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写建议信 How to write a letter for advice


书面表达专题
----建议信How to write a letter for advice

如何算是一篇好文章? 要 -覆盖了所有的要点 点 -应用了较多的语法结构和词汇 全 词汇,句型 (高级)和语法 多样化(较复杂)语言地道
连 接 词

-有效地使用了语句间的连接成 分,使全文结构紧凑,行文连贯, 条理清楚。



写作攻略 1.建议信是向收信人对某事提出写信人的建 议和忠告。 2建议信有可能是写给个人,就其遇到的某个 问题提出自己的看法和观点;也可能是写给 某个组织和机构,就改进其服务提出建议或 忠告。 3建议信要写出写信的原因,建议的内容,提 出建议的理由,提出的理由要入情入理,语 气一定要礼貌当先。因此建议信要写得简明 扼要、目的明确、具有合理性和说服力。

建议信写作的注意事项: a.这类文章一定要符合英 语信件的基本格式。 b.这类文章的基本时态多 用一般现在时和一般将来时。

篇章结构及内容: 首段:表明写作意图。陈述事由,简单 介绍自己,注意语气。 主体段落:应该首先肯定对方的优点, 然后再写需要改进的地方或针对具体情 况提出具体建议或忠告。千万注意不要 让别人以为你是在投诉,而不是提建议。 结尾段:对提出的建议进行总结,要注 意有礼貌使读者容易接受。
注意事项:语言要委婉、礼貌,顾及对方感受。

常用套语
A.建议信开头常用句式
to know that … 2.I am very glad to hear that you want to… 3.I know you have trouble in…after reading your letter 4.I am writing to you for the purpose of ----(照应材料,表明写作意图)

1.After I read your letter in the newspaper, I am sorry

5. You have asked me for my advice with regard to…and
I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions.

B. 表达建议(body)
1.first,firstly,secondly….then,after that,in the end.finally.Meanwhile, what’s more... 2 .I think it would be more beneficial if you could … 3. I would like to suggest/recommend that… 4. If I were you, I would… 5. In my opinion, it would be wise to take the following action. 6. When it comes to such a situation, I would like to suggest that you can…

C.建议信结尾常用句式
1. I believe you will take my advice into

account/consideration.
2. I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions

practical/useful/helpful.
3. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard.

4. I feel that it would be beneficial if you stick to it.
5. In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions

useful.

假如你叫孙军,是恩施高中的学生,要给市长 写一封信,反映学校门前交通拥挤现象,包括 以下要点: 问题 建议

学校和一所小学毗邻,对着 政 府应采取措施 , 大街,高峰期交通繁忙;加 如修天桥等。 之孩子小 , 家长接送。交通 更拥挤;学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。 参考词汇: 穿行 thread one’s way 天桥 overpass

第一步:审题
养成重视审题的习惯。虽然基础写作题是半封闭性的,但 审题仍然十分重要。现以样题为例,谈谈如何审题: 思考的问题 第几人称?(person) 文章的题材是什么? 样题分析 第一人称 一封信
通拥挤的状况

要写的文章主题是什么 (topic) 建议政府采取措施舒缓交 怎样安排信息点的顺序? (order) 动作是什么时候发生的?(时态) (when) 说理逻辑性 一般现在时

适当运用 模板

Dear Bob, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to (引出主题). Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to . Then, it also helps to . Besides, it should be a good idea to . You can also . (此三句不同的句式提出建议) As to , I suggest (有时根据需要 具体到某一反面). In addition, (其他建 议). I'm sure (预测可能的结果,给对 方以行动的信心和决心). I'm looking forward to (表达愿望). Sincerely yours, Li Hua

Dear____, You have asked me for my advice with regard to _____, and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions here. In my humble opinion(以我拙见), you would be wise to take the following actions: _____. I hope you’ll find these proposals useful and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details. Good luck with you. Yours, XXX

第二步:搜索相关词组或句型 问题 建议
学校和一所小学毗 政府应采取措施 , 邻,对着大街,高 如修天桥等。 峰期交通繁忙;加 之孩子小 , 家长接 送。交通更拥挤; 学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。

学校与一所小学毗邻,对着大街
stand next to… primary… face/be faced with… the main street… 推荐句型:There be+并列句 There’s a primary school near our school, and both schools face the main street. 非谓语结构 Our school stands next to a primary school, faced with/facing the main street. Standing next to a primary school, our school is faced with/faces the main street.

