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Attributive clauses 定语从句


Attributive clauses 定语从句
一.语法讲解 1.
定义:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句. 6.

(4)当关系词离先行词较远时 从句中动词的数 1)关系代词作从句的主语时,从句中谓语动的人称和 数要与先行词保持一致;先行词是句子时,从句的谓语 动词用第三人称单数形式。如: a. The recorder that has been given to me is home-made. b. I, who am your classmate, will share the work with you. 2) “one of +复数名词”位于关系代词前作先行词时, 从 句的动词通常要用复数; 当 one 前有 the (only), the (very) 等修饰时,从句的谓语动词要用单数。如: a. He is one of the students who have made great progress. b. Mr Wang is the only one of my friends who has been invited to have dinner with us. 7. 介词+关系代词 (如何判断介词) 1) 根据从句中的动词搭配 This is the book ___ which you asked. (注意:动词短语不能拆,即介词不提前) 我照顾的那个老人好多了。 The old man after whom I am looking is better. The old man whom I am looking after is better. 2) 根据从句中的形容词搭配 He told me some reference books ____ which I am not very familiar. 3) 根据先行词与介词搭配 This is our classroom, in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk. 1. The song, ________ we are interested will be broadcast tonight. 2. He is the hero ________ we are proud. 3. This is the college ________ we’ll visit a famous actor. 4. The earth ________ we live is a big round ball. 5. I’ll never forget the days _____________ we worked together. 6. I’ll never forget the days __________ we spent together. 7. I went to the place ______________ I worked ten years ago. 8. I went to the place __________ I visited ten years ago. 9. This is the reason _____________ he was late. 10. This is the reason __________ he gave.

先行词:被修饰的名词或代词 关系代词、关系副词:引导定语从句的词 关系代词:Who, whom, whose, which, that 等 关系副词:When, where, why 等

Eg. I’ve included some photos which will help you picture the places I talk about.

2.

限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句

1) 限定性定语从句是句中不可缺少的组成部分,主句和 从句之间不用逗号隔开; 引导词:关系代词和关系副词, 作宾语时一些关系代词可以省略 2) 非限定性定语从句是对主句先行词的补充说明,没有 这种从句不影响主句意思完整.一般用逗号把主句和从句 分开; 引导词: who,whom,whose,which,of which,when,where 等, 不用 that,不能省略 3. 确定关系词的步骤 (1)先找关系词,看先行词指的是什么。 (2)看关系词在从句中所充当的成分。 Eg. I’ll never forget the day when I saw you. I’ll never forget the day that/ which we spent together. 4. 在定语从句 中,当先行词指物时,下列情况的关系词 宜用 t hat 而不用 which (1) 先行词被①形容词最高级 ②序数词 ③数词几 种词修饰或被 ④only、any、few、little、no、all、one of 等修饰时。 (2)先行词为 all、much、little、none、few、one、 something、anything 等不定代词时。 (3)先行词中既有人又有物时。 He was looking pleasantly at te children and parcels that filled his bus. (4) 先行词在主句中作表语关系词在从句中作表语 时。 The village is no longer the one that was 5 years ago. (5)当主句中含 有疑问词 which 时。 Which are the books that you bought for me ? 5. 宜用 which 而不用 that 的情况 (1)在非限制性定语从句中 (2)在关系词前有介词时 (3)当先行词本身是 that 时

二.练习巩固
I. Make sentence by the two simple sentcences 1. Do you know the man? He spoke just now.

2. The girl is from America. I called her just now.

3. I have read the newspaper. It carries the important news.

9. The weather turned out to be very good, ____ was more than we expected. A. what B. which C. that D. it 10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows; most of ____ hadn’t been cleaned for ten years. A. these B. those C. that D. which III. Fill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that. 1.I have a friend ___________ likes listening to the classical music. 2.Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress _____________ I gave her. 3.The man ______ leg broke in a match used to be a good football player. 4.Kate is reading a book ____________ is too difficult for her. 5. The family _____________ I’m staying with lives in town. 6. I know the student ______ article was published. 7. My parents live in a house ____________ is more than 100 years old. 8. Luckily none of the people ______ I know were killed in the earthquake. IV. Choose the best answers 1. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _______ the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which 2. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 3. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What 4. There was ______ time ______ I hated to go to school . A. a; that B. a; when C. the; that D. the ; when 5. There are two buildings, ______ stands nearly a hundred feet high. A. the larger B. the larger of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which 6. What surprised me was not what he said but ______ he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which 7. I like the second football match ____ was held last week.

4. I showed him the letter. I received it this morning.

5. They’re talking about the film. I have seen the film.

6. Jane has borrowed the book. It was written by Laoshe.

7. The girl got first. Her father had given us a report.

8. That is the new machine. The parts of it are too small to see.

II. Choose the best answers 1. This is all ____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether 2. Is there anything else _____ you want? A. which B. that C. who D. what 3. The last place _____ we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it 4. Please take the second chair_______ is over there. A. where B. which C. who D. that 5. Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn? A. that B./ C. which D. it 6. Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police. A. which B. what C. whatever D. that 7. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those ____ in the forest. A. once the grew B. they grew once C. that once grew D. once grew. 8. I don’t like ____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which

A. which B. who C. that D. / 8. I will never forget the day____ we studied together. A. at which B. on that C. at that D. on which 9. I should like to use the same TV set ___ is used in your classroom. A. which B. who C. as D. whose 10. The Second World War ___ millions of people were killed ended in 1945. A. on which B. where C. in that D. during which 11. Who can think of a situation _____ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that 12. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist _____ were in the concert we attended last night. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 13. I have many books, some of ___ are on chemistry. A. Them B. that C. which D. those 14. I don’t like ____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which 15. Can you tell me the name of the factory ___ you visited last week? A. what B. where C. / D. when 16. I can still remember the sitting-room ___ my mother and I used to sit in the evening. A. what B. which C. that D. where 17. It was an exciting moment for these football fans this year, ____ for the first time in years their team won the World Cup. A. that B. while C. which D. when V. Choose the right propnoun. 1. This is the man ___ wants to see you. 2. A clock is a machine _________ tells people the time. 3. I don’t know the reason ____ he was late for the class. 4. He lost my bike, _____ made me unhappy. A birthday is the date ____ one was born. 5. Is there anyone _____ family is in Beijing? 6. He is doing such work __ I am. 7.Do you know the reason __________ no one questioned Aristotle’s theory for about 2,000 years? VI. Translation. 1. 他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。

2. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。

3. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。

4. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。

5. 你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天?

VII. Correct the mistakes. 1. Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from Class Two. 2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before. 4. The weather turned out to be very good, that was out of our expect. 5. I will do all what I can to help you. 6. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. 7. Cathy is the only one of us who have been to America. 8. Is that factory which your father once worked in?



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