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《考案》2015届高三英语(新人教版必修2)一轮复习课件:Unit 4 Wildlife protection(共63张PPT)


(2014 安徽合肥模拟)学校将要举行主题为“Teamwork”的英语演讲 比赛。 请你根据自己对此主题的理解及如何与他人合作写一篇英语演讲 稿。 参考词汇:团队精神 team spirit 队友 teammate Good morning, everyone! The topic of my speech is “Teamwork”. ①In my opinion, team

work plays a very important part in our life.We are living in a world where everyone needs to cooperate with each other. We won't be so sure of success if we just work alone. How shall we be a good teammate in a team? First, we should

remember there is no “I” in teamwork.②Learning to be a good listener is also of great importance. Besides, it's important to realize others' advantages and know how to work with them. ③There're so many examples around us where teamwork matters. Everyone lives in a team, and each of us needs to contribute to the team. All of us should have team spirit. That's all. Thanks for listening. Ⅰ.词汇积累 1.扮演非常重要的角色________________ 2.相互合作________________ 3.学会当好的听众________________

4.意识到他人的优点________________ 5.为团队作贡献________________ 1.play a very important part 2.cooperate with each other 3.learn to be a good listener 4.realize others' advantages 5.contribute to the team Ⅱ.句式仿写 1.古希腊时期体育在人们的生活中起到了重要的作用。(依据句式 ①) _________________________________________________________ _______________ 2.学说汉语并不像你想象的那么难。(依据句式②) _________________________________________________________

3.按时完成这项计划很重要。(依据句式③) _________________________________________________________ _______________ 1.In ancient Greece sports played a very important part in the life of the people. 2.Learning to speak Chinese is not as hard as you think. 3.A great deal that this project finishes on time matters.

5. ________ vi. 回答; 响应; 作出反应→________ n. 回答; 反应; 回应 6.________ n. 仁慈;宽恕;怜悯→________ adj. 仁慈的;慈悲 的;宽容的→________ adj. 残忍的 7. ________n. 重要(性)→________ adj.重要的; 重大的→________ adv.重要地 8.________ vt. 包含;容纳;容忍→________ n. 容器 9.________ vt. 影响;感动;侵袭→________ n. 喜爱;感情 10.________ vt. 鉴赏;感激;意识到→________ n. 鉴赏;感激 →________ adj.感激的 11.________v. 接替;继任→________ n. 成功→________ adj. 成 功的

12.________ vt. 雇用;利用(时间、精力等)→________ n. 雇主 →________ n. 雇员;雇工 13 . ________ n. & vt. 损 害 ; 危 害 →________ adj. 有 害 的 →________ adj. 无害的 14.________ adj. 凶猛的;猛烈的→________ adv. 凶猛地;强烈 地 15.________ adv. 忠诚地;忠实地→________ adj. 忠实的;可靠 的→________ n. 信心;忠实;信任 1.hunt 2.protection; protect; protective 3 . decrease; decreasing 4.loss; lose; lost 5.respond; response 6.mercy; merciful; merciless 7.importance; important ; importantly 8.contain; container 9.affect; affection 10.appreciate; appreciation;

appreciative 11.succeed; success; successful 12.employ; employer; employee 13.harm; harmful; harmless 14.fierce; fiercely 15.faithfully; faithful; faith Ⅱ. 短语互译 1.die out ________________________________________________ 2. in peace ________________________________________________ 3 . in danger (of) ________________________________________________ 4. in relief ________________________________________________ 5. burst into laughter _______________________________________ 6.保护……不受……(危害) ______________

7.注意________________________________________________ 8.形成;产生_________________________________________ 9.按照;根据……所说____________________________________ 10.以至于;结果________________________________________ 1.灭亡;逐渐消失 2.和平地;和睦地;安详地 3.在危险中;垂危 4.如释重负;松了口气 5.突然笑起来;大声 笑了出来 6.protect...from... 7.pay attention to 8.come into being 9.according to 10.so that Ⅲ. 句型梳理 1.老师站在旁边,她觉得有点不自然。(with +复合结构) _________________________________________________________ _______________

2.碟里有些肉。(there be 句型) _________________________________________________________ _______________ 3.他没有像他朋友那样去做此事。(先行词 way) _________________________________________________________ _______________ 1.With the teacher standing beside, she felt a bit uneasy. 2.There is some meat on the plate. 3.He did not do it the way (that / in which) his friend did. Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The Typhoon Fitow passed and

