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2012丰台一模高三英语试题解析


By M_sapphire

北京市丰台区 2012 届高三第二学期统一练习(一)

英 语 试 题
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.Since th

e end of the war, many of the priceless antiques ______ to their rightful owners. A.have returned B.had returned C.had been returned D.have been returned 22.In college, you will discover ______ learning is about, from teacher-taught to self-learner. A.which B.that C.what D.where 23.I'm sorry you ______ so long, but it' 11 still be some time before Jim gets back. A.wait B.waited C.had waited D.have been waiting 24.When I was a child, my father ______ read me a story at night before bedtime.新课标第一网 A.would B.should C.could D.might 25. With the victory at the French Open, Li Na has reached NO. in the world, ______ the previous Asian 4 record. A.equaled B.equaling C.to have equaled D.having equaled 26.Our usual walk is to or from the subway, ______ is how we get to work. A.which B.where C.as D.that 27.When she entered the police station, she recognized the man who ______ her at once. A.was attacking B.attacked C.had attacked D.would attack 28.—The wind is always blowing here. —How I wish it ______ today. A.won't blow B.didn't blow C.doesn't blow D.isn't blowing 29.—Have you seen the film The War Horsey —Of course, I have.It was in my hometown ______ it was made. A.where B.when C.that D.which 30.—Excuse me, visiting hours are over.It' s time for you to leave. —I' m sorry, I didn't know the time or I ______ earlier. A.will leave B.would leave C.had left D.would have left 31.Martin drove along ______ he found a convenient parking place. A.after B.when C.until D.since 32.David _____ a customer when the fire started. A.served B.was serving C.had served D.would serve 33.Programmers, ______ to bring the old and the young together, are growing in popularity all over the world. A.designed B.to be designed C.designing D.having designed 34.—Is there any mail? —No, ______ at all.
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By M_sapphire
A.nothing B.none C.no one D.neither 35.I will visit Austria ______ the invitation of my friend this summer vacation. A.by B.for C.to D.at 第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上涂黑。 Travis laughed as he tore at the wrapping paper on his birthday present.He was so 36 ! Finally, he would have the coolest pair of name-brand basketball shoes. All the guys on his team were wearing the name-brand shoes of a popular basketball 37 , Chuck Hart. 38 Hart was criticized for his poor sportsmanship and infamous 39 , he was a great player.In fact, Travis wasn't thinking about Hart' s behavior; he had only expected to see Hart' s 40 on the side of the box.The first indication that something was 41 came as he tore away the last piece of paper. Hart' s. new shoes were the name-brand of another player, Robert Ryann, who was 42 Not The for his amazing work in the community. Travis's hands 43 ; his heart stopped. wasn't that the Ryann shoes weren't nice, but what would It his friends think ? They were the wrong shoes and Travis would be 44 by the other players. When he looked up into his dad' s eyes, however, Travis knew he 45 tell him. "'Thanks, Dad.I was really hoping for shoes," Travis said as he pulled the shoes out of the box. Next morning his dad drove him to school.When they 46 in front of his destination, Travis slowly opened the car door.Just then, his dad stopped him. "Hey, Travis, wait a minute, look"…" his dad said 47 "Travis, I know those aren’t the shoes you had hoped for, but I saw the names of the two guys and made a(n) 48 The guy whose name is on those shoes," he said, poi nting down at Travis’s feet, "is someone I 49 .Do you know how often Ryann has found himself in 50 ?" "No," Travis said. " Never. s never talked back to his coach or started a fight, and he' s a team player. could have He' You acted like a 51 when you didn't get the shoes you wanted, Travis, 52 you were polite and made the best of it.You have 53 , like the guy whose name is on these shoes.I' m hoping that someday, your name will be on the coolest pair of shoes I' 11 ever see." When Travis looked down at his feet, he saw the shoes 54 . His dad had used his mind and heart to give the son a thoughtful 55 . 36.A.surprised B.ashamed C.excited D.worried 37.A.team B.player C.coach D.g ame 38.A.Unless B.If C.Because D.Although 39.A.skill B.performance C.behavior D.action 40.A.name B.photo C.sign D.model 41.A.strange B.wrong C.true D.funny 42.A.known B.encouraged C.adopted D.influenced 43.A.fell B.froze C.shook D.folded 44.A.questioned B.noticed C.teased D.attacked 45.A.mustn't B.needn't C.wouldn't D.couldn't 46.A.pulled up B.put up C.took up D.turned up 47.A.peacefully B.hesitantly C.delightedly D.naturally 48.A.choice B.effort C.comment D.mistake
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By M_sapphire
49.A.believe B.miss C.admire D.remember 50.A.danger B.anger C.sorrow D.trouble 51.A.teammate B.adult C.kid D.student 52.A.so B.and C.but D.or 53.A.honor B.courage C.dream D.belief 54.A.clearly B.carefully C.patiently D.differently 55.A.gift B.look C.hope D.lesson 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A

