上下文的文意,或者对谈中的话意可以了解“动作正在进 行中的时间” ,单句里就使用过去进行时来表达是很普通的,例 如: A:I called you up yesterday evening. B:Did you? At what time? A:At around ten o'clock. (大约在十点钟。 ) B:Oh, I was taking a bath then.(哦,当时我正在洗澡。 ) 过去进行时在表达上常用的句式是如例 2 所示和另一个一般过 去时的动作相搭配。请观察下面的图解说明:

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过去有二动作 A 和 B(如图示) ,在 B 动作发生时稍早发生的 A 动作正好在进行中,所以这种表达法通常都是复句(主句+副词 从句) 。例如: When I got up this morning, Mother was preparing breakfast in the kitchen. (今天早上我起床时妈妈正在厨房里准备早餐。 “Mother?。 — ” 是主句, “when?, ”是副词从句。 ) 常用于修饰过去进行时的时间副词:过去的某一定点时刻(at + 过去的时刻) ,then (= at that time) (那时,当时) ,all + 时间, “When?/While?/As?”等副词从句,etc. Unit 4 He said I was hard-working 每周六 首先 两者都(谓语动词要注意对称原 两者都不(谓语动词要注意就近和 绝大多数
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1. every Saturday 2. first of all 3. both……and…… 则) 4. neither….nor 对称原则) 5. most of…

6. an exciting week 7. agree on something 致意见 8. agree to do sth. 9. pass on (to) 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. be supposed to do sth. be mad at …… do better in=be better at be in good health report card

令人兴奋的一周 同意某人的计划;对….取得 一 答应/同意做… 传递 被期望或被要求做... ... 对??疯狂/生气 在......方面做得更好 身体健康 成绩单

sound /feel /smell /taste /look 是连系动词,一般只能跟 adj.

做表语 16. sound like/feel like/smell like/taste like/look like

听 起 来 像 …/ 感 觉 像 …/ 闻 起 来 像 …/ 尝 起 来 像 …/ 看 起 来 像…+sb./sth. 17. 18. 19. 20. get… over open up care for have a(surprise) party for sb. 克服;恢复;原谅 打开/展开/开发/揭露 照料;照顾;意愿;计较 为某人举行一次(惊喜 0 期末考试 不再
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聚会 21. 22. end-of-year exam=final exam not----anymore

23. 24.

do a home project

做作业

be surprised\happy\excited to do sth 做某事感到惊讶、高 感到紧张 在---日子不好过 令人失望的结果 捎(留)个口信

兴、激动 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. be \get nervous have a very hard time with.. an disappointing result take\ leave a message have a big fight it is a good idea for sb. to do sth to teach in China‘s rural areas feel lucky people who need help something we can do for them 需要帮助的人 我们能为他们做的事

there is no difference between…and.. 在。 。和。 。之间没有

区别 36. Groups and the work they do Groups Greenpeace Doctors Without Borders The work they do Cares for ?Mother Earth‖ Helps sick people in poor countries UNICEF Helps countries
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children

in

poor

WWF 希望工程

Cares for wild animals in danger

37.the Hope Project 38.fortunately 本单元目标句型:

转 述 他 人 话 语 :What did sb. say? He said I …She said she…They said… 1. 许老师告诉我徐梦蝶会说二种语言。Mr. Xu told me that XuMengdie could speak three languages. 2. 许老师说地球绕着太阳转。Mr. Xu said (that)the earth turns around the sun. 3. 许老师告诉我他将去北京。She told me he would go to Beijing the next day. 4. 许老师说欧洋正在做作业 Mr. Xu said OuYang was doing his homework at that time. 5. 许 老 师 说 王 硕 研 勤 奋 。 Mr. Xu said Wang Shuoyan was hard-working. 6. 在英语上, 与听相比, 我更擅长于读。 English, I‘m better at In reading than listening. 7. 情况怎样? How‘s it going? 8. 她不想再当我最好的朋友了。She didn‘t want to be my best friend anymore. 9. I said it would start a bad habit , and that she would do her
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own work. 10. That‘s about all the news I have now. Mum and Dad send

their love. 11. 12. She said helping others changed her life. Teaching high school students in a poor mountain village in

Gansu Province may not like fun to you. 13. The Peking University graduate first went there as an

volunteer on a one-year program. 14. Life in the mountains was a new experience for Lang Lei.

