新牛津高中英语模块 9-10 期中知识点回顾及复习题
模 块 九 重点高频单词： 1. considering prep.&conj.考虑到；鉴于 2. content adj.满意的；甘愿 vt. 使满足 n. 内容；目录；容量 3. owe vt.归因于，归功于；欠??债
；欠(人情) 4. equip vt.装备，配备 5. associate vt.联想，联系 adj.非正式的；副职的 6. appoint vt.任命，委任；指定(时间、地点) 7. object vi.反对，不赞成 8. submit vi.&vt.顺从；投降；提交 9. ambition n．雄心，抱负；野心，企图 10. caution n．谨慎，慎重； 告诫 11. strike vt.罢工；击打；撞击；攻击 n. 罢工；打击 12. deliver vt.&vi.递送，运送；发表(演讲)，宣布 13. reduce vt.减少；降低；使处于 vi. 减少，缩小
14. consistent adj.一致的；始终如一的；连续的 15. compromise vi.&n.妥协，让步 16. abolish vt.废除，废止(法律，制度，习俗等) 1 用括号里所给词的适当形式填空： 1. Every time he had a chance, he would talk about the great difficulty he had ________(settle) in the new country.
2. ________(consider) the high quality of the product, our price is very reasonable. 【答案】 1. settling 重点高频短语： 1. on behalf of sb.(＝on one's behalf) 代表某人；为了某人的利益 2. in terms of 在??方面，从??方面来说 3. date back to 追溯到，始于 4. count on 依靠，依赖，期望 5. by and by 不久，很快，过一会儿 6. second only to 仅次于 7. little more than 只是??而已，仅仅 8. be charged with 控告；被指控犯有??罪 9. split off from 脱离，分离 10. at random 随意地，随便地 11. get one's (own) way 随心所欲 2. Considering
12. be bound to 很有可能，肯定会 13. catch on 理解，明白；受欢迎，流行 14. be centred around 以??为中心，围绕 15. in other words 换句话说，也就是说 佳句读背： 1. Therefore, the_next_time you choose your clothes, you should think more carefully about what colours to wear. 因此，下次你选服装时，你应该更为细心地考虑服装的颜色。 2. Montreal, a port in the province of Quebec, is the second largest city in Canada, and also the second largest French－speaking city in the world, Paris_being_the_largest． 港口城市蒙特利尔位于魁北克省境内，是加拿大第二大城市，也 是世界上第二大法语城市(最大的是巴黎)。 2 单项填空： 1. I wish to take the opportunity to thank you ________ all the
colleagues for your warm reception and incomparable hospitality. A. in terms of B. on account of C. on behalf of D. in honour of 2. Humans are thought by some scholars ________ living apes
15 to 20 million years ago. A. to split away from B. splitting off from C. to have split off from D. having split away from 【答案】 1. C 2. C
模 块 十 重点高频单词： 1. conclude vt.&vi.(使)结束；下结论；推断 2. reaction n. 生理反应，副作用；回应，反应 3. assess vt.评估；估算 4. suspect n．嫌疑犯，可疑对象 vt.怀疑 5. request vt.&n.要求， 请求 6. beyond prep.超出(??之外)；非??所能及；在(或向)??的 那一边 7. expense n．费用，开销 8. repay vt.偿还；报答， 回报 9. elect vt.&vi.选择(做某事)；选举 10. rent n．租金 vt. 租用，租借；出租 11. rob vt.抢劫，掠夺，盗取 12. discriminate vi.&vt.歧视；区分，辨别
13. tough adj.难熬的；困难的；严厉的；坚强的 14. sympathy n．同情；赞同，支持 15. considerate adj.体贴的，为他人着想的 16. trap vt.使陷入困境；使陷入圈套；夹住 n．陷阱，圈套； 困境 17. flexible adj.能适应新情况的，灵活的，可变动的；有弹性的 重点高频短语： 1. push for sth.迫切要求，反复争取 2. cater to sb./sth.满足需要，迎合 3. catch up on 补上，补做 4. put pressure on sb.(to do sth.)促使/迫使某人(去做某事) 5. wipe away 消除， 去除 6. make sense 是有道理的；讲得通；是明智的 7. on top of 除??之外；在??上面(方)；紧接着 8. contrary to 与??相反；相反的 9. put into effect 使生效，实施 10. set alarm bells ringing 敲响警钟 佳句读背： 1. There_is_a_saying_that_goes,_“Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for the rest of his life.” 有句俗语是这样说的： “授人以鱼，三餐之需；授人以渔，终
身之用。 ” 2. This_is_why education and training for young people is so important. 这就是教育和培训对年轻人来说重要的原因。
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节；满分 35 分) 第一节 单项选择(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. ___ is announced in today’s paper, they have succeeded in solving many problems in accordance with the new theory. A. It D. As 22. The famous scientist was going out _____ he found himself surrounded by lots of young people. A. when while D. after B. before C. B. That C. What
