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NES初中Book V 第一模块复习


NES 初中 Book V 第一模块复习
一、Words and expressions. 1. wonder [?w?nd?] n. 奇迹 v. 想知道;对??好奇 wonderful adj. 绝妙 的 strange [stre?nd?] adj. 奇怪的 stranger [?stre?nd??] n. 陌生 人 wonder n. 奇迹 fantastic [

f?n?t?st?k] adj. 奇异的 The Grand Canyon is the greatest wonder of the natural world. 大峡谷是自然世界最伟大的奇观。 The Great Wall in China is one of the greatest wonders in the world. 中国长城是世界最伟大奇观之一。 The pyramid in Egpt is one of the greatest wonders in the world. 埃及金字塔是世界最伟大奇观之一。 wonder v. 想知道 (want to know) I wonder where you are from , how old you are and what you will do . 我想知道你是哪里人、多大年纪、将干什么事。 I was wondering where to spend Mid-autumn Festival. 我想知道在哪里度中秋。 wonderful adj. 绝妙的,令人惊奇的 There are many wonderful sights in China. 中国有许多令人惊奇的景观。 strange adj 奇怪的 Alice fell down a rabbit hole and went into their strange world. 爱丽丝掉下兔子洞, 进入了奇异世界。 fantastic adj. 奇异的 She dreamed a fantastic dream last night. 昨晚他做了个奇异的梦。

1) 2) 3)

4) 5)

6) 7)

8)

ancient [?e?n??nt] adj. 远古的,古老的 2、 old [?uld] adj. 老的,旧的 modern [?m?d?n] adj. 现代的,时髦的 ancient adj. 远古的,古老的 1) Xi?an is an ancient city. 西安是座古城。 2) Beijing is a modern city as well as an ancient city. 北京既是一座古城,同时又是一座现代化城市。 3) My uncle studies ancient Chinese. 我的叔叔研究古代汉语。 old adj. 旧的,老的 4) I can?t throw away my old clothes. 我不能丢掉旧衣服。 5) The old house needs mending. 这座旧房需要修理了。 用词填空。 1、用 wonder, strange , fantastic 的适当形式填空。 1) The Great Pyramid at Giza is one of the greatest ancient
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in the world. 2) Computer can work . 3) Edison often asked his teacher some questions. 4) There are many sights in Hangzhow. 5) The boy how many stars there are in the sky. 6) The girl has thought of a idea. 2、用 ancient, old, modern 填空。 1) Empire State Building with 102 floors in New York is one of the Greatest wonders in the world. 2) My aunt is studying the Chinese history. 3) Loyang is an city in China. 4) There is an Chinese fable (寓言)called “The Foolish old Man Who Removed the Mountains.” 5) Nanjing is not only an city, but also a city. 6) USA is a developed country. 7) Shanghai is a city in China. 8) That tradition is forty centuries . 9) This scientist cares for the development of science in our comtry. 10) Many buildings are in China. review [r??vju:] n. 评论 3、 review v. 复习 interview v & n. 采访,接见 do some reviews 做些评论 review our lessons 复习我们的功课 do an interview 作一次采访

1) He is going to review a new novel. 他将要给一部新小说写书评。 2) The musician is going to do some music reviews. 这位音乐家要作些音乐评论。 3) We should often review our lessons. 我们应该常复习功课。 4) I?ll do some interview with Becky Wang. 我要采访贝基·王。 5) I thank you very much for this interview. 非常感谢你的这次接见。 listen up 请注意 4、 listen to v. 注意听 hear [h??] v. heard [h?:d] — hear [h?:d] sound [saund] v. 听起来(系动词)

v.