Her village was 2,000metere above the sea level, and at first the thin air made her feel sick. 15. 16. Young people today need to experience different things Some of the students may not be able to go to senior high I can open up my students‘ eyes to the outside world and

school or collage. 17.

give them a good start in life. 18. She said she likes being a good influence in the children‘s

lives. 19. She now works as a math teacher at a high school in the You are at B‘s house working on a homework project. You were supposed to meet at the bus stop this morning to
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city of Pingliang, Gansu Province. 20. 21.

return it, but A didn‘t come to the bus stop.

22.

A calls you with a message for C. Pass on the message, and

then give C‘s answer to A. 23. What are some things that happen on soap operas? 直接引语和间接引语 (一)直接引述别人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述别人 的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语一般构成宾语从句。直接引语必 须放在引号内, 间接引语则不用引号。 直接引语改为间接引语时, 除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人称、时 态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等进行改变。 1. 时态的变化: 直接引语变为间接引语时, 通常受转述动词 said, asked 等的影响而使用过去化的时态, 即把原来的时态向过去推, 也就是一般现在时变 一般过去时,现在进行时变为过去进行时等。 例如: Tom said to me,―My brother is doing his homework.‖ →Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework. 2. 人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化;根 据意义进行相应的变化。 如: She asked Jack,―Where have you been?‖ →She asked Jack where he had been. He said,―These books are mine.‖ were his. (二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都使用陈述语序,但是因为原
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本单元语法讲解

→He said that those books

句的句式不同,所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同。 1.陈述句的间接引语:陈述句由直接引语变间接引语,由 that 引导, 可以省略。 ―I want the blue one.‖ he told us. 他说。 →He told us that he wanted the blue one. 色的。 She said to me, ―You can‘t do anything now.‖ ―此刻你无法做任何事情。‖ →She told me that I couldn‘t do anything then. 那时我无法做任何事。 2. 疑问句的间接引语 直接引语如果是疑问句, 变成间接引语后, 叫做间接疑问句。 间接疑问句为陈述语序,句末用句号,动词时态等的变化与间接 陈述句相同。引述动词常用 ask, wonder, want to know 等间接疑 问句一般有三种: (1). 一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由 whether 或 if 引 导。 如: ―Has he ever worked in Shanghai?‖Jim asked. ―他在上海工作 过吗?‖吉姆问。 →Jim asked whether/if he had ever worked in Shanghai.吉姆 问他是否在上海工作过。 ―Can you tell me the way to the hospital?‖ The old man asked.
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―我想要兰色的。‖ 他说他想要兰 她对我说: 她对我说

那个老人问:―你能告诉我去医院的路吗? →The old man asked whether I could tell him the way to the hospital. 那老人问我是否能告诉他去医院路。 (2). 特殊疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时, 仍由原来的疑问词 引导。 如: ―Which room do you live in?‖ He asked. ― 间?‖他问我。 →He asked me which room I lived in. 个房间。 ―What do you think of the film?‖ She asked. 怎么看这部电影?‖ →She asked her friend what she thought of the film . 她 问 她 朋友怎么看这部电影。 (3). 选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由 whether/if …or 引导。 如: ―Is it your bike or Tom‘s? Mum asked. 妈妈问: ―这是你的自 行车还是汤姆的?‖ →Mum asked whether/if it was my bike or Tom‘s.妈妈问这是我 的自行车还是汤姆的。 ―Does your sister like blue dresses or green ones?‖ Kate asked. ―你妹妹喜欢兰色的裙子还是绿色的?‖凯特问。 →Kate asked whether/if my sister liked blue dresses or green
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你住哪个房 他问我住哪 她问―你

ones. 凯 特 问 我 妹 妹 喜 欢 兰 色 裙 子 还 是 绿 色 的 。 3. 祈使句的间接引语当祈使句变为间接引语时,间接祈使句的 引述动词常用 tell,ask,order,beg,request,order 等,而把 直 接 祈 使 句 变 成 带 t o 的 不 定 式 短 语 。 如 : Jack said, ―Please come to my house tomorrow, Mary. ‖ 杰 克 说 : ― 玛 丽 , 明 天 请 到 我 家 来 。 ‖ →Jack asked Mary to go to his house the next day. 请 学 学 东 要 4 间 . 接 玛 生 生 西 碰 动 引 词 语 丽 们 说 们 第 : 不 。 任 时 态 中 二 ― 天 不 要 ‖ 何 和 的 代 变 间 t
17

