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牛津高中英语模块二Unit 2


晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 2

Unit 2
类型:申请信 话题:为??代言 典例展示

Wish you were here

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晨背佳作〃日积月累

I am a student from Xinhua Middle

School in Chongqing, China.I would like to be a spokesman for animals to try my best to protect them.1

晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 2

I like animals very much and I have a loving heart for animals,especially polar bears.So I want to speak for polar bears.Nowadays,the balance of nature is being destroyed and the weather is getting warmer and warmer.What’s worse,some people kill polar bears for their own sake.As a consequence,the number of polar bears is becoming smaller and smaller.2So,in order to increase people’s awareness of protecting polar bears,I apply for the spokesman for polar bears sincerely. I do hope I can be chosen as a spokesman for polar bears. (2011· 重庆卷)

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 2

佳句变式 范文中的划线句子可改为如下句式: 1.I would like to be a spokesman so that I can do my best to protect them. 2. make matters worse, To polar bears are killed only for the benefit of some people, which makes the number of polar bears smaller and smaller.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.arrange vt. & vi.安排→arrange for sb. to do...安排某 人做?? 2.protection n.保护→protect... from ...保护??免于?? 3.advance v.前进;进步;n.前进;预先→ in 提前 advance

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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4.supply n. & vt.提供,供给,补给→supply sb. (=supply sth. to sb.)供给某人??

with sth.

5.defence n.防御;保护→ in defence of 防御;保护 6.schedule n.& vt.计划→ on schedule 准时 7.bury vt.埋葬;埋藏→be buried in 埋头于,专心于 8.surrounding adj.周围的,附近的→be surrounded by 被??包围

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

B

构词记忆法 险的

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1.adventure n.冒险;冒险经历→ adventurous adj.爱冒 2.desert n.沙漠;vt.抛弃,舍弃→ deserted adj.空无一 人的 3. uncomfortable adj.不舒服的, 不自在的→ comfortable adj. 舒服的

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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4.tiring adj.让人疲劳的,累人的→ tired 5.tourism n.旅游业→ tourist n.游客 6.explore vt. & vi.探索;勘探→ exploration 7.officially adv.官方地;正式地→ official 方的;n.官员

adj.感到疲劳的 n.勘探;探测 adj.正式的;官

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

C 语境助记法 Tom’s newlypublished novel presents a scaring scene: surroundings destroyed, wildlife dying out, large amounts of land turning into desert, atmosphere full of dust.All of this indicates that the environmental protection is very important.It announces that if man doesn’t take any measures,human beings will be buried by themselves sooner or later.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

学情自测 将左栏的单词和右栏的英语释义连接起来 1.bury A.a situation in which people live and work well with other people, and in a way which does not damage things around them 2. Classic B. travel from place to place, especially to on foot, without a particular direction or purpose 3.Altogether C.rising or falling sharply, not gradually

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

4.desert

D.to travel around an area in order to learn about it or to search for sth. valuable such as oil

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5.Defense 6.Schedule

E.a plan of activities or events and when they will happen F.actions that you take to protect sb. or sth. that is being attacked

基础梳理·授之以渔

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7. explore 8.steep 9.wander 10.harmony

G. leave sb. in a situation where they to have no help or support H.a total number or amount that includes everyone or everything I.completely typical J.to put sb.’s dead body in the ground during a funeral ceremony

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答案 10.A

1.J

2.I

3.H

4.G

5.F

6.E

7.D

8.C

9.B

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.in case 万一 in case of 以防万一 2.look forward to 盼望 3. in advance 提前

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ahead of time 提前
4. make a fire 生火 put out a fire 灭火

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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5.in the open air 在户外 6. in silence 沉默地

keep silence 保持沉默 7. at a loss 困惑,不知所措 make a loss 亏损
8.in harmony with 与??和谐相处

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

学情自测 选词填空 at a loss, advance, look forward to, in harmony with, in in silence 1.The tribes are living in harmony with 2.I was at a loss 3.They drove home in silence . 4.He had worked hard and was looking forward to retirement. 5.It’s cheaper if you book the tickets in advance . his nature. to understand what had happened.

