黄浦区 2014 年高考模拟考 英语试卷
2014 年 4 月 10 日下午
考生注意： 1. 考试时间 120 分钟, 试卷满分 150 分。 2. 本试卷设试卷和答题卷两部分。试卷分为第 I 卷和第 II 卷。所有答案必须涂（选择题） 或写（非选择题）在答题卷上，做在试卷上一律不得分。 3. 答题前，务必在答题卷纸上填写准考证号和姓名，并将核对
后的条形码贴在指定位置上。 第I卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A. August 6. A. A coat store. A. Policeman and driver. C. Boss and clerk. A. A brand of jeans. B. A new hair style. uniforms. A. The man enjoys dramas very much. B. Soap operas aren?t the woman?s favorite. C. The woman has watched a lot of soap operas. D. The man doesn?t want to watch a drama with the woman. 6. 7. 8. 9. A. Anxious. B. Casual. C. Supportive. D. Unbelieving. A. The style of the watch. C. The price of the watch. A. The damage to the environment. C. The demand of the job market. A. She can?t afford that much for a trip. B. She is fortunate to have made a lot of money. C. She doesn?t think 15,000 dollars is enough for the trip. D. She considers 15,000 dollars only a small sum of money. 10. A. Skipping the meal to lose weight. C. Ordering food to be eaten at home. B. Having the pizza with the woman. D. Dining out instead of eating at home. B. Her boyfriend?s figure. D. Her boyfriend?s preference. B. The location of the hotel. D. The solution to the issue. B. August 7. B. A chemist?s. C. August 13. C. A dry cleaner. B. Teacher and student. D. Doctor and nurse. C. Popular stars. D.School D. August 19. D. A watch shop.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only
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once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Engine trouble. B. Poor weather. C. Tall waterfalls. D. Tight budget. 12. A. Amazing as well as tough. B. Funny while incredible. C. Disappointing but rewarding. D. Fascinating and well-paid. 13. A. A mechanic. B. A photographer. C. A travel writer. D. A weather man. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Because it is totally beyond most students? ability. B. Because it doesn?t help people today learn from history. C. Because students should be taught from the past forward. D. Because this kind of teaching approach is out-of-fashion. 15. A. By studying with the traditional approach. B. By keeping names, places and dates in mind. C. By putting forward questions about the near future. D. By looking into the past for answers to present problems. 16. A. To explain the history of education. B. To state the purpose of learning history. C. To criticize students? habits of history study. D. To present a new method of history education. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. RESERVATION NAME: __17__ Tan Departure Flight Date: May 20th Class: __19__ DESTINATION: __18__ Return Flight Date: May __20__ Class: Business
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each blank. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Being a News Announcer at KGN Good Points ? ? ? __21__ __22__ interviews with important people ? ? Bad Points high stress long __23__
PS: Because of the tough competition, you have to be __24__. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each blank.
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II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Since my retirement from teaching music in 2001, I have spent a good deal of time 25. ______ (paint) as an artist. I actually began drawing in the summer of 1995 when my father died, so perhaps I was trying to recover 26. _____ the loss of my father, or maybe it was just paintings 27. _____ brought back memories of him. In any case, I drew pen and ink animals and landscapes much influenced by Krenkel and St. John for five years. For some strange reason, I had been waiting until my retirement to start doing watercolors again, but 28. _____ _____ ______ I walked out of the school door for the last time, I picked up my brushes and rediscovered Andrew Wyeth, who quickly became my favorite artist. I had looked through all the art books I had on my shelves and found his watercolors to be 29. _____ (close) to how I thought good watercolors should look. So I painted landscapes around Minnesota for three years and tried out many other types of painting. However, watercolors remained my first choice, and I think I did my best work there, 30. _____ (display) my paintings at a number of art shows. It is wonderful to have some time doing 31. _____ I want to do. As Confucius once said, “At seventy I can follow my heart?s desire.” (B) In the last decade, research 32. _____ (show) that resistance exercise can help numerous disease states, including depression. You can improve your overall health just by watching your weight and taking walks in the neighborhood. But 33. _____ you want to improve your fitness — look better, maximize health, have more energy, prevent injuries — you need to do more. In recent years, emphasis has shifted to a type of resistance training 34. _____ builds muscles used in day-to-day tasks, helping avoid injury or re-injury. 35. _____ (call) functional strength training, it helps with tasks such as lifting infants in and out of car seats or lifting garage doors. Another goal is 36. _____ (reduce) the risk factors in patients with long-term diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. “Part of my job is trying to convince that 85-year-old woman that she really 37. _____ start weight lifting. 