Zhejiang Province suffered

heavy ________(损失). 2. China isn't what she used to be. She is a p________ country now. 3 . Although Roosevelt loved animals, he also liked to go ________(打猎). 4.I have not heard from my brother ________(最近). 5.There has been a ________(减少)in our imports. 1.losses 2.powerful 3.hunting 4.recently 5.decrease Ⅱ.选词填空 in danger of; defend...against...; die out; in peace; die away 1.She had to________ herself ________the guard dog. 2.To make your anger ________________, try a simple

stressmanagement technique. 3.The little boy was once ________________losing his sight. It was this doctor who helped him out of danger. 4.Many old customs are gradually ________________. 5 . Wouldn't it be a wonderful world if all nations lived ________________with one another? 1.defend; against 2.die away 3.in danger of 4.dying out 5.in peace

核心考点 loss(5 年 3 考) protect(5 年 6 考) relief(5 年 1 考) succeed(5 年 3 考) so that(5 年 1 考)

relief 高考常考查 relief 的拓展含义。 (2012 江苏)—Don't worry, Mum. The doctor said it was only the flu. —________! I'll tell Dad there's nothing serious. A.What a relief B.Congratulations C.How surprising D.I'm so sorry A 考查交际用语。句意:“妈妈,别担心。医生说只是流 感。 ”“我可以松口气了。 我要告诉爸爸没什么严重的。”what a relief “ 可 以 松 口 气 了 ” , 符 合 语 境 。 congratulations“ 祝 贺 ” ; how surprising“多么令人惊讶啊”;I'm so sorry“我很抱歉”。

1.reserve vt. 保留;保存;预订 n. 保护区;贮藏;储备 考点 reserve sth for sb / sth 为……保留 reserve one's opinion 保留某人的意见 with / without reserve 有(没有)保留地 in reserve 留下的;备用的 语境 (2013 广东)The power of imagination need not be reserved for children only.想象力不必只为孩子预留。

These seats are reserved for special guests.这些座位是留给贵宾的。 He spoke without reserve of his time in prison.他毫无保留地述说了 他在监狱中的事。 He must have great wealth in reserve.他一定储备了一大笔资金。 拓展 preserve 和 reserve 辨析 主要指为防止损害、变质等而保 preserve 存,使不受破坏,能长久保存下 去 指事先预留下来以备后用。也可 reserve 用于预订房间、票、座位等

巩固 用 reserve 或 preserve 的适当形式填空 (1)Every month a fixed amount of money ________________ so that we can fall back on it in case of emergence.每月要留出一定金额的 钱,万一出现紧急情况,我们能依靠这笔钱。 (2)________________ a friend, three things are required: to honor him when present, praise him when absent, and assist him in his necessities.维持友谊需要做到三点:当面尊重他;背后赞扬他;需要时 帮助他。 (3)I ________________a flight on October 16 to New York for you. 我已为你订好了 10 月 16 日到纽约的航班。 (1)should be reserved (2)To preserve (3)have reserved

2.affect vt. 影响;感动;侵袭 考点 be affected by 被……侵袭;被……感动 affection n.喜爱 affected adj.假装的;做作的 an affected laugh / smile 假笑;不自然的微笑 affecting adj.深深打动人的;感动人的 语境 (2013 四川)Thus our hearts can also affect what we see and what we don't see...那样我们的心也会影响我们看到的和没看到的东西…… The rise in prices will affect all classes.物价的上涨将使各阶层的人 都受到影响。

The disease is beginning to affect her eyesight.那种疾病逐渐影响她的 视力。 拓展 affect, effect 和 influence 辨析 affect 用作动词,意为“影响”, 常表示消极的影响 用作名词时,意为“影响; 效果”,常用于 have an effect on 结构中;用作动词 时,表示“引起;使发生”

effect

influence

表示“影响”,主要指对行 为、性格、观点等产生间接 的或潜移默化的影响。可用 作动词(及物)或名词(通常不 可数,但有时可与不定冠词 连用)

巩固 用 affect, effect, influence 的适当形式填空 (1)It's clear that her painting has been ________ by Picasso. (2)New controls will come into ________ next month. (3)The disease ________ the central nervous system. (1)influenced (2)effect (3)affected