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基础梳理·授之以渔
Ⅲ.经典课文原句

Unit 2

1. I’ve been quite busy arranging my holiday (我一直忙于 安排我的假期)with my older brother,Colin. 2.Hilton described a beautiful kingdom where three rivers

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joined together

( 那 里 三 河 交 汇 ), steep mountains

reached to the sky,... 3. We’ll be travelling by camel with local guides,camping

in tents and sleeping on the ground (在帐篷里宿营, 在
地上睡觉). 4. I’ll bring a flashlight with me so that I’ll be able to see

in the dark (以便我将能在黑暗中看见).

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

5. have to wear a helmet and a life jacket for protection, You just

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in case you fall into the water (以防你掉进水里). whatever they do (不管他们吃什么、喝什

6.We’ll live with the local people in their villages,and eat and drink 么),including cow’s blood! 7.After that,we’ll be moving on to Tanzania, where

we’re going to climb Mount Kilimanjaro (在那里我们将
爬乞力马扎罗山).

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

8. When reading informal letters ( 当 读 非 正 式 信 件 的 时 候),we can see contractions such as ‘we’re’ and ‘I can’t’,... 9.In this perfect world lived people (住在这个完美世界的 人们) who had discovered how to stay young forever. 10.Colin was about to get off the camel when a child ran

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towards him (这时一个小孩朝他跑来).

基础梳理·授之以渔
Ⅳ.教材与高考

Unit 2

( 教 材 原 句 )We’ll live with the local people in their villages, and eat and drink whatever they do, including cow’s blood! (2011· 重庆,30)To show our respect,we usually have to take our gloves off A.whichever C.whoever we are to shake hands with. B.whenever D.wherever

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命题思路 考查疑问词- 引导的让步状语从句。 ever 从句中缺 少宾语,且指人,故选 C。此外,疑问词- 也可引导名词 ever 性从句。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

变式训练 1.Could I speak to Sales, please? A.anyone C.whoever B.someone D.no matter who

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C

is in charge of International

解析 句中介词 to 后需要一宾语,whoever 引导宾语从句且 在从句中作主语;no matter who 不能引导名词性从句。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

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2.

C

wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. B.The one D.Who

A.Anyone C.Whoever

解析 whoever 引导主语从句并在从句中作主语, 符合题意。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

Ⅴ.单元语法自测——将来进行时与过去将来时 用括号内的词翻译一个意义相似的句子 1 . This time tomorrow we’ll be in the air over the Atlantic.(flying)

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This time tomorrow we’ll be flying over the Atlantic.
2.We intended to get up at six in the morning.(going)

We were going to get up at six in the morning.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 2

3.They’re going to close the flight in a minute.(about)

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They’re about to close the flight.
4 . When I finally go into hospital, I’ll have had a tenmonth wait.(been)

When I finally go into hospital, I’ll have been waiting for ten months.
5.The government refuses to comment on the affair.(not)

The government won’t comment on the affair.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.arrange v.to plan or organize sth. in advance 安排;筹 备;to put sth. in a particular order;to make sth. neat or attractive 整理;布置 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 arrange with sb. to do sth.与某人约定做某事 arrange for sb. to do sth.安排某人做某事 make arrangements for...为??做安排
注意 不能说 arrange sb. to do..., arrange 后跟 that 从句时, 且 从句中用虚拟语气(should+) do。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)Three activities, skipping, jogging, outdoor aerobics, all of which are free of charge, will be arranged. (2010· 福建,阅读 D) 蹦极、慢跑和户外有氧运动这三项免费的运动都会有安排 的。 (2)He arranged that the meeting (should) be put off for a week. =He arranged week. 他已安排好将会议延期一周。 (3)Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend? 你安排好了周末与马克会面吗?