23. They live on their small farm ____ the family with corn. A. providing to B. D. provided to provided C.
24. I don’t know if he ____ us; if he ____, I’ll let you know. A. will come and help; comes B. comes and helps; will
come C. will come and help; will come comes 25. – Let’s go skating, shall we? --That’s not a good idea; the ice is too thin _____ your weight. A. to bear bore D. born B. bearing C. D. comes and helps;
26. – Are you married? --No, still______. A. one separate D. myself. B. single C.
27. When _______ America and Britain, this famous writer said that the same language _____ the two people. A. talking of; separates C. talking; separates B. talked of; separated D. talks; separates
28. She tried _______, but failed; now she could do nothing but wait till her husband came. A. to search the pockets her key for her pockets C. searching the pockets for her keys the pockets 29. They all say TITANIC is a good movie which is worth ______second D. to search her keys for B. searching her keys
time. A. seeing the a B. seeing a C. to see
D. being seen the
30. They were walking around the town _______ a place for the party. A. in search of searching B. to search C.
D. searched for
31. I was about to leave the house ____the telephone rang. A. before while D. after B. when C.
32. Thanks is a common _____ used in English. You can never use it too much. A. word expression B. words D. expressing C.
33. However much ______, it will be worth it. A. does the watch cost C. the watch will cost 34. – You were______ to give us a hand. ---Sorry. I _______ delayed by the traffic. A. hoped; was C. supposed; was 35. – I had to pay ten dollars for this bowl. ---It’s probably ________. B. hoping ; have been D. supposing; have been B. costs the watch D. the watch costs
A. worth them D. worth it
B. worth so
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Can you imagine becoming the richest person in the world and then giving your money away? That’s exactly what Andrew Carnegie 36 . Carnegie had a number of different careers; he was an industrialist and a businessman and he made a lot of money. He believed that 37 people were morally obligated (有责任的) to give their 38 back to others in society. So after retirement in 1901, the world’s 39 man decided to become a philanthropist (慈善家), a person who gives money to good 40 . 41 Carnegie had made some charitable donations before 1901, he really made giving away money his new 42 after retirement. In 1902 he founded the Carnegie Institution to fund scientific research and 43 a pension fund (退休基金) for teachers with a $10 million donation. Throughout his life, Andrew Carnegie loved to read. As a result, it made 44 that he wanted to give money to 45 education and reading. When Carnegie was a young man he lived near Anderson, a rich man who 46 any working boy to use his 47 library for free. In those days, America 48 had a system of free public libraries and poor people usually had nowhere to find books to read. Carnegie never forgot Anderson’s 49 ; so he gave money to towns and cities to establish more than 2,000 public 50 . He also gave $125 million to a foundation called the Carnegie Corporation (卡耐基社团法 人) to 51 colleges and other schools. World peace was another cause Carnegie 52 . He established the Carnegie Endowment (基金) for international peace and funded the building of the Hague Palace of Peace,
which 53 the World Court with houses, in the Netherlands. By 1911, Carnegie had 54 a huge amount of money —90 percent of his 55 . Today, Carnegie has a world-wide reputation, both for his success in his business and in his contributions to charity. 36. A. admired did 37. A. wealthy considerate 38. A. business money 39. A. richest smartest 40. A. expectations decisions 41. A. Until Because 42. A. hobby 43. A. discovered awarded 44. A. fun effect 45. A. support Extend B. continue C. raise D. B. success C. sense D. B. hope B. established C. life C. applied D. career D. B. Though C. Since D. B. causes C. reputations D. B. purest C. poorest D. B. experience C. wisdom D. B. sincere C. educated D. B. promised C. said D.
