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英语校刊2011第二期


英语一角就是我们学习英语的园地, 不管你是即将步入初中生活的小学生还是现在的初 中生,你们不要忘记这就是我们发展的空间,快来吧,它将永远为你们开放。

中考面对面
2010 年中考英语语法试题分析及解题技巧
O杨昌亮

2010 年文山、 保山、 昭通三个地区中考英语单项选择题测试 考点知识分布表:
题号 31

考查知识点 情态动词 说 can’t I’m afraid so The +adj. 比较级, the +adj 比较级. Never give up It’s+adj./ n.for sb. To do sth. Mind doing sth. Though…/ 20 years’ Thanks a lot By +V+ing(通过) I hope so. What a useful book! Pleased, pleasant politely Size, price, space, place Sorry about that Have a good time Have left Either is OK When the Shanghai EXPO was open 明

32 口语交际 33 形容词比较级 34 口语交际 35 固定句型 36 固定搭配 37 关联词 38 名词所有格 39 口语交际 40 介词 41 口语交际 42 感叹句 43 形容词 44 副词 45 名词的区别 46 口语交际 47 口语交际 48 现在完成时 49 口语交际 50 宾语从句

从近几年的中考题考点统计及其分布不难看出, 语法考题有以下
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四个特点: (1)突出对动词的考查。着重考查动词的时态、语态、情态动词、 动词固定词组、以及词组辨析。 (2)重视语境的设置。试卷充分体现了语法服务于语言,形式服 务于内容的原则。绝大多数题都要求考生考虑语境来解题。考生只有 通过上下文呼应,凭借基本知识和常识来综合分析、判断才能选出最 佳的答案。 (3)突出语言的交际性和实用性,题意与学生的生活实际和经历 密切相关。 (4)宾语从句、定语从句、状语从句的考查。主要要求学生掌握 复合句中三个重要的因素-引导词,语序,时态。

解题技巧:
在做语法(单项选择)题时,学生除应具有较扎实的语言基础知 识和善于思考外,掌握下面的解题方法也很有必要: 1. 直接法: 即直接利用相关语法知识,通过题干中的提供的信 息,捕捉解题线索,从而得出正确答案的解题方法,例: --- Will you come to the internet cafe with me? --- Sorry. My mother always tells me______ there. A. not go B. go C. not to go D. to go

根据句意可知此题考查动词不定式的否定形式,即 tell sb.( not ) to do sth.,故此题应选 C。 2. 关键词法: 许多题目中都有关键词(key words)。找到句中的
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关键词,也就找到了解题的突破口,例: He hardly hurt himself in the accident, ______? A. doesn't he B. didn't he C. did he D. does he

该题中 hardly 与 hurt 是起关键词作用的。 凡陈述部分含有 hardly, never, little, few 等否定意义的词时,反意疑问句用肯定形式;而 hurt 一词的过去式与原形相同,此处 hurt 未加 s,应为过去式。因此本 题答案 C 是正确的。 3. 类推法: 如果对题目的备选答案把握性很小, “如果 A 对, 可用 那么 B 也对”的类推法,从而可将 A、B 予以否定,从而缩小选择范 围: 例: --- Who's the man at the door? ---______ . A. He is a doctor C. He is a famous singer B. He is a friend of mine D. He is twenty

仔细分析备选答案就可发现:A、C 选项针对的是“职业”。若 A 是对的,那么 C 也会是对的。D 回答的是年龄。故惟有 B 才是正确 的。 4. 排除法: 根据题干提供的信息,先把一眼就看出的干扰项排 除,缩小选择范围,然后将剩余的选项填入空白处进行检验,辨别真 伪,例: The girl asked the teacher ______.
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A. what does the museum looks like B. what did the museum look like. C. what the museum looks like D. what the museum looked like. 本题主要考查宾语从句中的语序及时态的对应关系。 主句动词是 过去时,从句的谓语动词也应该用过去时,排除 A 和 C。 陈述句语序, 排出 B,所以选 D。 总之,中考复习是一个繁杂的系统工程,要想使复习有效开展, 除掌握基本的复习方法外,还需要根据所教学生实际出发,适时做出 调整,才会使中考复习取得预期效果。

佳文共赏 Humans and Nature
118 班 黄龙粉 指导教师 罗金丽

As we all know, there is only one earth in the world. And there are mountains, plants, animals, water and humans. They are linked each other. So, if we want to live healthily, happily and long enough, we should love our earth, protect everything on the earth and keep the balance of their life. Therefore, we must reduce our bad habits as much as possible. Each life on the earth has a long and wonderful story. In spite of human can control any others in the world, humans can’t live without

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earth. They live on the earth, drink the sweet water, and enjoy the sunshine, the air, the sky and so on. In a word, the human being can’t live without nature. So we should try to keep human and nature in unity. To love nature is to love our mankind. We should love and respect nature, to treat it and protect it well.

Water is very important for us.
118 班 谭天琼 指导教师 罗金丽

Water is very important for us. We must drink water every day. We can’t live without water. Water is around us everywhere. At home, we use water to wash clothes, to cook, to clean our teeth, to have a bath and so on. Water is the source of our lives. It is very important to protect water. But more and more waste water is being poured into rivers. It has caused serious pollution. The river is being so dirty that no living things can live in it. As we all know, there isn’t much water on the earth. We must save it. How to save it? First, we can save it at home. For example: close the water tap after washing hands. Second, don’t wash clothes in the river. Third, plant more trees. At last, we must take action to fight water pollution. It's our duty to keep our water clean. Let's save and take care of water from ourselves.

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Please believe: “To protect water is to protect life”

My
126 班:童发仙

Home
指导教师:尹代梅

Would you like to know something about my home? Now let me tell you. I live in a big farmhouse with my parents in a village There are six bedrooms ,a large living room , a kitchen and a study in it My study is on the left of the dining room In the study , there is a lamp , a mirror,

and some books on the desk .There is a chair near the desk Three bedrooms are on the right of the dining room . Big bedroom is mine. I like it very much. Bathroom is on the left of the yard. There is a small garden in the center of the yard. There are many flowers in it, but there aren’t any trees in it. My pet dog is sleeping in it. I love my home best. Could you tell me something about your home?

Sports Make Life More Wonderful
117 班 陈明健 指导教师 罗金丽

As we all know, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” .That is to say, if we want to keep fit, we should relax ourselves after the hard work. But to do sports is the best way to relax.

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In addition, sports make our life much more wonderful. And I like playing basketball best. First, we could make more friends and learn from each other. Second, it brings the whole body into action. Third, it can let us know the important of team spirit and we will use this spirit in our study. In a word, sports will make our life much more wonderful.

American students’ school life
125 班 黄洪梅 指导教师 尹代梅

In the U.S.A, many students usually take the yellow bus or walk to school, but very few students ride bikes. They have four classes in the morning; they always have lunch at school. They ever eat out on school

days. After lunch, they don’t have a short rest they have two classes in the afternoon. The classes are over at about three o’clock .At their free time, they often play soccer or basketball, go swimming and so on. They have four times ball games in a year. life. This is American students’ school

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