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for the meeting to be put off

for a

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.supply v.to provide sb./sth. with sth. that they need or want, especially in large quantities 提供;供给;n.an amount of sth. that is provided or available to be used 供 应量;供给量;补给 supply sth. to/for sb.=supply sb. with sth.向某人提供某 物 provide sth. for sb.=provide sb. with sth.提供某物给某 人 in short supply 供应不足

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)People also realized that the supply of coal and gas would not last forever. (2011· 安徽,阅读 B) 人们还意识到煤和天然气的供应不会持续长久。 (2)The school supplies books

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to/for

children for free.

学校免费给孩子们提供书本。 (3)Local schools supply many volunteers. 许多志愿者来自当地学校。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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3. bury v. place a dead body in a grave 埋葬; to 掩藏; put to sth. deeply into sth. else 使陷入;把??插入(某物) bury one’s face in one’s hands 双手掩面 bury oneself in 埋头于,专心于 be buried in 专心于

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)The UK, example, running out of areas for burying for is this unnecessary waste. (2)She sat there, buried in thought . 她坐在那儿,陷入了沉思。 (3)Since she left,he has been buried in/has buried himself in his work. 自从她走后,他全心扑在工作上。 (2010· 山东,阅读 B) 比如说英国,就在逐渐用光掩埋这些不必要垃圾的场所。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4.announce v. to tell people sth. officially, especially about a decision, plan, etc.宣布, 宣告; 通知; 声称; tell sb. your to name or sb. else’s name when you or they arrive at a place 宣布(某人)到达;通报??的到来 It is announced that...据称??;据宣布?? announce to sb. sth./that...向某人宣布?? make an announcement 下通知;宣布
注意 announce 后不跟双宾语,即不能说 announce sb. sth., 可以说 announce to sb. sth.。类似不接双宾语的动词还有: explain, say, report, describe, suggest, mention, express 等。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)In a loud and clear voice, the master of ceremonies announced that my class was next. 演。 (2)A government spokesman announced that the hostages had been released. 政府发言人宣布人质已被释放。 (3) It was announced that new speed restrictions would (2010· 山东,完形) 仪式主持人用洪亮和清晰的声音宣布了我们班下一个表

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be introduced.据宣布,将有新的限速规定出台。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

易混辨析

announce, declare 名师指津

一试身手 (1)The school office

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announced that the (1)announce 意为“通
sports meet will be put 知,宣布”,指预告性 off till next Monday. 地宣布或公开宣告。 (2)It was declared by (2)declare 声明,宣布, the government that 指正式宣布,也指当众 these small coal mines 宣布。 will be closed.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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5.harmony n.a state of peaceful existence and agreement 融 洽;和谐;the way in which different notes that are played or sung together combine to make a pleasing sound 和声 in harmony with 和??协调 to sing in harmony 用和声唱 harmonious adj.和谐的;协调的

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)The evidence for harmony may not be obvious in some families. 和谐的证据在一些家庭里可能不太明显。 (2)He had to ensure that there was harmony between the different organizations. 他必须确保不同组织间的友好和睦。 (3)The different parts of the picture form a whole. 画中的各个部分组成了一个和谐的整体。

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harmonious

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 arrange,supply,bury,announce,harmony 1.Man should live in harmony with animals. 2.She buried her face in her hands and wept. 3.The fresh vegetables are in short supply on the island. 4.The government yesterday

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announced

to the media for an

plans to create a million new jobs. 5 . The local newspaper made interview with Professor Stein.

arrangements

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Footsteps

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A

his return. B.declared D.explained

A.announced C.confirmed

解析 announce 在此指“报告或预示??到来”。句意为: 听见脚步声,知道他回来了。declare 一般指在正式场合宣布 官方的立场或态度等;confirm 确认,证实;explain 解释, 均不合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.—I hear that you will be on travel again. —Yeah. My boss A.asked C.sent

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B

for me to discuss business

details with someone from another company. B.arranged D.called

解析 arrange for sb. to do sth.是固定用法,表示“安排某人 做某事”,其他三项均无此用法。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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3.