38. _____ who need persuading are women recently treated for breast cancer.” says Dr. Dennis Kerrigan, at Henry Ford Health System?s Center for Athletic Medicine. “Friends and family tell them, ?Take it easy,? but chemotherapy (化疗) can reduce muscle mass, leaving body fat that is linked to cancer returning,” he says. “My suggestion? Strength training. It?s taken a long time for women to realize 39. _____ important strength training is, but once they try it, they 40. _____ (hook).” Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. applications G. fresh B. devoted H. publicize C. easy-going I. respect D. efficiently J. traditional E. increasingly K. wildfire F. interact
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When US? Duke University second-year student Christian Drappi sees someone using a Square (an electronic payment service) credit card reader, he pulls out his phone, takes a picture and uploads it to Twitter. “It kind of spreads like __41__ through Twitter,” said Drappi, who is a campus brand representative for Square. Companies are __42__ using college campus brand representatives to spread the word about their products. These representatives often rely on word-of-mouth tools like social media to __43__ the company and any promotional events they host. Though the brand representative is no stranger to the college marketing scene, social media are changing how these representatives __44__ with students of their same age and how effectively their message is communicated. Companies like Red Bull, Microsoft and Twitter all have campus representatives __45__ to spreading good news about the brand. “Campus representatives approach students groups, local merchants and other prospective users to demonstrate how the card reader works and its advantages over __46__ machines.” Adam Bassett, who runs the Square U program said. Cord Silverstein, executive vice president of interactive communications at the Raleigh advertising agency Capstrat, said, “Social media have made it easier than ever for college students to share opinions on a product with their friends. Someone?s friend, someone they __47__, like a student or a professor, these people are having much greater influence on what college students think, like and don?t like, because they trust their opinions.” When looking at representative __48__, McCarthy, who heads the campus representative program for Square, said the company looks for __49__ students who are social-media understanding. “Three or four years ago, brand representatives on campus were a(n) __50__ idea. Now companies have them everywhere. There?s only so much mindshare to capture.” McCathy emphasized. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. In India, almost all marriages are arranged. Even among the educated middle classes in modern urban India, marriage is as much a concern of the families as it is of the __51__. So customary is the practice of arranged marriage that there is a special name for a marriage which is not __52__: It is called a “love match”. On my first trip to India, I met many young men and women whose parents were in the process of “getting them married”. In many cases, the bride and groom would not meet each other before the marriage. __53__ they might meet for a brief conversation, and this meeting would take place only after their parents had decided that the match was __54__. Parents do not force their children to marry a person who either marriage partner finds unacceptable. But only after one match is refused will another be sought. As a young American woman in India for the first time, I found this custom of arranged marriage __55__. How could any intelligent young person __56__ to such a marriage without great reluctance? It was __57__ to everything I believed about the importance of romantic love as the only basis of a happy marriage. It was also in conflict with my strongly held beliefs that the choice of such a close and permanent relationship could be made only by individuals __58__. If anyone had tried to arrange my marriage, I would have been __59__! Sita, one of my young friends, was a college graduate with a degree in political science. She
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had been __60__ for over a year while her parents were arranging a match for her. I found it difficult to accept the obedient（顺从的） manner in which this well-educated young woman awaited the outcome of a process that would __61__ her spending the rest of her life with a man she hardly knew, a total stranger, __62__ by her parents. In frustration and distress, I asked her, “Don?t you care who you __63__?” “Of course I care,” she answered. “This is why I must let my parents choose a boy for me. My marriage is too important to be arranged by such a(n) __64__ person as myself. In such matters, it is better to have my parents? __65__”. 