English around the world
SectionⅡ Learning about Language
Ⅰ.把下列直接引语变成间接引语 1．“Don't play games in the classroom, ” the monitor said to us. →The moni
tor ________ us ________ ________ play games in the classroom. 2．“Come at five o'clock，”she said to him. →She________ him ________ come at five o'clock. 3．“Give me another piece of cake, please. ”he said to her. →He ________ her ________ give him another piece of cake. 4．“Let me stay up a little longer tonight, mother.” he begged. →He ________ his mother ________ let him stay up a little longer that night. 5．The teacher said, “You should keep on doing it.” →The teacher suggested I ________ ________ on 6．Mother said to her daughter, “Hurry up！” →Mother ________ her daughter ________ hurry up. 7．“Let's have supper now. ”he said. →He ________ us to have supper ________. 8．He said, “Happy birthday.” →He ________ me a happy birthday. 9．Mary said to Tom, “Please remember to answer that letter as soon as possible.” →Mary ________ Tom ________ remember to answer that letter as soon as possible. 10．“Don't swim too far，” I said to the boys. →I ________ the boys ________ to swim too far. 答案：1.told; not to 2.told; to 3.asked; to 7.ordered; then 8.wished Ⅱ.语法填空 1．The boss ordered the workers ________(finish) it in three days. 答案：to finish 句意：老板命令工人三天内完成它。order sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事。 2．He regretted ________ silly mistakes he had made. 答案：what 考查直接引语变间接引语的用法。直接引语是 what 引导的感叹句，变为 9.asked; to 4.begged; to 5.should keep 6.ordered; to doing it.
间接引语后还是由 what 引导。 3．—What did the teacher say? —He told me not________(late) again. 答案：to be late sb.not to do sth.结构。 4．The teacher requested us not________ so much noise. 答案：to make 考查直接引语变间接引语的用法。句意：老师请求我们不要制造那么 考查直接引语变间接引语的用法。“告诉某人不要做某事”要用 tell
大的噪音。request sb.not to do sth.请求某人不要做某事。 5．My mother asked me to show my homework to her. →My mother said to me，“Show ________ homework.” 答案：me your 考查祈使句间接引语变为直接引语时人称的变化。句意：妈妈让我把
我的作业给她看一下。 6．Our teacher asked us not________(swim) in deep water. 答案：to swim ask 之后可以接含有不定式的复合宾语，把该句变成直接引语即：Our teacher said to us, “Don't swim in deep water.”。 7．The army officer commanded his men ________(fire) as soon as the enemies came up. 答案： to fire 句意： 军官命令他的手下等敌人一靠近就开火。 command sb. to do sth. 命 令某人做某事。 8．The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ________. 答案：not to 由语境可推出后半句直接引语为：but his mother said to him, “Don't ride
your bicycle in the street.”因此改为间接引语时应为：but his mother told him not to ride his bicycle in the street，为了避免重复，只保留不定式符号 to。 9．Mrs. Smith warned her daughter never________(drive) after drinking. 答案：to drive 句意：史密斯夫人警告她女儿决不要酒后驾车。warn sb. never to do sth.
警告某人决不要做某事。 10．Mary, ________(come) here; everybody else, stay where you are. 答案：come 词原形。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 One of the school days that I remember is my first day of school. Being a first grader seemed exciting to me then, and I really was happy. I was to study in an allgirls school. My mother took me to the front door of the classroom and left. I didn't mind because I didn't want to appear too childish. The classroom fitted about forty students with still some room to spare. We sat in groups, six tables per group. I chose a seat and sat there while waiting for other girls to arrive. It didn't take
that long and the other tables were soon full. There wasn't much chatting going on, and it seemed my classmates were very shy. After all, it was a truly new environment for us. The girls in my group were also shy and most of them were looking down. Finally, a girl sitting in front of me broke the silence—she introduced herself as Amanda. She then burst_out speaking about her family. The four other girls paid attention to what she said with an occasional (偶尔的) nod sometimes. I lost what she said a few minutes after that. The next thing I knew was that she was already talking about her cat. “Do you know its name？” she asked me. I was a little surprised at the sudden question. I thought about it for a while, and then finally answered. “I don't know. It could be anything. ”The question was repeated to the other girls but with the same result. Amanda smiled proudly, happy that nobody could guess her cat's name. “Its name is Coco, a female (雌性的) cat. Oh, I almost forget—what are your names？” 文章大意：开学的第一天，大家都羞怯地不说话，只有一个开朗的女孩滔滔不绝地讲着 她的故事。 1．How did the writer feel on the first day of school? A．Bored. C．Surprised. B．Excited. D．Disappointed.