46. A. allowed praised 47. A. public main 48. A. rarely 49. A. enthusiasm Energy 50. A. libraries Academies 51. A. buy Choose 52. A. burst in in 53. A. handled dealt 54. A. collected wasted 55. A. strength
B. nearly B. generosity
C. usually C. courage
D. really D.
B. took on
C. relied on
第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A It is reported that the Ebola virus has returned to Africa. The virus causes a disease called Ebola hemorrhagic (出血的) fever. The Ebola virus affects animals and people. It killed more than 200 people in the former Zaire in 1995. This year, the Ebola virus has killed more than 150 people in Uganda. The Ebola virus kills so quickly that the body’s defense system has no time to act against it. The disease kills fifty to ninety percent of the people it infects (感染). The disease begins with high body temperature, severe headache and muscle hurting. Then it causes severe bleeding and organ failure. Then the victim dies. Doctors say a person with the Ebola virus usually dies within three weeks after becoming infected. The disease spreads by people touching the body fluids of an infected person. No medicine or treatment now exists for the disease. Recently, however, American researchers announced progress in developing a medicine to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever in monkeys. The scientists gave eight monkeys a small but deadly amount of the Ebola virus. They gave an experimental vaccine (疫苗) to only four of them. The monkeys that did not receive the vaccine died within a week. The vaccine prevented the disease from developing in the four monkeys that received it. All the four monkeys were healthy six months later.
The researchers said this was the first time a vaccine had protected animals similar to humans from the deadly Ebola virus. They will continue to test the vaccine on animals by giving them increasingly strong amounts of the virus. 56. The first symptom of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is ______. A. high body temperature B. serious bleeding C. severe body hurting D. organ failure
57. The Ebola virus can cause death quickly mainly because _________. A. it causes a great deal of suffering B. it causes people to lose much blood C. the body’s defense system hasn’t time to act against it D. it can easily produce viruses in people’s bodies 58. From the passage we can learn that _________. A. the Ebola virus was originally found in Africa B. progress in finding a vaccine to prevent the Ebola virus has been made C. monkeys can be infected by the Ebola virus through air D. people infected with the Ebola virus always die immediately after being infected 59. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Monkeys are similar to humans in how a vaccine affects them. B. The researchers directly tested the vaccine on people. C. Half of all moneys injected with the vaccine died six months later.
D. The researchers gave the monkeys a large amount of the Ebola virus.
B It’s hard to find a star shining brighter in Nashville than Kenny Chesney. Since he took off 15 years ago, this country musician has sold more than 25 million albums, has had sixteen No. 1 hits, won countless awards and had a sea of loyal fans who have made him the biggest North American concert-ticket seller. Kenny is certainly at the height of his career as he releases his Greatest Hits II album this week. It’s a collection of songs in which he says each takes him to a different place or event in his life. The most personal is the song I’m Alive, Kenny tells The Boot. "Most of the songs on this record are really fun, but I wrote I’m Alive after my breakup with Renee. I woke up one day and realized, even though I had gone through this and didn’t feel good about it, my life still belongs to me. I’m alive; I get to make music; I’ve got a lot of great friends. That’s the message of the song." Kenny insists that the song selection for Greatest Hits II is not formulaic(刻板的). In addition to the hits that climbed the country charts, the singer also wanted to include some songs unknown to his fans that reflected his life and career path. "I didn’t want it to be all hits; I wanted
it to be a second chapter of my life in music," he explains. "So the song Beas You Are really does that for me." Kenny recently celebrated his 41st birthday, but the number of candles on the cake didn’t depress him a bit, thanks to what he loves so deeply. "I still feel like I’m 18,"he says. "Living life the way you do on the road, it definitely keeps you feeling that way. And I think people that have music in their life are a lot better off ( 富有) and healthier than people that don’t. I’ve been very content to have not just a little bit of music in my life, but a whole lot of music. It drives my life." 60. Kenny Chesney refers to one of his songs I’m Alive for the purpose of _________. A. telling his fans about his breakup with his girlfriend B. inspiring his fans with confidence in life C. calling on people to make music like him D. advertising his new album to increase sales 61. We can learn from the passage that Kenny Chesney ______. A. is a star not only in Nashville, but also around the world B. won few awards for his work in country music C. was at his most successful when Greatest Hits II was released D. selected nothing but big hits for Greatest Hits II 62. What is the relationship between music and life, according to Kenny
Chesney? A. Music is a way of earning a lot of money. B. Music always makes people feel they are 18. C. Music gives life power, besides wealth and health. D. Music is the most important part of everyone’s life.