杰克 。 ‖ 。 。 。

到 要 说 他

他 讲 话 话

家 了

去 。

The teacher said to the students, ‖Stop talking.‖ →The teacher told the students to stop talking. 了 说 西 等 的 规 接 a t ―Don‘t touch anything.‖ He said. →He told us not to touch anything. 东 词 化

老师对 老师让

―不要碰任何 他对我们说不 变 则 引 d a 动 : 语 y

(1). 某些代词,限定词,表示时间或地点的副词和个别动词在 直接引语 today now

h

then, at that moment

yesterday the day before yesterday tomorrow the day after tomorrow next week/ month etc last week/ month etc here this these come bring

t h e two

d a y days

b e f o r e before

the next day / the following day two days after, / in two days the next week/month etc the week / month etc. before t t t g take h h h o e a s r e t e o

(2). 如果引述动词为现在时形式,则间接引语中的动词时态,代 词,限定词和表示时间或地点的副词不用变化。而如果引述动词 是过去时,以上内容就要有相应变化。变化情况如下: 现在时 间推移到过去的时间(注意:如果直接引语是表示客观规律的,那 么时态仍然用一般现在时 一般现在时 现在进行时 一般将来时 现在完成时 Unit 5 →一般过去时; →过去进行时; →过去将来时; →过去完成时; 在晚会上 请某人做某事
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If you go to the party,you‘ll have a great time!

1. at the party 2. ask sb. to do sth.

3. stay at home 4. half the class/students 5. get injured 7. take …away

呆在家 一半学生 受伤 玩得高兴 运走, 取走 put away 收起来, 放好 谋生 为了做某事 举行聚会 上大学 因??而著称 be famous as ? 作 挣钱 事实上 嘲笑

6. have a great time =have a wonderful\good time 一直,始终

8. all the time=always 9. make a living (by doing sth) 10. 11. 12. 13. in order to do sth… have a party go to college be famous for…

为?而出名 14. 15. 16. 17. make money =earn money in fact laugh at…

too much 太多(修饰不可数名词)too many 太多(修饰可数名 锻炼 注意(exercise 当“锻炼”是不可数 周游世界 努力工作 穿牛仔裤 keep?out 不允许。。进
19

词复数)much too+形容词/副词 太? 18. get exercise 名词;而当“操”“练习”是可数名词) 19. 20. 21. 22. travel around the world work hard wear jeans let ... in 允许??进入,嵌入

入 23. 24. 25. 26. get an education take… away study for the test make some food 准 备 食 物 获得教育 拿开,拿走 准备考试 make dumplings 做 水 饺 一半的学生 学校派对的规 儿童医院 加入狮队 给学校和慈善组 成为一个职业的 为班级派对准备 靠体育运动为生

make the bed 整理床铺 27. 28. 则 29. 30. 31. children‘s hospital join the Lions give money to schools and charities half the class the rules for school parties

织捐钱 32. become a professional soccer player 足球运动员 33. organize the games for the class party 游戏 34. play sports for a living 本单元目标句型: 1. If you do, you‘ll… 4. Don‘t you want to …? 2. I‘m going to … 3. You should… 5. Don‘t you think ….?

①如果李老师去参加晚会,我们将会玩得非常高兴。 If Ms Li goes to the party, we‘ll have a great time.
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②如果你穿牛仔裤去晚会,李老师将不会让你进入。If you wear jeans to the party, Ms Li won‘t let you in. 6.For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job. 7.If you become a professional athlete, you will be able to make a living doing something you love. 8.However, professional athletes can also have many problems. 9.If you are famous, people will watch you all the time and follow you everywhere. This can make life difficult. 10. If you become rich, you will have a difficult time knowing

who your real friends are. 11.In fact, many famous people complain that they are not happy. 本单元语法讲解 if 引导的条件状语从句。If 是连词,所连接的句子 叫条件状语 从句,表示假设或条件,意思是 句 子 结 构 ― 如果…的话‖,用法如下: 如 下 :

1、表示假设,表示将会发生和可能发生的事,或进行提醒警告。 If +句子(一般现在时) ,+主句(主语 will/may/can) +动词) a. If you finish your homework , you can go out and 表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 .
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play. 民 间

b. If I have enough money next year , I will go to travel . 2. 谚语等,句型是:

If + 句子 (一般现在时 ) ,+ 主句 ( 例:

一般现在时).

If you study hard ,you are sure to succeed . If you put ice in a warm place ,it turns into water . If a glass falls on the floor, it usually breaks If you cook a banana, it becomes very soft . If a plant don‘t get enough light ,it grows very tall and thin.