3.appreciate v. 欣赏;赏识;感激;感谢;理解;意识到 考点 appreciate + n. / pron./that...欣赏……;感激…… appreciate one's doing sth 欣赏/感激某人做某事 I would appreciate it if...如果……,我将不胜感激 appreciation n.欣赏;赏识;感激;感谢 语境 (2013 广东)Your timely reply will be highly appreciated.若你能及时 回复我将十分感谢。 I appreciated your help when we moved.我很感激你在我们搬家时 所给予的帮助。 I would appreciate it if you would turn the music down.如果你把音

乐声关小一些,我将不胜感激。 巩固 完成句子 (1)We shall ________________ if you will give our bid your favorable consideration. 如承优惠考虑报价,我们将不胜感激。 (2)I appreciate ________________ me, Molly. Thank you very much. 你帮了我很大忙, 莫莉。真谢谢你。 (3)His new contribution to the advancement of physiology ________________. 他对生理学发展作出的新贡献获得了高度赞赏。 (1)appreciate it very much (2)your helping (3)was well appreciated

4.succeed vi. 成功 vt. 接替;继任 考点 success n.成功 successful adj.成功的 successfully adv.成功地 succeed in doing sth 成功做成某事 succeed to...继承;继任(王位等) succeed sb as...接替、继任某人当…… be successful in sth 在某事上取得成功 语境 (2013 浙江)The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief that you are better than anyone else on the sports field.通往最高

水平的成功之路就是拥有坚定的信念:在运动场上你比任何人都更棒。 They finally succeeded in finding a solution to the problem.他们 终于找到了解决那个问题的办法。 Who will succeed to his wealth? 谁会继承他的财产呢? John will succeed Tom as director of the museum.约翰将接替汤姆 担任博物馆馆长。 巩固 用 succeed 的适当形式填空 After (1)________ to her father's company as president of it (2)________ , Helen (3)________ in making the company more (4)________ in its field, which helped to make her a big (5)________ in turn.

(1)succeeding (2)successfully (4)successful (5)success

(3)succeeded

1.die out 灭亡;逐渐消失 语境 The fire died out in the heavy rain. 大雨中火灭了。 About 50 species die out every day in the world. 世界上每天大约 有 50 个物种灭绝。 拓展 die away 变弱;逐渐平息 die down 减弱;平息 die from 死于(外伤、事故等身体外部原因)

die for 渴望;为……而死 die of 死于(疾病、饥饿等身体内部原因) die off 相继死去 be dying for 渴望 巩固 完成句子 (1)He predicted that newspapers would ________(不复存在). (2)In big cities during cold winter months, many old people ________________ (因空气污染而死). (3) I ________________ (我渴 望)something to drink and eat. (4)In a cold winter, many wild animals may ________ (因饥饿而死).

(1) die out (2)die from the polluted air (3)am dying for (4)die of hunger 2.protect... from...保护……不受……(危害) 考点 protect... against... 保护……免受……的伤害/侵害 prevent... (from)... 阻止……做…… stop... (from)... 阻止……做…… keep... from... 阻止……做…… 语境 Wear a hat to protect yourself from the sun. 戴上一顶帽子来保护 你自己免受太阳晒伤。 You must learn to protect yourself from the danger. 你必须学会保

护自己,免遭危险。 拓展 defend,protect 和 guard 辨析 “保卫;防护;防守”,含 defend 有采取措施抵制进攻的意思 常含有提供安全的方式来驱 protect 除不适、伤害或进攻的意思 guard 含有看守的意思 巩固 一句多译 上周暴风雪使我们不能按时实施计划。 (1)The snowstorm(keep) ________________ carrying out the plan

on time last week. (2)The snowstorm(stop) carrying out the plan on time last week. (3)The snowstorm(prevent) carrying out the plan on time last week. (1)kept us from (2)stopped us (from) (3)prevented us (from)

________________ ________________

They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being...千百万年前恐龙就在地球上生活, 比人类的出 现要早得多……

考点 long before 意为“很久以前”,常用于过去时或过去完成时的句 子中作时间状语,before 后可以跟从句。 (2013 浙江)I had a problem long before I knew it.早在我知道这事 (学生比我小不了多少)之前我就有一个问题。 I had heard of Mo Yan long before he got the Nobel Prize.早在莫言 获得诺贝尔奖很久以前,我就听说过他。 拓展 (1)before long 相当于 soon 或 a little later, 意为“不久;不久以 后”, 常与将来时、 过去时态连用, 在句中作状语, 不可以直接接从句。 (2)It is / was not long before ...不久就…… It will not be long before... 过不了多久就……(主句用一般将来时,