C

in the newspaper,I didn’t notice what was (2012· 扬州质检) B.Burying D.To be buried

happening. A.Having buried C.Buried

解析 句意为:专心看报,我没注意到发生了什么。buried in the newspaper 为过去分词短语作状语。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4.A pipeline will be built to A.send C.supply

C
B.sell

some eastern provinces

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with natural gas from the west of China. D.offer

解析 由句中 with natural gas 可知, 应用 supply。 若用 offer, 则应为. ..offer some eastern provinces natural gas from the west of China。offer 的搭配为:offer sb. sth. (offer sth. to sb.)向某 人提供某物。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

5.There was once a town in this country where all life seemed to live in A.coincidence C.uniform

B

with its surroundings. B.harmony D.alliance

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解析 句意为:这个国家曾有个小镇,在那里所有的生命都 能与周围环境和谐共存。harmony 意为“和谐;融洽”,短 语 in harmony with = in accordance with, 意为“与??和谐 一致”,符合句意;coincidence 意为“一致,巧合”,多指 在时、 空等方面相同; uniform 作名词时意为“制服; 军服”; alliance 意为“同盟,联合”,指各方面采取一致行动等。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

短语与句式 1.in case 以防;万一(后接从句时,不用 that) in case of 万一??;如果发生?? in this/that case 如果这样/那样 in any case 无论如何;不管怎样 in no case 决不(臵于句首,句子用倒装)

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as

is often the case 这是常有的事

注意 case 意为“情况;情形”时,后面定语从句的关系词 为 where。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)I put it there just now in case you needed it. (2011· 安徽,32) 我刚刚把它放在那里的,以防你需要它。 (2) In no case should you give up. 无论如何你都不能放弃。 (3)Take your raincoat in case
?of rain. ? ? ?it rains. ?

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带着你的雨衣,以防下雨。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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2.in advance 提前,预先

advance v.前进,发展;n.前进;进步
advance on/upon/towards 朝??前进 in advance of 在??前面

advanced adj.高级的;先进的

高频考点·深度探究

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(1)Encouraged by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. 发电农场。 (2)Napoleon’s army (2009· 天津,9) 受科技进步的激励,很多农民在他们的田地上建起了风力

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advanced on/upon/towards

Moscow.拿破仑的军队向莫斯科前进。 (3)Some of our products have reached advanced world level. 我们有些产品达到了世界先进水平。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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语境活用 You’d better learn the (1) advanced (高等的) maths (2) in advance (提前) or you will (3) fall behind (落后).

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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3.look forward to 期待;盼望 get down to (doing) sth.开始认真做某事 be/get used to 习惯于

turn to 求助于

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)I looked forward to the return journey. (2010· 课标全国,阅读 D) 我期待着回归的旅程。 (2)My parents used to live in the country,but now they are

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used to living in town.
我父母过去住在农村,但是现在习惯住在城里。 (3)Isn’t it time that you got down to doing your homework?还没到你做作业的时间吗?

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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思考题:其他“动词+介词 to”的短语还有: refer to参考;

stick to 坚持;lead to导致;add to增加等

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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4.take

?(at) doing ? turns? ?to do sth. ?

sth.? ?