C Experts have confirmed youngsters who use Face book(美国一社交 网站) do worse in exams. For the study, the researchers quizzed 219 college students about their study habits and the time they spent on Face book. They found that 65 percent of Face book users used the net daily, often checking it several times to see if they had received new messages. The study said that 68 percent of students who used Face book didn’t perform as well as those who did not use the site. Surfing on Face book can swallow up(耗尽) hours of study time. University student Daisy Jones, 21, said: "I was in the library trying to write a 2,000-word essay when I noticed my Face book habit had gotten out of hand. I couldn’t resist going online. You do that, then someone’s photo catches your eyes. Before you know it, a couple of minutes have turned into a couple of hours and you haven’t written a thing." While they focused on Face book, the findings are also thought to
hold true for other social networking sites. A research by the National Literacy Trust recently showed that one in five youngsters aged seven to 15 never read books outside school because websites and blogs are becoming their reading matter of choice. Pupils ranked social networking sites, blogs, general websites and magazines above books in a survey of their reading habits. Research has also shown that youngsters are spending up to six hours a day in front of a screen. However, students appeared to ignore the effect of going online on their study performance. The majority did not feel it had an impact on their work. A spokesman for Face book said: "There is also research that shows the benefits of services like Face book. It’s in the hands of students, with the help of their parents, to decide how they spend their time." 63. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. study shows pupils who spend time on Face book do worse in exams. B. People who spend more time on Face book spend less time reading. C. Websites and blogs are becoming student’s reading matter of choice. D. The usage of Face book among younger children is high and growing.
64. The third paragraph is developed by ________ in structure. A. example B. argument C. description D. analysis
65. What’s most students’ attitude towards the result of the study? A. Contrary. D. Uninterested. 66. According to Facebook’s spokesman, which of the following is TRUE? A. Face book doesn’t accept the result of the study. B. The result of the study is good for students. C. Students are to blame for their poor performance in study. D. It’s parents who decide whether students should be allowed to use Face book. B. Supportive. C. Understandable.
D Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records(and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records), is a reference book published annually, and contains an internationally recognized collection of world records —both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted series of all time. However, several world records that were once included in the book have been removed for ethical (伦理的) reasons. By publishing world
records in categories(种类), the book encourages people to try to beat that record, and pays no attention to health and safety. For example, following the publication of a "heaviest cat" record, many cat owners fed their pets beyond the bounds of what was healthy; this is an example of the entries that have been removed. In 1991, the book also dropped records within the "eating and drinking records" category of its Human Achievements section, over concerns that potential competitors would harm themselves, and expose the publisher to litigation(起诉). These changes included the removal of all liquor, wine and beer-drinking records, along with records for eating such unlikely things as bicycles and trees. Other records, such as sword swallowing and rally driving (on public roads), were closed to further entries because the current record holders had performed beyond what were considered acceptable levels of human tolerance. There have been examples of closed records being reopened, however. For example, the sword-swallowing record was listed as closed in the 1990 Guinness Book of World Records, but the Guinness World Records Primetime TV show, which started in 1998, accepted three sword swallowing challenges (as did the 2007 edition of the Guinness World Records). Chain letters are also forbidden. According to the book’s publisher: "Guinness World Records does not accept any records relating to chain letters, sent by post or e-mail. If you receive a letter or an e-mail, which
may promise to publish the names of all those who send it, please destroy or delete it; it is a trick." 67. This passage is mainly about _______. A. how many kinds of records Guinness World Records has B. ethical issues and safety concerns related to Guinness World Records C. the history of Guinness World Records D. Guinness World Records in overview 68. What is the main purpose of the first paragraph? A. To put forward the main idea of the passage. B. To tell the readers that the name of the book has changed. C. To indicate that Guinness World Records is a famous book. D. To encourage people to read Guinness World Records. 69. Guinness World Records has decided to remove some records because the following BUT ____. A. the records are too difficult to break B. the records are considered to involve immoral actions C. some aspects of trying to break them are dangerous D. some items are considered beyond acceptable levels of human tolerance 70. From this passage we can infer that ______.