将介词短语提前(全倒装) Next to a primary school stands/lies/is our school

, faced with / facing a main street.

润色小建议
可将stand next to替换为高级词汇/短语 be located next to (near/beside/by) border/adjoin vt. be adjacent to与…毗邻 在…对面 be opposite to

?高峰期交通繁忙…..
traffic…. during the rush hours The traffic is busy during the rush hours. During the rush hours, there is a lot of traffic. so…. that… During the rush hours, there are so many cars and buses going on the road that… with结构 With so many cars and buses going on the road, …

润色小建议
“高峰期”可意 译: at peak time, a large current of cars and people “交通繁忙”可译为: traffic jam congestion 交通堵塞 be choke up with

be crammed with 被…堵塞/塞满

加之孩子小,家长接送,交通更拥挤
send…to…, fetch…. ,

, which….
Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier.

非谓语结构….
Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, making the traffic heavier.

加之孩子小,家长接送,交通更拥挤 What’s more, … pick up…. make…. To make things worse/ what’s worse, many parents coming to pick up their children make the street more crowded. In addition/ Additionally, many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier. What’s more, parents often attend their kids to school, resulting in more serious traffic jams. What makes things worse is that children have to be picked up by their parents owing to their young age.

so…. that….=too…to

The children are so young that parents have to send them to school and fetch them home, which makes/making the traffic heavier.

润色小建议
making the traffic heavier可意译为: making the situation more serious. making 可替换为: causing, leading to, resulting in “send…fetch…” 可替换为短语: pick up

学生过街在车辆中穿行危险 thread one’s way,when doing
固定句型It is +adj. for… to do…. It is dangerous for the students to thread their way among buses and cars when crossing the road.

润色小建议
灵活运用其它的短语进行意译: 1.Students are risking their lives to thread their way among cars. 2. Some are exposed to danger when crossing the ocean/ sea of cars. 适当增加形容词和副词: it is extremely dangerous,it is of great/ tremendous danger

政府应采取措施,如修天桥等。
?

suggest/suggestion, take steps/ measures/ action to do… such as

简单句 I suggest that the government should take steps such as building an overpass. 表语从句 My suggestion is that the government should… 固定句型 It is high time that…(虚拟语气) It is high time that relevant authorities took some measures like building…

润色小建议
A. 适当添加一些意思(过渡句)

1. In order to release the stress of traffic problems, … 3. Seeing these matters, never will I stop urging our government to take some measures. For the sake of improving the quality of traffic, it is significant to build…
B. 语义的意译

2. Aimed at solving these problems, the government should…

?The government should pay more attention to it and try to solve it.
C. 添加形容词和副词

I strongly suggest…, active/effective measures

第三步. 连句成文

但要注意:篇章的连贯性

A. As a consequence B. According to the phenomenon stated above C. When it comes to traffic jams
D. What makes things worse is that Next to a primary school stands our school, facing a main street. ___________, it’s crammed with cars during the C. rush hour. _______________ children have to be picked up D. by their parents owing to their young age. ___________, A. it’s of great danger for the students to go through the traffic. _________________, it is high time that relevant B. authorities took some measures like building an overpass.

适当运用 模板

Dear____, You have asked me for my advice with regard to _____, and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions here. In my humble opinion(依我拙见), you would be wise to take the following actions: _____. I hope you’ll find these proposals useful and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details. Good luck with you. Yours, XXX

Dear Bob, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to (引出主题). Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to . Then, it also helps to . Besides, it should be a good idea to . You can also . (此三句不同的句式提出建议) As to , I suggest (有时根据需要 具体到某一反面). In addition, (其他建 议). I'm sure (预测可能的结果,给对 方以行动的信心和决心). I'm looking forward to (表达愿望). Sincerely yours, Li Hua

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter来信向你咨询 如何才能学好中文。请你根据下列要点写回信。 要点:⑴ 参加中文学习班; ⑵ 看中文书刊、电视; ⑶ 学唱中文歌曲; ⑷ 交中国朋友。 注意:可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;开头语已 给出。 Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice no how to learn Chinese well.____ _____________________________________________ Best wishes, Li Hua

Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you'll be able to learn from the teachers and practice with your fellow students. Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers, and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you'll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. In addition, You can also make more Chinese friends. They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try writing to me in Chinese next time. Best wishes, Li Hua


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