听到

listen up 请注意,相当于 Attention. listen to 意为 “注意听” 表示有意识地去听,但不一定听见什么,强调“听” , 这个动作,如: 1) They are listening to the radio. 他们正在收听收音机。 2) I enjoy listening to the classical music. 我喜欢听古典音乐。 hear 意为“听到”“听见”表示耳朵里听到了,不一定有意识地去听,强 、
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调“听”的结果,如: 3) I often hear the bird sing in the trees. 我常听到鸟儿在树上唱歌。 4) I am sorry to hear the bad news. 听到那个坏消息我很难过。 sound v. “听起来”“听上去”可做系动词,后接形容词作表语。 、 5) The music sounds sweet. 这音乐听起来很悦耳。 6) The classical music sounds wonderful. 这古典乐曲听上去极美妙。 根据所给汉语,完成句子。 1) 他打算对总统进行一次采访。 He is going to with the president. 2) 我对贝基·王已经作了一次采访。 I have with Becky Wang. 3) 他们正在为考试复习功课。 They their lessons for the exam. 4) 这位音乐家将写些音乐评论。 This musician will write . 5) 这个学生要求校长接见。 The student asked for with the headtacher. 6) 我注意听,但什么没听到。 I listened but could nothing. 7) 大明常常听摇滚乐。 Da Ming often rock music. 8) 听起来像鸟儿在唱。 It like singing of birds. 9) 她听到了有人叫她名字。 She somebody her name. 10) 这古典乐曲悦耳动听。 The classical music beautiful and . 5、 reply [r??pla?] v. 回答 n. answer [?a:ns?] v. 回答,答复 答复,回答 n. 回答,请求

answer 属普通用语,使用范围广泛,指对问题、问候、请求、信件、电话 的口头或书面回答,可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词。 1) I have answered his letter. 我已经给他回了信。 2) She answered that she knew nothing about it. 她回答说,她对此一无所知。 reply 的用法比 answer 正式些,作“答复”解时,与 answer 基本相同, 但它一般作不及物动词,如:reply to sb ,reply to sth. 3) Have you replied his letter? 你给他回信了吗? 4) I tried to reply to him. 我尽力给他答复。

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6、 look over 从??上面看,检查,查看 1) We must look over the room. 我们必须查看房间。 2) The doctor looked him over carefully and said nothing serious. 医生仔细地给他作了检查, 说不严重。 3) I looked carefully over them,but it was still too dark to see anything. 我仔细地在岩石上看了看,但是仍然太黑,而什么也看不见。 相关的词有 look after , look for, look forward to , look into, look like , look up 查阅(字典、资料) , look out , look through 浏览。 用词填空。 1、用 answer ,reply 的适当形式填空。 1) ? Can you my questions ? ? Certainly. 2) The phone is ringing, Please it. 3) I called you last night , but there was no . Were you out? 4) She can give you a quick . 5) The student to my questions with a smile. 6) No matter who writes to us , we must him as soon as possible. 2、用 look 构成的词组填空。 1) She her sick mother in the hospital these days. 2) My dog is lost . I for it , but I haven?t found it. 3) We are to the opening of the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008. 4) If you can?t catch the meaning of a word , you may it in the dictionary. 5) Lucy nearly Lily . 6) The policemen the traffic accident busily. 7) My father the newspaper every day. 8) here is coming the bus. at the bottom of 7、 at (on) the top of 1) 在??的底部 在??的顶端 at the foot of on the edge of 在??的脚下 在??的边缘

If you put the three tallest buildings in the word at the bottom of the Canyon, they still won?t reach the top.
如果把世界上最高的三座楼放到大峡谷的底部,他们仍然无法到达顶端。

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

The apples at the bottom of the basket are smaller. 篮子底部的苹果较小。 He was at the bottom of the class. 他是班里最后一名。 There is a small village at the foot of the mountain. 山脚下有一个小村庄。 The top of the mountain is covered with snow. 山顶上复盖着雪。 She is the top of the class. 他是班里第一名。 I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon . one of the wonders of the natural world.
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我站在大峡谷的边缘,世界自然奇观之一。 clear [kl??] v. (云)散开; 打扫干净 8、 clean [kli:n] vt. adj. 打扫,弄干净

adj. adj.