从句用一般现在时) (3)It will be long before...要过很久才…… The result of the exam will come out before long.考试结果不久就会 出来。 It won't be long before the lady goes abroad. 不久那位女士就要出 国。 巩固 完成句子 (1)He was very excited, and ________________ he calmed down. 他很激动,心情久久不能平静。 (2)________________ we meet again. 要隔很久的时间我们才能再 见面。

(3)We were tired of waiting and hoped the bus ________________. 我们已经等得不耐烦了,希望公共汽车不久就会来。 (1)it was long before (2)It will be long before (3)would come before long

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.You need warm clothes to ________(保护) you against the cold. 2.It is impossible to make up the ________(失去的) time. 3. I am afraid you can't sit here, sir. This seat is ________(预订的). 4.He ________(申请) for a job as an English teacher. 5.I wrote a letter ________(建议) that he should carry out the plan at once. 6.It ________(包含) a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. 7.The new government will come to ________(掌权) next month.

8.The dog just ________(咬) me in the leg. 1.protect 2.lost 3.reserved 4.applied 5.suggesting 6.contains 7.power 8.bit Ⅱ.选词填空 die out; according to; in relief; in peace; in danger; pay attention to; burst into laughter; protect...from...; so that; come into being 1.The new country ________________ only two years ago. 2. ________________ the teacher, Lily fell far behind other students as a result of laziness. 3.The government is doing its best to ________ those rare animals ________ being hunted. 4.I had warned my classmate of the possible danger, but he didn't

________________ it. 5.Tigers will ________________ if men are allowed to shoot as many as they wish. 6.Children's lives are ________________ every time they cross the road. 7.The people in the village help each other and live together ________________. 8.Hearing the funny story, all of the students ________________. 9.Why don't you start out early ________________ you don't have to hurry? 10.No one was hurt, and we all smiled ________________. 1.came into being 2.According to 3.protect; from 4.pay

attention to 5.die out 6.in danger 7.in peace 8.burst into laughter 9.so that 10. in relief Ⅲ. 基础写作 将下面几个句子翻译成英语,然后连成一篇语义连贯的小短文。 1.你国庆节去了动物园; 2.对游客在动物园的做法你感到非常气愤; 3.看到游客对动物园的狮子扔石头; 4.呼吁人们保护和爱护动物,并提出你的建议。 _________________________________________________________ _______________ _________________________________________________________ _______________

One possible version: I feel terribly sorry and ashamed of what people did to the animals in the zoo on National Day. I saw some visitors throw some stones at the lions. Some people just looked and laughed, but no one thought those were wrong.Here is my advice. First, we should make people know animals are our friends. We should treat the animals well. Second, anyone who treats animals badly should be fined.

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.I'd appreciate ________ if you would turn out the lights. I'm sleepy. A.you B.that C.it D.this C 考查代词。it 指下文中要提到的事情,这个句子显然不 能理解为宾语从句,if 引导的是状语从句,it 是代词作 appreciate 的 宾语。句意:如果你能将灯关掉的话,我将不胜感激。我很困。

2.The results of the medical checkup suggested that my mother ________in poor health, so the doctor suggested that she ________ more exercise. A.was; took B.be; should take C.should be; took D.was; take D 考查 suggest 的用法。 第 1 空前的 suggest 意为“表明”, 其后的宾语从句用陈述语气;第 2 空前的 suggest 意为“建议”,其后 的宾语从句用虚拟语气 should do, should 可以省略。句意:医疗检查 表明我母亲健康状况很糟糕,因此医生建议她多锻炼。

3.Having lost engine power, the boat's crew found themselves ________ the wind. A.at the mercy of B.in honor of C.in charge of D.in memory of A 考查介词短语。 at the mercy of “任由……摆布” ; in honor of“为了纪念”;in charge of“主管;负责”;in memory of“为了纪 念”。句意:在失去引擎动力之后,船员们发现自己只能任凭风力摆布 了。 4.English was very different centuries ago from that today. Over time, some words and expressions even ________ completely. A.came to an end B.came into being C.broke up D.died out