Exploring Caves—Suit up with a helmet and light, and take Cave Crawl(爬行). Bring your own knee pads. Learn about equipment used by cavers and rules for safe cave exploration. Spend the morning viewing stalactites — rock formations that hang from the ceiling — and their opposites, stalagmites(石笋). Cave Alive—Take a look and learn about bats, salamanders, and other interesting creatures that grow up in caves. See crickets, crayfish, and even beetles. Learn why bears like to live in caves. Fossils—Learn how remains of ancient plant and animal life became set in rocks, and discover how they provide clues about Earth’s history. Examine fossils in the cave. Caves—Learn how changes in underground rock formation cause openings and caverns to develop. Find out how acidic water dissolves(溶解) limestone to create caves. Manners—Learn how to preserve and protect beautiful, interesting, and educational caves. Learn why bats should not be disturbed when they are hibernating. Never go caving alone. Take nothing but pictures; leave nothing but footprints. JOIN TODAY. RECEIVE THESE EARLY BIRD BENEFITS:? ? A membership card.? ? A membership certificate.? ? A Caves and Caverns activity book.? ? A newsletter with games, activities, and special offers.? THAT’S NOT ALL. MEMBERS ALSO RECEIVE:? ? Free unlimited admission to Echo Cove Cave.? ? One-week Echo Cove Youth Camp enrollment(注册)at half price.? ? Ten tickets for you and your friends to a private “off ? the ? beaten ? track” tour of the cave.? ? Two free admission tickets to Echo Cove Cave for friends or family members.?
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By M_sapphire
? Admission to “Caves Around the World” lectures given by world famous cavers every month. 56.If you are interested in rock formations, which activities are the best choices? A.Caves and Fossils. B.Fossils and Manners. C.Caves, and Exploring Caves. D.Exploring Caves and Manners. 57.If you are members' friends, what benefits can you receive? A.Two free lectures every month. B.A membership card and certificate. C.Favorable price for Youth Camp. D.Two free tickets to Echo Cove Cave.xkb1.com 58.The purpose of this poster is to invite more people to ______. A.join the Cave Club B.enjoy the underground world C.work as volunteers, D.protect the educational caves B Unlike many surfers who sought the perfect wave, my interests always lay beneath the sea' s surface in a world I could only imagine and dream of.When I was twelve, I made my first adventures in the deep.Later I would learn how to dive, expanding my world of exploration many times over. Perhaps the greatest turning point in my life came when I was in high school and I wrote a letter to the famous Scripps Oceanographic Institution, asking how I might learn more about the sea.A kind scientist answered my letter and told me how to apply to Scripps for a summer scholarship, which I received.During one of their courses that summer, I met Dr.Robert Norris, a marine geologist.He loved the sea almost as much as I did.Soon he suggested I consider his school, the University of California, for my study.One year later I became a member of the freshman class. Now my love affair with the sea became a serious endeavor.If I wanted to be an undersea explorer, I needed to learn as much as I could about the laws of the physical world that controlled the environment I wanted to enter.The undersea world is not our nature world.It is unforgiving to those who make mistakes.At its greatest depths the water temperature is near freezing, the p pressure is eight tons per square inch, and it is totally dark.It is easy to get lost in such a world.I needed to learn a lot about geography, navigation, geology, biology, and many other things. I decided another important thing for me to do was to join the U.S.Navy.If I was going to be an undersea explorer, I would have to lead men and women on dangerous adventures where they might get hurt, and I didn't want that to happen. In the Navy I learned discipline, organization, and how to motivate and lead people on adventures so that we could explore the wonders of the deep. Finally, the time came to put all that I had learned to use, to go forth with a team of men and women and explore an adventure I am still on and hope to be on for many years to come. 59.What happened to the author at the age of twelve? A.He dreamed about undersea exploration. B.He began to swim under the deep water. C.He surfed on big waves for the first time. D.He learned to dive off the cliffs. 60.In college, the author took many different types of courses because he A.was told it was easy to get lost in exploration B.was advised to take them by Dr.Robert Norris C.thought they were needed to fully understand the ocean D.believed it would help him succeed in the Navy