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? 1. raise money for 2. collect stamps 3. run out of… 4. by the way 5. on the way to.. 6. be interested in 7. more than=over 8. fly kites 9. start class 10. start a snow globe collector‘s club 收集者俱乐部 11. the most common(unusual, interesting) hobby 最普通的 爱好 12. 13. listen to music videos 听音乐碟片 organize a talent show to raise money for charity 为慈善机
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筹钱 集邮 用尽 顺便说一下 在…的路上 对…感兴趣 超过 放风筝 开始上课 开办雪球仪

构捐钱而举办的才艺展示

14.

extra English lessons

额外的英 语言方面 黑龙江的 一个有着

语课 15. have problems with the language 有问题 16. the capital of Heilongjiang Province 省会 17. an interesting city with a colorful history 丰富多彩历史文化的有趣的城市 18. 19. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半 a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一

双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤 ? How much is a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans? = How much does a(this) pair of

skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans cost? ? How much are the skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans? = How much do the skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans cost? 本单元目标句型: 1. How long have you been skating? 你滑冰有多长时间了? 2. I‘ve been skating since nine o‘clock./since I was four years old. 我从九点一直滑到现在/我从四岁一直滑到现在。 3. I‘ve been skating for five hours. 我一直滑了五小时 。

4. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China.
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我对中国的历史了解得越多, 我就越喜欢住在中国。 5. Was this your first skating marathon? marathon last year. 6. When did you get your first pair of skates? 7. Alison was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours. Alison 是第一个开始并且已经滑了整整 5 个小时。 8. I‘m talking to you from the Hilltop School Skating Marathon. 9. For every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity. 每滑一个小时,每位学生可为慈善事业筹集 10 元钱。 10. Thanks for sending me the snow globe of the monster. In fact I think it‘s probably my favorite. 谢谢你送我的怪物雪球仪。事实上,我想它可能是我的最爱。 11. My mom says I have to stop, because we‘ve run out of room No, I skated in a

to store them. 妈妈说我必须停止了,因为我们已经没有地方来存放他们了。 12. The first one I ever got was a birthday cake snow globe on

my twelfth birthday. 我得到的第一个雪球仪是我十二岁生日得到的生日蛋糕雪球 仪。 13. I particularly love globes with animals. If you know anyone
24

else who collects them, please tell me.

我特别喜欢动物雪球仪。如果你知道其他人收集他们的话,请 告诉我们。 14. 15. 16. By the way, what‘s your hobby? I‘m interested in the job as a writer. The school newspaper needs a writer. We will give you

different topics to choose from. To get the job, please answer these four questions. 校报需要一个撰稿人。我们会给你一些不同的话题来选择。要 得到这份工作,请回答这样四个问题。 17. How many Chinese dynasties can you think of? 你能想起 多少中国朝代? 18. Can you think of famous characters from the history of

other countries? Make a list. 从其他国家历史中,你能记起一些著名人物吗?列个表。 19. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than

a thousand years ago and were welcomed by the Song Emperor. 事实上, 第一批犹太人可能在一千多年前就来到开封而且受到 宋朝皇帝的欢迎。 20. There is some European influence in the city, and some of

the old buildings in Harbin are in Russian style.这个城市有欧 洲文化的影响,而且哈尔滨的一些老建筑还是俄罗斯风格的。 21. For a foreigner like me, the more I learn about Chinese
25

culture, the more I enjoy living in China. 对于一个像我一样的外国人来说,我对中国文化了解越多,我 就越喜欢住在中国。 22. And although I live quite far from Beijing, I‘m certain I

will be here for the Olympic Games in 2008. 尽管我住得离北京很远,但我相信 2008 年奥运会我一定在这 儿。 本单元语法讲解 现在完成进行时: 表示从过去某时开始到现在这一段时间里一直 在延续的动作。 现在完成进行式结构:have / has +been+ doing/ 1.I have been writing the letter since then.从那时起我一直在写 这封信。 (动作从过去一直持续到现在还在继续) 2.I have been collecting stamps for ten years.自从 10 年前我就 收集邮票了(动作从过去一直现在还在收集) 。 3. How long have you been living here?你在这儿已经住了多长 时间了。 (―居住‖动作从过去一直现在还在继续) 现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别: 1 现在完成进行时比现在完成时更强调动作的延续性: 2 如果没有时间强调,现在完成进行时表示动作仍在进行,现在 完成时则表示动作已经结束, 3 现在完成进行时一般不适用于表状态的动词,而现在完成时则 可:
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,Unit 7 器)