D 考查动词短语。come to an end“结束”; come into being“开始存在”;break up “破碎”;die out “灭绝”。句意:几 个世纪前的英语与现在的英语迥异。 随着时光流逝, 一些词语甚至绝迹。 5.Now the world's attention ________ on the stocking markets, as they have great influence on the world's economy. A.is fixing B.has fixed C.is being fixed D.had been fixed C 考查时态和语态。attention 和 fix 之间是被动关系,故 排除 A、B 两项,再根据 now,可知应用现在进行时的被动语态。 6.Compared to the serious naming system in Europe, the way ________ Chinese name their children seems to be much more flexible. A.that B.where C.which D.what

A 考查定语从句。先行词为 the way, 定语从句中缺少状语 时,用 in which 或 that 引导,也可以省略引导词。句意:相对欧洲严 格的取名制度,中国人的取名方法就灵活多了。 7. This book ________ twenty articles, ________ five written by my sister. A.contains; includes B.includes; containing C.contains; including D.includes; contained C 考查动词。句意:这本书含有二十篇文章,包括五篇我 姐姐写的文章。contain 侧重整体包含的内容,而 include 则强调是整 体的一部分。including 是介词,意为“包括”。

8. —Would you like to go to see the touching movie Avatar with me tonight? —________, but I have a visiting friend now. A.I would B.I'd prefer C.I'd be happy D.I'd like to D 考查交际用语。would like to do sth 是表示意愿的用语, 此处 I'd like to 是 I'd like to go to see the movie 的省略形式,注意要保 留不定式符号 to。 9. The visitors from the mainland complained to the travel agency about the horrible service during the trip, but no one has ________ by now. A.responded B.deserved C.recovered D.survived

A 考查动词。 respond “答复; 响应”; deserve “值得”; recover “康复;痊愈”;survive “存活下来;幸存”。句意:来自大 陆的游客向旅行社投诉旅途中糟糕的服务, 但是到现在还没有人对此作 出回应。 10. The professor's speech was so touching that all the people in the room ________ to tears. A.affected B.were affected C.is affected D.had been affected B 考查时态和语态。 affect 在此意为“(使)感动”。 句意: 教授的演讲如此触动人心,以至于屋里所有的人都感动得流下了眼泪。

11.It is ________ that, over just the next five years, we will see a growing number of foreign acquisitions by Indian and Chinese companies. A.certain B.sure C.secure D.convenient A 考查形容词。It is certain that...是固定句型,意为“肯 定……”。句意:可以肯定,在未来五年,我们将看到印中公司越来越 多的外国收购行为。 12.—Look, David! A heated talk show ________ live on TV in 3D. —Amazing! A.is broadcasting B.is being broadcast C.has broadcast D.has been broadcast B 考查时态和语态。根据 look 可知动作正在进行;又因为

talk show 与 broadcast 之间为被动关系,故用现在进行时的被动 语态。 13.________ by a dog, the little boy did not dare to play with dogs again. A.Being bitten B.Bitten C.Having bitten D.To be bitten B 考查非谓语动词。the little boy 与 bite 之间是被动和完 成的关系,所以选用过去分词形式,此处过去分词作状语,表原因。句 意:被狗咬过,这个小男孩不敢再和狗玩了。 14.We should respect food and think about the people who don't have ________we have here and treat food nicely. A. that B. which C. what D. whether

有我们所拥有的食物的人,并且我们也要认真对待食物。what 引 导宾语从句,且 what 在宾语从句中作宾语。 15.—Why didn't you ask the English teacher the question? —She had left the classroom ________ I had time to do it. A.as B.till C.after D.before D 考查连词。答句句意:我还没来得及问她问题,她就离 开了教室。before 表示“还没来得及……就……” 。 Ⅱ. 完形填空 There was once a man who lived by the side of the road and sold hot dogs. He was hard of __1__ so he had no radio—he had trouble with his __2__, so he read no newspapers and of course he didn't look at television. But he __3__ very good hot dogs. He put up a __4__ on the

highway telling everyone how good they were; he stood on the side of the road and __5__ out to all that passed “Buy a hot dog; it is the __6__ in the town.” And people bought his hot dogs and he __7__ his meat and bun orders. He bought a bigger __8__ to take care of all the extra business. He finally got his __9__ to come and help him out with his __10__. But then something happened, his son who had been well __11__ said, “Father, haven't you been listening to the radio or reading the newspapers or watching television?There's a big __12__ happening right now. The current business situation is __13__ in this country—we have problems with __14__—many people are unable to find jobs—high living costs, strikes, pollution, poverty, drugs and alcohol.”

