当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

how 引导名词性从句的用法探讨


how 引导名词性从句的用法探讨
what 与 how 用法之比较似乎是很简单的一个问题, 但宜昌市 2004 届第二次调研考试的 一道完形填空题却引起了极大争议。现摘录如下: You must have heard these words like how happy it is to be a child. But would you honestly change

places with a child? Think of the years at school: the years spent liv ing in frequent fear of examinations and school activities. Every thought you think is controlled by some adults. Think of the times you had to go to bed early, you had to eat hateful thing that was supposed to be good for you. Remember _______ “gentle” pressure was given to you with words like “If you don't do as I say, I will...” I'm sure you will never forget! A. what B. why C. that D. how 参考答案为 D。对于此空有着如下一些观点: 观点 1:应选 A。Remember 后的宾语从句是一感叹句,而感叹词强调修饰的是名词 pressure,故应选用 what。 观点 2: 应选 D。也认为 Remember 后的宾语从句是一感叹句,而感叹词所强调修饰 的名词 pressure 前有一形容词 gentle,故应选用 how 。 观点 3: 应选 C。因为 what 与 how 引导的感叹句不可用作宾语从句,故 A 与 D 均不 对。 观点 4: 应选 D。认为 how “gentle”在句中作状语。 笔者认为此题单纯从语法结构上讲,四个选项均对。但在上述特定语境下应选 D, how 为佳。 此时的 how 引导的并非感叹句, 而是一句意思为 “??的情形” 、 “??的情景” 、 “?? 的经历”或“怎样、怎么”的连词引导宾语从句,相当于 the fact / situation / times / way that 。 A 项 what 干扰性很大, 但由于 gentle 用了引号且起否定作用, 故而不宜构成 What “gentle” pressure ... 的感叹句。 需注意的是, how 与名词连用构成感叹句一般只能是两种形式: how + many / much + 名词;how + 形容词 + a / an + 名词。 由此看来,对 how 引导名词性从句用法有待进一步探讨。在此谈谈己见。 how 引导名词性从句有如下几种情况: 1. 表方式、方法,相当于 the way in which。可译作“怎样、怎么” 。例如: I didn't know how he came here. 2. 表程度上的感叹,可译作“多么??、真??、这么??”等。例如: He said how beautiful those flowers were. He said how he regretted the hours wasted in the woods and fields. He was surprised at how much water I had drunk. 3. 表对程度、数量、情况的疑问。例如: She wondered how he loved her. I don't know how many students there are in our school. I have no idea how my mother is now. I want to know how he is getting on with his studies. 4. 仅用作连词引导间接陈述句,本身无意义。例如: He told me how (= that) he had read about it in the newspaper. 5. 用作连词,相当于 the fact / situation / times... that, 可译作“??的样子” 、 “??的情 形” 、 “??的情景” 、 “??的经历”等。例如: I still remember how they laughed.

I still remember how I left my hometown for the first time. I won't forget how we lived together. I won't forget how I lived in my childhood. (文/胡君祥; 英语辅导报)


相关文章:
how 引导名词性从句的用法探讨
how 引导名词性从句的用法探讨 what 与 how 用法之比较似乎是很简单的一个问题, 但宜昌市 2004 届第二次调研考试的 一道完形填空题却引起了极大争议。现摘录...
how引导名词性从句
how引导名词性从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。how 引导名词性从句 1. 表示方式...©2016 Baidu 使用百度前必读 | 文库协议 | 广告服务 | 企业文库 | 网站...
what引导名词性从句的用法
名词性从句中 that 和 what 的用法区别 一.that 引导的名词性从句 首先,连接...how it is D. what it is 这一题的正确答案是 D,是一个强调句型作宾语的...
what引导名词性从句的五种用法
what 引导名词性从句的五种用法 注意 what 引导的名词性从句的整体概念: 1)整个从句相当于一个名词 sb 或 sth 2)what 作为代词,在从句中作成分,通常主语,宾语...
what引导名词性从句的五种用法
what引导名词性从句的五种用法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。what 引导名词性从句的...how 引导名词性从句的用... 2页 免费 从一道高考题看what和th... 2页 ...
what引导名词性从句的五种用法
what引导名词性从句的五种用法_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。名词从句中,连接代词what的用法一直让我们困扰 what 引导名词性从句的五种用法 一、用法归纳 1....
what引导名词性从句的五种用法
what引导名词性从句的五种用法_英语_高中教育_教育专区。what 引导名词性从句的...how it is D. what it is ( 2006 山东 T32 这一题的正确答案是 D , ...
what引导的名词性从句用法例析
what 引导的名词性从句用法例析近年来,what 引导的名词从句已经是高考考查的热点...what D. how [03 上海卷] 【题意】今天人们十分明白是什么控制着大气层内外...
what引导名词性从句的五种用法
what引导名词性从句的五种用法_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。what 引导名词性从句...---Yes, I know .But how could I(prepared your speech for the meeting)...
what引导名词性从句的五种特殊用法讲解
what引导名词性从句的五种特殊用法讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。关于 what 引导...how 引导名词性从句的用... 2页 免费 what引导名词性从句的用... 14页 ...
更多相关标签:
how引导的名词性从句 | how引导名词性从句 | what引导名词性从句 | what引导的名词性从句 | 名词性从句引导词 | which引导名词性从句 | 名词性从句的引导词 | that引导的名词性从句 |