Would you mind turning down the music? 关小声/调大声音(电 打开/关闭(电器) 移动自行车 立刻,马上 排队等候 插队 变得生气 发生在…身上 半小时 首先 最后 允 许 某 人 做 / 不做 某人不被允许某 当众地;公开地;公然 在公共场所 不遵守规则
27

1. turn… down/turn… up 2. turn… on/ turn …off 3. move the bike 4. in a minute/right away/in no time

5. be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到 6. wait in line=stand in line 7. cut in line=jump a queue 8. get mad/annoyed 9. happen to sb 10. 11. 12. 13. half an hour at first at last=in the end=finally allow sb. to do /not to do sth.

某事 14. be allowed to do /not to do sth. 人做/不做某事 15. 地 16. 17. in public places break the rule in public

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36.

pick… up put …out drop litter keep the voice down do the dishes put on another pair of jeans be at a meeting help me in the kitchen make some posters clothing store follow…around want to be polite stand in the subway door cut in line stand close to .. have different ideas about feel uncomfortable in all situations in public places

捡起 熄灭 扔垃圾 控制声音

本单元目标句型: 1. Would you mind cleaning the yard? 吗? 2. Not at all. I‘ll do it right away.
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你介意打扫院子 一点也不. 我马上就

扫. 3. Would you mind not playing baseball here. 这打棒球吗? 4. Would you mind giving me a smaller one? 5. Sorry, we‘ll go and play in the park. 园去打. 6. Could you (please) make dinner? 7. That‘s no problem . 没问题. 请做晚饭好吗? 对不起,我们到公 你介意不要在

8. Could you (please) not feed the dog?=Would you mind not feeding the dog?= Would you (please) not feed the dog?=Please don‘t feed the dog, will you?请不要喂狗好吗? 9. If you finish these tasks, we can go to a movie tonight. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Your barber gave you a terrible haircut. The store clerk gave you the wrong size. The waitress brought you the wrong food. The pen you bought didn‘t work. You ordered a hamburger with French fries but only got a We asked some people what annoyed them. Here‘s what I don‘t like waiting in line when a shop assistant has a long

hamburger. 15.

they said. 16.

telephone conversation. 17. This happens to me all the time in the school library.
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18. 19.

Perhaps in the future I should try not to be so polite. The way people behave is different in different cultures and

situations. 20. Sometimes, rules of etiquette are the same almost

everywhere. 21. We might want to ask someone to behave more politely if

we see them breaking a rule of etiquette. 22. 23. Etiquette means normal and polite social behavior. This may seem like a difficult word at first, but it can be

very useful to understand. 24. In fact, we should also take care not to cough or sneeze People don‘t usually like to be criticized, so we have to be 看到有人抽烟你可以说:Could you please put out that 看到有人乱丢垃圾你可以说:Would you mind picking it 看到有人插对你可以说: Sorry, would you mind joining the 常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结 使用-ing 分词的几种情况 1.在进行时态中。如: 1.He is watching TV in the room.
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loudly in public if possible. 25.

careful how we do this. 26.

cigarette? 27.

up? 28.

line?

2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night. 2.在 there be 结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river. 3.在 have fun/problems 结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain. 4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. good at playing basketball? What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? interested in playing football. 5.在以下结构中 1. enjoy doing sth 事; 2. finish doing sth; 完成做某 事; 3. feel like doing sth 想要做某 事; 4. stop doing sth 事(原来的事) 5. forget doing sth 某事; 6. go on doing sth 事(原来的事);
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Are you I am

喜欢做某

7. remember doing sth 记得做 过某事; 8. like doing sth 事; 9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing 发 现/看到/听到/观看某人做 试图做 需要做 宁愿 喜欢做某

停止做某 忘记做过 继续做某

10.

try doing sth

某事; 11. need doing sth 某事; 12. prefer doing sth 做某事;

13.

mind doing sth

介意做 错过做

某事; 14. miss doing sth 某事; 15. practice doing sth 练习做 be busy doing sth 忙于做 can't help doing sth 禁不 某事; 16. 某事; 17. 住做某事; 18. waste time/money doing 浪 费时间/金钱做…; 19. keep sb.doing 让… 始终/一直做…