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By M_sapphire
61.The author joined the Navy to ______. A.develop his leadership skills B.get along with people under stress C.learn about the dangers of the ocean D.gather specific information about ocean life 62.Which word can best describe the author? A.Imaginative. B.Optimistic. C.Independent. D.Ambitious. C Some wonderfully creative uses of X-rays have been in the world of art.But the most impressive one is to uncover what has been covered up. Details unfolded by an X-ray of a painting can ' t be seen any other way. example, in the past, paintings were often repaired if small pieces of paint fell off the canvas (帆 For 布) These repairs cannot be seen just by looking at the painting.It takes an X-ray to discover where the . repairs have been made. An X-ray of a painting is one of the best ways to tell if it was created by a famous painter or if it is a forgery.If there is a question as to whether an old master has painted a certain painting or not, X-rays are made and compared to those of paintings that are known to be original.If the brushstrokes (笔迹) , for example, are shown to be totally different than in other work done by a certain artist, then the painting is proved to be a fake copy. Since modern paints are usually made from different materials than paints of hundreds of years ago, the image they leave on an X-ray film looks different.This is another way X-rays can be used to spot a forgery.A modem artist will try to make a forgery look hundreds of years old by painting dirty vanish on it or by using artificial means to get the varnish to look cracked.To the naked eye the forgery may look old, but when a careful study of the X-ray image is made, the deception is obvious. It was common many years ago for an artist to finish a painting, decide it wasn't any good, and paint a completely different picture on top of it.Or artists would paint over others' work —it was their version of recycling.Taking an X-ray is the only way to find out if there is a picture underneath the picture you see with your eyes.Sometimes museums will be more interested in the painting beneath than the one on top, and will restore the older one by having the top layer painstakingly removed. 63.What is the main purpose of the article? A.To provide information to police who are looking for stolen art. B.To persuade art dealers to check for fake copies before selling art. C.To explain how modern technology can be applied in unique ways. D.To help artists restore damaged artwork to its original appearance. 64.According to the passage.X-rays are used to ______. A.make repairs on paintings in the past B.identify the authenticity of an artwork C.change the materials of a forgery D.remove the recyclable paints 65.In Paragraph 3, the word "deception" probably means ______. A.comparison B.drawback C.trickery D.judgment 66.Which is the best title for the passage? A.X-ray Detectives B.Creative Uses of Technology C.Forgery Studies D.X-ray Painting Techniques D Learning to drive is important to the independence of teenagers, but it is also a great
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By M_sapphire
responsibility. Although having a law that keeps 16-year-old drivers from having more than one teenager in the car with them at first seems unfair, there are convincing reasons for this requirement. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety reports that teens are four times more likely than older drivers to be involved in an automobile accident. also reports that 16-and 17-year-old drivers are twice as It likely to have an accident if they have two teenage friends in the car and four times as likely to have one if they have three or more teenage friends in the car with them.Fatal ( 致命的) crashes of 16-year-old drivers involve the highest percentage of speeding, driver error, and number of passengers.This information is enough to cause any reasonable person to wonder about the wisdom of allowing new teen drivers to take a carload of friends anywhere, even if the law permits it. A study at the National Institutes of Health indicates that the part of the human brain that controls judgment and evaluates the consequences of our actions might not be fully formed until the age of 25. Until this study, researchers had placed the age at 18.If this is true, it could explain the reckless (鲁莽的) behavior of many teens, behavior that often extends into their twenties.It also could be a strong reason for being cautious about the driving circumstances of young people. This is not the only study that indicates such caution is necessary.One study at Temple University in Philadelphia examines the results