答案： B 细节理解题。 从文章第一段中“Being a first grader seemed exciting to me then， and I really was happy”可知，作者在开学的第一天是很激动的。 2．Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? A．The writer went to school by herself on the first day. B．The classroom was crowded with forty students in side. C．The writer had waited a long time before the other students took their seats. D．The writer didn't pay much attention to what Amanda said. 答案：D 推理判断题。由第一段中“My mother took me to the front door of the classroom and left”可知，作者是在妈妈的陪同下去了学校，排除 A；由第二段的开头可知，教室里虽 有 40 个学生就座， 但还有空间， 并不拥挤， 排除 B； 由第二段中“It didn't take that long and the other tables were soon full”可知，另外的桌子旁很快就坐满了学生，排除 C；由第三段开头可 知，作者没有专心听 Amanda 说话。所以 D 项正确。 3．The students didn't talk much to each other at first because ________. A．they were asked to keep silent B．they didn't know what to begin with C．they seemed to be too shy to speak D．they didn't like their new school 答案：C 细节理解题。由第二段中“it seemed like my classmates were very shy”可知，学
生们相互之间交谈不多是因为她们很害羞。 4．The underlined phrase “burst out” in Paragraph 2 means“________”． A．suddenly began C．imagined B．angrily stopped D．avoided
答案：A 词义猜测题。根据下句“The four other girls paid attention to what she said with an occasional nod sometimes.”可知，此句应意为：Amanda 开始谈论起她的家庭。故 burst out 的意思为“突然开始??”。 Ⅳ.七选五 (2014· 沈阳市实验中学北校高一月考) It is easy for some people to learn a second language. However, others have difficulty in learning a new language. What can you do to help yourself learn a second language, such as English？__1__ 1．Feel positive about learning English. __2__ Be patient. You do not have to understand everything all at once. It is natural to make mistakes when you learn something new. We can learn from our mistakes. In other words, do not worry about making mistakes. 2．Practice your English. For example, write a diary every day. You will form a habit of writing it in English, and you will feel comfortable expressing your ideas in English.__3__ In addition, you must speak English every day. You can practice with your classmates outside class. 3．__4__ You can write this in your journal. After each class, think about what you did. Did you answer a question correctly? Did you understand something the teacher explained? Perhaps the lesson was difficult, but you tried to understand it. You must be positive about learning English and believe that you can do it. It is important to practice every day and make a record of your achievements.__5__ A．Go over the points you have learned. B．Keep a record of your language learning. C．Don't give up when you meet some difficulty. D．If you believe that you can learn, you will learn. E．Several weeks later, you will see that your writing is improving. F．In these ways，you will enjoy learning English, and you will feel more confident in yourself. G．There are several ways to make learning English a little easier and more interesting. 答案：1－5 GDEBF Ⅴ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was our English teacher's birthday yesterday. Though English is a hard subject, but I like my English teacher a lot, and so are my classmates. She is nice to us and always tells us stories of the days when she was in her twenty. Sometimes she even stayed in school to help students make up their lessons. She always encourages us and tells us do our best. We are gratefully to her, so that day we bought him a cake and a gift. We even made a big card for her, on it we wrote all our names. Seeing these, she was moving and had a big smile in her face. 答案： It was our English teacher's birthday yesterday. Though English is a hard subject, but ＼ I like my English teacher a lot, and so are my classmates. She is nice to us and always tells us stories of do the days when she was in her twenty . Sometimes she even stayed in school to help students twenties stays make up their lessons. She always encourages us and tells us ∧do our best. We are gratefully to to grateful her, so that day we bought him a cake and a gift. We even made a big card for her, on it we her which wrote all our names. Seeing these, she was moving and had a big smile in her face. moved on