51. A. classes B. individuals C. society D. country 52. A. matched B. decided C. concerned D. arranged 53. A. After all B. In addition C. At most D. On average 54. A. comfortable B. imperfect C. suitable D. dissatisfying 55. A. acceptable B. amazing C. depressing D. strange 56. A. agree B. turn C. exchange D. devote 57. A. customary B. remarkable C. similar D. contrary 58. A. involved B. present C. informed D. available 59. A. ambitious B. proud C. rebellious D. puzzled 60. A. fighting B. protesting C. waiting D. dreaming 61. A. profit from B. hold back C. act out D. result in 62. A. picked out B. picked up C. taken up D. taken out 63. A. encounter B. favor C. marry D. join 64. A. intelligent B. unfortunate C. inexperienced D. careless 65. A. blessing B. guidance C. fortune D. promise Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Yo-Yo Ma is one of the most gifted cellists (大提琴手) in the world today. He is known internationally for not only the many classical pieces he performs but also his willingness to think outside of the box musically. Yo-Yo Ma has recorded over 75 albums; many of them strictly considered classical in arrangement, while others differ greatly from classical music. He?s worked with musicians like Bobby Mcferrin and Sting, and explored musical forms that range from traditional Chinese music to bluegrass. His musical explorations, including the scoring or performance in numerous films, have won Ma many awards and honors. Born to Chinese immigrant parents in Paris in 1955, Yo-Yo Ma was already a gifted musician by the time his family moved to the U.S., when he was seven. One of his first performances where he was much noted was a 1962 performance for U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Ma was certainly a genius, appearing on television by the time he was eight and performing with numerous orchestras through his teens. Like many young extraordinary musicians, Yo-Yo Ma?s educational path included the study at the distinguished Juilliard School of Music. Unlike geniuses that stay on a singular path, Ma felt that he wanted to expand his education by taking a traditional liberal arts course at first Columbia and then Harvard University, where he received his bachelor?s degree in 1976. He wasn?t always certain that he should continue to pursue his career as a cellist, and refers to hearing the work of
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Pablo Casals, the famous Spanish cellist, as inspiration to continue his studies and performance. By the early 1980s, Yo-Yo Ma had become internationally known. He also began to express considerable interest in the possibilities of musical education for children. To that end, he made appearances on Sesame Street and other shows targeted at children. In 1998, Ma started the Silk Road Project, which promotes cooperation among artists, including musicians from around the world. His devotion to bringing together the various cultures represented by the ancient Silk Road is expressed in Ma?s political attitude of peace through music. In 2006, the UN Secretary General Kofi Anan named Ma a Peace Ambassador. 66. Which of the following statements is TRUE about Yo-Yo Ma? A. He has explored a wide range of musical forms. B. He wasn?t well-known in the U.S. until the 1980s. C. He is famous only for the classical pieces he performs. D. He was determined to become a cellist since childhood. 67. Whose work has had an influence on Ma in deciding to pursue a career as a cellist? A. Bobby McFerrin?s. B. Kofi Anan?s. C. Pablo Casals?. D. Sting?s. 68. Through the Silk Road Project, Yo-Yo Ma intended to ___________. A. continue his studies while performing with musicians all around the world B. bring together many different cultures represented by the ancient Silk Road C. become a UN Peace Ambassador by expressing his political attitude of peace D. promote musical education for children in the countries along the ancient Silk Road 69. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. To Be Known as Early as Possible B. Growth Process of a Peace Ambassador C. University Education: Key Factor to Yo-Yo Ma?s Success D. A Talented Musician with Sense of Social Responsibility (B)
Kuringai Chase National Park Guided Walks and Nature Activities
SUNDAY MAY 7 EASY Early Morning Stroll in Upper Lane Cove Valley Meet at 7:30 a.m. at the end of Day RD, Cheltenham, while the bush is alive with birdsong. Round trip: 4 hours FRIDAY JUNE 6 EASY Poetry around a campfire Meet 7:00 p.m. Kalkaari Visitor Center. Share your favourite poem or one of your own with a group around a gently cracking fire. Drinks and food to follow. Bring a cup and a blanket (or a chair). Cost: $4.00 per person. Duration: 2.5 hours
FRIDAY MAY 12 MEDIUM Possum prowl Meet 7:30 p.m. at Seaforth Oval carpark. Enjoy the peace of the bush at night. Lovely water views. Bring torch and wear non-slip shoes as some rock climbing involved. Coffee and
SUNDAY JUNE 25 EASY Morning Walk at Mitchell Park Meet 8:30 a.m. entrance to Mitchell Park, Mitchell Park Rd. Cattai for a pleasant walk
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biscuits supplied. Duration: 2 hours
SUNDAY JUNE 4 HARD Baime Basin Track Meet 9:30 a.m. Track#8, West Head Road, Magnificent Pittwater views. Visit Beechwood cottage. Bring lunch and drink. Some steep sections. Reasonable fitness required.