of peer pressure in risky driving situations.The study, which uses a driving game, has an individual guide a car through a course, both alone and in the presence of friends.Three different age groups participated in the study: 13-16, 18-22, and 24 and older.Members of the oldest group showed caution whether driving alone or with friends present, but the two younger groups took more chances when they were with their friends.Furthermore, because these drivers were accustomed to the noise and distraction of many passengers, they were unable to see their own mistakes.Once again, this is a good indication that a law restricting the number of teenagers in the car with a young driver is a good idea. 67.What does the author mainly tell us in Paragraph 2? A.Many deaths have occurred because of inexperience and overconfidence. B.It' s reasonable to severely limit the passenger number of teen drivers. C.New teen drivers have to.ask permission before driving with friends. D.There are many causes behind the teens' driving accidents. 68.From the two studies, the author probably suggests that ______. A.different age groups have different peer pressure B.teenagers often give wrong judgments above passengers' noise C.underdeveloped brain makes teens ignore their mistakes D.driving circumstances are bound up with the risk of accidents 69.We can infer that the law restriction can probably ______. A.protect teens on the highway B.raise teens' sense of responsibility C.reduce the number of fatal crashes D.force teens to drive with caution 70.With which statement would the author most likely disagree? A.Some teenagers have risky behavior while driving. B.Certain laws treat teenagers and adults differently. C.We still need more studies on teen driving. D.Driving is important to a teenager' s sense of independence. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选
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By M_sapphire
项。 Should Good Sportsmanship Be Taught in School? Almost everyone feels that it is important for young people to win fairly and show respect toward others . Should good sportsmanship, then, be taught in school? Critics do not think so. 71 Presented here are the most important benefits of teaching sportsmanship. Teaching good sportsmanship and having a positive attitude in activities like sports, class elections, and science fair competitions are critical to success in school. 72 Acting calmly under pressure helps young adults succeed not only in sports but also in life. 73 A person cannot play by the rules if he or she does not understand what the rules are.Knowing the rules also applies to other activities.If students enter a science fair competition, for example, they must follow the guidelines. Those who know the rules are much more likely to succeed. When students learn sportsmanship, they discover, how knowing the rules relates to achievement. Good players become skilled at handling responsibility.When people accept responsibility, they achieve their best.Positive thinkers, moreover, influence others, especially those who are struggling with a problem. gifted basketball player, for example, might teach skills to a less-talented player. A Helping others raises the performance of the entire team.The team, consequently, could reach new heights and set new records. 74 Those who do not practice sportsmanship pass off responsibility.For them, if an opportunity is lost, it is someone else' s fault. When student s participate on a team, they benefit by learning to accept responsibility, encourage others and own up to mistakes. Sportsmanship is a winning idea. must be taught in school. It Students need direction to become good sports".Students will be responsible for their own actions and will have a positive influence on others.As students enter the workforce, businesses benefit.The community also benefits because these students will someday become leaders. 75 A.We need to educate students about how sportsmanship pays off for everyone. B.However, the stronger argument favors teaching good sportsmanship. C.Sports help young adults learn how to team up with others. D.Good sportsmanship also means admitting mistakes. E.Activities involving winning or losing can be tense. F.It is natural that players should be eager to win. G.Good team players know the rules of the game. 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节情景作文(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)的学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的信息,为校刊英语园地写一篇英 文稿件,叙述上周六你参加学校组织的“Career Day”的活动过程及感受。 注意:1.文章的开头已为你写好。 2.词数不少于 60。xkb1.com Our school holds Career.Day once a year in March, offering us a chance to get familiar with different businesses and career options. Last Saturday,