His father thought, “Well my son's been __15__ educated, and he reads the papers, listens to the radio and watches television, so he ought to __16__.” So his father cut down on his meat and bun __17__, took down all his advertising signs and no longer __18__ to stand by the side of the road to promote and sell his hot dogs, ... and his hot dog __19__ fell almost overnight. “You're __20__, son,” the father said, “We certainly are in the middle of a recession.” 【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。父亲的热狗很受欢迎,想扩大规 模。儿子告诉他的父亲现在正处在经济萧条时期,不应该扩大规模。父 亲听从了儿子的建议。

1.A.speaking B.hearing C.sensing D.tasting B 根据后面的“so he had no radio”可知他的听力不好。 speak“ 说 话 ” ; sense“ 感 觉 ” ; taste“ 有 …… 味 道 ” 。 hard of hearing“听力弱;耳背”。 2.A.hands B.ears C.eyes D.arms C 结合后面的“he read no newspapers and of course he didn't look at television”可知他不看报纸和电视是因为他的眼睛有问题, hand,arm 和 ear 与视觉没有联系。 3.A.sold B.gave C.enjoyed D.purchased A 从后面的“people bought his hot dogs”可知他出售热狗。 give“给”;enjoy“喜爱”;purchase“购买”。 4.A.notice B.wall C.tent D.sign

D 根据后面的“took down all his advertising signs”可知他 在路边树立了标牌,作为促销热狗的广告。notice“通知”,主要指给 予信息、指示或者警告等;wall“墙”;tent“帐篷”。 5.A.brought B.cried C.gave D.sent B 他不但在路边树立了广告牌,而且还在那里大声叫卖热 狗。 cry out“大叫”符合题意。 bring out“使显现”; give out“分发”; send out“发出”。 6.A.biggest B.cheapest C.best D.smallest C 根据上文的“good”可知他卖的热狗很好,很受人欢迎。 biggest“最大”;smallest“最小”;cheapest“最便宜”。 7.A.increased B.ate C.arranged D.received

A 前面提到他的热狗很好卖,所以他扩大了经营规模,增 加了肉类和面包的订单。eat 意为“吃”,而这里的宾语是 orders; arrange“安排”,没有扩大规模的意思;receive“收到”。 8.A.dog B.radio C.television D.stove D 根据上下文可知他是卖热狗的,因此他购买了一个炉子 来做更多的热狗,而电视、收音机和狗均与扩大经营无关。 9.A.friend B.wife C.son D.daughter C 根据下文他儿子的话可知, 他让他的儿子来帮助经营业务。 10.A.danger B.business C.trouble D.company B 他是在路边做卖热狗生意的,所以 business 符合语境。 danger“危险”;trouble“困难”;company“公司”。

11.A.educated B.dressed C.behaved D.prepared A 根据下文的“Well my son's been __15___educated”可 知他的儿子受过良好教育。B、C、D 三项均与语境不符。 12.A.incident B.conflict C.accident D.recession D 根据文章结尾的“We certainly are in the middle of a recession ”可知,现在正处于经济衰退期。incident“发生的事情(尤指 不寻常的或讨厌的)”;accident“(交通)事故”;conflict“冲突”。 13.A.satisfactory B.favorable C.terrible D.explosive C 根据后面他的儿子提到的失业、污染、贫穷和毒品等问 题可知现在的形势是很糟糕的,所以选 terrible。satisfactory“令人满 意的”;favorable“有利的”;explosive“爆炸性的”。

14.A.environment B.unemployment C.disease D.crime B 根据后面的“many people are unable to find jobs”可知 很多人找不到工作,因此这里应指“失业”。environment“环境”; disease“疾病”;crime“犯罪活动”。 15.A.well B.never C.very D.ever A 根据前面的“his son who had been well educated”可知此 处选 well。never 表示“从未;未曾”;very 不能修饰 educated;ever 表示“曾经”,但体现不出儿子的良好教育情况,故均不符合题意。 16.A.compete B.survive C.succeed D.know D 儿子不但受过良好的教育,而且还看报纸、听收音机、