?轮流做某事 ? ?

by

turns 轮流地;时而??时而??

in turn 挨个,依次;反过来 It’s one’s turn to do sth.轮到某人做某事

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars,and this in turn creates further problems. 人们想开自己的车来避免交通耽搁,这反过来却导致了进 一步的问题。 (2)It’s my turn to clean the room. 该轮到我打扫房间了。 (3)You are asked to see our headmaster in turn . 你们被要求依次去见我们的校长。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

易混辨析

in turn,in return 名师指津

一试身手 (1)I’d like to invite you to my home in

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(1)in turn 依次, 轮流; (2)in return 作为回报

return
kind help.

for

your 反过来(承接前文)。

(2)We waited in turn /答谢。 to buy the tickets.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

5.Wish you were here!如果你在这里就好了! 句式提取:wish+从句 wish 后跟宾语从句,意为“但愿??;希望??;?? 就好了”, 往往表示与实际情况相反或表示不太可能实 现的愿望。 wish 后宾语从句中的谓语形式如下: (1)did/were (表示与现在事实相反的愿望)。 (2)had done/been (表示与过去事实相反的愿望)。? (3)would/could/might/should+动词原形(表示与将来事 实相反的愿望)。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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(1)I wish they weren’t always late. 我希望他们不要总是晚。 (2)I wish (that) you

(2011· 北京,28)

wouldn’t smoke any longer.

我真希望你再也不要吸烟了。 (3)She wished she had been at home. 她希望她当时要是在家就好了。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

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6.We’ll live with the local people in their villages,and eat and drink whatever they do,including cow’s blood!我 们要跟当地的居民一起住在他们的村落里,不管他们吃 什么、喝什么,我们也一起吃、一起喝,包括牛血! 句式提取:...whatever...

高频考点·深度探究
(1)whatever 的用法:

Unit 2

①作连接代词, 引导让步状语从句, 在从句中作主语或宾语, 其含义相当于 no matter what,意为“无论,不管”,其位 臵可在主句前,也可在主句后。 ②作连接代词,引导名词性从句(宾语从句或主语从句),可 看作是 what 的强调说法, 其含义相当于 anything that 或 all that。whatever 在句中起双重作用,即起引导词的作用,又 在从句中作主语、宾语等。 ③作形容词,意为“无论什么样的;无论哪一种的”,作定 语,意思是“任何??的”,可视为 what 的强调说法。 (2)除 whatever 外, 其他疑问词如 when, where, which, how, who 均可加上ever,引导让步状语从句。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)They will send kids to college whatever it takes,even if that means a huge amount of debt. 大量的负债。 (2)Whatever reason you have , you should carry out a promise. 无论你有什么理由,你都应该遵守诺言。 (3)You can choose (2011· 山东,阅读 C) 无论需要什么,他们都将把孩子送往大学,即使那意味着

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whatever you like

in the shop.

你可以在商店中选择任何你喜欢的东西。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

7. During the day, we’ll walk across the land, following the tracks of wildlife such as elephants,lions and giraffes.白 天,我们将穿行于陆地,追寻大象、狮子和长颈鹿之类的 野生动物的足迹。 句式提取:现在分词短语作伴随状语 现在分词短语作伴随状语,表示伴随情况,没有相当的 状语从句,汉译时一般译成并列复合句。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

(1)Do you wake up every morning feeling energetic and ready to start a new day? 吗? (2)The children ran out of the room, laughing and talking merrily. 孩子们跑出教室,欢快地谈笑着。 (3)He made the boy sit there,promising they would not hurt him. 他让那个男孩坐在那儿,保证他们不会伤害他。 (2011· 湖南, 29) 你每天早晨醒来都感到精力充沛并准备好开始新的一天

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 in case of,in advance of,look forward to,take turns 1.When I was a child,I was always looking forward to the coming of the Spring Festival. 2.If friends can take turns to listen to each other well, life will be better. 3. always put some money in my pocket in case of I 4.His ideas were in advance of his times. need.

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.不管他做什么,父母都支持他。

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Whatever he did ,his parents supported him.
2.律师全神贯注地听着,尽量不漏掉任何一个要点。 The lawyer listened with full attention, trying not to miss

any point .
3.但愿我能知道要发生什么事。 I wish I knew what was going to happen .

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.A clean environment can help the city bid for the Asian Games, which development. A.in nature C.in turn B.in return D.in fact

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C

will promote its economic

解析 该处意为:这反过来会促进它的经济发展。in turn 反 过来,符合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

2.