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By M_sapphire

第二节开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture.You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

(请务必将开放作文写在答题卡第二页指定区域内)

北京市丰台区 2012 届高三第二学期统一练习(一) 参考答案
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By M_sapphire
第二部分、知识运用 第一节、单项填空 21~25、DCDAB 26~30、ACBCD 第二节、完形填空 36~40、CBDCA 41~45、BABCD 第三部分、阅读理解 第一节、 56~60、CDABC 第二节、 71~75、BEGDA

31~35、CBABD 46~50、ABACD 51~55、CCADA

61~65、ADCBC

66~70、ABDAC

第四部分、书面表达 第一节、情景作文 Our school holds Career Day once a year in March, offering us a chance to get familiar with different businesses and career options.Last Saturday, we took part in Career Day activities. At 9 o'clock, we gathered in the library. Having read the schedule, we went into the meeting hall eagerly. The guests from different businesses had already been there waiting for us. They gave us a lecture introducing what they did at work, which offered us a general knowledge of different jobs. After that, with many questions we communicated with them face to face. To our great delight, we got more valuable information we were interested in. Surprisingly, we were also given a chance to experience the work under their guidance. It helped us have a better picture of our favorite jobs. After all the activities, I had a clearer goal of my future career. I'm sure I will strive for it with passion and determination. 第二节、开放作文 From the picture, we can see a boy playing football. To our surprise, he is not kicking the football towards a goal but a basket. Although he is sweating a lot, he looks very excited; he seems to be proud of his creativity and imagination. The picture may convey the message that creativity can open up a new door to our life. As we can see in the picture, the boy manages to enjoy playing football on the basketball court. Maybe there is no football field around. In spite of limited conditions, he can think Out of the box to achieve what he wants. I think we should learn from the boy and deal with problems in unusual ways instead of complaining about unsatisfactory situations. Then we would probably like the boy, gain something unexpected, which surely brings us happiness.

2012 丰台一模答案解析 完型填空: 38. 上下句之间是让步关系,尽管 Hart 行为不当,但是他仍然是优秀的球员。
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By M_sapphire
41. 当 T 打开包装纸的时候,根据后面的 not Hart's,发现不是他想要的那双鞋,something was wrong 的用法。 45. 这句话的意思是当 T 看到父亲的眼神的时候,认为不应该告诉父亲他现在的心情,couldn't 表示 不能。 46. pull up 表示拔起,阻止,停下,句意是当他们到达目的地的时候。 50. in trouble 表示身陷麻烦的意思。 51. 因为句子谓语用的是 could have done 的结构,句意是本可以表现的像个孩子,但实际上不是。 53. 父亲夸赞孩子具有荣誉感,就像 Ryann 一样,因为前面提到 Ryann 是一个具有团队精神的 team player,所以可以通过排除得出 honor。 阅读理解: A篇 56. 本篇文章即是围绕溶洞以及溶洞探索展开。 57. 答案从本句得出,Two free admission tickets to Echo Cove Cave for friends or family members。 58. 这是一篇广告文体,列举了各种优惠条件,呼吁更多的人加入俱乐部。 B篇 59. 答案在第一段的此句,When I was twelve, I made my first adventures in the deep。 60. 答案在第三段,作者学习这么多课程的原因是他想更多的去了解水下的世界。 61. 答案从倒数第三段的 If I was going to be an undersea explorer, I would have to lead men and women on dangerous adventures where they might get hurt 可以得出。 62. 根据文章可以得出作者是一个有雄心壮志的人,因此 ambitious 最合适。 C篇 63. 本篇文章在解释 X-Rays 这种高科技手段可以带来的好处。 64. 本篇文章是在讨论用 X-Ray 去检验作品是否是真的, 也可以根据第二段的第一句得出, X-ray An of a painting is one of the best ways to tell if it was created by a famous painter or if it is a forgery。 65. deception 是欺骗的意思,并且也可以根据本段的意思推测出来。 66. 答案 A 是最符合文章的主题,或可以通过逆向推理得出答案。 D篇 67. 答案在第二段的最后一句,This information is enough to cause any reasonable person to wonder about the wisdom of allowing new teen drivers to take a car load of friends anywhere, even if the law permits it。 68. 第三段的最后一句以及第四段的开头与 D 选项的描述是相符的。 69. 答案在文章的最后一句。 70. 本篇文章通过对两个实验的讨论研究并没有得出确定的结论,在文章最后提出了法律对青少年 驾车的限制是合理的。所以 C 选项是最符合要求的。 七选五: 71. 空格前提到批评者是不赞成的,空格后以及整篇文章都是在讨论好处,因此中间需要一个转折 的句子来承接。 72. 选项中的 activities 与空格前提到的各类后是对应的,并且选项中的 tense 与空格后的 under pressure 也是对应的。 73. 第三段的主旨大意与选项相匹配。 74. 根据本段的最后一句,if an opportunity is lost, it is someone else' s fault 以及提到的 accept responsibility 与选项 admitting mistakes 是相对应的。 75. 最后一句应该填入总结性的话,只有 A 选项是符合要求的。
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