wandering through rainforest, river flats and dry forest to swampland（沼泽地）. Binoculars （双筒望远镜）a must to bring as many birds live here. Finish with morning tea. Duration: 3 hours --------------------------------------------------------GRADING EASY suitable for ALL fitness levels MEDIUM for those who PERIODICALLY exercise HARD only if you REGULARLY exercise
70. If you seldom exercise, prefer nature to literature and are used to getting up early, you?re most likely to join __________. A. Early Morning Stroll in Upper Lane Cove Valley B. Baime Basin Track C. Poetry around a campfire D. Morning Walk at Mitchell Park 71. If you want to enjoy the peace of the bush at night, you are required to __________. A. meet at 7:30 p.m. June 6 B. bring slippers with you C. prepare a torch D. climb rocks for two hours 72. How many guided walks and nature activities provide food or drink? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4. 73. In the activity “Morning Walk at Mitchell Park”, one may have no chance to ___________. A. appreciate bird watching B. enjoy mountain climbing C. take a relaxing walk D. have morning tea (C) ESP, Extra Sensory Perception, is a catch-all expression for the so-called ability of certain people to receive transmitted thoughts from others, to transmit their own thoughts, to see what will happen in the future or to be able to move objects from one place to another without physically touching them. These special people are called psychics. Some believe that we all have this ability to some degree but that most of us choose not to develop it. Many people are skeptical about ESP. Alongside the existence of documented evidence, there are plenty of claims that have turned out to be cheating. For most people, it is difficult to accept such claims without having had first hand experience. The lack of scientific evidence is another factor to take into account. On the other hand, most of us have, at some time, experienced a seemingly unexplainable occurrence; hearing the telephone ring and knowing who will be on the other end of the line or cases of coincidence that seem to be too extreme to be accidental. Over the years there have been numerous ESP experiments conducted by serious scientists in serious institutions. Joseph Banks Rhine, a botanist at Duke University published a famous book in 1934 called “Extra-Sensory Perception” in which he claimed to have enormous evidence of ESP. However, other scientists have been unable to copy his results since, which has resulted in the book losing much of its original credibility and fame.
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The Ganzfield Experiments are considered to have been the most carefully examined ESP experiments. So-called psychics had their eyes covered and ears blocked while a “sender” attempted to transmit messages. Later the psychics would compare the messages received to the original messages sent out. There was a great deal of excitement and interest at the time, but the research failed to produce convincing results. One of the strongest criticisms against ESP is that in order for it to exist, the fundamental laws of physics would necessarily have to be broken. Human beings are attracted to the whole range of supernatural phenomena. ESP will always continue to fascinate. This becomes clear when we see how much of the media is dedicated to the topic: magazines, journals, web sites, television and radio programs. Some of the most successful films in recent years have fuelled interest among the younger generations who are starting to ask the same questions and to look for explanations for the same phenomena as their parents and grandparents before them. Who knows? One day we might just find these answers because one thing is certain: “The truth is out there! ” 74. According to the 1st paragraph, a psychic can do the following EXCEPT __________. A. read what his parents are thinking about B. transmit one friend?s thought to another C. predict what?ll happen at tomorrow?s meeting D. change the position of a chair without touching it 75. The underlined word “skeptical” in the second paragraph can be replaced with __________. A. enthusiastic Experiments”? A. They both failed to prove the existence of ESP scientifically. B. They were both the products of casually-designed research. C. Others followed their examples and got the same consequences. D. The writer and the experiment operators lost their fame eventually. 77. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Whether ESP exists. C. Who ESP attracts. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Travelers arriving at Heathrow airport this year have been met by the smell of freshly-cut grass, pumped from a corner through an “aroma box”, a machine which blows warm, sweet-smelling air into the environment. Heathrow?s move into “sensory” marketing is the latest in a long line of attempts by businesses to use sensory psychology — the scientific study of the effects of the senses on our behavior to help sell products. Marketing people call this “atmosphere” — using smells to
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76. What can be learned about the book “Extra–Sensory Perception” and “the Ganzfield
