疑问词+ ever & no matter + 疑问词
? 1.wh- + ever 可引导名词性从句或让步状语从句， 从句要用陈述语序；引导状语从句要用一般时态 表将来。 1)Whoever leaves the room ought to turn off the lights. (= Anyone who )
2)It is generally considered unwise to give a child whatever he or she wants. (= anything that) 3）Go to stamp sales and buy whatever you can afford. (同2) 4)Whomever you marry, make sure he can cook. (= No matter whom)
划分句子成份：如果把疑问词+ever的句子去掉，余下部 分仍是完整的句子，那么此句为让步状语从句；否则为名 词性从句。
5)Whichever day you come, we’ll be pleased to see you. (= No matter which) 6)However late he is, mother will wait for him to have dinner together. (= No matter how) 7)We’ll have to finish the job, however long it takes. (同6) 8)If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, however great it is.
9)Whenever we found an unknown plant, we had to describe it in our notebooks.
(= No matter when)
? no matter + wh-是连接词，只能引导让步状语 从句，(所有从句皆可替换为疑问词+ever）从句 置于主句前后均可。
? 1)No matter what he is wearing, Tod, just show him the cheapest. ? 2)No matter how far away you are, you are always in our thoughts. ? 3)No matter where you go, I will be right here waiting for you. ? 4)Whatever you say, I won’t believe you. ? 5)Whoever you are, you have no right to do that. ? 6)You can take it with you wherever you go.
? 注意： however修饰adj.或adv., 语序：however+adj./adv.+主语+谓语…。
? however用作一般 adv.的意思是“然而”。 ? However, it is also necessary to keep the various dialects, which are loved by local speakers and part of Chinese language.
? 然而，保留各种方言也是必要的，它们是当地 人所爱的，也是中国人语言的一部分。
? 5.whatever 和 whichever 可与限定词和 名词连用。 ? 1)whatever problems you have, you can always come to me for help.
? 2)I’ll take whichever tent you are not using.
1. ________ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 2. ________we gave him something to eat, he would save it up for his little sister. A.Whatever B. However C. Whenever D. Whichever 3. Doctor Godwin says that______what forceful arguments against cigarettes there are, many people insist on smoking. A. though B. however C. no matter D. even if
5.____________ , Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is 6. --Could you do me a favor? --It depends on______it is. A.which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 7. The old tower must be saved, ______the cost. A.however B. whatever C. Whichever D. wherever
8. Sarah hopes to become a friend of________shares her interests. A.anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 9. You can eat food free in my restaurant_______you like. A.whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. however 10._______ much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. A. How B. Whatever C. However D. What
1.Whoever breaks the law is to be punished. Anyone who breaks the law is to be punished. ______ ______ 2. He will give the dictionary to whoever needs it most.
He will give the dictionary to ______ anyone ____ who needs it most.
3. We’ll remember whomever we turned to for help. We’ll remember ______ anyone ________ (whom) we turned to for help. 4. They will do whatever he wants them to do. They will do ______ ______he anything that wants them to do.
5. I’ll read whichever book you give me.
I’ll read ____ any of the books _____ that you give me.