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20.stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事 21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A 喜欢做 A 更喜欢做 B 22.―do some +doing‖短语 如 : do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking 23.―go doing‖短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等) 如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎) .注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配: I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost Keep…closed/ a boy called/named Tom Unit 8 Why don‘t you get her a scarf? 1. fall asleep 2. give… away 3. rather than 胜于 4. would do…rather than do 愿做 5. hear of… 6. make friends with 7. photo album 8. too personal
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amazed

入睡 赠送;分发 宁愿…而不是, 宁愿… 不 听说 和……交友 像册 太私人化

9. not interesting\special \creative enough 有趣 10. make a special meal

不够 做一顿特 一个六岁

别的饭 11. an 8-year-old child 的孩子 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. these days not…at all different kinds of make her happy someone else 最近 根本不 不同种类 使她高兴 别人 (else 总 提高英语 以不同的方 鼓励某人做 取得

是后置) 17. 18. 式 19. 20. encourage sb to do make(great) progress improve English in different ways

进步 21. take an interest in/be interested in 对……感兴趣 22. 23. on my twelfth\twentieth birthday a goldfish—two goldfish
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24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35.

a pig named\called Connie from across China enter a test by singing popular English songs come from all age groups the winner of the women‘s competition win the prize try to speak English more a spokesperson from the Olympic Committee hear of many other fun ways to learn English make friends with a native speaker of English find a good way to learn to learn English

本单元目标句型: 1. What should I get my mom for her birthday? 我应 该为我的妈妈买什么? 2. Why don‘t you/Why not buy /What about buying/How about buying a scarf? 为什么不买条 围巾呢? 3. What‘s the best gift you have ever received? 收到的最好礼物是什么? 4. What a lucky guy! 运的家伙!
35

你曾 多幸

5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child. 6. Really? I don‘t agree. Dogs are too difficult to take care of. 7. What are advantages and disadvantages of keeping such a pet? 8. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig. 9. Pot-bellied pigs make the best pets. 10. 11. However, life with a pig isn‘t always perfect. Now she is too big to sleep in the house, so I

made her a special pig house. 12. The movie was boring. I fell asleep half way

through it. 13. A leaf from a tree is enough to make her very happy. 13. 14. Gift giving is different in different countries. The same gift may be given away to someone

else. 15. In the USA, some people ask their families and

friends to give money to charity rather than buy them gifts. 16. In Sweden, doing something for someone is the
36

best gift. People don‘t need to spend too much money. Instead, making a meal is enough. 17. China will be the host for the 2008 Olympics

and so many Chinese people try to improve their English in different ways. China will hold the…. 18. Nearly all the singers sang very clearly, and

looked comfortable on stage. 19. Some of these singers were able to sing English

songs just as well as native speakers. 20. She said that singing English songs made her

more interested in learning English. 21. He agrees that it is a good idea to have fun with

English. 22. It suggests ways for Beijingers to take an 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结 .固定用法(非谓语动词): 以下是带 to 的动词不定式常 见搭配 ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. 做某事 decide to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. 人做某事 need to do sth.
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interest in learning English.

★决定 ★需要某

★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth 及待做某事 can‘t wait to do ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do /努力做某事 try to do sth ★计划做某事 plan to do sth. 不 have to do ★轮流做某事 take one‘s turns to do sth. 绝做某事 refuse to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事 want /would like sb. to do sth. ★同意某人做某事 agree sb. to do sth. 人做某事 teach sb. to do sth. ★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. 助某人做某事 help sb. to do sth/help sb.do

★迫不 ★尽力 ★不得 ★拒 ★请 ★想 ★教某 ★帮

★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 ★It‘s one‘s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard. ★It‘s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It‘s time for me to go home. ★It‘s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事 是……(当 adj.是表示性格、品德的形容词时用 of) 例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某 时间 例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike. 2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.
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3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work. ★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word. ★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做 某事是… 例 : I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。 didn't know/forgot what to I do. ★离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 例句:Don‘t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room ★be+adj+to do sth 例句:I am very sorry to hear that. I am ready to help others. I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you. 顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成 分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时 它把句型改;作主语时用 it,自己在后把身藏;七个 感官三使役,宾补要把 to 甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾 语从句可充当; 逻辑主语不定式, 不定式前加 for sb.; to 前 not 是否定,各种用法区别开。 以下是不带 to 的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法 ★let sb. do sth 让某人做某事 ★ make do sth 使得某人做某事 ★ hear do sth do sth 听见某人做某事 ★ see do sth do sth 看见某人做某事 ★why not 或 why don‘t you +动词原形?为什么
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不….? (表示建议) 例:Why not/Why don‘t you take a walk? ★某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事 ★情态动词 can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括 情态动词的否定形式+动词原形) ★助动词 do/does/did/will/would 在构成疑问句或者构 成否定句即 don‘t /doesn‘t /didn‘t /will not /would not+ 动词原形 ★be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将” “打算” 做 某事) Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park? 1. take a ride 兜风 2. take the subway 3. have been to, have gone to 4. on the one hand, on the other hand 5. a good place to practice your English 6. outside of China 7. end up 8. take a holiday/vacation 9. all year round 10. 11. such as a zoo called/named… 结束 度假 全年 例如 一 个 叫 在白天 醒来
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做……的动物园 12. 13. during the daytime wake up