D

tomorrow,our ship will set sail for Macao.

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A.However the weather is like B.However is the weather like C.Whatever is the weather like D.Whatever the weather is like
解析 考查 whatever 引导让步状语从句。 whatever=no matter what 修饰名词 weather。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

3. How I wish I mum! A.shut C.had shut
解析

C

my mouth before I shouted at my (2011· 盐城月考) B.have shut D.would shut

由句意可知,此处应表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语

气,故用过去完成时形式。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

4.

C

is known to all, China will be an

and

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powerful country in 20 or 30 years or so.(2011· 宿州质检) A.That;advancing B.This;advanced C.As;advanced D.It;advancing
解析 as 引导非限制性定语从句,指代后面全句内容,本身 充当主语;“先进的”国家,用形容词 advanced 修饰。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

5.I’m going to Beijing during the summer holidays,and I’m

C

to seeing all of you there very much. B.eager D.anxious

A.wanting C.looking forward

解析 由 look forward to doing sth.可知。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

6.—I’m afraid Mr.Wood can’t see you until 4 o’clock. —Oh,

C

,I won’t wait. B.after all D.in this way

A.no doubt C.in that case
如果那样。

解析 下句意为:——噢,如果那样,我不等了。in that case

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

7. sister, inexperienced rider, found sitting on the My an was bicycle C.to try

B

to balance it. B.trying D.tried

A.having tried

解析 现在分词短语作伴随状语, 由于和 sit 同时发生, 所以 选 B 项。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

写作提升〃步步为赢
如何写发言稿 发言稿是参加会议者为了在会上表达自己的意见、看 法、学习心得或汇报工作情况而事先准备的文稿。包括开幕 词、闭幕词、欢迎词、欢送词、告别词等。 一、篇章结构 称呼语→正文→结束语 二、必背套语 1 . 称 呼 语 有 : Dear friends/Dear fellow students/Good morning, ladies and gentlemen/Good afternoon everyone 等。其后用逗号。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

2.有时在称呼语后用一句客套语过渡。如: It is a great honor for me to give my speech here today. 今天我很荣幸站在这里发表演讲。 3.有时开门见山直奔主题。如: Welcome to our school.Now please allow me to introduce you to some of our school rules here. 欢迎你们来到我们学校,请让我向你们介绍一下我校的一 些规章制度。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

The topic of my speech today is “Thoughts on environment”. 我今天演讲的主题是“关于环境的思考”。 Welcome to this year’s English speech competition.I’m Liu Jun.I feel greatly honored to host the contest,which is sponsored by the Students’ Union. 欢迎来参加今年的英语演讲比赛,我是刘俊,非常荣幸主 持由学生会发起的这次比赛。 4.列举讲话要点。常用 first of all,secondly,finally 等。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

5.有时会加上一句总结性的话。如: I hope that the friendship between you and us will exist forever. 我希望你和我们之间的友谊永存。 In a word,good listening can really enable you to get closer to each other. 总之,好的倾听会让你们能够彼此靠近。 Only in this way can we become good listeners. 只有这样,我们才可以成为良好的倾听者。 6.结束语有:That’s all./Thank you (for your listening)!

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

三、范文欣赏:发言稿——介绍英语学习的情况和对英语教 学的建议 Dear teachers and schoolmates, It’s a great pleasure for me to be here today and share my experience of learning English with you.I’m interested in English and hope to be an interpreter in the future.Naturally it’s very important for me to learn English well.As everybody knows , vocabulary is an important part of language,just like bricks in a building.I usually memorize twenty new words a day and put them to

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 2

use whenever possible.After class, I often watch English programs on TV and listen to English programs on the radio.Besides,I’ve learned a lot from the Internet and other sources. Now,I’d like to make some suggestions on English teaching and learning in our school.Firstly,we should be given more opportunities to use what we’ve learned in order to have a better grasp of it.Secondly,I hope our teachers can recommend more interesting books and magazines and give us more free time to read them.Finally,I suggest we have more English activities,such as English contests and festivals. Thank you for listening.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