A. sword swallowing will forever be closed to further entry B. the item about the fattest dog can be found in the present book C. the editors of Guinness World Records don’t want readers to write to them D. the record related to rally driving can still be found in the book
第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里 填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。请将答案写 在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Good communication is vital in modern society. We know that much of the communication is unspoken. Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes. Your good qualities can make good communication. The personal qualities include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expressiveness of eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. What should we do so that our communication will be effective? Here are my suggestions. Firstly, you should be yourself. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. The most effective people never change character from one situation to another. They’re the same whether they’re having a conversation with
their close friends, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being. Secondly, whether you’re talking to one person or one hundred, always remember to look at them. Don’t break eye contact while talking. As you enter a room, move your eyes comfortably, then look directly at those in the room and smile. This shows clearly that you are at ease. Smiling is important. The best type of smile and eye contact is gentle and comfortable, not forced. You should also absorb other people before showing yourself. You can’t learn anything when you talk. When you attend a meeting, a party or an interview, don’t immediately start throwing your opinions. Stop for a second. Absorb what’s going on. What’s the mood of the others—are they down, up, happy, expectant? Are they eager to learn from you, or do they show resistance? If you can sense what’s happening with others, you will be better able to reach them. So, listen before you talk. The fourth suggestion is that you focus your energy. How do you get your energy up? Before the meeting, collect your thoughts about the goal of the meeting—yours and the other’s. Once you go through the doorway, no longer think about yourself. Focus on the person you are meeting to find out what he is interested in. Properly collected energy comes across when we sincerely believe something. When you speak with energy, you are involved with your audience and your message. You create an air of
certainty. The audience may disagree with you, but they can’t question your belief. Lastly, I would like to remind you that you should lighten up. Take a good hard look at your self. Do you say “I” too often? Are you only concentrated on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to be more relaxed.
How to communicate (71) ▲ Suggestions Dos Don’ts Change character in
Be yourself Always be the same and
communicate with your whole (72) ▲ situations. being. Use your eyes l Make direct eye contact. and smile l Present a gentle and comfortable (73) ▲ . Listen before Stop for a short time to know (75) ▲ the others’ mood and what is happening with them. Focus your (76) ▲ l Remain (77) ▲ and think Think about yourself. clearly and carefully before the Begin your talk immediately. l Break eye contact. l (74) ▲ yourself to smile.
meeting. l Focus on the person you’re meeting. Lighten up Try to be (78) ▲ . l Say “I” too often. l Concentrate on your own problems. l Make too (79) ▲ complaint. Conclusion Good communication (80) ▲ on good personal qualities.
第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) 中国在 2008 年北京奥运会上令世人瞩目，中国运动员创造了新的 奥运会金牌记录。获金牌的运动员除了得到政府将金，还会得到其他 方面的奖励。对此，社会各界反响不一。 赞成 1、运动员为国争了光 2、运动员付出了许多辛苦和汗 水 3、奖金有利于体育后备力量的 培养 不赞成 1、运动员是国家培养出来的， 为国争光理所当然 2、得到大量奖金后，有些队员 就会退役
请你就此现象进行简单阐述，并提出自己的一些看法或建议。 （ 100 词左右）
___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ______________________________
参考答案 21-25 DACAA 26-30 BACBA 31-35 BCDCD 36-40 DADAB 41-45 BDBCA 56-60 BCACB 61-65 CCAAA 任务型阅读: 7 1. effectively/well 76. energy 77. calm 78. relaxed 80. rules 79. much 80. depends 72. different 73. smile 74. Force 75. talking 46-50 ABABA 66-70 ABCAD 51-55 BBBBD
书面表达(One possible version): China has become a shock to the world. Chinese players have got the
most gold medals in the 29th Olympic Games, so the Chinese government will offer each gold medal winner a bonus, local awards not included. Some say the players have won honor for our country after taking great pains, so they deserve it. What’s more, it will benefit the training of future players. Others believe the players get well trained and paid by the country so they should win honor for our motherland. Besides, some players may quit after getting much money. In my opinion, gold medal winner should be rewarded, but not too much. I only show respect for the sportsmen who worship the spirit of the Olympic Games.