看电视等, 他应该对经济形势了解, 故选 know。 compete“竞争”; survive“幸存”; succeed“成功”。 17.A.numbers B.orders C.sizes D.shapes B 根据前面的“and he increased his meat and bun orders” 可知他听从了儿子的建议, 减少了订单。 number“数目”; size“大小”; shape“形状”。 18.A.agreed B.regretted C.bothered D.promised C bother to do sth“费心做某事”。结合前面的“no longer” 可知他不愿意再到路边去推销他的热狗了。agree“同意”;regret“懊 悔”;promise“许诺”。 19.A.sizes B.weight C.price D.sales

D 由于他拆掉了广告牌,也不再去路边推销他的热狗了, 所以热狗的销售量几乎一夜之间就下降了。weight“重量”;price“价 格”;size“大小”。 20.A.right B.foolish C.lazy D.honest A 由于自己的热狗的销售量下降,这位父亲便认为儿子说 的话是对的, 所以选 right。 foolish “愚蠢的” ; lazy“懒惰的”; honest“诚 实的”。

Ⅲ. 阅读理解

An international group of experts has strongly supported evidence that a space impact was behind the mass extinction (灭绝) event that killed off the dinosaurs. They reached agreement after conducting the most wideranging analysis yet of the evidence. Writing in Science journal, they rule out alternative theories such as largescale volcano

effects. The analysis has been discussed at the 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC) in the US. The experts reviewed 20 years' worth of research to determine the cause of the mass extinction, around 65 million years ago. The extinction wiped out more than half of all species on the planet, including the dinosaurs and large marine reptiles (爬行类), clearing the way for mammals (哺乳类) to become the dominant species on Earth. Their review of the evidence shows that the extinction was caused by a massive minor planet or comet crash into Earth at Chicxulub on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. When the 10~15 km space rock struck the Yucatan, the explosive energy released was equal to 100 trillion tons of TNT— about a billion

times more explosive than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The huge hole that remains from the event is some 180 km in diameter (直径). “You can actually trace debris (碎片) right up to the edge of the hole from across the world,” coauthor Dr David Kring, from the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston, told BBC News. “You can start in Europe, cross the Atlantic and it just thickens as you approach the Chicxulub impact hole.” The initial impact would have caused large ? scale fires, huge earthquakes, and continental tsunamis. Dr Gareth Collins, one of the review's coauthors from Imperial College London, said the minor planet hit Earth 20 times faster than a speeding bullet. He added: “The

explosion of hot rock and gas would have looked like a huge ball of fire on the horizon, killing any living creature that couldn't find shelter.” 【语篇解读】有关恐龙灭绝的原因,一直众说纷纭,一些人认为大 规模火山爆发是导致它们从地球上消失的原因; 另一些人则认为它们是 史前气候变化的牺牲者。现在一项重要研究称,有确凿证据可以证明, 恐龙是在一颗大小相当于威特岛的小行星撞上地球后的几周内全部死 亡的。 1.What is the main idea of the passage? A.The dinosaurs were killed because of bad climate. B.The dinosaurs were killed by space crash. C.The dinosaurs were killed owing to other large species. D.The dinosaurs were killed due to lack of food.

B 主旨题。分析全文可知,科学家们根据多年研究,一致 同意,恐龙灭绝是因为外太空小行星或彗星的撞击。 2.The mass extinction about 65 million years ago killed ________. A.over half of all species B.most of dinosaurs C.few marine reptiles D.all mammals A 细节题。 根据第 2 段“The extinction wiped out more than half of all species on the planet, including the dinosaurs and large marine reptiles, clearing the way for mammals to become the dominant species on Earth”可知,6500 万年前的大灭绝摧毁了超过半数以上的物 种。

3.The explosive energy from the space rock hitting the Yucatan is ________times as strong as the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A.ten B.fifteen C.one billion D.100 trillion C 细节题。根据第 3 段“When the 10~15 km space rock struck the Yucatan, the explosive energy released was ...about a billion times more explosive than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki”可知。 4.What can we learn from the fourth paragraph? A.The debris can be only found in Europe. B.The debris can be only found in Atlantic.

C.The debris can be found on the moon. D.The debris can be found all over the world. D 推断题。分析第 4 段可知,来自外太空的岩石碎片分布 在世界各地。 5.The initial impact would have caused the following EXCEPT ________. A.drought B.fires C.earthquakes D.tsunamis A 细节题。根据最后一段“The initial impact would have caused largescale fires, huge earthquakes, and continental tsunamis ” 可知。


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