语篇图解〃答题策略
完形专项提升(三) 跨文化交际阅读法 (2011· 江苏) A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large,tempting(诱人的) apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence.The boy wasn’t much of a fruiteater, 36 a bar of chocolate if given the choice, 36.A.preferring B.offering C.receiving D.allowing
解析 这个男孩不太喜欢吃水果,如果让他选择的话,他更喜 欢一块巧克力,但是正如人们说的,越是得不到的东西越想得 到。prefer 更喜欢,符合句意。offer 提供;出价;receive 收到; allow 允许。 答案 A

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语篇图解·答题策略
37

Unit 2

, as they say , the forbidden fruit can be 38 he felt and the more he wanted that

tempting.Seeing the apple,the boy wanted it.The more he looked at it,the apple.
37.A.so
答案 C

本 课 栏 目 开 关

B.then

C.but

D.or

解析 由 36 小题的解析可知,此处为转折关系,故选 but。
38.A.sadder B.angrier C.hungrier D.tastier

解析 他想摘到苹果,所以越看它就感到越想吃并且越想摘。 此处表示人的一种心理作用。sad 悲伤的; angry 生气的; hungry 饿的;想吃的;tasty 可口的。 答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

He stood on tiptoe(脚尖), 39 as high as he could, but even at his tallest 40 he was unable to touch it. 39.A.expanding B.stretching C.swinging D.pulling

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析

他踮起脚尖,尽可能高地伸展腰身,但是甚至腰身拉

长到最高高度时他还是够不着。expand 膨胀,扩大;stretch 拉长,伸展,伸长;swing 摆动,摇荡;pull 拖,拉,拽。
答案 B 40.A.strength

B.length

C.range

D.height

解析

由 39 小题的解析可知,到了最高高度还是够不着。

strength 力气;优点;length 长度;range 山脉;范围。height 高度,符合句意。 答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略
He began to 41

Unit 2

up and down,as high as he could,at the

42

of each j p st chi hi arm s to get the apple.Still it remained out um ret ng s of 43 . 41.A.jump B.look C.walk D.glance 解析 由于够不着,所以只得尽可能高地往上跳。jump 跳, 蹦;look 看;walk 走路;glance 瞥。由语境知选 jump。
答案 A 42.A.tip B.stage C.top D.level 解析 伸出胳膊去够苹果的话,最佳时机是跳得最高的时候, 故选 top“顶端”。at the top of...为固定短语,意为“在?? 的顶端”。tip 尖,端;stage 时期,阶段;舞台;level 水平, 水准。 答案 C 43.A.hope B.hand C.sight D.reach 解析 努力了,但仍然够不着苹果。out of reach 够不着,符 合文义。 答案 D

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Not giving up, thought,if only he had something to 44 he on.His school bag wouldn’t give enough height and he didn’t want to 45 the things inside,like his lunch box, 44.A.put B.stand C.get D.hold
解析 由于够不着苹果,小男孩希望有什么东西可以站上去 (以增加高度)。由语境知只有 stand 合适。
答案 B

45.A.break B.shake C.take D.strike 解析 他不想踩在书包上。一方面因为书包不够高,另一方 面也是因为他不想弄坏里面的东西。break 弄坏,弄碎;shake 摇晃,颤抖,哆嗦;take 带走;strike 打;袭击;敲响;罢工。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

pencil case,and Gameboy.Looking 46 ,he hoped he might find an old box, rock, a or 47 luck, even a ladder, but it was a tidy neighbourhood and there was nothing he could use. 46.A.up B.forward C.down D.around
解析 要想找到可踩在上面的东西应该是环顾四周,故选 around。 答案 D

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47.A.for

B.with

C.on

D.of

解析 他希望能幸运地找到一架梯子。with luck 为固定搭配, 意为“幸运地,有幸”。 答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