清晰的,明白的 清洁的,干净的

1) 2) 3)

4) 5)

clear v. (云)散开; 打扫干净 After the storm ,the sky cleared . 风暴过后,天晴朗了。 Suddenly the clouds cleared and the rain stopped. 突然,云散开了,雨停了。 The school has decided to clear out all classrooms and labs these days. 学校决定这几天对所有教室、实验室进行大扫除。 clear adj. 清晰的,明白的 They have been clear about the cause (原因)of the accident. 事故原因他们已经清楚。 The teacher made him clear about the problem. 教师使他对问题清楚了。

clean v. 打扫 6) The classroom must be cleaned every day. 教室必须每天打扫。 clean adj. 干净的 7) We must keep our school clean. 我们必须保持学校干净。 根据所给汉语,完成句子。 1) 山脚下,有条河。 There is a river . 2) 山顶上有棵巨松。 There is a huge pine tree on . 3) 篮底下,有几个蕃茄。 There are some tomatoes . 4) 这座山山顶终年积雪。 The is covered with snow all year round. 5) 惠州是全国优秀旅游城市之一。 Huizhow is one of tourist cities in China. 6) 他是我校的尖子生。 He is of our school. 7) 公路边长野草。 Wild grass grew along 8) 刮大风了,天很快晴朗。 There is a strong wind. The sky 9) 你一定要弄清真相。 You must make the truth 10) 要把整个事故弄清楚并不易。 of . . .

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It is not easy to make the whole accident 11) 你们要天天打扫教室。 You must 12) 你要保持衣服整洁。 You must every day. your clothes n. n. n. n. 长度 高度 深度 宽度

.

and tidy.

9、

long adj. 长的 length [le??] high adj. 高的 height [ha?t] deep adj. 深的 depth [dep?] wide adj. 宽的 width [wid?] distance [?d?st?ns] n. 距离

1) The Changjiang River is 6300 kilometres long. 长江 6300 公里长。 The Changjiang River is 6300 kilometres in length. 2) Mount Himalaya is 8844.43 metres high. (in height) 3) The lake is 30 metres deep. (in depth) 4) The river is 500 metres wide. (in width) 5) How far is it from the earth to the moon ? 地球离月球有多远? What?s the distance between the earth and the moon ? 地球和月球之间有多大距离? 用所给汉语,完成句子。 1) 这个房间 5 米长,4 米宽。 The room is five metres 2) 我身高一米七 0 公分。 I am 170cm 3) 海最深之处有一万一千米。 The deepest place of the sea is 11000 metres . . 4) 黄河有 5464 公里长。 The Huanghe River is 5464 kilometres 5) 惠州离广州 160 公里。 It is 160 kilometres far form Huizhow to Guangzhow. The distance between Huizhow and Guangzhow is 160 kilometres. 10、 big
大的 great adj. 大的,伟大的
adj.

and four metres . I am 170cm .

.

large adj. huge [hju:d?]

adj.

巨大的

big— (small) little (反义词) 一般表示尺寸,体积等“大的” ,通常用于表示有形“东西的大” 。 1) This pair of shoes is neither too big nor too small for me to wear.

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2) 3) 4)

5) 6) 7)

8) 9) 10)

这双鞋给我穿不大也不小。 He is a big boy now. 他现在是个大小子了。 large — small(反义词)一般形容面积、范围比较大,也可表示数量之大。 Russia is the largest country in the world. 俄罗斯是世界上最大的国家。 (幅员辽阔) This room is twenty square metres large. 这个房间二十平方大。 great 意思是“伟大的”“大的” 、 ,可指数量、程度的大,也可指精神的伟 大,人格的“伟大” 。 China is a great country with a long history. 中国是个具有悠久历史的伟大国家。 Lu Xun was the greatest writer in modern China. 鲁迅是当代中国最伟大的作家。 The Great Hall of the People was built in 1957 . 人民大会堂建于一九五七年。 huge 意思是“巨大的”“庞大的” 、 ,一般指体积超大,超过一般标准。 The whale is a huge animal in sea. 鲸鱼是海中巨大的动物。 The dinonaur was once a huge animal on land. 恐龙曾经是陆上的巨兽。 The huge rock on the top of the mountain looks like an elephant. 山顶上的岩石看似一头大象。 The elephant is a Edison was a Taiwan is the The sun is much China is the third Canada is a little Empire State Building in New York is a The cow is usually than the pig. animal on land. Party. inventor. island in China. than the moon. country in the world. than USA. building.

用 huge ,big, large, great 的适当形式填空。 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

The Chinese Communist Party is a

The woman is 100 kilos in weight and 180cm in height. She is tall and .

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