14.

wake somebody up

唤醒/叫醒 玩得

某人 15. have a great/nice/wonderful/great time 高兴 16. a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit 一个度假/游览的好地方 17. an English-speaking country 一个讲 睡着 英语的国家 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. be asleep=fall asleep go on a DISNEY cruise travel to another province of China the reasons for learning English an exchange student improve my listening skills one….,the other.. Three quarters of the population are Chinese. 四分之三的人口是中国人(谓语动词用复数形 式) 26. What‘s the population of China? 中国的 中国 人口是多少?(不用 how much 提问) 27. the population of China is 1.3 billion 的人口是 13 亿。 (谓动词用单形式)
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本单元目标句型: 1. Me neither. 2. It‘s fun to learn another language. 3. Disneyland is an amusement park, but we can also call it a theme park. 4. It has all the normal attractions you can find at an amusement park, but it also has a theme. 5. the roller coaster is themed with Disney characters. 6. You can see Disney characters walking around Disneyland all the time. 7. These are huge boats that also have the Disney theme. You can take a ride on the boat for several days, and you sleep and eat on board. 8. There are also many attractions on board just like any other Disneyland. 9. The boat rides all take different routes, but they all end up in the same place. 10. 11. It is just so much fun in Disneyland. Here‘s what two of our students said about our

school. 12. When I was a young girl, all I ever wanted to do

was traveling, and I decided that the best way to do
42

this was to become a flight attendant . 13. I discovered that the most important

requirement was to speak English well, so I studied English at the Hilltop Language School for five years before I became a flight attendant. 14. It was because I could speak English that I got It‘s all I have ever wanted to be. However, I know that I have to improve my

the job. 15. 16.

English, so I have started taking lessons at the school. 17. Maybe when I leave school I‘ll think about

becoming an English teacher rather than a tour guide. 18. 19. 20. What other job is he thinking of doing? You can rent bicycles at the amusement park. For many Chinese tourists, this small island in

Southeast Asia is a wonderful place to take a holiday. 21. Maybe you fear that you won‘t be able to find However, if you ?re feeling brave, Singapore is
43

anything to eat in a foreign country. 22.

an excellent place to try new food. 23. If you go to see lions, tigers, or foxes during the daytime, they‘ll probably a asleep. 24. One great thing about Singapore is that the

temperature is almost the same all year round..this is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose to go whenever you like—spring, summer, or winter. 现在完成时句型举例: 1. Have you ever been to an amusement park? 经去过游乐园吗?Yes, I have./ No, I haven‘t. 2. I have never been there. Me neither=Neither have I. 我也没有. 3. Where is he? He has gone to the Beijing. 4. How long has he been in Beijing? come/arrive) 5. I‘ve never been to an aquarium. 没去过水族馆. 6. I have been a student here for a year. 为这的学生有一年了. (不能用 become) =I became a student here a year ago. 7. He has been dead for two years.(不能用 die)=he
44

你曾

(不能用 我从 我成

died two years ago. 8. I have been a teacher since ten years ago(for ten years.) (不能用 become) 9. I have just/ever/already/never seen the movie. Have you ever heard of the man before?