He had tried everything he could think to do. 48 seeing any other choices,he gave up and started to walk 49 . 48.A.After B.Through C.Without D.Upon
解析 没有看见任何可踩的东西,他放弃了,要离开。由句 意可知选 without。 答案 C

49.A.back

B.away

C.up

D.down

解析 由 48 小题的解析知选 away。walk back 走回去;walk away 走开;walk up 向上走;walk down 向下走。 答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

At first he felt angry and disappointed thinking about how hungry he had become from his wanted that apple.The more he unhappy he became. 50.A.wishes B.beliefs 50 51 ,and how he really like this,the more
D.goals

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C.efforts

解析 因白折腾了一阵而饿了,又是那么想摘到苹果,一想 起这些,开始的时候他很生气,也很失望。由语境可知只有 efforts(努力)符合文义。wish 希望;belief 信念,信仰;goal 目标。
答案 C

51.A.thought

B.imagined

C.tried

D.claimed

解析 他越这样想就越不高兴。 think 想; imagine 想象, 设想; try 努力;尝试;claim 声明;认领。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

52 ,the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn’t always get what he wanted.He started to say to himself,“This isn’t 53 .I don’t have the apple and 52. A.Therefore B. However C. Moreover D. Otherwise
解析 虽然很生气,但小男孩却做了反思。故事叙述至此进 行了转折,此处应填表示转折关系的词,故选 however。 therefore 因此; however 但是; moreover 此外, 而且; otherwise 否则,要不然。
答案 B

53.A.skilful

B.cheerful

C.harmful

D.helpful

解析 俗话说:牛奶撒了,哭也无用。生气是无济于事的。 skilful 熟练的,技术好的;cheerful 兴高采烈的;harmful 有害 的;helpful 有帮助的。
答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

I’m feeling miserable as well.There’s 54

more I can

本 课 栏 目 开 关

do to get the apple—that is unchangeable—but we are supposed to be able to 55 our feelings.If that’s the case,what can I do to feel better?” 54.A.something B.anything C.everything D.nothing
解析 没有什么方法可以摘到苹果了,这已是不变的事实。 不过我们应该能够改变自己内心的感受(即别去生气了)。由此 知选 nothing。
答案 D

55.A.change

B.express

C.forget

D.describe

解析 由 54 题的解析可知选 change(改变)。 express 表达; forget 忘记;describe 描述。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

应试策略 多阅读、多了解、多积累 完形填空题有时涉及说英语的国家的历史文化、风土人 情、传统习俗、生活方式、文学艺术、行为规范、价值观念 等。因此考生平时要进行广泛的阅读,要理解英语中常见成 语及其文化内涵;要了解说英语的国家的政治、经济等方面 的情况;要了解说英语的国家的文学家、艺术家、科学家的 经历、成就和贡献及主要宗教传统;还要了解说英语的国家 与中国的生活方式的异同。此外,考生还可以通过欣赏电影 了解西方文化,扩大知识面。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

做题时,考生若能积极地调动自己所掌握的文化背景知 识,并巧妙地加以运用,将会大大简化复杂的分析与判断过 程, 顺利地沿着作者的思路阅读下去。 当对语言把握不准时, 可充分利用社会文化知识来帮助判断。 典例 I will never forget the year I was about twelve years old.My mother told us that we would not be 21 Christmas gifts because there was not enough money.I felt sad and thought,“What would I say when the other kids asked what I’d 22(got)?” Just when I started to...

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 2

本 课 栏 目 开 关

21.A.sending C.making
得分点

B.receiving D.exchanging

21.B。由上文“I was about twelve years old”可

知,那时候“我”还是小孩子,按照西方圣诞节习俗, 圣诞节来临,小孩子应该都会收到礼物,再结合下文“I felt sad”可以推知,母亲告诉我们因为没有钱我们将收 不到圣诞礼物,故用 receiving。


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