B. How ESP works. D. Why ESP fails.
influence consumer behavior. On Valentine?s Day two years ago, the chain of chemist?s Superdog scented one of its London shops with chocolate. “Chocolate is associated with love, ” said a marketing spokeswoman, “We thought it would get people in the mood for romance.” She did not reveal, though, whether the smell actually made people spend more money. However, research into customer satisfaction with certain scented products has clearly shown that smell does have a commercial effect, though of course it must be an appropriate smell. In a survey, customers considered a lemon-scented detergent (洗涤剂) more effective than another scented with coconut despite the fact that the detergent used in both was similar. On the other hand, a coconut-scented sun cream was rated more effective than a lemon-scented one. A research group from Washington University reported that the smell of mint or orange sprayed in a store resulted in customers rating the store as more modern and more pleasant for shopping than other stores without the smell. Customers also rated the goods on sale as better, and expressed a stronger intention to visit the store again in the future. Writers and poets have often described the powerful effects of smell on our emotion, and smell is often considered to be the sense most likely to recall emotion-filled memories. Perhaps the reason is because smells are very difficult to give a name to. The fact that smell is invisible, and thus somehow more mysterious, may partly explain its reputation as our most emotional sense. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 78. What is the function of “aroma box” at Heathrow airport? 79. The example of “coconut-scented detergent” and “coconut-scented sun cream” is used to show that __________. 80. __________ is of help for the store to leave a better impression on customers. 81. What is one of the reasons why smell is considered the most emotional sense?
第 II 卷 I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 这位医生已经说服了很多人戒烟。(persuade) 直到完成了任务，他才发现时间已经到了午夜。(Not until…) 他总是毫不犹豫地提出他认为对别人有帮助的批评。(hesitate) 现在就预订展览会的门票，你将有机会欣赏到众多的艺术作品。(chance) 药品没有广告说得那么有效，我服了药后，没有缓解我的咳嗽。(as…as)
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in over 120 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 你昨天在超市购物时遭遇了一件不开心的事。写一封 E-mail 向超市经理投诉，告诉他 事情的经过，并提出你希望的解决方案。（文中请不要出现真实的校名人名）
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黄浦区 2014 年高考模拟考英语试卷参考答案 第I卷 1–5 BCAAB 6 – 10 CCAAC
11 – 13 AAC 17. Peter 18. London
14 – 16 BDD 19. Economy 20. 28th
21. high salary / well paid 23. working hours 25. Painting 29. the closest 32. has shown 36. to reduce 39. how 41 – 45 KEHFB 51 – 55 BDCCD 66 – 69 ACBD 26. from 30. displaying 33. if
22. lots of travel / travel a lot 24. confident and aggressive 27. that 28. as soon as
31. what / something / everything 34. that / which 35. Called 38. Others
37. should / must 40. are / will be hooked 46 – 50 JIACG 56 – 60 ADACC 70 – 73 ACCB
61 – 65 DACCB 74 – 77 BBAA
78. To blow warm, sweet-smelling air into the environment. / To use smells to influence traveler /consumer behavior. 79. an appropriate smell does have a commercial effect 80. The smell of mint or orange 81. It is invisible, and (thus) mysterious. / It’s difficult to give a name to.
第 II 卷 I. Translation 1. The doctor has persuaded many people to / into give / giving up smoking. 2. Not until he completed the task did he find it was midnight. 3. He never hesitates to make criticism which / that he thinks is helpful to others. 4. Book the ticket for the exhibition now, and you will have the chance to appreciate a great number of works of art. 5. The medicine was not as effective as what the advertisement (had) claimed, for it didn’t relieve my cough after I took it.
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黄浦区 2014 年高考模拟考 英语试卷听力
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. M: When is your son?s birthday? W: August 13th, 6 days later than mine. Q: When is the woman?s birthday? W: Uh, Don, is there a place around here where I can get a coat cleaned quickly? M: Yes, there?s a one-hour dry cleaner in the Shell Building on Madison. It?s about two blocks from here. Q: Where will the woman probably go? M: Why didn?t you stop when the light had changed red? W: I?m terribly sorry that I was absent-minded. Do I have to pay a fine? Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? W: Well, have you heard of JLA jeans? M: Yeah, they are really in style right now. All the popular kids are wearing them. Q: What are they talking about? M: How do you feel about soap operas? W: I don?t really care much for dramas. Q: What can we learn from the conversation? W: Have you heard about the plan to reduce the number of car parks in the city? M: Oh yeah! Isn?t it great！ Q: What?s the man?s attitude towards the new plan? M: This is a wonderful sports watch. I?m sure you only want the best for your boyfriend. W: I do, but money is a bit tight. Do you think … could you give me a discount? Q: What is the woman?s major concern? W: I?m really concerned about this new hotel development. The first issue is that they?ll have to cut down the trees in the area. M: Yes, but I think that is unavoidable. Besides, think of all the jobs that it?ll bring to the
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area. Q: What worries the woman a lot? 9. M: Do you want to go on a trip with us to Australia this spring? It will cost about 15,000 dollars a person. W: 15,000 dollars? Do you think my father has just left me a large fortune? Q: What can be inferred about the woman?