本单元语法讲解 现在完成时 1.现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影 响或结果。本时态标志词: already (―已经‖,用于肯定句中,放在 have /has 之 后或句尾) ; yet (―仍然‖―还‖,用于疑问句或否定句的句尾) just(―刚刚‖,放在 have /has 之后) ; before(―以前‖,放在句尾) ; ever(―曾经‖,放在 have /has 之后) never (―从没有‖,在 have /has 之后) 例句: 1.Our teacher has just left. 2.We have studied English already. 3.I have not finished the homework yet. 4.He has never been to Beijing before. 2.某个动作从过去已经开始,一直持续到现在,还有可 能持续到将来.动作的持续性要通过一段时间来表示
45

一段时间的表达方法有两种: for: +一段时间 for a year for two weeks for three years Since +过去的某一时刻, since nine since last week Since +一般过去时态的时间状语从句 since you came ; since you got home. 注意:结束性动词不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连 用,但是它们可以转换成相应的延续性动词. 1.直接用延续性动词 buy– have;catch(get) a cold –have a cold; borrow—keep;become—be;put on-- wear 2.转换成 be+名词 join the army – be a soldier;join the Party –be a Party member; go to school– be a student 3 转换成 be+形容词或副词 die—be dead;finish – be over;begin—be on; leave—be away ; fall sleep – be asleep close – be closed come to/ go to/arrive at(in)+某地—be in(at) + 某地 4.转换成 be+介词短语 go to school– be in school ; get up_ be up; 现在完成时态常见标志词 1. already(已经), just(刚刚), never(从未/从没 有), ever(曾经), yet(仍然/还), before(以前 (句尾时) 2. since+点时刻或从句;
46

for+段时间; how long 疑 (

问句中用来提问 since/for 短语的) 3. so far;till now;by now(到目前为止;迄今) 4. recently 近来 的几年中 5. once(一次),twice, three(four…) times in the past/last+段时间 在过去

6. It is the+最高级+n.+ (that) sb.have ever done 例:What‘s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么? Unit 10 It‘s a nice day, isn‘t it? 1. 事 2. like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做 想要做 想要某人做 觉得像…. 费了 做某事有 某事 3. would like to do=want to do 某事 4. like sb. to do 某事 5. 6. feel like sth. have a hard/difficult time doing sth feel like doing=want to do sth. 想做某

很大劲做某事 7. have problem doing sth 困难
47

8. 9.

have fun doing sth need to do sth.

乐于做某事 需要做某事 需 要

(主语是人,强调主动) 10. need doing=need to be done 被…(主语是物,强调被动) 例如:I need to do my homework mending/reparing 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. a thank-you note for.. look through get along/ on well with at least at most be careful =look out be careful to do/not to do sth. 最多 当心,小心 小心 过街 穿过(空间/ 经过/路过 跟着来 小声地/大 感谢信 浏览 相处得好 至少 The bike needs

做/不做某事 18. cross a street =go across a street (穿过表面) 19. go through 房间/森林等) 20. 21. 22. go past come along say in a low/loud voice
48

声地说 23. something cost+ 钱 = something is worth+ 钱 某物值多少钱 24. 25. 26. a high/low temperature the price is high/low do/try one‘s best to do sth. 高/低温 价格高/低 努 力 /

尽力做某事 27. 28. 29. by noon look through books in a bookstore a boy you‘ve never seen before. 目标句型:反意疑问句句型如下: 注意:以下本单元语法反意疑问句容易考到的几个 句型: 1. It looks like rain, doesn‘t it? Yes, it does./No, it doesn‘t 看起来要下雨了,是吗? 2. He‘s really good, isn‘t he? 是吗? 3. You are new here, aren‘t you? 的, 是吗? 4. You have never been to Beijing, have you? ( never 表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 5. She has few friends, does she?
49

他确实好, 你是新来

(few 表达

否定含义,后面用肯定) 6. Tom had little work to do, did he? 达否定含义,后面用肯定) 7. You can hardly do the work, can you? 表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 8. Let‘s go home, shall we? 9. Don‘t be late again/Let us go home, will you?(祈使 句用 will you;但 Let‘s 开头的用 shall we) 10. Thank you so much for asking/inviting /having (hardly (little 表

me!非常感谢你邀请我 11. How much does that shirt cost=How much is the

shirt?那件衬衣值多少钱? 12. 13. He sure is. This is great weather, isn‘t it? It sure is. But it‘s The line is slow, isn‘t it? Their prices are really low, aren‘t they? How big is your apartment? Did you see the game on TV Friday night? Sometimes it isn‘t easy being the new kid at

a little hot for me. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

school. 19. The video you showed was really fun.
50

20.

I was having a hard time finding it until you

came along. 21. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along Thanks for the tickets for next week‘s game.I‘m I‘ll think of you as we watch the Black Socks

in a new place. 22.

really happy to have the tickets. 23.

win the game. 24. 25. The traffic is very busy at this time. I‘m going to look through the newspaper for a

holiday job. 26. Be careful to look both ways before you cross

the street. 27. If you have finished your homework, you could

help with cleaning and cooking.

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