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【创新设计】2015高考英语(湖南专用)大二轮总复习测试:写作专题 专题二 阅读简答]


Passage

1

The importance of water is well explained through the saying “Water is life”.Healthy living starts with proper and safe drinking water.There are two types of d

rinking water-bottled water and tap water.Bottled water is water kept in bottles and sold in the market for drinking purposes.Tap water,also referred to as running water, is the common household water. There is a heated discussion as to whether bottled water is safer than tap water for drinking purposes.The level of contamination in tap water varies depending upon the country.To get an understanding about which is better, let's go through the comparison of bottled water and tap water. The basic issue is the affordability; tap water is much cheaper than bottled water.So for many people,difference in price is the major consideration. In 1999, it was found that the quality of bottled water was the same as tap water.In fact,more than 25 percent of bottled water was tap water kept in bottles.Campaigns were organized in order to make the public aware of the fact,and limit the use of bottled water.The use of bottled water results in several environmental issues.It is a fact that for making one liter of bottled water,more than six liters of water is required, thereby resulting in water wastage.Though, the bottles can be sent for plastic recycling,many are dumped in trash bins.Due to these reasons,environmentalists strongly oppose the use of bottled water. 1.What's the other name of tap water? (No more than 3 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Running water.

2.Why do most people like to drink tap water? (No more than 6 words) __________________________________________________________________

答案

Because of its lower price.

3.According to the last paragraph,why is tap water strongly recommended? (No more than 13 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Because it's more environmentally friendly with the same quality as

bottled water. 4.What's the best title for the passage? (No more than 6 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Bottled water or tap water. Passage 2

I ran into(与……相撞) a man as he passed by.“Oh,excuse me,please,”I said.He replied,“Please excuse me too.I wasn't watching where I was going.” Later that day,while I was cooking,my son stood beside me quietly.When I turned,I nearly knocked him down.“Move out of the way,”I shouted.He walked away with his little heart broken. That night while lying in bed, God's voice came to me and said, “When saying to that man,you use good manners.But to the child you love,you seem to act in a bad way.Look at the kitchen floor,and you'll find some flowers there by the door.Those are the flowers your son brought for you.He picked them himself,red,yellow and blue.He stood quietly to give you a surprise,and you never saw the tears in his eyes.” By this time,my tears began to fall.I took the flowers and went to his bed.I asked him, “Are these the flowers you picked for me?” He smiled, “I found them by the tree.I picked them because they're pretty like you.I knew you'd like them.” I said,“Son,I'm sorry for the way I acted today.I shouldn't have shouted at you that way.” He said,“Oh,Mom,that's OK.I love you anyway.” I said,“Son,I love you,too.And I do like the flowers.” If we die tomorrow,the family we leave behind will feel sad for the rest of their life.Why don't we spend more time with our family and be nice to them? 1.How was the little boy feeling when he heard his mother's shout? (No more than 5

words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 His little heart was broken./He was feeling very sad.

2.Why did the boy stand quietly behind his mother? (No more than 15 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 He picked some flowers and brought them to his mother to give her a

surprise. 3.What did the writer do when she found the truth? (No more than 12 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 She took the flowers and went to the boy's bed to say sorry.

4.What do you think of the boy? __________________________________________________________________ 答案 The boy is lovely,kindhearted...(any words related to the story are OK.) Passage 3

Fast food and too much TV time should not take all the blame for the weigh problems.A group of researchers say that a number of aspects of modern living from lack of sleep to environmental chemicals and to living with air conditioningmay be closely related to the weigh problems of many people. Lack of sleep is one of factors.Research in animals and humans suggest that a lack of sleep over a long time can increase appetite.Studies also show that many adults and children are sleeping less than they used to.In recent decades,adults have gone from sleeping for all average of nine hours to about seven hours. There is also evidence that industrial chemicals may increase body fat.These chemicals,which are used in products,change hormonal activity when they get into the body.Studies suggest that people have been getting more and more of these chemicals through the food chain in recent decades. Another factor that may be making people overweight is air conditioning.The body burns calories when forced to eat less in hot and wet weather,but air conditioning makes it unnecessary for the body to make any adjustment. Researchers also list other possible risk factors for overweight,including more older mothers,whose children may become overweight more easily; a number of medicines which can lead to weight gain; and fewer people who smoke,since people

often gain weight when they stop smoking because nicotine can make people eat less. No one is suggesting that people should stop working and sleep more,or keep smoking.When it comes to say any person's weight,what really matters is how much they eat and how much of the food they use every day.That means diet and exercise are still the key. 1.Why does lack of sleep will result in weight problem? (No more than 5 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Because it can increase appetite.

2.How long do adults averagely sleep nowadays? (No more than 2 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Seven/7 hours.

3.How do the industrial chemicals affecting our weight come into our body?(No more than 4 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Through the food chain.

4.What is the main idea of this passage? (No more than 18 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 A number of aspects of modern living may be closely related to the weight

problems of many people. Passage 4 Some people never master the art of being patient, and, at times, all of us struggle with being patient.Sometimes a certain situation or a certain person just pushes our buttons ,making it much more difficult for us to remain patient.Once you lose patience,things tend to go wrong.It becomes harder to concentrate,and it becomes harder to be polite to other people. Learning to be patient takes time and it takes patience to learn to be patient.Patience is acquired as you acquire wisdom,and wisdom is the child of experience.No one is born wise,just as no one is born patient.As you learn and grow and experience things in life,you become wiser and learn how to interact with difficult kinds of people. For example,you start your first job in a big office,and you don't really know

how to work with lots of people.This is normal,as you have never had the experience of working in an office before.At first, it might be difficult to understand your job.You might even lose patience,but over time you'll be able to interact with other people with more confidence and patience.When someone at work disagrees with you, it will make you flustered.However,with experience,you'll learn how to present your opinion clearly.You'll be less likely to become bothered when presented with different situations.The more patience you have,the better you'll cope in various situations. Though it might be difficult,you should try to be patient in life.This will help you in nearly all situations.You must keep in mind that patience comes with experience and wisdom.Age doesn't always mean that someone is wise,and wisdom doesn't always mean that someone is patient,though the two often go hand in hand. 1.What would happen if you failed to be patient? ( No more than 6 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 Things would go wrong.

2.How is patience acquired according to Paragraph 2? ( No more than 10 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 By gaining wisdom and experience.

3.What's the relationship between wisdom and patience? ( No more than 6 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 They go hand in hand.

4.What would be the best title? ( No more than 6 words) __________________________________________________________________ 答案 The importance of being patient.


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