10. W: Hey, Andy, is there anything to eat? I?m starving. M: No, I thought there was a frozen pizza, but it?s gone. Hmm, why don?t we get take-out? Q: What does the man suggest? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Good evening! Now, I know many of you are excited about the idea of getting paid to travel the world and see the sights. But remember, traveling isn?t all fun and games. It is hard work too. I remember when I was in Egypt to look at the pyramids. Now, of course they are fascinating – they are over 4,000 years old – but remember, Egypt is mostly desert and the temperature is often over forty-five degrees! So, the weather can be a problem. And several years later, I was traveling down the Yangtze River in China with some photographers, and we constantly had engine trouble with our boat, so we couldn?t steer along the 6380-kilometer river. Instead, we had to abandon our journey after just 2150, which was a major disappointment. The last journey I want to tell you about was the most rewarding. We went to Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall in the world. We backpacked for seventeen days through the jungles of Venezuela to get there. But when they finally came into view, with their breathtaking drop of 807 meters, it was incredible! So, remember, being a travel writer may sound like an amazing career, and it is certainly rewarding, but you have to be prepared for every possibility! 11. What forced the speaker to stop his journey down the Yangtze River? 12. What does the speaker think of his job? 13. What might be the speaker?s career?
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. What is the purpose of learning history? What?s the best way to teach it? Recently educators are rethinking their approach to history education. One new view is that it should be taught from the present backwards, keeping in mind the question, “Why is it like this today?” Let me give you
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an example. The traditional approach to teaching the history of business, of corporation, always begins with the history of the Industrial Revolution, and proceeds slowly through all the government action over three hundred years to the present. Critics say that method, making students only memorize names, places, and dates about the Industrial Revolution is a waste. Instead, it?s more effective for learners to begin with a present-day question, like, “Why is the economy so bad these days?” and then go back to examine the history of business to find the answer. In other words, beginning with the question about the present is more effective than rote memorization because it demonstrates a cause-and-effect approach to the study of history. And when students begin to see history as a cause-and-effect relationship, they can understand why the study of history is important. 14. Why do critics regard only memorizing historical facts as a waste of time? 15. How can students see history as a “cause-and-effect” relationship? 16. What is the main point of this talk? Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: Planet Travel. Julie speaking. M: Oh, er, hi. This is Peter Tan, I have an account with … W: Oh, hi, Mr. Tan. How can I help you? M: Well, I?d like to make a round-trip reservation to the United Kingdom. W: Sure. Business class? M: That would be nice, but, no, not this trip. W: OK. Round trip. Economy. M: Uh-huh. I need to be in London on the 20th. W: OK. Let me just take this down. May 20th, London. OK. How about coming back? M: Is the 28th OK? W: Yeah, no problem. Oh wait, there?s only business class left on the flight. Is that OK? M: Yeah, it?ll have to be. W: OK, I?ll just confirm these details and fax you the schedule. M: Thanks.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each blank.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: Hello? W: Hello, Carl? It?s Kate Taggart here. M: Kate! How have you been?
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W: Great. Actually, I?ve just been offered a job as news announcer at KGN and I wanted to ask you a few questions. M: That?s wonderful. What do you want to know? W: Well, what?s it like to be a news announcer at a big station like that? M: Well…you know, there are good points and bad points. Announcers are very well paid… W: Yeah, the salary is a lot higher. But tell me some of the bad points. M: Hmm. Well, stress is one. Being an announcer is a really high-stress job. W: And I guess the working hours are pretty long… M: That?s for sure. But, you?d get to travel a lot. I know you love to travel. W: I sure do. And also I?d get to interview some pretty important people. That would definitely be a plus. M: Yeah, it would. One other thing, as an announcer, you just have to be very confident and aggressive. The competition is tough. Everyone will be competing with you to get your job. W: Hmm. Well, thanks, Carl! You helped me a lot. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each blank.
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